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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157065/small-spotted-bodies-with-multiple-specific-mitochondrial-dnas-existence-of-diverse-and-differentiated-tigrina-lineages-or-species-leopardus-spp-felidae-mammalia-throughout-latin-america
#1
Manuel Ruiz-García, Myreya Pinedo-Castro, Joseph Mark Shostell
We analysed two sets of mitochondrial (mt) DNA data from tigrinas (traditionally, Leopardus tigrinus) we sampled in Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, northwestern and northeastern Argentina and southern Brazil. Additionally, the analysis included some GenBank sequences from southern, central and northeastern Brazil. The first mt set (mt ATP8+mt 16S rRNA with 41 tigrina) revealed the existence of seven different tigrina-like haplogroups. They could represent, at least, 4-6 different tigrina species following the Phylogenetic Species Concept (PSC)...
November 20, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141752/differences-in-nutritional-and-health-status-in-school-children-from-the-highlands-and-lowlands-of-bolivia
#2
Graciela Terán, Washington Cuna, Froilán Brañez, Kristina E M Persson, Martín E Rottenberg, Susanne Nylén, Celeste Rodriguez
Children in the Bolivian Andes are exposed to endemic infections and meager nourishment, and live under poor hygienic conditions. The prevention of children malnutrition is a priority in many countries including Bolivia. In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. The weight, height, and hematological and biochemical parameters in blood, parasites in stool, and clinical information in 120 children from rural Taraco and in 96 from semi-urban Caranavi, both predominantly of Aymara ethnicity, were registered...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141751/assessment-of-a-leishmaniasis-reporting-system-in-tropical-bolivia-using-the-capture-recapture-method
#3
Daniel Eid, Miguel Guzman-Rivero, Ernesto Rojas, Isabel Goicolea, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Daniel Illanes, Miguel San Sebastian
This study evaluates the level of underreporting of the National Program of Leishmaniasis Control (NPLC) in two communities of Cochabamba, Bolivia during the period 2013-2014. Montenegro skin test-confirmed cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) were identified through active surveillance during medical campaigns. These cases were compared with those registered in the NPLC by passive surveillance. After matching and cleaning data from the two sources, the total number of cases and the level of underreporting of the National Program were calculated using the capture-recapture analysis...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108457/screening-for-depression-in-andean-latin-america-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-ces-d-short-form-and-the-phq-8-among-bolivian-public-hospital-patients
#4
Karolina Schantz, Chelsea Reighard, James E Aikens, Amparo Aruquipa, Bismark Pinto, Helen Valverde, John D Piette
Objective We assessed the validity and reliability of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) short form and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) (two measures of depressive symptoms) among urban, low-income patients from a heavily indigenous area of Andean Latin America. This is a patient population that is in many ways culturally distinct from the populations that have been included in previous Spanish language validation studies of these instruments. Methods We administered the CES-D Yale version short form and the PHQ-8 to 107 outpatients at public hospitals in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105297/recent-advances-in-understanding-xanthomonas-citri-subsp-citri-pathogenesis-and-citrus-canker-disease-management
#5
Christopher M Ference, Alberto M Gochez, Franklin Behlau, Nian Wang, James H Graham, Jeffrey B Jones
Taxonomic status: Bacteria; Phylum Proteobacteria; Class Gammaproteobacteria; Order Xanthomonadles; Family Xanthomonadaceae; Genus Xanthomonas; Species Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc). Host range: Compatible hosts vary in their susceptibility to CC, with grapefruit, lime, and lemon being most susceptible, sweet orange being moderately susceptible, and kumquat and calamondin being among the least susceptible (Gottwald et al., 1993). Microbiological properties: Xcc is a rod-shaped (1.5 - 2.0 X 0.5 - 0.75 µm) gram-negative, aerobic bacterium with a single polar flagellum...
November 4, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094348/child-directed-speech-is-infrequent-in-a-forager-farmer-population-a-time-allocation-study
#6
Alejandrina Cristia, Emmanuel Dupoux, Michael Gurven, Jonathan Stieglitz
This article provides an estimation of how frequently, and from whom, children aged 0-11 years (Ns between 9 and 24) receive one-on-one verbal input among Tsimane forager-horticulturalists of lowland Bolivia. Analyses of systematic daytime behavioral observations reveal < 1 min per daylight hour is spent talking to children younger than 4 years of age, which is 4 times less than estimates for others present at the same time and place. Adults provide a majority of the input at 0-3 years of age but not afterward...
November 2, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078763/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-school-teachers-from-urban-and-rural-areas-in-chuquisaca-bolivia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
María Teresa Solis-Soto, Anabel Schön, Angel Solis-Soto, Manuel Parra, Katja Radon
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are important health problems in working populations. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of MSD among school teachers from urban and rural areas in Chuquisaca, Bolivia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 60 randomly selected schools. In total, 1062 teachers were invited to participate (response 58%). The Spanish version of the Standardized Nordic questionnaire was used assessing the 12-months and 7-days prevalence of MSD as well as the 12-months prevalence of work limiting pain...
