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Smita Shinde, Joseph Kadanthottu Sebastian, Jyothi Ramesh Jain, Manohar Shirugumbi Hanamanthagouda, Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
A reliable protocol has been established for in vitro propagation of Artemisia nilagirica var. nilagirica (Indian wormwood), a valuable medicinal plant from India. A highly proliferating organogenic callus was obtained on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 2.5 µM IAA when nodal explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with various growth regulators. Further, highest regeneration frequency (83.3 %) of adventitious shoots was observed, when the callus was sub-cultured on MS medium supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP; 2...
October 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Daniela Schwab, Matteo Giraldo, Benjamin Spiegl, Anne Schienle
The perception of intense bitterness is associated with disgust and food rejection. The present cross-modal event-related potential (ERP) study investigated whether a bitter aftertaste is able to influence affective ratings and the neuronal processing of visual food cues. We presented 39 healthy normal-weight women (mean age: 22.5 years) with images depicting high-caloric meat dishes, high-caloric sweets, and low-caloric vegetables after they had either rinsed their mouth with wormwood tea (bitter group; n = 20) or water (control group; n = 19) for 30s...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
Kourosh Azizi, Fatemeh Shahidi-Hakak, Qasem Asgari, Gholam Reza Hatam, Mohammad Reza Fakoorziba, Ramin Miri, Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard
Leishmaniasis is one of the most neglected human diseases with an estimated global burden ranking second in mortality and fourth in morbidity among the tropical infections. Chemotherapy involving the use of drugs like glucantime is the mainstay treatment in endemic areas of Iran. Drug resistance is increasingly prevalent, so search for alternative therapy is gathering pace. Medicinal herbs, like wormwood Artemisia, have chemical compounds effective against a number of pathogens. In this study, the efficacy of ethanol extract from Artemisia absinthium (Asteraceae) against Leishmania major L...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Nadia Tabassum, Ji-Hyung Lee, Soon-Ho Yim, Galzad Javzan Batkhuu, Da-Woon Jung, Darren R Williams
There is a continual need to develop novel and effective melanogenesis inhibitors for the prevention of hyperpigmentation disorders. The plant Artemisia capillaris Thunberg (Oriental Wormwood) was screened for antipigmentation activity using murine cultured cells (B16-F10 malignant melanocytes). Activity-based fractionation using HPLC and NMR analyses identified the compound 4,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid as an active component in this plant. 4,5-O-Dicaffeoylquinic acid significantly reduced melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity in a dose-dependent manner in the melanocytes...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Benoit Bach, Marilyn Cleroux, Mayra Saillen, Patrik Schönenberger, Stephane Burgos, Julien Ducruet, Armelle Vallat
The concentrations of α/β-thujone and the bitter components of Artemisia absinthium were quantified from alcoholic wormwood extracts during four phenological stages of their harvest period. A solid-phase micro-extraction method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of the two isomeric forms of thujone. In parallel, the combination of ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry allowed to quantify the compounds absinthin, artemisetin and dihydro-epi-deoxyarteannuin B...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Ho Chang, Xuan-Rong Lai
This study aims to deal with the influence of different solvent in extraction of natural sensitizer and different thickness of photoelectrode thin film on the photoelectric conversion efficiency and the electron transport properties for the prepared dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The natural dyes of anthocyanin and chlorophyll dyes are extracted from mixture of purple cabbage and roselle and mixture of wormwood and seaweed, respectively. The experimental results show the cocktail dye extracted with ethanol and rotating speed of spin coating at 1000 rpm can achieve the greatest photoelectric conversion efficiency up to 1...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Dmitri Yu Tishechkin
The modes of diversification of Palaearctic Macropsinae (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) are reconstructed based on data on their host plants and distribution in Russia and the adjacent territories. Macropsinae (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) is originally an Oriental group, which penetrated into the Palaearctic from Southeast Asia. The genus Pediopsoides and species of the genus Macropsis that feed on East Asian oaks have not dispersed beyond broadleaf forests of the Eastern Palaearctic...
