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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782386/a-systematic-review-of-biodegradable-biliary-stents-promising-biocompatibility-without-stent-removal
#1
Antti Siiki, Juhani Sand, Johanna Laukkarinen
Biodegradable self-expanding stents are an emerging alternative to standard biliary stents as the development of endoscopic insertion devices advances. The aim was to systematically review the existing literature on biodegradable biliary stents. In-vivo studies on the use of biodegradable stents in the biliary duct were systematically reviewed from 1990 to 2017. Despite extensive research on the biocompatibility of stents, the experience so far on their clinical use is limited. A few favorable reports have recently been presented on endoscopically and percutaneously inserted self-expanding biodegradable polydioxanone stents in benign biliary strictures...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774089/different-options-of-endosonography-guided-biliary-drainage-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-failure
#2
José Celso Ardengh, César Vivian Lopes, Rafael Kemp, José Sebastião Dos Santos
AIM: To investigate the success rates of endosonography (EUS)-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) techniques after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failure for management of biliary obstruction. METHODS: From Feb/2010 to Dec/2016, ERCP was performed in 3538 patients, 24 of whom (0.68%) suffered failure to cannulate the biliary tree. All of these patients were initially submitted to EUS-guided rendez-vous (EUS-RV) by means of a transhepatic approach...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771770/biliary-stenosis-and-gastric-outlet-obstruction-late-complications-after-acute-pancreatitis-with-pancreatic-duct-disruption
#3
Motokazu Sugimoto, David P Sonntag, Greggory S Flint, Cody J Boyce, John C Kirkham, Tyler J Harris, Sean M Carr, Brent D Nelson, Don A Bell, Joshua G Barton, L William Traverso
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic duct disruption (PDD) after acute pancreatitis can cause pancreatic collections in the early phase and biliary stenosis (BS) or gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) in the late phase. We aimed to document those late complications after moderate or severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between September 2010 and August 2014, 141 patients showed pancreatic collections on computed tomography. Percutaneous drainage was primarily performed for patients with signs or symptoms of uncontrolled pancreatic juice leakage...
May 15, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771767/risk-of-postendoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-after-double-guidewire-biliary-cannulation-in-an-average-risk-population
#4
Joseph T Krill, Tomas DaVee, Jade S Edwards, J Chris Slaughter, Patrick S Yachimski
OBJECTIVES: Double-guidewire cannulation (DGC) for selective biliary access has been associated with increased risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in patients who have had pancreatic duct (PD) contrast injection. The objective of this study was to determine whether DGC increases PEP risk in standard risk individuals when controlling for procedural aspects such as PD contrast injection. METHODS: Consecutive adults with native papillae who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively identified, and clinical data were collected...
May 17, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767833/post-operative-care-of-interventional-therapy-for-40-liver-cancer-patients-with-obstructive-jaundice
#5
De-Ping Tong, Li-Qin Wu, Xiao-Ping Chen, Yi Li
The care of 40 patients with primary liver cancer with obstructive jaundice treated with liver puncture bile drainage or biliary stent implantation was reported. Treated with the interventional therapy, patients were observed closely to identify symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy and pain; diet care was well performed. Bile drainage tube and skin acre were performed carefully. Liver function, bilirubin and other biochemical indicators were monitored; occurrence of bleeding, acute pancreatitis, biliary tract infection, leakage of ascites around drainage tube and other complication were observed with good discharge instruction...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767391/self-expanding-metallic-biliary-stents-time-to-suit-up
#6
EDITORIAL
Iman Andalib, Michel Kahaleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761151/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-as-palliative-treatment-a-challenging-case-report
#7
Helena Ribeiro, Richard Azevedo, Ana Caldeira, Rui Sousa, Eduardo Pereira, António Banhudo
We report the case of an 88-year-old female with obstructive jaundice due to a periampullary tumor. The patient developed acute cholangitis and consequent clinical deterioration, so it was decided to perform palliative biliary drainage. Due to duodenal tumor invasion, it was not possible to perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A different approach was attempted and it was decided to carry out an endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy. This procedure was performed with a linear echoendoscope, and using a duodenal bulbar approach, a fistula was created between the bulb and the common bile duct...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760541/laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-for-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatopancreatobiliary-cancers-a-personal-series-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Alba Manuel-Vázquez, Raquel Latorre-Fragua, Carmen Ramiro-Pérez, Aylhin López-Marcano, Roberto De la Plaza-Llamas, José Manuel Ramia
The major symptoms of advanced hepatopancreatic-biliary cancer are biliary obstruction, pain and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). For obstructive jaundice, surgical treatment should de consider in recurrent stent complications. The role of surgery for pain relief is marginal nowadays. On the last, there is no consensus for treatment of malignant GOO. Endoscopic duodenal stents are associated with shorter length of stay and faster relief to oral intake with more recurrent symptoms. Surgical gastrojejunostomy shows better long-term results and lower re-intervention rates, but there are limited data about laparoscopic approach...
