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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823025/nanomedicine-associated-with-photodynamic-therapy-for-glioblastoma-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Leonardo B de Paula, Fernando L Primo, Antonio C Tedesco
Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most recurrent and malignant astrocytic glioma found in adults. Biologically, GBMs are highly aggressive tumors that often show diffuse infiltration of the brain parenchyma, making complete surgical resection difficult. GBM is not curable with surgery alone because tumor cells typically invade the surrounding brain, rendering complete resection unsafe. Consequently, present-day therapy for malignant glioma remains a great challenge. The location of the invasive tumor cells presents several barriers to therapeutic delivery...
August 19, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822292/nanoparticles-assemblies-on-demand-controlled-aggregation-of-ag-0-mediated-by-modified-peptoid-sequences
#2
Hagar Tigger-Zaborov, Galia Maayan
Assemblies of metal nanoparticles (NPs) have been broadly used for the construction of materials with distinct spectroscopic properties towards sensing applications. On the other hand, well-dispersed NPs are exploit for applications in catalysis and medicine. Biopolymers or biomimetic oligomers can serve both as efficient stabilizers of NPs and as useful aggregation mediators that can lead to assemblies with unique properties. Controlling aggregation processes, however, is still challenging and often relies on trial and error rather than on defined thumb rules...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822248/tio2-nanoparticles-in-sediments-effect-on-the-bioavailability-of-heavy-metals-in-the-freshwater-bivalve-corbicula-fluminea
#3
Xiulei Fan, Chao Wang, Peifang Wang, Bin Hu, Xun Wang
Most studies investigating the influence of TiO2 NPs on heavy metal bioavailability have focused on the aqueous phase; however, few have examined the sediments containing more nanoparticles. Here, we investigated the effects of TiO2 NPs on heavy metal bioavailability in C. fluminea in sediments. The interactions between the TiO2 NPs and metals in sediments, the influence of TiO2 NPs on metals levels in aqueous phase and geochemical speciation were also explored. The results indicated the large adsorption capacity of TiO2 NPs and the strong adsorption affinity to metals caused the metals adsorbed on nanoparticles, which decreased the metals concentrations in water phase...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821464/multi-elemental-nanoparticle-exposure-after-tantalum-component-failure-in-hip-arthroplasty-in-depth-analysis-of-a-single-case
#4
Janosch Schoon, Sven Geißler, Juliane Traeger, Andreas Luch, Jutta Tentschert, Giorgio Perino, Frank Schulze, Georg N Duda, Carsten Perka, Anastasia Rakow
Porous tantalum components are widely used for complex acetabular reconstructions in revision hip arthroplasty. Multiple other metal alloys such as titanium-aluminum-vanadium or cobalt-chromium-molybdenum are principally used in artificial joint setups. We report a case of tantalum component failure being both cause and effect of a multiple metal exposure. Our aims were to assess and to characterize associated particle exposure and biological consequences. Metal level quantification revealed substantial in vivo exposure to particulate and dissociated tantalum, zirconium, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, titanium, aluminum and vanadium in periprosthetic compartments...
