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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956936/teacher-child-dependency-and-teacher-sensitivity-predict-engagement-of-children-with-attachment-problems
#1
Jantine L Spilt, Eleonora Vervoort, Karine Verschueren
It is suggested that dependent teacher-child relationships are associated with emotional insecurity and a lack of autonomous exploration that interferes with children's school development. This might be especially observed among children with attachment problems who may have developed a profound sense of insecurity in relationships with others. In this study, the effects of dependency on children's classroom and peer engagement were examined as well as the protective role of teacher sensitivity. The sample included 85 Belgian children with mild to severe attachment problems and 70 teachers from special education schools...
September 28, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950805/risk-factors-for-cefepime-nonsusceptible-gram-negative-infections-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients
#2
A M Boyd, A J Perissinotti, J L Nagel, D G Frame, B L Marini
Purpose Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients undergo myelosuppressive chemotherapy to allow engraftment of stem cells and are at particularly high risk for bacterial infections and adverse outcomes. Patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplant are at increased risk for healthcare-associated infections, including infections with multidrug-resistant pathogens. Cefepime is a commonly prescribed antibiotic for empiric therapy in hematopoietic cell transplant patients, but there is minimal data describing cefepime resistance rates, risk factors for resistance, and clinical outcomes associated with cefepime-resistant infections...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892233/hyaluronic-acid-microneedle-patch-for-the-improvement-of-crow-s-feet-wrinkles
#3
Sun Young Choi, Hyun Jung Kwon, Ga Ram Ahn, Eun Jung Ko, Kwang Ho Yoo, Beom Joon Kim, Changjin Lee, Daegun Kim
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has an immediate volumizing effect, due to its strong water-binding potential, and stimulates fibroblasts, causing collagen synthesis, with short- and long-term effects on wrinkle improvement. We investigated the efficacy and safety of HA microneedle patches for crow's feet wrinkles. Using a randomized spilt-face design, we compared microneedle patches with a topical application containing the same active ingredients. We enrolled 34 Korean female subjects with mild to moderate crow's feet wrinkles...
September 11, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852294/a-spilt-head-study-of-efficacy-of-placebo-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-in-the-treatment-of-androgenic-alopecia
#4
Dilip Kachhawa, Gauri Vats, Durgesh Sonare, Pankaj Rao, Sandeep Khuraiya, Rohit Kataiya
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma with haemostatic and tissue repairing effects. Being enriched by various growth factors, PRP has become the focus of attention in numerous fields of medicine. Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is a common chronic hair loss disorder, characterised by progressive hair loss. Despite the therapeutic options available, there is low patient compliance and satisfaction rate...
April 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795884/results-of-directly-applied-activated-carbon-cloth-in-chronic-wounds-a-preliminary-study
#5
H S Scheer, M Kaiser, U Zingg
OBJECTIVE: Activated carbon (AC) has been used in wound therapy as an active substance inside dressings. Applying AC directly on a wound is a new concept. The aim of this study was to analyse the outcomes of chronic wounds which were managed with directly applied activated carbon knitted cloth (ACC, Zorflex) in Swiss patients. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of the records of all patients with chronic wounds treated with ACC between 1 October 2013 and 31 December 2015 in an outpatient wound clinic...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662428/bacterial-communities-and-chemical-parameters-in-soils-and-coastal-sediments-in-response-to-diesel-spills-at-carlini-station-antarctica
#6
Susana Vázquez, Patrick Monien, Roberto Pepino Minetti, Jutta Jürgens, Antonio Curtosi, Julia Villalba Primitz, Stephan Frickenhaus, Doris Abele, Walter Mac Cormack, Elisabeth Helmke
A diesel spill occurring at Carlini Station (King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands) in 2009 started the study of the fate of the hydrocarbons and their effect on the bacterial communities of the Potter Cove ecosystem. Soils and sediments were sampled across the 200-meter long diesel plume towards Potter Cove four and 15months after the spill. The sampling revealed a second fuel leakage from an underground pipeline at the spill site. The hydrocarbon fraction spilt over frozen and snow-covered ground reached the sea and dispersed with the currents...
