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Helge Kampen, Stephanie Jansen, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Doreen Walther
In spring 2016, a German traveller returning from Martinique cultivated imported plant offsets in her home, and accidentally bred Aedes aegypti. Thirteen adult mosquito specimens submitted for identification and the traveller were tested for Zika, dengue and chikungunya virus infections, with negative results. The detection of Ae. aegypti by the 'Mueckenatlas' project demonstrates the value of this passive surveillance scheme for potential public health threats posed by invasive mosquitoes in Germany.
November 24, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
M Mejdoubi, A Signate, S Colombani, A Arrigo, S Olindo
PURPOSES: Few population-based MRI studies on stroke, particularly in African-descent populations, are available. Based on a 1-year Afro-Caribbean population-based study MRI, ischemic stroke characteristics were extensively analyzed. METHODS: All strokes occurring in Martinique (390,371 inhabitants) were prospectively included. Ascertainment was based, whenever possible, on MRI. All patients were categorized as single- (subclassified as cortical, cortical-subcortical, subcortical, lacunar) or multiple-lesion pattern, and vascular (single, multiple or junctional) territory...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
Pierre Gallian, André Cabié, Pascale Richard, Laure Paturel, Rémi N Charrel, Boris Pastorino, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Blood
Lauren Brunier, Marie Bleterry, Sylvie Merle, Christian Derancourt, Katlyn Polomat, Véronique Dehlinger, Christophe Deligny, Georges Jean-Baptiste, Serge Arfi, Rishika Banydeen, Michel De Bandt
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less frequent in African populations. However, no recent precise data exists for Afro-Caribbeans. The EPPPRA project is a prospective epidemiological survey to describe prevalence and clinical aspects of RA in the French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana). METHODS: EPPPRA involved all rheumatologists from the French West Indies who included all patients with a known clinical diagnosis of RA, during a one-year period...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Gwenn Menvielle, Julien Dugas, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Danièle Luce
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic and healthcare use characteristics in the participation in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening in the French West Indies. We used data from a national health survey conducted in 2014 in Martinique (n=2026) and Guadeloupe (n=2028). Logistic regressions adjusted for various sociodemographic and morbidity variables were performed. The following determinants were investigated: having hot water at home, having received income support for low-income individuals during the last year, educational level, occupational class, complementary health insurance, healthcare renouncement and visit to the general practitioner (GP) during the last year...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
Amanda G Thrift, Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, George Howard, Virginia J Howard, Peter M Rothwell, Valery L Feigin, Bo Norrving, Geoffrey A Donnan, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Up to date data on incidence, mortality, and case-fatality for stroke are important for setting the agenda for prevention and healthcare. AIMS AND/OR HYPOTHESIS: We aim to update the most current incidence and mortality data on stroke available by country, and to expand the scope to case-fatality and explore how registry data might be complementary. METHODS: Data were compiled using two approaches: (1) an updated literature review building from our previous review and (2) direct acquisition and analysis of stroke events in the World Health Organization (WHO) mortality database for each country providing these data...
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Yizhi Song, Anne-Kristin Kaster, John Vollmers, Yanqing Song, Paul A Davison, Martinique Frentrup, Gail M Preston, Ian P Thompson, J Colin Murrell, Huabing Yin, C Neil Hunter, Wei E Huang
Cell sorting coupled with single-cell genomics is a powerful tool to circumvent cultivation of microorganisms and reveal microbial 'dark matter'. Single-cell Raman spectra (SCRSs) are label-free biochemical 'fingerprints' of individual cells, which can link the sorted cells to their phenotypic information and ecological functions. We employed a novel Raman-activated cell ejection (RACE) approach to sort single bacterial cells from a water sample in the Red Sea based on SCRS. Carotenoids are highly diverse pigments and play an important role in phototrophic bacteria, giving strong and distinctive Raman spectra...
October 17, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
A Minoza, J Zecler, C Miossec, D Quist, S Pierre-François, C Deligny, S Simon, C Aznar, N Desbois
Between the 24th of June and the 6th of July 2005, nine men came to Fort-de-France emergency department (Martinique, French West Indies) with more or less pronounced pulmonary symptoms associated in two cases with skin lesions. Three weeks before these nine men performed work in a deserted house. The diagnosis of histoplasmosis was based on pulmonary sample mycological analysis (direct examination and culture), molecular biology and serological tests. Interrogatory and environmental investigations on the presumed place of exposition to H...