August 16, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821110/unraveling-the-reaction-mechanism-of-silver-ions-reduction-by-chitosan-from-so-far-neglected-spectroscopic-features
#5
Ana Patrícia Carapeto, Ana Maria Ferraria, Ana Maria Botelho do Rego
Metallic silver nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution using chitosan, as both reducing and stabilizing agent, and AgNO3 as silver precursor aiming the production of solid ultra-thin films. A systematic characterization of the resulting system as a function of the initial concentrations was performed. The combination of UV-vis absorption - and its quantitative analysis - with X-ray photoelectron spectra, light scattering measurements and atomic force microscopy allowed obtaining a rational picture of silver reduction mechanism through the identification of the nature of the formed reduced/oxidized species...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821044/removal-of-heavy-metal-ions-by-magnetic-chitosan-nanoparticles-prepared-continuously-via-high-gravity-reactive-precipitation-method
#6
Hong-Lei Fan, Shao-Feng Zhou, Wei-Zhou Jiao, Gui-Sheng Qi, You-Zhi Liu
This study aimed to provide a continuous method for the preparation of magnetic Fe3O4/Chitosan nanoparticles (Fe3O4/CS NPs) that can be applied to efficient removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. Using a novel impinging stream-rotating packed bed, the continuous preparation of Fe3O4/CS NPs reached a theoretical production rate of 3.43kg/h. The as-prepared Fe3O4/CS NPs were quasi-spherical with average diameter of about 18nm and saturation magnetization of 33.5emu/g. Owing to the strong metal chelating ability of chitosan, the Fe3O4/CS NPs exhibited better adsorption capacity and faster adsorption rates for Pb(II) and Cd(II) than those of pure Fe3O4...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820471/metal-based-nanoparticles-for-the-treatment-of-infectious-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Blessing Atim Aderibigbe
Infectious diseases can be transmitted and they cause a significant burden on public health globally. They are the greatest world killers and it is estimated that they are responsible for the demise of over 17 million people annually. The impact of these diseases is greater in the developing countries. People with compromised immune systems and children are the most affected. Infectious diseases may be caused by bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. The treatment of infectious diseases is hampered by simultaneous resistance to multiple drugs, indicating that there is a serious and pressing need to develop new therapeutics that can overcome drug resistance...
August 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820251/aluminum-doped-mcm-41-nanoparticles-as-platforms-for-the-dual-encapsulation-of-a-co-releasing-molecule-and-cisplatin
#8
Francisco J Carmona, Ignacio Jiménez-Amezcua, Sara Rojas, Carlos C Romão, Jorge A R Navarro, Carmen R Maldonado, Elisa Barea
Mesoporous silica Al-MCM-41 nanoparticles have been used, for the first time, as vehicles for the single and dual encapsulation of the cationic CO-releasing molecule (CORM) [Mn(1,4,7-triazacyclononane)(CO)3](+) (ALF472(+)) and the well-known antineoplastic drug, cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (cisplatin). Thus, two new hybrid materials, namely, ALF472@Al-MCM-41 and ALF472-cisplatin@Al-MCM-41, have been isolated and fully characterized. The results reveal that the presence of CORM molecules enhances cisplatin loading 3-fold, yielding a cargo of 0...
August 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820235/tio2-containing-carbon-derived-from-a-metal-organic-framework-composite-a-highly-active-catalyst-for-oxidative-desulfurization
#9
Biswa Nath Bhadra, Ji Yoon Song, Nazmul Abedin Khan, Sung Hwa Jhung
A new metal-organic framework (MOF) composite consisting of Ti- and Zn-based MOFs (ZIF-8(x)@H2N-MIL-125; in brief, ZIF(x)@MOF) was designed and synthesized. The pristine MOF [H2N-MIL-125 (MOF)]- and an MOF-composite [ZIF(30)@MOF]-derived mesoporous carbons consisting of TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by pyrolysis (named MDC-P and MDC-C, respectively). MDC-C showed a higher surface area, larger pore sizes, and larger mesopore volumes than MDC-P. In addition, the TiO2 nanoparticles on MDC-C have more uniform shapes and sizes, and are smaller than those of MDC-P...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820220/real-time-plasmon-spectroscopy-study-of-the-solid-state-oxidation-and-kirkendall-void-formation-in-copper-nanoparticles
#10
Mariano D Susman, Yishai Feldman, Tatyana A Bendikov, Alexander Vaskevich, Israel Rubinstein
Oxidation and corrosion reactions have a major effect on the application of non-noble metals. Kinetic information and simple theoretical models are often insufficient for describing such processes in metals at the nanoscale, particularly in cases involving formation of internal voids (nano Kirkendall effect, NKE) during oxidation. Here we study the kinetics of solid-state oxidation of chemically-grown copper nanoparticles (NPs) by in situ localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectroscopy during isothermal annealing in the range 110-170 °C...
