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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036317/quality-of-local-school-wellness-policies-for-physical-activity-and-resultant-implementation-in-pennsylvania-schools
#1
E Francis, E Hivner, A Hoke, T Ricci, A Watach, J Kraschnewski
Background: In 2006, United States public schools participating in federal school meal programs were required to adopt school wellness policies. The effect of these policies on school nutrition environments is well documented; however, evaluation of physical activity policies has received less investigation. We aimed to evaluate how district wellness policies aligned to practice for physical activity implementation in 40 schools with high obesity rates (>24%). Methods: Wellness policies were evaluated using the validated Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032631/tools-to-improve-planning-implementation-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-complementary-feeding-programmes
#2
Juliawati Untoro, Rachel Childs, Indira Bose, Pattanee Winichagoon, Christiane Rudert, Andrew Hall, Saskia de Pee
Adequate nutrient intake is a prerequisite for achieving good nutrition status. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices are a main risk factor for stunting. The need for systematic and user-friendly tools to guide the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of dietary interventions for children aged 6-23 months has been recognized. This paper describes five tools, namely, ProPAN, Optifood, Cost of the Diet, Fill the Nutrient Gap, and Monitoring Results for Equity System that can be used in different combinations to improve situation analysis, planning, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation approaches for complementary feeding in a particular context...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032618/scaling-up-interventions-to-improve-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india-what-will-it-take
#3
Rasmi Avula, Vanessa M Oddo, Suneetha Kadiyala, Purnima Menon
We assessed India's readiness to deliver infant and young child feeding (IYCF) interventions by examining elements related to policy, implementation, financing, and evidence. We based our analysis on review of (a) nutrition policy guidance and program platforms, (b) published literature on interventions to improve IYCF in India, and (c) IYCF program models implemented between 2007 and 2012. We find that Indian policies are well aligned with global technical guidance on counselling interventions. However, guidelines for complementary food supplements (CFS) need to be reexamined...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025072/declining-exposures-to-lead-and-cadmium-contribute-to-explain-the-reduction-of-cardiovascular-mortality-in-the-us-population-1988-2004
#4
Adrian Ruiz-Hernandez, Ana Navas-Acien, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Ciprian M Crainiceanu, Josep Redon, Eliseo Guallar, Maria Tellez-Plaza
Background: Lead and cadmium exposures have markedly declined in the USA following the implementation of large-scale public health policies and could have contributed to the unexplained decline in cardiovascular mortality in US adults. We evaluated the potential contribution of lead and cadmium exposure reductions to explain decreasing cardiovascular mortality trends occurring in the USA from 1988-94 to 1999-2004. Methods: Prospective study in 15 421 adults ≥40 years old who had participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-94 or 1999-2004...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024002/boundary-spanning-actors-in-complex-adaptive-governance-systems-the-case-of-multisectoral-nutrition
#5
David Pelletier, Suzanne Gervais, Hajra Hafeez-Ur-Rehman, Dia Sanou, Jackson Tumwine
A growing literature highlights complexity of policy implementation and governance in global health and argues that the processes and outcomes of policies could be improved by explicitly taking this complexity into account. Yet there is a paucity of studies exploring how this can be achieved in everyday practice. This study documents the strategies, tactics, and challenges of boundary-spanning actors working in 4 Sub-Saharan Africa countries who supported the implementation of multisectoral nutrition as part of the African Nutrition Security Partnership in Burkina Faso, Mali, Ethiopia, and Uganda...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971849/cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-consumer-behavior-intervention-to-improve-healthy-food-purchases-from-online-canteens
#6
Tessa Delaney, Rebecca Wyse, Sze Lin Yoong, Rachel Sutherland, John Wiggers, Kylie Ball, Karen Campbell, Chris Rissel, Christophe Lecathelinais, Luke Wolfenden
Background: School canteens represent an opportune setting in which to deliver public health nutrition strategies because of their wide reach and frequent use by children. Online school-canteen ordering systems, where students order and pay for their lunch online, provide an avenue to improve healthy canteen purchases through the application of consumer-behavior strategies that have an impact on purchasing decisions.Objective: We assessed the efficacy of a consumer-behavior intervention implemented in an online school-canteen ordering system in reducing the energy, saturated fat, sugar, and sodium contents of primary student lunch orders...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971572/priority-interventions-to-improve-maternal-and-child-diets-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-south-asia
#7
William A Masters, Katherine Rosettie, Sarah Kranz, Sarah H Pedersen, Patrick Webb, Goodarz Danaei, Dariush Mozaffarian
Nutrition-sensitive interventions to improve overall diet quality are increasingly needed to improve maternal and child health. This study demonstrates feasibility of a structured process to leverage local expertise in formulating programmes tailored for current circumstances in South Asia and Africa. We assembled 41 stakeholders in 2 regional workshops and followed a prespecified protocol to elicit programme designs listing the human and other resources required, the intervention's mechanism for impact on diets, target foods and nutrients, target populations, and contact information for partners needed to implement the desired programme...
