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Biliary drainage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334530/antegrade-arterial-and-portal-flushing-versus-portal-flushing-only-for-right-lobe-live-donor-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-control-trial
#1
Viniyendra Pamecha, Rommel Sandhyav, Piyush Kumar Sinha, Kishore Gurumoorthy Subramanya Bharathy, Shridhar Sasturkar
INTRODUCTION: In live donor liver transplantation (LDLT) portal flush only of the graft is done on the bench. There is no data on antegrade arterial flush along with portal flush of the graft. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective right lobe LDLT were block-randomized to receive either portal flush only or both portal and antegrade arterial flush. The primary objectives were safety, rate of early allograft dysfunction (EAD), and impact on vascular and biliary complications RESULTS: After randomization there were 40 patients in each group...
January 12, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332405/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-after-a-failed-or-impossible-ercp
#2
Ana María Mora Soler, Alberto Álvarez Delgado, María Concepción Piñero Pérez, Antonio Velasco-Guardado, Marcos Prieto Héctor, Antonio Rodríguez Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) is an alternative to percutaneous trans-hepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in cases of failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: This is a retrospective description of six cases of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy (EUCD), as well as the clinical characteristics, endoscopic procedure, complications and monitoring. RESULTS: All cases had malignant distal biliary obstruction...
January 15, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317267/spiral-enteroscopy-assisted-ercp-in-bariatric-length-roux-en-y-anatomy-a-large-single-center-series-and-review-of-the-literature-with-video
#3
Mohammad F Ali, Rani Modayil, Krishna C Gurram, Collin Brathwaite, David Friedel, Stavros Stavropoulos
BACKGROUND: Deep enteroscopy-assisted ERCP (DEA-ERCP) in post-bariatric Roux-en-Y (RY) anatomy is challenging. Laparoscopy-assisted ERCP (LA-ERCP) or EUS-directed transgastric ERCP (EDGE) are technically easier and faster, but are more invasive and morbid procedures. Therefore, we have used DEA-ERCP as our first-line approach, reserving EDGE and LA-ERCP for cases in which adjunctive techniques that cannot be performed through an enteroscope are required (eg, EUS-FNA, SO manometry), or DEA-ERCP failures...
January 6, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313399/localized-intrahepatic-igg4-related-sclerosing-cholangitis-igg4-sc-as-an-additional-type-of-igg4-sc-a-systematic-analysis-of-12-cases
#4
Zhichao Mo, Kuvaneshan Ramen, Yunfeng Shan, Mengtao Zhou, Xiangwu Zheng, Xiuling Wu, Zhengping Yu, Xiaoke Ji, Qiyu Zhang, Qiqiang Zeng
OBJECTIVES: IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC), a recently defined disease entity, has been classified into four types based on the stricture regions revealed by cholangiography. However, localized intrahepatic IgG4-SC is not included into the classification. This study aimed to analyze and characterize localized intrahepatic IgG4-SC and justify the inclusion of this type into the classification. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched for studies published from March 2001 to June 2017 reporting localized intrahepatic IgG4-SC...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305738/efficacy-of-125i-versus-non-125i-combined-with-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-for-the-treatment-of-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-obstructive-jaundice
#5
REVIEW
Shuangxi Li, Xuewen He, Lei Dang, Fangyu Xu, Jin Fang, Fenqiang Li, Wenhui Wang
PURPOSE: To compare the therapeutic effects of 125I versus non-125I combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with obstructive jaundice. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using the records of 54 consecutive patients who were initially diagnosed with HCC with obstructive jaundice between May 2009 and July 2016. Twenty-one cases (group A) were treated with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) followed by 125I radioactive seed strip implantation through the PTBD tube...
