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Patrick W Maes, Pedro A P Rodrigues, Randy Oliver, Brendon M Mott, Kirk E Anderson
Dysbiosis, defined as unhealthy shifts in bacterial community composition, can lower the colonization resistance of the gut to intrinsic pathogens. Here, we determined the effect of diet age and type on the health and bacterial community composition of the honeybee (Apis mellifera). We fed newly emerged bees fresh or aged diets, and then recorded host development and bacterial community composition from four distinct regions of the hosts' digestive tract. Feeding fresh pollen or fresh substitute, we found no difference in host mortality, diet consumption, development or microbial community composition...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Ecology
Wei Huang, Guang-Long Wang, Hui Li, Feng Wang, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Ascorbic acid (AsA) is an important nutrient in the human body and performs various healthy functions. With considerable medicinal properties, celery (Apium graveolens L.) could be a good source of AsA for human health. However, the biosynthetic, recycling, and degradation pathways of AsA in celery have yet to be characterized. To study the metabolic pathways involved in AsA, the genes involved in AsA biosynthesis, recycling, and degradation were isolated from celery, and their expression profiles and AsA levels were analyzed in the leaf blades and petioles of two celery varieties at three different growth stages...
September 7, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Wesam Kooti, Najmeh Kafash-Farkhad, Ali Ghorbani Ranjbary, Naim Sharafi-Ahvazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Yu Zhang, Long-Jian Huang, Si Shi, Shao-Feng Xu, Xiao-Liang Wang, Ying Peng
AIMS: Our previous studies showed that L-3-n-butylphthalide (L-NBP), an extract from seeds of Apium graveolens Linn (Chinese celery), improved cognitive ability in animal models of cerebral ischemia, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is well known that cognitive deficit of AD is caused by synaptic dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the effect of L-NBP on hippocampal synaptic function in APP/PS1 AD transgenic mice and related mechanisms. METHODS: Eighteen-month-old APP/PS1 transgenic (Tg) mice were administrated 15 mg/kg L-NBP by oral gavage for 3 months...
July 20, 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Wanida Sukketsiri, Pennapa Chonpathompikunlert, Supita Tanasawet, Nutjanat Choosri, Tulaporn Wongtawatchai
Apium graveolens Linn. (Apiaceae) is an indigenous plant of the North and South Americas, Southern Europe, and Asia and has been widely used as a food or a traditional medicine for treatment of inflammation and arthritis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of a methanolic extract of A. graveolens (AGE) against liver oxidative stress in an adjuvant-induced arthritic rat model. The AGE (250, 500, and 1,000 mg/kg) was given orally for 24 consecutive days after induction by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant...
June 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Seyede Nargess Sadati, Mohammad Reza Shams Ardekani, Nastaran Ebadi, Maryam Yakhchali, Azadeh Raees Dana, Fatemeh Masoomi, Mahnaz Khanavi, Farid Ramezany
One concept used in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) for multidrug therapy is that of the convoy drug (Mobadregh). According to TPM texts, convoy drugs are substances (or drugs), which facilitate the access of drugs or foods to the whole body or to specific organs. This study reviewed some convoy drugs presented in TPM, their biological effects, and their probable interactions with main drugs, considering the increased absorption through inhibition of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux function, bioavailability-enhancing effects, and decreased metabolism of the main drug using electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar in November and December, 2013...
January 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
Daniela Baldantoni, Anna Alfani
Choosing native vascular plants as nutrient and toxic element accumulators for passive biomonitoring of urban river quality is not an easy task in Mediterranean rivers, due to the particular climate determining high variations in river hydrology. To identify potential biomonitors for this area, the roots of seven species (Angelica sylvestris, Apium nodiflorum, Tradescantia fluminensis, Nasturtium officinale, Persicaria lapathifolia, Arctium lappa, Typha latifolia), growing in seven sites along the River Irno (Southern Italy), were collected in July 2010 and analyzed regarding their capability to accumulate Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn through atomic absorption spectrometry...
