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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940357/atypical-clinical-presentations-of-acute-phase-chikungunya-virus-infection-in-older-adults
#1
Lidvine Godaert, Fatiha Najioullah, Seendy Bartholet, Sébastien Colas, Sergio Yactayo, André Cabié, Jean-Luc Fanon, Raymond Césaire, Moustapha Dramé
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether the presentation of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection differs between older and younger adults with regard to clinical form during the acute phase defined by the World Health Organization: acute clinical, atypical, and severe acute. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, retrospective. SETTING: University Hospital of Martinique. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (n = 267, mean age 80...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931960/schusteria-marina-sp-nov-acari-oribatida-selenoribatidae-an-intertidal-mite-from-caribbean-coasts-with-remarks-on-taxonomy-biogeography-and-ecology
#2
Tobias Pfingstl, Andrea Lienhard
Schusteria marina sp. nov. is a newly discovered intertidal mite species found on the Lesser Antillean Islands of Martinique and Grenada. It represents the first record of the genus Schusteria within the Caribbean area. Schusteria marina sp. nov. is very similar to the type species, S. littorea from Brazil, but can be distinguished by its smaller body size, a median sternal dark sclerotized small ridge on epimeron I and a few other less pronounced differences. Both species are closely related and form a Western Atlantic Schusteria clade, which is characterized by the possession of a pair of faint anterior epimeral ridges...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902276/first-detection-of-dengue-and-chikungunya-viruses-in-natural-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-in-martinique-during-the-2013-2015-concomitant-outbreak
#3
Laurence Farraudière, Fabrice Sonor, Said Crico, Manuel Étienne, Laurence Mousson, Rodolphe Hamel, Dorothée Missé, Anna-Bella Failloux, Frédéric Simard, André Yébakima
Dengue and chikungunya viruses are transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. In Martinique, an island of the French West Indies, Aedes aegypti is the suspected vector of both arboviruses; there is no Aedes albopictus on the island. During the concomitant outbreak of 2013 - 2015, the authors collected wild A. aegypti populations, and for the first time, detected dengue and chikungunya viruses in field-collected females. This paper demonstrates the mosquito's role in transmission of both dengue and chikungunya on the island, and also highlights a tool that public health authorities can use for preventing outbreaks...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890409/the-strocss-statement-strengthening-the-reporting-of-cohort-studies-in-surgery
#4
Riaz Ahmed Agha, Mimi R Borrelli, Martinique Vella-Baldacchino, Rachel Thavayogan, Dennis P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The development of reporting guidelines over the past 20 years represents a major advance in scholarly publishing with recent evidence showing positive impacts. Whilst over 350 reporting guidelines exist, there are few that are specific to surgery. Here we describe the development of the STROCSS guideline (Strengthening the Reporting of Cohort Studies in Surgery). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We published our protocol apriori. Current guidelines for case series (PROCESS), cohort studies (STROBE) and randomised controlled trials (CONSORT) were analysed to compile a list of items which were used as baseline material for developing a suitable checklist for surgical cohort guidelines...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864878/self-rated-health-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-and-long-term-mortality-in-older-afro-caribbeans-hospitalised-via-the-emergency-department
#5
Lidvine Godaert, C Godard-Sebillotte, L Allard Saint-Albin, L Bousquet, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J-L Fanon, M Dramé
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-rated health (SRH) is an independent predictor for mortality in older Afro-Caribbean patients hospitalised for an acute condition. METHODS: Prospective cohort of patients recruited from the University Hospitals of Martinique Acute Care for Elders unit. Patients aged 75 or older and hospitalised for an acute condition were eligible. The outcome was time to death within the 36-week follow-up. SRH was the explanatory variable of interest...
September 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820696/new-surge-of-syphilis-among-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-martinique-in-2015
#6
Alain Putot, Benoît Rozé, Sandrine Pierre-François, Mathilde Pircher, Rosalie Vilain, Charline Miossec, Nicole Desbois, Patrick Hochedez, Karine Guitteaud, Ingrid Laudarin, Sylvie Abel, André Cabié
A syphilis outbreak began in Martinique, French Antilles, in 2004, initially among men who had sex with men (MSM) and who were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The outbreak subsequently affected all groups at risk, leading to a first epidemic peak in 2008. After an initial decrease, the outbreak started growing again in 2014 among patients living with HIV with unprecedented incidence among MSM. Herein, we describe the change in medical and social parameters of the outbreak since 2005.
