keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antibiotic and fever in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351935/an-adult-case-with-shigellosis-associated-encephalopathy
#1
Heleen Joséphine Schuster, Michelle Gompelman, Wim Ang, Albertus Jozef Kooter
A 45-year-old man was presented at the emergency department with altered neurological status and a 1-day history of diarrhoea and fever. The patient's sexual history revealed multiple male partners. As bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis was suspected, treatment was started accordingly. Cerebrospinal fluid investigations only showed a slight increase of leucocytes, and microbiological studies remained negative. Stool culture revealed Shigella flexneri, after which Shigella-associated encephalopathy was suspected...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330009/the-almanach-project-preliminary-results-and-potentiality-from-afghanistan
#2
A Bernasconi, F Crabbé, R Rossi, I Qani, A Vanobberghen, M Raab, S Du Mortier
INTRODUCTION: ALMANACH (ALgorithms for the MANagement of Acute CHildhood illnesses) is an electronic version of IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illness) running on tablets. ALMANACH enhances its concept, it integrates well into health staff's daily consultation work and facilitates diagnosis and treatment. ALMANACH informs when to refer a child or to perform a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), recommends the right treatment dosage and synchronizes collected data real time with a Health Management Information System (DHIS2) for epidemiological evaluation and decision making...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319209/effectiveness-of-antibacterial-prophylaxis-during-induction-chemotherapy-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
M L Sulis, T M Blonquist, K E Stevenson, S K Hunt, S Kay-Green, U H Athale, L A Clavell, P D Cole, K M Kelly, C Laverdiere, J M Leclerc, B Michon, M A Schorin, J G Welch, D S Neuberg, S E Sallan, L B Silverman
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients receiving induction chemotherapy for newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at high risk of developing life-threatening infections. We investigated whether uniform antibacterial guidelines, including mandatory antibacterial prophylaxis in afebrile patients during induction, decreases the incidence of microbiologically documented bacteremia. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 230 patients with newly diagnosed ALL (aged 1-21) were enrolled on Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ALL Consortium Protocol 11-001 (DFCI 11-001)...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299895/community-acquired-escherichia-coli-enteritis-in-korean-children-the-clinical-application-of-a-stool-polymerase-chain-reaction-assay
#4
Youie Kim, Hyo Jin Kim, Sooyeon Lim, Kil Seong Bae, Seung Beom Han, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang, Gook Jae Shin, Gun Dong Lee, Yeon Joon Park
BACKGROUND: Although Escherichia coli is a common cause of bacterial enteritis in Korea, reports on community-acquired E. coli enteritis in Korean children are scarce. This study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics and pathotype distribution of community-acquired E. coli enteritis diagnosed by a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay in Korean children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of children aged 18 years or less who were diagnosed with acute gastroenteritis by the attending physician between 2013 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298247/the-effect-of-early-knowledge-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-positivity-on-medical-decision-making-and-throughput-time-within-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Jessica Schnell, Lisa Schroeder, Kelly Sinclair, Lina Patel, Denise Dowd
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early knowledge of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) positivity by rapid triage-based testing protocol improved emergency department (ED) throughput time and decreased ED ancillary testing and antibiotic administration. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of ED patients aged 2 to 12 months, presenting November 1 to March 31 for the years 2008-2013. Included patients presented with fever and upper respiratory tract symptoms...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290748/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-prolonged-infusion-aztreonam-for-multi-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-a-case-report
#6
Jeffrey J Cies, Richard J LaCoursiere, Wayne S Moore, Arun Chopra
Aztreonam, a broad-spectrum monobactam, is typically reserved for multidrug resistant (MDR) infections. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data to guide dosing in children, however, are limited to healthy volunteers or nonintensive care unit (ICU) patients. Impaired antibiotic delivery into tissue remains a major concern and may explain the high morbidity and mortality associated with MDR infections. Therefore, evaluating the PK changes in pediatric ICU patients is necessary to elucidate the most appropriate antimicrobial regimen...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283705/asthmonia-a-clinical-definition-of-a-commonly-used-colloquial-term
#7
Caleb D Wasser, Anna Grushevsky, Stephanie T Johnson, Sharon R Smith
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of pediatric asthmonia, a syndrome in which children have both an acute asthma exacerbation and a concomitant diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on children admitted to Connecticut Children's Medical Center in the pediatric emergency department from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012. Children with asthma and pneumonia were identified using ICD-9 codes 493 (asthma) or 482 (pneumonia)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279787/acute-chest-syndrome-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#8
