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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782922/dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-infections-imported-to-paris-between-2009-and-2016-characteristics-and-correlation-with-outbreaks-in-the-french-overseas-territories-of-guadeloupe-and-martinique
#1
Victor Vasquez, Elie Haddad, Alice Perignon, Stéphane Jaureguiberry, Ségolène Brichler, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Eric Caumes
BACKGROUND: Dengue (DV), chikungunya (CV) and Zika virus (ZV) infections are rapidly expanding across countries and diagnosed in returned travelers who represent epidemiological sentinels. French Territories of America (FTA) such as Guadeloupe and Martinique are highly touristic places and have experienced three consecutive outbreaks by such viruses in the last decade. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated how ill returned travelers could be deemed as epidemiological sentinels for these three expanding arboviral diseases during eight consecutive years...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771208/healthcare-managers-perceptions-of-managing-poor-performance
#2
Melanie Hill, Heather Gluyas, Martinique Sandy, Andrew Wingate
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the perceptions and experiences of healthcare managers working within a community and ambulatory health service who manage poorly performing staff and, to identify the supports, and gaps in supports, that are available to these managers. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected via two focus groups using a semi-structured schedule. The data were transcribed, themed and conclusions summarised. Findings On analysis of the discussion of the line managers' experiences and perceptions of competence, six themes were identified, five themes common to both groups...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692295/outbreak-of-chikungunya-in-the-french-caribbean-islands-of-martinique-and-guadeloupe-findings-from-a-hospital-based-surveillance-system-2013-2015
#3
Frédérique Dorléans, Bruno Hoen, Fatiha Najioullah, Cécile Herrmann-Storck, Kinda Maria Schepers, Sylvie Abel, Isabelle Lamaury, Laurence Fagour, Raymond Césaire, Stéphanie Guyomard, Ruth Troudard, Yvette Adélaïde, Marie-José Romagne, Magguy Davidas, Séverine Rochais, Sylvie Boa, Frédérique de Saint-Alary, Annabel Preira, Patrick Saint-Martin, Amandine Vaidie, Mathilde Melin, Elise Daudens-Vaysse, Jacques Rosine, Alain Blateau, Luisiane Carvalho, Alexandra Septfons, Marie-Claire Paty, Ghislain Leduc, Sylvie Cassadou, Martine Ledrans, André Cabié
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in the Caribbean island of Saint-Martin in December 2013. We implemented a hospital-based surveillance system to detect and describe CHIKV cases including severe forms of the infection and deaths in the islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe. A case was defined as a patient with a CHIKV laboratory confirmation cared for in a public hospital for chikungunya for at least 24 hours, and a severe CHIKV case was defined as a CHIKV case presenting one or more organ failures. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected and cases classified into severe or nonsevere based on medical records...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690475/ascidians-collected-during-the-madibenthos-expedition-in-martinique-1-phlebobranchia
#4
FranÇoise Monniot
The aim of the Madibenthos 2016 expedition was to establish an inventory of the benthic marine fauna around Martinique. All kinds of biota were collected with different devices down to 40m depth. Among a large amount of invertebrates the ascidians were varied and abundant. Their study will be made in several steps. The first group studied concerns the Order Phlebobranchia represented here by species already described from the Caribbean area; one of them was collected for only the second time. The variability of internal characters which are ordinarily considered as generic or specific is discussed here for the genera Ascidia and Phallusia...
February 27, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690147/diversity-and-distribution-patterns-of-calcareous-sponges-subclass-calcinea-from-martinique
#5
Tayara Fontana, BÁslavi CÓndor-lujÁn, Fernanda Azevedo, Thierry PÉrez, Michelle Klautau
Calcareous sponges of the subclass Calcinea from Martinique (Caribbean Sea) are presented under an integrative perspective (morphology and DNA: ITS and C-LSU). Eleven species of six genera have been found in Martinique, three of them being new to science: Borojevia crystallina sp. nov., Clathrina delicata sp. nov., and Ernstia adunca sp. nov. Among these new records, four species were previously known from other Caribbean localities: Arturia vansoesti, Clathrina insularis, C. mutabilis, and Leucaltis clathria...
April 17, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690145/ascidians-collected-during-the-madibenthos-expedition-in-martinique-2-stolidobranchia-styelidae
#6
FranÇoise Monniot
An inventory of the marine benthic fauna around Martinique was the aim of the European Madibenthos expedition 2016. Among a large number of invertebrates abundant ascidians were collected: the phlebobranchs were already studied and the results published (Monniot 2018). A second group, belonging to the Styelidae (Stolidobranchia), includes 17 species of which one is new and new records for two other species. Each of them is described and the geographic distribution given.
