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Avascular necrosis hip

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048690/large-fresh-osteochondral-allografts-for-the-hip-growing-the-evidence
#1
Lasun O Oladeji, James L Cook, James P Stannard, Brett D Crist
INTRODUCTION: Articular cartilage lesions of the hip are difficult to effectively treat. Osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation in the knee has been associated with long-term success, but OCA for the hip has not been extensively studied. Here, we present the clinical and radiological outcomes from a cohort of 10 patients treated with fresh OCA transplants for large osteochondral defects of the femoral head and/or acetabulum. METHODS: 10 patients who had undergone osteochondral allograft transplantation of the femoral head and/or acetabulum at our institution between 2013 and 2016 were identified from our Institutional Review Board-approved registry...
October 17, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027184/low-rate-of-clinically-important-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head-after-ludloff-s-procedure
#2
Jesper Holbeck-Brendel, Bjarne Møller-Madsen, Ivan Hvid, Michel B Hellfritzsch, Line K Pedersen, Peter Dalsgaard, Ole Rahbek
INTRODUCTION: Ludloff's procedure for open reduction of congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) is recommended for its minimal tissue damage, but is criticised for the risk of late avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head. The aim of present study was primarily to assess the risk of late AVN of the femoral head and secondly the range of motion (ROM) of the hip and the quality of life in children following Ludloff's procedure. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 13 hips in 11 children after Ludloff's procedure due to CDH were included retrospectively from 1997 to 2005 at Aarhus University Hospital...
October 12, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993981/surgical-treatment-of-marginal-osteochondral-impaction-in-acetabular-fractures
#3
Y M Khira, S El-Aidy
PURPOSE: Clinical and radiological evaluation of the results of the technique of elevation and grafting of osteochondral marginal impaction fragment of posterior wall acetabular fractures. METHODS: Twenty patients available for this study had fracture acetabulum with marginal impaction fragment. Elevation, reduction and bone graft impaction of the defect were the technique in all cases. Follow-up was at least for 1 year. Evaluation of patient was done clinically by modified Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score and radiologically by Matta's criteria of reduction quality and that of radiological hip evaluation...
October 9, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993082/noncemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-sickle-cell-disease-long-term-results
#4
Imran Ilyas, Husam A Alrumaih, Samar Rabbani
BACKGROUND: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a well-known sequela of sickle-cell disease (SCD) requiring a surgical intervention that comes with technical challenges. METHODS: Uncemented hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis of the femoral head due to SCD was carried out for 101 patients (133 hips) between 2000 and 2012. The duration of follow-up ranged from 5 to 17 years (mean, 14.59 years). All patients received a noncemented femoral stem and a noncemented acetabular shell...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963163/cemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-following-acetabular-fracture
#5
C E H Scott, D MacDonald, M Moran, T O White, J T Patton, J F Keating
AIMS: To evaluate the outcomes of cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) following a fracture of the acetabulum, with evaluation of risk factors and comparison with a patient group with no history of fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1992 and 2016, 49 patients (33 male) with mean age of 57 years (25 to 87) underwent cemented THA at a mean of 6.5 years (0.1 to 25) following acetabular fracture. A total of 38 had undergone surgical fixation and 11 had been treated non-operatively; 13 patients died at a mean of 10...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957901/closed-reduction-of-congenital-dislocation-of-the-hip-prediction-factors-and-results
#6
Michal S Galek-Aldridge, Jan Jaap de Graeff, Peter A A Struijs
From 2009 to 2015, 15 infants with a congenital dislocation of the hip were treated with closed reduction under anaesthesia, after first being treated with Pavlik bandaging. A retrospective study was carried out with a minimum follow-up of 1 year to assess the success rate of the procedure and predictive factors. Twelve out of 15 (80%) patients achieved successful reduction. In the successful cases, the Barlow test was positive and the safe zone was 20° or more. In the unsuccessful cases, there was a negative Barlow present in the outpatient clinic and the safe zone was less than 20°...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951638/non-parallel-screw-fixation-for-femoral-neck-fractures-in-young-adults
#7
Sherif Galal, Mohamed Nagy
INTRODUCTION: Current literature shows divergence of views regarding screws positioning in femoral neck fractures fixation. The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of divergent screw fixation for fracture neck of femur (NOF). METHODS: The study was conducted at an academic Level 1 Trauma Center. This is a retrospective study conducted from October 2013 to October 2016. The study included 41 patients (33 males, 8 females) suffering from fracture NOF who were fixed using BDSF technique (26 within 24 h...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913399/reactive-scoliosis-a-challenging-phenomenon-in-adolescent-patients-with-hip-arthritis
