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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645094/quality-assessment-of-shoulder-plyometric-exercises-examining-the-relationship-to-scapular-muscle-activity
#1
Maya Calé-Benzoor, Annelies Maenhout, Michal Arnon, Gershon Tenenbaum, Mia Werrin, Ann Cools
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate performance quality of shoulder plyometric exercises, and examine the relationship to scapular muscle activation during an intense exercise bout. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 32 healthy university students (male/female: 14/18) volunteers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects performed 10 plyometric exercises...
May 12, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644883/effects-of-dietary-inclusion-of-high-concentrations-of-crude-glycerin-on-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-profile-of-feedlot-fed-nellore-bulls
#2
Eric H C B van Cleef, André P D'Áurea, Vanessa R Fávaro, Flavia O S van Cleef, Robson S Barducci, Marco T C Almeida, Otávio R Machado Neto, Jane M B Ezequiel
Crude glycerin, the main by-product of biodiesel production, can replace dietary energy sources, such as corn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the inclusion of up to 30% of crude glycerin in dry matter (DM) of the total diets, and its effects on meat quality parameters of feedlot Nellore bulls. Thirty animals (227.7 ± 23.8 kg body weight; 18 months old) were housed in individual pens and fed 5 experimental diets, containing 0, 7.5, 15, 22.5 or 30% crude glycerin (DM basis). After 103 d (21 d adaptation) animals were slaughtered and the Longissimus muscle was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#3
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644076/a-novel-surgical-approach-to-avian-femorotibiotarsal-luxation-repair
#4
Anna E McRee, Thomas N Tully, Javier G Nevarez, Julia Sumner, Anderson Favero da Cunha
A 3-month-old male umbrella cockatoo (Cacatua alba) was presented because of acute non-weight-bearing lameness of the right leg. Marked soft tissue swelling was present around the femorotibiotarsal (stifle) joint, and the radiographic diagnosis was right medial femorotibiotarsal subluxation. Surgical management was elected, and the stifle joint was approached via a lateral parapatellar incision. Joint exploration revealed damage to the lateral meniscus, tendon of origin of the cranial tibial muscle, and cranial cruciate ligament...
June 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643295/fat-suppression-techniques-for-breast-mri-dixon-versus-spectral-fat-saturation-for-3d-t1-weighted-at-3%C3%A2-t
#5
Anastasia Kalovidouri, Natacha Firmenich, Benedicte M A Delattre, Marlise Picarra, Christoph D Becker, Xavier Montet, Diomidis Botsikas
OBJECTIVE: To compare two fat suppression techniques used for 3D T1-weighted sequence in breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), namely Dixon versus spectral fat saturation (fat sat). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All breast MRI examinations performed in a Philips 3 T unit between March 2013 and October 2015 including either a Dixon or a fat sat sequence were retrospectively analyzed. The examinations were subjectively evaluated by two independent experienced readers in a scale of 5 for overall quality of fat suppression, homogeneity of fat suppression, definition of anatomic structures and focal lesions, diagnostic confidence for axillary and internal mammary regions and the presence of artifacts, 1 corresponding to excellent and 5 to non-diagnostic quality...
