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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031217/quality-of-life-and-burden-in-caregivers-of-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-presenting-for-intensive-treatment
#1
Monica S Wu, Rebecca Hamblin, Joshua Nadeau, Jessica Simmons, Ashley Smith, Meredith Wilson, Stephanie Eken, Brent Small, Vicky Phares, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with deleterious familial effects; caregivers are often enmeshed in the disorder and can experience considerable burden and decreased quality of life (QoL). Consequently, this study examined burden and QoL in caregivers of youth with OCD enrolled in an intensive outpatient or partial hospitalization program. METHOD: The relationships between caregiver QoL and burden and the following variables were investigated: OCD symptom severity, functioning (youth functional impairment, general family functioning), family (family accommodation, parental relationship satisfaction, positive aspects of caregiving), and comorbid psychopathology (caregiver anxiety and depressive symptoms, youth internalizing and externalizing behaviors)...
August 30, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031040/-treatment-refusal-in-pediatric-oncology
#2
A Špótová, K Husáková, A Hrašková, M Mikesková, J Puškáčová, S Hederová, M Jamárik, E Rabenseifertová, Z Jalovecká, A Kolenová, Z Šubová
BACKGROUND: Pediatric oncologists are often faced with situations in which parents or guardians refuse recommended treatment for curable childhood cancer. Deciding how to proceed in such situations is an ethical dilemma. The aim of this article is to consider optimal approaches when parents are strongly against oncological treatment, potentially compromising their childrens rights for health care and to the chance for cure. CASES: In this paper, we report two cases of treatment refusal from our department and the impact of such decisions on the children themselves...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029215/child-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-late-life-for-men-a-population-based-longitudinal-analysis
#3
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong, Matt C Gregas, Ce Shen, Kevin Shafer
Objective: Research investigating long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on mental health for men is vastly underdeveloped. This study strengthened the knowledge base by examining: (a) long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms for men with and without a history of CSA, and (b) moderating effects of social support over time. Method: We analyzed multiple waves of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The sample (N = 2,451) consisted of men with histories of CSA and a stratified, randomly sampled comparison group...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029164/aging-parents-disabilities-and-daily-support-exchanges-with-middle-aged-children
#4
Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Background and Objectives: Aging parents often incur disabilities in activities of daily living, which may limit their ability to give support and necessitate increased support from middle-aged children. Research has predominantly assessed disabled parents' retrospective reports of receiving support, but we know little about their daily support exchanges with middle-aged children. This study examined practical support, emotional support, and advice that aging parents with and without disabilities provided and received from middle-aged children, and links between these support exchanges and parents' daily mood...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028671/prenatal-and-childhood-exposure-to-phthalate-diesters-and-thyroid-function-in-a-9-year-follow-up-birth-cohort-study-taiwan-maternal-and-infant-cohort-study
#5
Han-Bin Huang, Chia-Jui Chuang, Pen-Hua Su, Chien-Wen Sun, Chien-Jen Wang, Ming-Tsang Wu, Shu-Li Wang
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are widely used in industry, personal care products, and medications. Recent studies have suggested that phthalate exposure alters thyroid hormones. However, longitudinal studies concerning the association between phthalate exposure and thyroid function in children are scant. Therefore, we examined the association between pre- and postnatal phthalate exposure and thyroid function in children born in 2000-2001. METHODS: We studied 181 mother-child pairs in central Taiwan and followed-up the children from 2000 to 2009 at 2, 5, and 8 years old...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028367/philip-hillkowitz-the-granddaddy-of-medical-technologists-and-cofounder-of-the-american-society-for-clinical-pathologists-and-the-jewish-consumptives-relief-society
#6
James R Wright, Jeanne Abrams
CONTEXT: - In the early 20th century, the future of hospital-based clinical pathology practice was uncertain and this situation led to the formation of the American Society for Clinical Pathologists in 1922. Philip Hillkowitz and Ward Burdick were its cofounders. No biography of Hillkowitz exists. OBJECTIVE: - To explore the life, beliefs, and accomplishments of Philip Hillkowitz. DESIGN: - Available primary and secondary historical sources were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027835/identifying-the-types-of-support-needed-by-interprofessional-teams-providing-pediatric-end-of-life-care-a-thematic-analysis
#7
Clare O Riotte, Stephanie K Kukora, Patricia M Keefer, Janice I Firn
