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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#1
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239901/prevention-of-hiv-1-transmission-through-breastfeeding-efficacy-and-safety-of-maternal-antiretroviral-therapy-versus-infant-nevirapine-prophylaxis-for-duration-of-breastfeeding-in-hiv-1-infected-women-with-high-cd4-cell-count-impaact-promise-a-randomized-open
#2
Patricia M Flynn, Taha E Taha, Mae Cababasay, Mary Glenn Fowler, Lynne M Mofenson, Maxensia Owor, Susan Fiscus, Lynda Stranix-Chibanda, Anna Coutsoudis, Devasena Gnanashanmugam, Nahida Chakhtoura, Katie McCarthy, Cornelius Mukuzunga, Bonus Makanani, Dhayendre Moodley, Teacler Nematadzira, Bangini Kusakara, Sandesh Patil, Tichaona Vhembo, Raziya Bobat, Blandina T Mmbaga, Maysseb Masenya, Mandisa Nyati, Gerhard Theron, Helen Mulenga, Kevin Butler, David E Shapiro
BACKGROUND: No randomized trial has directly compared the efficacy of prolonged infant antiretroviral prophylaxis versus maternal antiretroviral therapy (mART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission throughout the breastfeeding period. SETTING: Fourteen sites in sub-Saharan Africa and India. METHODS: A randomized, open label strategy trial was conducted in HIV-1-infected women with CD4 counts >350 cells/mm (or >country-specific ART threshold if higher) and their breastfeeding HIV-1-uninfected newborns...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239291/the-impact-of-schizophrenia-and-mood-disorder-risk-alleles-on-emotional-problems-investigating-change-from-childhood-to-middle-age
#3
Lucy Riglin, Stephan Collishaw, Alexander Richards, Ajay K Thapar, Frances Rice, Barbara Maughan, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Previous studies find that both schizophrenia and mood disorder risk alleles contribute to adult depression and anxiety. Emotional problems (depression or anxiety) begin in childhood and show strong continuities into adult life; this suggests that symptoms are the manifestation of the same underlying liability across different ages. However, other findings suggest that there are developmental differences in the etiology of emotional problems at different ages. To our knowledge, no study has prospectively examined the impact of psychiatric risk alleles on emotional problems at different ages in the same individuals...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238672/rigid-bronchoscopy-in-pediatric-patients
#4
Vikas Sinha, Samanth Talagauara Umesh, Sushil G Jha
Aspiration of foreign-bodies remains a major life-threatening situation in children and have always been a source of interest and confusion to otolaryngologists due to their varied presentations. These conditions if not promptly diagnosed and managed can prove to be fatal, but the current mortality is only one percent compared to pre bronchoscopy era (Rothman and Boeckman in Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89:434-436, 1980). Peak incidence of this condition is in early childhood due to child's habit of putting small objects in mouth to determine their taste and texture and chew while teething...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238612/co-creation-of-a-digital-tool-for-the-empowerment-of-parents-of-children-with-physical-disabilities
#5
M W Alsem, K M van Meeteren, M Verhoef, M J W M Schmitz, M J Jongmans, J M A Meily-Visser, M Ketelaar
Plain English summary: Parents of children with physical disabilities do a lot to support their child in daily life. In doing this they are faced with many challenges. These parents have a wide range of unmet needs, especially for information, on different topics. It is sometimes hard for them to get the right information at the right moment, and to ask the right questions to physicians and other healthcare professionals. In order to develop a digital tool to help parents formulate questions and find information, we thought it would be crucial to work together in a process of co-creation with parents, researchers, IT-specialists and healthcare professionals...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238608/study-protocol-for-enhancing-parenting-in-cancer-epic-development-and-evaluation-of-a-brief-psycho-educational-intervention-to-support-parents-with-cancer-who-have-young-children
#6
Lesley Stafford, Michelle Sinclair, Jane Turner, Louise Newman, Claire Wakefield, Mei Krishnasamy, G Bruce Mann, Leslie Gilham, Kylie Mason, Paula Rauch, Julia Cannell, Penelope Schofield
Background: Parents with cancer have high rates of psychological morbidity, and their children are at risk of poor psychosocial outcomes, particularly in the context of parental distress and poor family communication. Parents express concerns about the impact of cancer on their children and report a lack of professional guidance in meeting their children's needs. Few parenting interventions exist and current interventions have extensive infrastructure demands making them unsuitable for routine use in most health settings...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237800/an-integrated-clinic-community-partnership-for-child-obesity-treatment-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#7
Jessica Hoffman, Leah Frerichs, Mary Story, Jason Jones, Kiah Gaskin, Annie Apple, Asheley Skinner, Sarah Armstrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective treatment of childhood obesity remains elusive. Integration of clinical and community systems may achieve effective and sustainable treatment. However, the feasibility and effectiveness of this integrated model are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial among children aged 5 to 11 presenting for obesity treatment. We randomized participants to clinical care or clinical care plus community-based programming at a local parks and recreation facility...