October 7, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Pauline Della Rossa, Magalie Jannoyer, Charles Mottes, Joanne Plet, Abderazak Bazizi, Luc Arnaud, Alexandra Jestin, Thierry Woignier, Jean-Marie Gaude, Philippe Cattan
Persistent organic pollutants like organochlorine pesticides continue to contaminate large areas worldwide raising questions concerning their management. We designed and tested a method to link soil and water pollution in the watershed of the Galion River in Martinique. We first estimated the risk of soil contamination by chlordecone by referring to past use of land for banana cultivation and took 27 soil samples. We then sampled surface waters at 39 points and groundwater at 16 points. We tested three hypotheses linked to the source of chlordecone pollution at the watershed scale: (i) soils close to the river, (ii) soils close to the sampling point, (iii) throughout the sub-watershed generated at the sampling point...
September 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Charles Mesnard, Laurence Beral, Rabih Hage, Harold Merle, Selim Farès, Thierry David
PURPOSE: To report a case series of post-phacoemulsification endophthalmitis despite antibiotic prophylaxis with an intracameral injection of a licensed cefuroxime formulation (Aprokam). SETTING: University Hospitals of Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, and Fort-de-France, Martinique, French West Indies. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had cataract surgery with licensed cefuroxime prophylaxis between March 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015, and developed endophthalmitis were included...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
D Resiere
Martinique was accepted as an associate member by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean State since February 2015. This membership constitutes a major asset in bringing Martiniquais closer to the other Caribbean populations and should play a key role as it relates to regional cooperation especially in the domain of healthcare. Martinique and several Caribbean countries share common health issues such as; dengue, chikungunya virus, Zika Virus leptospirosis, snakebite, severe cardiovascular diseases (CVD), HTLV-1, sickle cell diseases and so on...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
E Jolivet, C Plavonil, M Sainte-Rose, B Schaub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the screening for trisomy 21 (T21) between 2011 and 2013 on Martinique French West Indies after the decree of 23 June 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Were used the prenatal data provided by accredited laboratories and the data from the Registry of Congenital French West Indies (REMALAN). RESULTS: A total of 85.9 % of patients underwent screening: 60.5 % on a combined calculation of risk (CRC), 14...
September 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Justine Klingelschmidt, Marie-Claire Parriault, Astrid Van Melle, Célia Basurko, Barbara Gontier, André Cabié, Bruno Hoen, Marie-Thérèse Sow, Mathieu Nacher
The French Antilles (Martinique, Saint Martin and Guadeloupe) and French Guiana are the French territories most affected by the HIV epidemic. Some population groups such as men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those involved in transactional sex, are thought to be particularly vulnerable to HIV but few data exist to help characterize their health-related needs and thus implement relevant prevention interventions. To fill this knowledge gap, we used data collected from an HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviours and Practices survey conducted in 2012 among MSM living in the French Antilles and French Guiana and recruited through snowball sampling...
October 2, 2016: AIDS Care
Julien Joux, Marion Boulanger, Severine Jeannin, Nicolas Chausson, Jean-Luc Hennequin, Vincent Molinié, Didier Smadja, Emmanuel Touzé, Stephane Olindo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid bulb diaphragm (CBD) has been described in young carotid ischemic stroke (CIS) patients, especially in blacks. However, the prevalence of CBD in CIS patients is unknown, and whether CBD is a risk factor for CIS remains unclear. We assessed the association between CBD and incident CIS in a population-based study. METHODS: We selected all young (<55 years) CIS patients from a 1-year population-based cohort study in the Afro-Caribbean population of Martinique in 2012...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Adèle Silbande, Sandra Adenet, Juliette Smith-Ravin, Jean-Jacques Joffraud, Katia Rochefort, Françoise Leroi
Metagenomic, microbial, chemical and sensory analyses of Thunnus albacares from Martinique stored in ice (AIR - 0 °C), vacuum (VP - 4/8 °C) and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP - 4/8 °C) (70% CO2 - 30% O2) were carried out. The organoleptic rejection of AIR tuna was observed at day 13 when total bacterial counts equaled 10(6)-10(7) CFU g(-1). No extension of shelf-life was provided by VP and MAP. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence analyzed by Illumina MiSeq and PCR-TTGE, Rhodanobacter terrae was the main species of the freshly caught tuna...
