keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scaling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724281/the-virtual-asthma-guideline-e-learning-program-learning-effectiveness-and-user-satisfaction
#1
Sung-Yoon Kang, Sae-Hoon Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Young-Koo Jee, Hee-Bom Moon, Kyung-Up Min, Sang-Heon Cho
Background/Aims: Effective educational tools are important for increasing adherence to asthma guidelines and clinical improvement of asthma patients. We developed a computer-based interactive education program for asthma guideline named the Virtual Learning Center for Asthma Management (VLCAM). We evaluated the usefulness of program in terms of its effects on user awareness of asthma guideline and level of satisfaction. Methods: Physicians-in-training at tertiary hospitals in Korea were enrolled in a cross-sectional questionnaire survey...
July 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724204/gait-and-balance-impairment-after-acute-methanol-poisoning
#2
Kamila Peterová, Hana Brožová, Jiří Klempíř, Irena Lišková, Ondřej Bezdíček, Petr Ridzoň, Manuela Vaněčková, Sergej Zakharov, Daniela Pelclová, Michal Miovský, Evžen Růžička
Neurological sequelae including gait impairment were reported in survivors after methanol intoxication; however, no systematic study has been published so far. We aimed to analyse gait and balance impairment in a group of Czech methanol poisoning survivors. We examined 43 patients (age 46±13 years) 2-8 months after methanol poisoning and 43 healthy controls. Investigations contained a shortened version of Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), clinical tests of gait and balance including Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and gait analysis using GaitRite(®) system, neurological and neuropsychological examination, brain imaging, EMG and tests of alcohol consumption...
July 19, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724200/effect-of-memantine-on-serum-levels-of-neuron-specific-enolase-and-on-the-glasgow-coma-scale-in-patients-with-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Majid Mokhtari, Hossein Nayeb-Aghaei, Mehran Kouchek, Mir Mohammad Miri, Reza Goharani, Arash Amoozandeh, Sina Akhavan Salamat, Mohammad Sistanizad
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death globally. Despite significant progress in neuromonitoring and neuroprotection, pharmacological interventions have failed to generate favorable results. We examined the effect of memantine on serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), a marker of neuronal damage, and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in patients with moderate TBI. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group (who received standard TBI management) and the treatment group (who, alongside their standard management, received enteral memantine 30 mg twice daily for 7 days)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724170/circulating-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-3-predict-three-months-outcome-after-ischemic-stroke
#4
Moritz Armbrust, Hans Worthmann, Reinhard Dengler, Helmut Schumacher, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Christoph Cyrill Eschenfelder, Matthias Endres, Martin Ebinger
Reports on neuroprotective effects of Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in ischemic brain tissue are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine if plasma levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in acute stroke patients are indicative of 3 months functional outcome. Plasma levels were measured via chemiluminescence immunoassay in heparin blood samples of patients included in the EARLY trial (NCT00562588). Plasma samples were drawn on admission and 8 days post-stroke...
July 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724155/a-family-systems-curriculum-back-to-the-future
#5
Rebekah Schiefer, Alexandra Verdieck Devlaeminck, Holly Hofkamp, Sheldon Levy, Demetrio Sanchez, John Muench
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although both residents and teaching faculty endorse its value, a recent review of family medicine residency programs confirms minimal formal family systems theory training. We consider the historical context of family systems training in family medicine and other competing priorities in practice and residency curricula. METHODS: We developed a longitudinal family systems curriculum, delivered in the third year of a 4-year residency program, and evaluated 2 years of the program using scales to assess self-reported confidence, knowledge and skills...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724153/actual-and-standardized-patient-evaluations-of-medical-students-skills
#6
Amelia L Sattler, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Steven Y Lin, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physicians must communicate effectively with patients. Actual patients (APs) rarely evaluate medical students' clinical skills; instead, standardized patients (SPs) provide proxy ratings. It is unclear how well SP ratings mirror AP experiences. The aim of this study was to compare AP and SP assessments of medical students' communication skills and professionalism. We hypothesized that their perspectives would be similar, but distinct, and offer insight about how to more reliably include the patient's voice in medical education...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724111/agricultural-conservation-planning-framework-3-land-use-and-field-boundary-database-development-and-structure
#7
Mark D Tomer, David E James, Claudette M J Sandoval-Green
