keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

damage control of surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823073/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-%C3%AE-780%C3%A2-nm-on-the-mechanically-damaged-dentin-pulp-complex-in-a-model-of-extrusive-luxation-in-rat-incisors
#1
Dandara Andrade de Santana, Gabriela Ferraz Fonseca, Luciana Maria Pedreira Ramalho, Tânia Tavares Rodriguez, Marcio Cajazeira Aguiar
In order to regenerate the dental pulp, many strategies have been developed as phototherapy. In the pulp repair, we do not know if gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) laser preserves the primary odontoblasts or stimulates the formation of more dentin matrix when dental pulp is damaged. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of laser phototherapy (λ780 nm) on vascularization, inflammation, density of the primary odontoblast layer, and formation of reactionary and reparative dentin in the dental pulp by provoking extrusion of the rat incisor...
August 19, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822735/-the-care-of-skin-lesions-caused-by-extravasation-of-intravenous-fluids-in-peripheral-venous-perfusion
#2
C Ly
INTRODUCTION: Infiltration and extravasation account for 23-78 % of the complications stemming from peripheral venous perfusions in neonatal intensive care units. Their consequences, sometimes dramatic, can be pain, infections, or even loss of skin, which can lead to nerve and/or muscle damage, particularly severe for preterm neonates. Today there are no recommendations on the care of these lesions, which can lead to an erroneous choice or to a delay in the possible treatments. OBJECTIVE: This review of the literature aims to explore and propose elements of therapeutic care collected in the scientific literature...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#3
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816833/perioperative-use-of-erythromycin-reduces-cognitive-decline-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-a-pilot-study
#4
Evanthia Thomaidou, Helena Argiriadou, Georgios Vretzakis, Kalliopi Megari, Nikolaos Taskos, Georgios Chatzigeorgiou, Kyriakos Anastasiadis
OBJECTIVES: Adverse neurologic outcome can be a debilitating complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective action of erythromycin, a well known antibiotic agent, regarding postoperative cognitive decline in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Forty patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were prospectively randomly assigned in 2 groups: the erythromycin group (n = 19) who received erythromycin at a dose of 25 mg/kg before and after surgery and the control group (n = 21) who did not receive it...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816285/-expression-of-cxcl16-cxcr6-in-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-its-role-in-synoviocyte-proliferation
#5
X Zhang, J X Zhao, L Sun, X Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: It has been found that serum CXCL16 concentration in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are significantly higher than those in osteoarthritis (OA) and normal subjects, and are positively correlated with disease activity and bone erosion. However, how is CXCL16 involved in the pathogenesis of RA is unclear. To evaluate the expression of CXCL16 and its receptor CXCR6 in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to explore the role of CXCL16 in the proliferation of RA-FLS...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809642/fibular-strut-graft-for-posterior-pelvic-ring-nonunion-a-case-report
#6
M Frank, J R McCallum, T Dědek
Posttraumatic pelvic nonunions in combination with malposition are uncommon in the present-day era of modern pelvic surgery. The case describes a new surgical technique for treatment of the nonunion localized to iliosacral joint. A 42-year-old polytraumatized male presented with a pelvic fracture (type 61-C2.3) associated with a complex acetabular fracture. The patient was treated and the pelvis stabilized according to damage control principles (external fixation and pelvic C-clamp) and subsequently definitively treated according to principles of current pelvic surgery...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808225/congestive-preconditioning-by-portal-venous-clamping-a-novel-preventive-concept-for-small-intestinal-congestive-re-outflow-injury
#7
Hironori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Takamura, Ryosuke Gabata, Yoshinao Ohbatake, Shinichi Nakanuma, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
BACKGROUND Congestion of the small intestine, which induces mucosal damage via apoptosis, is a common pathophysiological change in hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery, including liver transplantation. Small intestinal mucosal damage can trigger postoperative complications via various pathways. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy of intermittent portal venous clamping, which we named congestive preconditioning (CPC), for decreasing congestive re-outflow injury (CRoI) of the small intestine. MATERIAL AND METHODS Small intestinal CRoI was induced in rats by clamping the portal vein (PV) for 30 min, followed by re-outflow...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806822/-multiple-myeloma-current-status-in-diagnostic-testing-and-therapy
#8
Michael Kehrer, Sebastian Koob, Andreas Strauss, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
Background Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer of the bone marrow and is classified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a plasma cell neoplasm. In multiple myeloma, normal plasma cells transform into malignant myeloma cells and produce large quantities of an abnormal immunoglobulin called monoclonal protein or M protein. This ultimately causes multiple myeloma symptoms such as bone damage or kidney problems. The annual worldwide incidence of multiple myeloma is estimated to be 6 - 7/100,000 and accounts for 1% of all cancer...
