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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101896/adaptation-of-genetically-monomorphic-bacteria-evolution-of-copper-resistance-through-multiple-horizontal-gene-transfers-of-complex-and-versatile-mobile-genetic-elements
#1
D Richard, V Ravigné, A Rieux, B Facon, C Boyer, K Boyer, P Grygiel, S Javegny, M Terville, B I Canteros, I Robène, C Vernière, A Chabirand, O Pruvost, P Lefeuvre
Copper-based antimicrobial compounds are widely used to control plant bacterial pathogens. Pathogens have adapted in response to this selective pressure. Xanthomonas citri pv. citri, a major citrus pathogen causing Asiatic citrus canker, was first reported to carry plasmid-encoded copper resistance in Argentina. This phenotype was conferred by the copLAB gene system. The emergence of resistant strains has since been reported in Réunion and Martinique. Using microsatellite-based genotyping and copLAB PCR, we demonstrated that the genetic structure of the copper-resistant strains from these three regions was made up of two distant clusters and varied for the detection of copLAB amplicons...
January 19, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093539/leishmaniasis-in-thailand-a-review-of-causative-agents-and-situations
#2
REVIEW
Saovanee Leelayoova, Suradej Siripattanapipong, Jipada Manomat, Phunlerd Piyaraj, Peerapan Tan-Ariya, Lertwut Bualert, Mathirut Mungthin
Before 1999, leishmaniasis was considered an imported disease in Thailand. Since then, autochthonous leishmaniasis was reported in both immmunocompetent and immmunocompromised patients especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). A new species was identified and named as Leishmania siamensis consisting of two lineages, that is, lineages TR and PG. Analysis of isoenzymes has clarified the more commonly detected L. siamensis lineage PG as Leishmania martiniquensis (MON-229), a species originally reported from the Martinique Island, whereas the L...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081120/epidemiology-of-chikungunya-virus-outbreaks-in-guadeloupe-and-martinique-2014-an-observational-study-in-volunteer-blood-donors
#3
Pierre Gallian, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pascale Richard, Françoise Maire, Olivier Flusin, Rachid Djoudi, Jacques Chiaroni, Remi Charrel, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
BACKGROUND: During Dec-2013, a chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak was first detected in the French-West Indies. Subsequently, the virus dispersed to other Caribbean islands, continental America and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. Previous estimates of the attack rate were based on declaration of clinically suspected cases. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Individual testing for CHIKV RNA of all (n = 16,386) blood donations between Feb-24th 2014 and Jan-31st 2015 identified 0·36% and 0·42% of positives in Guadeloupe and Martinique, respectively...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068904/long-term-kinetics-of-zika-virus-rna-and-antibodies-in-body-fluids-of-a-vasectomized-traveller-returning-from-martinique-a-case-report
#4
Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler, Silke Woelfel
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks are corroborating reports of sexual transmission of ZIKV. Serious consequences of a positive diagnostic result particularly in the pregnant patient are calling for precise diagnostic tools also at later time points after infection. Currently, recommendations suggest a diagnostic period of direct viral detection of 5 to 7 days after onset of symptoms in serum or plasma, and up to 3 weeks in urine samples...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063975/surveying-opinions-of-149-registrants-to-the-research-registry-awareness-of-and-attitudes-towards-research-registration
#5
Riaz A Agha, Daniyal J Jafree, Martinique Vella-Baldacchino, Chris Limb, Ter-Er Kusu-Orkar, Mirabel C Millip, Alexander J Fowler
BACKGROUND: Research registration is an important ethical principle in the Declaration of Helsinki, however, progress to increase registration has been slow. Understanding the attitudes of users towards registries may provide insights into increase research registration. In this survey-based study, we sought to gain insight from users of a single global research registry, the Research Registry® (www.researchregistry.com). METHODS: A Google Forms survey was created and emailed to all users of the Research Registry® (n = 1432)...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056031/do-two-screening-tools-for-chikungunya-virus-infection-that-were-developed-among-younger-population-work-equally-as-well-in-patients-aged-over-65-years
#6
Lidvine Godaert, Fatiha Najioullah, Lionel Bousquet, Thomas Malmontet, Benoît Fournet, Raymond Césaire, Jean-Luc Fanon, Moustapha Dramé
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an endemo-epidemic infection, which is still considered as an emerging public health problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a 65+ population, the accuracy of two chikungunya screening scores that were developed in younger people. METHODS: It was performed in the Martinique University Hospitals from retrospective cases. Patients were 65+, admitted to acute care units, for suspected Chikungunya virus infection (CVI) in 2014, with biological testing using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031812/dominance-in-a-ground-dwelling-ant-community-of-banana-agroecosystem
#7
Dominique Carval, Violaine Cotté, Rémi Resmond, Benjamin Perrin, Philippe Tixier
In tropical ecosystems, ants represent a substantial portion of the animal biomass and contribute to various ecosystem services, including pest regulation and pollination. Dominant ant species are known to determine the structure of ant communities by interfering in the foraging of other ant species. Using bait and pitfall trapping experiments, we performed a pattern analysis at a fine spatial scale of an ant community in a very simplified and homogeneous agroecosystem, that is, a single-crop banana field in Martinique (French West Indies)...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936933/review-of-genetic-diversification-of-bats-in-the-caribbean-and-biogeographic-relationships-to-neotropical-species-based-on-dna-barcodes
#8
Burton K Lim
DNA barcoding is helping in discovering high levels of cryptic species and an underestimation of biodiversity in many groups of organisms. Although mammals are arguably the most studied and one of the least speciose taxonomic classes, the rate of species discovery is increasing and biased for small mammals on islands. An earlier study found bats in the Caribbean as a taxonomic and geographic deficiency in the International Barcode of Life initiative to establish a genetic reference database to enable specimen identification to species...
