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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720670/symptom-clusters-and-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-copd
#1
Kyeung Eun Lim, Sung Reul Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, So Ri Kim
BACKGROUND: COPD is one of the most common respiratory diseases. Patients with COPD experience and suffer from various physical and psychological symptoms. We performed this study to identify symptom clusters and the effects on quality of life (QOL) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 130 COPD subjects were recruited from a university hospital in South Korea. Dyspnea, fatigue, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, dry mouth, and physical functional status were assessed with structured questionnaires...
July 18, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651586/development-of-a-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-for-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-patients-and-survivors-oncoactive
#3
R H J Golsteijn, C Bolman, E Volders, D A Peels, H de Vries, L Lechner
BACKGROUND: Cancer and cancer treatment coincide with substantial negative physical, psychological and psychosocial problems. Physical activity (PA) can positively affect the negative effects of cancer and cancer treatment and thereby increase quality of life in CPS. Nevertheless, only a minority of CPS meet PA guidelines. We developed the OncoActive (OncoActief in Dutch) intervention: a computer-tailored PA program to stimulate PA in prostate and colorectal CPS, because to our knowledge there are only a few PA interventions for these specific cancer types in the Netherlands METHODS: The OncoActive intervention was developed through systematic adaptation of a proven effective, evidence-based, computer-tailored PA intervention for adults over fifty, called Active Plus...
June 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638192/treatment-effect-of-antipsychotics-in-combination-with-horticultural-therapy-on-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#4
Shunhong Zhu, Hengjing Wan, Zhide Lu, Huiping Wu, Qun Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qian, Chenyu Ye
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment method for schizophrenia, horticultural therapy is gaining more attention. However, there is as of now little research investigating this topic as well as a general lack of studies adopting into standard treatment plans. AIMS: Investigate treatment effect of horticultural therapy on patients with schizophrenia and its possibility of standardized application in psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: 110 patients with schizophrenia who met the inclusion criteria and provided informed consent were selected from the rehabilitation ward of the Minhang District Mental Health Center from September 2015 to December 2015...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630515/emotional-intelligence-and-its-effect-on-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-with-autistic-like-traits
#5
Yuji Higuchi, Masatoshi Inagaki, Toshihiro Koyama, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo, Maiko Fujimori, Hitomi Kataoka, Chinatsu Hayashibara, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
Objective. To measure whether Emotional intelligence (EI) would minimize the negative association between autistic-like traits (ALT) and empathic behavior and enhance the positive association between ALT and psychological distress. Methods. Our sample population included 823 hospital pharmacists belonging to a district society, and 378 pharmacy students. Analyses were performed to examine relationships between scores on the Emotional Intelligence Scale (EQS), Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE), and General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ)...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624676/predictors-of-daily-life-suicidal-ideation-in-adults-recently-discharged-after-a-serious-suicide-attempt-a-pilot-study
#6
Mathilde Husky, Joel Swendsen, Adela Ionita, Isabelle Jaussent, Catherine Genty, Philippe Courtet
The aims of the study are to examine the predictive role of fluctuations in daily life mood, social contexts, and behavior on subsequent suicidal ideation (SI); and to identify clinical and psychological factors associated with the general frequency of SI in a high-risk sample. The sample comprised 42 adults (73.8% female) hospitalized for a suicide attempt. Immediately following hospital discharge, they used Ecological Momentary Assessment for seven consecutive days, providing repeated measures of SI, environmental, contextual, and behavioral factors...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593462/moderators-of-the-effects-of-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-in-cancer-survivors-on-personal-meaning-psychological-well-being-and-distress
#7
Karen Holtmaat, Nadia van der Spek, Birgit I Witte, William Breitbart, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
PURPOSE: There is evidence to support that meaning-centered group psychotherapy for cancer survivors (MCGP-CS) is an effective intervention for improving personal meaning and psychological well-being, as well as reducing psychological distress. In order to investigate which subpopulations MCGP-CS specifically benefits, this explorative study aims to analyze potential sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors that may moderate the effects. METHODS: Cancer survivors (N = 114) were randomly assigned to MCGP-CS, or care as usual (CAU)...
June 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592922/development-and-evaluation-of-a-modified-brief-assertiveness-training-for-nurses-in-the-workplace-a-single-group-feasibility-study
#8
Yohei Nakamura, Naoki Yoshinaga, Hiroki Tanoue, Sayaka Kato, Sayoko Nakamura, Keiko Aoishi, Yuko Shiraishi
BACKGROUND: Effective communication has a great impact on nurses' job satisfaction, team relationships, as well as patient care/safety. Previous studies have highlighted the various beneficial effects of enhancing communication through assertiveness training programs for nurses. However, most programs take a long time to implement; thus, briefer programs are urgently required for universal on-the-job-training in the workplace. The purpose of this feasibility study was to develop and evaluate a modified brief assertiveness training program (with cognitive techniques) for nurses in the workplace...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573442/intensity-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-in-relation-to-quality-of-life
#9
Jacek Polański, Mariusz Chabowski, Anna Chudiak, Bartosz Uchmanowicz, Dariusz Janczak, Joanna Rosińczuk, Grzegorz Mazur
Psychological factors, such as the anxiety and depression, which often occur in patients with lung cancer might negatively influence their quality of life. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression in lung cancer patients on quality of life. The study included 180 lung patients of the mean age of 62.7 ± 9.7 years. The following scales were employed in the study: Quality of Life Questionnaire QLQ-C30 and LC13 scale, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). The overall score of quality of life measured by QLQ-C30 was 47...
