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Biliary stent

Caoye Wang, Zhengqiang Yang, Jinguo Xia, Weiping Wang, Wenhua Chen, Qi Wang
Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare condition, defined as an abnormal communication between the bronchial system and the biliary tree. Patients with this condition usually present with massive biliptysis, and the mortality rate is high. BBF has been reported to occur in patients with congenital conditions, complications of trauma, hepatic abscesses and biliary tract obstruction (surgical as well as non-surgical). However, to the best of our knowledge, BBF as a complication of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been reported to date...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Marta Cano-Hoz, Miguel F Carrascosa, Ainhoa Díaz Pérez, Rocío Ramos-Martín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
María Victoria Alvarez-Sánchez, O B Luna, I Oria, K Marchut, F Fumex, G Singier, A Salgado, B Napoléon
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that EUS-BD may be a feasible and safer alternative to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) after failed ERCP in patients with ascites. To date, no study has specifically evaluated the performance of EUS-BD in this context. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was done for patients with and without ascites who underwent EUS-BD for malignant biliary obstruction after failed ERCP between July 2010 and September 2014. Complications and technical and clinical successes between the two groups were compared...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Hyun Young Woo, In Seok Lee, Jae Hyuck Chang, Seung Bae Youn, Si Hyun Bae, Jong Young Choi, Ho Jong Chun, Young Kyoung You, Dong Goo Kim, Seung Kew Yoon
Background/Aims: Biliary complications are the most common donor complication following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term outcomes of biliary complications in right lobe adult-to-adult LDLT donors, and to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment of these donors. Methods: The medical charts of right lobe donors who developed biliary complications between June 2000 and January 2008 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 14, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Yuji Eso, Norimitsu Uza, Kotaro Shirakawa, Kenji Sawada, Kentaro Katsuragi, Minoru Matsuura, Hiroshi Seno
We herein report a patient with a history of rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate, which caused methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder and obstructive jaundice due to an enlarged lymph node. The obstructive jaundice was treated with endoscopic biliary stenting. A histopathological examination revealed features of Hodgkin's lymphoma, and chemotherapy with brentuximab vedotin was administered. Cholangiography and duodenoscopy after four rounds of chemotherapy revealed a choledochoduodenal fistula that developed in response to chemotherapy...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Ayòtúndé B Fadayomi, Gyulnara G Kasumova, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Susanna W L de Geus, Tara S Kent, Sing Chau Ng, A James Moser, Mark P Callery, Stanley W Ashley, Jennifer F Tseng
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common following pancreatectomy and associated with significant morbidity and economic burden. We sought to identify distinct predictors for superficial versus deep/organ space SSIs and their effects on surgical outcomes. METHODS: ACS-NSQIP targeted pancreatectomy 2014 and 2015 databases were queried. Univariate and multivariate models were developed for both types of SSI, length of stay (LOS), and readmission. Costs were estimated based on Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recommendations...
March 8, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Peter J Lee, Amareshwar Podugu, Dong Wu, Arier C Lee, Tyler Stevens, John A Windsor
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains about the best pre-operative management of jaundice in patients with resectable pancreatic head cancer (RPC) undergoing planned pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare rates of post-operative complications in patients undergoing four pre-operative approaches (POA): preoperative biliary drainage with plastic stent (PBD-PS), metal stent (PBD-MS), and percutaneous transhepatic drain (PBD-PT), or no pre-operative biliary drainage (NPBD)...
March 8, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Rachel E NeMoyer, Mihir M Shah, Omar Hasan, John L Nosher, Darren R Carpizo
INTRODUCTION: Benign strictures of the biliary system are challenging and uncommon conditions requiring a multidisciplinary team for appropriate management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 32-year-old male that developed a hilar stricture as sequelae of a gunshot wound. Due to the complex nature of the stricture and scarring at the porta hepatis a combined interventional radiologic and surgical approach was carried out to approach the hilum of the right and left hepatic ducts...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Dong Il Gwon, Gi-Young Ko, Jong Woo Kim, Heung Kyu Ko, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Kyu-Bo Sung
Objective: To investigate the technical safety and clinical efficacy of a double-stent system with long duodenal extension in patients with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction. Materials and Methods: This prospective study enrolled 48 consecutive patients (31 men, 17 women; mean age, 61 years; age range, 31-77 years) with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions from May 2013 to December 2015. All patients were treated with a double-stent system with long duodenal covered extension (16 cm or 21 cm)...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Ji Young Bang, Shyam Varadarajulu
Lumen-apposing metal stents are integrated in a single-step delivery system for draining intra-abdominal fluid collections. The theoretic advantage of lumen-apposing stents is the ability to approximate the wall of the drained cavity or organ to the gastrointestinal tract lumen. The use of lumen-apposing stents now includes drainage of organs adjacent to the stomach/duodenum and creation of anastomosis between the stomach and jejunum. The lumen-apposing stents may also serve as a conduit for accessing the remnant stomach for performing biliary tract interventions...
April 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Matthew W Stier, Irving Waxman
Numerous lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMS) have been designed for transluminal applications, including complex pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) and difficult biliary access. Limited high-quality data exist directly comparing the various LAMS models, and their use remains largely dependent on availability and operator expertise. LAMS placement has been streamlined by the addition of electrocautery, allowing for single-step or modified "hot" approach, if desired. Therapeutic endoscopists continue to explore the application of this technology in a variety of clinical scenarios, and future innovations will be needed to meet these evolving clinical demands...