July 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Meng-Yao Li, Feng Wang, Qian Jiang, Guan-Long Wang, Chang Tian, Ai-Sheng Xiong
A suitable reference gene is an important prerequisite for guarantying accurate and reliable results in qPCR analysis. Celery is one of the representative vegetable in Apiaceae and is widely cultivated and consumed in the world. However, no reports have been previously published concerning reference genes in celery. In this study, the expression stabilities of nine candidate reference genes in leaf blade and petiole at different development stages were evaluated using three statistics algorithms geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Haijuan Hu, Bin Liu, Yabei Zuo, Demin Liu, Ruiqin Xie, Wei Cui
AIMS: Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) played an important role in vascular remodeling. dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) was extracted as a pure component from seeds of Apium graveolens Linn (Chinese celery) for protecting neurons activity, but the role of NBP on VSMCs was not clearly clarified. MAIN METHODS: Cell proliferation was measured by MTS and flow cytometry. Western blot analysis and transmission electron microscopy were performed to analyze the relative protein expression and autophagosome...
April 15, 2016: Life Sciences
V Corby-Harris, L Snyder, C A D Meador, R Naldo, B Mott, K E Anderson
The honey bee, Apis mellifera L., is host to a variety of microorganisms. The bacterial community that occupies the adult worker gut contains a core group of approximately seven taxa, while the hive environment contains its own distribution of bacteria that is in many ways distinct from the gut. Parasaccharibacter apium, gen. nov., sp. nov., is a hive bacterium found in food stores and in larvae, worker jelly, worker hypopharyngeal glands, and queens. Parasaccharibacter apium increases larval survival under laboratory conditions...
April 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Arshiya Sultana, Syed Lamatunoor, Mazherunnisa Begum, Q N Qhuddsia
Usr-i-tamth in Unani (Greco-Arabic) medicine is pain associated with menstruation, and classical manuscripts are enriched with traditional knowledge for the management of usr-i-tamth (menstrual pain/dysmenorrhoea). Hence, a comprehensive search was undertaken to find classical manuscripts for the management of menstrual pain was. We searched the Cochrane database, PubMed/Google Scholar, and other websites for articles on complementary and alternative medicine treatment and management of menstrual pain. The principal management as per Unani manuscripts is to produce analgesia and to treat the cause of usr-i-tamth such as abnormal temperament, menstrual irregularities/uterine diseases, and psychological and environmental factors...
December 30, 2015: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Zoran Zujovic, Da Chen, Laurence D Melton
Collenchyma cells with their thickened walls are one of specific mechanical support tissues for plants, while parenchyma cells are thin walled and serve multiple functions. The parenchyma tissue is what you enjoy eating, while collenchyma, because of its fibrous nature, is not so attractive. Celery is a useful model for comparing the cell walls (CWs) of the two cell types such as collenchyma and parenchyma. However, to date, the structural characteristics of collenchyma and parenchyma cell walls from the same plant have not been compared...
February 2016: Carbohydrate Research
Thao Nguyen, Mario Aparicio, Mahmoud A Saleh
The triacylglycerol (TAG) structure and the regio-stereospecific distribution of fatty acids (FA) of seed oils from most of the Apiaceae family are not well documented. The TAG structure ultimately determines the final physical properties of the oils and the position of FAs in the TAG molecule affects the digestion; absorption and metabolism; and physical and technological properties of TAGs. Fixed oils from the fruits of dill (Anethum graveolens), caraway (Carum carvi), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), coriander (Coriandrum sativum), anise (Pimpinella anisum), carrot (Daucus carota), celery (Apium graveolens), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), and Khella (Ammi visnaga), all from the Apiaceae family, were extracted at room temperature in chloroform/methanol (2:1 v/v) using percolators...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Meng-Yao Li, Feng Wang, Qian Jiang, Jing Ma, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is one of the most important and widely grown vegetables in the Apiaceae family. Due to the lack of comprehensive genomic resources, research on celery has mainly utilized physiological and biochemical approaches, rather than molecular biology, to study this crop. Transcriptome sequencing has become an efficient and economic technology for obtaining information on gene expression that can greatly facilitate molecular and genomic studies of species for which a sequenced genome is not available...
