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heart rate variability and well-being

Mark R Noon, Rob S James, Neil D Clarke, Richard J Taylor, C Douglas Thake
The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity of selected subjective and objective monitoring assessments in detecting changes in group and individual responses to low and high load bouts of high intensity intermittent exercise. In a counterbalanced crossover design, Thirteen Academy Rugby Union players (mean ± SD: age: 18 ± 1 years) performed a low load (15 min) and a high load (90 min) bout of high intensity intermittent exercise (Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test) one week apart. Monitoring assessments were performed immediately prior to and 20 h following each trial...
June 15, 2018: Sports
Lucas Tramèr, Christoph Becker, Seraina Hochstrasser, Stephan Marsch, Sabina Hunziker
BACKGROUND: Performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) causes significant mental stress for rescuers, especially if performed by inexperienced individuals. Our aim was to study electrocardiogram (ECG) alterations in rescuers and its association with gender and CPR performance. METHODS: We included 126 medical students in this prospective, observational simulator study. Each student was equipped with a 3-lead continuous ECG device tracking the individual electrocardiographic output before, during and after CPR...
2018: PloS One
Jermana L Moraes, Matheus X Rocha, Glauber G Vasconcelos, José E Vasconcelos Filho, Victor Hugo C de Albuquerque, Auzuir R Alexandria
Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is an important tool for the analysis of a patient’s physiological conditions, as well a method aiding the diagnosis of cardiopathies. Photoplethysmography (PPG) is an optical technique applied in the monitoring of the HRV and its adoption has been growing significantly, compared to the most commonly used method in medicine, Electrocardiography (ECG). In this survey, definitions of these technique are presented, the different types of sensors used are explained, and the methods for the study and analysis of the PPG signal (linear and nonlinear methods) are described...
June 9, 2018: Sensors
L Kovács, F L Kézér, F Ruff, O Szenci, V Jurkovich
Warm summer episodes have a significant effect on the overall health and well-being of young cattle; however, it is not known which temperature measure should be used for estimating heat stress in dairy calves. In this study, generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to estimate the relationships between thermal comfort indices and animal-based heat stress indicators in sixteen Holstein bull calves that were housed in individual calf hutches. Data were collected under continental weather characteristics over a 5-day period: day 1 (lower-temperature day), days 2 and 3 (heat stress days), and a 2-day post-stress period...
June 6, 2018: Environmental Research
Tomonobu Kodama, Keisuke Kamata, Koichi Fujiwara, Manabu Kano, Toshitaka Yamakawa, Ichiro Yuki, Yuichi Murayama
Although early reperfusion therapy is effective for acute ischemic stroke, limited therapeutic time-window resulted in only 10% of patients receiving reperfusion therapy. A fast and reliable stroke detection method is desired so that patients can receive early reperfusion therapy. It has been reported that ischemic stroke affects heart rate variability (HRV), which reflects activities of the autonomic nervous function. Thus, ischemic stroke may be detected at an acute stage through monitoring HRV. This paper proposes an HRV-based ischemic stroke detection algorithm by using multivariate statistical process control (MSPC), which is a well-known anomaly detection algorithm...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Montaha Al-Iede, Radhagini Kumaran, Karen Waters
OBJECTIVES: A number of reports exist regarding the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to manage obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children, which we term 'conventional CPAP'. In contrast, there are few reports of home CPAP use for other indications, which we have grouped under the term 'cardiopulmonary'. The aims of this study were to (1) document cardiopulmonary indications for CPAP use in a cohort of infants and children, and (2) evaluate its effectiveness in this group...
April 30, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Nevena Zivkovic, Gabby Elbaz-Greener, Feng Qiu, Yaron Arbel, Asim N Cheema, Danny Dvir, Paul Fefer, Ariel Finkelstein, Stephen E Fremes, Sam Radhakrishnan, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Mony Shuvy, Harindra C Wijeysundera
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) complication associated with a poor prognosis. We sought to create a risk calculator using information that would be available during the work-up period. Methods: Data were obtained from a multicentre TAVR registry (n=1993) with cases from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2015. We used logistic regression to create a risk calculator to predict AKI as defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium Guidelines...
