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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317472/psychological-health-of-caregivers-and-association-with-functional-status-of-stroke-patients
#1
Serda Em, Mehtap Bozkurt, Mehmet Caglayan, Figen Ceylan Cevik, Cemal Kaya, Pelin Oktayoglu, Kemal Nas
OBJECTIVE: Stroke does not only affect the physical state of patients but also the emotional state of their relatives, most effectively their caregivers. The study aims to examine the mood of caregivers experienced with care for patients with stroke who are highly dependent on the assistance and also to establish the relationship between the emotional state of caregivers and the severity of disability of the patients. METHODS: This study contained a total of 76 patients with sufficient cognitive functions and severe physical disabilities with hemiplegia caused by a cerebrovascular accident and their caregivers and 94 controls...
March 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294328/the-longitudinal-association-between-psychological-factors-and-health-care-use
#2
Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: Little attention has been given to psychological factors as correlates of health care use, which could be an important key to manage it. We analyzed the association of psychological factors with health care use. DATA SOURCES: Primary data were obtained from three follow-ups (2002, 2008, and 2011) of a large population-based study with participants aged 40+. STUDY DESIGN: Using a longitudinal observational study, we analyzed the psychological factors of negative and positive affect (affective well-being), life satisfaction (cognitive well-being), self-efficacy, loneliness, self-esteem, optimism, and flexible goal adjustment using fixed-effects regressions...
March 15, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259891/the-role-of-couples-attachment-styles-in-patients-adjustment-to-cancer
#3
Rossella De Luca, Patrizia Dorangricchia, Laura Salerno, Gianluca Lo Coco, Giuseppe Cicero
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how psychological variables and attachment styles can contribute to improve effective and functional adjustment to the disease and promote better psychological well-being. METHODS: A total of 176 participants (88 couples) took part in this research. One member of each couple attended surgery centers at the Oncology Department of the University Hospital of Palermo. Each participant had filled in 5 questionnaires assessing the variables couple relationships, quality of life, anxiety, depression, and psychosocial adjustment to illness...
March 4, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228453/impaired-health-status-psychological-distress-and-personality-in-women-and-men-with-nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-sex-and-gender-differences-the-twist-tweesteden-mild-stenosis-study
#4
Paula M C Mommersteeg, Lindy Arts, Wobbe Zijlstra, Jos W Widdershoven, Wilbert Aarnoudse, Johan Denollet
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD; wall irregularities, stenosis <60%), and women with NOCAD in particular, remain underinvestigated. We examined sex and gender (S&G) differences in health status, psychological distress, and personality between patients with NOCAD and the general population, as well as S&G differences within the NOCAD population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 523 patients with NOCAD (61±9 years, 52% women) were included via coronary angiography and computed tomography as part of the TWIST (Tweesteden Mild Stenosis) study...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205282/psychological-effects-of-relational-job-characteristics-validation-of-the-scale-for-hospital-nurses
#5
Alda Santos, Filipa Castanheira, Maria José Chambel, Michael Vieira Amarante, Carlos Costa
AIMS: This study validates the Portuguese version of the psychological effects of the relational job characteristics scale among hospital nurses in Portugal and Brazil. BACKGROUND: Increasing attention has been given to the social dimension of work, following the transition to a service economy. Nevertheless, and despite the unquestionable relational characteristics of nursing work, scarce research has been developed among nurses under a relational job design framework...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196993/personality-disorders-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-of-severe-acne-a-cross-sectional-study-from-eastern-india
#6
Sharmila Sarkar, Paramita Patra, Kakali Mridha, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Rajarshi Guha Thakurta
BACKGROUND: In many patients, emotional stress may exacerbate acne. Psychological problems such as social phobias, low self-esteem, or depression may also occur as a result of acne. The presence of acne may have some negative effect on the quality of life, self-esteem, and mood of the affected patients. While some studies have been undertaken about anxiety, depression, and personality patterns in patients with acne, only a few studies have been done to identify specific personality disorders in patients with acne...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190889/infertile-partners-coping-strategies-are-interrelated-implications-for-targeted-psychological-counseling
#7
L Volmer, S Rösner, B Toth, T Strowitzki, T Wischmann
Background Infertility patients often have high stress levels which, in some cases, represent a risk of developing depression or anxiety. The SCREENIVF questionnaire is a validated tool to evaluate such risks. Some coping strategies have been shown to be correlated with infertile couples' levels of stress. Determining which strategies are correlated with higher levels of risk for depression or anxiety could be useful to offer targeted psychological counseling to reduce the risk of depression or anxiety. Materials and Methods A total of 296 women and men who attended the Fertility Center at Heidelberg University Hospital completed the SCREENIVF questionnaire and the COMPI coping scales...
