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Preoperative anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094483/italian-validation-of-the-amsterdam-preoperative-anxiety-and-information-scale-apais
#1
Pasquale Buonanno, Anna Laiola, Chiara Palumbo, Gianmario Spinelli, Virginia Terminiello, Giuseppe Servillo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety is usually experienced by patients awaiting surgical procedures and it can negatively impact patient's outcome. The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) is a questionnaire created to identify anxious patients and their need for information: it has been translated and validated in many languages because of its reliability and ease of completion. To date, no Italian version of the APAIS has been produced; our aim was to translate and validate the APAIS in Italian...
January 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091430/impact-of-informed-consent-on-patient-decisions-regarding-third-molar-removal
#2
G Göcmen, O Atalı, O Gonul, K Goker
PURPOSE: We investigated whether the order in which patients learned about complication risks affected their anxiety about and willingness to undergo the removal of their third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 171 patients (65 males, 106 females) were included in the study. The distributions of gender and the position of mandibular third molars were recorded. The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to evaluate anxiety...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#3
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077537/chronic-postsurgical-pain-in-children-prevalence-and-risk-factors-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
H Batoz, F Semjen, M Bordes-Demolis, A Bénard, K Nouette-Gaulain
BACKGROUND: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is well known in adults, with prevalence rates ranging from 10 to 50%. Little is known about the epidemiology of CPSP in children. The aim of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the prevalence of CPSP after surgery in children. METHODS: After informed consent, children aged six to18 yr were included. Characteristics and risk factors for CPSP were recorded. Exclusion criteria included ambulatory surgery, refusal, inability to understand and change of address...
October 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067101/promoting-a-culture-of-prehabilitation-for-the-surgical-cancer-patient
#5
Francesco Carli, Chelsia Gillis, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitative approaches to perioperative cancer care have focused on the postoperative period to facilitate the return to presurgical baseline conditions. However, there is some realization that the preoperative period can be a very effective time for intervention as the patients are more amenable to target their physiological condition to prepare to overcome the metabolic cost of the surgical stress. METHODS: We undertook a narrative review of the current literature on surgical prehabilitation and discussed the current evidence of preoperative interventions before cancer surgery in order to increase physiological reserve before surgery and accelerate postoperative recovery...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065390/-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-before-and-after-surgical-treatment-of-rectovaginal-fistula
#6
A Leroy, H Azaïs, G Giraudet, M Cosson
INTRODUCTION: Rectovaginal fistula requires a complex management because it has an important psychological impact associated with impaired quality of life of patients. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate the improvement of the quality of life of patients after surgical management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. We included patients operated between 2009 and 2014 for the treatment of a rectovaginal fistula, whose data were available and who agreed to answer a questionnaire...
January 3, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065227/influence-of-anesthetic-brochure-on-patient-s-information-gain-preoperative-anxiety-trust-and-satisfaction
#7
Min-Na Li, Xue-Rong Yu, Ya-Juan Wang, Man-Yun Bo, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To assess the impacts of anesthetic brochure on anesthetic information gain, preoperative anxiety, trust to anesthesiologists, and satisfaction to the preanesthesia visit for patients undergoing general anesthesia. Methods Totally 134 patients scheduled for elective thyroid surgery under general anesthesia in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were assigned to two groups using the random number table method, among whom 68 patients received brochure before preoperative visit (brochure group) and 66 patients did not (control group)...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053809/postoperative-quality-of-life-after-total-gastrectomy-compared-with-partial-gastrectomy-longitudinal-evaluation-by-european-organization-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-og25-and-sto22
#8
Jeong-Hwan Lee, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Yun Suk Choi, Tae Han Kim, Yeon-Ju Huh, Yun-Suhk Suh, Seong-Ho Kong, Han-Kwang Yang
PURPOSE: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality-of-life questionnaire-OG25 was developed to evaluate the quality of life in patients with stomach and esophageal cancer. The following are included in the OG25 but not in the STO22: odynophagia, choked when swallowing, weight loss, trouble eating with others, trouble swallowing saliva, trouble talking, and trouble with coughing. In this study, we evaluated the quality of life of gastrectomized patients using both, the OG25 and the STO22...