August 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803687/predictors-of-asymptomatic-radiation-induced-abdominal-atherosclerosis
#9
L Cella, R Liuzzi, P Romanelli, M Conson, V D'Avino, M Ottaviano, V Damiano, G Palmieri, R Pacelli, M Mancini
AIMS: To identify predictors of asymptomatic radiation-induced abdominal atherosclerosis in patients treated with radiotherapy and evaluated by abdominal vascular ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two testicular classic seminoma patients (median age 34 years, range 16-56) undergoing radical inguinal orchiectomy were analysed. Twenty-six patients underwent post-surgery radiotherapy (median total dose 25 Gy, range 25-43), two of them also received chemotherapy (CHT) and 16 patients were treated with surgery alone or by surgery followed by CHT (control group)...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801785/-treatment-strategies-for-mass-casualty-incidents-and-terrorist-attacks-in-trauma-and-vascular-surgery-presentation-of-a-treatment-concept
#10
REVIEW
B Friemert, A Franke, D Bieler, A Achatz, D Hinck, M Engelhardt
The treatment of patients in the context of mass casualty incidents (MCI) represents a great challenge for the participating rescue workers and clinics. Due to the increase in terrorist activities it is necessary to become familiar with this new kind of threat to civilization with respect to the medical treatment of victims of terrorist attacks. There are substantial differences between a "normal" MCI and a terrorist MCI with respect to injury patterns (blunt trauma vs. penetrating/perforating trauma), the type and form of the incident (MCI=static situation vs...
August 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797531/-prevention-of-the-post-surgical-insatisfactions-and-possible-medico-legal-complications
#11
G Flageul, R Pessis
The purpose of this work is to better understand the reasons for post-surgical instability and what makes up the bed of medico-legal complications. Beyond technical competence, it is essential to observe a very high degree of rigor in listening to the real motivations in order to give the most accurate possible surgical indications and in particular to know to detect and never to operate certain patients who, whatever we do, will always be dissatisfied. The quality of information is one of the essential elements of prevention: information is part of the care and there is no therapeutic success without a successful relationship between a caregiver and a carereceiver...
August 7, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794797/acute-mesenteric-ischemia-guidelines-of-the-world-society-of-emergency-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Miklosh Bala, Jeffry Kashuk, Ernest E Moore, Yoram Kluger, Walter Biffl, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Offir Ben-Ishay, Chen Rubinstein, Zsolt J Balogh, Ian Civil, Federico Coccolini, Ari Leppaniemi, Andrew Peitzman, Luca Ansaloni, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Gustavo P Fraga, Fausto Catena
Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is typically defined as a group of diseases characterized by an interruption of the blood supply to varying portions of the small intestine, leading to ischemia and secondary inflammatory changes. If untreated, this process will eventuate in life threatening intestinal necrosis. The incidence is low, estimated at 0.09-0.2% of all acute surgical admissions. Therefore, although the entity is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain, diligence is always required because if untreated, mortality has consistently been reported in the range of 50%...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794007/the-future-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-in-combat-operations
#13
Shane A Smith, R Hilsden, A Beckett, V C McAlister
Damage control resuscitation and early thoracotomy have been used to increase survival after severe injury in combat. There has been a renewed interest in resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in both civilian and military medical practices. REBOA may result in visceral and limb ischaemia that could be harmful if use of REBOA is premature or prolonged. The purpose of this paper is to align our experience of combat injuries with the known capability of REBOA to suggest an implementation strategy for the use of REBOA in combat care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793899/enumeration-of-circulating-endothelial-cell-frequency-as-a-diagnostic-marker-in-aortic-valve-surgery-a-flow-cytometric-approach
#14
Anton Sabashnikov, Klaus Neef, Vera Chesnokova, Leonie Wegener, Kathrin Godthardt, Maximilian Scherner, Elmar W Kuhn, Antje-Christin Deppe, Meike Lauer, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Mohamed Zeriouh, Parwis B Rahmanian, Jens Wippermann, Ferdinand Kuhn-Régnier, Navid Madershahian, Thorsten Wahlers, Alexander Weymann, Yeong-Hoon Choi
BACKGROUND: The frequency of circulating endothelial cells (CEC) in patients' peripheral blood can be assessed as a direct marker of endothelial damage. However, conventional enumeration methods are extremely challenging. We developed a novel, automated approach to determine CEC frequencies and tested this method on two groups of patients undergoing conventional (CAVR) versus trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: CEC frequencies were assessed by a flow cytometric approach, including automated pre-enrichment of CD34 positive blood cell subpopulation and isotype controls...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790926/moderate-exercise-allows-for-shorter-recovery-time-in-critical-limb-ischemia