April 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Francisco Javier Garcia-Alonso, Ramón Sanchez-Ocana, Irene Peñas-Herrero, Ryan Law, Sergio Sevilla-Ribota, Raúl Torres-Yuste, Paula Gil-Simón, Carlos de la Serna Higuera, Manuel Perez-Miranda
BACKGROUND:  Delayed gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and stent migration are known adverse events which may occur following placement of lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMSs). METHODS:  All consecutive patients who underwent LAMS placement between May 2011 and June 2017 at a single tertiary medical center were included. Demographics and procedural details were prospectively collected. Post-procedure follow-up and outcome measures were retrospectively collected...
March 7, 2018: Endoscopy
Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Toru Matsui, Kenichiro Imai, Kinichi Hotta, Hiroyuki Ono
In the present case with lower bile duct cancer, an endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) was placed because of repeated obstructions of biliary metallic stent. However, when the HGS was occluded, transpapillary duodenoscopic procedure was again required. During this transpapillary procedure, including biliary balloon cleaning and metallic stent deployment, the HGS stent was dislocated into the stomach. Fortunately, due to the complete fistulization, no bile peritonitis was recognized and an HGS stent could be replaced from the gastric wall three days later...
March 2, 2018: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Henggao Zhong, Xiaohong Wang, Lihua Yang, Lin Miao, Guozhong Ji, Zhining Fan
This study aimed to assess the clinical value of transprepancreatic septotomy indwelling guide wire or pancreatic duct stent in intractable endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for bile duct cannulation.Of the 2107 patients treated by ERCP, a total of 81 cases with difficult bile duct cannulation underwent transprebiliopancreatic septotomy (referred to as the septotomy group, 37 cases) and transprepancreatic septotomy with pancreatic duct stent (modified septotomy group, 44 cases). Success rates of cannulation and postoperative complications for both methods were compared...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Syed Fahd Shah, Sania Hameed, Jehanzeb Khan Aurakzai, Ali Raza, Muhammad Amjad Chaudhry, Syed Hussain Shah, Syed Zubair Shah
BACKGROUND: Some 20-40% of the periampullary carcinoma is irresectable at the time of diagnosis. Biliary stenting and surgical bypass are commonly used palliative procedure. There is no consensus favouring one procedure over the other. This study compares the both procedures. METHODS: This Randomized Controlled Trial included 47 patients who presented with diagnosis of obstructive jaundice due to periampullary carcinoma to the Department of Surgery, Federal General Hospital, Islamabad from July 2012 to December 2014...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota, Tesshin Ban
Uncovered self-expandable metallic stents (USEMS) are superior to plastic stents in patients with unresectable malignant perihilar biliary obstruction (UMHBO)1 . The causes of SEMS occlusion include: tumor ingrowth/mucosal hyperplasia, tumor overgrowth, sludge with/without stone, hemobilia, food impaction, bile duct kinking, ulceration, perforation, and fibrin clots2-3 . We present a rare case of ultra-early occlusion of the normal bile duct after USEMS placement for UMHBO. This article is protected by copyright...
March 2, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Imen Samaali, Ibtissem Bouasker, Héla Khézami, Akram Sbai, Mohamed Wejih Dougaz, Hichem Jarraya, Ramzi Nouira, Chadli Dziri
BACKGROUND: Patients with malignant obstructive jaundice should undergo surgery on the basis of results of preoperative imaging. However, about half of patients are found to be unsuitable forresection during surgical exploration. Our study aimed to determine the clinicobiologicalcharacteristics that predict the resecability of ampullary and periampullary tumors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 49 patients (45% men and 55% women) who had malignant obstructive jaundice collected in the Department B of generalsurgery, Charles Nicolle hospital between July 1, 2008 and December 31, 2013...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Ekaterina Saukko, Juha M Grönroos, Paulina Salminen, Anja Henner, Miika T Nieminen
OBJECTIVES: Recently, both the number and the complexity with associated increased technical difficulty of therapeutic ERCP procedures have significantly increased resulting in longer procedural and fluoroscopy times. During ERCP, the patient is exposed to ionizing radiation and the consequent radiation dose depends on multiple factors. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting fluoroscopy time and radiation dose in patients undergoing ERCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data related to patient demographics, procedural characteristics and radiation exposure in ERCP procedures (n = 638) performed between August 2013 and August 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Khalid Ahmed, Syeda Atia Qudsia, Abdul Rehman, Syed Hani Abidi
Elizabethkingia (E.) meningosepticais a ubiquitous gram-negative bacillus belonging to the genus Chryseobacteriumand has been reported to cause nosocomial infections in both the immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. E. meningoseptica can colonize the biliary tree after endoscopic procedures; and cholangitis, caused by this organism, is associated with a favorable prognosis. Here, we report a fatal case of cholangitis secondary to E. meningoseptica that developed following biliary stent placement. This case suggests that E...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Jianchun Xiao, Peiran Xu, Binglu Li, Tao Hong, Wei Liu, Xiaodong He, Chaoji Zheng, Yupei Zhao
Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is one of the common organ manifestations of IgG4-related systemic disease (ISD). IAC and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) may mimic sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, or pancreatic carcinoma. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, biochemical, radiological, and histological findings.To study the clinical presentation of and treatment strategy for IAC, we reviewed clinical, serologic, and imaging characteristics, as well as treatment response, in 39 patients with IAC...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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