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negative psychological effects of hospitalization

Kim Tran, Chaim Bell, Nathan Stall, George Tomlinson, Allison McGeer, Andrew Morris, Michael Gardam, Howard B Abrams
BACKGROUND: Isolation precautions have negative effects on patient safety, psychological well-being, and healthcare worker contact. However, it is not known whether isolation precautions affect certain hospital-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of isolation precautions on hospital-related outcomes and cost of care. DESIGN: Retrospective, propensity-score matched cohort study of inpatients admitted to general internal medicine (GIM) services at three academic hospitals in Toronto, Ontario, Canada between January 2010 and December 2012...
October 17, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
A Bion, T Cascales, S Dubedout, N Bodeau, J P Olives, J P Raynaud
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the study of early feeding disorders (FD) has steadily increased during recent decades. During this period, research described the importance of the transactional relationships and the complex interplay between caregiver and child over time. On the basis of the previous studies, our study tried to explore the associations between the characteristics of the parents and the temperamental characteristics of the infants with early FD. GOALS: A first aim of the present study was to show if parental perception of child temperament (including ability for arousal self-regulation) and parental characteristics (emotional and eating attitudes) are associated with early FD...
October 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
D Brandenbarg, C Roorda, F Groenhof, G H de Bock, M Y Berger, A J Berendsen
The rising number of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors is likely to impose a burden on healthcare systems. Effective resource allocation between primary and hospital care to ensure ongoing high-quality care is under discussion. Therefore, it is important to understand the current role of GPs during follow-up care of CRC. This study explores the primary healthcare use of patients 2-6 years after CRC treatment. Annual rates of face-to-face contacts, prescribed medication and referrals were compared between CRC patients and age, gender and GP matched controls in a historical prospective study...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Slavica Arsova
AIM: To prevent and to treat nasal trauma in children properly, because it can lead to displacement or depression of the nasal bones or septum. Second, our aim was, for the patient to recognise and create a mature decision for eventual nose changes which will be made with the operative intervention or they are not mature enough and the decisions were made by their parents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was made at University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje in the period of 6 years (2005-2016)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Paola Ferri, Matteo Guadi, Luigi Marcheselli, Sara Balduzzi, Daniela Magnani, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Shift work is considered necessary to ensure continuity of care in hospitals and residential facilities. In particular, the night shift is one of the most frequent reasons for the disruption of circadian rhythms, causing significant alterations of sleep and biological functions that can affect physical and psychological well-being and negatively impact work performance. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to highlight if shift work with nights, as compared with day work only, is associated with risk factors predisposing nurses to poorer health conditions and lower job satisfaction...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Mohammed Hamid Osman, Sainyugu Lolokote, Xiaofeng Li
PURPOSE: To assess the caregiving burden and its associated factors among Eritrean families of persons living with schizophrenia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for 146 caregivers with their respective known patients with schizophrenia of Saint Mary's Neuropsychiatric National Referral Hospital (SMNNRH). Data were collected using Pai and Kapur's Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and self-prepared sociodemographic sheet...
2016: BMJ Open
Gillian G W Adams, Hayley McBain, Kelly MacKenzie, Joanne Hancox, Daniel G Ezra, Stanton P Newman
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, which has been estimated to occur in 4% of the adult population, can have a negative psychosocial effect on an individual's quality of life. While correction of strabismus may improve quality of life, this is not always the case, even if realignment surgery is clinically successful. Surgeons need to understand patients' expectations of postsurgical outcomes and the impact surgery has on their psychosocial well-being. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of 220 adult patients undergoing strabismus surgery at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust...
September 17, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Mohammad Reza Abarghouei, Mohammad Hossein Sorbi, Mehdi Abarghouei, Reza Bidaki, Shirin Yazdanpoor
INTRODUCTION: Job stress has become one of the main factors in reducing efficiency and the loss of human resources that may cause physical and psychological adverse effects in employees. Hospital personnel are facing different stressful events, such as birth, pain and death, in a single day. Hence, identifying the job stress rates and related factors may be effective in offering proper strategies. Therefore, the present research was done to study the rate of job stress and burnout in hospital personnel and compare some of the related factors in hospitals personnel of Yazd, Iran...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Srikant Devaraj, Pankaj C Patel
Although variation in-patient outcomes based on hospitals' geographic location has been studied, altitude of hospitals above sea level may also affect patient outcomes. Possibly, because of negative physical and psychological effects of altitude on hospital employees, hospital efficiency may decline at higher altitudes. Greater focus on hospital efficiency, despite decreasing efficiency at higher altitudes, could increase demands on hospital employees and further deteriorate patient outcomes. Using data envelopment analysis on a sample of 840 hospital-year observations representing 95,504 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the United States, and controlling for patient, hospital, and county characteristics and controlling for hospital, state, and year fixed effects, we find support for the negative association between hospital altitude and efficiency; for 1 percentage point increase in efficiency and every 1,000 feet increase in altitude above the sea level, the mortality of patients with AMI increases by 0...
