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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052273/the-relationship-of-interpersonal-sensitivity-and-depression-among-patients-with-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-the-mediating-role-of-coping-styles
#1
Xia Zhao, Menglian Wu, Dan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Yang Yang, Hui Xie, Yonggang Su, Jihui Jia, Shuhong Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to investigate the prevalence of depression and the relationship among interpersonal sensitivity, coping styles and depression in patients with Chronic Atrophic Gastritis (CAG), and explore the mediating role of coping styles between interpersonal sensitivity and depression. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 101 patients diagnosed with CAG aged 33 to 83 years. All the participants were surveyed face to face and given the informed consent...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051138/effectiveness-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue-compared-to-an-active-control-condition-results-of-the-fitter-na-kanker-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Fieke Z Bruggeman-Everts, Marije D J Wolvers, Rens van de Schoot, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, Marije L Van der Lee
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of all patients who have been successfully treated for cancer suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). Effective and easily accessible interventions are needed for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The current paper reports on the results of a 3-armed randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical effectiveness of two different guided Web-based interventions for reducing CCRF compared to an active control condition...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051109/spontaneous-intrauterine-depressed-skull-fractures-report-of-two-cases-requiring-neurosurgical-intervention-and-literature-review
#3
Anand Veeravagu, Tej D Azad, Bowen Jiang, Michael S B Edwards
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intrauterine depressed skull fractures (IDSF) are rare fractures that often require neurosurgical evaluation and therapy. The majority of reported congenital depressions are secondary to maternal abdominal trauma or instrumentation during delivery. Spontaneous IDSF occur in the setting of uneventful normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (NSVD) or cesarean section, without obvious predisposing risk factors. The etiology and optimal management of spontaneous IDSF remain controversial...
October 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051092/a-study-on-the-targeted-surveillance-of-nosocomial-infection-in-intensive-care-units-of-177-hospitals-in-jiangsu-province-of-china
#4
Yang Li, Xiao-Li Cao, Hai Ge, Yi-Hong Jiang, Hong Zhou, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections (NIs) impact care and costs in hospitals across the globe. There are minimal data on targeted surveillance of NI in intensive care units (ICUs), and data specific to the risk factors for NI are especially limited. METHODS: One hundred seventy-seven secondary and tertiary hospitals performed NI targeted surveillance in their ICUs. The data were collected and summarized by Minke software, then fed back once per quarter. RESULTS: The incidence of NI appeared to decrease, and the incidence of NI per 1000 patient-days and adjusted incidence were 25...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050560/the-pcsk9-ldl-receptor-axis-and%C3%A2-outcomes-in-heart-failure-biostat-chf-subanalysis
#5
Antoni Bayes-Genis, Julio Núñez, Faiez Zannad, João Pedro Ferreira, Stefan D Anker, John G Cleland, Kenneth Dickstein, Gerasimos Filippatos, Chim C Lang, Leong L Ng, Piotr Ponikowski, Nilesh J Samani, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Marco Metra, Josep Lupón, Adriaan A Voors
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) binds low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), preventing its recycling. PCSK9 is a risk predictor and a biotarget in atherosclerosis progression. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the PCSK9-LDLR axis could predict risk in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: The BIOSTAT-CHF (Biology Study to Tailored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure) is a multicenter, multinational, prospective, observational study that included patients with worsening HF signs and/or symptoms...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050353/combined-efficacy-of-c-reactive-protein-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-prognosis-of-patients-with-culture-negative-infective-endocarditis
#6
Xue-Biao Wei, Yuan-Hui Liu, Peng-Cheng He, Ying-Ling Zhou, Ning Tan, Ji-Yan Chen, Dan-Qing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the combined effect of C-reactive protein (CRP) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) on the prediction of in-hospital and long-term poor outcomes in patients with blood culture-negative infective endocarditis (BCNE). RESULTS: Patients with high CRP and high RDW has the highest incidence of in-hospital death (2.3% vs. 7.8% vs. 5.6% vs. 17.5%, P < 0.001). CRP > 17.8 mg/L (odds ratio [OR]=2.41, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-5...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049752/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-living-donor-and-cadaveric-lung-transplantations
#7
Keiji Ohata, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Koji Takahashi, Akihiro Aoyama, Hideki Motoyama, Kyoko Hijiya, Masatsugu Hamaji, Toshi Menju, Toshihiko Sato, Makoto Sonobe, Shunji Takakura, Hiroshi Date
Objectives: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection remains a major cause of morbidity after lung transplantation. Some studies have reported prognostic factors for the postoperative development of CMV infection in cadaveric lung transplantation (CLT), but no research has been performed in living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT). Therefore, we analysed the possible risk factors of post-transplant CMV infection and the differences between LDLLT and CLT. Methods: The development of CMV disease and viraemia in 110 patients undergoing lung transplantation at Kyoto University Hospital in 2008-2015 were retrospectively assessed...