January 5, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285386/scalp-recurrence-of-cholangiocarcinoma-after-curative-hepatectomy-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Enver Kunduz, Kursat Rahmi Seri N, Mesut Seker
Cholangiocarcinomas are the second most common primary liver malignancies. The lymphatics are the common route of metastatic spread for cholangiocarcinomas. The most frequent sites of metastasis are the liver, abdominal lymph nodes, peritoneum and lungs. Cutaneous metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma is rare, and most commonly occurs following percutaneous biliary drainage. Brain or skull metastases from this tumor are uncommon. However, these rare metastatic lesions may occasionally be the first disease manifestation, although scalp recurrence following curative treatment is uncommon...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258887/substantial-atherosclerotic-celiac-axis-stenosis-is-a-new-risk-factor-for-biliary-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#7
Yiran Zhou, Wei Wang, Yusheng Shi, Xiongxiong Lu, Qian Zhan, Hao Chen, Xiaxing Deng, Chenghong Peng, Baiyong Shen
BACKGROUND: Biliary fistula (BF) is a major surgical complication that can develop after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) whose risk factors remain unclear. Substantial atherosclerotic celiac axis stenosis (SACAS) has not been reported to be one of them. METHODS: Data from 507 patients undergoing PD between Jan 1, 2013 and Dec 31, 2015 were retrospectively collected. Clinical data from patients with SACAS were studied, and the independent risk factors for BF underwent multivariate logistic regression analysis, including SACAS...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251269/ii-brazilian-consensus-statement-on-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#8
Fauze Maluf-Filho, Joel Fernandez de Oliveira, Ernesto Quaresma Mendonça, Augusto Carbonari, Bruno Antônio Maciente, Bruno Chaves Salomão, Bruno Frederico Medrado, Carlos Marcelo Dotti, César Vivian Lopes, Cláudia Utsch Braga, Daniel Alencar M Dutra, Felipe Retes, Frank Nakao, Giovana Biasia de Sousa, Gustavo Andrade de Paulo, Jose Celso Ardengh, Juliana Bonfim Dos Santos, Luciana Moura Sampaio, Luciano Okawa, Lucio Rossini, Manoel Carlos de Brito Cardoso, Marco Antonio Ribeiro Camunha, Marcos Clarêncio, Marcos Eduardo Lera Dos Santos, Matheus Franco, Nutianne Camargo Schneider, Ramiro Mascarenhas, Rodrigo Roda, Sérgio Matuguma, Simone Guaraldi, Viviane Figueiredo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: At the time of its introduction in the early 80s, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) was indicated for diagnostic purposes. Recently, EUS has been employed to assist or to be the main platform of complex therapeutic interventions. METHODS: From a series of relevant new topics in the literature and based on the need to complement the I Brazilian consensus on EUS, twenty experienced endosonographers identified and reviewed the pertinent literature in databases...
November 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250585/evaluation-of-a-novel-hybrid-model-mumbai-eus-ii-for-stepwise-teaching-and-training-in-eus-guided-biliary-drainage-and-rendezvous-procedures
#9
Vinay Dhir, Takao Itoi, Nonthalee Pausawasdi, Mouen A Khashab, Manuel Perez-Miranda, Siyu Sun, Do Hyun Park, Takuji Iwashita, Anthony Y B Teoh, Amit P Maydeo, Khek Yu Ho
Background and aims:  EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) and rendezvous (EUS-RV) are acceptable rescue options for patients with failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, there are limited training opportunities at most centers owing to low case volumes. The existing models do not replicate the difficulties encountered during EUS-BD. We aimed to develop and validate a model for stepwise learning of EUS-BD and EUS-RV, which replicates the actual EUS-BD procedures...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249861/biliary-obstruction-endoscopic-approaches
#10
REVIEW
Jeffrey H Lee, Tomas DaVee
Painless jaundice is a harbinger of malignant biliary obstruction, with the majority of cases due to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Despite advances in treatment, including improved surgical techniques and neoadjuvant (preoperative) chemotherapy, long-term survival from pancreatic cancer is rare. This lack of significant improvement in outcomes is believed to be due to multiple reasons, including the advanced stage at diagnosis and lack of an adequate biomarker for screening and early detection, prior to the onset of jaundice or epigastric pain...
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249860/palliative-percutaneous-biliary-interventions-in-malignant-high-bile-duct-obstruction
#11
REVIEW
Amy R Deipolyi, Anne M Covey
The optimal palliative intervention for malignant biliary obstruction is internal drainage by placement of a metallic stent. For patients with hilar biliary obstruction or low bile duct obstruction in whom endoscopy is not feasible, a percutaneous transhepatic approach in interventional radiology is preferred. This article reviews the rationale for this approach, periprocedural management, and techniques to optimize stent patency.
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231757/structured-protocol-for-benign-biliary-anastomotic-strictures-impact-on-long-term-clinical-effectiveness
#12
Will S Lindquester, J David Prologo, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Gail L Peters
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare long-term clinical effectiveness before and after implementation of a structured protocol for percutaneous drainage of benign anastomotic biliary strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred five adult patients undergoing percutaneous biliary drainage for biliary anastomotic strictures between 1994 and 2015 were identified using Current Procedural Terminology billing codes, with 234 undergoing intervention before implementation of a structured protocol and 71 undergoing intervention after implementation of the protocol...