January 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168198/associations-of-occupational-stressors-perceived-organizational-support-and-psychological-capital-with-work-engagement-among-chinese-female-nurses
#8
Xiaoxi Wang, Li Liu, Futing Zou, Junhui Hao, Hui Wu
This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161702/the-course-and-impact-of-poststroke-insomnia-in-stroke-survivors-aged-18-to-65-years-results-from-the-psychosocial-outcomes-in-stroke-poise-study%C3%A2
#9
Nick Glozier, Tom J Moullaali, Børge Sivertsen, Dukyeon Kim, Gillian Mead, Stephen Jan, Qiang Li, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are common in the population and have negative psychosocial and functional sequelae. There are no prospective studies of the course of such symptoms and their impact, if any, in stroke survivors. This prospective cohort study investigated insomnia after stroke in working-age adults and evaluated its impact on psychological and functional outcomes over the subsequent year. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 441 young (<65 years) consecutive stroke survivors from 20 public hospitals in the New South Wales Stroke Service network...
February 3, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156635/randomized-trial-of-inpatient-palliative-care-in-patients-hospitalized-for-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hct
#10
Thomas William LeBlanc, Harry VanDusen, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Yi-Bin Albert Chen, Jennifer S Temel
103 Background: During HCT, patients experience physical and psychological symptoms that negatively impact their quality of life (QOL). We assessed the impact of an inpatient palliative care intervention on patient QOL, symptom burden, and mood during HCT hospitalization and at 3 months post-HCT. METHODS: We randomized 160 patients with hematologic malignancies admitted for autologous or allogeneic HCT to an inpatient palliative care intervention (n=81) integrated with transplant care compared to transplant care alone (n=79)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149062/effects-of-yogic-intervention-on-pain-scores-and-quality-of-life-in-females-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#11
Rahul Saxena, Manish Gupta, Nilima Shankar, Sandhya Jain, Arushi Saxena
CONTEXT: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition of women of the reproductive age group. It has a negative impact on a woman's personal health and quality of life (QOL). Practicing yoga has shown numerous benefits in various chronic painful conditions. AIM: To study the effects of yogic intervention on pain scores and quality of life in females of reproductive age group with CPP, on conventional therapy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It is a follow-up, randomized case-control study done in a tertiary care hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146459/smartphone-based-behavioural-intervention-alleviates-children-s-anxiety-during-anaesthesia-induction-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Débora O Cumino, Joaquim E Vieira, Luciana C Lima, Livia P Stievano, Raquel A P Silva, Ligia A S T Mathias
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety negatively influences children's anaesthetic and surgical experience, and results in postoperative complications, such as emergence delirium and behavioural changes. Nonpharmacological management using alternative therapies that alleviate psychological stress can be as important as pharmacological ones in reducing children's anxiety. Nevertheless, their validity as an effective anxiety-reducing strategy in children remains controversial. OBJECTIVE(S): To verify whether nonpharmacological strategies, that is, leaflet and distraction with smartphone application presented to parents/guardians and children, respectively, were effective in preventing children's anxiety during anaesthesia induction...