January 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935668/chemical-composition-antimicrobial-and-insecticidal-activities-of-flowers-essential-oils-of-alpinia-zerumbet-pers-from-martinique-island
#9
Audrey Kerdudo, Emy Njoh Ellong, Pauline Burger, Vanessa Gonnot, Laurent Boyer, Fabrice Chandre, Sandra Adenet, Katia Rochefort, Thomas Michel, Xavier Fernandez
Alpinia species, used as ornamental plants and flavoring agents, are renowned for their therapeutic properties and their subsequent use in traditional medicines throughout the world. Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L. Burtt & R.M. Sm. is the most common Alpinia species encountered in Martinique. Several essential oils (EOs) obtained by hydrodistillation of A. zerumbet flowers collected in various locations on the island at different seasons were analysed to evaluate the influence of the collection period and area on the EOs' chemical compositions and to assess their bioactivity...
December 9, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918261/indoor-development-of-aedes-aegypti-in-germany-2016
#10
Helge Kampen, Stephanie Jansen, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Doreen Walther
In spring 2016, a German traveller returning from Martinique cultivated imported plant offsets in her home, and accidentally bred Aedes aegypti. Thirteen adult mosquito specimens submitted for identification and the traveller were tested for Zika, dengue and chikungunya virus infections, with negative results. The detection of Ae. aegypti by the 'Mueckenatlas' project demonstrates the value of this passive surveillance scheme for potential public health threats posed by invasive mosquitoes in Germany.
November 24, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836651/magnetic-resonance-imaging-characteristics-of-ischemic-stroke-in-an-afro-caribbean-population-a-1-year-prospective-mri-study-on-534%C3%A2-consecutive-patients
#11
M Mejdoubi, A Signate, S Colombani, A Arrigo, S Olindo
PURPOSES: Few population-based MRI studies on stroke, particularly in African-descent populations, are available. Based on a 1-year Afro-Caribbean population-based study MRI, ischemic stroke characteristics were extensively analyzed. METHODS: All strokes occurring in Martinique (390,371 inhabitants) were prospectively included. Ascertainment was based, whenever possible, on MRI. All patients were categorized as single- (subclassified as cortical, cortical-subcortical, subcortical, lacunar) or multiple-lesion pattern, and vascular (single, multiple or junctional) territory...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827826/zika-virus-in-asymptomatic-blood-donors-martinique-2016
#12
Pierre Gallian, André Cabié, Pascale Richard, Laure Paturel, Rémi N Charrel, Boris Pastorino, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825567/prevalence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-french-west-indies-results-of-the-epppra-study-in-martinique
#13
Lauren Brunier, Marie Bleterry, Sylvie Merle, Christian Derancourt, Katlyn Polomat, Véronique Dehlinger, Christophe Deligny, Georges Jean-Baptiste, Serge Arfi, Rishika Banydeen, Michel De Bandt
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less frequent in African populations. However, no recent precise data exists for Afro-Caribbeans. The EPPPRA project is a prospective epidemiological survey to describe prevalence and clinical aspects of RA in the French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana). METHODS: EPPPRA involved all rheumatologists from the French West Indies who included all patients with a known clinical diagnosis of RA, during a one-year period...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824663/socioeconomic-and-healthcare-use-related-determinants-of-cervical-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-practice-in-the-french-west-indies
#14
Gwenn Menvielle, Julien Dugas, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Danièle Luce
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic and healthcare use characteristics in the participation in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening in the French West Indies. We used data from a national health survey conducted in 2014 in Martinique (n=2026) and Guadeloupe (n=2028). Logistic regressions adjusted for various sociodemographic and morbidity variables were performed. The following determinants were investigated: having hot water at home, having received income support for low-income individuals during the last year, educational level, occupational class, complementary health insurance, healthcare renouncement and visit to the general practitioner (GP) during the last year...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794138/global-stroke-statistics
#15
Amanda G Thrift, Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, George Howard, Virginia J Howard, Peter M Rothwell, Valery L Feigin, Bo Norrving, Geoffrey A Donnan, Dominique A Cadilhac
Background Up to date data on incidence, mortality, and case-fatality for stroke are important for setting the agenda for prevention and healthcare. Aims and/or hypothesis We aim to update the most current incidence and mortality data on stroke available by country, and to expand the scope to case-fatality and explore how registry data might be complementary. Methods Data were compiled using two approaches: (1) an updated literature review building from our previous review and (2) direct acquisition and analysis of stroke events in the World Health Organization (WHO) mortality database for each country providing these data...
