Read by QxMD icon Read

sepsis 2016

A Torri, S Bertini, P Schiavone, F Congestrì, M Matteucci, M Sparacino, G Testa, M F Pedna, V Sambri
Shewanella algae are Gram-negative, nonfermentative, motile bacilli, classified in the genus Shewanella in 1985. These environmental bacteria are occasionally identified in human infections, with a relatively strong association with exposure to seawater during warm seasons. This report describes a case series of 17 patients with infection correlated to S. algae in the coastal area of Romagna, Italy, from 2013 to 2016. The types of infection included otitis, pneumonia, sepsis and soft tissue (wound). Exposure to the marine environment during hot months was confirmed in 12 of 17 patients...
May 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
Shaden Jobran, Randa Kattan, Jamal Shamaa, Hiyam Marzouqa, Musa Hindiyeh
BACKGROUND: Human adenoviruses have an important role in paediatric respiratory tract infections. They are estimated to cause 2-5% of the overall respiratory tract infections and 4-10% of all pneumonias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation and effect of adenoviral infection on the management of infected infants. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of patients infected with adenovirus and admitted to Caritas Baby Hospital...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Hamza A Rayes, Ankit Sakhuja, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Jeffrey B Geske, Jacob C Jentzer
The data on speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) in patients with sepsis are limited. This systematic review from 1975 to 2016 included studies in adults and children evaluating cardiovascular dysfunction in sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock utilizing STE for systolic global longitudinal strain (GLS). The primary outcome was short- or long-term mortality. Given the significant methodological and statistical differences between published studies, combining the data using meta-analysis methods was not appropriate...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Konstadinos Plestis, Oleg Orlov, Vishal N Shah, Joshua Wong, Matthew Thomas, Alon Aharon, Cinthia Orlov, Georgia Panagopoulos, Scott Goldman
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) can be technically demanding and may lead to prolonged operative time. We evaluated the intraoperative and postoperative patient outcomes following implementation of 2 facilitating technologies (FT) in MIAVR: the Cor-Knot titanium fastener and Custodiol-histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution. METHODS: A total of 299 patients underwent MIAVR from 2008 to 2016; 172 (57.5%) patients were included in the FT group and 127 (42...
March 14, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Mirza Sultan Ahmad, Danial Ahmad, Naila Medhat, Syed Aizaz Hussain Zaidi, Hadia Farooq, Sair Ahmad Tabraiz
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the frequency of electrolyte abnormalities in patients of probable and culture-proven sepsis on admission and assess any association of electrolyte disorders with mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: NICU, Fazle-Omar Hospital, Rabwah, from October 2015 to September 2016. METHODOLOGY: All neonates with the diagnosis of probable and culture-proven sepsis during the study period admitted in NICU, Fazle-Omar Hospital, were included in the study...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Anita Lwanga, Michael Anis, Mohamed Ayoubi, Jaya Sharma, Pam Khosla
Myiasis is the infestation of humans with dipterous larvae. Traditionally, myiasis was thought to affect individuals living in tropical regions, however, several cases in temperate zones have been reported. We encountered two patients with histories of malignancies that presented with complaints of myiasis, in Chicago, in the spring and summer of 2016. The first patient, a 54-year-old female with a history of breast cancer, presented with complaints of maggots infesting her postsurgical chest wounds. She was diagnosed with sepsis, cellulitis, and wound myiasis...
January 10, 2018: Curēus
Solenn Remy, Karine Kolev-Descamps, Morgane Gossez, Fabienne Venet, Julie Demaret, Etienne Javouhey, Guillaume Monneret
BACKGROUND: While the process of sepsis-induced immunosuppression is now well described in adults, very little information is available on immune functions in pediatric sepsis. The current study investigated this in children with septic shock by performing immunomonitoring, including both innate (monocyte human leukocyte antigen-DR, mHLA-DR, expression) and adaptive immunity (lymphocyte subsets count), as well as cytokine concentrations (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1Ra, TNF-α, IFN-γ). Subsequent objectives were to assess the associations between inflammatory response, potential immunosuppression and secondary acquired infection occurrence...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Ariel A Salas, Peng Li, Kelli Parks, Charitharth V Lal, Camilia R Martin, Waldemar A Carlo
Background: Due to insufficient evidence, extremely preterm infants (≤28 wk of gestation) rarely receive early progressive feeding (small increments of feeding volumes between 1 and 4 d after birth). We hypothesized that early progressive feeding increases the number of full enteral feeding days in the first month after birth. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of early progressive feeding in extremely preterm infants...