2014: Horticulture Research
Seon-Mi Seo, Chan-Sik Jung, Jaesoon Kang, Hyo-Rim Lee, Sung-Woong Kim, Jinho Hyun, Il-Kwon Park
This study evaluated the larvicidal activity of 12 Apiaceae plant essential oils and their components against the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, and the inhibition of acetylcholine esterase with their components. Of the 12 plant essential oils tested, ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi), caraway seed (Carum carvi), carrot seed (Daucus carota), celery (Apium graveolens), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), dill (Anethum graveolens), and parsley (Petroselinum sativum) resulted in >90% larval mortality when used at 0...
November 18, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
W C Zhao, H W Shang, W Guo, D Xu, T Y Huang, L X Zhu
A monoclonal antibody was prepared by the hybridoma technology. It reacted only with the protein of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) and not with that of Chromatomyia horticola Goureau or Liriomyza sativae Blanchard in indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. It was effective even after being diluted more than 8.192×10(6)-fold. The detection sensitivity of the antibody was 31.3 µg/ml under controlled conditions. Positive reaction was achieved with all laboratory-reared L. trifolii samples, including larvae, pupae, and adults...
April 2015: Journal of Economic Entomology
Michael C Powanda, Michael W Whitehouse, K D Rainsford
Celery preparations have been used extensively for several millennia as natural therapies for acute and chronic painful or inflammatory conditions. This chapter reviews some of the biological and chemical properties of various celery preparations that have been used as natural remedies. Many of these have varying activities and product qualities. A fully standardized celery preparation has been prepared known as an alcoholic extract of the seeds of a plant source derived from northern India. This is termed, Celery Seed Extract (CSE) and has been found to be at least as effective as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen in suppressing arthritis in a model of polyarthritis...
2015: Progress in Drug Research. Fortschritte der Arzneimittelforschung. Progrès des Recherches Pharmaceutiques
Zakir Uddin, Anwar Ali Shad, Jehan Bakht, Inam Ullah, Saleem Jan
The present study evaluates the phytochemical screenings, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial assay of Apium graveolens L. The phytochemical screening showed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, saponins and steroids in Apium graveolens while terpenoids was absent. The total phenolic content was slightly higher in methanolic fraction (63.46 ± 12.00 mg GAE/g) followed by ethanol (36.60 ± 12.28 mg GAE/g) and hexane fractions (34.86 ± 6.96 mg GAE/g). The flavonoid content was high in methanolic extract (56...
September 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Xuezhu Ye, Wendan Xiao, Yongzhi Zhang, Shouping Zhao, Gangjun Wang, Qi Zhang, Qiang Wang
There are increasing concerns on heavy metal contaminant in soils and vegetables. In this study, we investigated heavy metal pollution in vegetables and the corresponding soils in the main vegetable production regions of Zhejiang province, China. A total of 97 vegetable samples and 202 agricultural soil samples were analyzed for the concentrations of Cd, Pb, As, Hg, and Cr. The average levels of Cd, Pb, and Cr in vegetable samples [Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris spp. Pekinensis), pakchoi (Brassica chinensis L...
June 2015: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Xiao-Ming Lu, Peng-Zhen Lu, Jian-Jun Chen, Hui Zhang, Jie Fu
A sequential extraction approach was used to evaluate the effects of various combinations of passivators (sepiolite, phosphate rock, and coal fly ash) on the concentration and speciation of Cu in swine manure aerobic compost along with soil to which the compost had been applied. The results indicate that the various passivators altered the bound forms of Cu in pig manure and soil; the concentrations of exchangeable and Fe-Mn-bound Cu decreased, whereas the residual Cu concentration increased, indicating that Cu transformed to low-availability forms after the passivator treatments...
October 2015: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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