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dong quai

Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
Lu Wang, Rong Jiang, Shu-Dan Song, Zi-Sen Hua, Jian-Wei Wang, Ya-Ping Wang
Leukemia is a clonal disorder with blocked normal differentiation and cell death of hematopoietic progenitor cells. Traditional modalities with most used radiation and chemotherapy are nonspecific and toxic which cause adverse effects on normal cells. Differentiation inducing therapy forcing malignant cells to undergo terminal differentiation has been proven to be a promising strategy. However, there is still scarce of potent differentiation inducing agents. We show here that Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP), a major active component in Dong quai (Chinese Angelica sinensis), has potential differentiation inducing activity in human chronic erythro- megakaryoblastic leukemia K562 cells...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jennifer Croden, Sue Ross, Nese Yuksel, Beate C Sydora
BACKGROUND: Menopause is a natural phase in a woman's aging process, characterized by the cessation of menstruation. Women who are going through the menopause transition can experience physiological symptoms that significantly impact their quality of life. Concern about adverse effects of traditional hormone therapy often leads women to purchase over-the-counter (OTC) natural health products (NHPs). The goal of this study was toinvestigate the range of OTC NHPs for menopause available to Canadian women, and the packaging information they can access to make self-management decisions...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Chelsea N Powers, William N Setzer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to use a molecular docking approach to identify potential estrogen mimics or anti-estrogens in phytochemicals found in popular dietary herbal supplements. METHODS: In this study, 568 phytochemicals found in 17 of the most popular herbal supplements sold in the United States were built and docked with two isoforms of the estrogen receptor, ERα and ERβ (a total of 27 different protein crystal structures). RESULTS: The docking results revealed six strongly docking compounds in Echinacea, three from milk thistle (Silybum marianum), three from Gingko biloba, one from Sambucus nigra, none from maca (Lepidium meyenii), five from chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus), two from fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum), and two from Rhodiola rosea...
2015: In Silico Pharmacology
Bradley J McEwen
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Platelet activation and aggregation play a central role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Herbal medicines have been traditionally used in the management of CVD and can play a role in modifying CVD progression, particularly in platelet function, and have the potential of altering platelet function tests, as well as some coagulation parameters. Herbal medicines, such as feverfew, garlic, ginger, ginseng, motherwort, St John's wort, and willow bark, were found to reduce platelet aggregation...
April 2015: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Jun Liu, Chun-Yan Xu, Shi-Zhong Cai, Yue Zhou, Jing Li, Rong Jiang, Ya-Ping Wang
Leukemia stem cells (LSCs) play important roles in leukemia initiation, progression and relapse, and thus represent a critical target for therapeutic intervention. Hence, it is extremely urgent to explore new therapeutic strategies directly targeting LSCs for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) therapy. We show here that Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP), a major active component in Dong quai (Chinese Angelica sinensis), effectively inhibited human AML CD34+CD38? cell proliferation in vitro culture in a dose-dependent manner while sparing normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells at physiologically achievable concentrations...
January 2014: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ingrid L I Hook
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danggui (Chinese Angelica root; Dong quai; Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels.) is a traditional Chinese herbal remedy with a long history of use in China, Korea and Japan. Even today it is still one of the herbs most commonly used by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners in China, as well as Europe. It is mainly used for the treatment of women's reproductive problems, such as dysmenorrhea, amenorrhoea, menopause, among others. Using Angelica sinensis (Oliv...
February 27, 2014: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Tin Fei Sim, Jillian Sherriff, H Laetitia Hattingh, Richard Parsons, Lisa B G Tee
BACKGROUND: Main concerns for lactating women about medications include the safety of their breastfed infants and the potential effects of medication on quantity and quality of breast milk. While medicine treatments include conventional and complementary medicines, most studies to date have focused on evaluating the safety aspect of conventional medicines. Despite increasing popularity of herbal medicines, there are currently limited data available on the pattern of use and safety of these medicines during breastfeeding...
2013: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Hsin-Hui Tsai, Hsiang-Wen Lin, Ying-Hung Lu, Yi-Ling Chen, Gail B Mahady
BACKGROUND: The risks attributed to drug-herb interactions, even when known, are often ignored or underestimated, especially for those involving anti-clotting drugs and Chinese medicines. The aim of this study was to structurally search and evaluate the existing evidence-based data associated with potential drug interactions between anticoagulant/antiplatelet drugs and Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) and evaluate the documented mechanisms, consequences, and/or severity of interactions...
2013: PloS One
Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Birgit M Dietz, Judy L Bolton
Menopausal women suffer from a variety of symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats, which can affect quality of life. Although it has been the treatment of choice for relieving these symptoms, hormone therapy has been associated with increased breast cancer risk leading many women to search for natural, efficacious, and safe alternatives such as botanical supplements. Data from clinical trials suggesting that botanicals have efficacy for menopausal symptom relief have been controversial, and several mechanisms of action have been proposed including estrogenic, progestogenic, and serotonergic pathways...