REVIEW
Shilpa Jain, Nitya Bakshi, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a frequent cause of acute lung disease in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients may present with ACS or may develop this complication during the course of a hospitalization for acute vaso-occlusive crises (VOC). ACS is associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased risk of respiratory failure, and the potential for developing chronic lung disease. ACS in SCD is defined as the presence of fever and/or new respiratory symptoms accompanied by the presence of a new pulmonary infiltrate on chest X-ray...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276875/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-in-a-child-on-multiple-antiepileptics
#9
Jyotindra Narayan Goswami, Pankaj C Vaidya, Arushi Gahlot Saini, Dipankar De, Bishan Dass Radotra, Pratibha D Singhi
Goswami JN, Vaidya PC, Saini AG, De D, Radotra BD, Singhi PD. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms in a child on multiple antiepileptics. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 197-199. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is an adverse drug-reaction that may mimic systemic illnesses and have a fulminant presentation. We describe an 8-year-old girl with epilepsy and exposure to multiple anti-epileptics who presented with fever, extensive maculopapular rash, cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, progressive anemia and transaminitis...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242012/outcomes-of-immunocompetent-children-presenting-with-fever-and-neutropenia
#10
Osnat Wittmann, Ayelet Rimon, Dennis Scolnik, Miguel Glatstein
BACKGROUND: Neutropenia may alarm clinicians and prompt extensive evaluation in children with fever, even in immunocompetent patients. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine outcomes in previously healthy febrile children presenting to the emergency department with severe neutropenia. METHODS: We reviewed data from infants and children aged 3-36 months with fever and severe neutropenia, defined as a peripheral neutrophil count <500 × 103/μL, at our institution between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2015...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187579/urinary-tract-infection-antibiotic-trial-study-design-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Romain Basmaci, Konstantinos Vazouras, Julia Bielicki, Laura Folgori, Yingfen Hsia, Theoklis Zaoutis, Mike Sharland
CONTEXT: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent common bacterial infections in children. No guidance on the conduct of pediatric febrile UTI clinical trials (CTs) exist. OBJECTIVE: To assess the criteria used for patient selection and the efficacy end points in febrile pediatric UTI CTs. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cochrane central databases, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched between January 1, 1990, and November 24, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: We combined Medical Subject Headings terms and free-text terms for "urinary tract infections" and "therapeutics" and "clinical trials" in children (0-18 years), identifying 3086 articles...
November 29, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184370/occurrence-of-virulent-and-antibiotic-resistant-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-some-food-products-and-human-stool-in-egypt
#12
Osman Mohamed Hamed, Maha Ahmed Sabry, Nawal A Hassanain, Eman Hamza, Ahmed G Hegazi, Marwa Badawy Salman
Aim: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) represent a severe public health issue worldwide, causing life-threatening diseases in the human gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed to determine the occurrence of virulent and antibiotic-resistant STEC in retail meat and milk products and human stool samples and to characterize the genes encoding for virulence and antibiotic resistance among the identified STEC isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 260 food samples were randomly collected from retail markets in different localities of El Giza Governorate, Egypt...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163934/determinants-of-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-imci-non-severe-pneumonia-classification-and-care-in-malawi-health-facilities-analysis-of-a-national-facility-census
#13
Emily White Johansson, Humphreys Nsona, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Helena Hildenwall
Background: Research shows inadequate Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)-pneumonia care in various low-income settings but evidence is largely from small-scale studies with limited evidence of patient-, provider- and facility-levels determinants of IMCI non-severe pneumonia classification and its management. Methods: The Malawi Service Provision Assessment 2013-2014 included 3149 outpatients aged 2-59 months with completed observations, interviews and re-examinations...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159658/lung-necrosectomy-in-pediatric-patients-with-necrotizing-pneumonia
#14
Francina V Bolaños-Morales, Emmanuel Peña Gómez-Portugal, María E Aguilar-Mena, Patricio J Santillán-Doherty, Avelina Sotres-Vega, J Alfredo Santibáñez-Salgado
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing pneumonia is the consolidation of lung parenchyma with destruction and necrosis, forming solitary or multiloculated radiolucent foci. When antibiotic treatment fails and clinical course does not improve, patients might need lung tissue resection: segmentectomy, lobectomy or bilobectomy. We have performed a more conservative surgical approach in pediatric patients with necrotizing pneumonia, lung necrosectomy: resection of unviable necrotic tissue, to preserve more healthy and potentially recoverable lung parenchyma...
