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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758980/metabolomics-for-the-effect-of-biotin-and-nicotinamide-on-transition-dairy-cows
#1
Xiaoshi Wei, Qingyan Yin, Huihui Zhao, Yangchun Cao, Chuanjiang Cai, Junhu Yao
The objective of this study was to evaluate alterations in serum metabolites of transition dairy cows affected by biotin (BIO) and nicotinamide (NAM) supplementation. Forty multiparous Holsteins were paired and assigned randomly within block to 1 of the following 4 treatments: control (T0), 30 mg/d BIO (TB), 45 g/d NAM (TN), and 30 mg/d BIO + 45 g/d NAM (TB+N). Supplemental BIO and NAM were drenched to cows from 14 days before the expected calving date. GC-TOF/MS was used to analyze serum samples collected from 8 cows in every groups at 14 days after calving...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755566/anti-diabetic-effects-of-amygdalus-lycioides-spach-in-streptozocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#2
Leila Moezi, Seyede Samira Arshadi, Tahere Motazedian, Seyed Hassan Seradj, Farzaneh Dehghani
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by elevated blood sugar and abnormalities in insulin secretion and action. There are many anti-diabetic plants, which might supply useful sources for developing new medicines that can be used in treatment of diabetes mellitus. The primary objective of the present investigation is to evaluate the anti-diabetic properties of the aerial parts of Amygdalus lycioides in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. Sixty rats were divided into 6 groups: streptozocin-induced diabetic control, insulin-treated diabetic group, and four Amygdalus lycioides -treated diabetic groups (125, 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg/day)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753615/targeting-the-proinflammatory-cytokines-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-stat-3-signaling-by-irbesartan-to-ameliorate-doxorubicin-induced-hepatotoxicity
#3
Ahmed M Kabel, Abdulaziz A Alzahrani, Nawaf M Bawazir, Rayan O Khawtani, Hany H Arab
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline antibiotic that is used frequently for treatment of various types of malignancies. Hepatotoxicity is one of the serious complications of DOX. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of different doses of irbesartan on doxorubicin-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Sixty male BALB/c mice were divided into six equal groups as follows: Control group; DOX group; Irbesartan (Small dose) group; Irbesartan (Large dose) group; DOX + Irbesartan (Small dose) group and DOX + Irbesartan (Large dose) group...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749224/photoactivatable-rhodamine-spiroamides-and-diazoketones-decorated-with-universal-hydrophilizer-or-hydroxyl-groups
#4
Benoit Roubinet, Matthias Bischoff, Shamil Nizamov, Sergey Yan, Claudia Geisler, Stefan Stoldt, Gyuzel Y Mitronova, Vladimir N Belov, Mariano L Bossi, Stefan W Hell
Photoactivatable rhodamine spiroamides and spirocyclic diazoketones emerged recently as synthetic markers applicable in multicolor superresolution microscopy. However, their applicability in single molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) is often limited by aggregation, unspecific adhesion and low reactivity caused by insufficient solubility and precipitation from aqueous solutions. We report here two synthetic modifications increasing the polarity of compact polycyclic and hydrophobic labels decorated with a reactive group: attachment of 3-sulfo-L-alanyl - beta-alanine dipeptide (a "universal hydrophilizer") or allylic hydroxylation in photosensitive rhodamine diazoketones (and spiroamides)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737041/3d-14n-1h-double-quantum-1h-single-quantum-correlation-solid-state-nmr-for-probing-parallel-and-anti-parallel-beta-sheet-arrangement-of-oligo-peptides-at-natural-abundance
#5
You-Lee Hong, Tetsuo Asakura, Yusuke Nishiyama
β-sheet structure of oligo- and poly-peptides can be formed in anti-parallel (AP)- and parallel (P)-structure, which is the important feature to understand the structures. In principle, P- and AP-β-sheet structures can be identified by the presence (AP) and absence (P) of the interstrand 1HNH/1HNH correlations on a diagonal in 2D 1H double quantum (DQ)/1H single quantum (SQ) spectrum due to the different interstrand 1HNH/1HNH distances between these two arrangements. However, the 1HNH/1HNH peaks overlap to the 1HNH3+/1HNH3+ peaks, which always give cross peaks regardless of the β-sheet arrangement...
