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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815746/matthew-baillie-s-specimens-and-engravings
#1
Caitlin Spear, Maggie Reilly, Stuart W McDonald
In 1799, Matthew Baillie, William Hunter's nephew, published his famous atlas of pathology. It was entitled A Series of Engravings Accompanied with Explanations which are Intended to Illustrate the Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body. The present study aims to match the illustrations to extant specimens in the collections of William and John Hunter, preserved at the University of Glasgow and at the Royal College of Surgeons of England respectively. Baillie's book contains 10 fasciculi, consisting of 73 plates and 206 figures...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813003/self-assessment-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-primary-care-self-reported-practice-using-the-target-primary-care-self-assessment-tool
#2
Rebecca Owens, Leah Ffion Jones, Michael Moore, Dirk Pilat, Cliodna McNulty
Multifaceted antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions including: antibiotic guidance, reviews of antibiotic use using audits, education, patient facing materials, and self-assessment, are successful in improving antimicrobial use. We aimed to measure the self-reported AMS activity of staff completing a self-assessment tool (SAT). The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP)/Public Health England (PHE) SAT enables participants considering an AMS eLearning course to answer 12 short questions about their AMS activities...
August 16, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811927/premature-deaths-among-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-after-discharge-from-long-term-hospitalisation-in-japan-a-naturalistic-observation-during-a-24-year-period
#3
Shinsuke Kondo, Yousuke Kumakura, Akiko Kanehara, Daisuke Nagato, Taro Ueda, Tsuneo Matsuoka, Yukiko Tao, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Premature death in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) in countries without nationally collected data, including Japan, is structurally underreported. AIMS: To elucidate excess mortality among individuals with SMI in Japan. METHOD: We retrospectively investigated all deaths among users of a non-clinical community-based mental health service provider in suburban Tokyo from 1992 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, 45 individuals died among 254 qualified registrants...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811926/postinjection-delirium-sedation-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-olanzapine-long-acting-injection-results-from-a-large-observational-study
#4
Kristin J Meyers, Himanshu P Upadhyaya, John L Landry, Rashna Chhabra-Khanna, Deborah M Falk, Balasubramanya Seetharama Rao, Meghan E Jones
BACKGROUND: Postinjection delirium/sedation syndrome (PDSS) has been reported uncommonly during treatment with olanzapine long-acting injection (LAI), a sustained-release formulation of olanzapine. AIMS: The primary aim of the study was to estimate the incidence per injection and per patient of PDSS events in adult patients with schizophrenia who were receiving olanzapine LAI in real-world clinical practice. Secondary aims were to further characterise the clinical presentation of PDSS events, to identify potential risk factors associated with PDSS events and to characterise hospitalisations at baseline and post-baseline...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#5
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796553/british-society-for-gene-and-cell-therapy-annual-conference-and-joint-uk-regenerative-medicine-platform-meeting-royal-welsh-college-of-music-drama-cardiff-wales-united-kingdom-wednesday-april-19-friday-april-21-2017-conference-abstracts
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794897/uncovering-capgras-delusion-using-a-large-scale-medical-records-database
#7
Vaughan Bell, Caryl Marshall, Zara Kanji, Sam Wilkinson, Peter Halligan, Quinton Deeley
BACKGROUND: Capgras delusion is scientifically important but most commonly reported as single case studies. Studies analysing large clinical records databases focus on common disorders but none have investigated rare syndromes. AIMS: Identify cases of Capgras delusion and associated psychopathology, demographics, cognitive function and neuropathology in light of existing models. METHOD: Combined computational data extraction and qualitative classification using 250 000 case records from South London and Maudsley Clinical Record Interactive Search (CRIS) database...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794896/prevalence-of-and-associations-with-agitation-in-residents-with-dementia-living-in-care-homes-marque-cross-sectional-study
#8
Gill Livingston, Julie Barber, Louise Marston, Penny Rapaport, Deborah Livingston, Sian Cousins, Sarah Robertson, Francesca La Frenais, Claudia Cooper