December 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230246/usefulness-of-endoscopic-managements-in-patients-with-ceftriaxone-induced-pseudolithiasis-causing-biliary-obstruction
#13
Yasuhiro Doi, Yasushi Takii, Hiroyuki Ito, Norihiko Jingu, Kentaro To, Sinichiro Kimura, Koichi Kimura, Kensaku Sanefuji, Hirofumi Ikeda, Sayaka Tachibana, Takeshi Otsuka
Ceftriaxone (CTRX) is known to cause reversible biliary stones/sludge, which is called biliary pseudolithiasis. We report two rare cases of biliary obstruction by pseudolithiasis shortly after completing CTRX treatment. Stones and sludge, which had not been detected before CTRX administration, appeared in the gallbladder and common bile duct and led to biliary obstruction and acute cholangitis. The obstructions were successfully treated with endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage and endoscopic sphincterotomy...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229510/opacification-of-nondilated-bile-ducts-through-the-gallbladder-as-an-aid-to-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage
#14
K Ozturk, O F Nas, E Soylu, K Hacikurt, C Erdogan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the potential of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients with nondilated bile ducts (NDBD) using a transgallbladder opacification of the bile ducts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients with NDBD (7 men, 1 women; median age, 65 years; Q1-Q3, 35-69 years; range, 22-77 years) who underwent PTBD after opacification of the bile ducts through the gallbladder were evaluated. Opacification of NDBD was performed using a retrograde injection of contrast material through the gallbladder...
December 8, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226107/cholangitis-diagnosis-treatment-and-prognosis
#15
REVIEW
Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh
Cholangitis is a serious life-threatening situation affecting the hepatobiliary system. This review provides an update regarding the clinical and pathological features of various forms of cholangitis. A comprehensive search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge databases. It was found that the etiology and pathogenesis of cholangitis are heterogeneous. Cholangitis can be categorized as primary sclerosing (PSC), secondary (acute) cholangitis, and a recently characterized form, known as IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224663/obstruction-of-the-biliary-and-urinary-system
#16
William O'Connell, Jay Shah, Jason Mitchell, J David Prologo, Louis Martin, Michael J Miller, Jonathan G Martin
Biliary and urinary obstructions can be managed endoscopically or cystoscopically, surgically or by percutansous intervention or drainage. If the obtructed system is infected, emergent decompression is needed. Early recognition and treatment is paramount in both conditions. Acute cholangitis can present many different ways, from mild symptoms to fulminant sepsis. It is usually a result of ascending bacterial colonization and biliary obstruction resulting in bacterial overgrowth. Therefore, those patients with recent biliary instrumentation or previous biliary modification are at higher risk...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224266/-application-of-liver-three-dimensional-visualization-technologies-in-the-treatment-planning-of-hepatic-malignant-tumor
#17
P P Li, Z H Wang, G Huang, Z P Huang, Y Li, J S Ni, H Liu, C H Fang, W P Zhou
Objective: To discuss the application of three dimentional(3D)visualization technologies in treatment plan of hepatic malignant tumor. Methods: The clinical data of 300 patients with liver malignant tumor who received treatment from January 2016 to January 2017 in the Third Department of Hepatic Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital was retrospectively analyzed in this study, including 221 male and 79 female patients aged from 7 to 76 years with median age of 54 years. The median height was 168 cm (115-183 cm), the median weight was 65 kg (20-105 kg) and the median tumor volume was 142 ml (23-2 493 ml)...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224265/-analysis-on-the-clinical-therapeutic-effects-of-arterial-first-approach-pancreatoduodenectomy-in-the-treatment-of-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#18
G Jin, K L Zheng, S W Guo, Z Shao, C Liu, X H Shi, R D Liu, S J Bai, H Jiang, Y Bian, X G Hu
Objective: To compare the clinical therapeutic effects of arterial first approach pancreaticoduodenectomy(AFA-PD) with standard approach pancreaticoduodenectomy(SPD) in the treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC). Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 113 cases of pancreatic cancer patients from January 2014 to August 2015 at Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, including 43 cases in AFA-PD group and 70 cases in SPD group...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222963/preoperative-biliary-drainage-adversely-affects-surgical-outcomes-in-periampullary-cancer-a-retrospective-and-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#19
Hongeun Lee, Youngmin Han, Jae Ri Kim, Wooil Kwon, Sun-Whe Kim, Jin-Young Jang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The use of PBD for managing patients with periampullary cancer awaiting surgery remains controversial. The impact of PBD status and type on surgical outcomes has not been established, leading to a lack of consensus. We aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) on short-term surgical outcomes in curatively resected periampullary cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from patients undergoing curative periampullary cancer resection...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222602/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage-using-a-newly-designed-metal-stent-with-a-thin-delivery-system-a-preclinical-study-in-phantom-and-porcine-models
#20
Kosuke Minaga, Masayuki Kitano, Masahiro Itonaga, Hajime Imai, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Takashi Tamura, Junya Nuta, Kenji Warigaya, Masatoshi Kudo
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a newly designed self-expandable metal stent for endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) when it was delivered via three different stent delivery systems: a 7.5Fr delivery catheter with a bullet-shaped tip (7.5Fr-bullet), a 7Fr catheter with a bullet-shaped tip (7Fr-bullet), or a 7Fr catheter with a tee-shaped tip (7Fr-tee). METHODS: This experimental study utilized a porcine model of biliary dilatation involving ten pigs...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
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