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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231260/effects-of-the-skills4genius-sports-based-training-program-in-creative-behavior
#1
Sara Santos, Sergio Jiménez, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
Team Sports has been suggested as a suitable environment to investigate creative behavior. This study's purpose was two-fold: first, it intended to identify the effects of the Skills4Genius sports-bases training program in thinking, motor, and in-game creative behavior in team sports. Second, it aimed to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and in-game creativity. Forty children from primary school were allocated into control (n = 18, age: 9.2±0.4) and experimental (n = 22, age: 9.5±0.7) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229986/executive-function-training-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Lan Shuai, David Daley, Yu-Feng Wang, Jin-Song Zhang, Yan-Ting Kong, Xin Tan, Ning Ji
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with core deficits in executive function (EF) which predicts poorer academic and occupational functioning. This makes early intervention targeting EF impairments important to prevent long-term negative outcomes. Cognitive training is a potential ADHD treatment target. The present study aimed to explore the efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of a cognitive training program (targeting child's multiple EF components and involving parent support in daily life), as a nonpharmacological intervention for children with ADHD...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229329/predicting-parent-health-related-quality-of-life-evaluating-conceptual-models
#3
Ellen K Defenderfer, Tiffany M Rybak, W Hobart Davies, Kristoffer S Berlin
PURPOSE: Parents of children with chronic illnesses are at risk for poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL), with numerous identified risk factors, but the most informative statistical model considering their combined impact is unclear. The authors conceptualized risk for poor HRQoL using a summed model, comprehensive multivariate model, and latent profile analysis (LPA). METHODS: Community parents completed an online survey, providing information about demographics, child's chronic illness, family functioning, and parent and child HRQoL...
February 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227786/a-tunable-digital-ishihara-plate-for-pre-school-aged-children
#4
Orazio Gambino, Ester Minafo, Roberto Pirrone, Edoardo Ardizzone, Orazio Gambino, Ester Minafo, Roberto Pirrone, Edoardo Ardizzone, Ester Minafo, Edoardo Ardizzone, Roberto Pirrone, Orazio Gambino
Colors play a fundamental role for children, both in the everyday life and in education. They recognize the surrounding world, and play games making a large use of colors. They learn letters and numbers by means of colors. As a consequence, early diagnosis of color blindness is an crucial to support an individual affected by this visual perception alteration at the initial phase of his/her life. The diagnosis of red-green color deficiencies (protanopia or deuteranopia) is commonly accomplished by means of the Ishihara test, which consists of plates showing dots with different sizes where some of them compose numbers within a gamut of colors while the ones composing the background have different colors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#5
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225798/effect-of-maternal-death-on-child-survival-in-rural-west-africa-25-years-of-prospective-surveillance-data-in-the-gambia
#6
Susana Scott, Lindsay Kendall, Pierre Gomez, Stephen R C Howie, Syed M A Zaman, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Momodou Jasseh
BACKGROUND: The death of a mother is a tragedy in itself but it can also have devastating effects for the survival of her children. We aim to explore the impact of a mother's death on child survival in rural Gambia, West Africa. METHODS: We used 25 years of prospective surveillance data from the Farafenni Health and Demographic surveillance system (FHDSS). Mortality rates per 1,000 child-years up to ten years of age were estimated and Kaplan-Meier survival curves plotted by maternal vital status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#7
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223810/factors-associated-with-caregiver-burden-among-pharmacotherapy-treated-children-adolescents-with-adhd-in-the-caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-adhd-survey-in-europe
#8
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, M Haim Erder, Kristina S Chen
BACKGROUND: Burden on caregivers of children/adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is multidimensional, but incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze caregiver burden across the concepts of work, social/family life, and parental worry/stress, in relation to selected contributing factors. METHODS: The online Caregiver Perspective on Pediatric ADHD survey was fielded in ten European countries. Analysis included children/adolescents (6-17 years) who were receiving/had received ADHD pharmacotherapy in the previous 6 months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221267/health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-predictors-among-transfusion-dependent-thalassemia-patients
#9
Gulen Tuysuz, Funda Tayfun
PURPOSE: With regular blood transfusions and modern medical management strategies, transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT) patients are currently living into adulthood, but they still suffer from the chronicity of the disease and its complications. This study was aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores in pediatric TDT patients compared with healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales were administered to 80 pediatric TDT patients (aged 5 to 18 y, child self-report) and their parents (parent-proxy report), as well as age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls (80 participants and their parents)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#10
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220684/living-donor-liver-transplantation-during-the-first-three-months-of-life
#11
Mureo Kasahara, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Toshihiro Kitajima, Takanobu Shigeta, Soichi Narumoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Akinari Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation is now an established technique for treating children with end-stage liver disease. Few data exist about liver transplantation for exclusively young infants, especially infants of <3 months of age. We report our single-center experience with 12 cases in which living donor liver transplantation (LT) was performed during the first 3 months of life and compare the results with those of older infants who underwent LT. All of the patients were treated at the National Center of Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan...