BACKGROUND: Agitation is reportedly the most common neuropsychiatric symptom in care home residents with dementia. AIMS: To report, in a large care home survey, prevalence and determinants of agitation in residents with dementia. METHOD: We interviewed staff from 86 care homes between 13 January 2014 and 12 November 2015 about residents with dementia with respect to agitation (Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI)), quality of life (DEMQOL-proxy) and dementia severity (Clinical Dementia Rating)...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794012/surgeon-major-thomas-heazle-parke-1857-1893-irish-doctor-soldier-and-explorer
#9
EDITORIAL
Andrew Parke
Surgeon Major Thomas Heazle Parke (1857-1893) was a doctor from Drumsna, County Roscommon, who after completing his education at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland joined the British army as a medical officer. After several years of serving in Ireland and Egypt, he volunteered to be medical officer of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition of 1887-1889. This was to become Henry Morton Stanley's largest, longest and most controversial African expedition. The epic journey saw Stanley, his eight European officers and 800 African porters take almost 3 years to cross the African continent from West to East via the Congo River, Southern Sudan and Uganda...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774520/partnering-to-develop-a-continuing-professional-development-program-in-a-low-resource-setting-cambodia
#10
Heather G Mack, Ngy Meng, Tanya Parsons, Gerhard Schlenther, Neil Murray, Richard Hart
OBJECTIVE: To design and implement a continuing professional development (CPD) program for Cambodian ophthalmologists. DESIGN: Partnering (twinning) between the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists (RANZCO) and the Cambodian Ophthalmological Society (COS). PARTICIPANTS: Practicing ophthalmologists in Cambodia. METHODS: A conjoint committee comprising 4 ophthalmologists from RANZCO and 3 ophthalmologists from COS was established, supported by a RANZCO administrative team experienced in CPD administration...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765404/evaluation-of-feedback-given-to-trainees-in-medical-specialties
#11
Tony Ck Tham, Bill Burr, Mairead Boohan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of feedback provided to specialty trainees (ST3 or higher) in medical specialties during their workplace-based assessments (WBAs). The feedback given in WBAs was examined in detail in a group of 50 ST3 or higher trainees randomly selected from those taking part in a pilot study of changes to the WBA system conducted by the Joint Royal Colleges of Physicians Training Board. They were based in Health Education Northeast (Northern Deanery) and Health Education East of England (Eastern Deanery)...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765402/monitoring-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-cancer-survivors
#12
Ambika Kapoor, Vineet Prakash, Mallika Sekhar, Diana M Greenfield, Matthew Hatton, Michael Ej Lean, Pankaj Sharma, Thang S Han
There exist published literature for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk monitoring in cancer survivors but the extent of monitoring in clinical oncology practice is unknown. We performed an interactive survey at a Royal College of Physicians conference (11 November 2016) attended by practitioners with an interest in late effects of cancer treatment and supplemented the survey with an audit among 32 lung cancer survivors treated at St Peter's NHS Hospital in 2012-2016. Among the practitioners, 40% reported CVD risk monitoring performed at least annually, which is compatible with European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Guidelines, but 31% indicated that monitoring was never performed...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760403/health-related-quality-of-life-for-immediate-versus-delayed-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-non-curable-prostate-cancer-trog-03-06-and-vcog-pr-01-03-toad-a-randomised-multicentre-non-blinded-phase-3-trial
#13
Gillian M Duchesne, Henry H Woo, Madeleine King, Steven J Bowe, Martin R Stockler, Alice Ames, Catherine D'Este, Mark Frydenberg, Andrew Loblaw, Shawn Malone, Jeremy Millar, Keen Hun Tai, Sandra Turner
BACKGROUND: Androgen-deprivation therapy in patients with prostate cancer who have relapsed with rising prostate-specific antigen concentration only (PSA-only relapse), or with non-curable but asymptomatic disease at diagnosis, could adversely affect quality of life at a time when the disease itself does not. We aimed to compare the effect of immediate versus delayed androgen-deprivation therapy on health-related quality of life over 5 years in men enrolled in the TOAD (Timing of Androgen Deprivation) trial...