June 22, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642851/sarcopenia-neurological-point-of-view
#6
REVIEW
Young Nam Kwon, Sung Sang Yoon
Sarcopenia is an age-related geriatric syndrome which is characterized by the gradual loss of muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle quality. There are a lot of neurologic insults on sarcopenia at various levels from the brain to the neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) to generate a volitional task. Dopaminergic downregulation, inadequate motor programming and motor coordination impairment lead to decline of supraspinal drive. Motor unit reorganization and inflammatory changes in motor neuron decrease conduction velocity and amplitude of compound muscle action potential...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642828/surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-patient-affected-by-type-1-myotonic-dystrophy-steinert-syndrome
#7
Laura Cacucci, Beatrice Ricci, Maria Moretti, Giulio Gasparini, Sandro Pelo, Cristina Grippaudo
Myotonic dystrophy, or Steinert's disease, is the most common form of muscular dystrophy that occurs in adults. This multisystemic form involves the skeletal muscles but affects also the eye, the endocrine system, the central nervous system, and the cardiac system. The weakness of the facial muscles causes a characteristic facial appearance frequently associated with malocclusions. Young people with myotonic dystrophy, who also have severe malocclusions, have bad oral functions such as chewing, breathing, and phonation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#8
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641068/centric-relation-intercuspal-position-discrepancy-and-its-relationship-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
Antonio Jiménez-Silva, Julio Tobar-Reyes, Sheilah Vivanco-Coke, Eduardo Pastén-Castro, Hernán Palomino-Montenegro
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between centric relation-intercuspal position discrepancy (CR-ICP discrepancy) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), by systematically reviewing the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic research was performed between 1960 and 2016 based on electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Scopus, EBSCOhost, BIREME, Lilacs and Scielo, including all languages. Analytical observational clinical studies were identified...
June 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640602/dietary-n-carbamylglutamate-supplementation-in-reduced-protein-diet-affects-carcass-traits-and-profile-of-muscle-amino-acids-and-fatty-acids-in-finishing-pigs
#10
Changchuan Ye, Xiangzhou Zeng, JInlong Zhu, Ying Liu, Qianhong Ye, Shiyan Qiao, Xiangfang Zeng
This aim of this study was to investigate whether dietary N-Carbamylglutamate (NCG) supplementation affected carcass traits and meat quality in finishing pigs. One hundred and twenty gilts were randomly assigned to one of four treatments for 40 d, including standard protein diet (SP), reduced protein diet supplemented 1.7% L-alanine (RP + Ala), reduced protein diet supplemented with 1.0 % L-arginine (RP + Arg) and reduced protein diet supplemented with 0.1% NCG and 1.7% L-alanine (RP + NCG). NCG supplementation increased the endogenous synthesis of L-arginine...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639432/muscle-mass-as-a-target-to-reduce-fatigue-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#11
Elisabeth C W Neefjes, Renske M van den Hurk, Susanne Blauwhoff-Buskermolen, Maurice J D L van der Vorst, Annemarie Becker-Commissaris, Marian A E de van der Schueren, Laurien M Buffart, Henk M W Verheul
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) reduces quality of life and the activity level of patients with cancer. Cancer related fatigue can be reduced by exercise interventions that may concurrently increase muscle mass. We hypothesized that low muscle mass is directly related to higher CRF. METHODS: A total of 233 patients with advanced cancer starting palliative chemotherapy for lung, colorectal, breast, or prostate cancer were studied. The skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as the patient's muscle mass on level L3 or T4 of a computed tomography scan, adjusted for height...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639310/high-resolution-31-p-echo-planar-spectroscopic-imaging-in-vivo-at-7t
#12
Andreas Korzowski, Peter Bachert
PURPOSE: Conventional (31) P chemical shift imaging is time-consuming and yields only limited spatial resolution. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate feasibility of (31) P echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (EPSI) in vivo at 7T. METHODS: A 3D (31) P EPSI sequence with trapezoidal-shaped gradient pulses was implemented on a 7T MR scanner. To increase spectral width with reduced demand on gradient performance, a multishot approach was chosen. Acquisition weighting and (31) P-{(1) H} double resonance for nuclear Overhauser signal enhancement were applied to increase sensitivity...