September 13, 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Ka Yan Ho, William H C Li, Joyce Oi Kwan Chung, Katherine Ka Wai Lam, Sophia S C Chan, Wei Xia
BACKGROUND: Despite compelling evidence demonstrating the negative impact of poverty and income disparity on children's psychological well-being, there has been a lack of qualitative information which addresses its contributing factors. This study aimed to shed light on this area by comparing the experiences toward daily life between children living in low- and high-income families. METHODS: A qualitative study using a phenomenological approach was conducted from May 2012 to January 2013...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
B Guilley-Lerondeau, C Bourigault, A-C Guille des Buttes, G Birgand, D Lepelletier
Isolation precautions in patients with multi-drug resistant bacteria or other communicable infectious agents can be associated with adverse effects. The aim of this study was to assess satisfaction and psychological impact of patients hospitalized with isolation precautions in comparison with controls. An observational prospective cohort study was performed in five different medical and surgical departments in a 3,000-bed university hospital in Western France between March and July 2012. Different scales were used to assess patient satisfaction (qualitative scale) and anxiety (Spielberger scale), including 30 patients with isolation precautions and 60 matched patients without isolation precautions over 45-hour interviews...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Timothy Onosahwo Iyendo
BACKGROUND: Sound in hospital space has traditionally been considered in negative terms as both intrusive and unwanted, and based mainly on sound levels. However, sound level is only one aspect of the soundscape. There is strong evidence that exploring the positive aspect of sound in a hospital context can evoke positive feelings in both patients and nurses. Music psychology studies have also shown that music intervention in health care can have a positive effect on patient's emotions and recuperating processes...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Mehrdad Estiri, Abbas Nargesian, Farinaz Dastpish, Seyed Mahdi Sharifi
BACKGROUND: The role of nurses in providing high quality healthcare to patients is so important that creating a desirable working environment to enhance their overall performance is unavoidable. This paper aimed to explore the impact of psychological capital on mental health by investigating the mediating effects of job burnout on this relationship. METHODS AND MATERIAL: The data used in this research was obtained via a survey conducted among selected Iranian nurses in public hospitals...
2016: SpringerPlus
Hacer Sezgin, Cicek Hocaoglu, Emine Seda Guvendag-Guven
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a major life crisis which can lead to the development of psychiatric symptoms and negative effects on the quality of life of affected couples, but the magnitude of the effects may vary depending on cultural expectations. AIM: We compare the level of psychiatric symptoms, disability, and quality of life in fertile and infertile women in urban Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 100 married women being treated for infertility at the outpatient department of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Rize Education and Research Hospital and a control group of 100 fertile married women...
April 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Nerina L Jimmieson, Michelle K Tucker, Alexandra J Walsh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Simultaneous exposure to time, cognitive, and emotional demands is a feature of the work environment for healthcare workers, yet effects of these common stressors in combination are not well-established. DESIGN: Survey data were collected from 125 hospital employees (Sample 1, Study 1), 93 ambulance service employees (Sample 2, Study 1), and 380 aged care/disability workers (Study 2). METHODS: Hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted...
August 30, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Hironobu Inoguchi, Ken Shimizu, Haruki Shimoda, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Tatsuo Akechi, Megumi Uchida, Asao Ogawa, Daisuke Fujisawa, Shinichiro Inoue, Yosuke Uchitomi
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for supportive care in cancer patients have recommended routine psychological screening in clinical practice, and a Japanese national project has recommended screening for depression using the Distress and Impact Thermometer. However, a previous study advocating the validity of the Distress and Impact Thermometer may have overestimated its effectiveness, as the study included already-treated patients who were not screening targets. This study re-evaluated the performance and usefulness of the Distress and Impact Thermometer using an adequate sample size and appropriate study design...
August 27, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Alberto Dionigi, Carla Canestrari
Within the past decade, there has been a surge of interest in investigating the effects of clown intervention in a large variety of clinical settings. Many studies have focused on the effects of clown intervention on children. However, few studies have investigated clowning effects on adults. This paper presents an overview of the concept of medical clowning followed by a literature review conducted on the empirical studies drawn from three data bases (PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar), with the aim of mapping and discussing the evidence of clowning effects on non-children, namely adults...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
Andrea Petriwskyj, Deborah Parker, Siobhan O'Dwyer, Wendy Moyle, Nikki Nucifora
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that family caregivers of people with dementia have higher rates of depression, anxiety and hopelessness, as well as higher levels of burden, stress and distress. Not all caregivers, however, succumb to the negative effects of caring. Caregivers who are able to recover from, resist or adapt to the physical and psychological demands of caring can be considered "resilient". OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to examine the existing evidence regarding interventions for building resilience in family caregivers of people living with dementia...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Asahngwa Tanywe, Chelea Matchawe, Ritin Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a global public health problem affecting people of all ages, sex, races, nations and social class. The majority of the 50 million people with epilepsy live in developing countries, with a prevalence rate of five to 10 people per 1000. The disease poses an enormous psychological, social and economic burden on patients. An estimated 90% of people with epilepsy in developing countries do not receive treatment due to sociocultural, economic and political factors. Current treatment interventions are limited to the clinical management of the disease and are largely driven by the healthcare provider's perspective, ignoring the experiences of people living with epilepsy (PLWE)...
May 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Michiyo Ando
BACKGROUND: Since moral distress affects psychological aspects of psychiatric nurses, it is an important theme. Previous studies showed relationships between moral distress and job satisfaction; however, there are few studies which investigate relationships between moral distress and other effective variables and then we highlighted relationships among these variables. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) examine relationships among moral distress, sense of coherence, mental health, and job satisfaction and (2) clarify the most predictive variable to job satisfaction...
August 16, 2016: Nursing Ethics
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