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venous thrombosis embolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931100/-venous-thromboembolism-vte-current-diagnosis-and-therapy-with-special-attention-towards-oncologic-patients
#1
György Pfliegler
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), or with the common name venous thromboembolism (VTE) are frequent manifestations of pathologic hemostasis in malignancies, thereby contributing to the large number of patients despite recent developments in thrombosis prevention. In the present paper up-to-date practice of diagnosis and therapy will be discussed partly based on the author's previous publications on epidemiology and prophylaxis of VTE in oncological patients.
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930804/venous-thromboembolism-in-gynecological-malignancy
#2
Abigail Cohen, Chung Sim Lim, Alun Huw Davies
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a recognized complication of gynecological malignancy and represents a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. The review aimed to discuss the incidence, risk factors, and clinical presentation of VTE before examining the literature on the diagnosis, prevention, and management in the context of uterine, cervical, ovarian, and vulval cancers. METHODS/MATERIALS: A literature search was performed using Ovid Medline and Embase with the following words: "gynecological malignancy," "pelvic tumor," "venous thromboembolism," "deep vein thrombosis" and "pulmonary embolism...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930373/venous-thromboembolism-in-obese-pregnant-women-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management
#3
Ann Kinga Malinowski, Dorota Bomba-Opoń, Jacqueline Parrish, Urszula Sarzyńska, Dan Farine
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains among the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed world, presenting variably as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE) or cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT), among others. Obesity in particular has been recognized as the principal contributing factor to the risk of VTE in pregnancy and with the global increase in the rates of obesity affecting reproductive age women, heightened awareness of the risk and consequences of VTE in this population are vital...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929167/frequency-of-venous-thromboembolism-events-during-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-centre
#4
Amy H Ng, Liat Goldman, Jack B Fu, Thein H Oo, Gary B Chisholm, Diane D Liu, Anuja Bedi, Eduardo Bruera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of venous thromboembolism, possible predictors, and the association between venous thromboembolism and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores and length of stay among cancer patients admitted to the inpatient rehabilitation unit at a cancer centre. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to acute inpatient rehabilitation from September 2011 to June 2013. Subject/patients: Cancer patients in the acute inpatient rehabilitation unit within a tertiary cancer centre...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923299/masson-s-tumor-revealed-by-an-intracerebral-hematoma-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
C Salaud, D Loussouarn, K Buffenoir, T Riem
We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who underwent total resection of a Masson's tumor or intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH), which was discovered due to a left temporal intracerebral hematoma revealed by aphasia. IPEH is more often localized on cutaneous and subcutaneous locations, intracranial IPEH are rare and only approximately twenty cases have been published to date. These tumors are a benign vascular lesion composed of papillary intravascular proliferation of epithelial cellular associated thrombosis with fibrin deposits responsible for vascular lumen obliteration...
September 15, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913590/challenges-of-anticoagulation-therapy-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Annemarie E Fogerty
Thrombotic complications in pregnancy represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy is a primary hypercoagulable state due to enhanced production of clotting factors, a decrease in protein S activity, and inhibition of fibrinolysis. These physiologic changes will yield a collective rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) of about 1-2 in 1000 pregnancies for the general obstetric population, which represents a five- to tenfold increased risk in pregnancy compared to age-matched non-pregnant peers...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902808/-anticoagulant-therapy-of-venous-thromboembolic-complications-balancing-between-risks
#7
K V Lobastov, S V Sapelkin
This article is a review of the literature, related to the problem of recurrence of venous thromboembolic complications and the possibilities of their secondary prevention. The problems of determining the rational duration of anticoagulant therapy on the basis of an individual assessment of its benefit and risk are considered. The information on modern prognostic models allowing quantitative assessment of the probability of hemorrhagic and thrombotic events occurrence is presented (Vienna prediction model, DASH, HAS-BLED, stratification according to ACCP 2016)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902651/anticoagulant-therapy-for-acute-venous-thromboembolism
#8
Hilal Ermiş, Necip Ermiş
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are currently defined as venous thromboembolism (VTE) since they share pathophysiological features and the treatment is similar in many respects. It has been determined that more than 90% of PE cases originate from DVT in the legs. PE, which is difficult to diagnose, has a mortality rate of 12% when untreated. The worldwide increase in obesity, cancer diseases, and average survival time also contribute to the increase in the incidence of VTE. Traditional treatment of VTE includes heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, and warfarin...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902590/long-term-outcomes-of-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-or-medical-therapy-after-stroke
#9
Jeffrey L Saver, John D Carroll, David E Thaler, Richard W Smalling, Lee A MacDonald, David S Marks, David L Tirschwell
Background Whether closure of a patent foramen ovale reduces the risk of recurrence of ischemic stroke in patients who have had a cryptogenic ischemic stroke is unknown. Methods In a multicenter, randomized, open-label trial, with blinded adjudication of end-point events, we randomly assigned patients 18 to 60 years of age who had a patent foramen ovale (PFO) and had had a cryptogenic ischemic stroke to undergo closure of the PFO (PFO closure group) or to receive medical therapy alone (aspirin, warfarin, clopidogrel, or aspirin combined with extended-release dipyridamole; medical-therapy group)...
