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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457844/effect-of-type-d-personality-on-smoking-status-and-their-combined-impact-on-outcome-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Egidio Imbalzano, Marco Vatrano, Sebastiano Quartuccio, Roberto Ceravolo, Vincenzo Antonio Ciconte, Paola Rotella, Renato Pardeo, Giovanni Trapani, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Rossella Costantino, Antonino Saitta, Giuseppe Mandraffino
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation is correlated with several psychological, social, biological, and pharmacological aspects. The combined tendency to experience negative emotions and to inhibit the expression of these emotions is indicated as "type D personality," an independent risk marker for clinical outcome in cardiac disease. Despite this effect of type D personality on cardiovascular disease, it is still unclear whether this personality trait may influence smoking cessation after a myocardial infarction...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457439/-antero-medial-incision-of-knee-joint-for-the-treatment-of-intercondylar-fracture-of-femur
#2
Zi-Fei Yin, Bin-Feng Sun, Xiao-Hai Yang, Qing Wang, Ping-Kang Qian, Xiao-Feng Wu, Feng Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of antero-medial incision of knee joint in treating intercondylar fracture of femur. METHODS: From September 2012 to March 2015, 24 patients with intercondylar fracture of femur were selected, including 17 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 65 years old with an average of(38.3±9.5) years old. Among them, 12 cases were caused by traffic accident, 8 cases were caused by falling injury and 4 cases were caused by falling down...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456681/analysis-of-related-factors-of-surgical-treatment-effect-on-215-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer
#3
Qiong Zhang, Ying Xiong, Ling Lin, Kun Yuan
This study investigated the factors affecting the surgical treatment effect on patients with laryngeal cancer. The clinical data (including the sex, age, smoking index, drinking, primary tumor site, tumor (T) stage, lymph nodes (N) stage, tumor differentiation degree, tumor diameter, surgical method, lymph node metastasis and cervical lymph node dissection) of 215 patients with laryngeal cancer in The Central Hospital of Wuhan were analyzed retrospectively; the survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method; log-rank test was used for single-factor analysis, while Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multiple-factor analysis...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456378/utilization-and-impact-of-electronic-and-print-media-on-the-patients-health-status-physicians-perspectives
#4
Sadia Shakeel, Shagufta Nesar, Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Hafiza Fouzia Ahmed, Mehwish Rizvi, Shazia Jamshed
Aims: Despite an increased popularity of print and electronic media applications, there is a paucity of data reflecting doctors' opinions regarding efficient utilization of these resources for the betterment of public health. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the perception of physicians toward the effect of electronic and print media on the health status of patients. Setting and Design: The current research is a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2015 to July 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454906/risk-factors-for-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections-consequences-of-inappropriate-initial-antimicrobial-therapy-a-systematic-literature-review-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Sanjay Merchant, Emma M Proudfoot, Hafsa N Quadri, Heather J McElroy, William R Wright, Ankur Gupta, Eric M Sarpong
Treating infections of Gram-negative pathogens, in particular Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is a challenge for clinicians in the Asia-Pacific region due to inherent and acquired resistance to antimicrobials. This systematic review and meta-analysis provides updated information of the risk factors for P. aeruginosa infections in Asia-Pacific, and consequences (e.g., mortality, costs) of initial inappropriate antimicrobial therapy (IIAT). EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched for Asia-Pacific studies reporting the consequences of IIAT versus initial appropriate antimicrobial therapy (IAAT) in Gram-negative infections, and risk factors for serious P...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454465/fatigue-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-problems-in-hospital-nurses
#6
Ahmad Bazazan, Iman Dianat, Zohreh Mombeini, Aydin Aynehchi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships among quality of life (QoL), mental health problems and fatigue among hospital nurses, and to test whether fatigue and its multiple dimensions would mediate the effect of QoL on mental health problems. Data were collected using questionnaires (including the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF [WHOQOL-BREF], General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-12] and Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory [MFI-20] for evaluation of QoL, mental health problems and fatigue, respectively) from 990 Iranian hospital nurses, and analysed by generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM)...
February 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454342/social-support-for-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-in-a-public-university-hospital
#7
Clerison Stelvio Garcia, Agnaldo Soares Lima, Ehideé Isabel Gómez La-Rotta, Ilka de Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin
BACKGROUND: Several diseases may lead to the need for liver transplantation due to progressive organ damage until the onset of cirrhosis, resulting in changes in interpersonal relationships. Social Support for transplant candidates is an important variable, providing them with psychological and social well-being. This study aims to assess social support in chronic hepatic patients, waiting for liver transplantation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 119 patients, for convenience sampling, from the liver transplant waiting list at a Brazilian University Hospital Outpatients...
