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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063233/austrian-consensus-guidelines-on-the-management-and-treatment-of-portal-hypertension-billroth%C3%A2-iii
#1
Thomas Reiberger, Andreas Püspök, Maria Schoder, Franziska Baumann-Durchschein, Theresa Bucsics, Christian Datz, Werner Dolak, Arnulf Ferlitsch, Armin Finkenstedt, Ivo Graziadei, Stephanie Hametner, Franz Karnel, Elisabeth Krones, Andreas Maieron, Mattias Mandorfer, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Florian Rainer, Philipp Schwabl, Vanessa Stadlbauer, Rudolf Stauber, Herbert Tilg, Michael Trauner, Heinz Zoller, Rainer Schöfl, Peter Fickert
The Billroth III guidelines were developed during a consensus meeting of the Austrian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (ÖGGH) and the Austrian Society of Interventional Radiology (ÖGIR) held on 18 February 2017 in Vienna. Based on international guidelines and considering recent landmark studies, the Billroth III recommendations aim to help physicians in guiding diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in patients with portal hypertension.
October 23, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913374/comparison-of-the-nutritional-values-of-infant-formulas-available-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Abdulhadi Hesn Almazrooy, Abdulrahman Mohammad Alturki, Afaf Mubarak Aljohani, Abeer Alraddadi, Abdulrahman Muslim Allogmani
Introduction. Optimum growth and development are best achieved by breastfeeding, which is the safest source for infant feeding. Mothers in Saudi Arabia start to breastfeed their infants but soon introduce formula brands. Objective. To assess the safety and nutritional adequacy of the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market. Methods. An observational study has compared between 5 types of infant formula brands; they were chosen based on their international popularity. Also, they are considered as the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755196/the-qu%C3%A3-bec-ntbc-study
#3
Fernando Alvarez, Suzanne Atkinson, Manon Bouchard, Catherine Brunel-Guitton, Daniela Buhas, Jean-François Bussières, Josée Dubois, Daphna Fenyves, Paul Goodyer, Martyne Gosselin, Ugur Halac, Patrick Labbé, Rachel Laframboise, Bruno Maranda, Serge Melançon, Aicha Merouani, Grant A Mitchell, John Mitchell, Guy Parizeault, Luc Pelletier, Véronique Phan, Jean-François Turcotte
In this chapter we describe the current Quebec NTBC Study protocol. Quebec's unique characteristics have influenced the development of the protocol, including a high prevalence of hepatorenal tyrosinemia (HT1), universal newborn screening for HT1, availability of treatment with nitisinone (NTBC) and special diet, a large territory, where HT1 treatment is coordinated by a small number of centers. Screened newborns are seen within 3 weeks of birth. Patients with liver dysfunction (prolonged prothrombin time and/or international normalized ratio (INR) provide sensitive, rapidly available indicators) are treated by NTBC and special diet...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752601/progression-of-hepatitis-c-in-the-haemophiliac-population-in-ireland-after-30-years-of-infection-in-the-pre-daa-treatment-era
#4
N Murphy, B O'Mahony, P Flanagan, D Noone, B White, C Bergin, S Norris, L Thornton
INTRODUCTION: Prior to the introduction of viral inactivation of factor concentrates and screening of blood, 225 people with haemophilia became infected with hepatitis C (HCV) in Ireland. AIM: Our aim was to assess liver disease progression and mortality in this population after 30 years of infection. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data were collected from medical records in five hepatology units and one infectious disease unit retrospectively in 2005, and on four subsequent occasions...
September 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683982/research-priorities-to-achieve-universal-access-to-hepatitis-c-prevention-management-and-direct-acting-antiviral-treatment-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#5
Jason Grebely, Julie Bruneau, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Olav Dalgard, Philip Bruggmann, Carla Treloar, Matthew Hickman, Margaret Hellard, Teri Roberts, Levinia Crooks, Håvard Midgard, Sarah Larney, Louisa Degenhardt, Hannu Alho, Jude Byrne, John F Dillon, Jordan J Feld, Graham Foster, David Goldberg, Andrew R Lloyd, Jens Reimer, Geert Robaeys, Marta Torrens, Nat Wright, Icro Maremmani, Brianna L Norton, Alain H Litwin, Gregory J Dore
Globally, it is estimated that 71.1 million people have chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, including an estimated 7.5 million people who have recently injected drugs (PWID). There is an additional large, but unquantified, burden among those PWID who have ceased injecting. The incidence of HCV infection among current PWID also remains high in many settings. Morbidity and mortality due to liver disease among PWID with HCV infection continues to increase, despite the advent of well-tolerated, simple interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) HCV regimens with cure rates >95%...