September 14, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900890/high-level-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-critically-ill-trauma-patients-despite-early-and-well-driven-thromboprophylaxis-protocol
#10
S R Hamada, C Espina, T Guedj, R Buaron, A Harrois, S Figueiredo, J Duranteau
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common preventable causes of in-hospital death in trauma patients surviving their injuries. We assessed the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in critically ill trauma patients, in the setting of a mature and early mechanical and pharmacological thromboprophylaxis protocol. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study on a cohort of patients from a surgical intensive care unit of a university level 1 trauma centre...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893152/a-new-percutaneous-technique-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-adhesive-for-the-treatment-of-giant-saphenous-vein-insufficiency
#11
Mehmet Senel Bademci, Kaptanıderya Tayfur, Gökhan Ocakoglu, Serkan Yazman, Muhammet Akyüz, Haydar Yasa
Background We have made a retrospective evaluation of the results of the cyanoacrylate ablation technique which has recently started to be used in the treatment of giant saphenous vein insufficiency today and in which tumescent anesthesia is not required. Methods Giant saphenous vein was treated in 50 patients between September 2015 and September 2016 by using endovenous cyanoacrylate ablation. In the procedure, tumescent anesthesia and varsity socks were not used. Control duplex ultrasound evaluation was performed in the post-procedural 1st, 6th and 12th months...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893127/successful-presurgical-endovascular-management-of-venous-sinus-thrombosis-associated-with-high-grade-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformation-a-case-report
#12
Yoshinari Osada, Hidenori Endo, Kenichi Sato, Yasushi Matsumoto, Toshiki Endo, Miki Fujimura, Teiji Tominaga
We report a case of a 39-year-old man presenting with a high-grade left parieto-occipital arteriovenous malformation (AVM) complicated by superior sagittal sinus (SSS) stenosis, seven years after the first presentation. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a newly developed perilesional edema. Venous sinus stenosis acutely progressed to occlusion and induced multiple intracerebral hemorrhages. An emergent balloon venoplasty of the SSS successfully recanalized the thrombosed sinus. Further, multistage transarterial nidus embolization was performed followed by surgical resection, resulting in a complete eradication of the large AVM...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892968/a-rare-case-of-ileocecal-tuberculosis-with-pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-vein-thrombosis
#13
Tan Jih Huei, Tan Chor Lip Henry, Choon Aik Ho, Yuzaidi Mohamad
Venous thromboembolism in tuberculosis is not a well recognised entity. It is a less frequently reported complication of severe pulmonary tuberculosis. It is exceedingly rare when it complicates extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Here, we present a case of 22-year-old young female with abdominal tuberculosis complicated with reverse ileocecal intussusception, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. An emergency vena cava filter was inserted prior to a limited right hemicolectomy. In this article, we discuss the rare association of venous thromboembolism with ileocecal tuberculosis...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892556/parenteral-anticoagulation-in-ambulatory-patients-with-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Elie A Akl, Lara A Kahale, Maram B Hakoum, Charbel F Matar, Francesca Sperati, Maddalena Barba, Victor E D Yosuico, Irene Terrenato, Anneliese Synnot, Holger Schünemann
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation may improve survival in patients with cancer through a speculated anti-tumour effect, in addition to the antithrombotic effect, although may increase the risk of bleeding. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of parenteral anticoagulants in ambulatory patients with cancer who, typically, are undergoing chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy, but otherwise have no standard therapeutic or prophylactic indication for anticoagulation...