June 8, 2016: Zootaxa
Weiwei Jiang, Yanyan Cen, Yi Song, Pan Li, Rongxin Qin, Chao Liu, Yibo Zhao, Jiang Zheng, Hong Zhou
BACKGROUNDS: Inflammation plays an important role in all stages of atherosclerosis, but little is known about the therapeutic effects of quenching inflammation in atherosclerotic lesions formation. PURPOSE: Herein, the effect of artesunate, a derivant from artemisinin from the traditional Chinese herb sweet wormwood, could attenuate the progression of atherosclerosis lesion formation alone or combined with rosuvastatin in Western-type diet (WD) fed ApoE(-/-) mice, and explored its possible mechanisms...
October 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Beatrix Peter, Szilvia Bosze, Robert Horvath
Herbs and traditional medicines have been applied for thousands of years, but researchers started to study their mode of action at the molecular, cellular and tissue levels only recently. Nowadays, just like in ancient times, natural compounds are still determining factors in remedies. To support this statement, the recently won Nobel Prize for an anti-malaria agent from the plant sweet wormwood, which had been used to effectively treat the disease, could be mentioned. Among natural compounds and traditional Chinese medicines, the green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) is one of the most studied active substances...
January 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
Wenxiu Liu, Yue Liu
Youyou Tu, a female scientist at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Beijing, is the first Chinese winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Based on the study of recipes which had been used for thousands of years to treat fever, Tu's group discovered that the plant artemesia annua, sweet wormwood, showed substantial inhibition of rodent malaria parasites. Her achievement and experience have inspired other researchers and emphasized the development of traditional Chinese medicine...
February 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Doreen Huppert, Hermann Oldelehr, Benedikt Krammling, Judy Benson, Thomas Brandt
OBJECTIVE: To find and analyze descriptions in ancient Greek and Roman literature that reveal what was known at the time about seasickness. METHODS: A systematic search was made in the original literature beginning in the Greek period with Homer in ca 800 bc and extending up to Aetios Amidenos in the late Roman period in ca 600 ad. RESULTS: Rough seas and unpleasant odors were recognized as the major triggers; susceptibility was greater in persons not adapted to sea travel, of a labile mental state, or with anxiety; nausea, emesis, vertigo, anorexia, faintness, apathy, headache, and impending doom were frequently reported symptoms...
February 9, 2016: Neurology
Kristen D Onos, Miranda J Francoeur, Benjamin A Wormwood, Rikki L A Miller, Brett M Gibson, Robert G Mair
To respond adaptively to change organisms must utilize information about recent events and environmental context to select actions that are likely to produce favorable outcomes. We developed a dynamic delayed nonmatching to position task to study the influence of spatial context on event-related activity of medial prefrontal cortex neurons during reinforcement-guided decision-making. We found neurons with responses related to preparation, movement, lever press responses, reinforcement, and memory delays. Combined event-related and video tracking analyses revealed variability in spatial tuning of neurons with similar event-related activity...
2016: PloS One
Michal P Dybowski, Andrzej L Dawidowicz
Absinthe is a strong spirit beverage, mostly green in color, containing besides ethyl alcohol (main component), alcoholic macerate of wormwood and other plants such as star anise and fennel seed. Due to the potential risks associated with the presence of α- and β-thujone many countries have implemented strict rules limiting the content of these congeners in alcohol products. The presented paper describes a simple and sensitive method for the determination of α- and β-thujone in human serum using Solid Phase Extraction as a sample preparation method combined with GC/MS analysis...
February 2016: Forensic Science International
Yu Zhou, Jun-quan Liu, Zhong-hai Zhou, Xiao-ting Lv, Yong-qiang Chen, Lei-qing Sun, Fu-xing Chen
Thujone is a monoterpene ketone natural substance found mainly in wormwood and sage. Previous studies have shown that Thujone has various pharmacological effects, such as anti-tumor, analgesic, and insecticide. The effect of α-Thujone to human immune cells is still unknown. Our study focuses on investigating the effects and mechanism of α-Thujone to CD3AK (anti- CD3 antibody induced activated killer) cells proliferation and cytotoxicity to colon cancer cell lines. With cell proliferation and FCM assay, it is found that α-Thujone could significantly enhance CD3AK cell proliferation and expression of CD107a in a dose-dependent manner...
