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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086765/health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-and-its-associated-factors-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-t1dm
#1
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to describe the baseline health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and analyze its associated clinical and sociodemographic factors, assessing HRQOL through internet. METHODS: This was a descriptive study of 136 patients with T1DM from 5 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years (range 8-19). Inclusion criteria were more than 6 months from diagnosis, more than 8 years old and without cognitive problems...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075422/inflammation-cardiometabolic-markers-and-functional-changes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-12-month-exercise-program-for-prostate-cancer-men
#2
Katarzyna Hojan, Eliza Kwiatkowska-Borowczyk, Ewa Leporowska, Piotr Milecki
INTRODUCTION    Previous studies have shown that physical exercise in cancer patients during radiotherapy (RT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves cardiac fitness and quality of life (QoL), and reduces fatigue but it is still not entirely known how it affects inflammation or metabolic factors and what its consequences are in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. OBJECTIVES    Effect of a 12-month physical exercise program on inflammatory and cardiometabolic factors, and on functional status in PCa patients undergoing RT and ADT...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068675/nutrition-habits-and-health-outcomes-of-breastfeeding-hiv-positive-mothers-in-the-dschang-health-district-west-region-cameroon
#3
Martin Sanou Sobze, Tsi Kien-Atsu, Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Armand TiotsiaTsapi, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Sali Ben Bechir, Augusto Pana, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
BACKGROUND: Amongst the different at-risk periods for mother-to-child HIV transmission that is, during pregnancy, labor and delivery and breastfeeding, much care and attention needs to be given, not only to the child as concerns its feeding options, but also to the mother. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional habits and health outcomes of HIV-positive breastfeeding mothers in the Dschang Health District, in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048700/tu-d-bra-00-treatment-planning-system-commissioning-and-qa
#4
Greg Salomons
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048163/th-f-202-01-mri-basics
#5
W Miller
: MRI has excellent soft tissue contrast and can provide both anatomical and physiological information. It is becoming increasingly important in radiation therapy for treatment planning, image-guided radiation therapy, and treatment assessment. It is critically important at this time point to educate and update our medical physicists about MRI to prepare for the upcoming surge of MRI applications in radiation therapy. This session will review important basics of MR physics, pulse sequence designs, and current radiotherapy application, as well as showcase exciting new developments in MRI that can be potentially useful in radiation therapy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048038/tu-d-bra-01-tps-commissioning-and-qa-planning-and-monitoring
#6
G Salomons
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047638/su-f-p-09-a-global-medical-physics-collaboration-for-implementation-of-modern-radiotherapy-in-botswana
#7
R Makufa, M Bvochora-Nsingo, T Karumekayi, R J Schneider, J A Efstathiou, S Dryden-Peterson, A Odom, A Shulman, Y Pipman, D P Gierga
PURPOSE: The global burden of cancer is considerable, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute have partnered with the oncology community and government of Botswana to form BOTSOGO (BOTSwana Oncology Global Outreach) to address the rising burden of cancer in Botswana. Currently, radiation therapy (RT) is only available at a single linear accelerator (LINAC) in Gaborone Private Hospital (GPH). BOTSOGO worked to limit the absence of RT during a LINAC upgrade and ensure a safe transition to modern radiotherapy techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047481/th-f-202-02-current-applications-of-mri-in-radiotherapy
#8
G Li
: MRI has excellent soft tissue contrast and can provide both anatomical and physiological information. It is becoming increasingly important in radiation therapy for treatment planning, image-guided radiation therapy, and treatment assessment. It is critically important at this time point to educate and update our medical physicists about MRI to prepare for the upcoming surge of MRI applications in radiation therapy. This session will review important basics of MR physics, pulse sequence designs, and current radiotherapy application, as well as showcase exciting new developments in MRI that can be potentially useful in radiation therapy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047373/tu-d-bra-02-recommendations-of-mppg-5-and-practical-implementation-strategies
#9
J Smilowitz
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047064/th-f-202-00-mri-for-radiation-therapy
#10
Jing Cai
: MRI has excellent soft tissue contrast and can provide both anatomical and physiological information. It is becoming increasingly important in radiation therapy for treatment planning, image-guided radiation therapy, and treatment assessment. It is critically important at this time point to educate and update our medical physicists about MRI to prepare for the upcoming surge of MRI applications in radiation therapy. This session will review important basics of MR physics, pulse sequence designs, and current radiotherapy application, as well as showcase exciting new developments in MRI that can be potentially useful in radiation therapy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047034/we-d-204-02-errors-and-process-improvements-in-radiation-therapy
#11
D Fontenla
