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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860475/-new-diagnostic-imaging-technique-shear-wave-elastography
#1
M Zemanová
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a new non-invasive diagnostic imaging technique, that maps the elastic properties of tissues. Nowadays this modality develops increasingly in medicine across its disciplines and opens a new era of high-quality ultrasound examination because it increases the specificity and thus improves diagnostic assurance. This method is similar to manual palpation, shows elastic properties of biological tissues and provides a kind of reconstruction of the internal structure of soft tissues based on measurement of the response of tissue compression...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829652/pediatric-gastroenterology-in-cuba-evolution-and-challenges
#2
Carlos Castañeda-Guillot
INTRODUCTION The professional practice of pediatric gastroenterology arose in Cuba as an expression of the specialty's development internationally and Cuba's new strategies in public health, and in response to national needs for health care expertise in digestive diseases of infants, older children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES Describe the history of pediatric gastroenterology's development in Cuba since its inception at the National Gastroenterology Institute in the early 1970s, its contributions, and efforts to extend it to pediatric hospitals throughout Cuba...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792252/questionnaire-based-survey-in-a-developing-country-showing-non-compliance-with-paediatric-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-practice-guidelines
#3
Hayat Manasfi, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Imad Akel, Nadine Yazbeck
AIM: This 2015 study investigated whether Lebanese paediatricians diagnosed and managed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants and children in accordance with the 2009 guidelines from the North American and European Societies for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. METHODS: Paediatricians members of the Lebanese Order of Physicians with updated email addresses were invited to complete a web-based survey between September and November 2015, to assess their knowledge and management of GERD...
October 28, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784430/-prognostic-value-of-a-logistic-regression-model-based-on-keratin-18-in-patients-with-hbv-related-liver-failure
#4
Q R Gan, X Y Jiang, X Zhang, M S Chen, C Pan
Objective: To investigate the association between serum keratin 18 (K18) level and prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: A total of 120 patients who visited Department of Hepatology in Fuzhou Infectious Disease Hospital and were diagnosed with HBV-related ACLF from December 2012 to March 2014 were enrolled and followed up for 3 months. The patients were divided into death group and survival group. The serum levels of K18 fragments (M30 and M65) were measured and related laboratory data were collected to analyze the differences in M30, M65, M30/M65, and other laboratory markers...
July 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610350/significant-variations-in-nutritional-supplementation-amongst-neonates-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Morris Gordon, Sahira Isaji, Fiona Tyacke
AIM: To ascertain United Kingdom adherence to European society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition guidance (ESPGHAN). METHODS: A national cross sectional questionnaire study of neonatal units across England was completed between January and March 2014. All 174 units in the country were attempted to be contacted to complete a telephone survey. This included all level 1, 2 and 3 units. They were initially contacted by phone and asking any senior member of the team about their current practice and procedures...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590261/indications-for-liver-transplantation-in-adults-recommendations-of-the-austrian-society-for-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-%C3%A3-ggh-in-cooperation-with-the-austrian-society-for-transplantation-transfusion-and-genetics-atx
#6
Ivo Graziadei, Heinz Zoller, Peter Fickert, Stefan Schneeberger, Armin Finkenstedt, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Helmut Müller, Claudia Kohl, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Stephan Eschertzhuber, Harald Hofer, Dietmar Öfner, Herbert Tilg, Wolfgang Vogel, Michael Trauner, Gabriela Berlakovich
Liver transplantation has emerged as an established and well-accepted therapeutic option for patients with acute and chronic liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. The disproportion between recipients and donors is still an ongoing problem that has only been solved partially over the last centuries. For several patients no life-saving organs can be distributed. Therefore, objective and internationally established recommendations regarding indication and organ allocation are imperative. The aim of this article is to establish evidence-based recommendations regarding the evaluation and assessment of adult candidates for liver transplantation...
October 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544545/the-challenges-of-multi-drug-resistance-in-hepatology
#7
Javier Fernández, Frédéric Bert, Marie-Hélène Nicolas-Chanoine
Antimicrobial resistance has become a major global public health security problem that needs coordinated approaches at regional, national and international levels. Antibiotic overuse and the failure of control measures to prevent the spread of resistant bacteria in the healthcare environment have led to an alarming increase in the number of infections caused by resistant bacteria, organisms that resist many (multi-drug and extensively drug-resistant strains), if not all (pan-drug-resistant bacteria) currently available antibiotics...
