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Biliary drainage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329919/-chemotherapy-for-biliary-tract-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Sang Myung Woo
The term of biliary tract cancer (BTC) refers to all tumors that arise from the biliary tract or the biliary drainage system, including the intra- and extra-hepatic bile ducts as well as the gallbladder. BTCs are aggressive tumors with limited treatment options and poor overall survival. Currently, surgery remains to be the only potentially curative treatment, and most patients develop recurrence. For advanced tumors, only limited effective treatment modalities exist today. Gemcitabine plus cisplatin is considered as a standard option for advanced biliary cancer...
March 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329918/-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage
#2
REVIEW
Hyeong Seok Nam, Dae Hwan Kang
The therapeutic role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has continued to evolve in recent years. EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) can be performed as an effective alternative to percutaneous drainage or surgical options when conventional Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography fails or is not possible. Depending on the access and exit routes of the stent, multiple approaches to EUS-BD have been proposed. Each patient should receive an individualized approach based on the patient's condition, anatomy, and endoscopist's experience, with an appropriate backup prepared...
March 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320549/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage-in-malignant-distal-obstruction-of-the-common-bile-duct
#3
A Membrillo-Romero, M L Altamirano-Castañeda, A Muñoz-Bautista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317208/current-status-of-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound
#4
REVIEW
Shomei Ryozawa, Naotaka Fujita, Atsushi Irisawa, Yoshiki Hirooka, Tetsuya Mine
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is being used increasingly in the management of pancreatic fluid collection, biliary and pancreatic duct drainage in cases of failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, drainage of the gallbladder, and other conditions. The role of interventional EUS is rapidly expanding and new interventions are continuously emerging. The development of devices could be a major breakthrough in the field of interventional EUS. New devices would enable the expansion of its role even further and prompt its widespread use in clinical practice...
March 20, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302441/percutaneous-transhepatic-cholangiographic-endobiliary-forceps-biopsy-versus-endoscopic-ultrasound-fine-needle-aspiration-for-proximal-biliary-strictures-a-single-centre-experience
#5
Kayvan Mohkam, Yaseen Malik, Carlos Derosas, John Isaac, Ravi Marudanayagam, Homoyoon Mehrzad, Darius F Mirza, Paolo Muiesan, Keith J Roberts, Robert P Sutcliffe
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiographic endobiliary forceps biopsy (PTC-EFB) are valid procedures for histological assessment of proximal biliary strictures (PBS), but their performances have never been compared. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of these two techniques. METHOD: The diagnostic performances of EUS-FNA and PTC-EFB were compared in a retrospective cohort of patients assessed for PBS from 2011 to 2015 at a single tertiary centre...
March 13, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291716/the-relevance-of-readmissions-after-common-ir-procedures-readmission-rates-and-association-with-early-mortality
#6
Ammar Sarwar, Lujia Zhou, Nihara Chakrala, Olga R Brook, Jeffrey L Weinstein, Max P Rosen, Muneeb Ahmed
PURPOSE: To determine all-cause readmission rates for 12 IR procedures and association of time to readmission with risk-adjusted 90-day mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients discharged after 12 inpatient IR procedures at a tertiary-care hospital between June 2008 and May 2013 (N = 4,163) were categorized as no readmission (n = 1,479; 40.5%) or readmission between 0 and 7 (n = 379; 10.4%), 8 and 30 (n = 650; 17.8%), 31 and 60 (n = 378; 10.3%), 61 and 90 (n = 169; 4...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290140/preoperative-cholangitis-affects-survival-outcome-in-patients-with-extrahepatic-bile-duct-cancer
#7
Masayuki Akita, Tetsuo Ajiki, Taku Matsumoto, Kenta Shinozaki, Tadahiro Goto, Sadaki Asari, Hirochika Toyama, Masahiro Kido, Takumi Fukumoto, Yonson Ku
BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether preoperative cholangitis affects long-term outcomes after resection in patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer. METHODS: A total of 107 patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer who underwent resection with curative intent from 2008 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized into two groups according to the presence or absence of preoperative cholangitis. Clinicopathological variables and long-term outcomes were compared in the two groups...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289939/patient-dose-in-interventional-radiology-a-multicentre-study-of-the-most-frequent-procedures-in-france
#8
Cécile Etard, Emeline Bigand, Cécile Salvat, Vincent Vidal, Jean Paul Beregi, Amaury Hornbeck, Joël Greffier
OBJECTIVES: A national retrospective survey on patient doses was performed by the French Society of Medical physicists to assess reference levels (RLs) in interventional radiology as required by the European Directive 2013/59/Euratom. METHODS: Fifteen interventional procedures in neuroradiology, vascular radiology and osteoarticular procedures were analysed. Kerma area product (KAP), fluoroscopy time (FT), reference air kerma and number of images were recorded for 10 to 30 patients per procedure...
