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Preoperative anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538079/effects-of-music-listening-during-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure-on-pain-and-anxiety-a-randomized-trial
#1
Nopwaree Chantawong, Kittipat Charoenkwan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare pain, anxiety, and satisfaction between women, who listened to music, and those who did not during loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned into two groups. In group 1 (music), the participants listened to relaxing instrumental music through the stereo headset from the time of arrival at the preoperative waiting room until the procedure completed. For group 2 (control), the participants underwent LEEP without music listening...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533693/dna-methylation-at-the-mu-1-opioid-receptor-gene-oprm1-promoter-predicts-preoperative-acute-and-chronic-postsurgical-pain-after-spine-fusion
#2
Vidya Chidambaran, Xue Zhang, Lisa J Martin, Lili Ding, Matthew T Weirauch, Kristie Geisler, Bobbie L Stubbeman, Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, Hong Ji
INTRODUCTION: The perioperative pain experience shows great interindividual variability and is difficult to predict. The mu-1 opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) is known to play an important role in opioid-pain pathways. Since deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation is a potent repressor of gene expression, DNA methylation was evaluated at the OPRM1 promoter, as a predictor of preoperative, acute, and chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in 133 adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing spine fusion under standard protocols...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526550/impact-of-first-eye-versus-second-eye-cataract-surgery-on-visual-function-and-quality-of-life
#3
Nakul S Shekhawat, Michael V Stock, Elizabeth F Baze, Mary K Daly, David E Vollman, Mary G Lawrence, Amy S Chomsky
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of first eye versus second eye cataract surgery on visual function and quality of life. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 328 patients undergoing separate first eye and second eye phacoemulsification cataract surgeries at 5 veterans affairs centers in the United States. Patients with previous ocular surgery, postoperative endophthalmitis, postoperative retinal detachment, reoperation within 30 days, dementia, anxiety disorder, hearing difficulty, or history of drug abuse were excluded...
May 16, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520894/validation-of-a-simple-tool-for-anxiety-trait-screening-in-children-presenting-for-surgery
#4
M Bellon, E Taillardat, A-L Hörlin, H Delivet, C Brasher, J Hilly, S Dahmani
Background.: Screening for preoperative anxiety is an important challenge during the preoperative period. The aim of our study was to validate the faces scale used to detect anxiety trait in children. Methods.: Children aged 8-18 yr were asked to quantify their anxiety trait using the readily available faces scale and to respond to the trait component of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for children (C) or adults (A) before the anaesthesia consultation...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513073/early-neurocognitive-improvements-following-parathyroidectomy-for-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#5
Shivani Shah-Becker, Jonathan Derr, Benjamin S Oberman, Aaron Baker, Brian Saunders, Michele M Carr, David Goldenberg
OBJECTIVES: To establish a time frame for postoperative improvements in neurocognitive function in patients who undergo parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism by utilizing repeat neuropsychological assessment at multiple time points before and after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a tertiary academic medical center between August 2014 and December 2015, including 50 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent parathyroidectomy...
May 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512138/factors-predicting-parent-anxiety-around-infant-and-toddler-postoperative-and-pain
#6
Rebecca E Rosenberg, Rachael A Clark, Patricia Chibbaro, H Rhodes Hambrick, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Chris Feudtner, Alan Mendelsohn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Understanding of parent anxiety and its effect on infant postoperative pain is limited. We sought to identify psychological factors associated with preoperative anxiety for parents of infants and toddlers undergoing elective surgery and to determine whether parent anxiety is associated with child postoperative pain. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of consecutively eligible patients aged ≤18 months undergoing craniofacial surgery and their parents...
May 16, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506160/the-effect-of-psychological-factors-on-the-outcomes-of-carpal-tunnel-release-a-systematic-review
#7
Jin Woo Park, Hyun Sik Gong, Seung Hwan Rhee, Jihyeung Kim, Young Ho Lee, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Several studies report that psychological factors are associated with outcomes of carpal tunnel release. However, interpretation of the association is difficult as there are diverse outcome parameters and patient expectations are different. We performed a systematic review to assess the relationships between psychological factors and the various outcome parameters. METHODS: We identified 611 papers and selected 8 papers that fit the inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503982/anxiety-and-depression-affect-pain-drawings-in-cervical-degenerative-disc-disease
#8
Anna MacDowall, Yohan Robinson, Martin Skeppholm, Claes Olerud
INTRODUCTION: Pain drawings have been frequently used in the preoperative evaluation of spine patients. Until now most investigations have focused on low back pain patients, even though pain drawings are used in neck pain patients as well. The aims of this study were to investigate the pain drawing and its association to preoperative demographics, psychological impairment, and pain intensity. METHODS: We carried out a post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial, comparing cervical disc replacement to fusion for radiculopathy related to degenerative disc disease...
