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policy implementation nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814532/developmental-process-and-early-phases-of-implementation-for-the-us-interagency-committee-on-human-nutrition-research-national-nutrition-research-roadmap-2016-2021
#1
Sheila E Fleischhacker, Rachel M Ballard, Pamela E Starke-Reed, Deborah A Galuska, Marian L Neuhouser
The Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research (ICHNR) is charged with improving the planning, coordination, and communication among federal agencies engaged in nutrition research and with facilitating the development and updating of plans for federal research programs to meet current and future domestic and international needs for nutrition. The ICHNR is co-chaired by the USDA Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics and Chief Scientist and the US Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health and is made up of >10 departments and agencies...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814162/insights-on-the-intersection-of-health-equity-and-school-nutrition-policy-implementation-an-exploratory-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#2
Yuka Asada, Alejandro Hughes, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: Recent federal policies aimed to ensure that all children have equitable access to healthy school nutrition environments. However, historically, disparities have persisted in the quality of school nutrition environments across geographic and socioeconomic groups. There is limited literature addressing if and how recent efforts to reform the school nutrition environment have influenced such disparities. The main objective of this study was to explore stakeholders' insights on how school nutrition reform intersected with issues of inequity...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809812/the-healthy-eating-agenda-in-australia-is-salt-a-priority-for-manufacturers
#3
Rebecca Lindberg, Tyler Nichols, Chrystal Yam
Many nation states have endorsed and acted on the World Health Organization's target of a 30% reduction in global salt consumption by 2025. In Australia, new government-led voluntary measures were initiated in 2009, consisting of public-private partnerships, front-of-pack labelling, and food reformulation targets (which include reduced salt). How Australia's private sector has responded to this healthy eating agenda has been investigated in a limited way, particularly with regards to manufacturers which produce processed foods considered significant sources of sodium...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803565/evidence-informed-decision-making-for-nutrition-african-experiences-and-way-forward
#4
Richmond Aryeetey, Michelle Holdsworth, Christine Taljaard, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Esi Colecraft, Carl Lachat, Eunice Nago, Tesfaye Hailu, Patrick Kolsteren, Roos Verstraeten
Although substantial amount of nutrition research is conducted in Africa, the research agenda is mainly donor-driven. There is a clear need for a revised research agenda in Africa which is both driven by and responding to local priorities. The present paper summarises proceedings of a symposium on how evidence can guide decision makers towards context-appropriate priorities and decisions in nutrition. The paper focuses on lessons learnt from case studies by the Evidence Informed Decision Making in Nutrition and Health Network implemented between 2015 and 2016 in Benin, Ghana and South Africa...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799050/environmental-building-policy-by-the-use-of-microalgae-and-decreasing-of-risks-for-canadian-oil-sand-sector-development
#5
Armen B Avagyan
Environmental building recommendations aimed towards new environmental policies and management-changing decisions which as example demonstrated in consideration of the problems of Canadian oil sands operators. For the implementation of the circular economic strategy, we use an in-depth analysis of reported environmental after-consequence on all stages of the production process. The study addressed the promotion of innovative solutions for greenhouse gas emission, waste mitigation, and risk of falling in oil prices for operators of oil sands with creating market opportunities...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783757/improving-food-environments-and-tackling-obesity-a-realist-systematic-review-of-the-policy-success-of-regulatory-interventions-targeting-population-nutrition
#6
Jana Sisnowski, Jackie M Street, Tracy Merlin
BACKGROUND: This systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42015025276) employs a realist approach to investigate the effect of "real-world" policies targeting different aspects of the food environment that shape individual and collective nutrition. OBJECTIVES: We were interested in assessing intermediate outcomes along the assumed causal pathway to "policy success", in addition to the final outcome of changed consumption patterns. DATA SOURCES: We performed a search of 16 databases through October 2015, with no initial restriction by language...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764754/national-policies-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-in-the-workplace-context-a-behaviour-change-wheel-guided-content-analysis-of-policy-papers-in-finland
#7
