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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#1
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192275/first-trimester-medical-abortion-practices-in-canada-national-survey
#2
Edith R Guilbert, Althea S Hayden, Heidi E Jones, Katharine O'Connell White, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Wendy V Norman
OBJECTIVE: To understand the current availability and practice of first-trimester medical abortion (MA) in Canada. DESIGN: Using public sources and professional networks, abortion facilities across Canada were identified for a cross-sectional survey on medical and surgical abortion. English and French surveys were distributed by surface or electronic mail between July and November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183284/study-of-user-experience-of-an-objective-test-qbtest-to-aid-adhd-assessment-and-medication-management-a-multi-methods-approach
#3
Charlotte L Hall, Althea Z Valentine, Gemma M Walker, Harriet M Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J Groom, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated into some services to support clinical decision making. However, the feasibility and acceptability of adding such a test into routine practice is unknown. The study aimed to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of adding an objective computerised test to the routine assessment and monitoring of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115897/evaluation-of-beer-fermentation-with-a-novel-yeast%C3%A2-williopsis-saturnus
#4
Shao-Quan Liu, Althea Ying Hui Quek
The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of a novel yeast Williopsis saturnus var. mrakii NCYC 500 to produce fruity beer. Fermentation performance of W. mrakii and beer volatile composition were compared against that fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Safale US-05. (o)Brix, sugar and pH differed significantly between the two types of beer. A total of 8 alcohols, 11 acids, 41 esters, 9 aldehydes, 8 ketones, 21 terpenes and terpenoids, 5 Maillard reaction products and 2 volatile phenolic compounds were detected...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107361/dectin-3-is-not-required-for-protection-against-cryptococcus-neoformans-infection
#5
Althea Campuzano, Natalia Castro-Lopez, Karen L Wozniak, Chrissy M Leopold Wager, Floyd L Wormley
C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) are diverse, trans-membrane proteins that function as pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) which are necessary for orchestrating immune responses against pathogens. CLRs have been shown to play a major role in recognition and protection against fungal pathogens. Dectin-3 (also known as MCL, Clecsf8, or Clec4d) is a myeloid cell-specific CLR that recognizes mycobacterial trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM) as well as α-mannans present in the cell wall of fungal pathogens. To date, a potential role for Dectin-3 in the mediation of protective immune responses against C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054156/parental-refusal-of-vitamin-k-and-neonatal-preventive-services-a-need-for-surveillance
#6
Lauren H Marcewicz, Joshua Clayton, Matthew Maenner, Erika Odom, Ekwutosi Okoroh, Deborah Christensen, Alyson Goodman, Michael D Warren, Julie Traylor, Angela Miller, Timothy Jones, John Dunn, William Schaffner, Althea Grant
Objectives Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants is a coagulopathy preventable with a single dose of injectable vitamin K at birth. The Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) investigated vitamin K refusal among parents in 2013 after learning of four cases of VKDB associated with prophylaxis refusal. Methods Chart reviews were conducted at Nashville-area hospitals for 2011-2013 and Tennessee birthing centers for 2013 to identify parents who had refused injectable vitamin K for their infants...
January 4, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976142/experience-of-cough-patients-with-an-althea-officinalis-cough-syrup-in-germany
#7
C Fink, S Rabini, H Abdel-Aziz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870576/airway-management-strategies-for-brain-injured-patients-meeting-standard-criteria-to-consider-extubation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Victoria A McCredie, Niall D Ferguson, Ruxandra L Pinto, Neill K J Adhikari, Robert A Fowler, Martin G Chapman, Althea Burrell, Andrew J Baker, Deborah J Cook, Maureen O Meade, Damon C Scales
RATIONALE: Patients with acute brain injury are frequently capable of breathing spontaneously with minimal ventilatory support despite persistent neurological impairment. OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe factors associated with extubation timing, success, and primary tracheostomy in these patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter observational cohort study in three academic hospitals in Toronto, Canada. Consecutive brain-injured adults receiving mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours in three intensive care units were screened by study personnel daily for extubation consideration criteria...
