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Li Rong Cai, Xu Kuang, Shuai Fang, Zuo Qiang Yuan, Fei Lin, Ji Ye, Zhan Qing Hao, Xu Gao Wang
To understand the factors influencing tree radial growth, we analyzed the seasonal dynamics of tree growth of 3 common species (Pinus koraiensis, Tilia amurensis, Quercus mongolica), compared interspecific growth rates and explored the effects of size, neighborhood competition, soil and topography based on five years dendrometer bands monitoring data of the 3 common species in a broad-leaved Korean pine (P. koraiensis) mixed forest plot in Changbai Mountain, Northeast China. The results showed that the growth dynamics of 3 species were consistent...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Bastian Barker Rasmussen, Katrine Ege Erner, Mikkel Bentzon-Tilia, Lone Gram
The expanding aquaculture industry plays an important role in feeding the growing human population and with the expansion, sustainable bacterial disease control, such as probiotics, becomes increasingly important. Tropodithietic acid (TDA)-producing Phaeobacter spp. can protect live feed, for example rotifers and Artemia as well as larvae of turbot and cod against pathogenic vibrios. Here, we show that the emerging live feed, copepods, is unaffected by colonization of the fish pathogen Vibrio anguillarum, making them potential infection vectors...
May 6, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
Luciana Mantovani, Mario Tribaudino, Massimo Solzi, Vera Barraco, Eriberto De Munari, Claudia Pironi
In this work, both PM10 filters and leaves have been collected, on a daily basis, over a period of five months and compared systematically. Filters were taken from an air-quality monitoring station and leaves from two Tilia cordata trees, both located near the railway station of Parma. SEM-EDS analysis on the surface and across the leaves shows that magnetic particles are almost entirely made of magnetite, and that they are found invariably on the leaves surface. The saturation isothermal magnetic remanence (SIRM) shows that for both filters and leaves the magnetic fraction mainly consists of a low coercivity, magnetite-like phase...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Lu Wang, Hai Jun Yang, Ling Li, Xiao Fei Nan, Zhen Xing Zhang, Kun Li
Annually, about 70% of the streams in the Changbai Mountains are frosted during November to April, with manifest seasonal freeze-thaw characters. By using monoculture and mixing leaf litters of Tilia amurensis, Acer mono and Quecus mongolica, this research attempted to disentangle the relationship between leaf litter decomposition and colonization of macroinvertebrates in the stream during early frost period. A 35-day investigation was carried out in a headwater stream of the Changbai Mountains. Nylon bags with two hole sizes (5 mm and 0...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Zoi N Thanou, Dimitrios G Afentoulis, Panagiota Koufopoulou, Argyro P Ampatzi, Sofia D Lekkou, Αikaterini Koutsogiannopoulou, Anastasia A Bravou, Georgia D Stamatakou, Konstantina N Voulgaraki, Anastasios Piperkas, Aikaterini Chaldaiou, Argyro P Kalaitzaki, Antonios E Tsagkarakis
Seventeen auchenorrhynchan species of the family Cicadellidae are recorded from Greece for the first time: Euscelidius variegatus (Kirschbaum 1858), Euscelis ohausi (Wagner 1939), Psammotettix notatus (Melichar 1896), Psammotettix striatus (Linnaeus 1758), Psammotettix sabulicola (Curtis 1837), Anzygina honiloa (Kirkaldy 1906), Arboridia versuta (Melichar 1897), Edwardsiana ishidae (Matsumura 1932), Edwardsiana tersa (Edwards 1914), Eupteryx decemnotata (Rey 1891), Eupteryx curtisii (Flor 1861), Eupteryx rostrata (Ribaut 1936), Frutioidia sanguinosa (Rey 1891), Zygina rosea (Flor 1861), Zygina suavis (Rey 1891), Zygina tiliae (Fallen 1806), Anaceratagallia frisia (Wagner 1939)...
April 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Elisabeth Kuhn, Ruth Haselmair, Heidemarie Pirker, Christian R Vogl
BACKGROUND: Food knowledge and consumption in the context of migration is an important topic in ethnobiological research. Little research is done on the process of how external factors impact food knowledge amongst migrants. Taking into account social organisation and power relations of food knowledge transmission and distribution of food knowledge, this study sheds light on how the accessibility of resources, the predominant cuisine in the host country and ethnic tourism influences the food knowledge tradition of Tyrolean migrants and their descendants in Treze Tílias...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Eva C Sonnenschein, Christopher Broughton William Phippen, Mikkel Bentzon-Tilia, Silas Anselm Rasmussen, Kristian Fog Nielsen, Lone Gram
The Roseobacter-group species Phaeobacter inhibens produces the antibacterial tropodithietic acid (TDA) and the algaecidal roseobacticides with both compound classes sharing part of the same biosynthetic pathway. The purpose of this study was to investigate the production of roseobacticides more broadly in TDA-producing roseobacters and to compare the effect of producers and non-producers on microalgae. Of 33 roseobacters analyzed, roseobacticide production was a unique feature of TDA-producing P. inhibens, P...
