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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741343/relationships-between-certain-metabolic-diseases-and-selected-serum-biochemical-parameters-in-seropositive-dairy-cows-against-neospora-caninum-infection-in-different-stages-of-lactation
#1
Myassar O. Alekish, Abdelsalam Q Talafha, Musa A Alshehabat, Zuhair A Bani Ismail
Neospora caninum is an important cause of abortion in dairy cattle. The general health of affected cows has not been investigated before. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to identify possible relationships between certain metabolic diseases and selected serum biochemical parameters in seropositive dairy cows against N. caninum antibodies in different stages of lactation. The study was carried out using 72 N. caninum seropositive cows and 61 seronegative dairy cows (control). Serum from all cows was tested to determine their N...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740597/is-hepatic-steatosis-associated-with-left-ventricular-mass-index-increase-in-the-general-population
#2
Katharina Piontek, Carsten O Schmidt, Sebastian E Baumeister, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle, Marcus Dörr, Stephan B Felix, Henry Völzke
AIM: To investigate the association between hepatic steatosis and change in left ventricular mass index (LVMI) over five years, and examine whether systolic and diastolic blood pressures are mediators of the association between hepatic steatosis and LVMI using a general population sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Study of Health in Pomerania. The study population comprised 1298 individuals aged 45 to 81 years. Hepatic steatosis was defined as the presence of a hyperechogenic pattern of the liver together with elevated serum alanine transferase levels...
July 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737969/high-hydrostatic-pressure-extract-of-ginger-exerts-antistress-effects-in-immobilization-stressed-rats
#3
Sohee Moon, Mak-Soon Lee, Sunyoon Jung, Bori Kang, Seog-Young Kim, Seonyoung Park, Hye-Yeon Son, Chong-Tai Kim, Young-Hee Jo, In-Hwan Kim, Young Soon Kim, Yangha Kim
Stress contributes to physiological changes such as weight loss and hormonal imbalances. The aim of the present study was to investigate antistress effects of high hydrostatic pressure extract of ginger (HPG) in immobilization-stressed rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 24) were divided into three groups as follows: control (C), immobilization stress (2 h daily, for 2 weeks) (S), and immobilization stress (2 h daily, for 2 weeks) plus oral administration of HPG (150 mg/kg body weight/day) (S+G). Immobilization stress reduced the body weight gain and thymus weight by 50...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687259/why-does-finland-have-the-highest-dementia-mortality-rate-environmental-factors-may-be-generalizable
#4
REVIEW
Arnold R Eiser
Finland has the highest death rate from dementia in the world and its environmental features can be instructive in understanding hidden causes of dementia. Environmental factors there include: 1) a climate that is both very cold and humid resulting in housing frequently harboring molds that are capable of producing a neurotoxic mycotoxin 2) the Gulf of Finland as well as Finnish lakes harbor cyanobacteria that produce the neurotoxin, beta-N-methyl amino-L-alanine, known to cause dementia and related disorders 3) the aforementioned toxins can be potentiated by the presence of mercury and methyl mercury which can be found in Finnish waters 4) soil in Finland is naturally low in selenium and selenium deficiency may reduce the quantity and effectiveness of glutathione's ability to protect against neurotoxins...
July 4, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669514/identification-of-urine-metabolites-associated-with-5-year-changes-in-biomarkers-of-glucose-homoeostasis
#5
N Friedrich, T Skaaby, M Pietzner, K Budde, B H Thuesen, M Nauck, A Linneberg
AIM: Metabolomics provides information on pathogenetic mechanisms and targets for interventions, and may improve risk stratification. During the last decade, metabolomics studies were used to gain deeper insight into the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. However, longitudinal metabolomics studies of possible subclinical states of disturbed glucose metabolism are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the associations between baseline urinary metabolites and 5-year changes in continuous markers of glucose homoeostasis, including fasting glucose, HbA1c and homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index values...