#15
Anne Lejay, Gilles Laverny, Stéphanie Paradis, Anna-Isabel Schlagowski, Anne-Laure Charles, François Singh, Joffrey Zoll, Fabien Thaveau, Evelyne Lonsdorfer, Stéphane Dufour, Fabrice Favret, Valérie Wolff, Daniel Metzger, Nabil Chakfe, Bernard Geny
Whether and how moderate exercise might allow for accelerated limb recovery in chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI) remains to be determined. Chronic CLI was surgically induced in mice, and the effect of moderate exercise (training five times per week over a 3-week period) was investigated. Tissue damages and functional scores were assessed on the 4th, 6th, 10th, 20th, and 30th day after surgery. Mice were sacrificed 48 h after the last exercise session in order to assess muscle structure, mitochondrial respiration, calcium retention capacity, oxidative stress and transcript levels of genes encoding proteins controlling mitochondrial functions (PGC1α, PGC1β, NRF1) and anti-oxidant defenses markers (SOD1, SOD2, catalase)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776420/tension-pneumopericardium-in-a-multiply-injured-child
#16
Holger Rupprecht, Katharina Gaab
Tension pneumopericardium is a rare disease that is very difficult to diagnose. A 3-year old child was run over by a minibus. Computed tomography showed bilateral pneumothorax, multiple rib fractures on both sides, and a hepatic laceration. The massive blunt thoracic trauma caused entrapped air in the pericardium, and a tension pneumoprecordium developed abruptly. We report this unique case of tension pneumopericardium in a child, and the subsequent emergency surgery and damage control measures.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772237/low-intensity-laser-therapy-efficacy-evaluation-in-mice-subjected-to-acute-arthritis-condition
#17
Bianca F Trawitzki, Lothar Lilge, Fellipe A T de Figueiredo, Ana Paula Macedo, João Paulo M Issa
Acute arthritis is an inflammation that affects many joints. The principal treatment options comprise drugs (corticosteroids), invasive and painful surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of low intensity laser therapy (LILT), a non-invasive treatment, in a murine model of acute inflammation model. 48 mice received a synovial injection of Zymosan A into one knee. Mice were treated with LILT by three different wavelengths, either as a single (S) or dual (D) application immediately after the injury or after 24h following initiation of an inflammatory response...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767193/decreased-hippocampal-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-impaired-cognitive-function-by-hypoglossal-nerve-transection-in-rats
#18
Doyun Kim, Sena Chung, Seung-Hyun Lee, Se-Young Choi, Soung-Min Kim, JaeHyung Koo, Jong-Ho Lee, Jeong Won Jahng
The hypoglossal nerve controls tongue movements, and damages of it result in difficulty in mastication and food intake. Mastication has been reported to maintain hippocampus-dependent cognitive function. This study was conducted to examine the effect of tongue motor loss on the hippocampus-dependent cognitive function and its underlying mechanism. Male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to the initial training of Morris water maze task before or after the bilateral transection of hypoglossal nerves (Hx). When the initial training was given before the surgery, the target quadrant dwelling time during the probe test performed at a week after the surgery was significantly reduced in Hx rats relative to sham-operated controls...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767178/chemokine-receptor-7-ccr7-deficiency-leads-to-delayed-development-of-joint-damage-and-functional-deficits-in-a-murine-model-of-osteoarthritis
#19
Nisha Sambamurthy, Vu Nguyen, Ryan Smalley, Rui Xiao, Kurt Hankenson, Justin Gan, Rachel E Miller, Anne-Marie Malfait, George R Dodge, Carla R Scanzello
Elevated chemokine receptor Ccr7 is observed in knee osteoarthritis (OA) and associated with severity of symptoms. In this study, we confirmed that CCR7 protein expression is elevated in synovial tissue from OA patients by immunohistochemical staining. We then investigated whether Ccr7 deficiency impacted structural and functional joint degeneration utilizing a murine model of OA. OA-like disease was induced in male C57BL/6 and Ccr7-deficient (Ccr7(-/-) ) mice by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762453/damage-control-surgery-6-years-of-experience-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#20
Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar, Sushma Sagar, Pawan Sharma, Biplab Mishra, Maneesh Singhal, Mahesh C Misra
BACKGROUND: Damage control surgery (DCS) has been a well-established practice in the management of trauma victims for more than 2 decades now. The primary aim of this study was to review and analyze the presentation and outcome of patients with torso trauma who underwent DCS at Level I trauma center. METHODS: Retrospective study was conducted using database records prospectively maintained over period of 6 years from 2008 through 2013 at an urban Level I trauma center...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
keyword
keyword
95047
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"