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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149019/incidence-and-consequences-of-near-drowning-related-pneumonia-a-descriptive-series-from-martinique-french-west-indies
#1
Laura Cerland, Bruno Mégarbane, Hatem Kallel, Yanick Brouste, Hossein Mehdaoui, Dabor Resiere
Drowning represents one major cause of accidental death. Near-drowning patients are exposed to aspiration that may result in pneumonia with life-threatening consequences. We designed this descriptive study to investigate the frequency, nature, and consequences of post-drowning pneumonia. One hundred and forty-four near-drowning patients (33 children and 111 adults) admitted during four years to the University Hospital of Martinique, French Indies, were included. Patients presented pre-hospital cardiac arrest (41%) and exhibited acute respiratory failure (54%), cardiovascular failure (27%), and lactic acidosis (75%) on admission...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135974/early-meteorological-records-from-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-during-the-18th-and-19th-centuries
#2
Fernando Domínguez-Castro, José Manuel Vaquero, María Cruz Gallego, Ana María Marín Farrona, Juan Carlos Antuña-Marrero, Erika Elizabeth Cevallos, Ricardo García Herrera, Cristina de la Guía, Raúl David Mejía, José Manuel Naranjo, María Del Rosario Prieto, Luis Enrique Ramos Guadalupe, Lizardo Seiner, Ricardo Machado Trigo, Marcos Villacís
This paper provides early instrumental data recovered for 20 countries of Latin-America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, British Guiana, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, France (Martinique and Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Suriname) during the 18th and 19th centuries. The main meteorological variables retrieved were air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation, but other variables, such as humidity, wind direction, and state of the sky were retrieved when possible...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121918/-no-generics-doctor-the-perspective-of-general-practitioners-in-two-french-regions
#3
Béatrice Riner, Adèle Bussy, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Nycrees Moueza, Sébastien Lamy, Philippe Carrère
BACKGROUND: Generic medicines are essential to controlling health expenditures. Their market share is still small in France. The discourse and practices of prescribers may play a major role in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of general practitioners (GPs) toward generic medicines in two French regions with the lowest penetration rate of these products. METHODS: An observational study was carried out from October 2015 to February 2016 in Guadeloupe and Martinique...
November 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081401/inadequate-drug-prescribing-comparison-of-inappropriate-drug-rates-at-the-end-of-a-geriatric-short-stay-service-with-three-prescribing-tools
#4
Jean-Luc Fanon, Sandra Dechavigny, Moustapha Dramé, Lidvine Godaert
To compare the proportion of prescriptions containing at least one inappropriate drug, as identified using three tools for optimizing drug prescriptions in the elderly. Cross-sectional, observational study based on the analysis of prescriptions of patients discharged between 1 September and 31 October 2014 in a short-stay geriatrics unit at the Louis Domergue de Trinité Hospital in Martinique (France). Each prescription was analysed using 3 tools, namely one for general medicine (Vidal © drug dictionary) and two tools specifically designed for geriatrics (the Laroche list of potentially inappropriate medications, and the STOPP-START toolkit)...
October 27, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079623/abundance-and-multilocus-sequence-analysis-of-vibrio-associated-with-diseased-elkhorn-coral-acropora-palmata-of-the-florida-keys
#5
Keri M Kemp, Jason R Westrich, Magdy S Alabady, Martinique L Edwards, Erin K Lipp
The critically endangered elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata, is affected by white pox disease (WPX) throughout the Florida Reef Tract and wider Caribbean. The bacterium Serratia marcescens was previously identified as one etiologic agent of WPX, but is no longer consistently detected in contemporary outbreaks. It is now believed that multiple etiologic agents cause WPX; however, to date, no other potential pathogens have been thoroughly investigated. This study examined the association of Vibrio bacteria with WPX occurrence from August 2012--2014 at Looe Key Reef in the Florida Keys, USA...
October 27, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020245/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-associated-with-zika-virus-infection-in-martinique-in-2016-a-prospective-study
#6
Benoît Rozé, Fatiha Najioullah, Jean-Louis Fergé, Frédérique Dorléans, Kossivi Apetse, Jose-Luis Barnay, Elise Daudens-Vaysse, Yannick Brouste, Raymond Césaire, Laurence Fagour, Ruddy Valentino, Martine Ledrans, Hossein Mehdaoui, Sylvie Abel, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Aissatou Signate, André Cabié
Background: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been reported to be associated with Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in case reports and retrospective studies, mostly on the basis of serological tests, with the problematic cross-reacting antibodies of the Flavivirus genus. Some GBS cases do not exhibit a high level of diagnostic certainty. This prospective study aimed to describe the clinical profiles and the frequency of GBS associated with ZIKV during the ZIKV outbreak in Martinique in 2016...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969691/pregnancy-associated-cancer-in-the-french-west-indies-martinique-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#7
Kathleen Melan, Jean-Luc Volumenie, Gaël Wan-Ajouhu, Stephen Ulric-Gervaise, Jacqueline Veronique-Baudin, Clarisse Joachim
BACKGROUND: The management of pregnancy-associated-cancer (PAC) requires epidemiological evaluation of the pathways of care. The aim of this study was to describe maternal and neonatal outcomes of PAC in Martinique. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data from medical records and the Martinique Cancer Registry for all PAC diagnosed between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2014. RESULTS: Eighteen women were diagnosed with PAC: 17 during pregnancy and one during the postpartum period...
