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critical ultrasound journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619771/revealed-versus-concealed-criteria-for-placental-insufficiency-in-an-unselected-obstetric-population-in-late-pregnancy-ratio37-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#1
Francesc Figueras, Eduard Gratacos, Marta Rial, Ilan Gull, Ladislav Krofta, Marek Lubusky, Cruz-Martinez Rogelio, Cruz-Lemini Mónica, Martinez-Rodriguez Miguel, Pamela Socias, Cristina Aleuanlli, Mauro C Parra Cordero
INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) affects 5%-10% of all pregnancies, contributing to 30%-50% of stillbirths. Unfortunately, growth restriction often is not detected antenatally. The last weeks of pregnancy are critical for preventing stillbirth among babies with FGR because there is a pronounced increase in stillbirths among growth-restricted fetuses after 37 weeks of pregnancy. Here we present a protocol (V.1, 23 May 2016) for the RATIO37 trial, which evaluates an integrated strategy for accurately selecting at-risk fetuses for delivery at term...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530846/monitoring-nutrition-in-critical-illness-what-can-we-use
#2
Suzie Ferrie, Erica Tsang
BACKGROUND: Nutrition monitoring in the context of critical care presents unique challenges. Traditionally used anthropometric and biochemical markers may be difficult to obtain or confounded by factors such as fluid status and the inflammatory response. A previous survey identified 15 parameters in common use, all of which have confounding influences during critical illness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted to assess current use of commonly used nutrition-monitoring parameters and to explore other possible methods that might be more useful...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175966/literature-review-to-optimize-the-autologous-fat-transplantation-procedure-and-recent-technologies-to-improve-graft-viability-and-overall-outcome-a-systematic-and-retrospective-analytic-approach
#3
REVIEW
Yoong Hoon Shim, Ru Hong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Investigation and evaluation of the current methods and steps of autologous fat transplantation to optimize the viability of fat grafts and procedure outcome in quest of a more standardized protocol. METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed across the CNKI, Wan Fang, PubMed, Ovid and EMBASE databases from the year 1970 to December 2014, collecting and classifying all of the autologous fat transplantation-related reports and articles, and after screening, a critical retrospective analysis was performed on the included data...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148928/subcutaneous-fat-loss-is-greater-than-visceral-fat-loss-with-diet-and-exercise-weight-loss-promoting-drugs-and-bariatric-surgery-a-critical-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
C Merlotti, V Ceriani, A Morabito, A E Pontiroli
Aim of this review is to compare visceral and subcutaneous fat loss with all available strategies (diet and exercise, weight-loss promoting agents and bariatric surgery). Eighty-nine studies, all full papers, were analyzed to evaluate visceral and subcutaneous fat changes, measured through ultrasound, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and expressed as thickness, weight, area and volume. Studies were included in a meta-analysis (random-effects model). Intervention effect (absolute and percent changes of visceral and subcutaneous fat) was expressed as standardized mean differences, with 95% confidence intervals...
May 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116010/an-analysis-of-the-top-cited-articles-in-emergency-medicine-education-literature
#5
Brendan W Munzer, Jeffery Love, Barbara L Shipman, Brendan Byrne, Stephen J Cico, Robert Furlong, Sorabh Khandelwal, Sally A Santen
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination of educational research is critical to improving medical education, promotion of faculty and ultimately patient care. The objective of this study was to identify the top 25 cited education articles in the emergency medicine (EM) literature and the top 25 cited EM education articles in all journals, as well as report on the characteristics of the articles. METHODS: Two searches were conducted in the Web of Science in June 2016 using a list of education-related search terms...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027117/precision-medicine-starts-with-preanalytics-real-time-assessment-of-tissue-fixation-quality-by-ultrasound-time-of-flight-analysis
#6
Melissa L Lerch, Daniel R Bauer, David Chafin, Abbey Theiss, Michael Otter, Geoffrey S Baird
Personalized medicine promises diagnosis and treatment of disease at the individual level and relies heavily on clinical specimen integrity and diagnostic assay quality. Preanalytics, the collection and handling steps of a clinical specimen before immunohistochemistry or other clinical assay, are critically important to enable the correct diagnosis of disease. However, the effects of preanalytics are often overlooked due to a lack of standardization and limited assessment tools to quantify their variation. Here, we report a novel real-time ultrasound time-of-flight instrument that is capable of monitoring and imaging the critical step in formalin fixation, diffusion of the fixative into tissue, which provides a quantifiable quality metric for tissue fixation in the clinical laboratory ensuring consistent downstream molecular assay results...