May 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749333/unexpected-outcome-following-radiofrequency-ablation-of-a-malignant-biliary-stricture
#9
Andrew J Kruger, Somashekar G Krishna
We present a case of a 60-year-old woman with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and recurrent malignant biliary strictures status post placement of two overlapping distal bile duct uncovered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) who presented with biliary obstruction due to tumor/tissue ingrowth. She subsequently underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) through SEMS to improve biliary stent patency. Post-RFA, thermal injury was observed in the periampullary mucosa. She later developed acute pancreatitis. This is the first case of RFA-induced acute pancreatitis with endoscopic evidence of thermal injury...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737954/-90-y-radioembolization-for-hepatic-malignancy-in-patients-with-previous-biliary-intervention-multicenter-analysis-of-hepatobiliary-infections
#10
Kavi K Devulapalli, Nicholas Fidelman, Michael C Soulen, Matthew Miller, Matthew S Johnson, Eric Addo, Ghassan El-Haddad, Charles Nutting, James Morrison, Khashayar Farsad, R Peter Lokken, Ron C Gaba, Jacob Fleming, Daniel B Brown, Sharon W Kwan, Steven C Rose, Kevin A Pennycooke, David M Liu, Sarah B White, Ripal Gandhi, Ann A Lazar, Robert K Kerlan
Purpose To determine the frequency of hepatobiliary infections after transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium 90 (90 Y) in patients with liver malignancy and a history of biliary intervention. Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, records of all consecutive patients with liver malignancy and history of biliary intervention treated with TARE at 14 centers between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. Data regarding liver function, 90 Y dosimetry, antibiotic prophylaxis, and bowel preparation prophylaxis were collected...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729226/eus-guided-hepaticoenterostomy-as-a-portal-to-allow-definitive-antegrade-treatment-of-benign-biliary-diseases-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy
#11
Theodore W James, Y Claire Fan, Todd H Baron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: EUS-guided hepaticoenterostomy (EUS-HE) is usually reserved for palliation of malignant biliary obstruction after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) or inaccessible biliary tree in surgically altered anatomy (SAA). We describe outcome of EUS-HE and antegrade therapy for benign biliary disease in patients with SAA. METHODS: Retrospective review of 20 consecutive patients with surgically altered anatomy and benign biliary obstruction who underwent EUS-HE performed by one endoscopist at a tertiary center over a three-year period...
May 2, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729042/transgastric-reintervention-for-self-expandable-metallic-stent-dysfunction-following-eus-guided-hepaticogastrostomy
#12
Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) using a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) is recognized as an alternative to transpapillary access for performing biliary drainage.1,2 However, reintervention to mitigate stent dysfunction remains challenging.3-5 Here, we present a case of successful transgastric exchange of occluded SEMS. A 53-year-old woman with pancreatic cancer was admitted with acute cholangitis. Five months before, she underwent EUS-HGS using partially covered SEMS (6 mm×12 cm Niti-STM S Biliary Stent; Taewoong Medical Co...
May 5, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722074/analysis-of-caudate-lobe-biliary-anatomy-and-its-implications-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-single-centre-prospective-study
#13
Kausar Makki, Vishal Chorasiya, Ajitabh Srivastava, Ashish Singhal, Arif Ali Khan, Vivek Vij
Biliary complications are a significant cause of morbidity after living donor liver transplant (LDLT). Bile leak may occur from bile duct (anastomotic site in recipient and repaired bile duct stump in donor), cystic duct stump, cut surface pedicles or from divided caudate ducts. The first three sites are amenable to post-operative endoscopic stenting as they are in continuation with biliary ductal system. However, leaks from divided isolated caudate ducts can be stubborn. To minimize caudate duct bile leaks, it is important to understand the anatomy of hilum with attention to the caudate lobe biliary drainage...