October 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940357/atypical-clinical-presentations-of-acute-phase-chikungunya-virus-infection-in-older-adults
#8
Lidvine Godaert, Fatiha Najioullah, Seendy Bartholet, Sébastien Colas, Sergio Yactayo, André Cabié, Jean-Luc Fanon, Raymond Césaire, Moustapha Dramé
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether the presentation of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection differs between older and younger adults with regard to clinical form during the acute phase defined by the World Health Organization: acute clinical, atypical, and severe acute. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, retrospective. SETTING: University Hospital of Martinique. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (n = 267, mean age 80...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931960/schusteria-marina-sp-nov-acari-oribatida-selenoribatidae-an-intertidal-mite-from-caribbean-coasts-with-remarks-on-taxonomy-biogeography-and-ecology
#9
Tobias Pfingstl, Andrea Lienhard
Schusteria marina sp. nov. is a newly discovered intertidal mite species found on the Lesser Antillean Islands of Martinique and Grenada. It represents the first record of the genus Schusteria within the Caribbean area. Schusteria marina sp. nov. is very similar to the type species, S. littorea from Brazil, but can be distinguished by its smaller body size, a median sternal dark sclerotized small ridge on epimeron I and a few other less pronounced differences. Both species are closely related and form a Western Atlantic Schusteria clade, which is characterized by the possession of a pair of faint anterior epimeral ridges...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902276/first-detection-of-dengue-and-chikungunya-viruses-in-natural-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-in-martinique-during-the-2013-2015-concomitant-outbreak
#10
Laurence Farraudière, Fabrice Sonor, Said Crico, Manuel Étienne, Laurence Mousson, Rodolphe Hamel, Dorothée Missé, Anna-Bella Failloux, Frédéric Simard, André Yébakima
Dengue and chikungunya viruses are transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. In Martinique, an island of the French West Indies, Aedes aegypti is the suspected vector of both arboviruses; there is no Aedes albopictus on the island. During the concomitant outbreak of 2013 - 2015, the authors collected wild A. aegypti populations, and for the first time, detected dengue and chikungunya viruses in field-collected females. This paper demonstrates the mosquito's role in transmission of both dengue and chikungunya on the island, and also highlights a tool that public health authorities can use for preventing outbreaks...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890409/the-strocss-statement-strengthening-the-reporting-of-cohort-studies-in-surgery
#11
Riaz Ahmed Agha, Mimi R Borrelli, Martinique Vella-Baldacchino, Rachel Thavayogan, Dennis P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The development of reporting guidelines over the past 20 years represents a major advance in scholarly publishing with recent evidence showing positive impacts. Whilst over 350 reporting guidelines exist, there are few that are specific to surgery. Here we describe the development of the STROCSS guideline (Strengthening the Reporting of Cohort Studies in Surgery). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We published our protocol apriori. Current guidelines for case series (PROCESS), cohort studies (STROBE) and randomised controlled trials (CONSORT) were analysed to compile a list of items which were used as baseline material for developing a suitable checklist for surgical cohort guidelines...
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864878/self-rated-health-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-and-long-term-mortality-in-older-afro-caribbeans-hospitalised-via-the-emergency-department
#12
Lidvine Godaert, C Godard-Sebillotte, L Allard Saint-Albin, L Bousquet, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J-L Fanon, M Dramé
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-rated health (SRH) is an independent predictor for mortality in older Afro-Caribbean patients hospitalised for an acute condition. METHODS: Prospective cohort of patients recruited from the University Hospitals of Martinique Acute Care for Elders unit. Patients aged 75 or older and hospitalised for an acute condition were eligible. The outcome was time to death within the 36-week follow-up. SRH was the explanatory variable of interest...
September 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820696/new-surge-of-syphilis-among-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-martinique-in-2015
#13
Alain Putot, Benoît Rozé, Sandrine Pierre-François, Mathilde Pircher, Rosalie Vilain, Charline Miossec, Nicole Desbois, Patrick Hochedez, Karine Guitteaud, Ingrid Laudarin, Sylvie Abel, André Cabié
A syphilis outbreak began in Martinique, French Antilles, in 2004, initially among men who had sex with men (MSM) and who were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The outbreak subsequently affected all groups at risk, leading to a first epidemic peak in 2008. After an initial decrease, the outbreak started growing again in 2014 among patients living with HIV with unprecedented incidence among MSM. Herein, we describe the change in medical and social parameters of the outbreak since 2005.
