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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912957/acupuncture-and-related-techniques-during-perioperative-period-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
H Volkan Acar
Acupuncture has been used in the Far East for more than 2000 years. Since the early 1970s, this technique has been gaining popularity among Western medical community. A number of studies suggest that its mechanism of effect can be explained in biomedical terms. In this context, a number of transmitters and modulators including beta-endorphin, serotonin, substance P, interleukins, and calcitonin gene-related peptide are released. For that reason, acupuncture can be used in a wide variety of clinical conditions...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906757/effect-of-an-immersive-preoperative-virtual-reality-experience-on-patient-reported-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Kimon Bekelis, Daniel Calnan, Nathan Simmons, Todd A MacKenzie, George Kakoulides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exposure to a virtual reality (VR) environment preoperatively on patient-reported outcomes for surgical operations. BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of well-developed quality improvement initiatives targeting patient satisfaction. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial of patients undergoing cranial and spinal operations in a tertiary referral center. Patients underwent a 1:1 randomization to an immersive preoperative VR experience or standard preoperative experience stratified on type of operation...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876531/patient-centered-quality-of-life-measures-after-alloplastic-temporomandibular-joint-replacement-surgery
#3
X Alakailly, D Schwartz, N Alwanni, C Demko, M A Altay, Y Kilinc, D A Baur, F Quereshy
The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient-reported outcome measures of quality of life (QoL) for patients with end-stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease who have undergone TMJ prosthetic replacement. The records of 36 patients who had undergone alloplastic total joint replacement procedures were analyzed. Patients were treated using either TMJ Concepts or Biomet/Lorenz prosthetics. Patients were asked to complete a 12-item TMJ-S-QoL survey, which encompassed questions pertaining to pain, speech, chewing function, and various aspects of social life and mental health...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876035/study-protocol-evaluation-of-a-dvd-intervention-designed-to-meet-the-informaton-needs-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-and-their-partner-carer-and-families
#4
Vicki Parker, Leearna Bennett, Douglas Bellamy, Benjamin Britton, Sylvia Lambert
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo surgery for cancer of the head and neck and their families face complex and difficult challenges and are at risk of anxiety and depression and inability to cope with symptom and treatment burden. Information available to support them is not flexible enough to adjust to individual need. DESIGN/METHODS: A randomised clinical trial pre and post intervention design, comparing the use of a tailored DVD intervention, provided preoperatively and used throughout the post- operative period, with usual treatment...
November 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871552/preoperative-depressed-mood-and-perioperative-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-with-hepatic-cancer
#5
Eun-Hee Kim, Jin-Hyoung Park, Sangmin M Lee, Mi-Sook Gwak, Gaab-Soo Kim, Myung-Hee Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: How perioperative heart rate variability (HRV) indices differ according to the anxiety or depressed mood of patients scheduled to undergo a major surgical procedure for cancer. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty-one male patients between 40 and 70 years of age with hepatocellular carcinoma were included in the final analysis. INTERVENTIONS: HRV was measured on the day before surgery (T1), impending anesthesia (T2), and after anesthetic induction (T3)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863589/limb-loss-the-unspoken-psychological-aspect
#6
Jasmiry Bennett
In the United States, health care providers have diagnosed 29.1 million people with diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes is the main reason for limb loss. This review addresses the lack of psychological support after limb loss. Few scholarly sources analyze the psychological aspects of limb loss before and after amputation. These sources report that patients do not have a clear understanding of their disease process and that patients often report a lack of empathy and communication from health care providers. There is no standardization of postoperative care instructions causing great confusion and increasing anxiety for both the patient and the caregivers...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852888/the-influence-of-preoperative-psychological-factors-on-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#7
Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Ilaria Petrucci, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Cosimo Callari, Piero Giustacchini, Liliana Sollazzi, Geltrude Mingrone, Rocco Bellantone, Marco Raffaelli