April 6, 2018: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Hina Firdous, Talib Hussain, Monika Singh, Syed Mohd Danish Rizvi, Afrasim Moin, Mohammad A Kamal
Liver ailments including alcoholic liver disease (ALD), still remain the main reason for morbidity & mortality worldwide. In fact, ALD is a multifactorial disease with complex pathophysiology which is linked to several types of liver damages including steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis. This review emphasizes on 30 herbal medicinal plants with their extracts studied for protective effect against ALD and current scientific evidence of ALD cure by thirty Indian Materia Medica including Tilia Platyphyllos, Amomum subulatum, Carica papaya, Pogostemon patchouli, Commelina benghalensis, Bacopamonnieri, Pecan nut, Allium cepa, Beta Vulgaris, Adina cordifolia, Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina, Sida veronicaefolia, Chenopodium album, Korean red ginseng, Elephantopus scaber, Tecomella undulata, Prunus armeniaca, Sea tangle (Laminaria japonica), Emblica officinalis, Saccharum officinarum, Cocculus hirsutus, Cassia roxburghii, Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang, Phyllanthus amarus, Aegle marmelos, Agrimonia eupatoria, Flaveria trinervia, Curcuma longa and Garcinia indica...
March 30, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Mohammad A Rahman, Astrid Moser, Anna Gold, Thomas Rötzer, Stephan Pauleit
Moderation of thermal energy balance through the canopies of urban trees is well known. However, a more functional and quantitative view of the heterogeneous urban environment and their influence on the below-canopy vertical air temperature gradients is largely missing. Throughout the summer 2016 we continuously measured air temperature at three different heights (at 1.5, 3 and 4.5m from the ground) under the canopies of two common but contrasting street tree species in respect of eco-physiology and morphology in Munich, Germany: Robinia pseudoacacia L...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Monika E Czerwińska, Marta K Dudek, Karolina A Pawłowska, Anna Pruś, Maria Ziaja, Sebastian Granica
Linden flower is a wildly used plant material among patients in the treatment of common cold symptoms and mucosa inflammations. However, the structure and bioactivity of flavan-3-ol derivatives present in infusions from flowers of Tilia cordata have not been studied so far. The aim of current study was to isolate and identify main procyanidins present in the flowers of small-leaved lime and to evaluate their influence on the inflammatory response of human neutrophils ex vivo. The chemical structure of isolated compounds was established by 1D and 2D NMR experiments...
February 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
Mircea Oroian, Sergiu Paduret, Sorina Ropciuc
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a voltammetric e-tongue (three electrodes: reference electrode (Ag/AgCl), counter electrode (glassy carbon electrode rod) and working electrode (Au, Ag, Pt and glass electrode)) for honey adulteration detection. For this purpose, 55 samples of authentic honey (acacia, honeydew, sunflower, Tilia and polyfloral) and 150 adulterated ones were analyzed. The adulteration was made using fructose, glucose, inverted sugar, hydrolyzed inulin syrup and malt wort at different percentages: 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%, respectively...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Jennie Diec, Thomas Naduvilath, Daniel Tilia
SIGNIFICANCE: This study shows satisfaction in contact lens (CL) wear is influenced by both comfort and vision. Eighty-six percent of participants were willing to continue with trial CL wear if satisfied with both comfort and vision, dropping to 50% if either variable was unsatisfactory and 0% if both were unsatisfactory. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between subjective ratings and satisfaction with CL wear. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of two daily-disposable CL trials (delefilcon A, somofilcon A) on participants 40 years or younger followed over 3 months...
March 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Marek Piątkowski, Łukasz Janus, Julia Radwan-Pragłowska, Dariusz Bogdał, Dalibor Matysek
A new type of promising chitosan beads with advanced properties were obtained under microwave radiation according to Green Chemistry principles. Biomaterials were prepared using chitosan as raw material and glutamic acid/1,5-pentanodiol mixture as crosslinking agents. Additionally beads were modified with Tilia platyphyllos extract to enhance their antioxidant properties. Beads were investigated over their chemical structure by FT-IR analysis. Also their morphology has been investigated by SEM method. Additionally swelling capacity of the obtained hydrogels was determined...