December 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237421/first-decade-patient-with-colorectal-cancer-carrying-both-germline-and-somatic-mutations-in-apc-gene
#8
Yung-Sung Yeh, Yu-Tang Chang, Cheng-Jen Ma, Ching-Wen Huang, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Yi-Ting Chen, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths. The mean age of patients with CRC ranges from 49 to 60 years. Pediatric CRC is unusual, which often escapes early diagnosis because of a lack of awareness of its occurrence in children. The association between the mutation of APC and the occurrence of CRC in the first decade of life remains unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 10-year-old child with CRC; he was diagnosed with stage IIIB advanced transverse colon cancer without distal metastases...
December 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237066/early-motor-developmental-milestones-and-schizotypy-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-study-1966
#9
Svetlana Filatova, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Golam M Khandaker, Estelle Lowry, Tanja Nordström, Tuula Hurtig, Kristiina Moilanen, Jouko Miettunen
Delayed motor developmental milestones have been reported to be associated with schizophrenia in previous studies, but no study has examined the relationship between early motor developmental milestones and schizotypy. We have examined this relationship in a prospective birth cohort.In the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966, data on 9 early motor developmental milestones were collected prospectively from visits to child welfare centers, and data on adult schizotypy were collected through a questionnaire (N = 4557-4674)...
December 9, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237048/latent-profiles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-elementary-school-age-youth-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Tarrah B Mitchell, Ric G Steele
Objective: The objectives were to identify and describe profiles of elementary school-age youth based on objective measurements of total time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and in bouts of the activities, to examine predictors of profiles, and to examine whether profiles were differentially associated with physical and psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Participants included 204 youth (aged 8-11 years) who wore accelerometers to gather objective activity data...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235701/relation-of-child-caregiver-and-environmental-characteristics-to-childhood-injury-in-an-urban-aboriginal-cohort-in-new-south-wales-australia
#11
Katherine Thurber, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Holger Möller, Rebecca Ivers, Chris Cowell, Vivian Isaac, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Cheryl Woodall, Kathleen Clapham
OBJECTIVE: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#12
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233152/hyperuricemia-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-hawassa-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-south-west-ethiopia
#13
Shiferaw Bekele Woyesa, Agete Tadewose Hirigo, Temesgen Bizuayehu Wube
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of the most dangerous heart attack risk factors such as diabetes and prediabetes, abdominal obesity, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Hyperuricemia is a condition in which the serum uric acid concentration is greater than 5.5 mg per deciliter for child and greater than 7.2 and 6.0 mg per deciliters for male and female adults respectively. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the magnitude of hyperuricemia and associated factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Hawassa Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (HCSH) from February 28 to May 30 /2017...
December 12, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231187/-emergency-medical-technician-profile-in-spain
#14
Santiago Martínez-Isasi, María José Rodríguez-Lorenzo, David Vázquez-Santamariña, Javier Abella-Lorenzo, Diana Josefa Castro Dios, Daniel Fernández García
OBJECTIVE: The emergency medical technician plays a fundamental role and is the most important figure quantitatively in pre-hospital emergencies. The aim was to asses the socio-demographic, work-related, health characteristics and technical skills of an Emergency Medical Technician in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. An ad hoc questionnaire was managed using Google Docs® that was delivered between April-June 2014 via email and social networks...