Aim of this study was to investigate relationship between preoperative psychological factors and % total weight loss after gastric bypass. 76 adult patients scheduled for bariatric surgery were preoperatively asked to complete anxiety and depression Hamilton scales and Toronto Alexithymia Scale. At 3- and 6-month follow-up, body weight was assessed. At 6-month follow-up, alexithymic patients showed a poorer % total weight loss compared with non-alexithymic patients (p = .017), and moderately depressed patients showed a lower % total weight loss compared with non-depressed patients (p = ...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846296/the-influence-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-psychological-symptoms-on-clinical-outcome-after-shoulder-surgery-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Rinco C T Koorevaar, Esther van 't Riet, Marleen J J Gerritsen, Kim Madden, Sjoerd K Bulstra
BACKGROUND: Psychological symptoms are highly prevalent in patients with shoulder complaints. Psychological symptoms in patients with shoulder complaints might play a role in the aetiology, perceived disability and pain and clinical outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative symptoms of distress, depression, anxiety and somatisation were associated with a change in function after shoulder surgery and postoperative patient perceived improvement of pain and function...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833482/preassessment-clinic-interview-and-patient-anxiety
#9
Stephen Davidson, Douglas McKendrick, Tara French
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that patients have increased anxiety before elective surgery, however, previous research investigating the effect of preassessment clinics (PACs) on anxiety levels has been limited specifically to patient information literature or multimedia use, rather than the consultation process itself. The aim was to investigate the effect attendance at PAC had on patients' anxiety levels, associated with their subsequent surgery and anesthetic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey consisted of a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based, quantitative study investigating patients' anxiety levels before and after attendance at the PAC...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824301/measurement-and-variation-in-estimation-of-quality-of-life-effects-of-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#10
Carrie Cunningham Lubitz, Lucia De Gregorio, Abbey L Fingeret, Konstantinos P Economopoulos, Diana A Teremzawi, Mursal Hassan, Sareh Parangi, Antonia Stephen, Elkan F Halpern, Karen Donelan, J Shannon Swan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer incidence is increasing. The effect of diagnosis and treatment on health related quality of life (HRQoL) is an essential variable given no change in life span for the majority of patients. HRQoL instruments, with data useful for between-disease comparisons, are being increasingly used for health policy and outcomes evaluation. Variation exits among the instruments based on the impact of a specific disease. We assessed which of four well-validated preference-based surveys detect changes in health and clinical intervention in patients diagnosed with the papillary thyroid cancer (PTC)...
November 8, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822378/changes-in-exercise-capacity-muscle-strength-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy
#11
Takayuki Inoue, Satoru Ito, Masahiko Ando, Motoki Nagaya, Hiromichi Aso, Yota Mizuno, Keiko Hattori, Hiroki Nakajima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yukiko Niwa, Yasuhiro Kodera, Masahiko Koike, Yoshinori Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Surgery for cancer of the thoracic esophagus is a challenging procedure associated with high morbidity and mortality. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of the patients and to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the preoperative functional exercise capacity, muscle strength, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with esophageal cancer, and to evaluate the impact of radical esophagectomy on these parameters...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819756/ultrasound-detection-of-prostatic-calculi-as-a-parameter-to-predict-the-appearance-of-hematospermia-after-a-prostate-biopsy
#12
Lucio Dell'Atti
PURPOSE: We evaluated the correlation between prostate calculi and hematospermia in patients undergoing prostate biopsy, and its impact on sexual activity of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center prospective randomized study of 212 patients referred for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSBx) was performed. All patients were divided into two groups: Group A (GA), 106 patients with moderate/marked presence of prostatic calculi visualized by TRUS; Group B (GB), 106 patients with absence/scarce of prostatic calcifications...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799179/development-psychometric-evaluation-and-validation-of-a-brief-measure-of-emotional-preoperative-stress-b-meps-to-predict-moderate-to-intense-postoperative-acute-pain
#13
W Caumo, M Nazare Furtado da Cunha, S Camey, S Maris de Jezus Castro, I L S Torres, L Cadore Stefani
BACKGROUND: Preoperative stress might influence postoperative pain, thereby, it is desirable to assess it more precisely. Thus, we developed and evaluated the psychometric properties of a brief measure of emotional preoperative stress (B-MEPS) index using Item Response Category Characteristic Curves. We validated and assessed whether the B-MEPS can predict moderate to intense acute postoperative pain (MIAPP). METHODS: We included 863 adult patients who underwent elective surgeries (ASA I-III physical status)...