August 18, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819663/rheological-characterization-of-yield-stress-gels-formed-via-electrostatic-heteroaggregation-of-metal-oxide-nanoparticles
#11
Javen S Weston, Jeffrey H Harwell, Brian P Grady
Mixtures of fumed fractal metal oxide nanoparticles (np's) dispersed in water, at a solution pH where one species is positively charged and the other is negatively charged, form yield stress gels at volume fractions as low as 1.5%, due to electrostatic heteroaggregation into networks as confirmed by small-angle neutron scattering. These gels exhibit a measurable yield stress and an apparent viscosity that follows a power law relationship with shear rate. Rotational and oscillatory shear rheology is presented for binary mixtures of fumed silica, fumed alumina, and fumed titania in aqueous dispersions...
August 18, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819149/single-step-generation-of-metal-plasma-polymer-multicore-shell-nanoparticles-from-the-gas-phase
#12
Pavel Solař, Oleksandr Polonskyi, Ansgar Olbricht, Alexander Hinz, Artem Shelemin, Ondřej Kylián, Andrei Choukourov, Franz Faupel, Hynek Biederman
Nanoparticles composed of multiple silver cores and a plasma polymer shell (multicore@shell) were prepared in a single step with a gas aggregation cluster source operating with Ar/hexamethyldisiloxane mixtures and optionally oxygen. The size distribution of the metal inclusions as well as the chemical composition and the thickness of the shells were found to be controlled by the composition of the working gas mixture. Shell matrices ranging from organosilicon plasma polymer to nearly stoichiometric SiO2 were obtained...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818407/effects-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-and-copper-ions-to-zebrafish-danio-rerio-cells-embryos-and-fry
#13
Amalie Thit, Lars M Skjolding, Henriette Selck, Joachim Sturve
The use of engineered metal nanoparticles (NPs) is continuously increasing and so is the need for information regarding their toxicity. This study compares the toxicity of CuO NPs with ionic Cu in three zebrafish model systems; zebrafish hepatoma cell line (ZFL), fish embryo toxicity test (FET) and fry locomotion. In the ZFL tests, no significant cytotoxicity (cell death, decreased metabolic or cell membrane integrity) was detected for either treatment, though both significantly affected reactive oxygen species (ROS) production...
August 14, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817767/understanding-how-acoustic-vibrations-modulate-the-optical-response-of-plasmonic-metal-nanoparticles
#14
Aftab Ahmed, Matthew Pelton, Jeffrey R Guest
Measurements of acoustic vibrations in nanoparticles provide a unique opportunity to study mechanical phenomena at nanometer length scales and picosecond time scales. Vibrations in noble-metal nanoparticles have attracted particular attention, because they couple to plasmon resonances in the nanoparticles, leading to strong modulation of optical absorption and scattering. There are three mechanisms that transduce the mechanical oscillations into changes in the plasmon resonance: (1) changes in the nanoparticle geometry, (2) changes in electron density due to changes in the nanoparticle volume, and (3) changes in the interband transition energies due to compression / expansion of the nanoparticle (deformation potential)...
August 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817144/resonant-silicon-nanoparticles-for-enhancement-of-light-absorption-and-photoluminescence-from-hybrid-perovskite-films-and-metasurfaces
#15
E Tiguntseva, A Chebykin, A Ishteev, R Haroldson, B Balachandran, E Ushakova, F Komissarenko, H Wang, V Milichko, A Tsypkin, D Zuev, W Hu, S Makarov, A Zakhidov
Recently, hybrid halide perovskites have emerged as one of the most promising types of materials for thin-film photovoltaic and light-emitting devices because of their low-cost and potential for high efficiency. Further boosting their performance without detrimentally increasing the complexity of the architecture is critically important for commercialization. Despite a number of plasmonic nanoparticle based designs having been proposed for solar cell improvement, inherent optical losses of the nanoparticles reduce photoluminescence from perovskites...
