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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643461/single-enzyme-biofuel-cells
#1
Chao Ji, Jingwei Hou, Kai Wang, Yun Hau Ng, Vicki Chen
Here, we firstly demonstrate that the intramolecular electron transfer within signle enzyme molecule is an important alternative pathway which can be harnessed to generate electricity. By decoupling the redox reactions within a single type of enzyme (e.g., Trametes versicolor laccase), we harvested electricity efficiently from unconventional fuels including recalcitrant pollutants (e.g. bisphenol-A and hydroquinon) in a single-laccase biofuel cell. The intramolecular electron-harnessing concept was further demonstrated with other enzymes, including power generation during CO2 bioconversion to formate catalyzed by formate dehydrogenase from Candida boidinii...
June 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613329/mono-and-di-nuclear-re-i-complexes-and-the-role-of-protonable-nitrogen-atoms-in-quenching-emission-by-hydroquinone
#2
Karina P Morelli Frin, Rafael M de Almeida
Mono-nuclear fac-[Re(CO)3(ph2phen)(4,4'-bpy)](+) and di-nuclear [(ph2phen)(CO)3Re(4,4'-bpy)Re(ph2phen)(CO)3](2+) complexes, ph2phen = 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline and 4,4'-bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine, were synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, UV-visible and FT-IR spectroscopy. Also, their photophysical properties were investigated using steady-state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy. Both complexes showed UV absorption assigned to intraligand, (1)ILph2phen, and metal-to-ligand charge transfer, (1)MLCTRe→ph2phen, transitions, and typical (3)MLCTRe→ph2phen emission (ϕ = 0...
June 14, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607861/a-deceptively-simple-solution-for-refractory-melasma-glycolic-acid-peels-and-hydroquinone-at-home
#3
Takanobu Mashiko, Aiko Oka, Ema Osawa, Isao Koshima
Although various treatment methods for melasma have developed, substantial improvement of the condition is sometimes difficult. We have experientially found that some of refractory melasma caused by daily friction can easily be treated by using a combination of a peeling agent (20% glycolic acid) and a depigmenting agent (5% hydroquinone) twice daily at home. And here, by performing skin biopsies, we revealed the pathological mechanism: hyperkeratosis caused by repeated physical stimulus, which prevents infiltration of topical therapeutic agents, was dramatically reduced by chemical peeling, resulting that the melanin pigments were effectively cleared by topical hydroquinone...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605976/anti-mutagenic-potential-of-algal-extracts-on-chromosomal-aberrations-in-allium-cepa-l
#4
Hoda Anwer Mansour, Hala Mahfouz, Nesma Maher
In the present study, sodium azide (SA) toxicity and the anti-mutagenic effects of different algal extracts at 0.1% and 0.2% concentrations were studied on the mitotic index (MI), chromosomal and nuclear aberrations using Allium cepa L. root assay. Moreover, phytochemical screening of photosynthetic pigments, antioxidants compounds, total antioxidant, DPPH scavenging activity, polysaccharides, and phenolic contents were done for two red seaweeds (Laurencia obtusa (Hudson) Lamouroux and Polysiphonia morrowii Harvey) and for one brown seaweed (Dictyopteris delicatula Lamouroux)...
June 2017: Acta Biologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586208/measurement-and-modeling-of-setschenow-constants-for-selected-hydrophilic-compounds-in-nacl-and-cacl2-simulated-carbon-storage-brines
#5
Aniela Burant, Gregory V Lowry, Athanasios K Karamalidis
Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), a climate change mitigation strategy, along with unconventional oil and gas extraction, generates enormous volumes of produced water containing high salt concentrations and a litany of organic compounds. Understanding the aqueous solubility of organic compounds related to these operations is important for water treatment and reuse alternatives, as well as risk assessment purposes. The well-established Setschenow equation can be used to determine the effect of salts on aqueous solubility...
June 6, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585648/the-controlled-synthesis-of-pillar-6-arene-based-hexagonal-cylindrical-structures-on-an-electrode-surface-via-electrochemical-oxidation
#6
Chiaki Tsuneishi, Yuki Koizumi, Ryuta Sueto, Hiroki Nishiyama, Kazuma Yasuhara, Tada-Aki Yamagishi, Tomoki Ogoshi, Ikuyoshi Tomita, Shinsuke Inagi
Electrochemical oxidation of pillar[6]arene containing six hydroquinones resulted in the formation of hexagonal cylindrical structures on an electrode surface driven by charge transfer interaction. The electrochemical approach successfully controlled the size and shape of the structures.
June 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583673/high-level-de-novo-biosynthesis-of-arbutin-in-engineered-escherichia-coli
#7
Xiaolin Shen, Jia Wang, Jian Wang, Zhenya Chen, Qipeng Yuan, Yajun Yan
Arbutin is a hydroquinone glucoside compound existing in various plants. It is widely used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries owing to its well-known skin-lightening property as well as anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, and anti-inflammatory activities. Currently, arbutin is usually produced by plant extraction or enzymatic processes, which suffer from low product yield and expensive processing cost. In this work, we established an artificial pathway in Escherichia coli for high-level production of arbutin from simple carbon sources...