October 27, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070941/medication-nonadherence-among-south-american-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Alfonso Urzúa, Guillaume Fond, Laurent Boyer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to quantify nonadherence to medication and explore the determinants of nonadherence in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (SZ) from three countries in Latin America (Bolivia, Peru, and Chile). METHODS: This study was conducted in public mental health centers in Bolivia, Peru, and Chile. The data collected included drug attitude inventory (DAI-10), sociodemographic information, and clinical and treatment characteristics of patients with SZ...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067894/mansonella-ozzardi-and-its-vectors-in-the-new-world-an-update-with-emphasis-on-the-current-situation-in-haiti
#9
C P Raccurt
Mansonella ozzardi (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) is a little studied filarial nematode. This human parasite, transmitted by two families of dipteran vectors, biting midges (most of them members of the genus Culicoides) and blackflies (genus Simulium), is endemic to the Neotropical regions of the New World. With a patchy geographical distribution from southern Mexico to north-western Argentina, human infection with M. ozzardi is highly prevalent in some of the Caribbean islands, along riverine communities in the Amazon Basin, and on both sides of the border between Bolivia and Argentina...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023208/laboulbeniales-parasitic-on-american-small-carrion-beetles-new-species-of-corethromyces-diphymyces-and-rodaucea
#10
Danny Haelewaters, Walter Rossi
Ten new species of Laboulbeniales parasitic on small carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae) from the American continent are described: Corethromyces bernardii on Dissochaetus spp. from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and the USA; Diphymyces anthracinus on Ptomaphagus brevior from the USA; D. blackwelliae on Ptomaphagus giaquintoi from Guatemala; D. costaricensis on Adelopsis sp. from Costa Rica; D. dichromus on Adelopsis marinae from Argentina; D. newtonii on Ptomaphagus fumosus from the USA; D. obesus on Ptomaphagus brevior from the USA; Diphymyces perreaui on Ptomaphagus nevadicus from the USA; D...
September 14, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017576/traditional-knowledge-hiding-in-plain-sight-twenty-first-century-ethnobotany-of-the-ch%C3%A3-cobo-in-beni-bolivia
#11
Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Rainer W Bussmann, Robbie E Hart, Araceli L Moya Huanca, Gere Ortiz Soria, Milton Ortiz Vaca, David Ortiz Álvarez, Jorge Soria Morán, María Soria Morán, Saúl Chávez, Bertha Chávez Moreno, Gualberto Chávez Moreno, Oscar Roca, Erlin Siripi
BACKGROUND: The Chácobo are a Panoan speaking tribe of about 1000 members (300+ adults) in Beni, Bolivia. Originally nomadic, the Chácabo were relocated to their current main location in the 1960s. Researchers have visited the Chácabo since 1911. A first more detailed anthropological report exists from the late 1960s, and ecological-ethnobotanical studies were conducted in the 1980s and 1990s. The presented work represents a complete ethnobotanical inventory of the entire adult Chácobo population, with interviews and plant collection conducted directly by Chácobo counterparts...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981766/overview-methods-and-results-of-multi-country-community-based-maternal-and-newborn-care-economic-analysis
#12
Emmanuelle Daviaud, Helen Owen, Catherine Pitt, Kate Kerber, Fiorella Bianchi Jassir, Diana Barger, Fatuma Manzi, Elizabeth Ekipara-Kiracho, Giulia Greco, Peter Waiswa, Joy E Lawn
Home visits for pregnancy and postnatal care were endorsed by the WHO and partners as a complementary strategy to facility-based care to reduce newborn and maternal mortality. This article aims to synthesise findings and implications from the economic analyses of community-based maternal and newborn care (CBMNC) evaluations in seven countries. The evaluations included five cluster randomized trials (Ethiopia, Ghana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda) and programmatic before/after assessments (Bolivia, Malawi)...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981765/multi-country-analysis-of-the-cost-of-community-health-workers-kits-and-commodities-for-community-based-maternal-and-newborn-care
#13
Diana Barger, Helen Owen, Catherine Pitt, Kate Kerber, Deborah Sitrin, Chrispus Mayora, Tanya Guenther, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Joy E Lawn
Community-based maternal and newborn care with home visits by community health workers (CHWs) are recommended by WHO to complement facility-based care. As part of multi-country economic and systems analyses, we aimed to compare the content and financial costs associated with equipping CHWs or 'home visit kits' from seven studies in Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda. We estimated the equivalent annual costs (EACs) of home visit kits per CHW in constant 2015 USD. We estimated EAC at scale in a population of 100 000 assuming four home visits per mother during the pregnancy and postnatal period...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981761/bolivia-programme-evaluation-of-a-package-to-reach-an-underserved-population-community-based-maternal-and-newborn-care-economic-analysis
#14
Diana Barger, Bertha Pooley, Julien Roger Dupuy, Norma Amparo Cardenas, Steve Wall, Helen Owen, Emmanuelle Daviaud
To address inequitable access to health services of indigenous communities in the Bolivian highlands, the Bolivian Ministry of Health, with the support of Save the Children-Saving Newborn Lives, conducted operational research to identify, implement and test a package of maternal and newborn interventions using locally recruited, volunteer Community Health Workers (vCHW) between 2008 and 2010. The additional annual economic and financial costs of the intervention were estimated from the perspective of the Bolivian Ministry of Health in two municipalities...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954073/association-of-caspase-1-polymorphisms-with-chagas-cardiomyopathy-among-individuals-in-santa-cruz-bolivia
#15
Katherine Yih-Jia Fu, Roxana Zamudio, Jo Henderson-Frost, Alex Almuedo, Hannah Steinberg, Steven Joseph Clipman, Gustavo Duran, Rachel Marcus, Thomas Crawford, Daniel Alyesh, Rony Colanzi, Jorge Flores, Robert Hugh Gilman, Caryn Bern
INTRODUCTION: Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) infection is usually acquired in childhood in endemic areas, leading to Chagas disease, which progresses to Chagas cardiomyopathy in 20-30% of infected individuals over decades. The pathogenesis of Chagas cardiomyopathy involves the host inflammatory response to T. cruzi, in which upstream caspase-1 activation prompts the cascade of inflammatory chemokines/cytokines, cardiac remodeling, and myocardial dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of two caspase-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with cardiomyopathy...