September 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624578/accuracy-in-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-without-biopsies-in%C3%A2-clinical-practice
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Katharina Julia Werkstetter, Ilma Rita Korponay-Szabó, Alina Popp, Vincenzo Villanacci, Marianna Salemme, Gabriele Heilig, Søren Thue Lillevang, Maria Luisa Mearin, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Adrian Thomas, Riccardo Troncone, Birgit Filipiak, Markku Mäki, Judit Gyimesi, Mehri Najafi, Jernej Dolinšek, Stine Dydensborg Sander, Renata Auricchio, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Andreas Vécsei, Peter Szitanyi, Ester Donat, Rafaella Nenna, Philippe Alliet, Francesca Penagini, Hélène Garnier-Lengliné, Gemma Castillejo, Kalle Kurppa, Raanan Shamir, Almuthe Christine Hauer, Françoise Smets, Susana Corujeira, Myriam van Winckel, Stefan Buderus, Sonny Chong, Steffen Husby, Sibylle Koletzko
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The guidelines of the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition allow for diagnosis of celiac disease without biopsies in children with symptoms and levels of immunoglobulin A against tissue-transglutaminase (TGA-IgA) 10-fold or more the upper limit of normal (ULN), confirmed by detection of endomysium antibodies (EMA) and positivity for HLA-DQ2/DQ8. We performed a large, international prospective study to validate this approach. METHODS: We collected data from consecutive pediatric patients (18 years or younger) on a gluten-containing diet who tested positive for TGA-IgA from November 2011 through May 2014, seen at 33 pediatric gastroenterology units in 21 countries...
October 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579728/easl-international-liver-congress-2017
#7
Walter Alexander
The latest in hepatology research was presented at this year's European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) International Liver Congress.
June 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440305/acute-kidney-injury-in-cirrhosis-baseline-serum-creatinine-predicts-patient-outcomes
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
F Wong, J G O'Leary, K R Reddy, G Garcia-Tsao, M B Fallon, S W Biggins, R M Subramanian, P J Thuluvath, P S Kamath, H Patton, B Maliakkal, P Tandon, H Vargas, L Thacker, J S Bajaj
OBJECTIVES: The International Ascites Club (IAC) recently defined Stage 1 acute kidney injury (AKI) for cirrhosis as an acute increase in serum creatinine (SCr) by ≥0.3 mg/dl or by ≥50% in <48 h from a stable value within 3 months. The baseline SCr may influence AKI risk and patient outcomes. The objective of this study is to determine in cirrhosis whether the baseline SCr has any effect on the in-hospital AKI course and patient survival. METHODS: North American Consortium for the Study of End-Stage Liver Disease is a consortium of tertiary-care hepatology centers prospectively enroling non-elective cirrhotic inpatients...
July 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396038/severe-reduction-of-blood-lysosomal-acid-lipase-activity-in-cryptogenic-cirrhosis-a-nationwide-multicentre-cohort-study
#9
Francesco Angelico, Stefano Ginanni Corradini, Daniele Pastori, Silvia Fargion, Anna Ludovica Fracanzani, Mario Angelico, Luigi Bolondi, Giulia Tozzi, Pietro Luigi Pujatti, Giancarlo Labbadia, Gino Roberto Corazza, Maurizio Averna, Francesco Perticone, Giuseppe Croce, Marcello Persico, Tommaso Bucci, Francesco Baratta, Licia Polimeni, Maria Del Ben, Francesco Violi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Blood lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is reduced in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which is the major cause of cryptogenic cirrhosis (CC); few data on LAL activity in CC do exist. We investigated LAL activity in a cohort of patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: This is a multicentre cohort study including 274 patients with liver cirrhosis of different aetiology from 19 centres of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology distributed throughout Italy...
July 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341083/scientific-publications-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-in-taiwan-an-analysis-of-web-of-science-from-1993-to-2013
#10
Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, I-Hsuan Hwang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Han-Chieh Lin, Ming-Chih Hou, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Scientific publications are important for evaluating the achievements of a medical specialty or discipline. Gastroenterology and Hepatology is a medical specialty in great demand in Taiwan, therefore, this study aimed to analyze the Gastroenterology and Hepatology publications from 1993 to 2013 in Taiwan, using the Web of Science (WoS) database. METHODS: Scientific publications from departments/institutes of gastroenterology and hepatology were retrieved and analyzed from the WoS database, which included articles published in the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index journals from 1993 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#11
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199778/a-national-retrospective-study-of-paediatric-end-stage-liver-disease-as-a-predictor-of-change-to-second-line-therapy-in-children-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#12
Andréanne N Zizzo, Carolina Jimenez-Rivera, Joseph Kim, Richard A Schreiber, Simon C Ling, Jason Yap, Jeff Critch, Najma Ahmed, Fernando Alvarez, Binita M Kamath
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adult studies of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) have shown that the model of end-stage liver disease is associated with resistance to first-line treatment. Using a multicentre retrospective database, we sought to determine if the paediatric end-stage liver disease (PELD) score would similarly predict treatment resistance in paediatric AIH. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-one children from 13 Canadian centres who fulfilled the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) criteria were included and assessed for change to second-line therapy within 24 months of primary treatment onset...