June 2, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578385/%C3%AE-lapachone-suppresses-tumour-progression-by-inhibiting-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-nqo1-positive-breast-cancers
#8
Yang Yang, Xianchun Zhou, Ming Xu, Junjie Piao, Yuan Zhang, Zhenhua Lin, Liyan Chen
NQO1 is a FAD-binding protein that can form homodimers and reduce quinones to hydroquinones, and a growing body of evidence currently suggests that NQO1 is dramatically elevated in solid cancers. Here, we demonstrated that NQO1 was elevated in breast cancer and that its expression level was positively correlated with invasion and reduced disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates. Next, we found that β-lapachone exerted significant anti-proliferation and anti-metastasis effects in breast cancer cell lines due to its effects on NQO1 expression...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557170/phenolic-compounds-inhibit-the-aldose-reductase-enzyme-from-the-sheep-kidney
#9
Yeliz Demir, Mesut Işık, İlhami Gülçin, Şükrü Beydemir
Aldose reductase (AR) is the key enzyme for the polyol pathway and responsible for sorbitol accumulation during the hyperglycemia. The present article focuses on the role of phenol, pyrogallol, hydroquinone, resorcinol, catechol, and phloroglucinol in in vitro inhibition of AR. For this purpose, AR was purified from the sheep kidney with 5.33 EU mg(-1) specific activity and 0.64% yield using several chromatographic methods. Various concentrations of the compounds were tested on in vitro AR activity. IC50 values were found for phenol, pyrogallol, hydroquinone, resorcinol, catechol, and phloroglucinol as 6...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553632/hydroquinone-a-novel-bioactive-compound-from-plant-derived-smoke-can-cue-seed-germination-of-lettuce
#10
Muhammad Kamran, Abdul L Khan, Liaqat Ali, Javid Hussain, Muhammad Waqas, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Qari M Imran, Yoon-Ha Kim, Sang-Mo Kang, Byung-Wook Yun, In-Jung Lee
Plant-derived smoke has been known to play an important role in distribution and growth of vegetation. Using a proficiently designed furnace, we extracted smoke from the leaves of four plant viz. Helianthus annuus,Aloe vera,Ginkgo biloba, and Cymbopogon jwarancusa. Smoke dilutions obtained from these plants were obtained in different concentrations to identify potential lettuce growth promoting smoke solution. Results revealed that smoke obtained from G. biloba significantly enhanced the lettuce seed germination...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545531/selection-and-characterization-of-alanine-racemase-inhibitors-against-aeromonas-hydrophila
#11
Yaping Wang, Chao Yang, Wen Xue, Ting Zhang, Xipei Liu, Jiansong Ju, Baohua Zhao, Dong Liu
BACKGROUND: Combining experimental and computational screening methods has been of keen interest in drug discovery. In the present study, we developed an efficient screening method that has been used to screen 2100 small-molecule compounds for alanine racemase Alr-2 inhibitors. RESULTS: We identified ten novel non-substrate Alr-2 inhibitors, of which patulin, homogentisic acid, and hydroquinone were active against Aeromonas hydrophila. The compounds were found to be capable of inhibiting Alr-2 to different extents with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) ranging from 6...
May 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544368/catalytic-electrophilic-alkylation-of-p-quinones-via-a-redox-chain-reaction
#12
Xiao-Long Xu, Zhi Li
Allylation and benzylation of p-quinones is achieved by an unusual redox chain reaction. Mechanistic studies suggest that the trace existence of hydroquinone initiates a redox chain reaction that consists of a Lewis acid-catalyzed Friedel-Crafts alkylation and a subsequent redox equilibrium that regenerates hydroquinone. The electrophiles could be various allylic and benzylic esters. Addition of Hantzsch ester as initiator improves the efficiency of the reaction.
May 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531986/biomimicking-synthesis-of-photoluminescent-molecular-lantern-catalyzed-by-in-situ-formation-of-nanogold-catalysts
#13
Yong Yu, Xin Ting Zheng, Boon Wei Yee, Yen Nee Tan
Bioluminescence has been widely recognized as a powerful imaging tool for biological investigations. Synthesis of molecular lanterns that mimic bioluminescence in nature is of great interest. Herein we report a synthesis of molecular lantern by utilizing the catalytic properties of ultrasmall (<2nm) gold nanoclusters (AuNC), which is inspired by the enzymatic light-up of luciferin in the biological system. Small molecules such as hydroquinone and Cys-Gly peptides are used to direct the synthesis of AuNC via a biotemplating approach, while the in-situ formation of AuNC simultaneously catalyze the formation of luciferin-like, brightly fluorescent dye (λem=520nm, QY=0...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530822/synthesis-and-membrane-properties-of-sulfonated-poly-arylene-ether-sulfone-statistical-copolymers-for-electrolysis-of-water-influence-of-meta-and-para-substituted-comonomers
#14
Amin Daryaei, Gregory C Miller, Jason Willey, Shreya Roy Choudhury, Britannia Vondrasek, Dana Kazerooni, Matthew R Burtner, Cortney Mittelsteadt, John J Lesko, Judy S Riffle, James E McGrath
Two series of high molecular weight disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) random copolymers were synthesized as proton exchange membranes for high-temperature water electrolyzers. These copolymers differ based on the position of the ether bonds on the aromatic rings. One series is comprised of fully para-substituted hydroquinone comonomer, and the other series incorporated 25 mol % of a meta-substituted comonomer resorcinol and 75 mol % hydroquinone. The influence of the substitution position on water uptake and electrochemical properties of the membranes were investigated and compared to that of the state-of-the-art membrane Nafion...