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of interprofessional team members caring for children at the end of life, little evidence exists on how institutions can support their staff in providing care in these situations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate which aspects of the hospital work environment were most helpful for multidisciplinary team members who care for patients at the end of life and identify areas for improvement to better address staff needs. DESIGN: Qualitative thematic analysis was completed of free-text comments from a survey distributed to interprofessional staff members involved in the care of a recently deceased pediatric patient...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026431/enablers-and-barriers-to-success-among-mothers-planning-to-exclusively-breastfeed-for-six-months-a-qualitative-prospective-cohort-study-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#8
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Zandile Masango, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is the most important determinant of child health and development, and is the recommended feeding practice for all mothers. However, EBF rates remain low in South Africa. This study aimed to prospectively explore enablers or barriers to success among mothers who planned to exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first six months of life, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal cohort design was adopted...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026216/associations-of-maternal-and-cord-blood-adipokines-with-offspring-adiposity-in-project-viva-is-there-an-interaction-with-child-age
#9
L-J Li, S L Rifas-Shiman, I M Aris, J G Young, C Mantzoros, M-F Hivert, E Oken
OBJECTIVES: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin correlate with adult and childhood adiposity, but it is unclear how exposure to these adipokines during gestation relates to offspring growth. We aimed to investigate the relationships of maternal and cord adipokines with offspring adiposity across childhood to early adolescence, as well as interactions with child age. METHODS: In mother-child pairs in the Project Viva cohort, we measured adipokines in mothers at 2nd trimester (n=1106) and in cord blood at birth (n=657)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025434/minimum-dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#10
Dagmawit Solomon, Zewdie Aderaw, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity has long been recognized as a key element of high quality diets. Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD) is the consumption of four or more food groups from the seven food groups. Globally, only few children are receiving nutritionally adequate and diversified foods. More than two-thirds of malnutrition related child deaths are associated with inappropriate feeding practice during the first two years of life. In Ethiopia, only 7 % of children age 6-23 months had received the minimum acceptable diet...
October 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024677/eating-behavior-traits-associated-with-demographic-variables-and-implications-for-obesity-outcomes-in-early-childhood
#11
Nikki Boswell, Rebecca Byrne, Peter S W Davies
Despite ongoing investigation of children's eating behaviors to better understand the etiology of childhood obesity, few studies have aimed to determine differences in eating behavior based on psycho-social variables reflective of 'stressful' life circumstance. Cross-sectional data collected from parents of 977 Australian children (2.0-5.0 years) in an online survey was used to determine associations between parent-reported Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire [CEBQ] sub-scales, child BMI z-scores and psycho-social variables...
October 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024653/hazards-to-early-development-the-biological-embedding-of-early-life-adversity
#12
Charles A Nelson
The number of children under 18 years of age has increased worldwide over the past decade. This growth spurt is due, in part, to remarkable progress in child survival. Alas, surviving early hazards, like prematurity or infectious disease, does not guarantee that children's development will not be compromised by other hazards as they grow older. Throughout the world, children continue to be confronted with a large number of biological and psychosocial challenges that greatly limit their developmental potential...
October 11, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023517/developmental-delay-in-the-amazon-the-social-determinants-and-prevalence-among-rural-communities-in-peru
#13
Christopher Westgard, Yossef Alnasser
The consequences of poor child development are becoming increasingly recognized. Programs are being put in place around the world to improve child development by providing healthy and stimulating environments for children. However, these programs often have limited reach and little is known about the prevalence of developmental delay in under-developed communities. The current study set-out to better understand the prevalence of developmental delay in rural communities in the Amazon region of Peru. Also, it explores social determinants that are associated with any delay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023171/anemia-in-children-prevalence-causes-diagnostic-work-up-and-long-term-consequences
#14
Slimane Allali, Valentine Brousse, Anne-Sylvia Sacri, Martin Chalumeau, Mariane de Montalembert
Anemia in children is a major public health problem throughout the world. It is often multifactorial, iron deficiency being the most frequent etiology. Consequences are diverse and largely under evaluated. Areas covered: This paper briefly reviews the main causes and focus on the potential consequences of acute and chronic anemia in children. Expert commentary: Anemia in children should never be trivialized. Even if iron deficiency is frequently involved, other potentially life-threatening causes are possible and should be looked for...