January 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748032/single-cell-genomics-based-on-raman-sorting-reveals-novel-carotenoid-containing-bacteria-in-the-red-sea
#16
Yizhi Song, Anne-Kristin Kaster, John Vollmers, Yanqing Song, Paul A Davison, Martinique Frentrup, Gail M Preston, Ian P Thompson, J Colin Murrell, Huabing Yin, C Neil Hunter, Wei E Huang
Cell sorting coupled with single-cell genomics is a powerful tool to circumvent cultivation of microorganisms and reveal microbial 'dark matter'. Single-cell Raman spectra (SCRSs) are label-free biochemical 'fingerprints' of individual cells, which can link the sorted cells to their phenotypic information and ecological functions. We employed a novel Raman-activated cell ejection (RACE) approach to sort single bacterial cells from a water sample in the Red Sea based on SCRS. Carotenoids are highly diverse pigments and play an important role in phototrophic bacteria, giving strong and distinctive Raman spectra...
October 17, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727098/-clustered-cases-of-histoplasmosis-due-to-histoplasma-capsulatum-var-capsulatum-in-martinique-case-reports-and-environmental-investigation
#17
A Minoza, J Zecler, C Miossec, D Quist, S Pierre-François, C Deligny, S Simon, C Aznar, N Desbois
Between the 24th of June and the 6th of July 2005, nine men came to Fort-de-France emergency department (Martinique, French West Indies) with more or less pronounced pulmonary symptoms associated in two cases with skin lesions. Three weeks before these nine men performed work in a deserted house. The diagnosis of histoplasmosis was based on pulmonary sample mycological analysis (direct examination and culture), molecular biology and serological tests. Interrogatory and environmental investigations on the presumed place of exposition to H...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697339/linking-current-river-pollution-to-historical-pesticide-use-insights-for-territorial-management
#18
Pauline Della Rossa, Magalie Jannoyer, Charles Mottes, Joanne Plet, Abderazak Bazizi, Luc Arnaud, Alexandra Jestin, Thierry Woignier, Jean-Marie Gaude, Philippe Cattan
Persistent organic pollutants like organochlorine pesticides continue to contaminate large areas worldwide raising questions concerning their management. We designed and tested a method to link soil and water pollution in the watershed of the Galion River in Martinique. We first estimated the risk of soil contamination by chlordecone by referring to past use of land for banana cultivation and took 27 soil samples. We then sampled surface waters at 39 points and groundwater at 16 points. We tested three hypotheses linked to the source of chlordecone pollution at the watershed scale: (i) soils close to the river, (ii) soils close to the sampling point, (iii) throughout the sub-watershed generated at the sampling point...
September 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697250/endophthalmitis-after-cataract-surgery-despite-intracameral-antibiotic-prophylaxis-with-licensed-cefuroxime
#19
Charles Mesnard, Laurence Beral, Rabih Hage, Harold Merle, Selim Farès, Thierry David
PURPOSE: To report a case series of post-phacoemulsification endophthalmitis despite antibiotic prophylaxis with an intracameral injection of a licensed cefuroxime formulation (Aprokam). SETTING: University Hospitals of Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, and Fort-de-France, Martinique, French West Indies. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had cataract surgery with licensed cefuroxime prophylaxis between March 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015, and developed endophthalmitis were included...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694072/inter-regional-medical-cooperation-in-the-caribbean%C3%A2-a-major-asset-for-the-influence-of-the-french-medicine
#20
D Resiere
Martinique was accepted as an associate member by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean State since February 2015. This membership constitutes a major asset in bringing Martiniquais closer to the other Caribbean populations and should play a key role as it relates to regional cooperation especially in the domain of healthcare. Martinique and several Caribbean countries share common health issues such as; dengue, chikungunya virus, Zika Virus leptospirosis, snakebite, severe cardiovascular diseases (CVD), HTLV-1, sickle cell diseases and so on...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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