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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656913/faith-activity-and-nutrition-randomized-dissemination-and-implementation-study-countywide-adoption-reach-and-effectiveness
#1
Sara Wilcox, Ruth P Saunders, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melinda Forthofer, Patricia A Sharpe, Cheryl Goodwin, Margaret Condrasky, Vernon L Kennedy, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Deborah Kinnard, Brent Hutto
INTRODUCTION: Faith-based organizations can contribute to improving population health, but few dissemination and implementation studies exist. This paper reports countywide adoption, reach, and effectiveness from the Faith, Activity, and Nutrition dissemination and implementation study. DESIGN: This was a group-randomized trial. Data were collected in 2016. Statistical analyses were conducted in 2017. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Churches in a rural, medically underserved county in South Carolina were invited to enroll, and attendees of enrolled churches were invited to complete questionnaires (n=1,308 participated)...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650060/gastrostomy-versus-nasogastric-tube-feeding-for-chemoradiation-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-the-tube-pilot-rct
#2
Vinidh Paleri, Joanne Patterson, Nikki Rousseau, Eoin Moloney, Dawn Craig, Dimitrios Tzelis, Nina Wilkinson, Jeremy Franks, Ann Marie Hynes, Ben Heaven, David Hamilton, Teresa Guerrero-Urbano, Rachael Donnelly, Stewart Barclay, Tim Rapley, Deborah Stocken
BACKGROUND: Approximately 9000 new cases of head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) are treated by the NHS each year. Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is a commonly used treatment for advanced HNSCC. Approximately 90% of patients undergoing CRT require nutritional support via gastrostomy or nasogastric tube feeding. Long-term dysphagia following CRT is a primary concern for patients. The effect of enteral feeding routes on swallowing function is not well understood, and the two feeding methods have, to date (at the time of writing), not been compared...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642971/pragmatic-implementation-studies-to-improve-nutrition-practices-and-policies-childcare-during-the-first-1000-days-as-a-contributor-to-long-term-health
#3
Jacqueline L Walker, Robyn Littlewood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629367/perspectives-from-the-third-international-summit-on-medical-nutrition-education-and-research
#4
Jennifer Jean Crowley, Celia Laur, Harrison David Edward Carter, Glenys Jones, Sumantra Ray
Nutrition is an important component of public health and health care, including in education and research, and in the areas of policy and practice. This statement was the overarching message during the third annual International Summit on Medical Nutrition Education and Research, held at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, in August 2017. This summit encouraged attendees to think more broadly about the impact of nutrition policy on health and communities, including the need to visualize the complete food system from "pre-farm to post-fork...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618139/factors-affecting-acceptance-of-hospital-information-systems-based-on-extended-technology-acceptance-model-a-case-study-in-three-paraclinical-departments
#5
Hamed Nadri, Bahlol Rahimi, Hadi Lotfnezhad Afshar, Mahnaz Samadbeik, Ali Garavand
OBJECTIVE:  Regardless of the acceptance of users, information and communication systems can be considered as a health intervention designed to improve the care delivered to patients. This study aimed to determine the adoption and use of the extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM2) by the users of hospital information system (HIS) in paraclinical departments including laboratory, radiology, and nutrition and to investigate the key factors of adoption and use of these systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A standard questionnaire was used to collect the data from nearly 253 users of these systems in paraclinical departments of eight university hospitals in two different cities of Iran...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606695/implementing-a-targeted-and-culturally-tailored-policy-systems-and-environmental-nutrition-strategy-to-reach-korean-americans
#6
Soonsik Sara Kim, Catlin Rideout, Hee Won Han, Linda Lee, Simona C Kwon
THE PROBLEM: Policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) approaches have been shown to be effective in increasing rates of healthy behaviors in the overall population, but are not always effective in reaching racial and ethnic minority groups, including Korean Americans (KAs), who may be socially and linguistically isolated from mainstream campaigns and programs. Targeted and tailored PSE strategies are needed to reach these groups. PURPOSE: To describe the process and lessons learned in implementing a targeted and culturally tailored PSE strategy to increase access to healthy foods for KAs...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595578/a-menu-to-evaluate-factors-influencing-implementation-of-obesity-prevention-early-care-and-education-regulations