March 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280622/high-dose-chemoradiation-for-unresectable-hilar-cholangiocarcinomas-using-intensity-modulated-external-beam-radiotherapy-a-single-tertiary-care-centre-experience
#9
Reena Engineer, Shaesta Mehta, Nikhil Kalyani, Suresh Chaudhari, Tejas Dharia, Nitin Shetty, Supriya Chopra, Mahesh Goel, Suyash Kulkarni, Shyam Kishore Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: We present results of patients diagnosed with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinomas treated with high dose radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy. METHODS: From Aug 2005 to Dec 2012, 68 consecutive patients were treated. Fifty patients (group 1) presenting to us with obstructive jaundice were planned for endobiliary brachytherapy (EBBT 14 Gy) followed external beam radiotherapy (EBRT 45 Gy). Twenty-two patients (group 2) who had previously undergone biliary drainage underwent EBRT (57 Gy)...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275308/success-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-palliating-patients-with-nonresectable-cholangiocarcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Harsha Moole, Harsha Tathireddy, Sirish Dharmapuri, Vishnu Moole, Raghuveer Boddireddy, Pratyusha Yedama, Sowmya Dharmapuri, Achuta Uppu, Naveen Bondalapati, Abhiram Duvvuri
AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on clinical outcomes of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in non-resectable cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Included studies compared outcomes with photodynamic therapy and biliary stenting (PDT group) vs biliary stenting only (BS group) in palliation of non-resectable cholangiocarcinoma. Articles were searched in MEDLINE, PubMed, and EMBASE. Pooled proportions were calculated using fixed and random effects model. Heterogeneity among studies was assessed using the I(2) statistic...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275292/common-controversies-in-management-of-biliary-strictures
#11
EDITORIAL
Mansour A Parsi
Biliary strictures are caused by a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant conditions, each requiring a specific treatment approach. Management of biliary strictures often involves endoscopy either for definite treatment, as a bridge to surgery or for palliative purposes. Endoscopic treatment of various types of biliary strictures is not standardized and there are multiple areas of controversy regarding the best treatment options. These controversies are mainly due to lack of well-designed comparative studies to support a specific therapy...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261778/an-unusual-appearance-of-complicated-hydatid-cyst-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#12
Hasan Ediz Sıkar, Levent Kaptanoğlu, Metin Kement
Hydatid acute pancreatitis is a rare condition and always presents as consequence of acute edematous pancreatitis. Intrabiliary rupture of hepatic hydatid cysts and obstruction of papillary orifice with hydatid membrane is possible mechanism. A 49-year-old man was admitted with epigastric and right upper quadrant pain, nausea, and vomiting. Computed tomography scan showed 5 x 5 cm cyst in left hepatic lobe, which had ruptured into the biliary tract and caused necrotizing pancreatitis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography trial failed...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261440/biliary-strictures-endoscopic-assessment-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Bharat Paranandi, Kofi W Oppong
The diagnosis of biliary strictures can be challenging. Endoscopy has an established role in the diagnosis and therapy of biliary strictures. However, the diagnostic yield from conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography tissue sampling is modest. Improvements in existing technologies as well as the implementation of novel technologies and techniques have the potential to improve the diagnostic performance of endoscopy and expand its therapeutic role. Recent studies have enabled greater clarity about the role of preoperative biliary drainage and the choice of stents in this setting as well as the utility of metal stents in benign and malignant disease...
April 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253726/morbidity-mortality-and-long-term-survival-in-patients-with-vascular-resection-in-pancreatic-cancer-single-center-experience
#14
D PinDAk, M TomAS, J DolnIk, R DuchoN, J Pavlendova
Although venous resection in pancreatic cancer is widely used method, recently published data about its safety and survival benefit showed conflicting results. A retrospective case matched study was performed to compare the results of patients who underwent venous resection to those with no venous resection during radical surgery in pancreatic cancer.From January 2010 to December 2015, 297 pancreatic resections due to pancreatic tumor were performed in the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Fifty-three patients with venous resection were identified and enrolled into the study and matched with 66 patients without vascular resection during radical resection of pancreatic head/body cancer...