2018: Open Heart
Kristian Kjær Petersen, Hjalte Holm Andersen, Masato Tsukamoto, Lincoln Tracy, Julian Koenig, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is capable of modulating pain. Aberrations in heart rate variability (HRV), reflective of ANS activity, are associated with experimental pain sensitivity, chronic pain, and more recently, pain modulatory mechanisms but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. HRV is lowered during experimental pain as well as in chronic pain conditions and HRV can be increased by propranolol, which is a non-selective β-blocker. Sensitization of central pain pathways have been observed in several chronic pain conditions and human mechanistic pain biomarkers for these central pain pathways include temporal summation of pain (TSP) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM)...
June 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Andrius Rapalis, Andrius Petrėnas, Monika Šimaitytė, Raquel Bailón, Vaidotas Marozas
OBJECTIVE: The growing interest to integrate consumer smart wristbands in eHealth applications spawns the need for novel approaches of data parametrization which account for the technology-specific constraints. The present study aims to investigate the feasibility of a consumer smart wristband to be used for computing pulse rate parameters during free-living activities. APPROACH: The feasibility of computing pulse rate variability (PRV) as well as pulse rate and physical activity-related parameters using the smart wristband was investigated, having an electrocardiogram as a reference...
May 31, 2018: Physiological Measurement
Douglas P Barnaby, Shannon M Fernando, Christophe L Herry, Nathan B Scales, E John Gallagher, Andrew J E Seely
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with sepsis can be challenging. We derived and evaluated performance of a predictive model containing clinical, laboratory and heart rate variability (HRV) measures to quantify risk of deterioration in this population. METHODS: ED patients aged 21 and older satisfying the 1992 consensus conference criteria for sepsis and able to consent (directly or through a surrogate) were enrolled (n = 1,247)...
May 29, 2018: Shock
Anita Kärner Köhler, Pia Tingström, Tiny Jaarsma, Staffan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: In managing a life with coronary heart disease and the possibility of planning and following a rehabilitation plan, patients' empowerment and self-efficacy are considered important. However, currently there is limited data on levels of empowerment among patients with coronary heart disease, and demographic and clinical characteristics associated with patient empowerment are not known. The purpose of this study was to assess the level of patient empowerment and general self-efficacy in patients six to 12 months after the cardiac event...
May 30, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Chun-Yi Lin, Tze-Taur Wei, Chen-Chen Wang, Wan-Chen Chen, Yu-Min Wang, Song-Yen Tsai
Qigong is a gentle exercise that promotes health and well-being. This study evaluated the acute physiological and psychological effects of one session of qigong exercise in older practitioners. A total of 45 participants (mean age, 65.14 years) were recruited. Meridian electrical conductance, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), heart rate variability (HRV), and Short Form 36 (SF-36) were evaluated and compared before and after one session of qigong exercise. The results revealed that the electrical conductance of all meridians, except spleen and bladder meridians, increased significantly ( p < 0...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Judith Meessen, Stefan Sütterlin, Siegfried Gauggel, Thomas Forkmann
Metacognitive awareness and resting vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV) as a physiological trait marker of cognitive inhibitory control capacities are both associated with better well-being and seem to share a common neural basis. Executive functioning which is considered a prerequisite for delivering prospective metacognitive judgments has been found to be correlated with HRV. This pilot study addresses the question, whether metacognitive awareness and resting vagally mediated HRV are positively associated...
