keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sports sciences

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#1
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504570/saliva-a-reliable-sample-matrix-in-bioanalytics
#2
Michael Gröschl
Saliva is gaining increasing attention as a bioanalytical sample matrix. Mostly because of the easy and noninvasive collection, it is not only beneficial in endocrinological and behavioral science, but also in pediatrics. Saliva also has the advantage of being the only body fluid which can be collected even during physical exercise, for example, during sportive activities, and there are physiological characteristics that make it superior to serum/plasma or urine for specific scientific questions. This review provides an insight into the physiology of saliva formation, explaining how certain compounds enter this bodily fluid, and gives advice for collection, storage and analytical methods...
May 15, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502384/sports-science-needs-more-interdisciplinary-constraints-led-research-programmes-the-case-of-water-safety-in-new-zealand
#3
C Button, J L Croft
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell's constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commentary, we agree with Glazier's proposal. However, his ideas suggest that there is a need to demonstrate explicitly how such an integration might occur within applied scientific research...
May 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499742/understanding-constraints-on-sport-performance-from-the-complexity-sciences-paradigm-an-ecological-dynamics-framework
#4
Ludovic Seifert, Duarte Araújo, John Komar, Keith Davids
Glazier's suggestion for the constraints-led approach as a GUT for sport performance is a worthy proposal. What is missing from these preliminary insights is a principled basis, in the form of pillars, for understanding the cornerstones of the sports medicine profession, and this lack of an overarching theoretical framework is also somewhat of a limitation in Glazier's initial ideas, as we argue later. Here we suggest that his preliminary proposal would benefit from considering a more comprehensive ontological positioning within the complexity sciences paradigm to benefit from conceptualising athletes and sports teams as complex adaptive systems...
May 9, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497284/exercise-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-groin-pain-and-injury-in-athletes-a-critical-and-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Paula C Charlton, Michael K Drew, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Alison Grimaldi, Ross A Clark
BACKGROUND: Groin injury is a common musculoskeletal complaint for athletes competing in a variety of sports. The extent to which exercise interventions incorporating external load are an appropriate option for the treatment and prevention of groin injury in athletes is not yet clear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to describe and evaluate exercise therapy interventions and outcomes for the treatment and prevention of groin injury with specific attention to application of external load...
May 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493061/chronotype-physical-activity-and-sport-performance-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Andi Weydahl
BACKGROUND: Many variables related to sport have been shown to have circadian rhythms. Chronotype is the expression of circadian rhythmicity in an individual, and three categories of chronotype are defined: morning types (M-types), evening types (E-types), and neither types (N-types). M-types show earlier peaks of several psychophysiological variables during the day than E-types. The effect of chronotype on athletic performance has not been extensively investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present review was to study the effect of chronotype on athletic performance and the psychophysiological responses to physical activity...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488907/prediction-the-modern-day-sports-science-medicine-quest-for-the-holy-grail
#7
Alan McCall, Maurizio Fanchini, Aaron J Coutts
In high performance sport, science and medicine practitioners employ a variety of physical and psychological tests, training/match monitoring and injury screening tools for a variety of reasons; mainly to predict performance, identify talented individuals and flag when an injury will occur. The ability to 'predict' outcomes such as performance, talent or injury is arguably the sports science/medicine modern day equivalent of the 'Quest for the Holy Grail'. The purpose of this invited commentary is to 1) highlight the common misinterpretation of studies investigating association to those actually analysing prediction and 2) provide practitioners with simple recommendations to quickly distinguish between methods pertaining to association and those of prediction...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482089/inter-episode-sleep-bruxism-intervals-and-myofascial-face-pain
#8
K Muzalev, F Lobbezoo, M N Janal, K G Raphael
Study Objectives: Sleep bruxism (SB) is considered as a possible etiological factor for Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) pain. However, polysomnographic (PSG) studies, which are current "gold standard" diagnostic approach to SB, failed to prove an association between SB and TMD. A possible explanation could be that PSG studies have considered only limited characteristics of SB activity: the number of SB events per hour and, sometimes, the total duration of SB per night. According to the sports sciences literature, lack of adequate rest-time between muscle activities leads to muscle overloading and pain...
May 6, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471203/-ascites-may-provide-useful-information-for-diagnosis-of-ovarian-cancer
#9
E Stuchlíková, M Zahradníková, R Nenutil, D Valík, B Vojtěšek, M Novotný, L Hernychova
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological cancer, almost 80% of all patients succumb the disease within 5 years of diagnosis. High mortality is caused especially by nonspecific symptoms, diagnosis in late stages and the absence of a specific biomarker. Currently, the most common diagnostic biomarkers are the membrane glycoprotein Cancer Antigen 125 (CA 125), the Human Epididymal Protein 4 (HE4) and the Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CAE). None of these biomarkers is specific only for ovarian cancer and increased levels may be caused by other diseases...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463642/monitoring-athlete-training-loads-consensus-statement
#10
Pitre C Bourdon, Marco Cardinale, Andrew Murray, Paul Gastin, Michael Kellmann, Matthew C Varley, Tim J Gabbett, Aaron J Coutts, Darren J Burgess, Warren Gregson, N Timothy Cable
Monitoring the load placed on athletes in both training and competition has become a very hot topic in sport science. Both scientists and coaches routinely monitor training loads using multidisciplinary approaches, and the pursuit of the best methodologies to capture and interpret data has produced an exponential increase in empirical and applied research. Indeed, the field has developed with such speed in recent years that it has given rise to industries aimed at developing new and novel paradigms to allow us to precisely quantify the internal and external loads placed on athletes and to help protect them from injury and ill health...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455367/university-of-bath-internationally-renowned-master-of-science-msc-programmes-in-sport-and-exercise-medicine-and-sports-physiotherapy-for-the-busy-clinician-continuing-professional-development-series
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444129/return-to-sport-following-stress-fractures-of-the-great-toe-sesamoids-a-systematic-review
#12
G A J Robertson, J S Goffin, A M Wood
Introduction: This review aims to provide information on return rates and times to sport following stress fractures of the great toe sesamoids (SFGTSs). Sources of data: A systematic search of CINAHAL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Medline, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science was performed using the keywords 'stress', 'fractures', 'great', 'toe', 'sesamoid', 'athletes', 'sports', 'non-operative', 'conservative', 'operative' and 'return to sport'. Areas of agreement: Fourteen studies were included: three studies reported on the outcome of conservatively-managed SFGTSs; thirteen studies reported on the outcome of surgically-managed SFGTSs...
