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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333294/antibiotic-consumption-by-new-zealand-children-exposure-is-near-universal-by-the-age-of-5%C3%A2-years
#1
Mark R Hobbs, Cameron C Grant, Stephen R Ritchie, Carol Chelimo, Susan M B Morton, Sarah Berry, Mark G Thomas
Background: Increasing concerns about antibiotic resistance and microbiome disruption have stimulated interest in describing antibiotic consumption in young children. Young children are an age group for whom antibiotics are frequently prescribed. Objectives: To describe community antibiotic dispensing during the first 5 years of life in a large, socioeconomically and ethnically diverse cohort of children, and to determine how antibiotic dispensing varied between population subgroups...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332940/longitudinal-cancer-risk-management-trajectories-of-brca1-2-mutation-positive-reproductive-age-women
#2
Jennifer Louise Young, Allison Werner-Lin, Rebecca Mueller, Lindsey Hoskins, Norman Epstein, Mark H Greene
Young women with BRCA1/2 mutations face difficult health-care decisions regarding family formation, fertility, breastfeeding, and whether/when to undergo cancer risk-reducing surgery. This longitudinal qualitative study investigated these life choices during the reproductive years. We conducted two semistructured interviews over three years with 12 reproductive-age BRCA1/2-positive women. Researchers coded transcripts to examine the evolution of risk perceptions, risk management, and family planning decisions...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330857/estimated-disability-adjusted-life-years-averted-by-free-of-charge-provision-of-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-over-a-9-year-period-in-brazil
#3
Jessica M Ferreira, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes, Maria V Bahamondes, Ana Pitoli, Luis Bahamondes
BACKGROUND: The objective was to analyse the contribution of the provision at no cost to users of the 20 µg/day levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) towards disability-adjusted life years (DALY) averted over a 9-year period. METHODS: We analysed data from 15 030 new users of the LNG-IUS who had the device inserted at 26 Brazilian teaching hospitals between January 2007 and December 2015. The devices came from the International Contraceptive Access Foundation (ICA), a not-for-profit foundation that donates the devices to developing countries for use by low-income women who desire long-term contraception and who freely choose to use this device...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330574/bi-maxillary-dentigerous-cyst-in-a-non-syndromic-child%C3%A2-%C3%A2-review-of-literature-with-a-case-presentation
#4
A Dhupar, S Yadav, V Dhupar, H C Mittal, S Malik, P Rana
Dentigerous cysts are the most common developmental odontogenic cysts of the jaw, which usually occur in the second and third decade of life. It is most frequently associated with impacted mandibular third molar teeth and impacted canines. Bilateral/multiple dentigerous cysts are rare and typically associated with developmental syndromes. Non-syndromic dentigerous cyst occurring bilaterally or involving both arches at the same time is very rare. Here, we discuss the review of literature with a case of unusual occurrence of non-syndromic bi-maxillary dentigerous cysts in a child...
February 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329807/are-you-sleeping-dyadic-associations-of-support-stress-and-worries-regarding-adult-children-on-sleep
#5
Amber J Seidel, Jeremy B Yorgason, Courtney A Polenick, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Purpose of the study: Sleep is a key factor in maintaining positive health and well-being throughout life. Although the negative outcomes of sleep problems are becoming better understood, less is known about how intergenerational relationships might affect sleep. Thus, this investigation examines the dyadic associations of support for, stress over, and worrying about adult children on sleep quality for husbands and wives. Design and Methods: The sample included 186 heterosexual married couples drawn from the Family Exchanges Study...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329430/maintaining-family-life-balance-while-facing-a-child-s-imminent-death-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco
AIM: To understand parents' experiences and needs during a child's end-of-life care at home and to identify systemic factors that influence its provision. BACKGROUND: A child's end-of-life phase is an extremely difficult time for the whole family. Parents have specific needs, especially when they care for a dying child at home. DESIGN: Concurrent embedded mixed methods design. METHODS: This sub-study of the nationwide survey, 'Paediatric End-of-Life Care Needs in Switzerland' (2012-2015) included 47 children who received EOL care at home from 2011-2012...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328839/association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-fitness-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Alberto Bermejo-Cantarero, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaino, Antonio García-Hermoso, Ana Isabel Torres-Costoso, Mairena Sánchez-López