May 8, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710853/comparison-of-the-hepatoprotective-effects-of-four-endemic-cirsium-species-extracts-from-taiwan-on-ccl%C3%A2-induced-acute-liver-damage-in-c57bl-6-mice
#6
Zi-Wei Zhao, Jen-Chih Chang, Li-Wei Lin, Fan-Hsuan Tsai, Hung-Chi Chang, Chi-Rei Wu
Species of Cirsium (Asteraceae family) have been used in folk hepatoprotective medicine in Taiwan. We collected four Cirsium species—including the aerial part of Cirsium arisanense (CAH), the aerial part of Cirsium kawakamii (CKH), the flower part of Cirsium japonicum DC. var. australe (CJF), and Cirsii Herba (CH)—and then made extractions from them with 70% methanol. We compared the antioxidant contents and activities of these four Cirsium species extracts by a spectrophotometric method and high-performance liquid chromatography⁻photodiode array detector (HPLC-DAD)...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710028/vitamin-d-deficiency-increases-lipogenesis-and-reduces-beta-oxidation-in-the-liver-of-diet-induced-obese-mice
#7
Celina Carvalho Borges, Andreza Fernandes Salles, Isabele Bringhenti, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-DE-Lacerda, Marcia Barbosa Aguila
The study was conducted to understand better the mechanisms involved in liver changes when there is a combination of diet-induced obesity (DIO) and vitamin D deficiency (VDD). After 8 wk of feeding a control diet (C group) or a high-fat diet (HF), both with vitamin D, and counterpart groups without vitamin D (VitD- groups), we found in plasma: higher alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase in the VitD- groups, and more elevated total cholesterol in the HF group. Compared to their counterparts, HF and HF/VitD- showed hyperinsulinemia and higher hepatic triglycerides and steatosis...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696080/therapeutic-effects-of-serum-extracellular-vesicles-in-liver-fibrosis
#8
Li Chen, Ruju Chen, Sherri Kemper, Min Cong, Hong You, David R Brigstock
The lack of approved therapies for hepatic fibrosis seriously limits medical management of patients with chronic liver disease. Since extracellular vesicles (EVs) function as conduits for intercellular molecular transfer, we investigated if EVs from healthy individuals have anti-fibrotic properties. Hepatic fibrogenesis or fibrosis in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )- or thioacetic acid-induced liver injury models in male or female mice were suppressed by serum EVs from normal mice (EVN) but not from fibrotic mice (EVF)...
2018: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676523/characterization-of-low-abundance-species-in-the-active-pharmaceutical-ingredient-of-cigb-300-a-clinical-grade-anticancer-synthetic-peptide
#9
Hilda Garay, Luis Ariel Espinosa, Yasser Perera, Aniel Sánchez, David Diago, Silvio E Perea, Vladimir Besada, Osvaldo Reyes, Luis Javier González
CIGB-300 is a first-in-class synthetic peptide-based drug of 25 amino acids currently undergoing clinical trials in cancer patients. It contains an amidated disulfide cyclic undecapeptide fused to the TAT cell-penetrating peptide through a beta-alanine spacer. CIGB-300 inhibits the CK2-mediated phosphorylation leading to apoptosis of tumor cells in vitro, and in vivo in cancer patients. Despite the clinical development of CIGB-300, the characterization of peptide-related impurities present in the active pharmaceutical ingredient has not been reported earlier...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661693/phosphorylation-of-beta-3-adrenergic-receptor-at-serine-247-by-erk-map-kinase-drives-lipolysis-in-obese-adipocytes
#10
Shangyu Hong, Wei Song, Peter-James H Zushin, Bingyang Liu, Mark P Jedrychowski, Amir I Mina, Zhaoming Deng, Dimitrije Cabarkapa, Jessica A Hall, Colin J Palmer, Hassan Aliakbarian, John Szpyt, Steven P Gygi, Ali Tavakkoli, Lydia Lynch, Norbert Perrimon, Alexander S Banks
OBJECTIVE: The inappropriate release of free fatty acids from obese adipose tissue stores has detrimental effects on metabolism, but key molecular mechanisms controlling FFA release from adipocytes remain undefined. Although obesity promotes systemic inflammation, we find activation of the inflammation-associated Mitogen Activated Protein kinase ERK occurs specifically in adipose tissues of obese mice, and provide evidence that adipocyte ERK activation may explain exaggerated adipose tissue lipolysis observed in obesity...