June 2, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514505/the-trajectory-of-experience-of-critical-care-nurses-in-providing-end-of-life-care-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#10
Keh Kiong Ong, Kit Cheng Ting, Yeow Leng Chow
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To understand the perceptions of critical care nurses towards providing end-of-life care. BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing interest in end-of-life care in the critical care setting. In Singapore, approximately half of deaths in the hospital occur during or after critical care. While nurses are well-positioned to provide end-of-life care to patients and their family members, they faced barriers to providing end-of-life care. Also, providing end-of-life care has profound positive and negative psychological effects on nurses, with the latter being more prominent...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503647/quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-adult-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-in-pakistan
#11
Parveen Chagani, Yasmin Parpio, Raisa Gul, Adnan A Jabbar
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Likewise, in Pakistan, it is a major health problem, with an approximate increase each year. Cancer treatment, particularly chemotherapy, produces a detrimental effect on individuals' well-being. Since the past few years, quality of life (QOL) is considered as the primary goal of cancer treatment in patients' survival. This study aimed to assess the QOL and its determinants in adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#12
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485628/body-composition-and-psychological-improvement-in-healthy-premenopausal-women-assuming-the-oral-contraceptive-containing-micronized-estradiol-e2-and-nomegestrol-acetate-nomac
#13
Manuela Neri, Maria Elena Malune, Valentina Corda, Bruno Piras, Pierina Zedda, Monica Pilloni, Maria Paola Orani, Valerio Vallerino, Gian Benedetto Melis, Anna Maria Paoletti
This observational study was conducted in healthy premenopausal women, who presented themselves for contraceptive advice at the outpatient Family Planning Clinics of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Cagliari, Hospital-University of Cagliari (Italy). After a screening period of three menstrual cycles, 48 women without contraindications to estroprogestin contraceptives (OCs) were included in the study. The primary purposes of the study were to evaluate whether a 12-month-treatment with the combined OC containing micronized estradiol (1...
May 9, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482063/physical-pain-and-emotion-regulation-as-the-main-predictive-factors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-women-living-with-endometriosis
#14
Gabriella Márki, Attila Bokor, János Rigó, Adrien Rigó
STUDY QUESTION: To what extent are pain symptoms, psychological variables (anxiety, depression and distress) and emotion regulation associated with women's health in endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Physical pain symptoms and emotion regulation difficulties via psychological stress negatively affect the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of women living with endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There are some missing links in the definitive treatment and recovery from endometriosis...
May 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437310/neurobiological-consequences-of-early-painful-experience-basic-science-findings-and-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#15
Erin E Young, Amy DʼAgata, Dorothy Vittner, Kyle M Baumbauer
As healthcare teams have worked to improve infant survival rates, the management of painful events experienced by these hospitalized neonates has increased and yet pain management remains highly variable between healthcare institutions. At the same time, emerging evidence suggests that these early painful experiences may alter the trajectory of development for pain-processing pathways both peripherally and centrally. This concise review highlights findings from both the basic and clinical science literature supporting the hypothesis that early painful experiences can have long-lasting negative effects on biological, psychological, and socioemotional functions...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417134/predictors-and-moderators-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-investigation-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-resilience-in-individuals-with-chronic-pain
#16
July Lies, Shi Ting Lau, Lester E Jones, Mark P Jensen, Gabriel Tan
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety sensitivity has been proposed as a psychological vulnerability factor for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have also supported the protective role of resilience for overcoming the negative effects of trauma exposure. Given the linkages between anxiety sensitivity, resilience, trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress, this study explored the potential moderating roles of anxiety sensitivity and resilience on the association between trauma history and PTSD symptoms in a sample of individuals with chronic pain...
March 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404594/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-dysregulations-a-cohort-study
#17
Charlotte De Bucy, Laurence Guignat, Tanya Niati, Jerome Bertherat, Joel Coste
OBJECTIVE: Health-related quality of life (HrQoL) is increasingly considered to be an important outcome of care for hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of type of HPA axis dysregulation and cortisol status on HrQOL and its evolution with time and treatment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Between September 2007 and April 2014, HrQoL questionnaires were administered during routine management to all patients with HPA axis dysregulation hospitalized in a single department and this was repeated after 6- 12-, 24- and 36-month during standard follow-up...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403079/toward-a-mediation-model-for-nurses-well-being-and-psychological-distress-effects-of-quality-of-leadership-and-social-support-at-work
#18
Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Regina H Mulder, Christoph König, Veronika Anselmann
Given the lack of active nurses in industrialized countries throughout the world, in combination with demographic changes, it is of utmost importance to protect nurses' well-being and to prevent psychological distress, because of their strong association with premature occupational leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quality of leadership and social support at work on well-being and psychological distress of nurses and to determine whether nurses' overcommitment mediates the relationship between the abovementioned determinants and the outcomes...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385096/psychological-distress-perceived-burden-and-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-persons-with-schizophrenia
#19
Selwyn Stanley, Sujeetha Balakrishnan, S Ilangovan
BACKGROUND: Caregiving in schizophrenia is a demanding and exhausting activity that challenges the physical and emotional resources of family caregivers. In traditional societies such as India, this is further compounded by illiteracy, ignorance and religious and cultural explanations attributed to mental illness. AIMS: This study aimed to assess primary caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in terms of their perceived burden, manifestation of psychological distress and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369209/effects-of-cognition-function-and-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-on-medicare-expenditures-and-health-care-utilization-for-persons-with-dementia
#20
Eric Jutkowitz, Robert L Kane, Bryan Dowd, Joseph E Gaugler, Richard F MacLehose, Karen M Kuntz
Background: Clinical features of dementia (cognition, function, and behavioral/psychological symptoms [BPSD]) may differentially affect Medicare expenditures/health care utilization. Methods: We linked cross-sectional data from the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study to Medicare data to evaluate the association between dementia clinical features among those with dementia and Medicare expenditures/health care utilization (n = 234). Cognition was evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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