August 7, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049356/treatment-satisfaction-with-injectable-disease-modifying-therapies-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-the-stick-study
#8
Oscar Fernández, Eduardo Duran, Teresa Ayuso, Luis Hernández, Inmaculada Bonaventura, Mireia Forner
BACKGROUND: Treatment satisfaction in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) may impact adherence and thus clinical outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the satisfaction of patients with RRMS with injectable disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) and to evaluate the factors associated with treatment satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this observational retrospective study conducted in the neurology departments of 35 hospitals throughout Spain, demographic data, disease characteristics, and information on treatment with injectable DMTs were collected at a single scheduled visit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049283/the-impact-of-muscle-relaxation-techniques-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients-as-measured-by-the-fact-g-questionnaire
#9
Paula Parás-Bravo, Paloma Salvadores-Fuentes, Cristina Alonso-Blanco, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibañez-Margüello, Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Ester Boixadera-Planas, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer frequently suffer from emotional distress, characterized by psychological symptoms such as anxiety or depression. The presence of psychological symptoms combined with the complex nature of oncology processes can negatively impact patients' quality of life. We aimed to determine the impact of a relaxation protocol on improving quality of life in a sample of oncological patients treated in the Spanish National Public Health System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter interventional study without a control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046783/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characteristics-of-esbl-and-ampc-producing-organisms-associated-with-bacteraemia-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#10
Nguyen Phu Huong Lan, Nguyen Huu Hien, Tu Le Thi Phuong, Duy Pham Thanh, Nga Tran Vu Thieu, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Ha Thanh Tuyen, Phat Voong Vinh, Matthew J Ellington, Guy E Thwaites, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Stephen Baker, Christine J Boinett
BACKGROUND: Broad-spectrum antimicrobials are commonly used as empirical therapy for infections of presumed bacterial origin. Increasing resistance to these antimicrobial agents has prompted the need for alternative therapies and more effective surveillance. Better surveillance leads to more informed and improved delivery of therapeutic interventions, potentially leading to better treatment outcomes. METHODS: We screened 1017 Gram negative bacteria (excluding Pseudomonas spp...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046215/prospective-surveillance-of-device-associated-health-care-associated-infection-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#11
Shilpee Kumar, Poornima Sen, Rajni Gaind, Pardeep Kumar Verma, Poonam Gupta, Prem Rose Suri, Sunita Nagpal, Anil Kumar Rai
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of health care-associated infections (HAIs) plays a key role in the hospital infection control program and reduction of HAIs. In India, most of the surveillance of HAIs is reported from private sector hospitals that do not depict the situation of government sector hospitals. Other studies do not confirm with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance criterion, or deal with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) instead of ventilator-associated event (VAE)...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046077/cost-effectiveness-of-routine-imaging-of-suspected-appendicitis
#12
N D'Souza, M Marsden, S Bottomley, N Nagarajah, F Scutt, S Toh
Introduction The misdiagnosis of appendicitis and consequent removal of a normal appendix occurs in one in five patients in the UK. On the contrary, in healthcare systems with routine cross-sectional imaging of suspected appendicitis, the negative appendicectomy rate is around 5%. If we could reduce the rate in the UK to similar numbers, would this be cost effective? This study aimed to calculate the financial impact of negative appendicectomy at the Queen Alexandra Hospital and to explore whether a policy of routine imaging of such patients could reduce hospital costs...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045740/adding-vancomycin-to-perioperative-prophylaxis-decreases-deep-sternal-wound-infections-in-high-risk-cardiac-surgery-patients
#13
Sylvia Reineke, Thierry P Carrel, Verena Eigenmann, Brigitta Gahl, Urs Fuehrer, Christian Seidl, David Reineke, Eva Roost, Magi Bächli, Jonas Marschall, Lars Englberger
OBJECTIVES: Perioperative prophylaxis with cephalosporins reduces sternal wound infections (SWIs) after cardiac surgery. However, more than 50% of coagulase-negative staphylococci, an important pathogen, are cephalosporin resistant. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of adjunctive vancomycin on SWIs in high-risk patients. METHODS: We conducted a pre- and postintervention study in an academic hospital. Preintervention (2010-2011), all patients received prophylaxis with 1...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044006/clinical-efficacy-of-cryotherapy-combined-with-interferon-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-cervicitis-complicated-with-hpv-infection