May 2013: Planta Medica
Jamal Jalili, Ufuk Askeroglu, Brendan Alleyne, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: The role of hypertension in the incidence of postoperative hematoma has been well documented. A large number of patients who undergo aesthetic surgery consume a variety of herbal products, some of which may cause or exacerbate hypertension. The purpose of this study was to review the herbal products that are known to cause hypertension and thus may play a role in postoperative complications. METHODS: The MEDLINE and PubMed databases were searched for articles published from 1991 to 2011...
January 2013: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
I-Min Liu, Thing-Fong Tzeng, Shorong-Shii Liou, Chia Ju Chang
Angelica acutiloba root, a Japanese species of Dong quai being cultivated in Hualien County in eastern Taiwan, is used primarily for gynecological disorders in women. Increasing evidence indicates that advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. We investigated whether A. acutiloba root is beneficial in the amelioration of AGE-mediated renal injury in a diabetic rat model. Streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats were treated orally with A. acutiloba root extract (AARE) [50, 100, 200 mg/(kg × day)] for 8 wk...
September 2011: Journal of Food Science
Chong Shou, Justin Li, Zitao Liu
A large number of women will pass through menopause each year. Women in menopausal transition experience a variety of menopausal symptoms. Although hormonal therapy remains the most effective treatment, side effects have been reported by several large studies. An increased number of women seek the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for treating menopausal symptoms. This review analyzes the evidence from systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials and epidemiological studies of using herbal medicine (Black cohosh, Dong quai, St John's wart, Hops, Wild yam, Ginseng, and evening primrose oil) and acupuncture for the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
December 2011: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Su-yin Chiang, Pei-yi Lee, Ming-tsung Lai, Li-ching Shen, Wen-sheng Chung, Hui-fen Huang, Kuen-yuh Wu, Hsiu-ching Wu
Safrole-2',3'-oxide (SAFO) is a reactive electrophilic metabolite of the hepatocarcinogen safrole, the main component of sassafras oil. Safrole occurs naturally in a variety of spices and herbs, including the commonly used Chinese medicine Xi xin (Asari Radix et Rhizoma) and Dong quai (Angelica sinensis). SAFO is the most mutagenic metabolite of safrole tested in the Ames test. However, little or no data are available on the genotoxicity of SAFO in mammalian systems. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of SAFO in human HepG2 cells and male FVB mice...
December 24, 2011: Mutation Research
I-Min Liu, Thing-Fong Tzeng, Shorong-Shii Liou, Chia Ju Chang
The aim of this study was to investigate the antiobesity and antihyperlipidemic effects of Angelica acutiloba root (Japanese Dong Quai). High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats were treated orally with the polyphenolic-rich extract of Angelica acutiloba root (AARE) once daily for 8 weeks. The AARE (300 mg/kg per day) supplementation significantly lowered body weight gain, visceral fat-pad weights and plasma lipid levels, as well as the coronary artery risk index and the atherogenic index of HFD-fed rats...
February 2012: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
M J Martena, M M P Grutters, H N De Groot, E J M Konings, I M C M Rietjens
Food supplements can contain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has defined 16 priority PAH that are both genotoxic and carcinogenic and identified eight priority PAH (PAH8) or four of these (PAH4) as good indicators of the toxicity and occurrence of PAH in food. The current study aimed to determine benzo[a]pyrene and other EFSA priority PAH in different categories of food supplements containing botanicals and other ingredients. From 2003 to 2008, benzo[a]pyrene exceeded the limit of quantification (LOQ) in 553 (44%) of 1258 supplements with a lower-bound mean of 3...
2011: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Barrie Cassileth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2011: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
I-Min Liu, Thing-Fong Tzeng, Shorong-Shii Liou, Chia Ju Chang
Angelica acutiloba root (Japanese Dong Quai), used for treatment of gynecological disorders, is currently cultivated in Taiwan. The present study evaluated the preventative effect of Angelica acutiloba root (Japanese Dong Quai) on the induction of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance was induced in rats by feeding a high fructose diet for 6 weeks. Thereafter, the rats were maintained on the same diet and treated with oral A. acutiloba root extract or pioglitazone once daily for 8 weeks. At the end of treatment, the degree of basal insulin resistance was measured by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR)...
September 2011: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Carolyn J Oles, Mary W Trucksess
The accuracy, repeatability, and reproducibility characteristics of a published method for measuring levels of fumonisin B1 (FB1) in botanical root products were determined by an AOAC single-laboratory validation procedure. Replicates of 10 test portions of each powdered root product (black cohosh, echinacea, ginger, ginseng, valerian, dong quai, and turmeric) at each spiking level (FB1 at 0, 50, 100, and 200 ng/g) were analyzed on 3 separate days. Test samples were extracted with methanol-acetonitrile-water (25 + 25 + 100, v/v/v)...
July 2010: Journal of AOAC International
D Ashley Hill, Susan R Hill
The results of recent large clinical trials have led physicians and patients to question the safety of menopausal hormone therapy. In the past, physicians prescribed hormone therapy in an attempt to improve overall health and prevent cardiac disease. Hormone therapy appears to increase the risk of breast cancer when used for more than three to five years; therefore, regulatory agencies now advise that physicians prescribe it only to treat menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal atrophy, with the smallest effective dosage and for the shortest possible duration...
October 1, 2010: American Family Physician
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