March 29, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658369/hepatoprotective-effect-of-chiisanoside-against-acetaminophen-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#11
Xingbo Bian, Shijie Wang, Jinping Liu, Yan Zhao, Haijun Li, Lianxue Zhang, Pingya Li
This study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of chiisanoside (CSS) and its possible mechanisms on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute liver damage in mice. The serum activities of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and the hepatic levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determined using the commercially available assay kits...
April 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656100/extracellular-activity-of-nbad-synthase-is-responsible-for-colouration-of-brown-spots-in-ceratitis-capitata-wings
#12
Martín M Pérez, Pablo A Bochicchio, Alejandro Rabossi, Luis A Quesada-Allué
After the emergence of the Ceratitis capitata imago, the pale and folded wings are expanded and sclerotized to acquire the definitive form and to stabilize the cuticle. The wings of this fly show a specific pattern of brownish and black spots. Black spots are pigmented by melanin, whereas there was scarce information about the development of the brownish spots. N-beta-alanydopamine (NBAD) is the main tanning precursor in C. capitata body cuticle, and we hypothesized that it may be responsible for the colouration of the brownish spots...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649877/%C3%AE-n-methylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-not-involved-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Arvi Rauk
β-N-Methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxic agent implicated in ALS, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. It is produced by blue-green algae and could find its way via fish and seafood into the human food supply. Isolation from biological samples yields the compound in monomeric and protein-bound form. It has been suggested that the protein-bound fraction may result from genetic misincorporation into proteins in place of serine. Concomitant misfolding of the mutated proteins may be responsible for the neurological diseases...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622518/beta-sitosterol-and-its-derivatives-repress-lipopolysaccharide-d-galactosamine-induced-acute-hepatic-injury-by-inhibiting-the-oxidation-and-inflammation-in-mice
#14
Yongxia Yin, Xiaofeng Liu, Jinping Liu, Enbo Cai, Hongyan Zhu, Haijun Li, Lianxue Zhang, Pingya Li, Yan Zhao
Beta-sitosterol (Sit) widely exists in natural plants, is classed as phytosterol and known as the "key of life". Most pharmacological studies and clinical applications are limited because of the fact that Sit is difficult to be solved. Therefore, it is viable to enhance pharmacologic activities of Sit by using its derivatives which can be obtained through the modification of Sit. In this study, 4 kinds of new Sit derivatives were obtained by the esterification reaction. Further, the hepatoprotective effects of Sit and its derivatives were investigated against acute liver injury induced by lipopolysaccharide/d-galactosamine (LPS/GalN) in mice and its mechanism was illustrated by western blot analysis and real-time PCR...
March 28, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617133/milieu-initiated-inversion-of-the-aqueous-polyproline-ii-beta-propensity-in-the-alanine-tripeptide-aggregation-origin-of-the-onset-of-amyloid-formation
#15
Noemi G Mirkin, Samuel Krimm
Extending our earlier analogous study of the alanine dipeptide (ADP), we have now analyzed the effect of the external environment on the polyproline II (P) and β relative energies, the P/β propensity, of the alanine tripeptide (ATP). Ab initio calculations of ATP(H2O)19 and ATP(H2O)19(HCl) exhibit the same propensity inversion as in ADP: in the pure-water case the PP conformation is favored while the addition of the HCl molecule results in the ββ conformation being of lower energy. A comparison, following an intermediate insertion and departure of an HCl molecule, shows that the energy of a hydrogen-bonded (H2O)19βATP::βATP(H2O)19 structure is lower than that of the sum of two separate PP systems, i...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606448/fermentation-process-optimization-and-chemical-constituent-analysis-on-longan-dimocarpus-longan-lour-wine
#16
Guoming Liu, Jian Sun, Xuemei He, Yayuan Tang, Jiemin Li, Dongning Ling, Changbao Li, Li Li, Fengjin Zheng, Jingfeng Sheng, Ping Wei, Ming Xin
Based on single factor and orthogonal experiments, optimal fermentation conditions for longan wine were Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain of Lalvin KD , juice content of 70% and alcohol content of 10°. Sixteen amino acids were detected. Proline, alanine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid contents were relatively high. Sixty-three volatile aroma compounds were identified using solid-phase micro extraction and gas chromatography (SPME-GC). Ethyl lactate content was the highest, followed by octanoic acid ethyl ester, isoamyl alcohol and decanoic acid ethyl ester...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568236/alteration-of-metabolite-profiling-by-cold-atmospheric-plasma-treatment-in-human-myeloma-cells
#17
Dehui Xu, Yujing Xu, Ning Ning, Qingjie Cui, Zhijie Liu, Xiaohua Wang, Dingxin Liu, Hailan Chen, Michael G Kong
Background: Despite new progress of chemotherapy in multiple myeloma (MM) clinical treatment, MM is still a refractory disease and new technology is needed to improve the outcomes and prolong the survival. Cold atmospheric plasma is a rapidly developed technology in recent years, which has been widely applied in biomedicine. Although plasma could efficiently inactivate various tumor cells, the effects of plasma on tumor cell metabolism have not been studied yet. Methods: In this study, we investigated the metabolite profiling of He plasma treatment on myeloma tumor cells by gas-chromatography time-of-flight (GC-TOF) mass-spectrometry...