Conservation planning information is important for identifying options for watershed water quality improvement and can be developed for use at field, farm, and watershed scales. Translation across scales is a key issue impeding progress at watershed scales because watershed improvement goals must be connected with implementation of farm- and field-level conservation practices to demonstrate success. This is particularly true when examining alternatives for "trap and treat" practices implemented at agricultural-field edges to control (or influence) water flows through fields, landscapes, and riparian corridors within agricultural watersheds...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724103/nematode-community-response-to-green-infrastructure-design-in-a-semiarid-city
#8
Mitchell A Pavao-Zuckerman, Christine Sookhdeo
Urbanization affects ecosystem function and environmental quality through shifts in ecosystem fluxes that are brought on by features of the built environment. Green infrastructure (GI) has been suggested as a best management practice (BMP) to address urban hydrologic and ecological impacts of the built environment, but GI practice has only been studied from a limited set of climatic conditions and disciplinary approaches. Here, we evaluate GI features in a semiarid city from the perspective of soil ecology through the application of soil nematode community analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724101/assessment-of-the-effects-of-total-emission-control-policies-on-surface-water-quality-in-china-2004-to-2014
#9
Xia Liu, Jianfeng Feng, Yinhuan Qiao, Yuqiu Wang, Lin Zhu
Water quality deterioration is a problem throughout the globe, especially in China. The Chinese government established national total emission control (TEC) policies related to the nation's surface water quality over the past 10 yr to restore, protect, and promote healthy water quality. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of China's TEC policies by analyzing three water quality constituents (ammonium nitrogen [NH-N], dissolved oxygen [DO], and the permanganate index [COD]) at 73 monitoring stations, which account for most of the surface waters of eastern China...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724095/modeling-the-effects-of-onsite-wastewater-treatment-systems-on-nitrate-loads-using-swat-in-an-urban-watershed-of-metropolitan-atlanta
#10
Nahal Hoghooghi, David E Radcliffe, Mussie Y Habteselassie, Jaehak Jeong
Onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTSs) can be a source of nitrogen (N) pollution in both surface and ground waters. In metropolitan Atlanta, GA, >26% of homes are on OWTSs. In a previous article, we used the Soil Water Assessment Tool to model the effect of OWTSs on stream flow in the Big Haynes Creek Watershed in metropolitan Atlanta. The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of OWTSs, including failing systems, on nitrate as N (NO-N) load in the same watershed. Big Haynes Creek has a drainage area of 44 km with mainly urban land use (67%), and most of the homes use OWTSs...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724090/transformation-of-organic-matter-and-the-emissions-of-methane-and-ammonia-during-storage-of-liquid-manure-as-affected-by-acidification
#11
Sven G Sommer, Timothy J Clough, Nimlesh Balaine, Sasha D Hafner, Keith C Cameron
Acidification of livestock manure can reduce emission of the greenhouse gases methane (CH) and nitrous oxide (NO), as well as ammonia (NH). We examined the relation between emission of these gases and transformation of organic matter as affected by acidification. Liquid cattle manure was acidified with sulfuric acid to pH 5.5 at a pilot scale (100 L), and we measured effects on CH, NO, CO and NH emissions and on transformation of pH buffer components and organic matter. Acidification reduced NH emissions by 62% (47 d) and emission of CH by 68% (57 d)...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724088/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-assessment-of-aqueously-extractable-estrogens-in-poultry-manure-after-pilot-scale-composting
#12
Kirsten M Hammett, Elizabeth J Mullin, Diana S Aga, Gary K Felton, Daniel J Fisher, Lance T Yonkos
Poultry manure contains free and conjugated forms of the natural estrogens 17β-estradiol and estrone, which can be transported to receiving waters via runoff when land-applied. Previous studies have demonstrated estrogens in runoff from poultry manure-amended fields but have not tracked changes in estrogenicity within this water over time. Microbial conversion of conjugated estrogens (a major portion of water-extractable estrogens) to parent forms may result in temporary increases in estrogenicity in natural water bodies...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724071/haplotypes-phased-from-population-transcriptomes-detecting-selection-in-the-initial-adaptation-of-miscanthus-lutarioriparius-to-stressful-environments
#13
Cai-Yun Zhu, Wei Liu, Li-Fang Kang, Qin Xu, Shi-Lai Xing, Yang-Yang Fan, Zhi-Hong Song, Juan Yan, Jian-Qiang Li, Tao Sang
Adaptation is a characteristic that enhances the survival or reproduction of organisms; selection is the critical process leading to adaptive evolution. Therefore, detecting selection is important in studying evolutionary biology. Changes in allele frequency are fundamental to adaptive evolution. The allele frequency of entire genes at the genomic scale is more intensive and precise for analyzing selection effects, compared with simple sequence repeat and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) alleles from nuclear gene fragments...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724060/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-crown-rust-resistance-in-oat-elite-germplasm
#14