December 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038973/relaxation-training-and-postoperative-music-therapy-for-adolescents-undergoing-spinal-fusion-surgery
#9
Kirsten Nelson, Mary Adamek, Charmaine Kleiber
Spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis is one of the most painful surgeries experienced by adolescents. Music therapy, utilizing music-assisted relaxation with controlled breathing and imagery, is a promising intervention for reducing pain and anxiety for these patients. It can be challenging to teach new coping strategies to post-operative patients who are already in pain. This study evaluated the effects of introducing music-assisted relaxation training to adolescents before surgery. Outcome measures were self-reported pain and anxiety, recorded on 0-10 numeric rating scale, and observed behavioral indicators of pain and relaxation...
December 27, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#10
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006891/the-efficacy-of-nasal-tip-hold-press-on-venous-cannulation-pain-in-children-a-prospective-randomize-controlled-study
#11
Behzad Maghsoudi, Mehrdad Jookar, Hosein Haddad, Zahra Zoonobi, Mahnaz Rakhshan
BACKGROUND: Venipuncture is a common and quiet unpleasant experience for pediatric patients. The pain associated with venous cannulation disturbs the children. Different methods have been used to minimize the pain. The present study evaluated the efficacy of holding and pressing the tip of the nose on the venipuncture pain in pediatric patients. METHODS: A prospective randomize controlled study carried out using the Visual analogue scale (YAS) for assessment cannulation pain and the Yale preoperative anxiety scale (YPAS) for the assessment of anxiety before cannulation...
December 22, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994412/a-comparative-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-oral-alprazolam-as-premedication-on-vital-parameters-of-patients-during-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars
#12
Sanjay Joshi, Arsalan Shakil Ahmed Ansari, Sima Mazumdar, Sidra Ansari
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and monitor the changes in vital parameters of patients during surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. METHODS: This was an in vivo study conducted in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Terna Dental College. Sixty patients were randomly selected. Thirty patients were given a preoperative single dose of oral tablet alprazolam 0.5 mg as premedication (test group), whereas the other thirty were treated without any premedication (control group)...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993362/factors-associated-with-decisional-regret-among-patients-undergoing-major-thoracic-and-abdominal-operations
#13
Ana Wilson, Megan Winner, Alexander Yahanda, Nikolaos Andreatos, Sean Ronnekleiv-Kelly, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: No study has specifically investigated patient attitudes on decisional regret concerning major operative procedures. The objective of the present study was to define the prevalence of regret among patients who had undergone a major abdominal or thoracic operative procedure and to identify factors associated with postoperative regret. METHODS: Decisional regret was assessed using the validated Decision Regret Scale, which consisted of 5 items with Likert-scale responses...
December 16, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992027/music-listening-for-anxiety-relief-in-children-in-the-preoperative-period-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Mariana André Honorato Franzoi, Cristina Bretas Goulart, Elizabete Oliveira Lara, Gisele Martins
Objective: to investigate the effects of music listening, for 15 minutes, on the preoperative anxiety levels in children undergoing elective surgery in comparison with conventional pediatric surgical care. Method: randomized controlled clinical trial pilot study with 52 children in the preoperative period, aged 3 to 12 years, undergoing elective surgery and randomly allocated in the experimental group (n = 26) and control group (n = 26). Anxiety was assessed in both groups by the application of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and measurement of the physiological variables, upon arrival and 15 minutes after the first measurement...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989970/neurocognitive-function-surrounding-the-resection-of-frontal-who-grade-i-meningiomas-a-prospective-matched-control-study
#15
Philipp Hendrix, Elisa Hans, Christoph J Griessenauer, Andreas Simgen, Joachim Oertel, Julia Karbach
OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering from intracranial meningiomas may suffer from neurocognitive dysfunctions in specific cognitive domains depending on tumor location and size. The literature on the cognitive function surrounding the resection of frontal meningiomas is sparse. METHODS: We performed a prospective matched-control study to investigate the cognitive performance of frontal meningioma patients undergoing resection. The neurocognitive status one week and two months post resection was compared to the preoperative status and to matched-controls...