April 1, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Huaijiang He, Chunyu Zhang, Xiuhai Zhao, Folega Fousseni, Jinsong Wang, Haijun Dai, Song Yang, Qiang Zuo
Understanding forest carbon budget and dynamics for sustainable resource management and ecosystem functions requires quantification of above- and below-ground biomass at individual tree species and stand levels. In this study, a total of 122 trees (9-12 per species) were destructively sampled to determine above- and below-ground biomass of 12 tree species (Acer mandshuricum, Acer mono, Betula platyphylla, Carpinus cordata, Fraxinus mandshurica, Juglans mandshurica, Maackia amurensis, P. koraiensis, Populus ussuriensis, Quercus mongolica, Tilia amurensis and Ulmus japonica) in coniferous and broadleaved mixed forests of Northeastern China, an area of the largest natural forest in the country...
2018: PloS One
Belén Lumbierres, Filipe Madeira, Xavier Pons
Oenopia conglobata is one of the most common ladybird species in urban green areas of the Mediterranean region. We have obtained data about its prey acceptability and prey preferences. In a laboratory experiment, we investigated the acceptability of seven aphid and one psyllid species as prey for this coccinellid: the aphids Chaitophorus populeti, Aphis gossypii , Aphis craccivora Monelliopsis caryae , Eucallipterus tiliae , Aphis nerii (on white poplar, pomegranate, false acacia, black walnut, lime, and oleander, respectively), and the psyllid Acizzia jamatonica on Persian silk tree...
January 12, 2018: Insects
Jens Dahlhausen, Thomas Rötzer, Peter Biber, Enno Uhl, Hans Pretzsch
Climate, e.g., air temperature and precipitation, differs strongly between urban and peripheral areas, which causes diverse life conditions for trees. In order to compare tree growth, we sampled in total 252 small-leaved lime trees (Tilia cordata Mill) in the city of Berlin along a gradient from the city center to the surroundings. By means of increment cores, we are able to trace back their growth for the last 50 to 100 years. A general growth trend can be shown by comparing recent basal area growth with estimates from extrapolating a growth function that had been fitted with growth data from earlier years...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Jennie Diec, Daniel Tilia, Varghese Thomas, Ravi C Bakaraju
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether initial assessment of contact lenses prescribed for myopia control (MC) predicts short-term visual performance. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of 43 participants in a double-masked, randomized, cross-over trial wearing at least one lens: single-vision (SV) lens (1-DAY ACUVUE MOIST) or MC lenses (MiSight or Proclear Multifocal-Distance +2.00D). Participants completed questionnaires at the fitting visit, a take-home questionnaire (THQ) 3 days after fitting and finally at the assessment visit (≥5 days after fitting)...
November 28, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
Mircea Oroian, Sorina Ropciuc, Sergiu Paduret, Elena Todosi Sanduleac
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physico-chemical properties (free acidity, pH, aw , ash content, moisture content, color (L*, a*, b*, hue-angle, chroma and yellow index), fructose, glucose and sucrose content) and textural parameters (viscosity, hardness, adhesion, springiness, cohesiveness, chewiness and gumminess) of 50 samples of honey of different botanical origin (acacia, polyfloral, honeydew, sunflower and tilia). In order to achieve the authentication of the honey samples analyzed, their data have been subjected to linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and principal component analysis (PCA)...
December 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Araylim N Aralbaeva, Aigul T Mamataeva, Nazgul I Zhaparkulova, Raisa S Utegalieva, Marina Khanin, Michael Danilenko, Maira K Murzakhmetova
Treatment of liver injury induced by various toxicants represents a serious clinical challenge. Here, we utilized the ability of natural agents to inhibit microsomal lipid peroxidation (LPO) as the in-vitro screening paradigm for selecting efficacious tissue-protective combinations of cooperatively acting medicinal plants. Based on screening of 70 water-ethanol extracts obtained from different parts of 65 plants we prepared a highly active phytocomposition (PC-1) containing oregano (Origanum vulgare), wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum) and coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) aerial parts, valerian (Valeriana officinalis) leaves and little-leaf linden (Tilia cordata) flowers...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Karen K Dittmann, Bastian B Rasmussen, Mathieu Castex, Lone Gram, Mikkel Bentzon-Tilia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
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