May 23, 2018: Cognitive Processing
Niyan Marchon, Gourish Naik, K R Pai
Fetal heart rate (FHR) detection can be monitored using either direct fetal scalp electrode recording (invasive) or by indirect noninvasive technique. Weeks before delivery, the invasive method poses a risk factor to the fetus, while the latter provides accurate fetal ECG (FECG) information which can help diagnose fetal's well-being. Our technique employs variable order linear phase sharp transition (LPST) FIR band-pass filter which shows improved stopband attenuation at higher filter orders. The fetal frequency fiduciary edges form the band edges of the filter characterized by varying amounts of overlap of maternal ECG (MECG) spectrum...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Hanna Edebol-Carlman, Martien Schrooten, Brjánn Ljótsson, Katja Boersma, Steven Linton, Robert Jan Brummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), is a common multifactorial gastrointestinal disorder linked to disturbances in the microbe gut-brain axis. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), in face-to-face format has showed promising results on IBS and its associated psychological symptoms. The present study explored for the first time if CBT for IBS affects the autonomic nervous system (ANS) during experimentally induced visceral pain and cognitive stress, respectively. The levels of state and trait anxiety, current and perceived stress were also evaluated...
January 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Xiaojie Zhang, Qing Lu, Zhuojun Zhang, Yongle Chen, Yanan Wang, Youngshi Wang, Zheng Li, Lindi Jiang
To assess the value of three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D STE) in evaluating the left ventricular (LV) function in hyperuricemia patients. We enrolled 15 healthy controls and 40 hyperuricemia patients and collected and analyzed full-volume 3D STE images of the left ventricle in the apical four-chamber heart view. Laboratory tests and 3D STE parameters, including left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular end-systolic volume, stroke volume (SV), global longitudinal strain (GLS), and global circumferential strain (GCS), were compared between hyperuricemia patients and healthy controls...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Xin Li, Wenwu Cai, Ping Zhang, Kun Fang, Jieting Zhu, Chang Shu
BACKGROUND: Patients with Stanford B aortic dissection usually complicated with sleep apnea syndrome. This condition always threatens the patients' respiration situation. In this study, we collected and analysis data of patients' peri-operative managements of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for Stanford B Aortic Dissection (AD) complicated with Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS). Comparison has been made between these SAS patients and those who without SAS. METHODS: Between June 2013 and June 2014, the clinical data and outcomes of the Stanford B AD patients in the department of vascular surgery in the Second Xiangya Hospital were retrospectively reviewed and studied...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Nour Alayan, Lucille Eller, Marsha E Bates, Dennis P Carmody
BACKGROUND: The limited success of conventional anticraving interventions encourages research into new treatment strategies. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB), which is based on slowed breathing, was shown to improve symptom severity in various disorders. HRVB, and certain rates of controlled breathing (CB), may offer therapeutic potential as a complementary drug-free treatment option to help control substance craving. METHODS: This review evaluated current evidence on the effectiveness of HRVB and CB training as a complementary anticraving intervention, based on guidelines from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Alexei Wong, Arturo Figueroa
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive and practical measure of cardiac autonomic nervous system function, mainly the sympathetic and parasympathetic modulations of heart rate. A low HRV has been shown to be indicative of compromised cardiovascular health. Interventions that enhance HRV are therefore beneficial to cardiovascular health. Whole-body vibration (WBV) training has been proposed as an alternative time-efficient exercise intervention for the improvement of cardiovascular health. In this review, we discuss the effect of WBV both acute and after training on HRV...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Mireia Calvo, Virginie Le Rolle, Daniel Romero, Nathalie Behar, Pedro Gomis, Philippe Mabo, Alfredo Hernandez
Ventricular arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome (BS) mainly occur at rest, especially during nighttime, suggesting that parasympathetic activity at night may play an important role in the arrhythmogenesis of the disease. This study examined and compared the autonomic function of symptomatic and asymptomatic BS patients overnight.&#13; Approach: We analyzed different heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate complexity (HRC) markers in a clinical series including 87 BS patients, where 23 were symptomatic.&#13; Main results: Statistically significant differences were found in MIRR, SDNN, SDANN, δSDANN and SampEn, suggesting that symptomatic patients may be related to lower heart rate variability and complexity values, as well as to greater circadian fluctuations overnight...
May 16, 2018: Physiological Measurement
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