July 28, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755100/point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-canadian-anesthesiology-residency-programs-a-national-survey-of-program-directors
#14
Daniel Mok, Stephan K W Schwarz, Kevin Rondi
PURPOSE: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is a useful tool with multiple perioperative applications relevant to the anesthesiologist. Nevertheless, the full scope of POCUS applications has yet to be formally incorporated into Canadian anesthesiology training. The purpose of this study was to determine the current state of POCUS training in Canadian anesthesiology residency programs. METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey of program directors from Royal College-accredited anesthesiology residency programs across Canada...
July 28, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745970/are-health-visiting-and-school-nursing-in-crisis
#15
Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses a report from the Royal College of Nursing on the significant decline in the number of school nurses and health visitors.
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742690/do-surgeons-react-a-retrospective-analysis-of-surgeons-response-to-harassment-of-a-colleague-during-simulated-operating-theatre-scenarios
#16
Hannah Gostlow, Camila Vega Vega, Nicholas Marlow, Wendy Babidge, Guy Maddern
OBJECTIVE: To assess and report on surgeons' ability to identify and manage incidences of harassment. BACKGROUND: The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is committed to driving out discrimination, bullying, harassment, and sexual harassment from surgical training and practice, through changing the culture of the workplace. To eradicate these behaviors, it is first critical to understand how the current workforce responds to these actions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of video data of an operating theatre simulation was conducted to identify how surgeons, from a range of experience levels, react to instances of harassment...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733189/systematic-review-of-serum-steroid-reference-intervals-developed-using-mass-spectrometry
#17
REVIEW
Nevada Tavita, Ronda F Greaves
The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the published literature to determine the available serum/plasma steroid reference intervals generated by mass spectrometry (MS) methods across all age groups in healthy subjects and to suggest recommendations to achieve common MS based reference intervals for serum steroids. MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed databases were used to conduct a comprehensive search for English language, MS-based reference interval studies for serum/plasma steroids. Selection of steroids to include was based on those listed in the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Quality Assurance Programs, Chemical Pathology, Endocrine Program...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730640/2016-updated-thai-rheumatism-association-recommendations-for-the-use-of-biologic-and-targeted-synthetic-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Worawit Louthrenoo, Nuntana Kasitanon, Wanruchada Katchamart, Duangkamol Aiewruengsurat, Parawee Chevaisrakul, Praveena Chiowchanwisawakit, Pornchai Dechanuwong, Punchong Hanvivadhanakul, Ajanee Mahakkanukrauh, Siriporn Manavathongchai, Chayawee Muangchan, Pongthorn Narongroeknawin, Veerapong Phumethum, Boonjing Siripaitoon, Anawat Suesuwan, Siraphop Suwannaroj, Parichat Uea-Areewongsa, Sittichai Ukritchon, Paijit Asavatanabodee, Ajchara Koolvisoot, Ratanavadee Nanagara, Kitti Totemchokchyakarn, Kanokrut Nuntirooj, Tasanee Kitumnuaypong
AIM: In June 2015, the Thai Rheumatism Association (TRA) approved an update of its recommendation for the use of biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) and targeted synthetic (tsDMARD) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to cover those currently available in Thailand (etanercept, infliximab, golimumab, rituximab, tocilizumab, abatacept and tofacitinib). METHOD: A search of the literature was performed between January 2000 and June 2015...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729187/poor-employment-conditions-adversely-affect-mental-health-outcomes-among-surgical-trainees
#19
Jasmina Kevric, Nathan Papa, Marlon Perera, Prem Rashid, Sumeet Toshniwal
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health in junior clinicians is prevalent and may lead to poor productivity and significant medical errors. We aimed to provide contemporary data on the mental health of surgical trainees and identify risk factors relating to poorer mental health outcomes. METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was developed comprising questions based on the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) and Physical Activity Questionnaire. Each of the questionnaires has proven validity and reliability in the clinical context...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729108/no-214-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pregnancy-at-41-0-to-42-0-weeks
#20
Martina Delaney, Anne Roggensack
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence-based guidelines for the management of pregnancy at 41+0 to 42+0 weeks. OUTCOMES: Reduction of perinatal mortality associated with Caesarean section at 41+0 to 42+0 weeks of pregnancy. EVIDENCE: The Medline database, the Cochrane Library, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, were searched for English language articles published between 1966 and March 2007, using the following key words: prolonged pregnancy, post-term pregnancy, and postdates pregnancy...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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