keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sepsis 2016

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546860/predictors-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-adult-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-an-observational-cohort-study
#1
Alexander Fletcher Sandersjöö, Jiri Bartek, Eric Peter Thelin, Anders Eriksson, Adrian Elmi-Terander, Mikael Broman, Bo-Michael Bellander
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a recognized complication of adults treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, the predictors of ICH in this patient category are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of ICH in ECMO-treated adult patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of adult patients (≥18 years) treated with ECMO at the Karolinska University Hospital (Stockholm, Sweden) between September 2005 and June 2016, excluding patients with ICH upon admission or those who were treated with ECMO for less than 12 h...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537511/vitamin-a-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-an-update
#2
Emily Schwartz, Rena Zelig, Anna Parker, Stephani Johnson
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common complication of premature birth and is associated with significant morbidity. Vitamin A supplementation has been suggested as a potential preventative measure against BPD due to its role in lung maturation and because preterm infants are particularly predisposed to vitamin A deficiency. The aim of this review was to determine whether vitamin A supplementation reduces BPD risk among preterm infants. PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were searched with the keywords "bronchopulmonary dysplasia," "vitamin A," and "preterm infants" and with the time frame of 2006-2016, and 4 studies were selected for review per the inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528569/time-to-treatment-and-mortality-during-mandated-emergency-care-for-sepsis
#3
Christopher W Seymour, Foster Gesten, Hallie C Prescott, Marcus E Friedrich, Theodore J Iwashyna, Gary S Phillips, Stanley Lemeshow, Tiffany Osborn, Kathleen M Terry, Mitchell M Levy
Background In 2013, New York began requiring hospitals to follow protocols for the early identification and treatment of sepsis. However, there is controversy about whether more rapid treatment of sepsis improves outcomes in patients. Methods We studied data from patients with sepsis and septic shock that were reported to the New York State Department of Health from April 1, 2014, to June 30, 2016. Patients had a sepsis protocol initiated within 6 hours after arrival in the emergency department and had all items in a 3-hour bundle of care for patients with sepsis (i...
May 21, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526094/patients-with-community-acquired-bacteremia-of-unknown-origin-clinical-characteristics-and-usefulness-of-microbiological-results-for-therapeutic-issues-a-single-center-cohort-study
#4
Johan Courjon, Elisa Demonchy, Nicolas Degand, Karine Risso, Raymond Ruimy, Pierre-Marie Roger
Bacteremia of unknown origin (BUO) are associated with increased mortality compared to those with identified sources. Microbiological data of those patients could help to characterize an appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment before bloodcultures results are available during sepsis of unknown origin. Based on the dashboard of our ward that prospectively records several parameters from each hospitalization, we report 101 community-acquired BUO selected among 1989 bacteremic patients from July 2005 to April 2016, BUO being defined by the absence of clinical and paraclinical infectious focus and no other microbiological samples retrieving the bacteria isolated from blood cultures...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525923/a-national-implementation-project-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-nursing-home-residents
#5
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Jennifer Meddings, Sarah L Krein, Sara E McNamara, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Nimalie D Stone, Lillian Min, Steven J Schweon, Andrew J Rolle, Russell N Olmsted, Dale R Burwen, James Battles, Barbara Edson, Sanjay Saint
Importance: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in nursing home residents is a common cause of sepsis, hospital admission, and antimicrobial use leading to colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms. Objective: To develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention to reduce catheter-associated UTI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large-scale prospective implementation project was conducted in community-based nursing homes participating in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care...
May 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522141/venous-to-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-in-the-resuscitation-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-systematic-review
#6
J J Diaztagle Fernández, J C Rodríguez Murcia, J J Sprockel Díaz
INTRODUCTION: The way to assess tissue perfusion during the resuscitation of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock is a current subject of research and debate. Venous oxygen saturation and lactate concentration have been the most frequently used criteria, though they involve known limitations. The venous-to-arterial difference of carbon dioxide (pCO2 delta) is a parameter than can be used to indicate tissue perfusion, and its determination therefore may be useful in these patients...