May 15, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494910/the-effects-of-maternal-presence-during-anesthesia-induction-on-salivary-cortisol-levels-in-children-undergoing-tonsillectomy-and-or-adenoidectomy
#9
Hatice K Ozdogan, Sibel Cetinalp, Gokhan Kuran, Onder Tugal, Murat Tahiroglu, Ummuhan E Herdem, Suheyl Haytoglu
OBJECTIVE: Although parental presence during anesthesia induction is suggested to diminish operative stress level in children, there have been conflicting results about this strategy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal presence during induction on operative stress level in children who had tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy by determining the salivary cortisol levels. DESIGN: Non-randomized clinical study. SETTING: Preoperative and postoperative recovery rooms, operating room...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494907/internet-delivered-preoperative-preparation-program-i-ppp-development-and-examination-of-effectiveness
#10
Kristi D Wright, Mateen Raazi, Kirstie L Walker
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Limited evidence-based, interactive, Internet-delivered preoperative preparation programs for children and their parents exist. The purpose of this investigation was to develop and examine the effectiveness of the Internet-delivered, preoperative program (I-PPP) in alleviating prepoperative anxiety in children undergoing outpatient surgery. In Study 1, the I-PPP was developed and then evaluated by parent/child dyads and health care professionals. In Study 2, the effectiveness of I-PPP was examined...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487877/preoperative-fasting-among-adult-patients-for-elective-surgery-in-a-kenyan-referral-hospital
#11
George Njoroge, Lucy Kivuti-Bitok, Samuel Kimani
Background. Preoperative fasting (POF) is physiologically and precautionary important during anesthesia and surgery. POF from midnight has been practiced despite the recommended shorter practice. Objective. Assessing preoperative fasting among adult patients scheduled for elective surgery at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 65 surgical patients. A questionnaire of mixed questions on demographics, reasons, source of instructions, opinion on instructions, time, premedication practices, outcome, and complains on NPO was used...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486829/self-efficacy-is-an-independent-predictor-for-postoperative-six-minute-walk-distance-after-elective-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#12
Kazuhiro Hayashi, Kiyonori Kobayashi, Miho Shimizu, Yohei Tsuchikawa, Akio Kodama, Kimihiro Komori, Yoshihiro Nishida
OBJECTIVES: Open surgery is performed to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), although the subsequent surgical stress leads to worse physical status. Preoperative self-efficacy has been reported to predict postoperative physical status after orthopedic surgery; however, it has not been sufficiently investigated in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the correlation between preoperative self-efficacy and postoperative six-minute walk distance (6MWD) in open AAA surgery...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471509/predictors-of-multidimensional-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#13
Nicholas A Cooper, Barbara A Rakel Rn, M Bridget Zimmerman, Shalome M Tonelli, Keela Herr Rn, Charles R Clark, Nicolas O Noiseux, John J Callaghan, Kathleen A Sluka
Multiple assessments are used clinically after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) including self-report, performance tasks, and physical activity levels. It is unclear if these different functional assessments are interchangeable or if they measure different constructs. The objective of this study was to characterize different functional measures before and after TKA. We characterized function before and after TKA using perceived function (KOOS ADL), physical performance (gait speed), and daily activity (steps/day via accelerometry); compared function in people undergoing TKA to age-matched healthy controls; and examined characteristics of those undergoing TKA for potential predictors of postoperative function...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457325/physician-preference-and-patient-satisfaction-with%C3%A2-radioactive-seed-versus-wire-localization
#14
Anya Romanoff, Hank Schmidt, Matthew McMurray, Annika Burnett, Audree Condren, Elisa Port
BACKGROUND: Nonpalpable breast lesions require localization before excision. This is most commonly performed with a wire (WL) or a radioactive seed (SL), which is placed into the breast under radiographic guidance. Although there are advantages of each modality, there are no guidelines to address which patients should undergo WL versus SL. We investigated factors influencing the selection of SL versus WL at our institution and assessed patient satisfaction with each procedure. METHODS: Patients undergoing preoperative localization of nonpalpable breast lesions from May 2014 through August 2015 were included...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456448/prospective-longitudinal-assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck-and-their-primary-carers