November 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506929/novel-educational-interventions-in-residency-increase-knowledge-of-chronic-liver-disease-and-career-interest-in-hepatology
#8
Adam E Mikolajczyk, Jeanne M Farnan, John F McConville, Donald M Jensen, K Gautham Reddy, Helen S Te, Nancy Reau, Andrew I Aronsohn
: There is an increasing burden of chronic liver disease (CLD) in the United States but a significant shortage of hepatologists. Thus, it is necessary to develop new recruitment strategies to the field of hepatology as well as ensure that non-gastroenterology-trained physicians are able to capably assist in the care of CLD. We established a novel, nonelective, inpatient hepatology rotation that uses required modules in the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases Curriculum and Training-First Hepatitis B and C curriculums as well as in LiverLearning...
August 10, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246646/-infectious-and-other-somatic-comorbidity-in-problem-drug-users-results-of-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study-with-medical-examination
#9
V Mravčík, Z Florián, V Nečas, J Štolfa
BACKGROUND: Problem drug use is associated with excess risk of infectious and other somatic diseases resulting mainly from injecting drug use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At the end of 2013, a complete medical history and physical examination was done in 40 problem drug users (30 males and 10 females), mean age 35.5 years (37.0 and 30.9, respectively), recruited in 4 low-threshold facilities in Prague. Of them, 37 were ex- or active injecting drug users, predominantly of methamphetamine (pervitin) and less often of buprenorphine...
2016: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226805/hepatitis-monthly-an-international-journal-in-the-field-of-hepatology
#10
Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Seyed Hassan Sa'adat, Seyed Moayed Alavian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122670/influence-of-antibiotic-regimens-on-intensive-care-unit-mortality-and-liver-cirrhosis-as-risk-factor
#11
Mireen Friedrich-Rust, Beate Wanger, Florian Heupel, Natalie Filmann, Reinhard Brodt, Volkhard Aj Kempf, Johanna Kessel, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Eva Herrmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Joerg Bojunga
AIM: To assess the rate of infection, appropriateness of antimicrobial-therapy and mortality on intensive care unit (ICU). Special focus was drawn on patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The study was approved by the local ethical committee. All patients admitted to the Internal Medicine-ICU between April 1, 2007 and December 31, 2009 were included. Data were extracted retrospectively from all patients using patient charts and electronic documentations on infection, microbiological laboratory reports, diagnosis and therapy...
April 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101938/an-international-consensus-report-on-a-new-algorithm-for-the-management-of-infant-diarrhoea
#12
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Yvan Vandenplas, Marc Benninga, Ilse Broekaert, Jackie Falconer, Frederic Gottrand, Carlos Lifschitz, Paolo Lionetti, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Silvia Salvatore, Raanan Shamir, Michela Schäppi, Annamaria Staiano, Hania Szajewska, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Alfredo Guarino
AIM: Implementing international guidelines guarantees high standards of clinical care. A group of experts developed an algorithm to drive the management of common gastrointestinal symptoms in infancy by paediatricians and general practitioners. METHODS: The algorithm started from the evidence-based recommendations of the European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and an updated review of the literature...
August 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045603/ganoderma-lucidum-reishi-mushroom-for-cancer-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Xingzhong Jin, Julieta Ruiz Beguerie, Daniel Man-Yeun Sze, Godfrey C F Chan
BACKGROUND: Ganoderma lucidum is a natural medicine that is widely used and recommended by Asian physicians and naturopaths for its supporting effects on immune system. Laboratory research and a handful of preclinical trials have suggested that G. lucidum carries promising anticancer and immunomodulatory properties. The popularity of taking G. lucidum as an alternative medicine has been increasing in cancer patients. However, there is no systematic review that has been conducted to evaluate the actual benefits of G...
April 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855532/clinical-nutrition-in-the-hepatogastroenterology-curriculum
#14
Chris Jj Mulder, Geert Ja Wanten, Carol E Semrad, Palle B Jeppesen, Hinke M Kruizenga, Nicolette J Wierdsma, Matthijs E Grasman, Adriaan A van Bodegraven
Gastroenterology (GE) used to be considered a subspecialty of internal medicine. Today, GE is generally recognized as a wide-ranging specialty incorporating capacities, such as hepatology, oncology and interventional endoscopy, necessitating GE-expert differentiation. Although the European Board of Gastroenterology and Hepatology has defined specific expertise areas in Advanced endoscopy, hepatology, digestive oncology and clinical nutrition, training for the latter topic is lacking in the current hepatogastroenterology (HGE) curriculum...