February 21, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219966/the-child-witness-in-the-courtroom
#12
Robert H Pantell
Beginning in the 1980s, children have increasingly served as witnesses in the criminal, civil, and family courts; currently, >100 000 children appear in court each year. This statement updates the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement "The Child as a Witness" and the subsequent 1999 "The Child in Court: A Subject Review." It also builds on existing AAP policy on adverse life events affecting children and resources developed to understand and address childhood trauma. The purpose of this policy statement is to provide background information on some of the legal issues involving children testifying in court, including the accuracy and psychological impact of child testimony; to provide suggestions for how pediatricians can support patients who will testify in court; and to make recommendations for policy improvements to minimize the adverse psychological consequences for child witnesses...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219028/identifying-women-at-risk-for-sustained-postpartum-anxiety
#13
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Kobra Falah-Hassani, Flavia Casasanta Marini, Simone N Vigod
INTRODUCTION: To describe the prevalence of sustained postpartum anxiety and to develop a multifactorial predictive model to assist in targeted screening procedures. METHODS: In a population-based cohort in a health region near Vancouver, Canada, 522 mothers completed a mailed questionnaire at 1, 4, and 8 weeks postpartum measuring socio-demographic, biological, pregnancy-related, life stressor, social support, obstetric, and maternal adjustment factors. We undertook a sequential logistic regression analysis to develop a multifactorial predictive model of sustained postpartum anxiety, as measured by a State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) score >40 at 1 week and/or 4 weeks, and 8 weeks postpartum...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217156/extra-axial-giant-falcine-ependymoma-with-ultra-rapid-growth-in-child-uncommon-entity-with-literature-review
#14
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar
Ependymoma tends to occur commonly along either on ventricular surfaces of the brain or central canal of the spinal cord. Rarely, ependymoma can develop in the cerebral cortex without attachment to the ventricular structures. However, such occurrence in the purely extra-axial compartment in the falcine region mimicking falcine meningioma is exceedingly rare. The detailed search of primary falcine ependymoma (PEFE) in Medline and PubMed yielded only five isolated case reports. All cases occurred in patient older than 17 years of age; however, our case was a 9-year-old girl...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217146/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-for-health-related-quality-of-life-comparing-treatments-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-conditions-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#15
Malin Anclair, Fredrik Hjärthag, Arto Juhani Hiltunen
BACKGROUND: Research on parents of children with chronic conditions has shown that this parent group frequently suffers from psychological problems such as deteriorating life quality and stress-related disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present feasibility study focuses on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and life satisfaction of parents of children with chronic conditions. METHOD: The study was conducted using a repeated measures design and applied either group-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT; n = 10) or a group-based mindfulness programme (MF; n = 9)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217067/septo-optic-dysplasia-de-morsier-s-syndrome
#16
Pedro Reis, Joana Mourão
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD)/de Morsier's syndrome is characterized by optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary endocrine dysfunction, and midline brain abnormalities. Hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, and adrenal insufficiency can lead to severe hypoglycemia, adrenal crisis, seizures, and sudden death. Anesthetic management of SOD was associated with high perioperative mortality. A 9-year-old male child proposed for dental treatments/extractions. Medical history of SOD with hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, and delayed psychomotor development was observed...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217065/unsuspected-subglottic-web-in-a-child-managed-for-severe-respiratory-obstruction
#17
Reena, Arun Kumar, Shrawin Kumar Singh, Vineet Agrawal
Subglottic stenosis is a known complication of a traumatic and prolonged intubation. In a child, subglottic area is narrower and more prone to damage by an oversized or overinflated endotracheal tube. The stenosis can present with complaints of change in voice, croup, or respiratory obstruction. Those presenting with respiratory obstruction require immediate diagnosis under direct laryngoscopy and timely corrective intervention under general anesthesia. A 4-year-old child came to the emergency department with severe respiratory obstruction...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215311/rate-of-eating-in-early-life-is-positively-associated-with-current-and-later-body-mass-index-among-young-japanese-children-the-osaka-maternal-and-child-health-study
#18
Hitomi Okubo, Yoshihiro Miyake, Satoshi Sasaki, Keiko Tanaka, Yoshio Hirota
The possible effect of eating rate on promoting obesity has attracted considerable attention among various age groups, but little is known about these associations in an early stage of life. We investigated the hypothesis that eating rate in early childhood influences current and later body mass index (BMI) among young Japanese children. The study participants were 492 Japanese mother-child pairs from a prospective birth cohort study. Information on rate of eating (slow, medium, or fast), macronutrient intake (protein, fat, and carbohydrate), and dietary fiber intake were collected from the mothers using a diet history questionnaire when the children were aged 29 to 39 months...
January 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215249/altered-sleep-architecture-during-the-first-months-of-life-in-infants-born-to-depressed-mothers
#19
Flora Bat-Pitault, Gianluca Sesso, Christine Deruelle, Sophie Flori, Véronique Porcher-Guinet, Camille Stagnara, Aurore Guyon, Sabine Plancoulaine, Joëlle Adrien, David Da Fonseca, Hugues Patural, Patricia Franco
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated sleep architecture in newborn and six-month-old infants who were born to depressed mothers. METHOD: Sixty-four healthy full-term infants (32 males and 32 females) participated in the study. Of these, 32 were high-risk infants who were born to mothers diagnosed with depression, and 32 were low-risk infants born to mothers without a personal history of depression. 24-hour polysomnography was recorded at zero and six months of age (M0 and M6)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215206/iodine-intakes-and-status-in-irish-adults-is-there-cause-for-concern
#20
Breige A McNulty, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Christina Tlustos, Michael J Gibney
I is an important mineral for health, required for the production of key thyroid hormones, which are essential for cellular metabolism, growth and physical development. Hence, adequate I is crucial at all stages of life, but imperative during pregnancy for fetal brain development and during a child's early life for neurodevelopment. Within Ireland, limited information exists on population I intakes and status. Therefore, the purposes of the present analysis were to estimate dietary I intakes and to analyse urinary iodine (UI) status using the cross-sectional National Adult Nutrition Survey 2008-2010 and the most recent Irish Total Diet Study...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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