Kathy Esvelt Klos, Belayneh A Yimer, Ebrahiem M Babiker, Aaron D Beattie, J Michael Bonman, Martin L Carson, James Chong, Stephen A Harrison, Amir M H Ibrahim, Frederic L Kolb, Curt A McCartney, Michael McMullen, Jennifer Mitchell Fetch, Mohsen Mohammadi, J Paul Murphy, Nicholas A Tinker
Oat crown rust, caused by f. sp. , is a major constraint to oat ( L.) production in many parts of the world. In this first comprehensive multienvironment genome-wide association map of oat crown rust, we used 2972 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped on 631 oat lines for association mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL). Seedling reaction to crown rust in these lines was assessed as infection type (IT) with each of 10 crown rust isolates. Adult plant reaction was assessed in the field in a total of 10 location-years as percentage severity (SV) and as infection reaction (IR) in a 0-to-1 scale...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724012/health-surveillance-and-response-on-a-regional-scale-a-preliminary-study-of-the-zika-virus-fever-case
#15
Flávia Thedim Costa Bueno
Although awareness of the Zika virus has existed since the 1950s, only recently has it attracted the interest of the international community. In 2015 and 2016, the virus spread throughout Brazil and suspicions on the possible relation between parallel increases in neurological disorders and the infection arose. By November 2015, this concern had developed into a National Public Health Emergency. On February 1, 2016, WHO formally declared its suspicion that this was a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), and sent a response in accordance with International Health Regulations (2005)...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723984/satisfaction-with-nursing-care-in-drug-users-the-evolution-of-a-scale
#16
Paulo Rosário Carvalho Seabra, Luis Octávio Sá, José Joaquim Penedos Amendoeira, Ana Leonor Ribeiro
Objectives: To identify the degree of satisfaction with nursing care, the significant variables and contribute to the evolution of the scale. Methods: Descriptive, correlational, cross study, with 180 drug users. Data collected using the scale called "Satisfaction of users with the Nursing Health Center26", between February and December 2012 in three treatment units in the region of Lisbon and Vale do Tejo, Portugal. Results: Users indicated 83...
July 13, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723978/instruments-for-the-assessment-of-suicide-risk-a-systematic-review-evaluating-the-certainty-of-the-evidence
#17
Bo Runeson, Jenny Odeberg, Agneta Pettersson, Tobias Edbom, Ingalill Jildevik Adamsson, Margda Waern
BACKGROUND: Instruments have been developed to facilitate suicide risk assessment. We aimed to evaluate the evidence for these instruments including assessment of risk of bias and diagnostic accuracy for suicide and suicide attempt. METHODS: PubMed (NLM), PsycInfo, Embase, Cinahl and the Cochrane Library databases were searched until December 2014. We assessed risk of bias with QUADAS-2. The average sensitivity and specificity of each instrument was estimated and the certainty of the evidence was assessed with GRADE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723964/development-of-the-korean-adult-reading-test-kart-to-estimate-premorbid-intelligence-in-dementia-patients
#18
Dahyun Yi, Eun Hyun Seo, Ji Young Han, Bo Kyung Sohn, Min Soo Byun, Jun Ho Lee, Young Min Choe, Suzy Ahn, Jong Inn Woo, Jongho Jun, Dong Young Lee
We aimed to develop a word-reading test for Korean-speaking adults using irregularly pronounced words that would be useful for estimation of premorbid intelligence. A linguist who specialized in Korean phonology selected 94 words that have irregular relationship between orthography and phonology. Sixty cognitively normal elderly (CN) and 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) were asked to read out loud the words and were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th edition, Korean version (K-WAIS-IV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723960/a-validation-of-11-body-condition-indices-in-a-giant-snake-species-that-exhibits-positive-allometry
#19
Bryan G Falk, Ray W Snow, Robert N Reed
Body condition is a gauge of the energy stores of an animal, and though it has important implications for fitness, survival, competition, and disease, it is difficult to measure directly. Instead, body condition is frequently estimated as a body condition index (BCI) using length and mass measurements. A desirable BCI should accurately reflect true body condition and be unbiased with respect to size (i.e., mean BCI estimates should not change across different length or mass ranges), and choosing the most-appropriate BCI is not straightforward...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723959/a-novel-surveillance-approach-for-disaster-mental-health
#20
Oliver Gruebner, Sarah R Lowe, Martin Sykora, Ketan Shankardass, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Disasters have substantial consequences for population mental health. Social media data present an opportunity for mental health surveillance after disasters to help identify areas of mental health needs. We aimed to 1) identify specific basic emotions from Twitter for the greater New York City area during Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall on October 29, 2012, and to 2) detect and map spatial temporal clusters representing excess risk of these emotions. METHODS: We applied an advanced sentiment analysis on 344,957 Twitter tweets in the study area over eleven days, from October 22 to November 1, 2012, to extract basic emotions, a space-time scan statistic (SaTScan) and a geographic information system (QGIS) to detect and map excess risk of these emotions...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
95085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"