2018: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562163/a-protein-truncating-hsd17b13-variant-and-protection-from-chronic-liver-disease
#18
Noura S Abul-Husn, Xiping Cheng, Alexander H Li, Yurong Xin, Claudia Schurmann, Panayiotis Stevis, Yashu Liu, Julia Kozlitina, Stefan Stender, G Craig Wood, Ann N Stepanchick, Matthew D Still, Shane McCarthy, Colm O'Dushlaine, Jonathan S Packer, Suganthi Balasubramanian, Nehal Gosalia, David Esopi, Sun Y Kim, Semanti Mukherjee, Alexander E Lopez, Erin D Fuller, John Penn, Xin Chu, Jonathan Z Luo, Uyenlinh L Mirshahi, David J Carey, Christopher D Still, Michael D Feldman, Aeron Small, Scott M Damrauer, Daniel J Rader, Brian Zambrowicz, William Olson, Andrew J Murphy, Ingrid B Borecki, Alan R Shuldiner, Jeffrey G Reid, John D Overton, George D Yancopoulos, Helen H Hobbs, Jonathan C Cohen, Omri Gottesman, Tanya M Teslovich, Aris Baras, Tooraj Mirshahi, Jesper Gromada, Frederick E Dewey
BACKGROUND: Elucidation of the genetic factors underlying chronic liver disease may reveal new therapeutic targets. METHODS: We used exome sequence data and electronic health records from 46,544 participants in the DiscovEHR human genetics study to identify genetic variants associated with serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Variants that were replicated in three additional cohorts (12,527 persons) were evaluated for association with clinical diagnoses of chronic liver disease in DiscovEHR study participants and two independent cohorts (total of 37,173 persons) and with histopathological severity of liver disease in 2391 human liver samples...
March 22, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527628/efficiencies-of-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-and-gabapentin-in-the-management-of-peripheral-neuropathy-diabetic-neuropathy
#19
Khaled G Abdel-Wahhab, Eitedal M Daoud, Aliaa El Gendy, Hagar H Mourad, Fathia A Mannaa, Maha M Saber
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is the highly occurred complication of diabetes mellitus; it has been defined as an event of peripheral nerve dysfunction characterized by pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, and paraesthesia. The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the management of neuropathy in diabetic rats. The used animals were divided into the following groups: negative control, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and diabetic rats with peripheral neuropathy (DNP) and DNP treated with gabapentin or with LLLT...
March 12, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499574/metabolomic-analysis-of-two-rice-oryza-sativa-varieties-exposed-to-2-2-4-4-tetrabromodiphenyl-ether
#20
Jie Chen, Kelun Li, X Chris Le, Lizhong Zhu
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are toxic chemicals widely distributed in the environment, but few studies are available on their potential toxicity to rice at metabolic level. Therefore we exposed ten rice (Oryza sativa) varieties to 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), a predominant congener of PBDEs, in hydroponic solutions with different concentrations. Two varieties that showed different biological effects to BDE-47, YY-9 and LJ-7, were screened as sensitive and tolerant varieties according to changes of morphological and physiological indicators...
June 2018: Environmental Pollution
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