BACKGROUND: Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective, multidimensional and changing over time construct. When HRQoL is decreased, a child is less likely to be able to develop normally and mature into a healthy adult. Physical inactivity is a priority public health problem. Evidence suggests how even moderate levels of physical activity or high fitness levels are associated with benefits for the health in children and adolescents. The aims of this systematic review are to examine the evidence about the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and fitness with HRQoL, and estimate the effects of interventions that have tested the effectiveness of the increase of the physical activity, the improvement of the physical fitness or the avoidance of sedentary behaviors in HRQoL in healthy subjects aged under 18 years old...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328696/enterocolitis-in-a-child-with-hirschsprung-disease
#8
Alexander W D Guillaume, Andrew C Miller, Michael C Nguyen
Hirschsprung disease is a congenital abnormality that can be surgically corrected. However, Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis can be a life-threatening sequela. Very little has been published in the emergency medicine literature about the risk of enterocolitis and shock in patients with a history of Hirschsprung disease. We describe the case of a 6-month-old male infant with a history of multiple surgeries for Hirschsprung disease who presented to the emergency department with a seemingly benign viral gastrointestinal illness...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328693/a-giant-pseudoaneurysm-mimicking-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-a-child
#9
Rijuneeta Gupta, Sourabha K Patro, Neha Chauhan, Ajay Kumar
Pseudoaneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery are rare and usually result from trauma, infection, or rarely spontaneously. They harbor potential risk of life-threatening hemorrhage and warrant immediate management. Endovascular treatment in the form of stent placement and coiling is a well established technique for dealing with both intracranial and extracranial pseudoaneurysms. We present a case of a child who presented with fever, neck swelling, dysphagia, and respiratory distress in emergency for which clinical diagnosis of a neck abscess was made...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328233/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-neonates-with-hypernatremic-dehydration
#10
Hassan Boskabadi, Javad Akhondian, Maliheh Afarideh, Gholamali Maamouri, Sepideh Bagheri, Seyyed Mostafa Parizadeh, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan, Shabnam Mohammadi, Gordon A A Frens
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration (NHD) is a dangerous condition that can lead to severe weight loss, renal impairment, and central nervous system complications. We aimed to evaluate the consequences of NHD in infants in their second year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study in Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Sixty-five healthy breastfed neonates (serum sodium concentration <150 mmol/L) and 65 hypernatremic (serum sodium concentration ≥150 mmol/L) neonates were followed up from 2008 to 2011...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327104/characterizing-early-child-growth-patterns-of-height-for-age-in-an-urban-slum-cohort-of-bangladesh-with-functional-principal-component-analysis
#11
Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Jennie Z Ma
BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developmental impairment and under-five mortality. Better understanding of early growth patterns should allow for early detection and intervention in malnutrition. We aimed to characterize early child growth patterns and quantify the change of growth curves from the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326741/the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-adulthood
#12
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The childhood adversities model is generally accepted as a predictor of adult psychopathology vulnerability. It stems from child development theories, but the question remains as of how well solid research supports it. The aim of this article is to give a review of the studies concerning childhood adversities and their impact on the development of anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder in adulthood. METHOD: A computerized search of the MEDLINE database of publications up to 31 March 2016 was done, using the keywords "childhood adversities, abuse, maltreatment, bullying" and "anxiety disorders, depressive disorder"...