December 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421026/keeping-the-spirits-up-the-effect-of-teachers-and-parents-emotional-support-on-children-s-working-memory-performance
#7
Loren Vandenbroucke, Jantine Spilt, Karine Verschueren, Dieter Baeyens
Working memory, used to temporarily store and mentally manipulate information, is important for children's learning. It is therefore valuable to understand which (contextual) factors promote or hinder working memory performance. Recent research shows positive associations between positive parent-child and teacher-student interactions and working memory performance and development. However, no study has yet experimentally investigated how parents and teachers affect working memory performance. Based on attachment theory, the current study investigated the role of parent and teacher emotional support in promoting working memory performance by buffering the negative effect of social stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215071/chemical-and-equipment-free-strategy-to-fabricate-water-oil-separating-materials-for-emergent-oil-spill-accidents
#8
Guannan Ju, Jing Liu, Donglin Li, Mengjiao Cheng, Feng Shi
Oil spill accidents normally have two important features when considering practical cleanup strategies: (1) unexpected occurrence in any situations possibly without specific equipment and chemicals; (2) emergency to be cleaned to minimize the influences on ecosystems. To address these two practical problems regarding removal of spilt oil, we have proposed an in situ, rapid, and facile candle-soot strategy to fabricate water/oil separating materials based on superhydrophobicity/superoleophilicity. The one-step fabrication method is independent of any chemicals or equipment and can be ready for use through short smoking processes within 5 min by using raw materials available in daily life such as textiles...
March 14, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188362/comparing-renal-function-preservation-after-laparoscopic-radio-frequency-ablation-assisted-tumor-enucleation-and-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-for-clinical-t1a-renal-tumor-using-a-3d-parenchyma-measurement-system
#9
Liangsong Zhu, Guangyu Wu, Jiwei Huang, Jianfeng Wang, Ruiyun Zhang, Wen Kong, Wei Xue, Yiran Huang, Yonghui Chen, Jin Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the renal function preservation between laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 246 patients who underwent laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for solitary cT1a renal cell carcinoma from January 2013 to July 2015. To reduce the intergroup difference, we used a 1:1 propensity matching analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135883/efficacy-and-durability-of-hyaluronic-acid-fillers-for-malar-enhancement-a-prospective-randomized-spilt-face-clinical-controlled-trial
#10
Ki Heon Jeong, Min Jae Gwak, Sung Kyung Moon, Sang Jun Lee, Min Kyung Shin
Various hyaluronic acid fillers can be used for facial attenuation and rejuvenation. The efficacy and durability of hyaluronic acid fillers are of major concern to dermatologists and patients. This study aimed to evaluate three dimensional morphology, tissue distribution, and changes in volume after injection of two different hyaluronic acid fillers. Ten Korean women were enrolled in this study. Each subject was injected with monophasic hyaluronic acid filler in one malar area and biphasic filler in the other...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102287/crotalus-atrox-venom-preconditioning-increases-plasma-fibrinogen-and-reduces-perioperative-hemorrhage-in-a-rat-model-of-surgical-brain-injury
#11
Cherine H Kim, Devin W McBride, Ronak Raval, Prativa Sherchan, Karen L Hay, Eric C K Gren, Wayne Kelln, Tim Lekic, William K Hayes, Brian S Bull, Richard Applegate, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
Perioperative bleeding is a potentially devastating complication in neurosurgical patients, and plasma fibrinogen concentration has been identified as a potential modifiable risk factor for perioperative bleeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate preconditioning with Crotalus atrox venom (Cv-PC) as potential preventive therapy for reducing perioperative hemorrhage in the rodent model of surgical brain injury (SBI). C. atrox venom contains snake venom metalloproteinases that cleave fibrinogen into fibrin split products without inducing clotting...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075371/dynamic-oil-in-water-concentration-acquisition-on-a-pilot-scaled-offshore-water-oil-separation-facility
#12
Petar Durdevic, Chitra S Raju, Mads V Bram, Dennis S Hansen, Zhenyu Yang
This article is a feasibility study on using fluorescence-based oil-in-water (OiW) monitors for on-line dynamic efficiency measurement of a deoiling hydrocyclone. Dynamic measurements are crucial in the design and validation of dynamic models of the hydrocyclones, and to our knowledge, no dynamic OiW analysis of hydrocyclones has been carried out. Previous studies have extensively studied the steady state efficiency perspective of hydrocyclones, and have related them to different key parameters, such as the pressure drop ratio (PDR), inlet flow rate, and the flow-spilt...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065549/an-experimental-investigation-of-underwater-spread-of-oil-spill-in-a-shear-flow
#13
Hongjun Zhu, Jiahui You, Honglei Zhao
The time taken for spilt oil to appear firstly at the sea surface and its location are two key issues for emergency response. The underwater spread of oil spill in a shear flow was studied experimentally in a re-circulating water channel. The high speed imaging technology was employed to record the whole transport process of oil spilt from a leak of a submarine pipe to the surface. Based on the experimental results, three underwater transport types are identified, which are single droplet pattern (model A), linear chain pattern (model B) and oil plume pattern (model C), respectively...