November 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790295/psychological-and-sexual-effects-of-circumcision-in-adult-males
#14
Yasin Aydogmus, Murat Semiz, Okan Er, Okan Bas, Irfan Atay, Muhammet Fatih Kilinc
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate the psychological and sexual effects of circumcision in adult men, and analyze these changes following circumcision. METHODS: We included 37 adults who applied to our clinic for circumcision and who did not have any psychiatric or urologic disorders and age-matched 30 controls in our study. Body Cathexis Scale (BCS), Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), and Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) were applied to the study group twice, once before and once three months after circumcision, and only once in the control group...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782239/-the-accreditation-of-professional-competence-the-analysis-of-nursing-br-interventions-to-control-anxiety-in-surgical-patients
#15
Pilar Brea-Rivero, Manuel Herrera-Usagre, Ana Rojas-de-Mora-Figueroa, Thomas Esposito
: . The accreditation of professional competence: the analysis of nursing interventions to control anxiety in surgical patients. INTRODUCTION: The preoperative anxiety is a state of discomfort or unpleasant tension resulting from concerns about illness, hospitalization, anesthesia, surgery or the unknown. Nurses play a vital role reducing preoperative anxiety. An accreditation program was developed in Andalusia (Spain) to measure nurses' competences in this and others fields...
July 2016: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768177/addressing-practice-gaps-in-cutaneous-surgery-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
Kathryn L Kreicher, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Cutaneous surgery is performed by otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologic surgeons, and some primary care physicians. Practice gaps exist among cutaneous surgeons, as do differences in how different physicians approach preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative decision-making. Objective: To present the newest and best evidence to close common practice gaps in cutaneous surgery. Evidence Review: We performed a detailed search of peer-reviewed publications that were identified through a search of PubMed/MEDLINE (January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2016) using the literature search terms "cutaneous surgery," "Mohs micrographic surgery," "plastic surgery," in combination with "safety," "cost," "anesthesia," "anti-coagulation," "bleeding," "pain," "analgesia," "anxiety," or "infection," among others...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765547/does-psychological-profile-influence-third-molar-extraction-and-postoperative-pain
#17
Raquel González-Martínez, María Del Mar Jovani-Sancho, Isidoro Cortell-Ballester
PURPOSE: Our purposes were to determine the influence of psychological profile on hemodynamic changes in patients who undergo surgical removal of the third molars under intravenous sedation and to evaluate the effect on patients' anxiety and postoperative recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 100 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I and II; aged ≥18 years) seen in the CIMIVClinic (Department of Oral Surgery, Casa de Salud University Hospital, Valencia, Spain) who underwent extractions of all third molars under intravenous sedation...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759831/caregivers-reactions-to-preoperative-procedures-in-outpatient-pediatric-surgery
#18
André Bohomol Velhote, Elena Bohomol, Manoel Carlos Prieto Velhote
Objective: To identify pediatric caregivers' reactions in outpatient surgery settings. Methods: A quantitative descriptive/exploratory survey-based study involving application of a semi-structured questionnaire to 62 caregivers in two hospitals. Results: Most caregivers (88.7%) were mothers who submitted to preoperative fasting with their children. Nervousness, anxiety and concern were the most common feelings reported by caregivers on the day of the surgery...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755324/prognostic-factors-for-return-to-work-following-surgery-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#19
Susan Peters, Venerina Johnston, Sonia Hines, Mark Ross, Michel Coppieters
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common problem, that can be effectively managed by surgery. Screening for prognostic factors is important to identify workers who are at a greater risk of a poor work outcome in order to implement tailored interventions to facilitate their return-to-work. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the best available evidence on the association of preoperative prognostic factors with work-related outcomes in people who have undergone carpal tunnel surgery...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751583/physical-and-mental-recovery-after-conventional-aortic-valve-surgery
#20
Johannes Petersen, Eik Vettorazzi, Lena Winter, Wolfram Schmied, Ingrid Kindermann, Hans-Joachim Schäfers
OBJECTIVE: Physical and mental recovery are important factors to consider in the treatment of aortic valve disease, and the process of recovery is not well known. We investigated the course of physical and mental recovery directly after conventional aortic valve surgery. METHODS: In a longitudinal study, 60 patients undergoing elective aortic valve surgery were studied preoperatively and at intervals of 4 weeks after aortic valve surgery. The last measurement was taken 6 months postoperatively...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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