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Root planing

Gustavo Mattos Barreto, Henrique Oliveira Feitosa
Introduction: Orthodontics has gone through remarkable advances for those who practice it with dignity and clinical quality, such as the unprecedented number of patients treated of some type of iatrogenic problems (post-treatment root resorptions; occlusal plane changes; midline discrepancies, asymmetries, etc). Several questions may raise useful reflections about the constant increase of iatrogenics. What is causing it? Does it occur when dentists are properly trained? In legal terms, how can dentists accept these patients? How should they be orthodontically treated? What are the most common problems? Objective: This study analyzed and discussed relevant aspects to understand patients with iatrogenic problems and describe a simple and efficient approach to treat complex cases associated with orthodontic iatrogenics...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
R Aimard, C Lalloué, C Ho Quoc, D Girodet, P Zrounba, E Delay
INTRODUCTION: The mucosal cylindroma or adenoid cystic carcinoma is the second sinonasal non-epithelial malignant tumor frequency argument. Due to the achievement of the nasal mucosa and a late diagnosis reconstructions are often complex. We report the case of a mucous cylindroma recurrence of nasal septum requiring a wide and deep excision of the root of the nose with nasal reconstruction. CASE REPORT: A patient aged 66 years whose history resection two years ago with a mucous adenoid cystic carcinoma of the right side of the nasal septum, had a local recurrence T2NOM0 imposing a wide excision with amputation nasal septum own bones of nose, the anterior portion of the triangular cartilages...
November 25, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
M Becker, J Ciupka, T Pierchalla, K R Fischer, A Friedmann
OBJECTIVES: A solution based on hypochlorite and amino acids was introduced to improve cleaning efficacy on the root surfaces. The purpose of this in vitro pilot study was to evaluate the time reduction and number of strokes required to clean untreated root surfaces in vitro. METHODS: Sixty extracted human teeth displaying areas with subgingival calculus were assigned equally to one of three treatment groups (n = 20) according to the size of occupied areas, estimated by the number of pixels...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Dong Xue, Ying Zhao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) adjunctive to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of residual pockets for chronic periodontitis patients on supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). METHOD: Bibliographic databases of MEDLINE and Cochrane Library were thoroughly searched up to July 2016 for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Mean differences (MD) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were synthesized for probing depth (PD) reduction and clinical attachment level (CAL) gain...
November 22, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: To determine whether treatment with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) improves periodontal clinical and glycemic outcomes in chronic periodontitis patients (CP) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE via PubMed; EMBASE; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases) were searched up to and including October 2016. The addressed PICO question was: "What are the effects aPDT as an adjunct to SRP in terms of periodontal and glycemic outcomes as compared to SRP alone in individuals with DM?" RESULTS: Four randomized clinical trials were included in the present review...
November 22, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Philip Kang
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: There is a lack of clinical research on the potential effect of cannabis use on the periodontium as well as its effect on treatment outcomes. The aim of this case report is to illustrate the clinical presentation of periodontal disease in a young woman who was a chronic cannabis user, as well as successful treatment involving motivating the patient to quit cannabis use and undergo nonsurgical and surgical therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 23-year-old woman sought care at the dental clinic for periodontal treatment...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Juan J Martínez Medina, Luciana G Naso, Ana L Pérez, Alberto Rizzi, Evelina G Ferrer, Patricia A M Williams
Based on the known antioxidant effect of flavonoids, baicalin (baic) found in roots of Scutellaria has been selected. Its coordination complex with the oxidovanadium(IV) cation, Na4[VO(baic)2].6H2O (V(IV)O(baic)), was synthesized at pH9 in ethanol and characterized by physicochemical methods. Spectrophotometric studies at pH9 showed a ligand: metal stoichiometry of 2:1. By vibrational spectroscopy a coordination mode through the cis 5-OH and 6-OH deprotonated groups is inferred. EPR spectroscopy shows an environment of four aryloxide (ArO(-)) groups in the equatorial plane of the VO moiety, both in solution and in the solid complex...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Claudia Zindl, Russell L Tucker, Jelena Jovanovik, Constanza Gomez Alvarez, David Price, Noel Fitzpatrick
Degenerative lumbosacral stenosis has been suspected to have a dynamic component, especially regarding encroachment of the L7 nerve roots exiting the lumbosacral foramina. Angled cross-sectional imaging of the neuroforamina has been found improve the accuracy of the diagnosis of stenosis in humans. In this anatomic study, foraminal apertures were evaluated by MRI at the entry, middle, and exit zones of the nerve roots in 30 dogs that were clinically affected by lumbosacral disease. Standard vs. oblique planar orientation and neutral vs...
November 16, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Iacopo Dallan, Alberto Di Somma, Alberto Prats-Galino, Domenico Solari, Isam Alobid, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Giacomo Fiacchini, Paolo Castelnuovo, Giuseppe Catapano, Matteo de Notaris
OBJECTIVE Exposure of the cavernous sinus is technically challenging. The most common surgical approaches use well-known variations of the standard frontotemporal craniotomy. In this paper the authors describe a novel ventral route that enters the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus through an interdural corridor that includes the removal of the greater sphenoid wing via a purely endoscopic transorbital pathway. METHODS Five human cadaveric heads (10 sides) were dissected at the Laboratory of Surgical NeuroAnatomy of the University of Barcelona...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Oya Demirturk-Gocgun, Ulku Baser, Gokce Aykol-Sahin, Nevin Dinccag, Halim Issever, Funda Yalcin
OBJECTIVE: In this split-mouth clinical trial, we evaluated the clinical benefits of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to nonsurgical periodontal treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). BACKGROUND DATA: The impaired wound healing seen in diabetic patients may affect the results of periodontal treatment and may require an additional approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 22 chronic periodontitis patients with type 2 DM were included...