#15
W Terro, St J Crean
Cancer of the head and neck has profound psychosocial and physical effects on patients, so quality of life (QoL) is an essential consideration-not only is it of importance to the patient but it also provides a subjective measure of the success of treatment. However, we know of little work about its influence on carers. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the diagnosis and treatment on the QoL of patients and their carers from baseline (preoperatively) to three months postoperatively. Thirty-six patients and 21 primary carers were enrolled, and patients completed one head-and-neck-specific measure, the University of Washington Head and Neck, Version Four (UW-V4), and three other questionnaires, both at the time of diagnosis and at one and three months postoperatively...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456425/the-position-of-a-written-document-in-preoperative-information-for-pediatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-parental-anxiety-knowledge-and-satisfaction
#16
M Landier, T Villemagne, A Le Touze, K Braïk, P Meignan, A R Cook, B Morel, H Lardy, A Binet
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative information is a legal and ethical obligation. Very little studies have evaluated the preoperative information method in pediatrics. Having a child operated on is stressful for the parents. Improving information is a way to lower their anxiety. Our study aims to measure the impact of a leaflet, which supports spoken information on parental anxiety, the comprehension-memorization of the information and their satisfaction. MATERIALS & METHODS: Prospective study including 178 patients of outpatient surgery, randomized in two groups: spoken information versus spoken information supported by a leaflet, which is then handed out to the parents...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453350/prognostic-variables-for-patient-return-to-work-interval-following-carpal-tunnel-release-in-a-workers-compensation-population
#17
Jenniefer Y Kho, Michael P Gaspar, Patrick M Kane, Sidney M Jacoby, Eon K Shin
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that depressive and anxiety disorders, chronic pain conditions, and work-related factors are significant determinants of the time interval for return to work (RTW) in the workers' compensation (WC) population following carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of all WC patients who underwent open CTR surgery over a 5-year period by 1 of 3 fellowship-trained hand surgeons. One hundred fifty-two wrists in 108 patients (64 unilateral, 44 bilateral) met the inclusion criteria...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442953/role-of-flupirtine-in-reducing-preoperative-anxiety-of-patients-undergoing-craniotomy-procedure
#18
Ghanshyam Yadav, Gaurav Jain, Malkhan Singh
BACKGROUND: Kv7 neuronal channels are recognized as a potential drug target for anxiolytic effects. We hypothesize that flupirtine as a potassium channel opener would effectively reduce the preoperative anxiety of patients undergoing craniotomy procedure. METHODS: In prospective-double-blinded fashion, 124 counseled patients were randomized to receive 5 sequential doses of capsule flupirtine 100 mg (F Group) or physically similar starch capsules (C Group), at 12 h intervals during preoperative hospitalization...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440047/mental-illness-in-bariatric-surgery-a-cohort-study-from-the-portal-network
#19
David Fisher, Karen J Coleman, David E Arterburn, Heidi Fischer, Ayae Yamamoto, Deborah R Young, Nancy E Sherwood, Connie Mah Trinacty, Kristina H Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To compare bariatric surgery outcomes according to preoperative mental illness category. METHODS: Electronic health record data from several US healthcare systems were used to compare outcomes of four groups of patients who underwent bariatric surgery in 2012 and 2013. These included the following: people with (1) no mental illness, (2) mild-to-moderate depression or anxiety, (3) severe depression or anxiety, and (4) bipolar, psychosis, or schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
May 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425829/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-versus-midazolam-for-premedication-in-paediatric-anaesthesia-with-sevoflurane-a-meta-analysis
#20
Ji-Feng Feng, Xiao-Xia Wang, Yan-Yan Lu, Deng-Ge Pang, Wei Peng, Jian-Lan Mo
Background Dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α2-adrenergic receptor agonist, produces ideal sedation and early postoperative recovery for premedication in paediatric surgery, reducing preoperative anxiety and facilitating smooth induction of anaesthesia. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effects of DEX and midazolam (MDZ) in paediatric anaesthesia with sevoflurane. Methods PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and Public Health Management Corporation were searched through December 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared DEX and MDZ in children undergoing sevoflurane anaesthesia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
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