October 12, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022961/orbital-teratoma-a-rare-congenital-tumour
#15
Simanta Khadka, Gulshan Bahadur Shrestha, Pragati Gautam, Jyoti Baba Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Orbital teratomas are congenital, unilateral germ cell tumors, which are present at birth with moderate to massive proptosis. The rare tumour has to be managed individually and is at times difficult. CASE: A female child in her 2nd day of life was brought to our department with complains of forward bulging of the left eye which was noticed since the time of her birth. OBSERVATION: Examination and investigations revealed a mass with scattered foci of calcification...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022722/the-impact-of-negative-affect-on-attention-patterns-to-threat-across-the-first-2-years-of-life
#16
Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Santiago Morales, Vanessa LoBue, Bradley C Taber-Thomas, Elizabeth K Allen, Kayla M Brown, Kristin A Buss
The current study examined the relations between individual differences in attention to emotion faces and temperamental negative affect across the first 2 years of life. Infant studies have noted a normative pattern of preferential attention to salient cues, particularly angry faces. A parallel literature suggests that elevated attention bias to threat is associated with anxiety, particularly if coupled with temperamental risk. Examining the emerging relations between attention to threat and temperamental negative affect may help distinguish normative from at-risk patterns of attention...
October 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022171/debating-social-egg-freezing-arguments-from-phases-of-life
#17
Eva Weber-Guskar
So-called "social egg freezing" allows a woman to retain the possibility of trying to have a child with her own oocytes later in life, even after having become infertile in the strict sense of the word (that is, infertile without assistance in reproduction).There is a debate about whether it is morally permissible at all, the extent to which it should be permitted legally or even supported, and whether it is ethically desirable. This paper contributes some thoughts to the issue of ethical desirability. More precisely it deals with the question of whether there is any valuable argument to be made on the basis of the idea of life phases and normative expectations related to them...
October 11, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021962/first-year-metabolic-control-guidelines-and-their-impact-on-future-metabolic-control-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-pku
#18
Alicia de la Parra, María Ignacia García, Valerie Hamilton, Carolina Arias, Juan Francisco Cabello, Verónica Cornejo
There is a consensus on the importance of early and life-long treatment for PKU patients. Still, differences exist on target blood phenylalanine (Phe) concentrations for children with PKU in different countries and treatment centers. For the first time, long-term metabolic control and child development and cognitive functioning is compared between children with mean phenylalanine concentrations under 240 μmol/L (group A), between 240 and 360 μmol/L (group B) or over 360 μmol/L (group C) during their first year of life...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021661/successful-renal-transplant-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-hiv-associated-nephropathy
#19
Anshuman Sood, David Hakim, Abhishek Bose
HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is a pathological state of the kidneys due to longstanding, uncontrolled HIV infection. With the rapid progression of HIVAN to end-stage kidney failure, there is a significant potential for renal transplantation to improve the quality of life in these patients. Numerous studies have been recently published documenting renal transplantation as a primary treatment for HIVAN. With the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy, allograft and patient survival rates of HIV-infected persons are nearly identical to those who are HIV negative...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021141/use-of-a-dynamic-gait-trainer-for-a-child-with-thoracic-level-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Wendy Altizer, Garey Noritz, Ginny Paleg
Paediatric spinal cord injury (SCI) can result in permanent mobility impairment with consequences for activity, participation and quality of life. This case documents the effect of an overground supported stepping intervention using a dynamic gait trainer. To our knowledge, there are no published studies on this intervention for children with SCI and similar interventions have only been reported in children at American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) levels B and C.A child with a T10 (thoracic level, vertebra 10), AIS level A injury, sustained at 2 years of age, continued to make gains in all areas including participation, activity, body structure and function over the following 4 years...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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