December 2016: Food Microbiology
Albert Jean-Charles, Harold Merle, Isabelle Audo, Catherine Desoudin, Béatrice Bocquet, Corinne Baudoin, Moro Sidibe, Martine Mauget-Faÿsse, Benjamin Wolff, Agnès Fichard, Guy Lenaers, José-Alain Sahel, Alain Gaudric, Salomon Yves Cohen, Christian P Hamel, Isabelle Meunier
PURPOSE: To reappraise the autosomal dominant Martinique crinkled retinal pigment epitheliopathy (MCRPE) in light of the knowledge of its associated mutated gene mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPKAPK3), an actor in the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. DESIGN: Clinical and molecular study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45 patients from 3 generations belonging to a family originating from Martinique with an autosomal dominant MCRPE were examined...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
Elise Daudens-Vaysse, Martine Ledrans, Noellie Gay, Vanessa Ardillon, Sylvie Cassadou, Fatiha Najioullah, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Dominique Rousset, Cécile Herrmann, Raymond Cesaire, Marianne Maquart, Olivier Flusin, Séverine Matheus, Patricia Huc-Anaïs, Josiane Jaubert, Anne Criquet-Hayot, Bruno Hoen, Felix Djossou, Corinne Locatelli-Jouans, Alain Blateau, Anne-Marie McKenzie, Mathilde Melin, Patrick Saint-Martin, Frédérique Dorléans, Claudine Suivant, Luisiane Carvalho, Marion Petit-Sinturel, Audrey Andrieu, Harold Noël, Alexandra Septfons, Anne Gallay, Marie-Claire Paty, Laurent Filleul, André Cabié
Following of the emergence of Zika virus in Brazil in 2015, an epidemiological surveillance system was quickly implemented in the French overseas Territories of America (FTA) according to previous experience with dengue and chikungunya and has detected first cases of Zika. General practitioners and medical microbiologists were invited to report all clinically suspected cases of Zika, laboratory investigations were systematically conducted (RT-PCR). On 18 December, the first autochthonous case of Zika virus infection was confirmed by RT-PCR on French Guiana and Martinique, indicating introduction of Zika virus in FTA...
July 14, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Martinique Sparks, Ben Coetzee, Tim J Gabbett
The aim of this study was to use individualized intensity zones to compare the external (velocity and Player Load, PL) and internal loads (heart rate, HR) of a cohort of university-level soccer players. Thirteen soccer players completed a 40 m maximum speed test and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) to determine individualized velocity and HR thresholds. HR values and global positioning system (GPS) data of each player were recorded during five league matches. A large (r = 0.46; p ≤0.01) correlation was found between time spent in the low-intensity (LI) velocity zone (LIVZ) and the LI HR zone...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Xiaoli Tong, Zhaohong Wang, Majid Mirab-Balou
Two new species of the genus Asprothrips Crawford, A. bucerus sp. n. and A. punctulosus sp. n. are described and illustrated from China. A. bimaculatus Michel & Ryckewaert, previously known only from Martinique in the French West Indies and Malaysia, is newly recorded from mainland China and Taiwan, along with the first descriptive notes of the male, and the record from China of A. fuscipennis Kudô is considered a misidentification of A. bucerus sp. n. The generic diagnosis of Asprothrips is briefly summarized and an updated key to world species of the genus is also presented...
2016: Zootaxa
Camille Fourcade, Jean-Michel Mansuy, Marine Dutertre, Marie Delpech, Bruno Marchou, Pierre Delobel, Jacques Izopet, Guillaume Martin-Blondel
While the rapid spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) in South America has been declared a public health emergency few data are available on the kinetics of the virus load and the specific antibodies in individual patients. This report describes the kinetics of ZIKV decay in the body compartments and the kinetics of anti ZIKV IgG and IgM of two people returning from Martinique, French West Indies. ZIKV remained detectable in the plasma for roughly 2 weeks indicating that mosquito control measures should be prolonged accordingly...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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