February 24, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hyun-Seok Park, Jae-Hyung Choi
OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effect of hypothermia after hemicraniectomy in malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction has been controversial. We aim to investigate the safety and clinical efficacy of hypothermia after hemicraniectomy in malignant MCA infarction. METHODS: From October 2012 to February 2016, 20 patients underwent hypothermia (Blanketrol III, Cincinnati Sub-Zero, Cincinnati, OH, USA) at 34°C after hemicraniectomy in malignant MCA infarction (hypothermia group)...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Nihal Demirel, Esin Koc, Dilek Ulubas Isik, İbrahim Murat Hirfanoglu, Turan Tunc
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in Turkey and to establish screening criteria for this condition. METHODS: A prospective cohort study (TR-ROP) was performed between 1 April 2016 and 30 April 2017 in 69 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Infants with a birth weight (BW)≤1500 g or gestational age (GA)≤32 weeks and those with a BW>1500 g or GA>32 weeks with an unstable clinical course were included in the study...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Dean B Percy, Candace Haddock, Vivian Ma, Amie Nowak, Julia Panczuk, Sonia Butterworth
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe outcomes and resource utilization in patients treated with twice-weekly silver impregnated (SI) nanocrystalline dressings for initial non-operative management of giant omphalocele (GO). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with GO treated with SI dressings was undertaken. Clinical parameters, cost, and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Five patients with GO were treated with SI dressings between 2014 and 2016...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Nianfang Lu, Li Jiang, Bo Zhu, Wenyong Han, Yingqi Zhao, Yuntao Shi, Fashuang Guo, Xiuming Xi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the accuracy of fluid responsiveness assessment by variability of peripheral arterial peak velocity and variability of inferior vena cava diameter (ΔIVC) in patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. The patients with septic shock undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Beijing Electric Power Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 were enrolled. According to sepsis bundles of septic shock, volume expansion (VE) was conducted...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Arpitha Chiruvolu, Elise Elliott, Diana Rich, Genna Leal Stone, Huanying Qin, Robert W Inzer
BACKGROUND: In the range of timing suggested by American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 30 to 60 s, preterm infants may potentially derive more short and long-term benefits with delayed cord clamping (DCC) for at least 60 s. However, there are concerns with longer resuscitation delay in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical consequences of 45 versus 60 s delay in umbilical cord clamping in singleton infants born between 230/7 to 316/7 weeks gestation...
March 5, 2018: Early Human Development
Tobias Strunk, Ashok Buchiboyina, Mary Sharp, Elizabeth Nathan, Dorota Doherty, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is a potentially fatal condition that affects about 0.3-0.8/1,000 infants born at ≥35 weeks' gestation in developed countries. Current EOS management algorithms result in 8-15% of infants receiving antibiotics for suspected sepsis. The Neonatal Sepsis Calculator provides evidence-based estimates of individual sepsis risk, but data on its clinical application is limited. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effect on the newborn infants that were investigated and that received antibiotic treatment for suspected EOS following the introduction of the Neonatal Sepsis Calculator...
March 7, 2018: Neonatology
Carolin Fleischmann-Struzek, David M Goldfarb, Peter Schlattmann, Luregn J Schlapbach, Konrad Reinhart, Niranjan Kissoon
The incidence of sepsis is highest in neonates and children, yet the global burden of sepsis in these age groups has not been assessed. We reviewed available evidence from observational epidemiological studies to estimate the global burden and mortality of sepsis in neonates and children. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting population-based sepsis incidence in neonates and children, published between 1979 and 2016. Our search yielded 1270 studies, 23 of which met the inclusion criteria; 16 were from high-income countries and seven from middle-income countries...
March 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Suresh Vasan Venkatachalapathy, Noor Bekkali, Stephen Pereira, Gavin Johnson, Kofi Oppong, Manu Nayar, John Leeds, Bharat Paranandi, Ian Penman, Nicholas Carroll, Edmund Godfrey, Martin James, Guruprasad Aithal, Colin McKay, John Devlin, Terry Wong, Alistair Makin, Barbara Ryan, Matthew Huggett
Background and study aims:  Pancreatic fluid collection (PFC) is a common complication of pancreatitis for which endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage is first-line treatment. A new single-device, lumen-apposing, covered self-expanding metal stent (LAMS) has been licensed for PFC drainage. We therefore present our multicenter experience with the LAMS for PFC drainage in a multicenter prospective case series to assess success and complication rates. Patients and methods:  All adult patients from 11 tertiary centers who had LAMS placement for PFC from July 2015 to July 2016 were included...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Ejaz Ahmed, Abdur Rehman, Muhammad Asghar Ali
Objective: To evaluate the adequacy of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in diagnosing neonatal sepsis and role of CRP in determining the duration of antibiotic treatment in neonatal sepsis. Methods: In this validation study, we included 135 neonates with suspected diagnosis of sepsis within duration of nine months from September 2016 to May2017 in Children Hospital Multan. Blood samples were drawn from every neonate for culture sensitivity and measurement of serum C-reactive proteins...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Yuzo Tsuyuki, Goro Kurita, Yoshiteru Murata, Takashi Takahashi
We aimed to identify microorganisms isolated by blood culture (BC) from companion animals and to determine antimicrobial resistance of these isolates during 2014-2016 at veterinary laboratory, in comparison with those during 2010-2013, in Japan. Clinical data (animal species, visiting animals/hospitalized animals, and others except for disease type and clinical course including history of antimicrobial agent use) on ill animals at veterinary clinics or hospitals were obtained. We retrospectively analyzed animal-origin BC results extracted from the database in 2014-2016 and those obtained in 2010-2013...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Chih-Yuan Fu, Ruo-Yi Huang, Shang-Yu Wang, Chien-Hung Liao, Jen-Fu Huang, Yu-Pao Hsu, Chia-Yun Lin, Shih-Ching Kang
INTRODUCTION: Managing patients with open pelvic fractures continues to be challenging and requires a multidisciplinary approach. In this study, we examined the characteristics of patients with open pelvic fractures and strategies for managing such patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of patients with open pelvic fractures from January 2010 to August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Emergency surgery was performed to control hemorrhaging in patients with an active external hemorrhage...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sanni Kumar, Ena Gupta, Sanket Kaushik, Vijay Kumar Srivastava, Sudhir Kumar Mehta, Anupam Jyoti
Sepsis is a condition caused by infection followed by unregulated inflammatory response which may lead to the organ dysfunction. During such condition, over-production of oxidants is one of the factors which contribute cellular toxicity and ultimately organ failure and mortality. Antioxidants having free radicals scavenging activity exert protective role in various diseases. The present study has been designed to evaluate the levels of oxidative and anti-oxidative activity in sepsis patients and their correlation with the severity of the sepsis...
February 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"