#8
Madhav Chowdhry, Laura Matsen Ko, Corinna Franklin, Javad Parvizi
Functional limb length discrepancy (LLD) in adolescents can result from soft tissue contracture following long-standing hip disease. We present a case of a 13-year-old girl with difficulty in ambulation due to right hip pain and LLD. Radiographs revealed severe arthritis of right hip with signs of avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The patient had developed reactive scoliosis of lumbar spine along with pelvic obliquity. After failing conservative management, total hip arthroplasty (THA) without attempting to equalize LLD was performed...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904634/treatment-of-chronic-stable-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-via-surgical-hip-dislocation-with-combined-osteochondroplasty-and-imhauser-osteotomy
#9
J B Erickson, W P Samora, K E Klingele
PURPOSE: Treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), including the modified Dunn procedure, restores anatomy with significant risk for avascular necrosis (AVN), if performed in the setting of moderate to severe, stable SCFE. The Imhauser osteotomy has been shown to be an effective way to correct residual deformity without the risk of AVN. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a combined Imhauser osteotomy and osteochondroplasty, performed via a surgical hip dislocation approach for the acute and delayed treatment of stable SCFE...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888684/prognostic-factors-after-a-traumatic-hip-dislocation-a-long-term-retrospective-study
#10
J Moreta, X Foruria, A Sánchez, U Aguirre
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic hip dislocations can have devastating complications such as osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis. The aim of this study was to identify the variables and prognostic factors associated with clinical and radiological outcome after a traumatic hip dislocation at long-term follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review was performed of all dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the hip from January 1999 to December 2012. A computed tomography scan was performed after reduction in all cases...
September 6, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882372/reduced-survival-for-uncemented-compared-to-cemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-after-operatively-treated-acetabular-fractures
#11
John Clarke-Jenssen, Marianne Westberg, Olav Røise, Stein Arne Øvre Storeggen, Tone Bere, Ingunn Silberg, Jan Erik Madsen
BACKGROUND: Post traumatic arthritis and avascular necrosis of the femoral head are common complications after operatively treated acetabular fractures. This may cause severe disabilities for the patient, necessitating a total hip arthroplasty. Even though an arthroplasty may provide good symptomatic relief, the long-term results are more uncertain and no consensus exists according to preferred prosthetic designs. With this cohort study, we aimed to investigate the medium to long term arthroplasty survival and clinical results of total hip arthroplasty after operatively treated acetabular fractures...
September 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871598/introducing-universal-ultrasound-screening-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-doubled-the-treatment-rate
#12
Stine Feiring Olsen, Hans Christian Blom, Karen Rosendahl
AIM: There is no evidence on the effect of universal ultrasound screening on developmental dysplasia of the hip. We examined the impact of adding an ultrasound examination to a one examiner clinical screening strategy on treatment, follow-up rates and the number of cases detected late in a low-prevalence population. METHODS: All eligible babies born at Kongsberg Hospital, Norway, from 1998-2006 (n=4,245) underwent both clinical and ultrasound hip examinations within three days of life...
September 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861192/comparison-of-outcomes-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#13
Sun-Ho Lee, Gun-Woo Lee, Young-Jun Seol, Kyung-Soon Park, Taek-Rim Yoon
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) between ankylosing spondylitis (AS) of the hip joint and avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head. METHODS: Thirty patients (30 hips) underwent cementless THA for AS between 2003 and 2012. They were compared to 30 patients (30 hips) who underwent the same procedure for AVN of the femoral head. Each group was matched for age and gender, and both groups had similar preoperative demographic characteristics...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844681/dynamic-hip-system-blade-versus-cannulated-compression-screw-for-the-treatment-of-femoral-neck-fractures-a-retrospective-study
#14
Chao Chen, Li Yu, Xin Tang, Mo-Zhen Liu, Li-Zhong Sun, Changjian Liu, Zhen Zhang, Chang-Zhou Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of patients with femoral neck fractures treated with the dynamic hip system blade (DHS-BLADE) or cannulated compression screws. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with femoral neck fractures were treated by closed reduction internal fixation with a DHS-BLADE (n = 42; 18 males and 24 females; mean age: 56.3 years (37-87)) or cannulated compression screws (n = 44; 20 males and 24 females; mean age: 53...