November 20, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153062/-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-lightcycler%C3%A2-septifast-assay-in-the-childhood-febrile-neutropenia
#15
Esra Mimaroğlu, Elvan Çağlar Çıtak, Necdet Kuyucu, Gönül Arslan
Infection is the main problem among the patients receiving cancer therapy. The mortality rate can be reduced by the appropriate treatment in the right time. Although blood culture is the gold standard for the diagnoses of sepsis, many factors influence the results of blood culture in children. For this reason, real time polymerase chain reaction (Rt-PCR) has gained importance for the diagnoses of microbiological agents as it is faster than the conventional methods. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of SeptiFast (SF) test with blood culture among children with neutropenic fever...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149897/enablers-and-barriers-to-secondary-prophylaxis-for-rheumatic-fever-among-m%C3%A4-ori-aged-14-21-in-new-zealand-a-framework-method-study
#16
Hilary Barker, John G Oetzel, Nina Scott, Michelle Morley, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Keri Bolton Oetzel
BACKGROUND: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) rates have declined to near zero in nearly all developed countries. However, in New Zealand rates have not declined since the 1980s. Further, ARF diagnoses in New Zealand are inequitably distributed--occurring almost exclusively in Māori (the indigenous population) and Pacific children--with very low rates in the majority New Zealand European population. With ARF diagnosis, secondary prophylaxis is key to prevent recurrence. The purpose of this study was to identify the perceived enablers and barriers to secondary recurrence prophylaxis following ARF for Māori patients aged 14-21...
November 17, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137905/emergency-department-chest-radiography-for-children-with-asthma-exacerbation-is-infrequently-associated-with-change-of-management
#17
Evan H Allie, Henry E Dingle, William N Johnson, Jeffrey R Birnbaum, Melissa A Hilmes, Sudha P Singh, Donald H Arnold
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations (AAE) account for many Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) visits. Chest radiography (CXR) is often performed in these patients to identify practice-changing findings such as pneumonia (PNA). Limited knowledge exists to balance the cost and radiation dose of CXR with expected yield of clinically meaningful information. OBJECTIVE: To determine in children with AAE with CXR, whether patient characteristics are associated with radiographic PNA; and significant practice change by initiation of antibiotic...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121626/wh%C3%A4-nau-perceptions-and-experiences-of-acute-rheumatic-fever-diagnosis-for-m%C3%A4-ori-in-northland-new-zealand
#18
Anneka Anderson, Clair Mills, Kyle Eggleton
AIM: In New Zealand, acute rheumatic fever (ARF) remains a significant health problem with persistent ethnic inequities. Māori children 5-15 years of age in Northland have some of the highest ARF rates nationally. This study explored Māori whānau experiences of ARF, including pathways to primary healthcare and barriers and facilitators for diagnosis of ARF. METHODS: The study applied a qualitative kaupapa Māori approach including eight whānau, two individual interviews and participant observations with 36 participants...
November 10, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095386/torticollis-and-fever-in-a-young-boy-a-unique-presentation-of-cat-scratch-disease-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-phlegmon
#19
Jason R Rafferty, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Jeffrey Riese
Cat-scratch disease-associated vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural involvement are rare and may manifest with nonspecific chronic symptoms in children, such as fever or torticollis. We present only the fourth case in the literature describing epidural involvement in an immunocompetent boy presenting with fever, torticollis, and indiscriminate left upper back tenderness. Bartonella henselae serologies are important to consider because such atypical complications often are responsive to conservative management with antibiotics...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090653/tuberculous-pyelonephritis-in-children-three-case-reports
#20
Nimisha Arora, Abhijeet Saha, Manpreet Kaur
Tuberculous pyelonephritis is rare in children; three case reports are presented. Case 1 was an 11-year-old girl with a previous history of pulmonary tuberculosis who presented with flank pain and fever for 10 days. An ultrasound suggested focal pyelonephritis, and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) scan demonstrated acute focal pyelonephritis and a perinephric collection. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured in the urine. She responded well to anti-tuberculous treatment (ATT). Case 2 was a 13-year-old boy who presented with fever, haematuria, burning micturition, proteinuria (3+) and cervical lymphadenopathy...
November 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
keyword
keyword
95126
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"