February 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820615/aisf-simti-position-paper-the-appropriate-use-of-albumin-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#15
Paolo Caraceni, Paolo Angeli, Daniele Prati, Mauro Bernardi, Giancarlo M Liumbruno, Francesco Bennardello, Pierluigi Piccoli, Claudio Velati
The use of human albumin is common in hepatology since international scientific societies support its administration to treat or prevent severe complications of cirrhosis, such as the prevention of post-paracentesis circulatory dysfunction after large-volume paracentesis and renal failure induced by spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome in association with vasoconstrictors. However, these indications are often disregarded, mainly because the high cost of human albumin leads health authorities and hospital administrations to restrict its use...
January 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26805028/chinese-expert-consensus-on-the-endoscopic-management-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-2015-shanghai-china
#16
Jin Huan Lin, Jun Fang, Dong Wang, He Zhong Chen, Qiang Guo, Xue Gang Guo, Shu Tang Han, Li Ping He, Shui Xiang He, Hui Qing Jiang, Zhen Dong Jin, Xun Li, Zhuan Liao, Bing Mei, Xu Ren, Yong Jin Tang, Bang Mao Wang, Li Wang, Hong Xu, Lei Ming Xu, Xu Chao Xue, Yu Xiu Yang, Xiao Feng Zhang, Zi Qi Zhang, Hong Liang Zheng, Fa Chao Zhi, Liang Zhong, Duo Wu Zou, Xiao Ping Zou, Zhao Shen Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802734/aisf-simti-position-paper-the-appropriate-use-of-albumin-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#17
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The use of human albumin is common in hepatology since international scientific societies support its administration to treat or prevent severe complications of cirrhosis, such as the prevention of post-paracentesis circulatory dysfunction after large-volume paracentesis and renal failure induced by spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome in association with vasoconstrictors. However, these indications are often disregarded, mainly because the high cost of human albumin leads health authorities and hospital administrations to restrict its use...
January 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776157/the-calm-before-the-storm-a-report-from-the-international-liver-cancer-association-congress-2015-part-2
#18
Giuseppe Cabibbo, Maria Reig, Gennaro Gadaleta-Caldarola, Giovanni Galati, Giuseppe Lombardi, GianCarlo Mazza, Luca Marzi, Carlo Saitta, Jean-Charles Nault, Rodolfo Sacco
International Liver Cancer Association Congress 2015, Paris, France, 4-6 September 2015 Since its creation 9 years ago, in 2007, the International Liver Cancer Association has focused on the multidisciplinary approach to liver cancer due to advances in hepatology science and care worldwide. In its 2015 annual conference, held on 4-6 September in Paris, France, the most recent progresses in the basic biology, management and treatment of liver cancer have been presented. This report, divided into two parts, introduces and critically reviews some of the most intriguing topics discussed at the meeting...
February 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26775918/the-calm-before-the-storm-a-report-from-the-international-liver-cancer-association-congress-2015-part-1
#19
Giuseppe Cabibbo, Maria Reig, Gennaro Gadaleta-Caldarola, Giovanni Galati, Giuseppe Lombardi, GianCarlo Mazza, Luca Marzi, Carlo Saitta, Jean-Charles Nault, Rodolfo Sacco
International Liver Cancer Association Congress 2015, Paris, France, 4-6 September 2015 Since its creation 9 years ago, in 2007, the International Liver Cancer Association has focused on the multidisciplinary approach to liver cancer due to advances in hepatology science and care worldwide. In its 2015 annual conference, held on 4-6 September in Paris, France, the most recent progresses in the basic biology, management and treatment of liver cancer have been presented. This report, divided into two parts, introduces and critically reviews some of the most intriguing topics discussed at the meeting...
February 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26667616/-cirrhosis-of-the-liver-and-hcv
#20
REVIEW
Václav Hejda
Cirrhosis of the liver is the final morphological stage of most liver diseases with subsequent risk of decompensation and complications (portal hypertension, HCC). At present it is apparent, however, that a dynamic two-way process is involved with a possibility of further progression, but also regression of fibrosis/cirrhosis provided that causal treatment of the basic hepatologic disease is possible. Determining the stage and level of fibrosis progression is absolutely key to further care of the patient, establishment of the prognosis and possibly the treatment indication...
November 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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