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817648/screening-for-chikungunya-virus-infection-in-aged-people-development-and-internal-validation-of-a-new-score
#7
Lidvine Godaert, Seendy Bartholet, Fatiha Najioullah, Maxime Hentzien, Jean-Luc Fanon, Raymond Césaire, Moustapha Dramé
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to derive and validate a score for Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection screening in old people admitted to acute care units. METHODS: This study was performed in the Martinique University Hospitals from retrospective cases. Patients were aged 65+, admitted to acute care units for suspected CHIKV infection in 2014, with biological testing using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). RT-PCR was used as the gold standard...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783135/enzymatic-and-pro-inflammatory-activities-of-bothrops-lanceolatus-venom-relevance-for-envenomation
#8
Marie Delafontaine, Isadora Maria Villas-Boas, Laurence Mathieu, Patrice Josset, Joël Blomet, Denise V Tambourgi
Bothrops lanceolatus, commonly named 'Fer-de-Lance', is an endemic snake of the French Caribbean Island of Martinique. Envenomations by B. lanceolatus present clinical aspects characterized by systemic thrombotic syndrome and important local inflammation, involving edema and pain but limited hemorrhage. To investigate mechanisms of venom-induced inflammation, B. lanceolatus venom was characterized, its cross-reactivity with bothropic antivenom explored, its cytotoxicity on human keratinocytes and vascular cells, and the production of cytokines and chemokines were analyzed...
August 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782524/the-psycho-hormonal-influence-of-anaerobic-fatigue-on-semi-professional-female-soccer-players
#9
Adéle Broodryk, Cindy Pienaar, David Edwards, Martinique Sparks
Globally it is assumed that high-intensity activities are the general cause of fatigue experienced during a soccer match. However, little is known about the hormonal and psychological effects of fatigue due to these activities on semi-professional female soccer players. Forty-seven female players (22.0±2.7y) from a tertiary education institution volunteered for the study. Their cortisol values (saliva sample), anxiety [Spielberger State-trait anxiety inventory questionnaire (STAI)] and mood scores [Incredible Short Profile of Mood states questionnaire (ISP)] were taken an hour and immediately prior to, and 15min after an anaerobic fatiguing test (AFT)...
August 4, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729711/an-ecological-and-digital-epidemiology-analysis-on-the-role-of-human-behavior-on-the-2014-chikungunya-outbreak-in-martinique
#10
Benjamin Roche, Béatrice Gaillard, Lucas Léger, Renélise Pélagie-Moutenda, Thomas Sochacki, Bernard Cazelles, Martine Ledrans, Alain Blateau, Didier Fontenille, Manuel Etienne, Frédéric Simard, Marcel Salathé, André Yébakima
Understanding the spatio-temporal dynamics of endemic infections is of critical importance for a deeper understanding of pathogen transmission, and for the design of more efficient public health strategies. However, very few studies in this domain have focused on emerging infections, generating a gap of knowledge that hampers epidemiological response planning. Here, we analyze the case of a Chikungunya outbreak that occurred in Martinique in 2014. Using time series estimates from a network of sentinel practitioners covering the entire island, we first analyze the spatio-temporal dynamics and show that the largest city has served as the epicenter of this epidemic...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722564/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-chikungunya-description-of-all-cases-diagnosed-during-the-2014-outbreak-in-the-french-west-indies
#11
Stephanie Balavoine, Mathilde Pircher, Bruno Hoen, Cecile Herrmann-Storck, Fatiha Najioullah, Benjamin Madeux, Aissatou Signate, Ruddy Valentino, Annie Lannuzel, Magali Saint Louis, Sylvie Cassadou, André Cabié, Kinda Schepers
The Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been reported as a possible complication of acute chikungunya infection. The chikungunya epidemics, which occurred in Martinique and Guadeloupe in 2014, affected 308,000 people in these two islands. GBS occurred during or immediately after acute chikungunya infection in 13 patients (10 men, three women; mean age: 61 years). Median time from acute chikungunya to GBS onset was 9 days. Twelve patients were treated with intravenous polyvalent immunoglobulins, nine of whom improved within 7 days...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719311/infective-endocarditis-in-french-west-indies-a-13-year-observational-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Elisabeth Fernandes, Claude Olive, Jocelyn Inamo, François Roques, André Cabié, Patrick Hochedez
We conducted an observational study to describe the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in French West Indies (FWI) and to identify variables associated with in-hospital case fatality. The records of the patients admitted for IE to the University Hospital of Martinique between 2000 and 2012 were collected using an electronic case report form. Only Duke-Li definite cases were considered for this analysis. Variables associated with in-hospital mortality were tested using univariate logistic regression analysis...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699857/differences-in-the-growth-properties-of-zika-virus-foetal-brain-isolate-and-related-epidemic-strains-in-vitro
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Suvi Kuivanen, Essi M Korhonen, Alma-Aurora Helisten, Eili Huhtamo, Teemu Smura, Olli Vapalahti
Zika virus (ZIKV) has recently emerged into new areas in the Americas and Asia, causing an epidemic characterized by severe congenital infections. While ZIKV infection is usually asymptomatic or causes mild symptoms, it has now caused a high rate of foetal brain and ocular abnormalities. The underlying reasons for the varying severity of disease outcomes is poorly understood. In this study, we compared the infectivity and replication of three disease-associated Zika viruses of Asian lineage, as well as the prototypic ZIKV strain from Africa...