February 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454222/obesity-dyslipidemia-and-brain-age-in-first-episode-psychosis
#8
Marian Kolenic, Katja Franke, Jaroslav Hlinka, Martin Matejka, Jana Capkova, Zdenka Pausova, Rudolf Uher, Martin Alda, Filip Spaniel, Tomas Hajek
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and dyslipidemia may negatively affect brain health and are frequent medical comorbidities of schizophrenia and related disorders. Despite the high burden of metabolic disorders, little is known about their effects on brain structure in psychosis. We investigated, whether obesity or dyslipidemia contributed to brain alterations in first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: 120 participants with FEP, who were undergoing their first psychiatric hospitalization, had <24 months of untreated psychosis and were 18-35 years old and 114 controls within the same age range participated in the study...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450523/effect-of-the-pulmonary-embolism-rule-out-criteria-on-subsequent-thromboembolic-events-among-low-risk-emergency-department-patients-the-proper-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Yonathan Freund, Marine Cachanado, Adeline Aubry, Charlotte Orsini, Pierre-Alexis Raynal, Anne-Laure Féral-Pierssens, Sandrine Charpentier, Florence Dumas, Nacera Baarir, Jennifer Truchot, Thibaut Desmettre, Karim Tazarourte, Sebastien Beaune, Agathe Leleu, Mehdi Khellaf, Mathias Wargon, Ben Bloom, Alexandra Rousseau, Tabassome Simon, Bruno Riou
Importance: The safety of the pulmonary embolism rule-out criteria (PERC), an 8-item block of clinical criteria aimed at ruling out pulmonary embolism (PE), has not been assessed in a randomized clinical trial. Objective: To prospectively validate the safety of a PERC-based strategy to rule out PE. Design, Setting, and Patients: A crossover cluster-randomized clinical noninferiority trial in 14 emergency departments in France. Patients with a low gestalt clinical probability of PE were included from August 2015 to September 2016, and followed up until December 2016...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448311/enhancing-decision-making-about-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-early-breast-cancer-following-endopredict-testing
#10
Lesley Fallowfield, Lucy Matthews, Shirley May, Valerie Jenkins, David Bloomfield
Chemotherapy side-effects can be substantial. There is increasing recognition that some oestrogen receptor positive (ER+ve), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-ve) patients with breast cancer derive no benefit from chemotherapy and experience only iatrogenic harm. Gene expression profiling tests help refine recurrence risk and likely chemotherapy benefit. EndoPredict® is one such test, which classifies risks of distant recurrence as low or high in patients treated with surgery and adjuvant endocrine therapy alone...
February 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445909/the-relationship-among-preconception-depression-anxiety-and-social-support-of-the-reproductive-aged-women-in-china
#11
Jihong Xu, Ping Chen, Xu Ma
The reproductive-aged women have to face physiological and psychological challenges as long as they plan to conceive. However, most previous studies focused on depression and anxiety during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate the association among preconception depression, anxiety, and social support of the Chinese reproductive-aged women. Nine-hundred five reproductive-aged women who planned to conceive for the first or second time in the next three months were recruited through the Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from three provinces in China...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445631/effects-of-negative-emotions-and-life-events-on-women-s-missed-miscarriage
#12
Huilin Xing, Yaping Luo, Shouying Wang
Background: To investigate the effects of negative emotions and life events on women's missed miscarriage. Methods: Overall, 214 women diagnosed with a missed miscarriage by prenatal examination from 2016-2017 in Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen, China were selected as the observation group compared to 214 women as control group. The general data of the patients were investigated by self-programmed questionnaires. Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Center Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; Life Events Scale for Pregnant Women were used conduct the study...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444749/microbiological-diagnosis-of-adult-tuberculous-meningitis-in-a-ten-year-cohort-in-indonesia
#13
Lidya Chaidir, Jessi Annisa, Sofiati Dian, Ida Parwati, Arlisa Alisjahbana, Feby Purnama, Adri van der Zanden, Ahmad Rizal Ganiem, Reinout van Crevel
We evaluated microbiological diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) meningitis in a referral hospital in Indonesia. Over a ten-year period, we examined cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of 1180 adult meningitis suspects. Sensitivity of different methods was compared, and results were stratified for HIV status, disease severity, and CSF volume. TB meningitis was bacteriologically confirmed in 501 patients. Using clinical diagnosis as reference standard (n = 713), sensitivity of different methods was 12.2% (86/703) for microscopy, 42% (73/174) for Xpert MTB/RIF, 46...
