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royal college of obstetricians and gynecologists

R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Ruth Shaylor, Carolyn F Weiniger, Naola Austin, Alexander Tzabazis, Aryeh Shander, Lawrence T Goodnough, Alexander J Butwick
In developed countries, rates of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) requiring transfusion have been increasing. As a result, anesthesiologists are being increasingly called upon to assist with the management of patients with severe PPH. First responders, including anesthesiologists, may adopt Patient Blood Management (PBM) recommendations of national societies or other agencies. However, it is unclear whether national and international obstetric societies' PPH guidelines account for contemporary PBM practices. We performed a qualitative review of PBM recommendations published by the following national obstetric societies and international groups: the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, United Kingdom; The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; The Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada; an interdisciplinary group of experts from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland, an international multidisciplinary consensus group, and the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Elgerta Ismaili, Sally Walsh, Patrick Michael Shaughn O'Brien, Torbjorn Bäckström, Candace Brown, Lorraine Dennerstein, Elias Eriksson, Ellen W Freeman, Khaled M K Ismail, Nicholas Panay, Teri Pearlstein, Andrea Rapkin, Meir Steiner, John Studd, Inger Sundström-Paromma, Jean Endicott, C Neill Epperson, Uriel Halbreich, Robert Reid, David Rubinow, Peter Schmidt, Kimberley Yonkers
Whilst professional bodies such as the Royal College and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have well-established standards for audit of management for most gynaecology disorders, such standards for premenstrual disorders (PMDs) have yet to be developed. The International Society of Premenstrual Disorders (ISPMD) has already published three consensus papers on PMDs covering areas that include definition, classification/quantification, clinical trial design and management (American College Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2011; Brown et al...
December 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Ekachai Kovavisarach, Kamut Ruttanapan
BACKGROUND: The attitude of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (OB-GYNs) towards performing cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR) together with their preferred route of delivery for themselves or their wives is considered as important responsible factors of increasing cesarean delivery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the attitudes of Thai Obstetricians and Gynecologists with regard to their self-preferred route of delivery, willingness to perform cesarean delivery on maternal request, and associated factors...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
M Wölter, C Röwer, C Koy, W Rath, U Pecks, M O Glocker
: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality and contributes substantially to medically indicated preterm birth; preventing fetal death. Molecular profiling of the mothers' peripheral blood was desired to monitor the health conditions of the fetuses. To develop such a minimally invasive assay, we applied a protein affinity fractionation method to peripheral blood serum samples from pregnant women belonging to either the IUGR or to the control group...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Małgorzata Radoń-Pokracka, Hubert Huras, Robert Jach
The prevalence of low birth weight affects approximately 3-10% of live-born newborns in developed countries and in developing countries it affects 15-20% of newborns. The most common cause of low birth weight is considered to intrauterine fetal growth resctriction. Low birth weight is responsible for 69.6% of stillbirths and for 66.4% of neonatal deaths. The purpose of this paper is to review reliable scientific data in order to summarize the current guidelines on intrauterine fetal growth restriction, addressed to obstetricians...
2015: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Srdjan Saso, Alex Clarke, Timothy Bracewell-Milnes, Maya Al-Memar, Ali Hassan Hamed, Meen-Yau Thum, Sadaf Ghaem-Maghami, Giuseppe Del Priore, J Richard Smith
CONTEXT: Currently, the only 2 options that women with absolute uterine factor infertility have for managing their infertility are surragocy or adoption. These women may also benefit from a possible future third option: uterine transplant. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the opinions and views of UK health care professionals toward uterine transplant and rank issues related to uterine transplant by importance in order to make uterine transplant transparent and understandable to colleagues...
March 2015: Progress in Transplantation
Joshua D Dahlke, Hector Mendez-Figueroa, Lindsay Maggio, Alisse K Hauspurg, Jeffrey D Sperling, Suneet P Chauhan, Dwight J Rouse
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare 4 national guidelines for the prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a descriptive analysis of guidelines from the American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists practice bulletin, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the Royal College of Obstetrician and Gynaecologists (RCOG), and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada on PPH to determine differences, if any, with regard to definitions, risk factors, prevention, treatment, and resuscitation...
July 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sasivimol Srisukho, Theera Tongsong, Kasemsri Srisupundit
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of adherence to guidelines on the diagnosis of cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) in Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The database ofpregnant women who underwent cesarean delivery due to CPD between 2010 and 2012 was reviewed The degree of adherence to guidelines on the CPD diagnosis was recorded The guidelines were from Royal Thai College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RTCOG) and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) as gold standard criteria for CPD diagnosis...
October 2014: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Raul Artal
The global obesity epidemic continues unabated, now rapidly expanding to developing countries. Multiple comorbidities and premature mortality are associated with obesity, most frequently diabetes. The associated financial and economical burden is escalating as well. The sedentary lifestyle adopted by many pregnant women because of traditional practices and the current recommendation for gestational weight gain are contributing factors to the obesity and diabetes epidemic. Physical inactivity is recognized as an independent risk factor for obesity insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes; the physiological and hormonal changes associated with pregnancy magnify this risk...
