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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767218/management-of-emotionally-challenging-responses-of-hospitalized-patients-with-cancer
#1
Yelena Burklin, Daniel P Hunt
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and the majority of hospital admissions of patients with cancer occur because of uncontrolled, urgent symptoms. In addition to complex physical presentations, these patients often manifest a number of complex emotional and psychological responses resulting in a unique set of healthcare needs and expectations. Inpatient generalists or hospitalists frequently serve as the primary providers of medical care for these patients. Formal training for nononcologists on effective communication strategies in managing patients with cancer in a hospital setting may not fully prepare generalists for challenging patient encounters, however...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741462/complications-risk-factors-and-patients-reported-outcomes-after-skin-sparing-mastectomy-followed-by-breast-reconstruction-in-women-with-brca-mutations
#2
Ingvild O Moberg, Inger Schou Bredal, Michael R Schneider, Kim A Tønseth, Ellen Schlichting
BACKGROUND: Women with a BRCA mutation have the option of undergoing prophylactic mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction; however, the potential negative effects of reconstruction on women's physical and psychological well-being are unclear. This study aimed to investigate complications, patient-reported pain, health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) and satisfaction following reconstructive surgery at Oslo University Hospital between 2006 and 2013. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from the records of 238 patients...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715597/a-systematic-review-of-game-technologies-for-pediatric-patients
#3
REVIEW
Sandra Jurdi, Jorge Montaner, Fernando Garcia-Sanjuan, Javier Jaen, Vicente Nacher
Children in hospital are subjected to multiple negative stimuli that may hinder their development and social interactions. Although game technologies are thought to improve children's experience in hospital, there is a lack of information on how they can be used effectively. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on the existing approaches in this context to identify gaps for future research. A total of 1305 studies were identified, of which 75 were thoroughly analyzed according to our review protocol...
April 25, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706904/illness-perception-of-patients-with-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#4
Na-Na Xiong, Jing Wei, Mei-Yun Ke, Xia Hong, Tao Li, Li-Ming Zhu, Yue Sha, Jing Jiang, Felix Fischer
Objective: To investigate the illness perception characteristics of Chinese patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID), and the mediating role between symptoms, psychopathology, and clinical outcomes. Methods: Six illness groups from four outpatient departments of a general hospital in China were recruited, including the FGID patient group. The modified and validated Chinese version of the illness perception questionnaire-revised was utilized, which contained three sections: symptom identity, illness representation, and causes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607666/depression-and-anxiety-mediate-perceived-social-support-to-predict-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pregnant-women-living-with-hiv
#5
Wang Xiaowen, Guo Guangping, Zhou Ling, Zheng Jiarui, Liang Xiumin, Li Zhaoqin, Luo Hongzhuan, Yang Yuyan, Yang Liyuan, Lu Lin
Pregnant women living with HIV represent one of the most high-priority groups for HIV treatment and health assessment. Although social support has been shown to be a protective factor for improved health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and depression and anxiety have been identified as two major causes of psychological distress among people living with HIV, it is still unclear how social support, anxiety, and depression interact to influence HRQoL. The objective of our study was to demonstrate the nature of predictors, direct effects and mediator effects among social support, anxiety, depression symptoms and HRQoL in pregnant women living with HIV...
April 1, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604547/major-obstetric-hemorrhage-patients-perspective-on-the-quality-of-care
#6
Suzan M de Visser, Christian A Kirchner, Bianca G J van der Velden, Alexander C de Wit, Anneke Dijkman, Anjoke J M Huisjes, Johanna M Middeldorp, Desirée Moonen-Delarue, Jeroen van Dillen, Frank P H A Vandenbussche, Marlies E Hulscher, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Mallory D Woiski, Rosella P M G Hermens
OBJECTIVES: Major obstetric hemorrhage (MOH) is the leading cause of severe maternal morbidity and mortality, and can have a significant impact on a woman's life. This study aims to gain insight into the patients reported experiences (PREs) and outcomes (PROs) after a major obstetric hemorrhage, and to investigate which patients are most at risk for negative experiences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) based questionnaire was developed covering items on the PREs and PROs, and send to all patients with blood loss exceeding 2500 ml in six hospitals over the period of 2008-2012...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601485/biopsychosocial-assessment-of-pain-with-thermal-imaging-of-emotional-facial-expression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
David Alberto Rodríguez Medina, Benjamín Domínguez Trejo, Patricia Cortés Esteban, Irving Armando Cruz Albarrán, Luis Alberto Morales Hernández, Gerardo Leija Alva
Background : Recent research has evaluated psychological and biological characteristics associated with pain in survivors of breast cancer (BC). Few studies consider their relationship with inflammatory activity. Voluntary facial expressions modify the autonomic activity and this may be useful in the hospital environment for clinical biopsychosocial assessment of pain. Methods: This research compared a BC survivors group under integral treatment (Oncology, Psychology, Nutrition) with a control group to assess the intensity of pain, behavioral interference, anxiety, depression, temperament-expression, anger control, social isolation, emotional regulation, and alexithymia and inflammatory activity, with salivary interleukin 6 (IL-6)...