November 17, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Félix P Kuhn, Sonia Hammoud, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Serge Poiraudeau, Antoine Feydy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of simple and complex sacral perineural Tarlov cysts (TCs) in a cohort of children and adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective observational epidemiological study assessing 1100 consecutive sacral magnetic resonance (MR) studies, including 100 children and adolescents. All patients underwent 1.5T MR imaging with T1 and T2 weighted image acquisitions in sagittal and axial planes. All perineural cysts affecting the sacral nerve roots S1-S4 were quantitatively and qualitatively assessed...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
Aastha Baldodia, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari, Satish Chander Narula
OBJECTIVE: Chronic periodontitis (CP) is associated with increased systemic inflammation and osteoporosis. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, implicated in systemic bone loss, are also associated with periodontitis. The impact of control of systemic inflammation by scaling and root planing (SRP) on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal (PM) osteopenic women with CP was investigated in this study. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Sixty-eight PM osteopenic women with CP were included...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
Piyush Bhupendra Doshi, Yogesh Chimanbhai Bhatt
CONTEXT: In surgical management of global brachial plexus injuries, direct repair of contralateral C7 (cC7) to the anterior division of the lower trunk, can produce good extrinsic finger flexion. The pitfalls associated with the pre-spinal passage have, perhaps, proved to be a deterrent for using this technique routinely. AIMS: The aim of this study is to demonstrate an alternative to pre-spinal route for cC7 transfer in brachial plexus avulsion injuries. METHODS: We noted that the mobilised lower trunk, which reaches the level of the scalenus anterior by passage deep to the clavicle, can be brought to the suprasternal notch when brought out from below the clavicle...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
D Manikandan, V R Balaji, Tanvir Mohamad Niazi, G Rohini, B Karthikeyan, P Jesudoss
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term clinical and microbiological effect of chlorhexidine varnish when used as an adjuvant to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A split-mouth design was conducted in 11 patients suffering from chronic periodontitis. The control site underwent scaling and root planing, and the experimental site was additionally treated with chlorhexidine varnish application...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Sugumari Elavarasu, Thangakumaran Suthanthiran, Arthiie Thangavelu, Sanjay Alex, Vijaya Kumar Palanisamy, Tamil Selvan Kumar
AIM: Curcumin has proven properties such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and it also accelerates wound healing. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme, in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), and the impact of nonsurgical treatment on the antioxidant profile using 0.2% curcumin strip as local drug delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of twenty subjects of age 35-55 years and 15 subjects with chronic periodontitis, each with bilateral 5-6 mm probing pocket depth, were selected for this study...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Brandon G Zimmerman, Thomas G Brown
We present an analysis and test of an image sampling polarimeter based on the concept of Star Test Polarimetry first introduced by Ramkhalawon. The method makes use of a stress engineered optical element (SEO) placed in the pupil plane of an optical system to induce a polarization dependent point spread function (PSF) at the detector. We describe the calibration requirements of the polarimeter and introduce a new algorithm that can robustly extract the Stokes parameters in a single irradiance measurement. By acquiring statistics on the sampled Stokes parameters of a uniformly illuminated pinhole array, we show that a single frame can provide a root mean square angular error of approximately 10 milliradians on the Poincaré sphere...
October 3, 2016: Optics Express
Ingvild Kinn Ekroll, Jorgen Avdal, Abigail Swillens, Hans Torp, Lasse Lovstakken
An extended least squares method for robust, angle-independent 2-D vector velocity estimation using plane-wave ultrasound imaging is presented. The method utilizes a combination of least squares regression of Doppler autocorrelation estimates and block matching to obtain aliasing-resistant vector velocity estimates. It is shown that the aliasing resistance of the technique may be predicted using a single parameter, which is dependent on the selected transmit and receive steering angles. This parameter can therefore be used to design the aliasing-resistant transmit-receive setups...
November 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Albert Hong, Neha Jaswal, Lindsey Westover, Eric C Parent, Marc Moreau, Douglas Hedden, Samer Adeeb
STUDY DESIGN: Validation Study OBJECTIVE.: To independently validate the diagnostic accuracy of surface topography (ST) classification trees to identify curve severity and progression using a new sample of data in participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiographs for diagnosing and monitoring AIS involve harmful radiation exposure repeated at successive clinical visits. Classification trees using a novel ST technique have been proposed to determine curve severity and progression non-invasively which could be used to monitor scoliosis...
November 2, 2016: Spine
Linhua Ge, Yunxin Zhang, Rong Shu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical use of an erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser in the management of root furcation involvements. BACKGROUND DATA: It has been suggested that the use of laser radiation within the periodontal pocket may be effective in periodontal treatment. However, very limited data from clinical trials exist directly comparing the use of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser to conventional root planing...
November 3, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Babak Amoian, Aida Mirzaee, Seyed Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND & AIM: Photodynamic therapy is a localized non-invasive treatment modality for the periodontal disease. Some evidences have shown that this technique is effective in improving the treatment outcome. This study compared the effects of photodynamic therapy with and without scaling and root planing and scaling and root planing alone on the clinical parameters of the chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this single-blind, randomized clinical trial, 30 chronic periodontitis patients (10 for each modality) were selected and three different methods; photodynamic therapy alone (Group1) by FotoSan 630 system, scaling and root planning (SRP) alone (Group2), scaling and root planing combined with photodynamic therapy (Group3) were done for them randomly...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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