January 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739873/role-of-ni-tolerant-bacillus-spp-and-althea-rosea-l-in-the-phytoremediation-of-ni-contaminated-soils
#9
Waheed Ullah Khan, Nasim Ahmad Yasin, Sajid Rashid Ahmad, Aamir Ali, Shakil Ahmed, Aqeel Ahmad
In our current study four nickel tolerant (Ni-tolerant) bacterial species viz: Bacillus thuringiensis 002, Bacillus fortis 162, Bacillus subtilis 174 and Bacillus farraginis 354 were screened by using Ni contaminated media. The screened microbes exhibited positive results for synthesis of indole acetic acid (IAA), siderophore production and phosphate solubilization. The effects of these screened microbes on Ni mobility in the soil, root elongation, plant biomass and Ni uptake in Althea rosea plants grown in Ni contaminated soil (200 mg Ni kg(-1)) were evaluated...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584586/national-estimates-of-marijuana-use-and-related-indicators-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-united-states-2002-2014
#10
Alejandro Azofeifa, Margaret E Mattson, Gillian Schauer, Tim McAfee, Althea Grant, Rob Lyerla
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In the United States, marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. In 2013, 7.5% (19.8 million) of the U.S. population aged ≥12 years reported using marijuana during the preceding month. Because of certain state-level policies that have legalized marijuana for medical or recreational use, population-based data on marijuana use and other related indicators are needed to help monitor behavioral health changes in the United States. PERIOD COVERED: 2002-2014...
September 2, 2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583699/monitoring-marijuana-use-in-the-united-states-challenges-in-an-evolving-environment
#11
COMMENT
Alejandro Azofeifa, Margaret E Mattson, Althea Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531917/genetic-modifiers-for-the-long-qt-syndrome-how-important-is-the-role-of-variants-in-the-3-untranslated-region-of-kcnq1
#12
Lia Crotti, Annukka M Lahtinen, Carla Spazzolini, Elisa Mastantuono, Maria Cristina Monti, Caterina Morassutto, Gianfranco Parati, Marshall Heradien, Althea Goosen, Peter Lichtner, Thomas Meitinger, Paul A Brink, Kimmo Kontula, Heikki Swan, Peter J Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Long-QT syndrome is an inherited cardiac channelopathy characterized by delayed repolarization, risk of life-threatening arrhythmia, and significant clinical variability even within families. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 3' untranslated region of KCNQ1 were recently suggested to be associated with suppressed gene expression and hence decreased disease severity when located on the same haplotype with a disease-causing KCNQ1 mutation. We sought to replicate this finding in a larger and a genetically more homogeneous population of KCNQ1 mutation carriers...
August 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499191/prospective-observational-study-on-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-and-central-venous-catheter-occlusions-using-a-negative-displacement-connector-with-an-alcohol-disinfecting-cap
#13
Parul A Patel, Susan Boehm, Ying Zhou, Catherine Zhu, Kari E Peterson, Althea Grayes, Lance R Peterson
BACKGROUND: Major complications of central venous catheter (CVC) use include bloodstream infection and occlusion. We performed a prospective, observational study to determine the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and CVC occlusion using a negative displacement connector with an alcohol disinfecting cap. METHODS: Patients were followed from the time of CVC insertion through 2 days after removal, at the time of hospital discharge if there was no documentation of removal, or 90 days after the insertion of the CVC if it was not removed...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477581/factors-associated-with-opioid-dose-increases-a-chart-review-of-patients-first-year-on-long-term-opioids
#14
Christopher A Bautista, Ana-Maria Iosif, Barth L Wilsey, Joy A Melnikow, Althea Crichlow, Stephen G Henry
OBJECTIVE:  To examine encounter-level factors associated with opioid dose increases during patients' first year on opioid therapy for chronic pain. DESIGN:  Case-control study analyzing all opioid prescriptions for patients with chronic pain during their first year after opioid initiation. Cases were patients who experienced an overall dose escalation of ≥ 30 mg morphine equivalents over the 1-year period; controls did not experience overall dose escalation...
July 31, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324480/antifungal-activity-of-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-against-cryptococcus-neoformans-in-vitro-requires-expression-of-dectin-3-clec4d-and-reactive-oxygen-species
#15
Camaron R Hole, Chrissy M Leopold Wager, Andrew S Mendiola, Karen L Wozniak, Althea Campuzano, Xin Lin, Floyd L Wormley
Conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) are critical for protection against pulmonary infection with the opportunistic fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans; however, the role of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) is unknown. We show for the first time that murine pDCs have direct activity against C. neoformans via reactive oxygen species (ROS), a mechanism different from that employed to control Aspergillus fumigatus infections. The anticryptococcal activity of murine pDCs is independent of opsonization but appears to require the C-type lectin receptor Dectin-3, a receptor not previously evaluated during cryptococcal infections...
