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opiod overdose

Pirkko Kriikku, Lars Wilhelm, Janne Rintatalo, Jukka Hurme, Jan Kramer, Ilkka Ojanperä
Phenazepam is a long-acting benzodiazepine that, unlike other benzodiazepines, is currently not scheduled as a narcotic in Finland, most other European countries or the USA. It is used as an anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic and anti-epileptic, mainly in Russia. In Finland, as well as in some other countries, an increase in the unauthorized use of phenazepam has been observed in recent years. In the one year period between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011 the prevalence of phenazepam in Finland was assessed among drivers apprehended for driving under the influence of drugs (DUID), in medico-legal autopsy cases and in police confiscations of illicit drugs...
July 10, 2012: Forensic Science International
Robert Porter, Heather O'Reilly
Children and adolescents with pulmonary hemorrhage are infrequently encountered in the emergency department (ED). We describe a case of a 16 year-old boy who presented to a pediatric ED with pulmonary hemorrhage and respiratory distress. The patient's unusual initial presentation resulted in the consideration of a broad differential diagnosis for his symptoms, including traumatic, neurological, respiratory, and toxicological causes. After resuscitation in the ED, a prolonged admission, and extensive testing, no cause could be found other than severe opioid toxicity...
August 2011: Pediatric Emergency Care
Boonying Manaboriboon, Chulathida Chomchai
INTRODUCTION: Dextromethorphan is an opiod-derived, easily available cough remedy that, when used in large quantities, can have stimulatory effects which mimic that of amphetamine and other psychedelic drugs. Due to its easy availability, dextromethorphan is gaining widespread popularity as a recreational drug among Thai youths. Symptoms of overdose are directly related to its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. Dextromethorphan is metabolized by cytochrome p450 2D6, an isoenzyme that exhibit polymorphism in Asians...
November 2005: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
J Pach, K Pach, D Targosz, L Winnik, M Obara
The drug overdose resulting in acute intoxication diagnosed in the 106 drug abusers in period form June to December 1994. The screening drugs identification was performed using immunoassays Triage and Vitalab Eclair manufactured by MERCK. Benzodiazepines followed by barbiturates and opiods were most often the cause of acute poisonings among the adult Kraków inhabitants. The results presented indicate that only adequate clinical observation, laboratory tests performance and establishing of intoxication state (acute poisoning, chronic intoxication or withdrawal) allows a complete patient evaluation...
1995: Przegla̧d Lekarski
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