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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141626/health-related-quality-of-life-of-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-a-university-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia
#1
Abdrrahman Shemsu Surur, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Wondwessen Wale, Yihenew Ayalew, Betel Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy improves the longevity of patients living with HIV/AIDS. We conducted the study in order to assess health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients and the association of socio-demographic and disease related variables with health related quality of life. METHODS: Health facility based cross-sectional study among 400 HIV/AIDS patients taking highly active anti-retroviral therapy from Gondar University referral hospital was conducted...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138217/effectiveness-of-interprofessional-education-in-renal-physiology-curricula-for-health-sciences-graduate-students
#2
Lisa M Harrison-Bernard, Mihran V Naljayan, Jane M Eason, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
The primary purpose of conducting an interprofessional education (IPE) experience during the renal physiology block of a graduate-level course was to provide basic science, physical therapy, and physician assistant graduate students with an opportunity to work as a team in the diagnosis, treatment, and collaborative care of a patient with acute kidney injury. The secondary purpose was to enhance the understanding of basic renal physiology principles with a patient case presentation of renal pathophysiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135752/experiences-and-shared-meaning-of-teamwork-and-interprofessional-collaboration-among-health-care-professionals-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#3
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131737/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#4
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#5
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119827/a-two-week-inpatient-programme-with-a-booster-improved-long-term-management-of-severe-chronic-paediatric-pain
#6
János Major, Zsófia K Varga, Andrea Gyimesi-Szikszai, Szilvia Ádám
In the context of limited healthcare resources and increasing demands for more cost-effective healthcare solutions, this study assessed the short- and long-term clinical outcomes and resource utilization of a two-week inpatient, interdisciplinary, pain treatment (IIPT) including individual and group cognitive behavioural, occupational, physical and recreational therapy, education and family intervention and a booster in the chronic paediatric pain setting. Using a longitudinal design with a two-year follow-up, two-week IIPT resulted in sustainable improvements in mean and maximum pain intensity, physical functioning and internalization and reductions in the mean number of medical visits, school absence and frequency of pain medication at year 2 following IIPT...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111859/effect-of-physical-therapy-management-of-nonspecific-low-back-pain-with-exercise-addiction-behaviors-a-case-series
#7
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Murugavel Manivasagam, Vivian Tie Suk Kee, Uta Meyding-Lamade
This case series describes two patients, aged 35 and 45 years, respectively, who presented with chronic nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP) having exercise addiction (EA) behaviors. Diagnosis of EA was based on clinical findings, exercising patterns and withdrawal symptoms along with high scores in the EA inventory. This report is a potential first-time description of the successful physical therapy management of NSLBP associated with EA utilizing pain neuroscience education (with individualized curriculum), mindfulness, breathing, quota-based reduction in exercises and modification of exercises into social participation, pleasure activities and hobbies...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111011/improvement-of-quality-of-life-and-its-relationship-with-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-starting-treatment-with-natalizumab-a-3-year-follow-up-multicentric-study
#8
Vincent Planche, Xavier Moisset, Remy Morello, Emilie Dumont, Marion Gibelin, Julie Charré-Morin, Aurore Saubusse, Audrey Mondou, Françoise Reuter, Gilles Defer, Jean Pelletier, Bruno Brochet, Pierre Clavelou
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is impaired in multiple sclerosis (MS) but can be improved by disease-modifying therapies such as natalizumab. However, the predictive factors and neuropsychiatric correlates of HRQoL improvement are unknown. METHODS: In this study, 48 patients with relapsing-remitting MS were included in a 3-year open-label, single group, multicenter, clinical trial (NCT01392872). HRQoL was measured by the disease-specific MusiQoL questionnaire, together with physical disability, cognition, fatigue, anxiety and depression scores at baseline, 6months, 12months, 18months and 36months after starting natalizumab therapy...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106452/acute-aortic-syndromes-diagnosis-and-management-an-update
#9
Eduardo Bossone, Troy M LaBounty, Kim A Eagle
Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) encompass a constellation of life-threatening medical conditions including classic acute aortic dissection (AAD), intramural haematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. Given the non-specific symptoms and physical signs, a high clinical index of suspicion is necessary to detect the disease before irreversible lethal complications occur. In order to reduce the diagnostic time delay, a comprehensive flowchart for decision-making based on pre-test sensitivity of AAS has been designed by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on aortic diseases and should be thus applied in the emergency scenario...