May 15, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518131/incidence-of-respiratory-viral-infection-in-infants-with-respiratory-symptoms-evaluated-for-late-onset-sepsis
#7
J B Cerone, R P Santos, D Tristram, D M Lamson, K A Stellrecht, K St George, M J Horgan, A Rios
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, etiology and impact of respiratory viral infection (RVI) on infants evaluated for late-onset sepsis (LOS), defined as sepsis occurring >72 h of life, in the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study conducted from 6 March 2014 to 3 May 2016 on infants evaluated for LOS. PCR viral panel performed on nasopharyngeal specimens among infants with clinical suspicion for RVI. Sequence analysis was performed to determine viral subtypes...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506711/screening-for-sepsis-in-general-hospitalised-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Laura Alberto, Andrea P Marshall, Rachel Walker, Leanne M Aitken
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a common condition observed outside critical care areas. The purpose of this review was to examine the application of sepsis screening tools for early recognition of sepsis in general hospitalised patients to: (i) identify the accuracy of these tools; (ii) determine the outcomes associated with their implementation and; (iii) describe the implementation process. METHOD: A systematic review method was used. PubMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for primary articles, published from January 1990 to June 2016, that investigated screening tools or alert mechanisms for early identification of sepsis in adult general hospitalized patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506349/-relationship-between-fever-degree-and-prognosis-in-children-with-bacterial-bloodstream-infection
#9
Tao Zhang, Jiu-Jun Li, Chun-Feng Liu, Zhi-Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the degree of fever within 48 hours of admission and the prognosis in children with bacterial bloodstream infection. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients diagnosed with sepsis who were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University between September 2008 and September 2016. The children with bacterial bloodstream infection were classified into 5 groups according to the maximum temperature within 48 hours of admission: <36...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500500/-epistemology-in-the-intensive-care-unit-what-is-the-purpose-of-a-definition-paradigm-shift-in-sepsis-research
#10
P Dickmann, A Scherag, S M Coldewey, C Sponholz, F M Brunkhorst, M Bauer
The adoption of the new sepsis definition in early 2016 introduced a new paradigm for the clinical picture of sepsis. Up until now, sepsis was defined as a systemic inflammatory reaction (systemic inflammatory response syndrome, SIRS) to an infection. Based on a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms, the focus of the new definition is no longer the inflammatory response, but rather the tissue damage and impairment of organ function which this induces. The paradigm thus moves away from the infection and the systemic inflammatory response, and toward that which makes sepsis so dangerous in terms of both disease dynamics and outcome: organ failure due to a dysregulated host response to an infection...
May 12, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497242/-new-sepsis-3-definition-do-we-have-to-treat-sepsis-before-we-can-diagnose-it-from-now-on
#11
T Schmoch, M Bernhard, F Uhle, M Gründling, T Brenner, M A Weigand
The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) have been available since the beginning of 2016. SEPSIS-3 completely replaces the old SIRS criteria in the definition of sepsis and defines sepsis from now on as "life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection". However, it seems questionable whether in clinical practice the new definition is really superior to the old one. The most important question is the following: Is it helpful to have a definition that first recognizes a patient once organ dysfunction has occurred and the patient already needs intensive care?...
May 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495639/safety-and-tolerability-of-the-first-in-class-agent-cpi-613-in-combination-with-modified-folfirinox-in-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-a-single-centre-open-label-dose-escalation-phase-1-trial
#12
Angela Alistar, Bonny B Morris, Rodwige Desnoyer, Heidi D Klepin, Keyanoosh Hosseinzadeh, Clancy Clark, Amy Cameron, John Leyendecker, Ralph D'Agostino, Umit Topaloglu, Lakmal W Boteju, Asela R Boteju, Rob Shorr, Zuzana Zachar, Paul M Bingham, Tamjeed Ahmed, Sandrine Crane, Riddhishkumar Shah, John J Migliano, Timothy S Pardee, Lance Miller, Gregory Hawkins, Guangxu Jin, Wei Zhang, Boris Pasche
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer statistics are dismal, with a 5-year survival of less than 10%, and more than 50% of patients presenting with metastatic disease. Metabolic reprogramming is an emerging hallmark of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. CPI-613 is a novel anticancer agent that selectively targets the altered form of mitochondrial energy metabolism in tumour cells, causing changes in mitochondrial enzyme activities and redox status that lead to apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy of tumour cells...
May 8, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488038/-the-2016-surviving-sepsis-campaign-sepsis-guideline
#13
REVIEW
S Petros, S John
Sepsis is still associated with very high morbidity and mortality. Continuous improvements in the early recognition and management of this syndrome are thus necessary. The 2016 Surviving Sepsis Campaign sepsis guideline presents current evidence and consequences in the management of sepsis. This new guideline came at the beginning of the paradigm shift in sepsis definition, whereby the influence of the current sepsis definition on the management of sepsis is yet to be seen. Despite tremendous research efforts, several recommendations in the new sepsis guideline have a weak to moderate evidence grade...