April 17, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685697/mental-health-of-jail-inmates-within-the-prison-of-ducos-martinique-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#7
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678596/evaluation-of-acute-skin-toxicity-of-breast-radiotherapy-using-thermography-results-of-a-prospective-single-centre-trial
#8
O Maillot, N Leduc, V Atallah, P Escarmant, A Petit, S Belhomme, P Sargos, V Vinh-Hung
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy is a common adjuvant treatment of breast cancer. Acute radiation-induced dermatitis is a frequent side effect. We hypothesized whether it is possible to capture the increase of local temperature as a surrogate of the inflammatory state induced by radiotherapy. We designed a prospective, observational, single-centre study to acquire data on temperature rise in the treated breast during the course of radiotherapy, establish a possible association with the occurrence of dermatitis and investigate the predictive value of temperature increase in future occurrences of radiation-induced dermatitis...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642576/comment-on-cerland-l-et-al-incidence-and-consequences-of-near-drowning-related-pneumonia-a-descriptive-series-from-martinique-french-west-indies-int-j-environ-res-public-health-2017-14-1402
#9
Ana Catarina Queiroga, Jonathon Webber, Andrew C Schmidt, Justin R Sempsrott, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Michael Tipton, David Szpilman
We read with great interest the recent paper by Cerland et al. on the frequency, nature, and consequences of post-drowning pneumonia[...].
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629677/blood-and-virus-detection-on-barber-clippers
#10
Z Spengane, S Korsman, K Mkentane, L M Davids, W Zemanay, M Africa, S Mbhele, M Nicol, F Gumedze, D Ngwanya, N P Khumalo
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from the popular clean-shave 'chiskop' haircut was recently reported as prevalent in South Africa (SA), a country with 6.9 million HIV-infected people. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of barber hair clipper contamination with blood and HIV and hepatitis B viruses. METHODS: Fifty barbers from three townships in Cape Town, SA, were invited to participate. One clipper from each barber was collected immediately after it had been used for a clean-shave haircut...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616641/snake-bites-by-bothrops-lanceolatus-in-martinique
#11
D Resiere, M Hossein, B Megarbane
Bothrops lanceolatus, a member of the Viperidae family and Crotalinae subfamily, is the only snake causing envenomation in Martinique, which is the only place it exists in the world. Any bite by this snake may result in severe thrombotic complications including cerebral, pulmonary, and myocardial infarction and affecting the patient's vital or functional prognosis. The exact composition of the venom as well as the mechanisms of toxicity involved are still debated today. The first specific antivenom immunotherapy (AVI), Bothrofav1, manufactured in 1991, reduced mortality and morbidity significantly...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554087/temporal-trends-in-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-1-htlv-1-associated-myelopathy-tropical-spastic-paraparesis-ham-tsp-incidence-in-martinique-over-25-years-1986-2010
#12
Stephane Olindo, Severine Jeannin, Martine Saint-Vil, Aissatou Signate, Mireille Edimonana-Kaptue, Julien Joux, Harold Merle, Pascale Richard, Samuel Granjeaud, Philippe Cabre, Didier Smadja, Raymond Cesaire, Agnes Lezin
BACKGROUND: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) has been discovered in 1980 and has been linked to tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) in 1985 in Martinique. There is no data on HAM/TSP incidence trends. We report, in the present work, the temporal trends incidence of HAM/TSP in Martinique over 25 years. METHODS: Martinique is a Caribbean French West Indies island deserved by a unique Neurology Department involved in HAM/TSP diagnosis and management. A registry has been set up since 1986 and patients diagnosed for a HAM/TSP were prospectively registered...
