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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329020/how-a-collaborative-integrated-taxonomic-effort-has-trained-new-spongiologists-and-improved-knowledge-of-martinique-island-french-antilles-eastern-caribbean-sea-marine-biodiversity
#1
Thierry Pérez, Maria-Cristina Díaz, César Ruiz, Baslavi Cóndor-Luján, Michelle Klautau, Eduardo Hajdu, Gisele Lobo-Hajdu, Sven Zea, Shirley A Pomponi, Robert W Thacker, Sophie Carteron, Guillaume Tollu, Adeline Pouget-Cuvelier, Philippe Thélamon, Jean-Philippe Marechal, Olivier P Thomas, Alexander V Ereskovsky, Jean Vacelet, Nicole Boury-Esnault
Although sponges are important components of benthic ecosystems of the Caribbean Sea, their diversity remained poorly investigated in the Lesser Antilles. By organizing a training course in Martinique, we wanted both to promote taxonomy and to provide a first inventory of the sponge diversity on this island. The course was like a naturalist expedition, with a field laboratory and a classroom nearby. Early-career scientists and environmental managers were trained in sponge taxonomy. We gathered unpublished data and conducted an inventory at 13 coastal sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319012/the-expanding-world-of-human-leishmaniasis
#2
James A Cotton
New Leishmania isolates form a novel group of human parasites related to Leishmania enrietti, with cases in Ghana, Thailand, and Martinique; other relatives infect Australian and South American wildlife. These parasites apparently cause both cutaneous and visceral disease, and may have evolved a novel transmission mechanism exploiting blood-feeding midges.
March 16, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209336/analysis-of-blood-from-zika-virus-infected-fetuses-a-prospective-case-series
#3
Bruno Schaub, Manon Vouga, Fatiha Najioullah, Michèle Gueneret, Alice Monthieux, Caroline Harte, Françoise Muller, Eugénie Jolivet, Clara Adenet, Sophie Dreux, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Raymond Cesaire, Jean-Luc Volumenie, David Baud
BACKGROUND: Zika virus has spread through the Americas and the Caribbean since early 2015 and was rapidly declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by WHO because of the potential association with fetal anomalies. We analysed fetal and maternal fluids and tissues in fetuses with confirmed Zika virus infection prospectively monitored in Martinique, a French Caribbean island. METHODS: Since the beginning of the Zika virus outbreak in Martinique, all pregnant women undergo monthly fetal ultrasound examination surveillance...
February 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200111/real-time-assessment-of-health-care-requirements-during-the-zika-virus-epidemic-in-martinique
#4
Alessio Andronico, Frédérique Dorléans, Jean-Louis Fergé, Henrik Salje, Frédéric Ghawché, Aissatou Signate, Elise Daudens-Vaysse, Laure Baudouin, Timothée Dub, Maite Aubry, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau, Martine Ledrans, Harold Noel, Henri-Pierre Mallet, Arnaud Fontanet, André Cabié, Simon Cauchemez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187664/-i-uroptychus-i-i-nitidus-i-a-milne-edwards-1880-and-related-species-crustacea-decapoda-anomura-chirostylidae-from-the-western-atlantic
#5
Keiji Baba, Mary K Wicksten
Eight species of squat lobsters of the genus Uroptychus are reported from the western Atlantic based on the collections of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard, the Smithsonian Institution and Texas A&M University. Uroptychus nitidus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1880) is reviewed and redescribed, with a syntype taken at Blake Station 200 off Martinique designated as the lectotype. Uroptychus alphonsei n. sp. is named for U. nitidus variety C Chace, 1942, U. fenneri n. sp. for U. nitidus variety A Chace, 1942, and U...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185756/trends-in-colorectal-cancer-in-the-caribbean-a-population-based-study-in-martinique-1982-2011
#6
C Joachim, J Véronique-Baudin, M Razanakaivo, J Macni, A Pomier, M-J Dorival, J Smith-Ravin, O Pierre-Louis, P Escarmant
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe incidence and mortality from colorectal cancer, and temporal trends between 1982 and 2011 in Martinique (French West-Indies). METHODS: This was a descriptive, longitudinal, observational study based on data from the Martinique cancer registry. The study included all incident cases of colorectal cancer between 1982 and 2011. We recorded sociodemographic data and clinical variables (histology, site according to the WHO classification)...
February 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177044/comparison-of-lamp-and-pcr-for-molecular-mass-screening-of-sand-flies-for-leishmania-martiniquensis-infection
#7
Saruda Tiwananthagorn, Hirotomo Kato, Ranchana Yeewa, Amontip Muengpan, Raxsina Polseela, Saovanee Leelayoova
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania martiniquensis infection has been reported in human and domestic animals of Martinique Island, Germany, Switzerland, USA, Myanmar and Thailand. The peculiar clinical features of disseminated cutaneous and visceral forms co-existence render the urgent need of specific diagnostic tool to identify the natural sand fly vectors for effective prevention and control strategies. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of 18S rRNA gene as well as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of minicircle kinetoplast DNA gene (PCR-mkDNA) have never been applied to detect L...