May 9, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487456/deriving-literature-based-benchmarks-for-surgical-complications-in-high-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mary E Brindle, Derek J Roberts, Oluwatomilayo Daodu, Alex Bernard Haynes, Christy Cauley, Elijah Dixon, Claude La Flamme, Paul Bain, William Berry
INTRODUCTION: To improve surgical safety, health systems must identify preventable adverse outcomes and measure changes in these outcomes in response to quality improvement initiatives. This requires understanding of the scope and limitations of available population-level data. To derive literature-based summary estimates of benchmarks of care, we will systematically review and meta-analyse rates of postoperative complications associated with several common and/or high-risk operations performed in five high-income countries (HICs)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485391/magnetic-resonance-imaging-targeted-transperineal-prostate-biopsy-a-local-anaesthetic-approach
#15
E J Bass, I A Donaldson, A Freeman, C Jameson, S Punwani, C Moore, M Arya, M Emberton, H U Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of disease misclassification and sepsis, the use of transrectal biopsy remains commonplace. Transperineal mapping biopsies mitigate these problems but carry increased cost and patient burden. Local anaesthetic, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted transperineal biopsy may offer an alternative. Here, we aim to determine the feasibility, tolerability and detection rates of clinically significant prostate cancer using a local anaesthetic, transperineal, MRI-targeted biopsy technique...
May 9, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485072/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-children-one-center-s-experience
#16
Gerard Cortina, Violeta Ojinaga, Thomas Giner, Magdalena Riedl, Siegfried Waldegger, Alejandra Rosales, Raphaela Trojer, Johannes Hofer
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) has evolved to an accepted therapy for selected indications. However, it is technically challenging in children. Moreover, data on safety and efficacy are mainly derived from adult series. The aim of this study was to review the procedure in the context of clinical indications, effectiveness, and safety. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: All TPE procedures performed at a tertiary care hospital during a 12-year period (2005-2016) were retrospectively evaluated...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484782/necrotizing-fasciitis-treatment-concepts-and-clinical-results
#17
M Leiblein, I Marzi, A L Sander, J H Barker, F Ebert, J Frank
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by a rapid spreading infection of the subcutaneous tissue and in particular the fascia. The management of infected tissues requires a rapid diagnosis, immediate aggressive surgical management and an extended debridement. In some cases early amputations of the affected tissues and maximum intensive care treatment, in case of sepsis, are required. Due to a rising number of cases we aimed to evaluate our patients in a retrospective review...
May 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475790/prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-and-antimicrobial-use-among-adult-inpatients-in-singapore-acute-care-hospitals-results-from-the-first-national-point-prevalence-survey
#18
Yiying Cai, Indumathi Venkatachalam, Nancy W Tee, Thean Yen Tan, Asok Kurup, Sin Yew Wong, Chian Yong Low, Yang Wang, Winnie Lee, Yi Xin Liew, Brenda Ang, David C Lye, Angela Chow, Moi Lin Ling, Helen M Oh, Cassandra A Cuvin, Say Tat Ooi, Surinder K Pada, Chong Hee Lim, Jack Wei Chieh Tan, Kean Lee Chew, Van Hai Nguyen, Dale A Fisher, Herman Goossens, Andrea L Kwa, Paul A Tambyah, Li Yang Hsu, Kalisvar Marimuthu
Background: We conducted a national point prevalence survey (PPS) to determine the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use (AMU) in Singapore acute-care hospitals. Methods: Trained personnel collected HAI, AMU, and baseline hospital- and patient-level data of adult inpatients from 13 private and public acute-care hospitals between July 2015 and February 2016, using the PPS methodology developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475779/comparative-efficacy-of-antimicrobial-central-venous-catheters-in-reducing-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adults-abridged-cochrane-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Huey Yi Chong, Nai Ming Lai, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background: The efficacy of antimicrobial central venous catheters (CVCs) remains questionable. In this network meta-analysis, we aimed to assess the comparative efficacy of antimicrobial CVC impregnations in reducing catheter-related infections in adults. Methods: We searched 4 electronic databases (Medline, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, CINAHL) and internet sources for randomized controlled trials, ongoing clinical trials, and unpublished studies up to August 2016...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470392/performance-of-a-new-blunt-tip-coaxial-needle-for-percutaneous-biopsy-and-drainage-of-hard-to-reach-targets
#20
Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Julien Garnon, Behnam Shaygi, Jean Caudrelier, Salem Bauones, Georgia Tsoumakidou, Guillaume Koch, Afshin Gangi
AIM: To present a new blunt-tip coaxial needle (SoftGuard) applied to access "hard-to-reach" targets undergoing percutaneous image-guided biopsy or drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients presenting between August and December 2016 with "hard-to-reach" (<10 mm from a critical nearby structure such as vessels, nerves, bowel or adjacent parenchymal organs) solid lesions requiring biopsy (group A) or abscesses requiring drainage for sepsis (group B) were prospectively included...
May 3, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
keyword
keyword
95130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"