June 29, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659031/gypenosides-ameliorate-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-liver-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-the-differentiation-of-hepatic-progenitor-cells-into-myofibroblasts
#6
Jiamei Chen, Xuewei Li, Yonghong Hu, Wei Liu, Qun Zhou, Hua Zhang, Yongping Mu, Ping Liu
Gypenosides (GPs), the predominant components of Gynostemma pentaphyllum, exert antifibrotic effects; however, the mechanisms underlying their ability to ameliorate liver fibrosis are unclear. Liver fibrosis was induced in C57BL/6 mice via subcutaneous injection of 10% carbon tetrachloride (CCl[Formula: see text] three times a week for two weeks. Then, CCl4 was administered in conjunction with intragastric GPs for another three weeks. For in vitro analyses, WB-F344, hepatatic progenitor cells (HPCs) were treated with transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) with or without GPs for 48[Formula: see text]h...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652427/a-long-term-treatment-with-silybin-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-stimulates-catalase-activity-in-human-endothelial-cells
#7
Alessandro Federico, Valeria Conti, Giusy Russomanno, Marcello Dallio, Mario Masarone, Paola Stiuso, Concetta Tuccillo, Michele Caraglia, Valentina Manzo, Marcello Persico, Amelia Filippelli, Carmelina Loguercio
AIM: To compare levels of oxidative stress markers in patients' sera with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) treated for 12 months (T12) with silybin conjugated with phosphatidylcholine (Realsil®) (R) or placebo (P) and investigate oxidative stress responses in human endothelial cells conditioned with patients' sera. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited twenty-seven patients with histological NASH. We measured thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in human endothelial cells conditioned with patients' sera exposed or not to H2O2 Results: We found in decreased-TBARS patients' sera, at T12, a decrease of alanine aminotransferase (p=0...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640248/voluntary-distance-running-prevents-tnf-mediated-liver-injury-in-mice-through-alterations-of-the-intrahepatic-immune-milieu
#8
Yvonne Huber, Nadine Gehrke, Jana Biedenbach, Susanne Helmig, Perikles Simon, Beate K Straub, Ina Bergheim, Tobias Huber, Detlef Schuppan, Peter R Galle, Marcus A Wörns, Marcus Schuchmann, Jörn M Schattenberg
Physical activity confers a broad spectrum of health benefits. Beyond the obvious role in metabolically driven diseases, the role of physical activity in acute liver injury is poorly explored. To study the role of physical activity in acute liver injury, a novel model of voluntary distance running in mice was developed and mice were subjected to acute liver injury induced by N-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Analyses included histological stains, immunoblotting, qRT-PCR and FACS analysis...
June 22, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582814/dietary-choline-and-folate-relationships-with-serum-hepatic-inflammatory-injury-markers-in-taiwanese-adults
#9
Chin-Pao Cheng, Chien-Hung Chen, Chang-Sheng Kuo, Hsing-Tao Kuo, Kuang-Ta Huang, Yu-Li Shen, Chin-Hao Chang, Rwei Fen S Huang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationships of dietary choline and folate intake with hepatic function have yet to be established in the Taiwanese population. We investigated the associations of choline and folate intake with hepatic inflammatory injury in Taiwanese adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Blood samples and data on dietary choline components and folate intake from 548 Taiwanese adults without pathological liver disease were collected. Dietary intake was derived using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551418/metabolomic-and-physico-chemical-approach-unravel-dynamic-regulation-of-calcium-in-sweet-cherry-fruit-physiology
#10
Michail Michailidis, Evangelos Karagiannis, Georgia Tanou, Katerina Karamanoli, Athina Lazaridou, Theodora Matsi, Athanassios Molassiotis
Calcium (Ca(2)) nutrition has a significant role in fruit physiology; however, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, fruit quality in response to CaCl2, applied via foliar sprays (Ca(2)) or/and hydro-cooling water (CaHC), was characterized in 'Lapins' cherries at harvest, just after cold storage (20 days at 0 °C) as well as after cold storage followed by 2 days at 20 °C, herein defined as shelf-life period. Data indicated that pre- and post-harvest Ca(2+) applications increased total Ca(2+) and cell wall bound Ca(2+), respectively...