February 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101896/adaptation-of-genetically-monomorphic-bacteria-evolution-of-copper-resistance-through-multiple-horizontal-gene-transfers-of-complex-and-versatile-mobile-genetic-elements
#8
D Richard, V Ravigné, A Rieux, B Facon, C Boyer, K Boyer, P Grygiel, S Javegny, M Terville, B I Canteros, I Robène, C Vernière, A Chabirand, O Pruvost, P Lefeuvre
Copper-based antimicrobial compounds are widely used to control plant bacterial pathogens. Pathogens have adapted in response to this selective pressure. Xanthomonas citri pv. citri, a major citrus pathogen causing Asiatic citrus canker, was first reported to carry plasmid-encoded copper resistance in Argentina. This phenotype was conferred by the copLAB gene system. The emergence of resistant strains has since been reported in Réunion and Martinique. Using microsatellite-based genotyping and copLAB PCR, we demonstrated that the genetic structure of the copper-resistant strains from these three regions was made up of two distant clusters and varied for the detection of copLAB amplicons...
January 19, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093539/leishmaniasis-in-thailand-a-review-of-causative-agents-and-situations
#9
REVIEW
Saovanee Leelayoova, Suradej Siripattanapipong, Jipada Manomat, Phunlerd Piyaraj, Peerapan Tan-Ariya, Lertwut Bualert, Mathirut Mungthin
Before 1999, leishmaniasis was considered an imported disease in Thailand. Since then, autochthonous leishmaniasis was reported in both immmunocompetent and immmunocompromised patients especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). A new species was identified and named as Leishmania siamensis consisting of two lineages, that is, lineages TR and PG. Analysis of isoenzymes has clarified the more commonly detected L. siamensis lineage PG as Leishmania martiniquensis (MON-229), a species originally reported from the Martinique Island, whereas the L...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081120/epidemiology-of-chikungunya-virus-outbreaks-in-guadeloupe-and-martinique-2014-an-observational-study-in-volunteer-blood-donors
#10
Pierre Gallian, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pascale Richard, Françoise Maire, Olivier Flusin, Rachid Djoudi, Jacques Chiaroni, Remi Charrel, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
BACKGROUND: During Dec-2013, a chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak was first detected in the French-West Indies. Subsequently, the virus dispersed to other Caribbean islands, continental America and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. Previous estimates of the attack rate were based on declaration of clinically suspected cases. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Individual testing for CHIKV RNA of all (n = 16,386) blood donations between Feb-24th 2014 and Jan-31st 2015 identified 0·36% and 0·42% of positives in Guadeloupe and Martinique, respectively...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068904/long-term-kinetics-of-zika-virus-rna-and-antibodies-in-body-fluids-of-a-vasectomized-traveller-returning-from-martinique-a-case-report
#11
Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler, Silke Woelfel
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks are corroborating reports of sexual transmission of ZIKV. Serious consequences of a positive diagnostic result particularly in the pregnant patient are calling for precise diagnostic tools also at later time points after infection. Currently, recommendations suggest a diagnostic period of direct viral detection of 5 to 7 days after onset of symptoms in serum or plasma, and up to 3 weeks in urine samples...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063975/surveying-opinions-of-149-registrants-to-the-research-registry-awareness-of-and-attitudes-towards-research-registration
#12
Riaz A Agha, Daniyal J Jafree, Martinique Vella-Baldacchino, Christopher Limb, Ter-Er Kusu-Orkar, Mirabel C Millip, Alexander J Fowler
BACKGROUND: Research registration is an important ethical principle in the Declaration of Helsinki, however, progress to increase registration has been slow. Understanding the attitudes of users towards registries may provide insights into increase research registration. In this survey-based study, we sought to gain insight from users of a single global research registry, the Research Registry(®) (www.researchregistry.com). METHODS: A Google Forms survey was created and emailed to all users of the Research Registry(®) (n = 1432)...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056031/do-two-screening-tools-for-chikungunya-virus-infection-that-were-developed-among-younger-population-work-equally-as-well-in-patients-aged-over-65-years
#13
Lidvine Godaert, Fatiha Najioullah, Lionel Bousquet, Thomas Malmontet, Benoît Fournet, Raymond Césaire, Jean-Luc Fanon, Moustapha Dramé
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an endemo-epidemic infection, which is still considered as an emerging public health problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a 65+ population, the accuracy of two chikungunya screening scores that were developed in younger people. METHODS: It was performed in the Martinique University Hospitals from retrospective cases. Patients were 65+, admitted to acute care units, for suspected Chikungunya virus infection (CVI) in 2014, with biological testing using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031812/dominance-in-a-ground-dwelling-ant-community-of-banana-agroecosystem