Tuija Seppälä, Nelli Hankonen, Eveliina Korkiakangas, Johanna Ruusuvuori, Jaana Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Health policy papers disseminate recommendations and guidelines for the development and implementation of health promotion interventions. Such documents have rarely been investigated with regard to their assumed mechanisms of action for changing behaviour. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and Behaviour Change Techniques (BCT) Taxonomy have been used to code behaviour change intervention descriptions, but to our knowledge such "retrofitting" of policy papers has not previously been reported...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764669/determinants-of-childhood-stunting-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-further-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-2013-14
#8
Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano, Anne Hatløy
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determination and identify major factors contributing to the development of stunting. The aim of this study was to look for key determinants of stunting in the DRC. METHODS: This study used data from the DRC Demographic Health Survey 2013-14 which included anthropometric measurement for 9030 under 5 year children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757331/lifestyle-approaches-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a%C3%A2-systematic-multiple-case-analysis
#9
Henderika Annegien Steenbergen, Cees P Van der Schans, Ruud Van Wijck, Johan De Jong, Aly Waninge
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) carry out a range of interventions to support and improve a healthy lifestyle. However, it is difficult to implement an active and healthy lifestyle into daily support. The presence of numerous intervention components, multiple levels of influence, and the explicit use of theory are factors that are considered to be essential for implementation in practice. A comprehensive written lifestyle policy provides for sustainability of a lifestyle approach...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745262/food-advertising-on-argentinean-television-are-ultra-processed-foods-in-the-lead
#10
Lorena Allemandi, Luciana Castronuovo, M Victoria Tiscornia, Miguel Ponce, Veronica Schoj
OBJECTIVE: To describe the number of processed and ultra-processed food (PUPF) advertisements (ads) targeted to children on Argentinean television (TV), to analyse the advertising techniques used and the nutritional quality of the foods advertised, and to determine the potential exposure of children to unhealthy food advertising in our country. DESIGN: Five free-to-air channels and the three most popular children's cable networks were recorded from 07.00 to 22.00 hours for 6 weeks...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741908/research-capacity-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-latin-america-an-area-for-growth
#11
Diana C Parra, Susan Vorkoper, Harold W Kohl, Benjamin Caballero, Carolina Batis, Alejandra Jauregui, Jessica Mason, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: The rise of childhood obesity in Latin America calls for research capacity to understand, monitor and implement strategies, policies and programmes to address it. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess current research capacity in Latin America related to childhood obesity, nutrition and physical activity. METHODS: We conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles on childhood obesity in Latin America with at least one Latin American author from 2010 to May 2015...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734610/towards-integral-utilization-of-grape-pomace-from-winemaking-process-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Carolina Beres, Gislaine N S Costa, Ignacio Cabezudo, Nina K da Silva-James, Aline S C Teles, Ana P G Cruz, Caroline Mellinger-Silva, Renata V Tonon, Lourdes M C Cabral, Suely P Freitas
Grape is the main fruit crop in several countries. Although many grape-based food products can be found in the market, studies have shown that around 75% of the world grape production is destined for the wine industry. Grape pomace is an abundant by-product from the wine industry, which consists of the remaining skin, seeds and stalks and represents around 25% of total grape weight used in the winemaking process. In countries such as Italy, France and Spain, where wine production is more relevant, the annual grape pomace generation can reach nearly 1200 tonnes per year...
July 19, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730383/consensus-modeling-to-develop-the-farmers-market-readiness-assessment-and-decision-instrument
#13
Eunlye Lee, Jarrod Dalton, David Ngendahimana, Pat Bebo, Ashley Davis, Daniel Remley, Carol Smathers, Darcy A Freedman
Nutrition-related policy, system, and environmental (PSE) interventions such as farmers' markets have been recommended as effective strategies for promoting healthy diet for chronic disease prevention. Tools are needed to assess community readiness and capacity factors influencing successful farmers' market implementation among diverse practitioners in different community contexts. We describe a multiphase consensus modeling approach used to develop a diagnostic tool for assessing readiness and capacity to implement farmers' market interventions among public health and community nutrition practitioners working with low-income populations in diverse contexts...