June 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527898/triterpenes-and-meroterpenes-from-ganoderma-lucidum-with-inhibitory-activity-against-hmgs-reductase-aldose-reductase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase
#15
Baosong Chen, Jin Tian, Jinjin Zhang, Kai Wang, Li Liu, Bo Yang, Li Bao, Hongwei Liu
Seven new compounds including four lanostane triterpenoids, lucidenic acids Q-S (1-3) and methyl ganoderate P (4), and three triterpene-farnesyl hydroquinone conjugates, ganolucinins A-C (5-7), one new natural product ganomycin J (8), and 73 known compounds (9-81) were isolated from fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum. The structures of the compounds 1-8 were determined by spectroscopic methods. Bioactivities of compounds isolated were assayed against HMG-CoA reductase, aldose reductase, α-glucosidase, and PTP1B...
May 17, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525621/ros-induced-store-operated-ca2-entry-coupled-to-parp-1-hyperactivation-is-independent-of-parg-activity-in-necrotic-cell-death
#16
Frances M Munoz, Fengjiao Zhang, Argel Islas-Robles, Serrine S Lau, Terrence J Monks
2,3,5-tris(Glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone (TGHQ), a potent nephrotoxic and nephrocarcinogenic metabolite of benzene and hydroquinone, generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing DNA strand breaks and the subsequent activation of DNA repair enzymes, including poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1. Under robust oxidative DNA damage, PARP-1 is hyperactivated, resulting in the depletion of NAD+ and ATP with accompanying elevations in intracellular calcium concentrations (iCa2+), and ultimately necrotic cell death...
May 19, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522197/identification-of-the-upstream-4-chlorophenol-biodegradation-pathway-using-a-recombinant-monooxygenase-from-arthrobacter-chlorophenolicus-a6
#17
Su Yeon Cho, Oh Sung Kwean, Jun Won Yang, Wooyoun Cho, Seonyeong Kwak, Sungyoon Park, Yejee Lim, Han S Kim
This study aimed to clarify the initial 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) biodegradation pathway promoted by a two-component flavin-diffusible monooxygenase (TC-FDM) consisting of CphC-I and CphB contained in Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6 and the decomposition function of CphC-I. The TC-FDM genes were cloned from A. chlorophenolicus A6, and the corresponding enzymes were overexpressed. Since CphB was expressed in an insoluble form, Fre, a flavin reductase obtained from Escherichia coli, was used. These enzymes were purified using Ni(2+)-NTA resin...
May 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520391/reaction-layer-imaging-using-fluorescence-electrochemical-microscopy
#18
Minjun Yang, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Enno Kätelhön, Richard G Compton
The chemical confinement of a pH sensitive fluorophore to a thin-reaction layer adjacent to an electrode surface is explored as a potentially innovative route to improving the spatial resolution of fluorescence electrochemical microscopy. A thin layer opto-electrochemical cell is designed, facilitating the visualization of a carbon fiber (diameter 7.0 μm) electrochemical interface. Proton consumption is driven at the interface by the reduction of benzoquinone to hydroquinone and the resulting interfacial pH change is revealed using the fluorophore 8-hydoxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid...
May 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512843/assessment-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-complex-skin-cream-in-asian-women-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Yu Seok Jung, Ji Hae Lee, Jung Min Bae, Dong Won Lee, Gyong Moon Kim
BACKGROUND: Medical products such as hydroquinone and tretinoin have been widely used to treat various types of skin hyperpigmentation. However, these products are limited in daily use given their adverse effects. Other alternative agents with fewer adverse side effects have been developed. However, single agents often do not produce satisfactory results. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new brightening complex cream containing niacinamide, tranexamic acid, oxyresveratrol, glutathione disulfide, and linoleic acid...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511990/corrigendum-to-inhibition-of-autophagy-enhances-hydroquinone-induced-tk6-cell-death-toxicol-in-vitro-41-2017-123-132
#20
Longmei Xu, Jiaxian Liu, Yuting Chen, Lin Yun, Shaoyun Chen, Kairu Zhou, Bei Lai, Li Song, Hui Yang, Hairong Liang, Huanwen Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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