March 30, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572619/the-effect-of-cognitive-emotional-training-on-post-traumatic-growth-in-women-with-breast-cancer-in-middle-east
#8
Parvaneh Hamidian, Nasrin Rezaee, Mansour Shakiba, Ali Navidian
Overcoming distresses and negative consequences of serious crises such as cancers can lead to perception of positive changes in the patients. It is necessary to design and test the psychological interventions that can improve post-traumatic growth. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of cognitive-emotional training on post-traumatic growth in women with breast cancer referred to the department of chemotherapy. This is a quasi-experimental study and it was performed on 85 patients with breast cancer who referred to an educational hospital in southeastern of Iran in 2017...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563832/the-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-on-chronic-pain-outcomes-in-chronic-pain-patients-referred-to-rehabilitation
#9
Sophie Lykkegaard Ravn, Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Thomas Cardel, Tonny Elmose Andersen
Objectives: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are highly prevalent in chronic pain patients and may affect pain symptomatology negatively, but there is still a great need to explore exactly how this occurs. Therefore, this study investigated differences in pain intensity, pain-related disability, and psychological distress between chronic pain patients not exposed to a trauma, patients exposed to a trauma with no PTSS, and patients exposed to a trauma with PTSS. Moreover, the moderating effects of PTSS on the associations between pain intensity and pain-related disability and psychological distress were investigated...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561181/effects-of-night-shift-on-the-cognitive-load-of-physicians-and-urinary-steroid-hormone-profiles-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#10
Wolf Osterode, Sandra Schranz, Galateja Jordakieva
Mental and physical stress is common in physicians during night shifts. Neurocognitive effects of sleep deprivation as well as alterations in hormonal and metabolic parameters have previously been described. The aim of this crossover study was to evaluate the effects of night-shift work with partial sleep deprivation on steroid hormone excretion and possible associations with mood, sleep characteristics and cognitive functions in physicians. In total, 34 physicians (mean age 42 ± 8.5 years, 76.5% male) from different departments of the General Hospital of Vienna, Austria, were randomly assigned to two conditions: a regular day shift (8 h on duty, condition 1) and a continuous day-night shift (24 h on duty, condition 2)...
March 21, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551174/pain-experiences-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#11
Ozgul Erol, Serap Unsar, Lale Yacan, Meryem Pelin, Seda Kurt, Bülent Erdogan
PURPOSE: Uncontrolled pain, especially in patients with advanced cancer, affects quality of life negatively and causes negative physical and psychological conditions. The aim of this study was to explore the pain experiences of patients with advanced cancer and how they manage with pain, and to present a view of pain management approaches of nurses from the perspectives of the patients. METHODS: This was a qualitative descriptive study of sixteen hospitalized patients with advanced cancer...
April 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544580/cognitive-processes-of-cancer-patients-a-major-threat-to-patients-quality-of-life
#12
Dania Javaid, Rubina Hanif, Tasnim Rehna
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of intrusive and deliberate rumination on the quality of life of cancer patients. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional design. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: PIMS and NORI Hospital between July to September 2016. METHODOLOGY: A sample of 100 cancer patients participated in the study. The patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were given a written consent form. Event related Rumination Inventory and WHO Quality of Life-Bref scale was used for data collection...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535652/mental-health-nurse-s-exposure-to-workplace-violence-leads-to-job-stress-which-leads-to-reduced-professional-quality-of-life
#13
Michal Itzhaki, Irit Bluvstein, Anat Peles Bortz, Hava Kostistky, Dor Bar Noy, Vivian Filshtinsky, Miriam Theilla
Professional quality of life (ProQOL) reflects how individuals feel about their work as helpers. Psychiatric ward nurses cope with significant psychological and physical challenges, including exposure to verbal and physical violence. This study was based on two aspects of ProQOL, the positive compassion satisfaction, and the negative compassion fatigue, with the aim of investigating the relation of ProQOL to job stress and violence exposure at a large mental health center. Data were collected from 114 mental health nurses (49/63 M/F) who completed a self-administered questionnaire examining violence exposure, ProQOL, and job stress...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521513/considerations-for-the-cost-effective-management-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#14
Steven L Flamm
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication commonly associated with liver disease, namely cirrhosis. The inability of the liver to metabolize ammonia results in a buildup of ammonia, which can cross the blood-brain barrier and cause significant neurocognitive impairment. Up to 80% of patients with cirrhosis will experience HE and a large proportion of these patients are at high risk of recurrent HE. There are several factors to consider when developing a cost-effective approach to managing HE, such as patient compliance, the adverse event (AE) profile of drug therapy, efficacy of drug therapy, and relative cost-benefits of drug therapy...