March 3, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251661/reduced-complication-rates-of-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-with-ultrasound-guidance
#15
Andrej Wagner, Christian Mayr, Tobias Kiesslich, Frieder Berr, Paul Friesenbichler, Gernot W Wolkersdörfer
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the benefits of adding ultrasound (US) guidance to the standard fluoroscopically assisted percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (F-PTBD). We also performed a systematic literature review of success and complication rates of US-PTBD in a wide field of indications. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 81 US-PTBDs carried out in our institution, 74% of which were part of the management of malignancy. In addition, we compared our results with those of a total of 5,272 procedures (3,779 F-PTBD and 1,493 US-PTBD) reported in the literature...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246589/difficult-endoscopic-diagnosis-of-a-pancreatic-plasmacytoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Nicolas Williet, Radwan Kassir, Muriel Cuilleron, Olivier Dumas, Leslie Rinaldi, Karine Augeul-Meunier, Michèle Cottier, Xavier Roblin, Jean-Marc Phelip
A 71-year-old man, with history of plasmacytoma in relapse since one year, was hospitalized for a initial presentation of acute pancreatitis and hepatitis. Although there was a heterogeneous infiltration around the pancreas head, the diagnosis of an extramedullary localization of his plasmacytoma was not made until later. This delayed diagnosis was due to the lack of specific radiologic features and the lack of dilatation of biliary ducts at the admission. A diagnosis was made with a simple ultrasound guided paracentesis of the low abundance ascites after a transjugular hepatic biopsy, an endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the pancreatic mass, and a failed attempt of biliary drainage through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
February 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246547/salvage-therapy-using-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-recalcitrant-anastomotic-strictures-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#17
Sung Ill Jang, Se Yong Sung, Hyunsung Park, Kwang-Hun Lee, Seung-Moon Joo, Dong Ki Lee
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increase in clinical success rates using nonsurgical methods to resolve anastomotic biliary strictures (ABSs) that develop after liver transplantation (LT). However, some strictures are particularly refractory and cannot be completely resolved by an endoscopic or percutaneous procedure. Consequently, the aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of using a newly designed fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) to resolve refractory ABS...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240463/incidence-and-management-of-postoperative-bile-leaks-a-prospective-cohort-analysis-of-467-liver-resections
#18
A J Dell, J E J Krige, E Jonas, S R Thomson, S J Beningfield, U K Kotze, S A Tromp, S Burmeister, M M Bernon, P C Bornman
BACKGROUND: Bile leaks from the parenchymal transection margin are a major cause of morbidity following major liver resections. The aim of this study was to benchmark the incidence and identify the risk factors for postoperative bile leakage after hepatic resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective database of 467 consecutive liver resections performed by the University of Cape Town HPB surgical unit between January 1990 and January 2016 was analysed. The relationship of demographic, clinical and perioperative factors to the development of bile leakage was determined...
September 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230033/postoperative-infectious-complications-after-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Yuan Zhao, Yi Jin, Yueming Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative infectious complications after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma by logistic regression analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six hepatocellular carcinoma patients who received surgery were retrospectively reviewed and included in this study. Of the included 166 patients, 42 patients had the postoperative infectious complications (case group) and other 124 patients did not develop postoperative infection (control group)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229504/excretion-of-necrotic-hepatocellular-carcinoma-tissues-into-the-biliary-system-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization
#20
Shiro Miyayama, Masashi Yamashiro, Keiichi Nagai, Akira Yokka, Miki Yoshida, Naoko Sakuragawa, Taku Sanada, Kazuo Notsumata
AIM: To evaluate the incidence and condition of necrotic tumor excretion into the biliary system in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) >5 cm treated with conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: Eighty-three patients who underwent TACE for newly developed HCC >5 cm without an intraductal tumor thrombus and were followed-up by CT for longer than 6 months were eligible. According to the location, the maximum tumors were divided into central (in contact with the left or right hepatic duct, n = 39) or peripheral (not in contact with them, n = 44)...
February 23, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
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