March 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047190/su-f-t-387-a-novel-optimization-technique-for-field-in-field-fif-chestwall-radiation-therapy-using-a-single-plan-to-improve-delivery-safety-and-treatment-planning-efficiency
#14
A Tabibian, A Kim, J Rose, M Alvelo, C Perel, K Laiken, N Sheth
PURPOSE: A novel optimization technique was developed for field-in-field (FIF) chestwall radiotherapy using bolus every other day. The dosimetry was compared to currently used optimization. METHODS: The prior five patients treated at our clinic to the chestwall and supraclavicular nodes with a mono-isocentric four-field arrangement were selected for this study. The prescription was 5040 cGy in 28 fractions, 5 mm bolus every other day on the tangent fields, 6 and/or 10 MV x-rays, and multileaf collimation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833350/staged-ridge-split-procedure-in-the-management-of-horizontal-ridge-deficiency-utilizing-piezosurgery
#15
A B Tarun Kumar, M G Triveni, V Priyadharshini, D S Mehta
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Edentulism is an incapacitating and irretrievable condition which can lead unswervingly to functional limitation, physical, psychological and social handicap. Maintenance of bone after tooth loss to improve retention, function, and performance of the restoration is a challenging task. The existence of a thin edentulous ridge signifies a clinical situation that is more complex for the placement of endosseous implants. Dental rehabilitation of the edentulous ridges with oral implants has become a routine treatment modality in the last few decades with consistent long term results...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604151/enhancing-endosomal-escape-for-intracellular-delivery-of-macromolecular-biologic-therapeutics
#16
Peter Lönn, Apollo D Kacsinta, Xian-Shu Cui, Alexander S Hamil, Manuel Kaulich, Khirud Gogoi, Steven F Dowdy
Bioactive macromolecular peptides and oligonucleotides have significant therapeutic potential. However, due to their size, they have no ability to enter the cytoplasm of cells. Peptide/Protein transduction domains (PTDs), also called cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), can promote uptake of macromolecules via endocytosis. However, overcoming the rate-limiting step of endosomal escape into the cytoplasm remains a major challenge. Hydrophobic amino acid R groups are known to play a vital role in viral escape from endosomes...
September 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594168/second-generation-locked-plating-for-complex-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-very-elderly-patients
#17
Ashok S Gavaskar, Bhupesh Karthik B, Naveen C Tummala, Parthasarathy Srinivasan, Hitesh Gopalan
OBJECTIVES: Humeral head sacrificing procedures are more favored in elderly patients with complex proximal humerus fractures because of high incidence of failures and complications with osteosynthesis. The purpose of this study is to assess the outcome of second generation locked plating techniques in 3 and 4 part fractures in active elderly patients >70years with an emphasis on function and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 patients with displaced 3 and 4 part proximal humerus fractures were treated using the principles of second-generation proximal humerus locked plating...
November 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544248/use-of-bayesian-belief-network-techniques-to-explore-the-interaction-of-biosecurity-practices-on-the-probability-of-porcine-disease-occurrence-in-canada
#18
Ruth Cox, Crawford W Revie, Daniel Hurnik, Javier Sanchez
Identification and quantification of pathogen threats need to be a priority for the Canadian swine industry so that resources can be focused where they will be most effective. Here we create a tool based on a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) to model the interaction between biosecurity practices and the probability of occurrence of four different diseases on Canadian swine farms. The benefits of using this novel approach, in comparison to other methods, is that it enables us to explore both the complex interaction and the relative importance of biosecurity practices on the probability of disease occurrence...
September 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262444/the-socio-behavioral-development-of-children-with-symptoms-of-attachment-disorder-an-observational-study-of-teacher-sensitivity-in-special-education
#19
Jantine L Spilt, Eleonora Vervoort, Anne-Katrien Koenen, Guy Bosmans, Karine Verschueren
BACKGROUND: Children with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) have serious socio-behavioral problems and often rely on socially abnormal, aggressive, and manipulative forms of communication. Little is known, however, about the influence of teachers on the socio-behavioral development of children with symptoms of RAD. AIMS: This longitudinal study examined the influence of teacher sensitivity on the socio-behavioral development of children with symptoms of RAD across one school year...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255927/use-of-praise-and-reprimands-as-critical-ingredients-of-teacher-behavior-management-effects-on-children-s-development-in-the-context-of-a-teacher-mediated-classroom-intervention
#20
Jantine L Spilt, Geertje Leflot, Patrick Onghena, Hilde Colpin
This intervention study examined teachers' use of verbal praise and reprimands as specific components of teacher behavior management that can promote children's development in schools. The impact of teacher praise and reprimands on children's development was examined in the context of a teacher-mediated, classroom intervention. The sample involved 570 children and 30 teachers from second grade classrooms in 15 primary schools. The Good Behavior Game was implemented in half of the classrooms based on random assignment within schools...
August 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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