May 17, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550734/pterostilbene-alleviates-polymicrobial-sepsis-induced-liver-injury-possible-role-of-sirt1-signaling
#11
Xiaojing Liu, Xueliang Yang, Lingna Han, Feng Ye, Min Liu, Wanhu Fan, Kai Zhang, Ying Kong, Jian Zhang, Lei Shi, Yunru Chen, Xi Zhang, Shumei Lin
Liver injury occurs frequently during sepsis. Pterostilbene (Pte), a natural dimethylated analog of resveratrol from blueberries, exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects in various diseases. However, the role of Pte in sepsis-induced liver injury and its underlying mechanisms remain unknown. The current study aimed to evaluate the protective effects of Pte on sepsis-induced liver injury and its potential mechanisms. Sepsis was induced using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in C57BL/6 mice. Mice were administered Pte (5, 10, 15mg/kg, i...
May 24, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548957/involvement-of-p38-%C3%AE-trcp-tristetraprolin-tnf%C3%AE-axis-in-radiation-pneumonitis
#12
Pranathi Meda Krishnamurthy, Shirish Shukla, Paramita Ray, Rohit Mehra, Mukesh K Nyati, Theodore S Lawrence, Dipankar Ray
Early release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) during radiotherapy of thoracic cancers plays an important role in radiation pneumonitis, whose inhibition may provide lung radioprotection. We previously reported radiation inactivates Tristetraprolin (TTP), a negative regulator of TNF-α synthesis, which correlated with increased TNF-α release. However, the molecular events involved in radiation-induced TTP inactivation remain unclear. To determine if eliminating Ttp in mice resulted in a phenotypic response to radiation, Ttp-null mice lungs were exposed to a single dose of 15 Gy, and TNF-α release and lung inflammation were analyzed at different time points post-irradiation...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548620/baicalein-exerts-beneficial-effects-in-d-galactose-induced-aging-rats-through-attenuation-of-inflammation-and-metabolic-dysfunction
#13
Dan-Dan Duan, Ke Xin Wang, Yu-Zhi Zhou, Xue-Mei Qin, Li Gao, Guan-Hua Du
Baicalein is a flavonoid isolated from the roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. This study aimed to ascertain the effects and potential underlying mechanisms of baicalein in D-galactose induced aging rat model by integration of behavior examination, biochemical detection and 1H NMR based metabolomic approach. Our findings suggest that baicalein significantly attenuated memory decline in D-galactose induced aging model, as manifested by increasing recognition index in novel object recognition test, shortening latency time and increasing platform crossings in morris water maze test...
May 26, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536531/caffeine-and-bicarbonate-for-speed-a-meta-analysis-of-legal-supplements-potential-for-improving-intense-endurance-exercise-performance
#14
REVIEW
Peter M Christensen, Yusuke Shirai, Christian Ritz, Nikolai B Nordsborg
A 1% change in average speed is enough to affect medal rankings in intense Olympic endurance events lasting ~45 s to 8 min which for example includes 100 m swimming and 400 m running (~1 min), 1,500 m running and 4000 m track cycling (~4 min) and 2,000 m rowing (~6-8 min). To maximize the likelihood of winning, athletes utilizes legal supplements with or without scientifically documented beneficial effects on performance. Therefore, a continued systematic evidence based evaluation of the possible ergogenic effects is of high importance...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536214/safe-administration-of-s-1-after-5-fluorouracil-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-a-patient-with-colorectal-cancer
#15
Caspar Franck, Peter Malfertheiner, Marino Venerito
Cardiotoxicity is a rare but challenging complication of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy. Compared with 5-FU, after application of S-1 lower plasma levels of the cardiotoxic metabolite alpha-fluoro-beta-alanine have been reported. Evidence for safe administration of S-1 following 5-FU cardiotoxicity is limited to a case report in an Asian patient. Herein we report the first case of S-1 application after 5-FU cardiotoxicity in a Caucasian patient.A 67-year-old man with right-sided metastatic colorectal cancer and history of 5-FU cardiotoxicity had a progressive disease after 8-month therapy with irinotecan and bevacizumab...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448086/effects-of-running-wheel-activity-and-dietary-hmb-and-%C3%AE-alanine-co-supplementation-on-muscle-quality-in-aged-male-rats