July 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699005/study-of-chlordecone-desorption-from-activated-carbons-and-subsequent-dechlorination-by-reduced-cobalamin
#14
Ronald Ranguin, Axelle Durimel, Reeka Karioua, Sarra Gaspard
Since 1972, the French departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique have intensively used organochlorinated pesticides such as chlordecone (CLD) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers to prevent the proliferation of banana weevil (Cosmopolite sordidus). These molecules are stable in the environment, leading to a continuous contamination of soils, water, and food chain in the banana-producing areas. In these polluted areas, water treatment plants are equipped with activated carbon (AC) filters. In order to improve treatment of CLD-contaminated waters by AC, CLD adsorption and desorption kinetic studies are carried out using different ACs produced from sugar cane bagasse as adsorbents and subsequent CLD degradation is performed using reduced vitamin B12 (VB12)...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692894/occurrence-survey-and-spatial-distribution-of-perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-surfactants-in-groundwater-surface-water-and-sediments-from-tropical-environments
#15
Gabriel Munoz, Pierre Labadie, Fabrizio Botta, François Lestremau, Benjamin Lopez, Emmanuel Geneste, Patrick Pardon, Marie-Hélène Dévier, Hélène Budzinski
The occurrence and spatial distribution of 22 selected perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in surface water (n=75), groundwater (n=80) and surficial sediment (n=15) were investigated for the first time in the tropical areas constituted by the French Overseas Territories (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion). Descriptive statistics and correlations between PFASs were evaluated through the use of specific statistical treatments to handle left-censored data ("non-detects")...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658936/associations-of-multimorbid-medical-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-african-american-men
#16
Olivio J Clay, Martinique Perkins, Gail Wallace, Michael Crowe, Patricia Sawyer, Cynthia J Brown
Background: African American (AA) men battling multiple morbidities are tasked with managing the components of each condition and are at greater risk for adverse outcomes such as poor health-related quality of life (QOL), disability, and higher mortality rates. Method: Baseline data for AA men from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging were utilized. Factor analysis was used to categorize medical conditions and create factor scores. Covariate-adjusted regression models assessed the relationships between categories of conditions and physical and mental health-related QOL as assessed by the SF-12...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649938/epidemiology-and-survival-of-cervical-cancer-in-the-french-west-indies-data-from-the-martinique-cancer-registry-2002-2011
#17
K Melan, E Janky, J Macni, S Ulric-Gervaise, M-J Dorival, J Veronique-Baudin, C Joachim
BACKGROUND: The Caribbean ranks seventh among world regions most affected by cervical cancer. Social health inequalities, such as differences in access to screening services, engender disparities in incidence and mortality between low- and middle-income countries and industrialized countries. The French National Cancer Plan 2014-2019 focuses on reducing inequalities in cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the geographical distribution and overall survival of cervical cancer, based on data from a population-based cancer registry in Martinique (French West-Indies)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644889/evaluation-of-different-serological-assays-for-early-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christophe Courdurie, Yohann Le Govic, Pascale Bourhy, Dorothee Alexer, Karine Pailla, Rafaelle Theodose, Raymond Cesaire, Jacques Rosine, Patrick Hochedez, Claude Olive
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a potentially life-threatening but curable zoonosis whose prognosis depends on accurate and timely diagnosis. Because of its non-specific clinical presentation, laboratory testing is essential to confirm the diagnosis. Here, we aimed to assess the performance of two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) (ELISA Serion and ELISA-Hb Pasteur) and one immunodot (GenBio) using quantitative PCR (qPCR) as gold standard, instead of the traditional microscopic agglutination test, for the diagnosis of acute leptospirosis in an endemic area...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641228/relationships-between-past-and-present-pesticide-applications-and-pollution-at-a-watershed-outlet-the-case-of-a-horticultural-catchment-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#19
Charles Mottes, Magalie Lesueur Jannoyer, Marianne Le Bail, Mathilde Guéné, Céline Carles, Eric Malézieux
The understanding of factors affecting pesticide transfers to catchment outlet is still at a very early stage in tropical context, and especially on tropical volcanic context. We performed on-farm pesticide use surveys during 87 weeks and monitored pesticides in water weekly during 67 weeks at the outlet of a small catchment in Martinique. We identified three types of pollution. First, we showed long-term chronic pollution by chlordecone, diuron and metolachlor resulting from horticultural practices applied 5-20 years ago (quantification frequency higher than 80%)...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624921/lung-adenocarcinoma-survival-in-egfr-mutated-african-caribbean-patients-a-multicenter-study-in-the-french-west-indies
#20
Nicolas Leduc, Vincent Atallah, Moustapha Agossou, Vincent Vinh-Hung, Mathieu Orre, Paul Sargos, Vincent Molinie
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Shorter survival has been repeatedly reported for patients of African ancestry. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that this gap could be a consequence of socio-economic disparities instead of genetic specificities. However, those results were obtained in a pre-targeted therapies era and the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting EGFR are not known in this population. OBJECTIVE: In this French West Indies study, we report overall survival (OS) in a frequently mutated population treated for lung adenocarcinoma within an equal-access healthcare system...
June 18, 2017: Targeted Oncology
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