: Speakers in this session will present overview and details of a specific rotation or feature of their Medical Physics Residency Program that is particularly exceptional and noteworthy. The featured rotations include foundational topics executed with exceptional acumen and innovative educational rotations perhaps not commonly found in Medical Physics Residency Programs. A site-specific clinical rotation will be described, where the medical physics resident follows the physician and medical resident for two weeks into patient consultations, simulation sessions, target contouring sessions, planning meetings with dosimetry, patient follow up visits, and tumor boards, to gain insight into the thought processes of the radiation oncologist...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046826/th-f-202-03-advances-in-mri-for-radiation-therapy
#12
J Cai
: MRI has excellent soft tissue contrast and can provide both anatomical and physiological information. It is becoming increasingly important in radiation therapy for treatment planning, image-guided radiation therapy, and treatment assessment. It is critically important at this time point to educate and update our medical physicists about MRI to prepare for the upcoming surge of MRI applications in radiation therapy. This session will review important basics of MR physics, pulse sequence designs, and current radiotherapy application, as well as showcase exciting new developments in MRI that can be potentially useful in radiation therapy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046707/tu-d-bra-03-tps-commissioning-and-qa-incorporating-the-entire-planning-process
#13
S Mutic
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#14
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040503/are-interferential-electrical-stimulation-and-diaphragmatic-breathing-exercises-beneficial-in-children-with-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#16
Vesna D Zivkovic, Ivona Stankovic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Mirjana Kocic, Hristina Colovic, Marina Vlajkovic, Andjelka Slavkovic, Milica Lazovic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of interferential current (IC) stimulation and diaphragmatic breathing exercises (DBE) in children with bladder and bowel dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine children with dysfunctional voiding and chronic constipation who were failures of primary care interventions were included in the prospective clinical study. All the children were checked for their medical history regarding LUTS and bowel habits. Physical examination including abdominal and anorectal digital examination were performed...
December 28, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033258/impact-of-disease-management-programs-on-metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cohort-study-in-shantou-china
#17
Kun Lin, Xiaoping Yang, Yixi Wu, Shuru Chen, Guoshu Yin, Jianjun Zhan, Chujia Lin, Wencan Xu, Yongsong Chen, Dan Lin, Peiwen Xie, Yishan Fang, Qiuqiang Lin, Shaoda Lin
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of diabetes disease management program (DMP) on glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients in Shantou China.A sample of 240 participants recruited from 3C study Shantou subgroup was followed up in DMP for 3 years. The DMP provided self-management education, individualized therapy plan, diabetes complications screening, and laboratory examination periodical according to clinical practice guidelines. Primary outcomes were changes in hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025355/does-a-brief-educational-session-produce-positive-change-for-individuals-waiting-for-tertiary-chronic-pain-services
#18
Anne L J Burke, Linley A Denson, Jane L Mathias
OBJECTIVES: To examine: 1) whether a single brief pre-clinic educational session improved the well-being and quality of life of individuals entering the wait-list for a tertiary chronic pain (CP) service; and 2) the impact of waiting for services on these outcomes. METHODS: Participants were 346 adults, with basic English skills and non-urgent triage codes, who were recruited on referral to a tertiary Australian metropolitan CP unit. Participants were randomized across two conditions: "treatment as usual" (normal wait-list) and "experimental" (normal wait-list plus a 3-hour CP educational session)...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938405/effect-of-a-web-based-audit-and-feedback-intervention-with-outreach-visits-on-the-clinical-performance-of-multidisciplinary-teams-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#19
Wouter T Gude, Mariëtte M van Engen-Verheul, Sabine N van der Veer, Hareld M C Kemps, Monique W M Jaspers, Nicolette F de Keizer, Niels Peek
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a web-based audit and feedback (A&F) intervention with outreach visits to support decision-making by multidisciplinary teams. METHODS: We performed a multicentre cluster-randomized trial within the field of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in the Netherlands. Our participants were multidisciplinary teams in Dutch CR centres who were enrolled in the study between July 2012 and December 2013 and received the intervention for at least 1 year...
December 9, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915355/perspectives-on-teaching-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-model-to-physical-therapy-students
#20
Cheryl Peters-Brinkerhoff
BACKGROUND: During a reaccreditation visit, deficiencies were discovered in the clinical education curriculum regarding patient-centered care in a Doctorate of Physical Therapy program. To understand the problem and address those deficiencies, the clinical internship experience was examined using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model as a conceptual framework for clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative case study aimed to study (1) perceptions of physical therapy (PT) students regarding their knowledge and learning experiences during clinical affiliations and what knowledge they acquired of the ICF as applied to patient-centered care during their internship, and (2) the perceptions of clinical instructors (CIs) of their knowledge of the ICF model, its integration into their practice, barriers to its use, and the learning experiences the CIs provided to students regarding the ICF model...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
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