April 24, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418998/physical-activity-as-cause-and-cure-of-muscular-pain-evidence-of-underlying-mechanisms
#13
Karen Søgaard, G Sjøgaard
Work-related physical activity (PA), in terms of peak loads, sustained and/or repetitive contractions presents risk factors for the development of muscular pain and disorders. However, PA as training tailored to the employee's work exposure, health, and physical capacity offers prevention and rehabilitation. We suggest the concept of "Intelligent Physical Exercise Training" relying on evidence-based sports science training principles.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4...
April 17, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#14
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413129/return-to-play-after-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-of-the-capitellum-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Jacob M Kirsch, Jared R Thomas, Moin Khan, Whitney A Townsend, Jeffrey N Lawton, Asheesh Bedi
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to play and to identify lesion or osteochondral graft characteristics that may influence the return to competitive athletics after osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for symptomatic osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A duplicate search of PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and CENTRAL databases was performed, beginning from the database inception dates through July 2016, for all articles evaluating the return to play after OAT for OCD lesions of the capitellum...
April 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412270/how-surgeons-conceptualize-talent-a-qualitative-study-using-sport-science-as-a-lens
#16
Rune Dall Jensen, Mette Krogh Christensen, Kori A LaDonna, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen, Sayra Cristancho
OBJECTIVES: Debates prevail regarding the definition of surgical talent, and how individuals with the potential to become talented surgeons can be identified and developed. However, over the past 30 years, talent has been studied extensively in other domains. The objectives of this study is to explore notions of talent in surgery and sport in order to investigate if the field of surgical education can benefit from expanding its view on talented performances. Therefore, this study aims to use the sport literature as a lens when exploring how surgeons conceptualize and define talent...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402432/educational-outcomes-of-a-medical-physicist-program-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years-in-japan
#17
Noriyuki Kadoya, Kumiko Karasawa, Iori Sumida, Hidetaka Arimura, Yasumasa Kakinohana, Shigeto Kabuki, Hajime Monzen, Teiji Nishio, Hiroki Shirato, Syogo Yamada
The promotion plan for the Platform of Human Resource Development for Cancer (Ganpro) was initiated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan in 2007, establishing a curriculum for medical physicists. In this study, we surveyed the educational outcomes of the medical physicist program over the past 10 years since the initiation of Ganpro. The Japan Society of Medical Physics mailing list was used to announce this survey. The questionnaire was created by members of the Japanese Board for Medical Physicist Qualification, and was intended for the collection of information regarding the characteristics and career paths of medical physics students...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390513/diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-concussion
#18
REVIEW
Michael A McCrea, Lindsay D Nelson, Kevin Guskiewicz
Over the past 2 decades, there have been major advances in the basic and clinical science of concussion and mild traumatic brain injury. These advances now provide a more evidence-informed approach to the definition, diagnosis, assessment, and management of acute concussion. Standardized clinical tools have been developed and validated for assessment of acute concussion across injury settings (eg, civilian, sport, military). Consensus guidelines now provide guidance regarding injury management and approaches to ensure safe return to activity after acute concussion...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387556/long-term-cognitive-and-neuropsychiatric-consequences-of-repetitive-concussion-and-head-impact-exposure
#19
Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea
Initially, interest in sport-related concussion arose from the premise that the study of athletes engaged in sports associated with high rates of concussion could provide insight into the mechanisms, phenomenology, and recovery from mild traumatic brain injury. Over the last decade, concerns have focused on the possibility that, for some athletes, repetitive concussions may raise the long-term risk for cognitive decline, neurobehavioral changes, and neurodegenerative disease. First conceptualized as a discrete event with variable recovery trajectories, concussion is now viewed by some as a trigger of neurobiological events that may influence neurobehavioral function over the course of the life span...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387545/abstracts-for-the-4th-annual-congress-on-medicine-science-in-ultra-endurance-sports-may-30-2017-denver-colorado
#20
(no author information available yet)
The 4th Annual Congress on Medicine & Science in Ultra-Endurance Sports will be held on May 30, 2017, in Denver, Colorado. While prior meetings have been multiple-day events, the 2017 Congress will be an intense 1-day preconference to the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting. Details of this Congress, as well as past and future meetings, can be found at the Ultra Sports Science Foundation Web site: http://ultrasportsscience.us.
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
keyword
keyword
95104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"