September 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268043/medicinal-plants-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-options-for-gastrointestinal-and-respiratory-diseases-in-calves-and-piglets-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Hannah Ayrle, Meike Mevissen, Martin Kaske, Heiko Nathues, Niels Gruetzner, Matthias Melzig, Michael Walkenhorst
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases in calves and piglets lead to significant economic losses in livestock husbandry. A high morbidity has been reported for diarrhea (calves ≤ 35%; piglets ≤ 50%) and for respiratory diseases (calves ≤ 80%; piglets ≤ 40%). Despite a highly diverse etiology and pathophysiology of these diseases, treatment with antimicrobials is often the first-line therapy. Multi-antimicrobial resistance in pathogens results in international accordance to strengthen the research in novel treatment options...
June 6, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090687/community-engagement-to-inform-the-development-of-a-sickle-cell-counselor-training-and-certification-program-in-ghana
#17
Kofi A Anie, Marsha J Treadwell, Althea M Grant, Jemima A Dennis-Antwi, Mabel K Asafo, Mary E Lamptey, Jelili Ojodu, Careema Yusuf, Ayo Otaigbe, Kwaku Ohene-Frempong
Sickle cell disease (SCD) and sickle cell trait (SCT) are highly prevalent in Africa. Despite public health implications, there is limited understanding of community issues for implementing newborn screening and appropriate family counseling. We conducted a 3-day workshop in Kumasi, Ghana, with community leaders as lay program development advisors to assist the development and implementation of a Sickle Cell Counselor Training and Certification Program. We employed qualitative methods to understand cultural, religious, and psychosocial dimensions of SCD and SCT, including the advisors' attitudes and beliefs in relation to developing a culturally sensitive approach to family education and counseling that is maximally suited to diverse communities in Ghana...
July 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009498/developing-mhealth-remote-monitoring-technology-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-qualitative-study-eliciting-user-priorities-and-needs
#18
Lucy Simons, Althea Z Valentine, Caroline J Falconer, Madeleine Groom, David Daley, Michael P Craven, Zoe Young, Charlotte Hall, Chris Hollis
BACKGROUND: Guidelines in the United Kingdom recommend that medication titration for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be completed within 4-6 weeks and include regular reviews. However, most clinicians think that weekly clinic contact is infeasible, and audits have shown that this timeline is rarely achieved. Thus, a more effective monitoring and review system is needed; remote monitoring technology (RMT) may be one way to improve current practice. However, little is known about whether patients with ADHD, their families, and clinicians would be interested in using RMT...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999505/carest-multilingual-regional-integration-for-health-promotion-and-research-on-sickle-cell-disease-and-thalassemia
#19
Jennifer Knight-Madden, Marc Romana, Rinaldo Villaescusa, Marvin Reid, Maryse Etienne-Julan, Laurence Boutin, Gisèle Elana, Narcisse Elenga, Gillian Wheeler, Ketty Lee, Rosa Nieves, Althea Jones Lecointe, Marie-Laure Lalanne-Mistrih, Gylna Loko, Lisiane Keclard-Christophe, Marie-Dominique Hardy-Dessources
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a significant problem in the Caribbean, where many individuals have African and Asian forebears. However, reliable prevalence data and specific health care programs for SCD are often missing in this region. Closer collaboration between Caribbean territories initiated in 2006 to set up strategies to promote better equity in the health care system for SCD patients led to the formation of CAREST: the Caribbean Network of Researchers on Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia. We present the effectiveness of collaborations established by CAREST to promote SCD newborn screening programs and early childhood care, to facilitate health worker training and approaches for prevention and treatment of SCD complications, and to carry out inter-Caribbean research studies...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984689/the-long-term-effects-of-participant-direction-of-supports-and-services-for-people-with-disabilities
#20
Melissa L Harry, Jooyoung Kong, Lynn M MacDonald, Althea McLuckie, Christina Battista, Ellen K Mahoney, Haesang Jeon, Kevin J Mahoney
Numerous studies have demonstrated the short-term effectiveness of the Cash and Counseling model option of participant-directed home and community-based personal care service programs for Medicaideligible recipients with disabilities requiring long-term care. However, long-term experiences with participant-directed services have yet to be examined for these individuals. We addressed this gap in the literature through participatory action research and qualitative content analysis. Working together as coresearchers with members of the National Participant Network, a peer organization for people interested in or enrolled in participant-directed services, we interviewed 17 adults enrolled in one state's Cash and Counseling-based program...
2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
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