October 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147426/-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#13
Ľubomír Skladaný, Silvia Kasová, Anna Purgelová, Natália Bystrianska, Svetlana Adamcová-Selčanová
AIM OF STUDY: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the most frequent infectious complication of liver cirrhosis with serious consequences. Initially, SBP is always treated with empirical, not targeted, antibiotic therapy. Since a retrospective study performed in our department showed suboptimal effectiveness (only 40 %) of empirical antibiotic therapy in accordance with the EASL guidelines, a decision was made to change the protocol. The aims of this prospective study were to determine: (1) the incidence and characteristics of SBP in real clinical practice - in a liver unit of a tertiary hospital, (2) the effectiveness of new antibiotic therapy selected based on analysis of the spectrum of pathogens and their resistance to antibiotics as identified in a retrospective cohort study on SBP carried out in our department, (3) mortality, and to compare these findings with the literature data...
December 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139500/variation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-care-among-saudi-pediatric-gastroenterologists
#14
Ahmed A Al-Sarkhy
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although international guidelines in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management are currently available, variations in IBD care still exist. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of the variation in IBD care among Saudi pediatric gastroenterologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all pediatric gastroenterologists who were members of the Saudi Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (SASPGHAN) from August 2015 to December 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073419/-the-2016-annual-meeting-of-chinese-society-of-hepatology-the-3rd-forum-of-youngth-committee-of-csh-the-6th-conference-of-the-china-indonesia-joint-international-symposium-on-hepatobiliary-medicine-and-surgery-6th-cishms
#15
Z P Duan, Y Chen, S J Zheng, L Zhou, M Liu, H B Shi, L Bai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051785/%C3%A2-celebrating-fifteen-years-of-annals-of-hepatology-publication-the-international-open-access-clinical-journal-devoted-to-liver-diseases
#16
Rolf Teschke, Eric M Yoshida, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860475/-new-diagnostic-imaging-technique-shear-wave-elastography
#17
M Zemanová
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a new non-invasive diagnostic imaging technique, that maps the elastic properties of tissues. Nowadays this modality develops increasingly in medicine across its disciplines and opens a new era of high-quality ultrasound examination because it increases the specificity and thus improves diagnostic assurance. This method is similar to manual palpation, shows elastic properties of biological tissues and provides a kind of reconstruction of the internal structure of soft tissues based on measurement of the response of tissue compression...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829652/pediatric-gastroenterology-in-cuba-evolution-and-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Carlos Castañeda-Guillot
INTRODUCTION The professional practice of pediatric gastroenterology arose in Cuba as an expression of the specialty's development internationally and Cuba's new strategies in public health, and in response to national needs for health care expertise in digestive diseases of infants, older children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES Describe the history of pediatric gastroenterology's development in Cuba since its inception at the National Gastroenterology Institute in the early 1970s, its contributions, and efforts to extend it to pediatric hospitals throughout Cuba...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792252/questionnaire-based-survey-in-a-developing-country-showing-noncompliance-with-paediatric-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-practice-guidelines
#19
Hayat Manasfi, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Imad Akel, Nadine Yazbeck
AIM: This 2015 study investigated whether Lebanese paediatricians diagnosed and managed gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants and children in accordance with the 2009 guidelines from the North American and European Societies for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. METHODS: Paediatricians members of the Lebanese Order of Physicians with updated email addresses were invited to complete a web-based survey between September and November 2015, to assess their knowledge and management of GERD...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784430/-prognostic-value-of-a-logistic-regression-model-based-on-keratin-18-in-patients-with-hbv-related-liver-failure
#20
Q R Gan, X Y Jiang, X Zhang, M S Chen, C Pan
Objective: To investigate the association between serum keratin 18 (K18) level and prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: A total of 120 patients who visited Department of Hepatology in Fuzhou Infectious Disease Hospital and were diagnosed with HBV-related ACLF from December 2012 to March 2014 were enrolled and followed up for 3 months. The patients were divided into death group and survival group. The serum levels of K18 fragments (M30 and M65) were measured and related laboratory data were collected to analyze the differences in M30, M65, M30/M65, and other laboratory markers...
July 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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