#16
D W Russ, C Acksel, K W McCorkle, N K Edens, S M Garvey
OBJECTIVE: Loss of skeletal muscle function is linked to increased risk for loss of health and independence in older adults. Dietary interventions that can enhance aging muscle function, alone or in combination with exercise, may offer an effective way to reduce these risks. The goal of this study was to evaluate the muscular effects of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) and beta-alanine (β-Ala) co-supplementation in aged Sprague-Dawley rats with voluntary access to running wheels (RW)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448083/are-dietary-supplements-and-nutraceuticals-effective-for-musculoskeletal-health-and-cognitive-function-a-scoping-review
#17
G Iolascon, R Gimigliano, M Bianco, A De Sire, A Moretti, A Giusti, N Malavolta, S Migliaccio, A Migliore, N Napoli, P Piscitelli, G Resmini, U Tarantino, F Gimigliano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our scoping review was to summarize the state of the art regarding micronutrients in order to identify which of them might effectively improve health status in the areas typically impaired in older people: bone, skeletal muscle, and cognitive function. DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: The Italian Study Group on Healthy Aging by Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements (HANDS) performed this scoping review, based on the following steps: doing a list of micronutrients related with musculoskeletal or cognitive functions, included in dietary supplements and nutraceuticals commercialized in Italy; planning a research on PubMed, according to an evidence-based approach, in order to the most relevant positive study for each micronutrient into each of the three areas involved (bone, skeletal muscle and cognitive function); identifying the micronutrients effective in maintaining or achieving an adequate health status in older people, specifying the effective and safe daily doses, according to the selected studies...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442910/targeted-delivery-of-thymosin-beta-4-to-the-injured-myocardium-using-creka-conjugated-nanoparticles
#18
Zheyong Huang, Yanan Song, Zhiqing Pang, Bo Zhang, Hongbo Yang, Hongtao Shi, Jing Chen, Hui Gong, Juying Qian, Junbo Ge
PURPOSE: Thymosin beta 4 (Tβ4) has multiple beneficial facets for myocardial injury, but its efficiency is limited by the low local concentration within the infarct. Here, we established a Tβ4 delivery system for cardiac repair based on the interaction between the abundant fibrin in the infarct zone and the fibrin-targeting moiety clot-binding peptide cysteine-arginine-glutamic acid-lysine-alanine (CREKA). METHODS AND RESULTS: CREKA and Tβ4 were conjugated to nanoparticles (CNP-Tβ4)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428133/epidemiological-study-of-common-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-camels-in-south-punjab-pakistan
#19
Aneela Zameer Durrani, Zubair Bashir, Imran Rasheed, Noor-Ul-Ain Sarwar
Bacteriological study of mastitis along with common blood protozoan diseases were studied in dromedary camels in Cholistan, Dera Ismail Khan and Rahim Yar Khan districts in South Punjab, Pakistan. For this purpose 300 camels were sampled randomly at different common grazing and watering point. For study of blood parasites clinically suspected and apparently healthy camels, 150 each, were sampled. An overall prevalence of 15%and 5% was recorded for trypanosomiasis and Anaplasmosis respectively. Trypanosoma evansi was identified with 280 bp product on polymerase chain reaction test...
July 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428069/assessment-of-non-derivatized-%C3%AE-n-methylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-neurotoxin-in-free-form-in-urine-of-patients-with-nonspecific-neurological-symptoms
#20
L Bláhová, J Kohoutek, E Kadlecová, L Kozáková, L Bláha
The beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is a non-proteinogenic amino acid discussed to be produced by cyanobacteria forming harmful blooms. Since BMAA is suspected etiological agent in neurodegenerative diseases, there is a need to study and validate whether and in what concentrations can BMAA be present in human tissues. The aim of the present study was to validate analytical and extraction procedures for quantification of non-derivatized BMAA in the urine using liquid chromatography and commercial ELISA Kit...
July 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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