August 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844125/stem-cell-therapy-for-avascular-necrosis-of-femoral-head-in-sickle-cell-disease-report-of-11-cases-and-review-of-literature
#15
Mir Sadat-Ali, Md Q Azam, Ezzat M Elshabouri, Ahmad M Tantawy, Sadananda Acharya
Background and Objective: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is quite common in eastern Saudi Arabia and Avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) occurs in 30% of the young patients leading to early joint arthroplasty. This study was conducted to assess the benefits of injection of osteoblasts in the avascular lesions of the head of femur. Patients and Methods: A preset technique was used, 10 CC of bone marrow aspiration was performed under local anesthesia and aseptic technique...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840126/autologous-stem-cells-combined-core-decompression-for-treatment-of-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Shibing Xu, Lei Zhang, Hongting Jin, Letian Shan, Li Zhou, Luwei Xiao, Peijian Tong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of core decompression combined transplantation of autologous bone marrow stem cells (CDBMSCs) for treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding effectiveness of core decompression combined transplantation of autologous bone marrow stem cells for treating ANFH were searched in 8 comprehensive databases prior to September 2016...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831651/treatment-of-stable-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-systematic-review-and-exploratory-patient-level-analysis
#17
H Naseem, S Chatterji, K Tsang, M Hakimi, A Chytas, S Alshryda
BACKGROUND: Several aspects of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) treatment remain controversial. Loder's work has been instrumental in changing our understanding and approach to the management of the condition when he introduced the concept of "slip instability" and showed that avascular necrosis (AVN) developed in 47% of unstable slips but none of the stable slips. As the two types of SCFE behave differently in terms of presentation, progress and complications, we approached them as two different conditions to highlight these differences...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802420/dhs-osteosynthesis-with-internal-bone-grafting-in-unstable-delayed-presented-intracapsular-neck-femur-fractures
#18
Wasudeo M Gadegone, R M Chandak, Vijayanand R Lokhande
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess fracture union and complications following use of dynamic hip screw (DHS) with internal bone grafting in treatment of unstable delayed presented intracapsular neck femur fractures in patients younger than 65 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty two patients with displaced intracapsular neck femur fractures(Garden III and IV, Pauwels III, with comminution) with delayed presentation (15-60 days) in the 45-65 year age group (mean 54...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790551/bilateral-subcapital-femoral-neck-fracture-in-a-28-year-old-postpartum-woman
#19
Miroslav Kezunovic, Nikola Bulatovic, Vojin Kadic
INTRODUCTION: Subcapital femoral neck fractures are associated with high morbidity and mortality. These fractures mostly occur as a result of a high-force impact from traffic accidents and a fall from a great height, though non-traumatic forms are described in transient osteoporosis during the second half of pregnancy, in convulsions during electric shock, eclampsia, hypocalcemia, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy and myeloma. CASE REPORT: In this report we present a bilateral subcapital femoral neck fracture in a woman sustained two days after delivery...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768791/the-correlation-between-salter-s-criteria-for-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head-and-kalamchi-s-prognostic-classification-following-the-treatment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#20
Y Tsukagoshi, M Kamegaya, H Kamada, T Saisu, M Morita, J Kakizaki, Y Tomaru, M Yamazaki
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between Salter's criteria and Kalamchi's classification of avascular necrosis in patients treated for developmental dysphasia of the hip (DDH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved a retrospective analysis of 123 patients (123 hips) with DDH treated by operative and non-operative reduction before the age of two years, with a minimum follow-up of ten years. Salter's criteria (S1 to S4) were determined from radiographs obtained at one to two years post-reduction, whilst the Kalamchi grade was determined from radiographs obtained at ten or more years of age...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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