March 19, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525296/further-evidence-for-a-distinctive-atypical-degenerative-parkinsonism-in-the-caribbean-a-new-cluster-in-the-french-west-indian-island-of-martinique
#13
Annie Lannuzel, Régine Edragas, Angéla Lackmy, Benoit Tressières, Véronique Pelonde, Mireille Edimo Nana Kaptué, Sylvie Mécharles, Alexis Demas, Billy François, Eavan McGovern, Marie Vidailhet, Bertrand Gaymard, Emmanuel Roze
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of an atypical levodopa-resistant parkinsonism has been reported in the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe. These seminal observations have not been replicated or extended to neighbouring populations who share genetic and environmental characteristics. METHODS: To further characterise this atypical parkinsonism we prospectively investigated 305 consecutive patients with neurodegenerative parkinsonism in a community-based population from Guadeloupe and Martinique, a neighbouring French Caribbean island where the population has similar environmental and genetic backgrounds...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510267/use-and-representations-of-intrauterine-device-in-martinique-f-w-i-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
K Mathurin, J-L Volumenie, O Flechelles, C Derancourt, C Bonnier
INTRODUCTION: Abortion rate is higher in Martinique than in metropolitan France. Difference in pattern of contraception may be involved, particularly regarding IUD use. IUD use is often hampered by misconceptions. The aim of the study was to evaluate IUD use in a non-selected population in Martinique and to explore knowledge and acceptance of the method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women were submitted a self-questionnaire about their contraceptive history, appropriate candidates for, effectiveness, side effects and perceived risks of IUD...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457993/leptospira-seroprevalence-in-animals-in-the-caribbean-region-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Nicola Pratt, Sreekumari Rajeev
This systematic review summarises the data published on the Leptospira seroprevalence, serovar diversity and distribution among animal species in the Caribbean region. Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, and checklist, relevant articles were identified and data were extracted and recorded. The review provided Leptospira seroprevalence data from 16 Caribbean islands (Barbados, Trinidad, Grenada, Puerto Rico, Saint Croix, St. Kitts and Nevis, Jamaica, Antigua, Carriacou, Dominica, Guadalupe, Martinique, Monserrat, St...
June 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436309/are-perceived-prevalences-of-infection-also-biased-and-how-lessons-from-large-epidemics-of-mosquito-borne-diseases-in-tropical-regions
#16
Jocelyn Raude, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Jeremy Ward, Claude Flamand, Pierre Verger
BACKGROUND: Although people are likely to underestimate the frequencies of risks to health from common diseases and overestimate those from rare diseases, we still do not know much about reasons for this systematic bias, which is also referred to as "primary bias" in the literature. In this study, we take advantage of a series of large epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases to examine the accuracy of judgments of risk frequencies. In this aim, we assessed the perceived v. observed prevalence of infection by Zika, chikungunya or dengue fever during these outbreaks, as well as their variations among different subpopulations and epidemiological settings...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407256/the-influence-of-situation-awareness-training-on-nurses-confidence-about-patient-safety-skills-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Norman Stomski, Heather Gluyas, Prue Andrus, Anne Williams, Martin Hopkins, Jennifer Walters, Martinique Sandy, Paul Morrison
BACKGROUND: Several studies report that patient safety skills, especially non-technical skills, receive scant attention in nursing curricula. Hence, there is a compelling reason to incorporate material that enhances non-technical skills, such as situation awareness, in nursing curricula in order to assist in the reduction of healthcare related adverse events. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: 1) understand final year nursing students' confidence in their patient safety skills; and 2) examine the impact of situation awareness training on final year nursing students' confidence in their patient safety skills...
April 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362259/prognostic-factors-of-inhospital-death-in-elderly-patients-a-time-to-event-analysis-of-a-cohort-study-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#18
Lidvine Godaert, Seendy Bartholet, Fréderique Dorléans, Fatiha Najioullah, Sebastien Colas, Jean-Luc Fanon, André Cabié, Raymond Césaire, Moustapha Dramé
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to identify predictive factors of inhospital death in a population of patients aged 65 years or older hospitalised with Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection. The secondary aim was to develop and validate a predictive score for inhospital death based on the predictors identified. DESIGN: Longitudinal retrospective study from January to December 2014. SETTING: University Hospital of Martinique. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged ≥65 years, admitted to any clinical ward and who underwent reverse transcription PCR testing for CHIKV infection...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353134/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-pregnant-women-in-martinique-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-the-zika-virus-outbreak
#19
J Delet, A Cabié, S Merle, J-L Voluménie, A Monthieux
INTRODUCTION: The WHO and the HCSP recognize the Zika virus as a public health problem of international concern primarily because of the foetal risks. During the epidemic in Martinique, several modifications to the normal obstetrical follow-up were set up and information had to be delivered to pregnant women about these modifications, the attitudes to prevent infection and the signs motivating additional visits. The objective of our work was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women in Martinique about the risks associated with Zika infection during pregnancy in the immediate aftermath of the epidemic...
March 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290490/-suboptimal-care-and-severe-bacterial-infection-in-the-french-caribbean-area
#20
E Goisque, E Launay, B Vrignaud, E Jolivet, F Henaff, C Gras-Leguen
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency and types of suboptimal care in initial management of children suffering from a severe bacterial infection (SBI), in a French region where little is known about pediatric SBI epidemiology. METHOD: Retrospective single-center study over a 6-year period. Children between 3 months and 15 years of age, deceased or surviving and admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of the university-affiliated hospital of Martinique for a community-onset SBI were included in this study...
January 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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