#14
Dominique Carval, Violaine Cotté, Rémi Resmond, Benjamin Perrin, Philippe Tixier
In tropical ecosystems, ants represent a substantial portion of the animal biomass and contribute to various ecosystem services, including pest regulation and pollination. Dominant ant species are known to determine the structure of ant communities by interfering in the foraging of other ant species. Using bait and pitfall trapping experiments, we performed a pattern analysis at a fine spatial scale of an ant community in a very simplified and homogeneous agroecosystem, that is, a single-crop banana field in Martinique (French West Indies)...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936933/review-of-genetic-diversification-of-bats-in-the-caribbean-and-biogeographic-relationships-to-neotropical-species-based-on-dna-barcodes
#15
Burton K Lim
DNA barcoding is helping in discovering high levels of cryptic species and an underestimation of biodiversity in many groups of organisms. Although mammals are arguably the most studied and one of the least speciose taxonomic classes, the rate of species discovery is increasing and biased for small mammals on islands. An earlier study found bats in the Caribbean as a taxonomic and geographic deficiency in the International Barcode of Life initiative to establish a genetic reference database to enable specimen identification to species...
January 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935668/chemical-composition-antimicrobial-and-insecticidal-activities-of-flowers-essential-oils-of-alpinia-zerumbet-pers-b-l-burtt-r-m-sm-from-martinique-island
#16
Audrey Kerdudo, Emy Njoh Ellong, Pauline Burger, Vanessa Gonnot, Laurent Boyer, Fabrice Chandre, Sandra Adenet, Katia Rochefort, Thomas Michel, Xavier Fernandez
Alpinia species, used as ornamental plants and flavoring agents, are renowned for their therapeutic properties and their subsequent use in traditional medicines throughout the world. Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm. is the most common Alpinia species encountered in Martinique. Several essential oils (EOs) obtained by hydrodistillation of A. zerumbet flowers collected in various locations on the island at different seasons were analysed to evaluate the influence of the collection period and area on the EOs' chemical compositions and to assess their bioactivity...
December 9, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918261/indoor-development-of-aedes-aegypti-in-germany-2016
#17
Helge Kampen, Stephanie Jansen, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Doreen Walther
In spring 2016, a German traveller returning from Martinique cultivated imported plant offsets in her home, and accidentally bred Aedes aegypti. Thirteen adult mosquito specimens submitted for identification and the traveller were tested for Zika, dengue and chikungunya virus infections, with negative results. The detection of Ae. aegypti by the 'Mueckenatlas' project demonstrates the value of this passive surveillance scheme for potential public health threats posed by invasive mosquitoes in Germany.
November 24, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836651/magnetic-resonance-imaging-characteristics-of-ischemic-stroke-in-an-afro-caribbean-population-a-1-year-prospective-mri-study-on-534%C3%A2-consecutive-patients
#18
M Mejdoubi, A Signate, S Colombani, A Arrigo, S Olindo
PURPOSES: Few population-based MRI studies on stroke, particularly in African-descent populations, are available. Based on a 1-year Afro-Caribbean population-based study MRI, ischemic stroke characteristics were extensively analyzed. METHODS: All strokes occurring in Martinique (390,371 inhabitants) were prospectively included. Ascertainment was based, whenever possible, on MRI. All patients were categorized as single- (subclassified as cortical, cortical-subcortical, subcortical, lacunar) or multiple-lesion pattern, and vascular (single, multiple or junctional) territory...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827826/zika-virus-in-asymptomatic-blood-donors-in-martinique
#19
LETTER
Pierre Gallian, André Cabié, Pascale Richard, Laure Paturel, Rémi N Charrel, Boris Pastorino, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825567/prevalence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-french-west-indies-results-of-the-epppra-study-in-martinique
#20
Lauren Brunier, Marie Bleterry, Sylvie Merle, Christian Derancourt, Katlyn Polomat, Véronique Dehlinger, Christophe Deligny, Georges Jean-Baptiste, Serge Arfi, Rishika Banydeen, Michel De Bandt
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less frequent in African populations. However, no recent precise data exists for Afro-Caribbeans. The EPPPRA project is a prospective epidemiological survey to describe prevalence and clinical aspects of RA in the French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana). METHODS: EPPPRA involved all rheumatologists from the French West Indies who included all patients with a known clinical diagnosis of RA, during a one-year period...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
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