June 21, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638612/assessment-of-physical-performance-and-quality-of-life-in-kidney-transplanted-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Pasquale Esposito, Francesco Furini, Teresa Rampino, Marilena Gregorini, Lucia Petrucci, Catherine Klersy, Antonio Dal Canton, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Information on physical and mental wellness in renal transplantation is limited. Therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate and describe the different components of physical performance and quality of life (QoL) in a cohort of kidney-transplanted patients. METHODS: Physical performance and QoL were determined through the administration of validated tests and questionnaires [muscle strength, dynamometer handgrip, tactile sensitivity, visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey]...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637129/patient-reported-outcomes-in-gne-myopathy-incorporating-a-valid-assessment-of-physical-function-in-a-rare-disease
#14
Christina Slota, Margaret Bevans, Li Yang, Joseph Shrader, Galen Joe, Nuria Carrillo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three patient reported outcome (PRO) measures characterizing physical function in GNE myopathy: the Human Activity Profile, the Inclusion Body Myositis Functional Rating Scale, and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale. METHODS: This analysis used data from 35 GNE myopathy subjects participating in a natural history study. For construct validity, correlational and known-group analyses were between the PROs and physical assessments...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634657/longitudinal-perceptions-of-the-side-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancer
#15
Hui-Chun Hsu, Su-Yu Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shiow-Roug Jeang, Mei-Yao Ho, Wen-Shiung Liou, An-Jen Chiang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and difference of side effects among six courses of chemotherapy (C/T) in gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: The study period was from Sep. 2010 to Dec. 2011 at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan. The treating protocols, courses, and drugs of C/T in patient were considered according to the different malignant cancers and clinical conditions. The patient data of age, marriage status, education, religion, and experiences of C/T were collected...
June 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634552/inherited-paediatric-motor-neuron-disorders-beyond-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#16
REVIEW
Hooi Ling Teoh, Kate Carey, Hugo Sampaio, David Mowat, Tony Roscioli, Michelle Farrar
Paediatric motor neuron diseases encompass a group of neurodegenerative diseases characterised by the onset of muscle weakness and atrophy before the age of 18 years, attributable to motor neuron loss across various neuronal networks in the brain and spinal cord. While the genetic underpinnings are diverse, advances in next generation sequencing have transformed diagnostic paradigms. This has reinforced the clinical phenotyping and molecular genetic expertise required to navigate the complexities of such diagnoses...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633669/impact-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-transient-lbp
#17
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated secondary transient pain. Aim of the study was to investigate if structured training could improve muscular function and thus improve LBP related to flying. METHODS: 39 helicopter pilots (35 men and 4 women), who reported flying related LBP on at least 1 of 3 missions last month, were allocated to two training programs over a 3-month period...
June 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632558/the-long-term-clinical-effect-of-minimal-invasive-tlif-technique-in-1-segment-lumbar-disease
#18
Yi-Bing Li, Xiao-Dong Wang, Hong-Wei Yan, Ding-Jun Hao, Zheng-Hua Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort double-center study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effect of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (miTLIF) using the tunnel technique. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A series of short-term studies have indicated that miTLIF could reduce blood loss and improve clinical results. However, long-term clinical study and magnetic resonance imaging research are still scare. METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2009, 187 patients with 1-segment lumbar disease requiring intervertebral fusion were enrolled in this study...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631809/anabolic-steroids-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#19
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bed sores, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers develop as a result of a localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. The ulcers usually arise over a bony prominence, and are recognised as a common medical problem affecting people confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time. Anabolic steroids are used as off-label drugs (drugs which are used without regulatory approval) and have been used as adjuvants to usual treatment with dressings, debridement, nutritional supplements, systemic antibiotics and antiseptics, which are considered to be supportive in healing of pressure ulcers...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631415/highlights-from-the-9th-cachexia-conference
#20
Nicole Ebner, Stephan von Haehling
This article highlights updates of pathways as well as pre-clinical and clinical studies into the field of wasting disorders that were presented at the 9th Cachexia Conference held in Berlin, Germany, December 2016. This year, some interesting results from clinical trials and different new therapeutic targets were shown. This article presents the biological and clinical significance of different markers and new diagnostic tools and cut-offs of detecting skeletal muscle wasting. Effective treatments of cachexia and wasting disorders are urgently needed in order to improve the patients' quality of life and their survival...
June 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
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