#14
Yuehui Su, Mengzhen Zhang, Weiwei Zhang, Huirong Shi
This paper aims to investigate the clinical curative effect and adverse reactions of cryotherapy combined with interferon in the treatment of chronic cervicitis complicated with HPV infection. 100 cases diagnosed with chronic cervicitis complicated with HPV infection from August 2014 to August 2015 in our hospital were selected and randomly divided into observation group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases). The preoperative and postoperative HPV-DNA changes were observed, and the vaginal discharge, time of decrustation and hemostasis, HPV negative conversion ratio and clinical efficacy were compared, to record the adverse reactions during treatment...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043990/tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-procalcitonin-level-variations-in-the-serum-and-their-effects-on-organ-function-in-patients-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis-during-infected-stage
#15
Yanping Zhu
To investigate the changes of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and procalcitonin (PCT) in the serum and their effects on organ function in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) during infected stage, aiming to provide a reference to individual treatment. 32 patients with SAP during infected stage admitted to the Digestive Department of The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from April 2014 to May 2015 and also 30 volunteer normal people were recruited in this study. And 26 patients detected with positive pathogenic bacteria were grouped into group A and another 6 patients with negative pathogenic bacteria into group B and 30 normal people into group C...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042906/low-mood-in-a-sample-of-5-12-year-old-child-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Katri Maasalo, Jaana Wessman, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. The study sample was a subsample of all 1251 patients attending a child psychiatric outpatient clinic at Helsinki University Hospital in 2013-2015 formed by excluding 4 year-old and 13 year-old patients and those with missing or incomplete data...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042178/patterns-of-influenza-vaccination-coverage-in-the-united-states-from-2009-to-2015
#17
Alice P Y Chiu, Jonathan Dushoff, Duo Yu, Daihai He
BACKGROUND: Globally, influenza is a major cause of morbidity, hospitalization and mortality. Influenza vaccination has shown substantial protective effectiveness in the United States. METHODS: We investigated state-level patterns of coverage rates of seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination, among the overall population (six months or older) in the U.S. and specifically among children (aged between 6 months and 17 years) and the elderly (aged 65 years or older), from 2009/10 to 2014/15, and associations with ecological factors...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041797/geographical-distribution-and-profile-of-medical-doctors-in-public-sector-hospitals-of-the-limpopo-province-south-africa
#18
Samuel T Ntuli, Edwin Maboya
BACKGROUND: The shortage and unequal distribution of medical doctors in low- and middle-income countries continues to be a public health concern. OBJECTIVE: To establish the geographical distribution and demographic profile of medical doctors in public sector hospitals of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. METHOD: The PERSAL system was used to obtain information on the number of medical doctors employed in public sector hospitals of the Limpopo Province...
September 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039283/effects-of-between-person-differences-and-within-person-changes-in-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-older-age-cognitive-performance
#19
E J Laukka, D Dykiert, M Allerhand, J M Starr, I J Deary
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are both important correlates of cognitive function. However, longitudinal studies investigating how they covary with cognition within the same individual are scarce. We aimed to simultaneously estimate associations of between-person differences and within-person variability in anxiety and depression with cognitive performance in a sample of non-demented older people. METHODS: Participants in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 study, a population-based narrow-age sample (mean age at wave 1 = 79 years, n = 535), were examined on five occasions across 13 years...
October 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039166/-detection-of-cell-free-fetal-dna-in-maternal-plasma-for-noninvasive-prenatal-screening-of-fetal-chromosomal-aneuploidies-in-women-of-advanced-maternal-age
#20
Hui Zhu, Zhengyou Miao, Yeqing Qian, Hongge Li, Jinglei Jin, Jing He, Minyue Dong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of cell-free fetal DNA detection as a non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) method for women of advanced maternal age. METHODS: A total of 10 584 women of advanced maternal age who received NIPS were recruited from the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Jiaxing Maternal and Child Health Hospital during February 2015 and September 2016. The pregnancy outcome was followed-up. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of fetal chromosomal aneuploidy detected in NIPS were analyzed...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
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