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critical ultrasound journal

Melissa L Lerch, Daniel R Bauer, David Chafin, Abbey Theiss, Michael Otter, Geoffrey S Baird
Personalized medicine promises diagnosis and treatment of disease at the individual level and relies heavily on clinical specimen integrity and diagnostic assay quality. Preanalytics, the collection and handling steps of a clinical specimen before immunohistochemistry or other clinical assay, are critically important to enable the correct diagnosis of disease. However, the effects of preanalytics are often overlooked due to a lack of standardization and limited assessment tools to quantify their variation. Here, we report a novel real-time ultrasound time-of-flight instrument that is capable of monitoring and imaging the critical step in formalin fixation, diffusion of the fixative into tissue, which provides a quantifiable quality metric for tissue fixation in the clinical laboratory ensuring consistent downstream molecular assay results...
December 23, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Paul McKenna, Brent Thoma, Ken Milne, Chris Bond
As part of the Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine's (CJEM) developing social media strategy, 1 we are collaborating with the Skeptics' Guide to Emergency Medicine (SGEM) to summarize and critically appraise the current emergency medicine (EM) literature using evidence-based medicine principles. In the "Hot Off the Press" series, we select original research manuscripts published in CJEM to be featured on the SGEM website/podcast 2 and discussed by the study authors and the online EM community. A similar collaboration is underway between the SGEM and Academic Emergency Medicine...
October 26, 2016: CJEM
Christopher W C Lee, Pierre D Kory, Robert T Arntfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Critical Care
E Merz
Vaginal ultrasound probes are semi-critical Group A medical products which must be disinfected following the manufacturer's instructions after every patient examination. According to the "Essential Requirements for Medical Devices (Directive 93/42/EEC, Annex I, paragraph 13)" the manufacturer's instructions for use for reusable products must contain suitable instructions for preparation processes. This presumes both an effective and material-compatible method. Evidence of effectiveness must be validated.In the Editorial in issue 1 Ultraschall in der Medizin/European Journal of Ultrasound 2005 we discussed the topic of transducer hygiene and stated that proper handling and cleaning as well as disinfection of probes in daily use are indispensable...
April 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Athanasios Papathanasiou, Belinda J Searle, Nicole M A King, Siladitya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: A substantial minority of women undergoing IVF will under-respond to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. These women-so-called 'poor responders'-suffer persistently reduced success rates after IVF. Currently, no single intervention is unanimously accepted as beneficial in overcoming poor ovarian response (POR). This has been supported by the available research on POR, which consists mainly of randomized controlled trials (RCTs ) with an inherent high-risk of bias. The aim of this review was to critically appraise the available experimental trials on POR and provide guidance towards more useful-less wasteful-future research...
April 2016: Human Reproduction Update
K Seitz
The successful collaboration among Ultraschall in der Medizin/ European Journal of Ultrasound (UiM/EJU), DEGUM, ÖGUM and SGUM as well as Thieme Verlag was confirmed in the respective general meetings in Davos recently, and it was agreed that such cooperation should continue in coming years. Last year, in discussions with the previous DEGUM board of directors the issue of orientation of the content of UiM/EJU, among other things, was an essential topic. Briefly stated, the constructive criticism was: too much science, too little continuing education...
December 2015: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Patrick Brass, Martin Hellmich, Laurentius Kolodziej, Guido Schick, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters can help with diagnosis and treatment of the critically ill. The catheter may be placed in a large vein in the neck (internal jugular vein), upper chest (subclavian vein) or groin (femoral vein). Whilst this is beneficial overall, inserting the catheter risks arterial puncture and other complications and should be performed in as few attempts as possible.In the past, anatomical 'landmarks' on the body surface were used to find the correct place to insert these catheters, but ultrasound imaging is now available...
January 9, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Patrick Brass, Martin Hellmich, Laurentius Kolodziej, Guido Schick, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVCs) can help with diagnosis and treatment of the critically ill. The catheter may be placed in a large vein in the neck (internal jugular vein), upper chest (subclavian vein) or groin (femoral vein). Whilst this is beneficial overall, inserting the catheter risks arterial puncture and other complications and should be performed with as few attempts as possible. Traditionally, anatomical 'landmarks' on the body surface were used to find the correct place in which to insert catheters, but ultrasound imaging is now available...
January 9, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michael Blaivas
One of the most exciting developments to come to the aid of the critically ill patient in recent years is not new at all, but rather has been repackaged and evolved to a level where point-of-care use by critical care physicians has been made possible. Critical care or point-of-care ultrasound dates back more than twenty years, but has come to prominence in the last 5 years and is spreading quickly. Multiple critical care societies have taken up ultrasound policy and training and one organization has been formed that concentrates only on point-of-care ultrasound in critical settings and interventions...