October 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969364/potential-impact-of-the-digestible-indispensable-amino-acid-score-as-a-measure-of-protein-quality-on-dietary-regulations-and-health
#8
Christopher P F Marinangeli, James D House
Regulatory frameworks for protein content claims in Canada and the United States are underpinned by the protein efficiency ratio and protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS), respectively, which are used to assess the protein quality of a given food. The digestible indispensable amino acid score (DIAAS) is a novel approach to measuring the protein quality of foods and is supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Methodological concerns about the PDCAAS are addressed by the DIAAS through introduction of the use of ileal amino acid digestibility coefficients and untruncated protein scores...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963720/minimising-food-waste-a-call-for-multidisciplinary-research
#9
M Carmen Alamar, Natalia Falagán, Emel Aktas, Leon A Terry
Food losses and waste has always been a significant global problem for mankind, and one which has become increasingly recognised as such by policy makers, food producers, processors, retailers, and consumers. It is however an emotive subject whereby the extent, accuracy, and resolution of available data on postharvest loss and waste is questionable such that key performance indicators on waste can be misinformed. The nature and extent of food waste differs amongst developed economies, economies in transition, and developing economies...
September 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963261/assessing-opportunities-to-enhance-comprehensive-health-promotion-and-wellness-programming-in-a-state-community-college-system
#10
Laura A Linnan, Gabriela Arandia, Carolyn Naseer, Jiang Li, Meg Pomerantz, Sandra J Diehl
BACKGROUND North Carolina has the third largest community college system in the nation and reaches residents in all 100 counties. Few studies have focused on the health of employees who work at these institutions. We assessed the current status of and interest in supporting health promotion efforts among North Carolina Community College System members.METHODS North Carolina Community College System presidents completed a brief 15-item survey assessing support for and interest in offering health promotion programs...
September 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960875/experiences-and-lessons-learned-for-planning-and-supply-of-micronutrient-powders-interventions
#11
Claudia Schauer, Nigel Sunley, Carrie Hubbell Melgarejo, Christina Nyhus Dhillon, Claudia Roca, Gustavo Tapia, Pragya Mathema, Shelley Walton, Ruth Situma, Stanley Zlotkin, Rolf Dw Klemm
Realistic planning for a nutrition intervention is a critical component of implementation, yet effective approaches have been poorly documented. Under the auspices of "The Micronutrient Powders Consultation: Lessons Learned for Operational Guidance," 3 working groups were formed to summarize experiences and lessons across countries regarding micronutrient powders (MNP) interventions for young children. This paper focuses on programmatic experiences in the planning stages of an MNP intervention, encompassing assessment, enabling environment and adaptation, as well as considerations for supply...