May 2, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713676/novel-temperature-controlled-rfa-probe-for-treatment-of-blocked-metal-biliary-stents-in-patients-with-pancreaticobiliary-cancers-initial-experience
#14
Manu K Nayar, Kofi W Oppong, Noor L H Bekkali, John S Leeds
Background and study aims:  Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is used to treat blocked biliary stents in patients with pancreaticobiliary (PB) tumors with varying results. We report our experience with a novel temperature-controlled probe for treatment of blocked metal stents. Patients and methods:  Patients with histologically proven PB cancers and a blocked biliary stents were treated using ELRATM electrode (Taewoong Medical) under fluoroscopic guidance. Demographics, clinical outcome, stricture diameter improvements, complications and mortality at 30 days were prospectively recorded...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713573/percutaneous-management-of-biliary-enteric-anastomotic-strictures-an-institutional-review
#15
Muhammad Azeemuddin, Nauman Turab, Mustafa Belal H Chaudhry, Shoaib Hamid, Mohammad Hasan, Raza Sayani
Purpose Stricture formation at the biliary enteric anastomotic site is a common complication due to fibrotic healing. Few therapeutic options are available for biliary-enteric anastomotic site stricture (BES) including new surgical reconstruction or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage followed by balloon dilation of BES or stent placement. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical success, complications and reintervention rate of percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilatation (PTBD) of BES after iatrogenic bile duct injuries (BDI)...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697681/-minimally-invasive-management-of-biliary-leakage-after-cholecystectomy
#16
V F Kulikovsky, A L Yarosh, A A Karpachev, A V Soloshenko, S B Nikolayev, E P Bitenskaya, N A Linkov, A V Gnashko
AIM: To analyze treatment of patients with de novo extrahepatic bile ducts lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 37 patients with post-cholecystectomy biliary leakage which was confirmed intraoperatively and in postoperative period. Cystic duct stump failure was observed in 18 (55.3%) patients, marginal damage, complete intersection and excision of extrahepatic bile duct wall occurred in 7 (18.4%), 1 (2.6%) and 1 (2.6%) patients respectively. Injury of the duct of Lyushka was revelaed in 8 (21...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685633/late-benign-biliary-complications-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#17
Takaaki Ito, Teiichi Sugiura, Yukiyasu Okamura, Yusuke Yamamoto, Ryo Ashida, Takeshi Aramaki, Masahiro Endo, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Katsuhiko Uesaka
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy sometimes causes late benign biliary complications, such as biliary stricture and/or hepaticolithiasis, which require intervention. The risk factors and timing of late biliary complications remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to clarify the incidence, timing of occurrence, and risk factors for late biliary complications after pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: A total of 732 patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy between 2002 and 2016 were included in this retrospective study...
April 20, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685628/antegrade-papillotome-navigation-as-a-novel-next-line-approach-for-internalization-of-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage
#18
V Zimmer
There is an increasing rivalry between percutaneous transhepatic (PTBD) vs. endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) as rescue techniques after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) access. While EUS-BD procedures hold a bright future, innovations in PTBD technique are still possible and clinically meaningful, at least so, under the a conceptual framework understanding PTBD as a bridging, anatomy-respecting technology for definitive biliary metal stenting. This, however, calls for successful PTBD internalization as a sine qua non...
April 20, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685042/pancreatic-stent-insertion-after-an-unintentional-guidewire-cannulation-of-the-pancreatic-duct-during-ercp
#19
Jesús García-Cano, Miriam Viñuelas Chicano, María Del Moral Martínez, Marta Muñiz Muñoz, Claudio Murillo Matamoros, Miguel Suárez Matías, Laura Valiente González, Teresa Martínez Pérez, Raquel Martínez Fernández, Carmen Julia Gómez Ruiz, José Ignacio Pérez García, Julia Morillas Ariño
INTRODUCTION: the guidewire (GW) may enter the pancreatic duct during common bile duct (CBD) cannulation attempts in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). After GW passage into the pancreas, the most effective maneuver for CBD cannulation and pancreatitis prevention has not been determined. AIM: to study CBD cannulation and post-ERCP pancreatitis rates when a pancreatic stent is inserted after an unintentional GW cannulation of the pancreatic duct...
April 24, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676030/eus-guided-hepaticogastrostomy
#20
Masahiro Itonaga, Keiichi Hatamaru, Masayuki Kitano
Recently, EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), including rendezvous technique (EUS-RV), choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS), hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) and antegrade stenting (EUS-AG), is the modality of choice when ERCP fails (1,2). EUS-RV is limited in patients with an accessible ampulla. EUS-CDS is limited in patients with distal bile duct obstruction and normal gastrointestinal anatomy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 20, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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