March 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516963/relationship-between-resilience-social-support-as-well-as-anxiety-depression-of-lung-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#15
Tingjie Hu, Jian Xiao, Juan Peng, Xiao Kuang, Bixiu He
Objective: The mood of patients with lung carcinoma would be greatly influenced by the diagnosing and treating processes. This study was aimed to explore the effects of resilience between social assistance and anxiety/depression of patients with lung cancer, which may assist in clinical intervention. Design and Methods: A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted on lung cancer patients at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, China. A total of 289 patients aged 25-81 years were included in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495173/-effect-of-workplace-bullying-on-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-nursing-staff
#16
Y Q Sun, Y X Ge, Z W Ke, Y Y Li, Q X Jin, Y F Lu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between workplace bullying and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in nursing staff, and to analyze the role of psychological capital between workplace bullying and PTSD. Methods: From December 2014 to June 2015, convenience sampling was used to collect 496 nurses from 5 grade A tertiary hospitals in a province of China. Their workplace bullying, psychological capital, and PTSD status were assessed using the Negative Acts Questionnaire, Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Self-Rating Scale, respectively...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485788/psychosocial-determinants-of-satisfaction-with-hospital-care-in-adult-patients-suffering-from-advanced-cancer
#17
Maja Miljanović, Joško Sindik, Vibor Milunović, Vesna Kralj Škoc, Marijana Braš, Veljko Đorđević, Jadranka Pavić, Lucijano Jakšić
In this observational study, direct and indirect (moderator and mediator) relationships between sociodemographic (age, gender, life partner, education level, income and length of treatment) and psychological (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS) variables and satisfaction with hospital care (EORTC INPATSAT32) in adult (advanced cancer) patients were investigated. Study sample consisted of 75 hospitalized advanced cancer patients recruited at the Zagreb University Hospital Centre and Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Centre in 2015...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478015/prevalence-causes-and-mental-health-impact-of-workplace-bullying-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-environment
#18
Ilias Chatziioannidis, Francesca Giuseppina Bascialla, Panagiota Chatzivalsama, Fotios Vouzas, Georgios Mitsiakos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence, to report barriers and mental health impact of bullying behaviours and to analyse whether psychological support at work could affect victims of bullying in the healthcare workplace. DESIGN: Self-administered questionnaire survey. SETTING: 20 in total neonatal intensive care units in 17 hospitals in Greece. PARTICIPANTS: 398 healthcare professionals (doctors, nurses)...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457844/effect-of-type-d-personality-on-smoking-status-and-their-combined-impact-on-outcome-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#19
Egidio Imbalzano, Marco Vatrano, Sebastiano Quartuccio, Roberto Ceravolo, Vincenzo Antonio Ciconte, Paola Rotella, Renato Pardeo, Giovanni Trapani, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Rossella Costantino, Antonino Saitta, Giuseppe Mandraffino
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation is correlated with several psychological, social, biological, and pharmacological aspects. The combined tendency to experience negative emotions and to inhibit the expression of these emotions is indicated as "type D personality," an independent risk marker for clinical outcome in cardiac disease. Despite this effect of type D personality on cardiovascular disease, it is still unclear whether this personality trait may influence smoking cessation after a myocardial infarction...
March 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454465/fatigue-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-problems-in-hospital-nurses
#20
Ahmad Bazazan, Iman Dianat, Zohreh Mombeini, Aydin Aynehchi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships among quality of life (QoL), mental health problems and fatigue among hospital nurses, and to test whether fatigue and its multiple dimensions would mediate the effect of QoL on mental health problems. Data were collected using questionnaires (including the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF [WHOQOL-BREF], General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-12] and Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory [MFI-20] for evaluation of QoL, mental health problems and fatigue, respectively) from 990 Iranian hospital nurses, and analysed by generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM)...
February 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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