January 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Andy Burkhardt, Archana Gawde, Charles L Cantrell, Holly L Baxter, Blake L Joyce, C Neal Stewart, Valtcho D Zheljazkov
The Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana contains the United States' largest coal reserve. The area produces large amounts of natural gas through extraction from water-saturated coalbeds. Determining the impacts of coalbed natural gas-produced efflux water on crops is important when considering its potential use as supplemental irrigation water. We hypothesized that coalbed natural gas water, because of its high salinity and sodicity, would affect plant secondary metabolism (essential oils) and biomass accumulation...
November 2015: Journal of Environmental Quality
Tankred Wegener, Edgar Heimueller
A combination of extracts from chamomile, silverweed, licorice, angelica, blessed thistle and wormwood, Gastritol(®) Liquid, is registered for the use of indigestion and gastrointestinal spasmodic complaints. To gain data on the experience in practice, a non-interventional open study was conducted in ambulatory patients including diabetics which were treated for 2 weeks. The efficacy of treatment was assessed by medical examination and evaluation of typical symptoms by patients. A total of 149 patients was enrolled, 90 without and 59 with diabetes...
January 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Rosaria Costa, Salvatore Ragusa, Marina Russo, Giovanna Certo, Flavio A Franchina, Antonio Zanotto, Elisa Grasso, Luigi Mondello, Maria Paola Germanò
Artemisia arborescens, also known as tree wormwood, is a typical species of the Mediterranean flora. It has been used in folk medicine for its antispasmodic, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, and abortifacient properties. In the current study, the application of multidimensional comprehensive gas chromatography (GC×GC), allowed to obtain a detailed fingerprint of the essential oil from A. arborescens aerial parts, highlighting an abundant presence of chamazulene followed by camphor, β-thujone, myrcene, and α-pinene...
January 5, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
José F Vouillamoz, Christoph Carlen, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Federica Pollastro, Giovanni Appendino
Wormwoods (Artemisia species) from the génépi group are, along with Edelweiss, iconic plants of the Alpine region and true symbols of inaccessibility because of their rarity and their habitat, largely limited to moraines of glaciers and rock crevices. Infusions and liqueurs prepared from génépis have always enjoyed a panacea status in folk medicine, especially as thermogenic agents and remedies for fatigue, dyspepsia, and airway infections. In the wake of the successful cultivation of white génépi (Artemisia umbelliformis Lam...
October 2015: Fitoterapia
Xueqing Fu, Pu Shi, Qian Shen, Weimin Jiang, Yueli Tang, Zongyou Lv, Tingxiang Yan, Ling Li, Guofeng Wang, Xiaofen Sun, Kexuan Tang
Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Artemisia annua L. (sweet wormwood), is extensively used in the treatment of malaria. In order to better understand the metabolism of terpenes in A. annua and the influence of terpene synthases on artemisinin yield, the expression pattern of a monoterpene alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH2) has been studied using transgenic plants expressing promoter-β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusion. ADH2 played a major role in monoterpenoid biosynthesis including carveol, borneol, and artemisia ketone through in vitro biochemical analysis...
November 2016: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Armand G Ngounou Wetie, Kelly L Wormwood, Laci Charette, Jeanne P Ryan, Alisa G Woods, Costel C Darie
In the last decades, prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been on the rise. However, clear aetiology is still elusive and improvements in early diagnosis are needed. To uncover possible biomarkers present in ASD, we used two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and nanoliquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS), to compare salivary proteome profiling of children with ASD and controls. A total of 889 spots were compared and only those spots with a fold change ≥1.7 and a P-value <0...
November 2015: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
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