December 11, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230941/a-child-with-myhre-syndrome-presenting-with-corectopia-and-tetralogy-of-fallot
#15
Marianna Alagia, Gerarda Cappuccio, Michele Pinelli, Annalaura Torella, Raffaella Brunetti-Pierri, Francesca Simonelli, Giuseppe Limongelli, Guido Oppido, Vincenzo Nigro, Nicola Brunetti-Pierri
Myhre syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by a narrow spectrum of missense mutations in the SMAD4 gene. Typical features of this disorder are distinctive facial appearance, deafness, intellectual disability, cardiovascular abnormalities, short stature, short hands and feet, compact build, joint stiffness, and skeletal anomalies. The clinical features generally appear during childhood and become more evident in older patients. Therefore, the diagnosis of this syndrome in the first years of life is challenging...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230307/who-parents-skills-training-pst-programme-for-children-with-developmental-disorders-and-delays-delivered-by-family-volunteers-in-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
S U Hamdani, P Akhtar, Zill-E-Huma, H Nazir, F A Minhas, S Sikander, D Wang, C Servilli, A Rahman
Background: Development disorders and delays are recognised as a public health priority and included in the WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP). Parents Skills Training (PST) is recommended as a key intervention for such conditions under the WHO mhGAP intervention guide. However, sustainable and scalable delivery of such evidence based interventions remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and scaled-up implementation of locally adapted WHO PST programme delivered by family volunteers in rural Pakistan...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229566/agreement-between-parent-proxy-and-child-self-report-of-pain-intensity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-surgery
#17
Brooke E Lifland, Rita Mangione-Smith, Tonya M Palermo, Jennifer A Rabbitts
OBJECTIVES: Monitoring patient-centered health outcomes after hospital discharge is important for identifying patients experiencing poor recovery after surgery. Utilizing parent reports may improve the feasibility of monitoring recovery when children are not available to provide self-report. We therefore aimed to examine agreement between parent and child reports of child pain and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children after hospital discharge from inpatient surgery. METHODS: 295 children aged 8-18 years and their parents reported on child pain intensity using an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale and on HRQOL using the 0-to-100 point Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Version 4...
December 8, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229171/special-considerations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#18
REVIEW
Sean A Hebert, Rita D Swinford, David R Hall, Jason K Au, John S Bynon
Universally accepted as the treatment of choice for children needing renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation affords children the opportunity for an improved quality of life over dialysis therapy. Immunologic and surgical advances over the last 15 years have improved the pediatric patient and kidney graft survival. Unique to pediatrics, congenital genitourinary anomalies are the most common primary diseases leading to kidney failure, many with urological issues. Early urological evaluation for post-transplant bladder dysfunction and emphasis on immunization adherence are the mainstays of pediatric pretransplant and post-transplant evaluations...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227519/pediatric-poisoning-by-ingestion-developmental-overview-and-synopsis-of-national-trends
#19
Vincent R Lee, Michael Connolly, Diane P Calello
The American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data Surveillance System provides real-time toxico-surveillance and epidemiologic trends, and pediatric ingestions comprise most of those reports. The sequences in social and physical developmental milestones from young childhood to adolescence reveal the vulnerability of these age groups to a wide variety of potential poisonous ingestions. Most pediatric ingestions are exploratory. Some common agents associated with pediatric fatalities include disc batteries, laundry detergent "pods," opioid analgesics, acetaminophen, benzodiazepines, and amphetamines...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226821/patterns-of-civilian-and-child-deaths-due-to-war-related-violence-in-syria-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-violation-documentation-center-dataset-2011-16
#20
Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schlüter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks
BACKGROUND: Since March, 2011, the Syrian civil war has lowered life expectancy by as much as 20 years. We describe demographic, spatial, and temporal patterns of direct deaths of civilians and opposition combatants from conflict-related violence in 6 years of war. METHODS: We analysed conflict-related violent deaths with complete information on date, place, and cause of death and demographic group occurring from March 18, 2011, to Dec 31, 2016, recorded by the Violation Documentation Center (VDC)...
November 29, 2017: Lancet Global Health
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