July 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948172/incidence-and-mortality-rates-and-clinical-characteristics-of-type-1-diabetes-among-children-and-young-adults-in-cochabamba-bolivia
#16
Elizabeth Duarte Gómez, Gabriel Andrew Gregory, Miriam Castrati Nostas, Angela Christine Middlehurst, Alicia Josephine Jenkins, Graham David Ogle
OBJECTIVES: To determine incidence, mortality, and clinical status of youth with diabetes at the Centro Vivir con Diabetes, Cochabamba, Bolivia, with support from International Diabetes Federation Life for a Child Program. METHODS: Incidence/mortality data analysis of all cases (<25 year (y)) diagnosed January 2005-February 2017 and cross-sectional data (December 2015). RESULTS: Over 12.2 years, 144 cases with type 1 diabetes (T1D) were diagnosed; 43...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931141/skin-lesions-caused-by-tabanus-bovinus-bites
#17
Stefano Veraldi, Luigi Esposito
We report seven Caucasian adult patients who were bitten by horseflies (Tabanus bovinus Linnaeus, 1758) during a trip to Bolivia. Clinical picture was superimposable in all patients: it was characterized by multiple, erythematous, roundish, flattened, large plaques, often with a central point corresponding to horsefly bite, surrounded by satellite, similar, although smaller, lesions. All lesions were located on the neck and/or the upper chest and/or the shoulders; one patient had lesions also on the face. All patients complained of pain at the site of the bite...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922326/the-smile-index-part-1-a-large-scale-study-of-phenotypic-norms-for-pre-and-post-operative-unilateral-cleft-lip
#18
Caroline A Yao, Thomas Imahiyerobo, Jordan Swanson, Allyn Auslander, Diego De Cardenas, Jane C Figueiredo, Meghan McCullough, Melinda Costa, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Unilateral cleft lip has a spectrum of disease morphology but severity assessments are difficult given the absence of an accessible, objective assessment tools or reference data. We characterize the spectrum of cleft morphology before and after surgical repair for a large, multi-ethnic population using easily identifiable facial landmarks collected through a novel smart phone-based application. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements and standardized photographs were prospectively collected in Morocco, Bolivia, Vietnam and Madagascar during medical missions in 2015 utilizing an application designed specifically for the study...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915986/exploration-of-gender-norms-and-socialization-among-early-adolescents-the-use-of-qualitative-methods-for-the-global-early-adolescent-study
#19
REVIEW
Kristin Mmari, Robert W Blum, Rebkha Atnafou, Elisa Chilet, Sara de Meyer, Omaima El-Gibaly, Sharmistha Basu, Bamidele Bello, Beatrice Maina, Xiayun Zuo
PURPOSE: The Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) was launched in 2014 with the primary goal of understanding the factors in early adolescence that predispose young people to subsequent sexual risks, and conversely, those that promote healthy sexuality across different cultural contexts. The present article describes the methodology that was used for the first phase of GEAS, which consisted of conducting qualitative research to understand the gendered transitions into adolescence and the role that gender norms play within the key relationships of adolescents...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886789/air-repatriation-with-a-medium-sized-pneumothorax-without-thoracic-tube-a-special-case-of-a-repatriation-accompanied-by%C3%A2-an%C3%A2-experienced-surgeon
#20
Melissa B Blau, Michael Weinlich, Werner Lauchart, Stefan Piatek, Felix Walcher
We report on the repatriation of a 28-year old female from Germany, who was involved in a serious bus accident and was transported to the nearest hospital in Oruro, Bolivia. CT scans and x-rays performed in this hospital demonstrated a complete pneumothorax right. Thorax drainage was inserted, which was removed after 5 days. Since the hospital refused to acknowledge the presence of a residual middle-sized pneumothorax on the repatriation day and did not want to insert another tube, the decision was made to repatriate the patient on commercial flight back home to Germany without a thoracic tube...
September 2017: Air Medical Journal
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