August 4, 2012: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Damiano Giuseppe Barone, Theresa A Lawrie, Michael G Hart
BACKGROUND: Extent of resection is believed to be a key prognostic factor in neuro-oncology. Image guided surgery uses a variety of tools or technologies to help achieve this goal. It is not clear whether any of these, sometimes very expensive, tools (or their combination) should be recommended as part of standard care for patient with brain tumours. We set out to determine if image guided surgery offers any advantage in terms of extent of resection over surgery without any image guidance and if any one tool or technology was more effective...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Daniel De Backer
In this review I discuss key research papers in cardiology and intensive care published in Critical Care during 2012 with related studies published in other journals quoted whenever appropriate. These studies are grouped into the following categories: cardiovascular therapies, mechanical therapies, pathophysiologic mechanisms, hemodynamic monitoring, ultrasound in respiratory failure, microcirculation, and miscellaneous.
November 22, 2013: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Lee Suan Chua
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rutin is a common dietary flavonoid that is widely consumed from plant-derived beverages and foods as traditional and folkloric medicine worldwide. Rutin is believed to exhibit significant pharmacological activities, including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetic, anti-adipogenic, neuroprotective and hormone therapy. Till date, over 130 registered therapeutic medicinal preparations are containing rutin in their formulations. This article aims to critically review the extraction methods for plant-based rutin and its pharmacological activities...
December 12, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Matteo Storti, Lorenzo Musella, Vito Cianci
Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (commonly abbreviated as FAST) is considered for patients with blunt abdominal trauma as the gold standard for accident assessment in site. This method is increasingly used even by not radiologists professionals, as well as by nurses who works in emergency settings. This systematic review is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of ultrasound FAST performed by nurses in emergencies department. Seven databases of primary and secondary literature as well as three national journals relevant to the field were consulted...
January 2013: Professioni Infermieristiche
Federico Bilotta, Luigi Dei Giudici, Arthur Lam, Giovanni Rosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic, monitoring, and procedural applications of ultrasound (US) imaging in neurocritical care (NCC) patients. METHOD: US imaging has been extensively validated in various subset of critically ill patients, but not specifically in the NCC population. We reviewed the clinical applications of US imaging for heart, vascular, brain, and lung evaluation and for possible procedural uses in NCC patients. Major neurosurgical books, journals, testimonials, authors' personal experience, and scientific databases were analyzed...
March 2013: Neurological Research
C James Holliman, Terrence M Mulligan, Robert E Suter, Peter Cameron, Lee Wallis, Philip D Anderson, Kathleen Clem
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify publications in the medical literature that support the efficacy or value of Emergency Medicine (EM) as a medical specialty and of clinical care delivered by trained emergency physicians. In this study we use the term "value" to refer both to the "efficacy of clinical care" in terms of achieving desired patient outcomes, as well as "efficiency" in terms of effective and/or cost-effective utilization of healthcare resources in delivering emergency care...
2011: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Dale W Stovall
The aim of this study was to inform the clinician of alternatives to hysterectomy through a critical evaluation of three treatment options: global endometrial ablation, uterine fibroid embolization, and magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound. Studies published in English-language, peer-reviewed journals were systematically searched using Cochrane and Medline. Keywords used included "alternatives to hysterectomy," "endometrial ablation," "uterine fibroid embolization," "uterine artery embolization," and "focused ultrasound...
April 2011: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
R Giraud, N Siegenthaler, D Tagan, K Bendjelid
In 2009, the Critical Care Network of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) in partnership with La Sociéte de Reanimation de Langue Française selected a panel of experts to characterize competence in critical care ultrasonography. The task force developed a consensus and made recommendations concerning the qualifications in ultrasonography. Experts have identified specific skills that intensivit should acquire, by setting a minimum standard for the realisation and control of ultrasound. Last year, we published in the present journal the results of this consensus conference concerning the "basic echocardiography" for intensivit...
February 16, 2011: Revue Médicale Suisse
Jeanne L Alhusen
OBJECTIVE: To critically review and synthesize original research published since 2000 designed to measure factors that influence maternal-fetal attachment. DATA SOURCES: EBSCOhost Research Databases that included PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS were searched for journal articles published in the past 7 years (2000-2007) that examined variables thought to increase, decrease, or cause no change in level of maternal-fetal attachment. Keyword searches included maternal-fetal attachment, parental attachment, and prenatal attachment...
May 2008: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Z J Koscielniak-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Use of ultrasound by anaesthesiologists performing regional blocks is rapidly gaining popularity. The aims of this review were to summarize and update accumulating evidence on ultrasound-guided nerve blocks, with an emphasis on the clinical relevance of the results and to critically appraise changing standards in regional anaesthesia. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966 to 31 December 2007) was conducted using the following free terms: 'ultrasound and regional anesthesia', 'ultrasound and peripheral block' and 'ultrasound and nerve and block'...
July 2008: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
K A Jaeger
Early on in our medical training, we were told that experience is more important than knowledge in the medical field and that medicine is therefore not an exact science but an art. We were encouraged to become medical artists. Although this statement has proven to be largely correct, we perceived it as a provocation. The scientific nature of our profession of choice was being called into question. We had spent day and night cramming our heads full of knowledge and even after more than 30 years in the field were still trying to increase our knowledge on a daily basis, but this was apparently not highly valued...
February 2008: Ultraschall in der Medizin
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