June 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#10
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083262/-more-effort-and-more-time-considerations-in-the-establishment-of-interprofessional-education-programs-in-the-workplace
#11
Fiona Kent, Katrina Nankervis, Christina Johnson, Marisa Hodgkinson, Julie Baulch, Terry Haines
The argument for integrating interprofessional education (IPE) activities into the workplace has been made concurrently with the call for collaborative clinical practice. An exploratory case study investigation of existing activities in a large metropolitan health care network was undertaken to inform the development of future IPE initiatives. Purposive sampling invited clinicians involved in the design or delivery of workplace IPE activities to participate in a semi-structured interview to discuss their existing programs and the opportunities and challenges facing future work...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072421/anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-levant
#12
Reem Akel, Haidar El Darsa, Bilal Anouti, Deborah Mukherji, Sally Temraz, Rasha Raslan, Arafat Tfayli, Hazem Assi
Background: Limited data are currently available regarding the psychological well-being and quality of life of breast cancer patients after active treatment in Lebanon and the Arab region in general. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression among Arab breast cancer patients and assess the quality of life with reference to socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among female breast cancer patients diagnosed between January 2009 and March 2014, who were recruited from the outpatient clinics of Naef K...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#13
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051405/suggestion-of-standard-clinical-practice-curriculum-and-learning-objectives-of-physical-therapy-education-in-korea
#14
Tae Young Oh, Kyung Soon Lee, Byung Jo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049421/complementary-religious-and-spiritual-interventions-in-physical-health-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#15
REVIEW
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035640/patients-acceptance-of-the-use-of-serious-games-in-physical-rehabilitation-in-morocco
#16
Bruno Bonnechère, Mélissa Van Vooren, Bart Jansen, Jan S Van Sint, Mohamed Rahmoun, Maryam Fourtassi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether serious games especially customized for physical rehabilitation could be used in daily clinics with patients who are not familiar with informatics and/or new technologies and whether such a clinical approach would be culturally acceptable within a North African population to plan further clinical distribution if the hypothesis appears to be positive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients participated in this study...
October 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030753/successful-implementation-of-virtual-environment-for-radiotherapy-training-vert-in-medical-physics-education-the-university-of-sydney-s-initial-experience-and-recommendations
#17
Yobelli A Jimenez, Christian Rønn Hansen, Prabhjot Juneja, David I Thwaites
This report outlines the University of Sydney's initial experience with the Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) system in the Master of Medical Physics program. VERT is a commercially available system, simulating linear accelerators, patient computed tomography (CT) sets, plans and treatment delivery. It was purpose built for radiation therapy (RT) education and offers learners the opportunity to gain knowledge and skills within an interactive, risk-free environment. The integration of VERT into the RT physics module of the Master of Medical Physics program was intended to enhance student knowledge and skills relevant to the curriculum's learning objectives, and to alleviate some of the burden associated with student access to clinical equipment...
October 13, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983956/transitional-dialysis-care-units-a-new-approach-to-increase-home-dialysis-modality-uptake-and-patient-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
José A Morfín, Alex Yang, Elizabeth Wang, Brigitte Schiller
Home hemodialysis (HHD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) are associated with better clinical outcomes, lower hospitalization rates, and improved quality of life compared with conventional in-center hemodialysis. However, <12% of patients requiring dialysis therapy use HHD or PD in the United States, even though over 90% of nephrologists would choose home-based dialysis modalities for themselves. Inadequate patient education and decision-making support are key barriers to patients choosing home-based therapy...
October 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961620/physician-assistant-doctorate-a-ticket-to-autonomy
#19
Anthony A Miller, Bettie Coplan
As the physician assistant (PA) profession celebrates 5 decades of practice, questions about the future direction of PA education and practice persist. Conversations regarding prescribing privileges have given way to debate about PA certification and the necessary level of PA education. Most PA programs already confer master's degrees, but there has been at times vigorous debate on whether or not the PA profession should join pharmacy (PharmD), physical therapy (DPT), and advanced practice nursing (DNP) and standardize education at the clinical doctorate level...
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947117/making-a-measurable-difference-in-advanced-huntington-disease-care
#20
Carol Brown Moskowitz, Ashwini K Rao
Neurologists' role in the care of people with advanced Huntington disease (HD) (total functional capacity <7), often limited by a lack of clinical research to support good practice, includes the following: (1) provide comprehensive health records to an interdisciplinary care staff before admission to a more intense care setting (home health services, day program, assisted living, group home, long-term skilled nursing facility, palliative care); (2) consult with and refer to rehabilitation (occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech and language pathology), behavioral and psychiatric professionals for problem-solving strategies, which must be reviewed with direct care staff before implementation; (3) encourage and support qualitative and quantitative interdisciplinary research studies, and randomized controlled studies of nonpharmacologic interventions; and (4) assist in the development of meaningful measures to further document what works to provide a good quality of life for the patient and family and a comfortable thoughtful approach to a good death...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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