September 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942749/improving-nutrition-sensitivity-of-social-protection-programmes-in-ghana
#12
Amos K Laar, Richmond N O Aryeetey, Mary Mpereh, Francis B Zotor
Social protection (SP) has been demonstrated as an effective tool against poverty and severe hunger. In Ghana, SP interventions have been employed to address vulnerability to poverty since 1965. Nevertheless, its potential for enhancing nutrition has hardly been explored. To harness the cross-sectoral benefits of scaling up nutrition-sensitive actions in Ghana, the national development planning commission requested an assessment of nutrition linkages across existing SP policies and programmes. The present paper presents gaps and opportunities for improving nutrition-sensitivity of existing SP programming in Ghana...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#13
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902479/support-for-healthy-eating-at-schools-according-to-the-comprehensive-school-health-framework-evaluation-during-the-early-years-of-the-ontario-school-food-and-beverage-policy-implementation
#14
Taryn Orava, Steve Manske, Rhona Hanning
INTRODUCTION: Provincial, national and international public health agencies recognize the importance of school nutrition policies that help create healthful environments aligned with healthy eating recommendations for youth. School-wide support for healthy living within the pillars of the comprehensive school health (CSH) framework (social and physical environments; teaching and learning; healthy school policy; and partnerships and services) has been positively associated with fostering improvements to student health behaviours...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895220/consumers-response-to-an-on-shelf-nutrition-labelling-system-in-supermarkets-evidence-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#15
Erin Hobin, Bryan Bollinger, Jocelyn Sacco, Eli Liebman, Lana Vanderlee, Fei Zuo, Laura Rosella, Mary L'abbe, Heather Manson, David Hammond
Policy Points: On-shelf nutrition labelling systems in supermarkets, such as the Guiding Stars system, are intended to provide consumers with simple, standardized nutrition information to support more informed and healthier food choices. Policies that support the provision of simplified nutrition labelling systems may encourage consumers to make positive shifts in food-purchasing behaviors. The shifts in consumer food-purchasing patterns observed in our study after the introduction of the Guiding Stars system in supermarkets translated into measurable nutritional benefits, including more items purchased with slightly less trans fat and sugar and more fiber and omega-3 fatty acids...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876481/measuring-the-implementation-of-a-school-wellness-policy
#16
Anastasia Snelling, Sarah Irvine Belson, Erin Watts, Elizabeth Malloy, Hugo Van Dyke, Stephanie George, Sandra Schlicker, Nancy Brenowitz Katz
BACKGROUND: With the rise in childhood obesity, school policies related to nutrition and physical activity have been written and implemented. In this paper, we present a model to evaluate the degree to which state legislation for school health policies are implemented at the school level. METHODS: Using Washington, DC's Healthy Schools Act (HSA) and a self-report measure of the implementation of the HSA, we illustrate the process of developing a composite score that can be used to measure compliance with the provisions of the law...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851348/assessment-of-nutrition-and-physical-activity-environments-in-family-child-care-homes-modification-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-environment-and-policy-assessment-and-observation
#17
Amber E Vaughn, Stephanie Mazzucca, Regan Burney, Truls Østbye, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Alison Tovar, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Early care and education (ECE) settings play an important role in shaping the nutrition and physical activity habits of young children. Increasing research attention is being directed toward family child care homes (FCCHs) specifically. However, existing measures of child care nutrition and physical activity environments are limited in that they have been created for use with center-based programs and require modification for studies involving FCCHs. This paper describes the modification of the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation (EPAO) for use in FCCHs...
August 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844891/implementing-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-benchmarks-for-nutrition-education-for-children-child-care-providers-perspectives
#18
Dipti A Dev, Virginia Carraway-Stage, Daniel J Schober, Brent A McBride, Car Mun Kok, Samantha Ramsay
BACKGROUND: National childhood obesity prevention policies recommend that child-care providers educate young children about nutrition to improve their nutrition knowledge and eating habits. Yet, the provision of nutrition education (NE) to children in child-care settings is limited. OBJECTIVE: Using the 2011 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks for NE in child care as a guiding framework, researchers assessed child-care providers' perspectives regarding delivery of NE through books, posters, mealtime conversations, hands-on learning, and sensory exploration of foods to young children (aged 2 to 5 years)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838082/effect-of-school-wellness-policies-and-the-healthy-hunger-free-kids-act-on-food-consumption-behaviors-of-students-2006-2016-a-systematic-review
#19
Jennifer L Mansfield, Dennis A Savaiano
Federal regulation mandates that the US National School Lunch Program nutrition standards align with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. As students consume a substantial proportion of their nutrition during school lunch, increasing access to healthy foods is proposed to improve student dietary outcomes. The purpose of this review is to assess whether policy changes impacted food-consumption behaviors of students during periods when (1) school wellness policies were implemented (2006-2007); (2) the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act was passed (2010-2012); and (3) the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act was implemented (2012-present)...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814532/developmental-process-and-early-phases-of-implementation-for-the-us-interagency-committee-on-human-nutrition-research-national-nutrition-research-roadmap-2016-2021
#20
Sheila E Fleischhacker, Rachel M Ballard, Pamela E Starke-Reed, Deborah A Galuska, Marian L Neuhouser
The Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research (ICHNR) is charged with improving the planning, coordination, and communication among federal agencies engaged in nutrition research and with facilitating the development and updating of plans for federal research programs to meet current and future domestic and international needs for nutrition. The ICHNR is co-chaired by the USDA Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics and Chief Scientist and the US Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health and is made up of >10 departments and agencies...
October 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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