March 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781970/sgem-hot-off-the-press-ultrasound-during-critical-care-simulation-a-randomized-crossover-study
#7
Paul McKenna, Brent Thoma, Ken Milne, Chris Bond
As part of the Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine's (CJEM) developing social media strategy, 1 we are collaborating with the Skeptics' Guide to Emergency Medicine (SGEM) to summarize and critically appraise the current emergency medicine (EM) literature using evidence-based medicine principles. In the "Hot Off the Press" series, we select original research manuscripts published in CJEM to be featured on the SGEM website/podcast 2 and discussed by the study authors and the online EM community. A similar collaboration is underway between the SGEM and Academic Emergency Medicine...
January 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107496/corrigendum-development-of-a-fluid-resuscitation-protocol-using-inferior-vena-cava-and-lung-ultrasound-journal-of-critical-care-31-2016-96-100
#8
Christopher W C Lee, Pierre D Kory, Robert T Arntfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058433/is-transducer-hygiene-sufficient-when-vaginal-probes-are-used-in-the-clinical-routine
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
E Merz
Vaginal ultrasound probes are semi-critical Group A medical products which must be disinfected following the manufacturer's instructions after every patient examination. According to the "Essential Requirements for Medical Devices (Directive 93/42/EEC, Annex I, paragraph 13)" the manufacturer's instructions for use for reusable products must contain suitable instructions for preparation processes. This presumes both an effective and material-compatible method. Evidence of effectiveness must be validated.In the Editorial in issue 1 Ultraschall in der Medizin/European Journal of Ultrasound 2005 we discussed the topic of transducer hygiene and stated that proper handling and cleaning as well as disinfection of probes in daily use are indispensable...
April 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843539/trends-in-poor-responder-research-lessons-learned-from-rcts-in-assisted-conception
#10
REVIEW
Athanasios Papathanasiou, Belinda J Searle, Nicole M A King, Siladitya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: A substantial minority of women undergoing IVF will under-respond to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. These women-so-called 'poor responders'-suffer persistently reduced success rates after IVF. Currently, no single intervention is unanimously accepted as beneficial in overcoming poor ovarian response (POR). This has been supported by the available research on POR, which consists mainly of randomized controlled trials (RCTs ) with an inherent high-risk of bias. The aim of this review was to critically appraise the available experimental trials on POR and provide guidance towards more useful-less wasteful-future research...
April 2016: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26669868/regarding-the-content-and-goals-of-uim-eju
#11
EDITORIAL
K Seitz
The successful collaboration among Ultraschall in der Medizin/ European Journal of Ultrasound (UiM/EJU), DEGUM, ÖGUM and SGUM as well as Thieme Verlag was confirmed in the respective general meetings in Davos recently, and it was agreed that such cooperation should continue in coming years. Last year, in discussions with the previous DEGUM board of directors the issue of orientation of the content of UiM/EJU, among other things, was an essential topic. Briefly stated, the constructive criticism was: too much science, too little continuing education...
December 2015: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25575245/ultrasound-guidance-versus-anatomical-landmarks-for-subclavian-or-femoral-vein-catheterization
#12
REVIEW
Patrick Brass, Martin Hellmich, Laurentius Kolodziej, Guido Schick, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters can help with diagnosis and treatment of the critically ill. The catheter may be placed in a large vein in the neck (internal jugular vein), upper chest (subclavian vein) or groin (femoral vein). Whilst this is beneficial overall, inserting the catheter risks arterial puncture and other complications and should be performed in as few attempts as possible.In the past, anatomical 'landmarks' on the body surface were used to find the correct place to insert these catheters, but ultrasound imaging is now available...
January 9, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25575244/ultrasound-guidance-versus-anatomical-landmarks-for-internal-jugular-vein-catheterization
#13
REVIEW
Patrick Brass, Martin Hellmich, Laurentius Kolodziej, Guido Schick, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVCs) can help with diagnosis and treatment of the critically ill. The catheter may be placed in a large vein in the neck (internal jugular vein), upper chest (subclavian vein) or groin (femoral vein). Whilst this is beneficial overall, inserting the catheter risks arterial puncture and other complications and should be performed with as few attempts as possible. Traditionally, anatomical 'landmarks' on the body surface were used to find the correct place in which to insert catheters, but ultrasound imaging is now available...