December 22, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326540/a-life-history-approach-to-delineating-how-harsh-environments-and-hawk-temperament-traits-differentially-shape-children-s-problem-solving-skills
#13
Jennifer H Suor, Melissa L Sturge-Apple, Patrick T Davies, Dante Cicchetti
BACKGROUND: Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and children's problem-solving outcomes across tasks varying in ecological relevance. In addition, we utilize an evolutionary model of temperament toward further specifying whether hawk temperament traits moderate these associations...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326332/quality-of-life-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Daniela Marchetti, Danilo Carrozzino, Federica Fraticelli, Mario Fulcheri, Ester Vitacolonna
Background and Objective. Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) could significantly increase the likelihood of health problems concerning both potential risks for the mother, fetus, and child's development and negative effects on maternal mental health above all in terms of a diminished Quality of Life (QoL). The current systematic review study is aimed at further contributing to an advancement of knowledge about the clinical link between GDM and QoL. Methods. According to PRISMA guidelines, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies aimed at evaluating and/or improving levels of QoL in women diagnosed with GDM...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326200/the-anaesthesiologist-and-palliative-care-in-a-newborn-with-the-adam-sequence
#15
Alberto Vieira Pantoja, Maria Emília Gonçalves Estevez, Bruno Lima Pessoa, Fernando de Paiva Araújo, Bruno Mendonça Barcellos, Ciro Augusto Floriani, Marco Antonio Cardoso de Resende
Reports focusing on biomedical principlism and the role of anaesthesiologists in palliative care are rare. We present the case of a newborn with multiple craniofacial anomalies and a diagnosis of ADAM "sequence," in which surgical removal of placental adhesions to the dura mater and the correction of meningocele was not indicated due to the very short life expectancy. After 48 hours, the odor from the placenta indicted a necrotic process, which prevented the parents from being close to the child and increased his isolation...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326047/preventing-internalizing-problems-in-young-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-feelings-and-friends-year-3-program-with-a-motor-skills-component
#16
Ruhamah G Tennant, Katie K Martin, Rosanna Rooney, Sharinaz Hassan, Robert T Kane
Anxiety and depression are common mental health problems experienced by children in Australia. The impact of these internalizing disorders is pervasive, affecting many areas of life. By the time problems have been detected in children they can be severe in nature and harder to treat. Hence, early intervention is of utmost importance. Despite the existence of numerous prevention programs for children, there is limited empirical evidence for a program that has an impact on symptoms of both anxiety and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324810/the-emotional-process-from-diagnosis-to-birth-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-anomaly-a-qualitative-study-of-messages-in-online-discussion-boards
#17
Tommy Carlsson, Veronica Starke, Elisabet Mattsson
OBJECTIVE: to explore written statements found in online discussion boards where parents currently expecting, or with previous experience of expecting, a child with a prenatally diagnosed congenital anomaly communicate about their emotional process from diagnosis to birth. DESIGN: cross-sectional qualitative study of messages in public online discussion boards. SETTING: Swedish public discussion boards about reproductive subjects. SAMPLE: ten pregnant women and eight parents (of children with prenatal diagnoses) who had written 852 messages in five threads in Swedish online discussion boards identified via systematic searches...
March 2, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323622/a-quality-of-life-assessment-and-the-correlation-between-generic-and-disease-specific-questionnaires-scores-in-outpatients-with-chronic-liver-disease-pilot-study
#18
Milica Obradovic, Zoran Gluvic, Nina Petrovic, Milan Obradovic, Ratko Tomasevic, Predrag Dugalic, Esma R Isenovic
INTRODUCTION: Chronic liver diseases (CLD) are important cause of morbidity and mortality in general population. The aim of this study was to analyze potential differences between patients with CLD and healthy control group, and to estimate the severity of CLD by using simple questionnaires: general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) and chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ). METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study was performed in Zemun Clinical Hospital during years 2014 and 2015...
March 20, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321962/psychosocial-care-for-children-with-haemophilia-and-their-parents-in-the-netherlands
#19
REVIEW
P F Limperg, L Haverman, M Beijlevelt, M van der Pot, G Zaal, W A de Boer, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Children growing up with haemophilia are at greater risk for psychosocial problems than their healthy peers. Providing psychosocial care to children with haemophilia and their families is indispensable, since psychosocial factors can have a significant impact on health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). AIMS: Our aim was to give a description of psychosocial care provided by the multidisciplinary team of the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre (HCCC) at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
March 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321847/antenatal-corticosteroids-for-accelerating-fetal-lung-maturation-for-women-at-risk-of-preterm-birth
#20
REVIEW
Devender Roberts, Julie Brown, Nancy Medley, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Respiratory morbidity including respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a serious complication of preterm birth and the primary cause of early neonatal mortality and disability. While researching the effects of the steroid dexamethasone on premature parturition in fetal sheep in 1969, Liggins found that there was some inflation of the lungs of lambs born at gestations at which the lungs would be expected to be airless. Liggins and Howie published the first randomised controlled trial in humans in 1972 and many others followed...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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