October 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969049/an-interventional-study-to-provide-telephone-follow-up-support-to-open-heart-surgery-patients-during-recovery
#16
Kristy Chunta
INTRODUCTION: Over 500,000 open-heart (OH) surgery procedures are performed annually to treat cardiovascular and valvular heart disease. Despite the frequency of the procedure, patients face psychosocial and physical challenges that continue long after discharge. The research question for this study was: How does a telephone supportive intervention change anxiety, depression, expectations, and physical health status (PHS) in OH surgery patients? METHODS: A quasi-experimental, repeated measures design was used...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956847/predictors-for-moderate-to-severe-acute-postoperative-pain-after-cesarean-section
#17
Natalia de Carvalho Borges, Lilian Varanda Pereira, Louise Amália de Moura, Thuany Cavalcante Silva, Charlise Fortunato Pedroso
Background. Moderate to severe postoperative pain affects performance of daily activities and it contributes to persistent postoperative pain. In patients submitted to cesarean section, this pain can also interfere with women's ability to care for their babies, to effectively breastfeed, and to satisfactorily interact with their children. Factors influencing the pain perception during the immediate postoperative period have not been widely pursued. Objective. To investigate the incidence and predicting factors of postoperative pain after cesarean section...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956057/sedative-analgesic-activity-of-remifentanil-and-effects-of-preoperative-anxiety-on-perceived-pain-in-outpatient-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#18
A C Torun, M Z Yilmaz, N Ozkan, B Ustun, E Koksal, C Kaya
The aim of this study was to assess the sedative-analgesic activity of different doses of remifentanil and effects of preoperative anxiety on intraoperative pain levels in patients attending a dental clinic. The patients (n=60) were divided into two groups according to the remifentanil infusion dose given: group R1: 0.05μg/kg/min; group R2: 0.1μg/kg/min. The following were evaluated: haemodynamic parameters, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) TX-I score, pain level due to local anaesthesia injection, time to reach a Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS) score of 3, amount of bolus dose, total drug consumption, recovery period, patient and surgeon satisfaction, and complications...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942059/role-of-pre-operative-multimedia-video-information-in-allaying-anxiety-related-to-spinal-anaesthesia-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Raylene Dias, Lipika Baliarsing, Neeraj Kumar Barnwal, Shweta Mogal, Pinakin Gujjar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A high incidence of anxiety has been reported in patients in the operation theatre set up. We developed a short visual clip of 206 s duration depicting the procedure of spinal anaesthesia (SAB) and aimed to compare the effect of this video on perioperative anxiety in patients undergoing procedures under SAB. METHODS: A prospective randomised study of 200 patients undergoing surgery under SAB was conducted. Patients were allotted to either the nonvideo group (Group NV - those who were not shown the video) or the video group (Group V - those who were shown the video)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941441/live-donors-of-the-initial-observational-study-of-uterus-transplantation-psychological-and-medical-follow-up-until-1-year-after-surgery-in-the-9-cases
#20
Niclas Kvarnström, Stina Järvholm, Liza Johannesson, Pernilla Dahm-Kähler, Michael Olausson, Mats Brännström
BACKGROUND: The first prospective observational study of uterus transplantation was initiated in 2013 with live donation to 9 women with absolute uterine factor infertility. We explored the medical complications and psychosocial wellbeing of the donors during the first postoperative year. METHODS: Complications were registered and graded according to the Clavien-Dindo (C-D) classification. Symptoms related to the surgery were registered. Data on length of hospital stay, sick leave, socioeconomic parameters and life events were obtained...
December 8, 2016: Transplantation
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