September 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888342/risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-following-influenza-vaccination-in-adults-aged-50years-and-older-in-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#15
Elizabeth R Vickers, David L McClure, Allison L Naleway, Steven J Jacobsen, Nicola P Klein, Jason M Glanz, Eric S Weintraub, Edward A Belongia
BACKGROUND: Influenza-like illness and inflammation are known risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). However, few studies have characterized the risk of VTE following influenza vaccination. We examined VTE risk after vaccination in adults 50years old and older within the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). METHODS: We used the self-controlled case series method to determine the risk of VTE among age-eligible adults who received influenza vaccine (with or without pandemic H1N1) and experienced a VTE during the months of September through December in 2007 through 2012...
September 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886843/current-dataset-for-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-in-cryptogenic-stroke-randomized-clinical-trials-and-observational-studies
#16
REVIEW
Olufunso W Odunukan, Matthew J Price
Approximately one-third of all strokes have no apparent cause. A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is present in as many as 60% of these patients with cryptogenic strokes, which is significantly more frequent than that of the general population. The presumed biologic mechanisms of ischemic stroke in the setting of a PFO are paradoxic embolism from the peripheral venous system through this interatrial shunt or embolism from in situ thrombosis. In this review, the authors summarize and critically assess the contemporary studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of PFO closure for prevention of recurrent cryptogenic strokes...
October 2017: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885127/timing-and-risks-of-chemoprophylaxis-after-spinal-surgery-a-single-center-experience-with-6869-consecutive-patients
#17
Ekamjeet S Dhillon, Ryan Khanna, Michael Cloney, Helena Roberts, George R Cybulski, Tyler R Koski, Zachary A Smith, Nader S Dahdaleh
OBJECTIVE Venous thromboembolism (VTE) after spinal surgery is a major cause of morbidity, but chemoprophylactic anticoagulation can prevent it. However, there is variability in the timing and use of chemoprophylactic anticoagulation after spine surgery, particularly given surgeons' concerns for spinal epidural hematomas. The goal of this study was to provide insight into the safety, efficacy, and timing of anticoagulation therapy after spinal surgery. METHODS The authors retrospectively examined records from 6869 consecutive spinal surgeries performed in their departments at Northwestern University...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885078/the-law-of-unintended-consequences-current-design-challenges-in-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#18
Audrey Magnowski, Matthew Brown, Kristofer Schramm, Jonathan Lindquist, Paul J Rochon, D Thor Johnson, Kimi L Kondo, Kush Desai, Robert J Lewandowski, Robert K Ryu
Venous thromboembolic disease (VTD) encompassing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is a commonly encountered condition with potentially fatal sequelae. When unable to be adequately anticoagulated, patients require a mechanical means to prevent PE. This review discusses the history of inferior vena cava interruption and the development of inferior vena cava filters (IVCF). Areas covered: Milestone innovations in the mechanical treatment of VTD, their successes and shortcomings are discussed...
September 8, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884054/the-role-of-apixaban-in-the-treatment-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#19
Sidra Khalid, Hamed Daw
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) can present as arterial and venous thrombosis in adults who are treated with heparin. We present a case of a patient who developed HIT when she was treated for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism with heparin. During the treatment with heparin and while being transitioned to warfarin, she developed arterial thrombosis. A work-up for HIT was sent, and it was positive. She was started on the argatroban drip and her platelet counts stabilized. Since her platelet counts remained stable and were not increasing for three weeks, we decided to transition the patient to an oral anticoagulant...
July 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879803/practice-patterns-of-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filters-and-predictors-of-filter-retrieval-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism
#20
Jieun Kang, Heung-Kyu Ko, Ji Hoon Shin, Gi-Young Ko, Kyung-Wook Jo, Jin Won Huh, Yeon-Mok Oh, Sang-Do Lee, Jae Seung Lee
Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are increasingly used in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) who have contraindications to anticoagulant therapy. However, previous studies have shown that many retrievable filters are left permanently in patients. This study aimed to identify the common indications for IVC filter insertion, the filter retrieval rate, and the predictive factors for filter retrieval attempts. To this end, a retrospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary care center in South Korea between January 2010 and May 2016...
September 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
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