#7
Erin Sawicki, Dianne C Barker, Marjorie A Gutman, Ian Caughlan, Marissa Yochelson, George Grob
CONTEXT: In recent years, several states have adopted new regulations concerning nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early care and education (ECE) settings to help prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To disseminate a menu of factors that facilitate and/or impede implementation of obesity prevention regulations in ECE settings. DESIGN: To create the menu, we condensed and categorized factors identified in the literature and through field work by placing them within domains...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582950/-hadassah-medical-organization-a-pioneer-in-population-health
#8
REVIEW
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Hagai Levine, Avi Israeli, Ora Paltiel
Population health is a term encompassing "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group." Only recently have hospitals viewed themselves as focal points for promoting health in a community, involving themselves with population health. Hadassah Medical Organization (HMO), however, has been in the business of population health since its founding. Its early programs, promoting and delivering nutritional support, maternal-child health and other services to the Yishuv's inhabitants, showed that the HMO defined its community broadly...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580533/product-reformulation-in-the-context-of-nutritional-warning-labels-exploration-of-consumer-preferences-towards-food-concepts-in-three-food-categories
#9
Gastón Ares, Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, María Rosa Curutchet, Lucía Antúnez, Leandro Machín, Leticia Vidal, Ana Giménez
The reformulation of the food products available in the marketplace to improve their nutritional quality has been identified as one of the most cost-effective policies for controlling the global obesity pandemic. Front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling is one of the strategies that has been suggested to encourage the food industry to reformulate their products. However, the extent to which certain FOP labels can encourage product reformulation is dependent on consumer reaction. The aim of the present work was to assess consumers' perception towards product reformulation in the context of the implementation of nutritional warnings, an interpretive FOP nutrition labelling scheme...
May 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575870/how-is-the-process-of-setting-micronutrients-recommendations-reflected-in-nutrition-policies-in-poland-the-case-study-of-folate
#10
Ewa Sicińska, Marta Jeruszka-Bielak, Wojciech Roszkowski, Anna Brzozowska, Mirosław Jarosz, Monique M Raats
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Ensuring the adequate intake of micronutrients by populations is an important aspect of public health. This study aims to elucidate the process of setting nutrition recommendations and the development of subsequent policies associated with micronutrients in Poland by using the case study of folate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on 13 interviews conducted between October 2010 - February 2011, and desk research comprising a review of the associated scientific literature and relevant documents, such as scientific opinions and reports of the meetings of scientific committees...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573370/nutrition-sensitive-agricultural-interventions-and-gender-dynamics-a-qualitative-study-in-nepal
#11
Cecilie Kjeldsberg, Niva Shrestha, Miti Patel, Dale Davis, Gary Mundy, Kenda Cunningham
Undernutrition and low women's status persist as major development obstacles in South Asia and specifically, Nepal. Multi-sectoral approaches, including nutrition-sensitive agriculture, are potential avenues for further reductions in undernutrition. Although evidence is growing, many questions remain regarding how gender mediates the translation of agricultural production activities into nutritional benefit. In this study, we examined how gender influences the pathway from agricultural production to improved income and control of income, with a focus on five domains of empowerment: decision-making power, freedom of mobility, social support, workload and time, and self-efficacy...
March 24, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565653/childhood-obesity-declines-project-an-exploratory-study-of-strategies-identified-in-communities-reporting-declines
#12
Phyllis G Ottley, Nicola Dawkins-Lyn, Carole Harris, Carrie Dooyema, Jan Jernigan, Tina Kauh, Laura Kettel Khan, Deborah Young-Hyman
BACKGROUND: Although childhood obesity rates have been high in the last few decades, recent national reports indicate a stabilization of rates among some subpopulations of children. This study examines the implementation of initiatives, policies, and programs (referred to as strategies) in four communities that experienced declines in childhood obesity between 2003 and 2012. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Childhood Obesity Decline project verified obesity declines and identified strategies that may have influenced and supported the decline in obesity...