July 20, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715989/use-and-effectiveness-of-behavioural-economics-in-interventions-for-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-policy-implications
#14
Oana M Blaga, Livia Vasilescu, Razvan M Chereches
AIM: There is limited evidence on what behavioural economics strategies are effective and can be used to inform non-communicable diseases (NCDs) public health policies designed to reduce overeating, excessive drinking, smoking, and physical inactivity. The aim of the review is to examine the evidence on the use and effectiveness of behavioural economics insights on reducing NCDs lifestyle risk factors. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and EconLit were searched for studies published between January 2002 and July 2016 and reporting empirical, non-pharmacological, interventional research focusing on reducing at least one NCDs lifestyle risk factor by employing a behavioural economics perspective...
July 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683464/long-term-health-impact-of-early-nutrition-the-power-of-programming
#15
Berthold Koletzko, Brigitte Brands, Veit Grote, Franca F Kirchberg, Christine Prell, Peter Rzehak, Olaf Uhl, Martina Weber
The Power of Programming conference 2016 at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich brought together about 600 researchers and other stakeholders from around the world who reviewed the recent evidence on the lasting health impact of environment and nutrition during early life, from pre-pregnancy to early childhood. The conference was hosted by the Early Nutrition Project, a multidisciplinary research collaboration funded by the European Commission with collaborating researchers from 35 institutions in 15 countries in Europe, the United States and Australia...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675137/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-bangladesh
#16
Sabrina Rasheed, Swapan Kumar Roy, Susmita Das, Syeda Nafisa Chowdhury, Mohammad Iqbal, Syeda Mahsina Akter, Khurshid Jahan, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices are essential for nutrition of infants and young children. Bangladesh has one of the highest levels of malnutrition globally along with sub-optimal IYCF practices. A supportive policy environment is essential to ensure that effective IYCF interventions are scaled up. The objectives of our study were to assess the support for IYCF in the national policy environment through policy analysis and stakeholder analysis and in so doing identify opportunities to strengthen the policy environment...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675136/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india
#17
Seema Puri, Sylvia Fernandez, Amrita Puranik, Deepika Anand, Abhay Gaidhane, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed, Archana Patel, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators in India have improved. However, poor IYCF practices are still apparent, associated with pervasive high rates of child under-nutrition. Interventions to improve IYCF need augmentation by appropriate policy support to consolidate gains. The aim of this study was to identify opportunities to strengthen and support IYCF policies through a policy content and stakeholder network analysis. METHODS: IYCF policies and guidelines were systematically mapped and coded using predetermined themes...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675135/opportunities-for-strengthening-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policies-in-south-asia-insights-from-the-saifrn-policy-analysis-project
#18
Anne Marie Thow, Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Sabrina Rasheed, S K Roy, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Archana Patel, Abhay Gaidhane, Seema Puri, Sanjeeva Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: South Asian countries experience some of the highest levels of child undernutrition in the world, strongly linked to poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Strong and responsive policy support is essential for effective interventions to improve IYCF. This study aimed to identify opportunities for strengthening the policy environment in the region to better support appropriate infant and young child feeding. METHODS: We mapped policies relevant to infant and young child feeding in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, based on a common matrix...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#19
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675133/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-nepal
#20
Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Despite concerted effort from government and partners, Nepal continues to have a high burden of under nutrition among children. Identifying opportunities to strengthen policy support for infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is a key component to improve child survival, growth and development. This study aims to explore policy support for IYCF and to identify the influential stakeholders for IYCF for effective future policy development and programmatic action. METHODS: Policies relevant to IYCF were identified through web searches and direct approaches to relevant government ministries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
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