August 17, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816377/controlled-growth-of-metal-organic-frameworks-on-polymer-brushes
#16
Liman Hou, Mingdong Zhou, Xiaozhe Dong, Lei Wang, Zhigang Xie, Dewen Dong, Ning Zhang
Polymer brushes are for the first time used to induce the synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The semi-fixed polymer chains provide a confined environment, which allows a mild growth of MOFs in-between polymer chains to give surface-attached spherical MOF nanoparticles, in contrast to the larger MOF cubics/plates formed simultaneously in solution. Polymer brushes bearing carboxylate acid functionalities are indispensible for the formation of surface bound MOFs, while no MOF nanoparticles are observed on neutral polymer brushes...
August 17, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815766/preparation-of-robust-metal-free-magnetic-nanoemulsions-encapsulating-low-molecular-weight-nitroxide-radicals-and-hydrophobic-drugs-directed-toward-mri-visible-targeted-delivery
#17
Rui Tamura, Kota Nagura, Yusa Takemoto, Satori Moronaga, Yoshiaki Uchida, Satoshi Shimono, Akihiko Shiino, Kenji Tanigaki, Tsukuru Amano, Fumi Yoshino, Yohei Noda, Satoshi Koizumi, Naoki Komatsu, Tatsuhisa Kato, Jun Yamauchi
With a view to developing a theranostic nanomedicine for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-visible targeted drug delivery system, robust metal-free magnetic nanoemulsions (mean particle sizes of less than 20 nm) consisting of the biocompatible surfactant 1 and the incorporated hydrophobic low-molecular-weight 2,2,5-trimethyl-5-(4-alkoxy)phenylpyrrolidine-N-oxyl radicals [(±)-2] have been prepared in pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline. The structure of the nanoemulsions has been characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering and small angle neutron scattering measurements...
August 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815433/new-insights-on-the-green-synthesis-of-metallic-nanoparticles-using-plant-and-waste-biomaterials-current-knowledge-their-agricultural-and-environmental-applications
#18
Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale, Han Seung Shin, Jaya Mary Jacob, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Mukesh Bhaisare, Gopalakrishanan Kumar
Nanotechnology is a rapidly growing scientific field and has attracted a great interest over the last few years because of its abundant applications. Green nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that has emerged as a rapidly developing research area, serving as an important technique that emphasize on making the procedure which are clean, non-hazardous, and especially environmentally friendly, in contrast with chemical and physical methods currently employed for nanosynthesis. The biogenic routes could be termed green as these do not involve the use of highly toxic chemicals or elevated energy inputs during the synthesis...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813593/ptni-nanocrystals-supported-on-hollow-carbon-spheres-enhancing-the-electrocatalytic-performance-through-high-temperature-annealing-and-electrochemical-co-stripping-treatments
#19
Chunmei Zhang, Ruizhong Zhang, Xiaokun Li, Wei Chen
PtNi nanoparticles have been proved to be a type of highly efficient electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) among the Pt-based nanomaterials. However, how to improve the surface catalytic activity and stability of polymer-stabilized Pt-based nanocrystals is still a critical issue for their application in fuel cells. In this work, a one-step solvothermal process was used to synthesize PVP-stabilized PtNi nanocubes supported on hollow carbon spheres. With optimized metal precursor ratio (Pt/Ni=1:1) and solvothermal temperature (130 oC), PtNi nanocrystals with uniform size and cubic shape can be synthesized and highly dispersed on hollow carbon spheres...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813154/on-the-roles-of-free-electrons-and-h2o2-in-the-optical-breakdown-induced-photochemical-reduction-of-aqueous-aucl4
#20
Victoria Kathryn Meader, Mallory G John, Collin J Rodrigues, Katharine Moore Tibbetts
Free electrons and H2O2 formed in an optical breakdown plasma are found to di- rectly control the kinetics of [AuCl4]- reduction to form Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) during femtosecond laser-assisted synthesis of AuNPs. The formation rates of both free electrons and H2O2 strongly depend on the energy and duration of the 800 nm laser pulses over the ranges of 10 - 2400 μJ and 30 - 1500 fs. By monitoring the conversion of [AuCl4]- to AuNPs using in situ UV-vis spectroscopy during laser irradiation, the first- and second-order rate constants in the autocatalytic rate law, k1 and k2, were extracted and compared to the computed free electron densities and experimentally measured H2O2 formation rates...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
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