January 9, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444555/significant-effect-of-anti-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-gefitinib-on-overall-survival-of-the-glioblastoma-gbm-patients-in-the-backdrop-of-mutational-status-of-egfr-and-pten-genes
#14
Sajad H Arif, Arshad A Pandith, Rehana Tabasum, Altaf U Ramzan, Sarabjeet Singh, Mushtaq A Siddiqi, Abdul R Bhat
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to assess the effect of antityrosine kinase inhibitors (Geftinib) in overall survival of the GBM patients in the backdrop of mutational status of EGFR and PTEN genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the patients subjected to resection or biopsies were put on Geftinib and radiotherapy was delivered as per the hospital protocol. EGFR and PTEN mutational spectrum was performed by SSCP followed by DNA sequencing. RESULTS: In total, 50% GBM tumors had mutation either in EGFR or PTEN...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443783/giant-gist-of-the-stomach-a-successful-case-of-safe-resection-with-preoperative-simulation-using-three-dimensional-ct-angiography-case-report
#15
Kentaro Matsuo, Masaya Inoue, Yasutsugu Shirai, Tatsuki Kataoka, Shuji Kagota, Kohei Taniguchi, Sang-Woong Lee, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
RATIONALE: We report a very rare case of safely resectable giant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) angiography in spite of no neoadjuvant treatment. PATIENT'S CONCERN: A 71-year-old woman presented to our hospital with an abdominal giant tumor. As this giant tumor could not be accurately diagnosed by preoperative investigation, we had to perform her surgical treatment without neoadjuvant treatment...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443751/a-case-report-of-rectal-schwannoma-treated-with-laparoscopic-proctectomy
#16
Kai Zhang, Shanshan Qu, Junan Li, Ye Cheng, Jian Shi, Tongjun Liu
RATIONALE: Schwannomas of gastrointestinal tracts are rare and difficult to detect preoperatively because of negative results of endoscopic and imaging examinations. Here, we reported a case of rectal schwannoma, which was diagnosed by immunohistochemical staining after laparoscopic protectomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old woman complained of a 1-month history of difficulty in defecation and irregularly abdominal discomfort during her physical checkup in our hospital...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442341/the-influence-of-hospitalisation-on-the-initiation-continuation-and-discontinuation-of-benzodiazepines-and-z-drugs-an-observational-study
#17
Thomas Grimmsmann, Markus Harden, Thomas Fiß, Wolfgang Himmel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hospitalisation influences drug therapy in ambulatory care and this influence is generally negatively perceived. The few studies that have explored changes in benzodiazepine or sleep medication use as a function of hospitalisation failed to precisely determine the hospital's role in initiating, continuing and discontinuing these drugs on a valid basis. The aim of the study was to ascertain the overall influence of hospitalisation on the prescription of benzodiazepines and Z-drugs in outpatient care with a special focus on the role of different hospital departments and drug classes...
February 14, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441191/studying-the-effects-of-primary-arthroplasty-on-post-treatment-results-among-elderly-patients-with-pertrochanteric-fracture
#18
Mostafa Shahrezaee, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpour, Mohammad Banasiri, Seyyed Reza Sharifzadeh
Various therapeutic methods are available to treat patients with intertrochantric fracture, which is usually caused by falling down. This complication is usually observed among the elderly, particularly old women. The choice of the proper therapeutic method depends on many factors including patient's condition, type of fracture, and the amount of movement. Hip arthroplasty is one of these therapeutic methods, which have certain advantages and disadvantages. Immediate resumption of walking with the ability of weight toleration and absence of complications such as aseptic necrosis are some advantages of this method...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440143/exploring-the-lived-experience-and-chronic-low-back-pain-beliefs-of-english-speaking-punjabi-and-white-british-people-a-qualitative-study-within-the-nhs
#19
Gurpreet Singh, Christopher Newton, Kieran O'Sullivan, Andrew Soundy, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: Disabling chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with negative beliefs and behaviours, which are influenced by culture, religion and interactions with healthcare practitioners (HCPs). In the UK, HCPs encounter people from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, with South Asian Indians (including Punjabis) forming the largest ethnic minority group. Better understanding of the beliefs and experiences of ethnic minorities with CLBP might inform effective management...
February 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440141/how-can-positive-and-negative-trainer-feedback-in-the-operating-theatre-impact-a-surgical-trainee-s-confidence-and-well-being-a-qualitative-study-in-the-north-of-england
#20
Dariush Kamali, Jan Illing
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perception of positive feedback (PF) and negative feedback (NF) provided by trainers in the operating theatre on surgical trainees' confidence and well-being. DESIGN: Narrative interview study. SETTING: Twelve hospitals that form part of one deanery within the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Maximum variation sampling of 15 higher general surgical trainees provided insight into how PF and NF from trainers in the operating theatre affect confidence and well-being...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Open
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