January 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Julia Unterscheider, Keelin O'Donoghue, Fergal D Malone
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare recommendations from recently published national clinical guidelines for pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical guidelines informing best practice management of pregnancies with FGR issued by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in the United Kingdom are reviewed together with the published literature on this topic...
March 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
Larissa Santos Oliveira, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Silvana Maria Quintana, Geraldo Duarte, Alessandra Cristina Marcolin
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Despite all the medical care provided during delivery labor, perineal injury is still prevalent and may lead to diverse pelvic floor disorders. The aim here was to investigate the prevalence of obstetric and anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) in healthy pregnant women after vaginal delivery. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study involving 3,034 patients with singletons in a secondary hospital for low-risk cases. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was prepared and applied to medical files that had been completely filled out (classification of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, RCOG) in order to identify OASIS and analyze risk factors associated with mild and severe perineal lacerations...
2014: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Alexandra Hansen, Suneet P Chauhan
Though subjective in nature, both the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists practice bulletin and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists green guideline are in agreement on the descriptor of shoulder dystocia: requirement of additional obstetric maneuvers when gentle downward traction has failed to affect the delivery of the shoulders. The rate of shoulder dystocia is about 1.4% of all deliveries and 0.7% for vaginal births. Compared to non-diabetics (0.6%), among diabetics, the rate of impacted shoulders is 201% higher (1...
June 2014: Seminars in Perinatology
Cassandra E Henderson, Reena R Shah, Sri Gottimukkala, Khaldun K Ferreira, Abraham Hamaoui, Ray Mercado
The Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology does not endorse routine active management of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP)-affected pregnancies. In contrast, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports active management protocols for ICP. To investigate this controversy, we evaluated the evidence supporting ICP as a medical indication for early term delivery and the evolution of active management protocols for ICP. Sixteen articles published between 1986 and 2011 were identified...
September 2014: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Vijayan Valayatham, Raman Subramaniam, Yap Moy Juan, Patrick Chia
OBJECTIVE: Analyze indications and type of prenatal diagnostic procedures performed. METHOD: This retrospective audit was conducted at a dedicated fetal medicine center in Petaling Jaya. All invasive prenatal diagnosis procedures performed from 2003 up until 2010 (amniocentesis, chorionic villous sampling and fetal blood sampling) were analyzed. RESULT: A total of 1560 invasive prenatal diagnostic procedures were performed during the 8 year period...
August 2013: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Nourah Al Qahtani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will address fertility and pregnancy outcome in women with history of uterine rupture. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing rates of primary Cesarean delivery and vaginal birth after one or more Cesarean sections will lead to higher rates of uterine rupture. Recent advances in reproductive medicine, open fetal surgery and gynecological surgery may also play a role in increasing uterine rupture rate. The implementation of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines on birth after Cesarean section will decrease the Cesarean section rate but may transiently increase the rate of uterine rupture...
June 2013: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Viola Seravalli, Adalgisa Cordisco, Giada Consorti, Federico Mecacci, Francesca Rizzello
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of five different classification systems for interpreting electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) when predicting neonatal status at birth, as determined by the umbilical cord arterial pH. METHODS: Ninety-seven cardiotocography traces were retrospectively interpreted according to five classification systems for EFM: Dublin Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring Trial (DFHRMT), Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RCOG), Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC), National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and Parer & Ikeda's...
March 2013: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Suneet P Chauhan, Cande V Ananth
Approximately 1 in 4 women in the United States are induced, with up to 1 in 10-12 being induced for elective reasons. National guidelines by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Society of Obstetricians Gynaecologists of Canada, and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists list 21 indications for inductions; however, all 3 concur in only 14% women (3 of 21). An induction should be considered appropriate if it meets the following 4 criteria: (1) concordant with women's autonomous informed decisions and desideratum; (2) optimizes maternal-fetal outcomes, including psychological maternal well-being; (3) congruous with evidence-based medicine; and (4) cost-effective...
October 2012: Seminars in Perinatology
Heinrich Husslein, Bettina Moswitzer, Heinz Leipold, Manfred Moertl, Christof Worda
UNLABELLED: Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to assess whether low placental weight is associated with higher risk of emergency delivery (cesarean section and vacuum-assisted delivery). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, including 657 normally developed term pregnancies. A strict methodology was used to provide reliable and reproducible placental weight measurement. Fetal heart rate patterns were analyzed according to the guidelines of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists...
November 2012: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Milena Garofalo, Haim A Abenhaim
The optimal timing for cord clamping, early versus delayed, in the third stage of labour is a controversial subject. Issues surrounding the timing of cord clamping include gestational age and maternal and neonatal considerations. Delayed cord clamping (DCC) has been shown to increase placental transfusion, leading to an increase in neonatal blood volume at birth of approximately 30%. In the term infant, although this may result in an increase in iron stores, thereby decreasing the risk of anemia, it may adversely increase the risk of jaundice and the need for phototherapy...
June 2012: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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