January 9, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24701407/update-on-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-care-of-the-critically-ill-patient
#14
REVIEW
Michael Blaivas
One of the most exciting developments to come to the aid of the critically ill patient in recent years is not new at all, but rather has been repackaged and evolved to a level where point-of-care use by critical care physicians has been made possible. Critical care or point-of-care ultrasound dates back more than twenty years, but has come to prominence in the last 5 years and is spreading quickly. Multiple critical care societies have taken up ultrasound policy and training and one organization has been formed that concentrates only on point-of-care ultrasound in critical settings and interventions...
August 4, 2012: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24474579/image-guided-surgery-for-the-resection-of-brain-tumours
#15
REVIEW
Damiano Giuseppe Barone, Theresa A Lawrie, Michael G Hart
BACKGROUND: Extent of resection is believed to be a key prognostic factor in neuro-oncology. Image guided surgery uses a variety of tools or technologies to help achieve this goal. It is not clear whether any of these, sometimes very expensive, tools (or their combination) should be recommended as part of standard care for patient with brain tumours. We set out to determine if image guided surgery offers any advantage in terms of extent of resection over surgery without any image guidance and if any one tool or technology was more effective...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24267398/year-in-review-2012-critical-care-cardiology
#16
REVIEW
Daniel De Backer
In this review I discuss key research papers in cardiology and intensive care published in Critical Care during 2012 with related studies published in other journals quoted whenever appropriate. These studies are grouped into the following categories: cardiovascular therapies, mechanical therapies, pathophysiologic mechanisms, hemodynamic monitoring, ultrasound in respiratory failure, microcirculation, and miscellaneous.
November 22, 2013: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24184193/a-review-on-plant-based-rutin-extraction-methods-and-its-pharmacological-activities
#17
REVIEW
Lee Suan Chua
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rutin is a common dietary flavonoid that is widely consumed from plant-derived beverages and foods as traditional and folkloric medicine worldwide. Rutin is believed to exhibit significant pharmacological activities, including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetic, anti-adipogenic, neuroprotective and hormone therapy. Till date, over 130 registered therapeutic medicinal preparations are containing rutin in their formulations. This article aims to critically review the extraction methods for plant-based rutin and its pharmacological activities...
December 12, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23591031/-nurse-performed-fast-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Matteo Storti, Lorenzo Musella, Vito Cianci
Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (commonly abbreviated as FAST) is considered for patients with blunt abdominal trauma as the gold standard for accident assessment in site. This method is increasingly used even by not radiologists professionals, as well as by nurses who works in emergency settings. This systematic review is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of ultrasound FAST performed by nurses in emergencies department. Seven databases of primary and secondary literature as well as three national journals relevant to the field were consulted...
January 2013: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23452577/ultrasound-based-imaging-in-neurocritical-care-patients-a-review-of-clinical-applications
#19
REVIEW
Federico Bilotta, Luigi Dei Giudici, Arthur Lam, Giovanni Rosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic, monitoring, and procedural applications of ultrasound (US) imaging in neurocritical care (NCC) patients. METHOD: US imaging has been extensively validated in various subset of critically ill patients, but not specifically in the NCC population. We reviewed the clinical applications of US imaging for heart, vascular, brain, and lung evaluation and for possible procedural uses in NCC patients. Major neurosurgical books, journals, testimonials, authors' personal experience, and scientific databases were analyzed...
March 2013: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21781295/the-efficacy-and-value-of-emergency-medicine-a-supportive-literature-review
#20
C James Holliman, Terrence M Mulligan, Robert E Suter, Peter Cameron, Lee Wallis, Philip D Anderson, Kathleen Clem
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify publications in the medical literature that support the efficacy or value of Emergency Medicine (EM) as a medical specialty and of clinical care delivered by trained emergency physicians. In this study we use the term "value" to refer both to the "efficacy of clinical care" in terms of achieving desired patient outcomes, as well as "efficiency" in terms of effective and/or cost-effective utilization of healthcare resources in delivering emergency care...
2011: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
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