March 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565151/-protein-intake-serum-lipids-and-muscle-strenght-in-the-elderly
#13
Norma Amador-Licona, Evelin Valeria Moreno-Vargas, Claudia Martinez-Cordero
INTRODUCTION: The daily protein recommendation for adults is 0.8 g/kg/day; however, several studies argue that an intake of 1.0-1.5 g protein/kg/day could benefit the health of the elderly. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the protein intake and serum lipid levels in elderly patients with hip fracture, determining their correlation with the grip strength in both hands. METHODS: The study included 47 adult patients aged 65-85 years hospitalized for recent hip fracture...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538569/trends-and-association-of-bmi-between-sociodemographic-and-living-conditions-variables-in-the-brazilian-elderly-2002-03-2008-09
#14
Vladimir Schuindt da Silva, Israel Souza, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Aline Rodrigues Barbosa, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca
This study aimed to describe BMI's short-term trends and analyze the association between the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the sociodemographic variables and variables of family perception of the sufficiency and type of food consumed by Brazilian elderly of both sexes. The authors used data from the Household Budget Surveys (HBS) collected by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2002/03 and 2008/09. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased, whereas normal and low weight decreased...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530060/mechanisms-of-implementing-public-health-interventions-a-pooled-causal-mediation-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#15
Hopin Lee, Alix Hall, Nicole Nathan, Kathryn L Reilly, Kirsty Seward, Christopher M Williams, Serene Yoong, Meghan Finch, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that nations implement evidence-based nutritional guidelines and policies in settings such as schools and childcare services to improve public health nutrition. Understanding the causal mechanism by which implementation strategies exert their effects could enhance guideline implementation. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms by which implementation strategies improved schools and childcare services' adherence to nutrition guidelines...
March 12, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529865/elements-of-a-workplace-culture-of-health-perceived-organizational-support-for-health-and-lifestyle-risk
#16
Julianne Payne, Laurie Cluff, Jason Lang, Dyann Matson-Koffman, Antonio Morgan-Lopez
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of elements of a workplace culture of health (COH) on employees' perceptions of employer support for health and lifestyle risk. DESIGN: We used 2013 and 2015 survey data from the National Healthy Worksite Program, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-led initiative to help workplaces implement health-promoting interventions. SETTING: Forty-one employers completed the CDC Worksite Health Scorecard to document organizational changes...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523047/introducing-consumer-directed-care-in-residential-care-settings-for-older-people-in-australia-views-of-a-citizens-jury
#17
Kate Laver, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Megan Corlis, Julie Ratcliffe, Wendy Shulver, Maria Crotty
Objectives Health services worldwide are increasingly adopting consumer directed care approaches. Traditionally, consumer directed care models have been implemented in home care services and there is little guidance as to how to implement them in residential care. This study used a citizens' jury to elicit views of members of the public regarding consumer directed care in residential care. Methods A citizens' jury involving 12 members of the public was held over two days in July 2016, exploring the question: For people with dementia living in residential care facilities, how do we enable increased personal decision making to ensure that care is based on their needs and preferences? Jury members were recruited through a market research company and selected to be broadly representative of the general public...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521031/the-impact-of-junk-food-marketing-regulations-ona-food-sales-an-ecological-study
#18
REVIEW
Y Kovic, J K Noel, J A Ungemack, J A Burleson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of junk food broadcast marketing policies on nationwide junk food sales and identify policy characteristics effective in reducing sales. METHODS: Country policy data (n = 79) were categorized in a thorough literature review and analysed using a repeated measures design against data on food sales per capita. Study conducted in United States, 2017. RESULTS: Countries with junk food broadcast marketing policies saw a decrease in junk food sales per capita after implementation, while those without said policies saw an increase (p = 0...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518766/why-food-system-transformation-is-essential-and-how-nutrition-scientists-can-contribute
#19
Anna Lartey, Janice Meerman, Ramani Wijesinha-Bettoni
BACKGROUND: The International Union of Nutritional Sciences held its 21st International Congress of Nutrition in October 2017 in Buenos Aires, Argentina under the theme - From Sciences to Nutrition Security. In addition to multiple sessions on food systems and their links to diet, nutrition and health, the Congress closing lecture focused on the need to transform food systems so as to increase their capacity to provide healthy diets, making a call for greater involvement of nutrition scientists...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517184/nutrition-related-practices-in-kindergartens-in-the-context-of-changes-to-legal-regulations-on-foodstuffs-used-in-canteen-menus-for-children
#20
Joanna Myszkowska-Ryciak, Anna Harton
Background: In order to improve the quality of nutrition in care and educational institutions, in year 2015 a restrictive law regulation was introduced. The following year this regulation was withdrawn, and a new legal policy has been introduced. However, data on the impact of these legislations on nutrition in kindergartens are lacking. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the compliance with mandatory nutrition recommendations in preschools. Material and methods: The study included 706 institutions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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