March 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141612/emergency-nurses-as-second-victims-of-error-a-qualitative-study
#13
Mehdi Ajri-Khameslou, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Fariba Borhani
There are many nurses who are victims of errors in the hospital environment. It is quite essential to perceive the outcome of mistakes in nurses' profession. The aim of this scientific study was to interpret the causes that place nurses in danger of errors in emergency departments and also the consequences resulting from confronting the errors in the job environment. This research was designed to pursue a qualitative approach following content analysis. Through the purposeful sampling, 18 emergency nurses were selected to participate in this study...
January 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104988/health-related-quality-of-life-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-patients-with-noncardiac-chest-pain-emphasis-on-the-role-of-psychological-distress
#14
Lei Zhang, Lei Tu, Jie Chen, Jun Song, Tao Bai, Xue-Lian Xiang, Rui-Yun Wang, Xiao-Hua Hou
AIM: To investigate the effects of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (QoL) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and those suffering from cardiac (CCP) and noncardiac (NCCP) chest pain in Wuhan, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 358 consecutive patients with GERD were enrolled in Wuhan, China, of which 176 subjects had complaints of chest pain. Those with chest pain underwent coronary angiography and were divided into a CCP group (52 cases) and NCCP group (124 cases)...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093852/factors-influencing-fatigue-among-mothers-with-hospitalized-children-a-structural-equation-model
#16
Shin Jeong Kim, Hye Young Kim, Young Ae Park, Sung Hee Kim, So Young Yoo, Jung Eun Lee, Sun Young Moon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the physiological, psychological, and situational factors affecting fatigue among mothers of hospitalized children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive design with a self-report questionnaire. Participants were 211 mothers with children younger than 6 years old who were admitted to general hospitals. Based on the theory of unpleasant symptoms, the physiological, psychological, and situational factors were tested using structural equation modeling...
January 16, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078117/effect-of-gender-on-psychosocial-adjustment-of-colorectal-cancer-survivors-with-ostomy
#17
Sital Gautam, Anju Poudel
BACKGROUND: Stoma can pose extensive challenges for colorectal cancer survivors. Identifying the psychological and social adjustment among them and how it differs by gender will aid in identifying those particularly at risk of having poor adjustment and in planning programs to improve their adjustment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of gender on psychosocial adjustment of colorectal cancer survivors with ostomy. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in the stoma clinic of B...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001210/social-support-network-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#18
Flávia Batista Portugal, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Celina Ragoni Correia, Daniel Almeida Gonçalves, Dinarte Ballester, Luis Fernando Tófoli, Jair de Jesus Mari, Linda Gask, Christopher Dowrick, Peter Bower, Sandra Fortes
The objective of this study was to identify the association between emotional distress and social support networks with quality of life in primary care patients. This was a cross-sectional study involving 1,466 patients in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2009/2010. The General Health Questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument were used. The Social Support Network Index classified patients with the highest and lowest index as socially integrated or isolated...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991602/perceptions-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-and-coping-predict-emotional-distress-during-the-acute-phase-after-transplantation
#19
Michael Baliousis, Michael Rennoldson, David L Dawson, Jayne Mills, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test whether a widely used model of adjustment to illness, the self-regulatory model, explains the patterns of distress during acute hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). According to the model, perceptions of HSCT, coping, and coping appraisals are associated with distress.
. DESIGN: Longitudinal, correlational.
. SETTING: The Centre for Clinical Haematology at Nottingham City Hospital and the Department of Haematology at Royal Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield, both in the United Kingdom...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981922/caregiver-burden-quality-of-life-and-vulnerability-towards-psychopathology-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Saima Dawood
OBJECTIVE: To identify caregivers' burden, evaluate quality of life in them; and predict anxiety and depression in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Neurology and Psychiatry Department of Lahore General Hospital (LGH), from January to December, 2013. METHODOLOGY: A purposive sample of 60 caregivers, who had been taking care of patients with AD for more than one year, were recruited from the study centre...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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