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817648/screening-for-chikungunya-virus-infection-in-aged-people-development-and-internal-validation-of-a-new-score
#14
Lidvine Godaert, Seendy Bartholet, Fatiha Najioullah, Maxime Hentzien, Jean-Luc Fanon, Raymond Césaire, Moustapha Dramé
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to derive and validate a score for Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection screening in old people admitted to acute care units. METHODS: This study was performed in the Martinique University Hospitals from retrospective cases. Patients were aged 65+, admitted to acute care units for suspected CHIKV infection in 2014, with biological testing using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). RT-PCR was used as the gold standard...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783135/enzymatic-and-pro-inflammatory-activities-of-bothrops-lanceolatus-venom-relevance-for-envenomation
#15
Marie Delafontaine, Isadora Maria Villas-Boas, Laurence Mathieu, Patrice Josset, Joël Blomet, Denise V Tambourgi
Bothrops lanceolatus, commonly named 'Fer-de-Lance', is an endemic snake of the French Caribbean Island of Martinique. Envenomations by B. lanceolatus present clinical aspects characterized by systemic thrombotic syndrome and important local inflammation, involving edema and pain but limited hemorrhage. To investigate mechanisms of venom-induced inflammation, B. lanceolatus venom was characterized, its cross-reactivity with bothropic antivenom explored, its cytotoxicity on human keratinocytes and vascular cells, and the production of cytokines and chemokines were analyzed...
August 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782524/the-psycho-hormonal-influence-of-anaerobic-fatigue-on-semi-professional-female-soccer-players
#16
Adéle Broodryk, Cindy Pienaar, David Edwards, Martinique Sparks
Globally it is assumed that high-intensity activities are the general cause of fatigue experienced during a soccer match. However, little is known about the hormonal and psychological effects of fatigue due to these activities on semi-professional female soccer players. Forty-seven female players (22.0±2.7y) from a tertiary education institution volunteered for the study. Their cortisol values (saliva sample), anxiety [Spielberger State-trait anxiety inventory questionnaire (STAI)] and mood scores [Incredible Short Profile of Mood states questionnaire (ISP)] were taken an hour and immediately prior to, and 15min after an anaerobic fatiguing test (AFT)...
August 4, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729711/an-ecological-and-digital-epidemiology-analysis-on-the-role-of-human-behavior-on-the-2014-chikungunya-outbreak-in-martinique
#17
Benjamin Roche, Béatrice Gaillard, Lucas Léger, Renélise Pélagie-Moutenda, Thomas Sochacki, Bernard Cazelles, Martine Ledrans, Alain Blateau, Didier Fontenille, Manuel Etienne, Frédéric Simard, Marcel Salathé, André Yébakima
Understanding the spatio-temporal dynamics of endemic infections is of critical importance for a deeper understanding of pathogen transmission, and for the design of more efficient public health strategies. However, very few studies in this domain have focused on emerging infections, generating a gap of knowledge that hampers epidemiological response planning. Here, we analyze the case of a Chikungunya outbreak that occurred in Martinique in 2014. Using time series estimates from a network of sentinel practitioners covering the entire island, we first analyze the spatio-temporal dynamics and show that the largest city has served as the epicenter of this epidemic...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722564/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-chikungunya-description-of-all-cases-diagnosed-during-the-2014-outbreak-in-the-french-west-indies
#18
Stephanie Balavoine, Mathilde Pircher, Bruno Hoen, Cecile Herrmann-Storck, Fatiha Najioullah, Benjamin Madeux, Aissatou Signate, Ruddy Valentino, Annie Lannuzel, Magali Saint Louis, Sylvie Cassadou, André Cabié, Kinda Schepers
The Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been reported as a possible complication of acute chikungunya infection. The chikungunya epidemics, which occurred in Martinique and Guadeloupe in 2014, affected 308,000 people in these two islands. GBS occurred during or immediately after acute chikungunya infection in 13 patients (10 men, three women; mean age: 61 years). Median time from acute chikungunya to GBS onset was 9 days. Twelve patients were treated with intravenous polyvalent immunoglobulins, nine of whom improved within 7 days...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719311/infective-endocarditis-in-french-west-indies-a-13-year-observational-study
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Elisabeth Fernandes, Claude Olive, Jocelyn Inamo, François Roques, André Cabié, Patrick Hochedez
We conducted an observational study to describe the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in French West Indies (FWI) and to identify variables associated with in-hospital case fatality. The records of the patients admitted for IE to the University Hospital of Martinique between 2000 and 2012 were collected using an electronic case report form. Only Duke-Li definite cases were considered for this analysis. Variables associated with in-hospital mortality were tested using univariate logistic regression analysis...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699857/differences-in-the-growth-properties-of-zika-virus-foetal-brain-isolate-and-related-epidemic-strains-in-vitro
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Suvi Kuivanen, Essi M Korhonen, Alma-Aurora Helisten, Eili Huhtamo, Teemu Smura, Olli Vapalahti
Zika virus (ZIKV) has recently emerged into new areas in the Americas and Asia, causing an epidemic characterized by severe congenital infections. While ZIKV infection is usually asymptomatic or causes mild symptoms, it has now caused a high rate of foetal brain and ocular abnormalities. The underlying reasons for the varying severity of disease outcomes is poorly understood. In this study, we compared the infectivity and replication of three disease-associated Zika viruses of Asian lineage, as well as the prototypic ZIKV strain from Africa...
July 2017: Journal of General Virology
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