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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679808/%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-composite-ceramics-with-high-compressive-strength-enhanced-osteogenesis-and-inhibited-osteoclastic-activities
#1
Ye Tian, Teliang Lu, Fupo He, Yubin Xu, Haishan Shi, Xuetao Shi, Fei Zuo, Shanghua Wu, Jiandong Ye
β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is well known as a resorbable bone repair material due to its inherent excellent biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. However, β-TCP is encountered with osteostimulation-deficiency and poor mechanical strength because of poor sinterability. Herein, we prepared novel β-TCP composite ceramics (TCP/SPGs) by introducing strontium-containing phosphate-based glass (SPG; 45P2 O5 -32SrO-23Na2 O) as sintering additive. The SPG helped to achieve efficient liquid-phase sintering of β-TCP at 1100 °C...
April 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#2
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679109/parallel-versus-orthogonal-plate-osteosynthesis-of-adult-distal-humerus-fractures-a-meta-analysis-of-biomechanical-studies
#3
Chien-An Shih, Wei-Ren Su, Wei-Chin Lin, Tai-Wei Tai
PURPOSE: There are two widely used distal humerus fracture (DHF) fixation methods with either orthogonal or parallel double-plate osteosynthesis. However, biomechanical studies have shown inconsistent results on which technique is more effective. We performed a meta-analysis to compare these two fixation methods for adult DHF fixation. METHODS: We searched the literature for entries discussing the biomechanical testing of orthogonal and parallel fixation techniques for DHFs...
April 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678396/time-to-peak-torque-and-acceleration-time-are-altered-in-male-patients-following-traumatic-shoulder-instability
#4
Jin Hyuck Lee, Ji Soon Park, Hyun Jung Hwang, Woong Kyo Jeong
BACKGROUND: Numerous authors have evaluated the strength of the rotator cuff muscles in patients with shoulder instability. However, only limited data are available with regard to neuromuscular control in patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability, in particular at 90° of abduction. This study was designed to assess muscle strength and neuromuscular control ability using time to peak torque and acceleration time in nonathletic patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678328/chairside-cad-cam-materials-part-3-cyclic-fatigue-parameters-and-lifetime-predictions
#5
Michael Wendler, Renan Belli, Diana Valladares, Anselm Petschelt, Ulrich Lohbauer
OBJECTIVES: Chemical and mechanical degradation play a key role on the lifetime of dental restorative materials. Therefore, prediction of their long-term performance in the oral environment should base on fatigue, rather than inert strength data, as commonly observed in the dental material's field. The objective of the present study was to provide mechanistic fatigue parameters of current dental CAD/CAM materials under cyclic biaxial flexure and assess their suitability in predicting clinical fracture behaviors...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678248/influence-of-immediate-dentin-sealing-and-interim-cementation-on-the-adhesion-of-indirect-restorations-with-dual-polymerizing-resin-cement
#6
Nallu G L Hironaka, Adriana L M Ubaldini, Francielle Sato, Marcelo Giannini, Raquel S S Terada, Renata C Pascotto
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dentin surface contamination before the cementation of indirect restorations may impact bonding effectiveness. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to analyze the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) and interim cementation on the adhesion of indirect restorations with a dual-polymerizing resin cement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Composite resin inlays were placed in class V cavities prepared in the buccal and lingual surfaces of 30 extracted human molars with a dual-polymerizing resin cement in 3 different ways (n=10): CG, directly on dentin; PG, after 14 days interim cementation; SG, after IDS and 14 days interim cementation...
April 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677848/numerical-study-on-alternating-current-breakdown-mechanism-between-sphere-sphere-electrodes-in-transformer-oil-based-magnetic-nanofluids
#7
Won-Ho Lee, Jong-Chul Lee
A numerical simulation was developed for magnetic nanoparticles in a liquid dielectric to investigate the AC breakdown voltage of the magnetic nanofluids according to the volume concentration of the magnetic nanoparticles. In prior research, we found that the dielectric breakdown voltage of the transformer oil-based magnetic nanofluids was positively or negatively affected according to the amount of magnetic nanoparticles under a testing condition of dielectric fluids, and the trajectory of the magnetic nanoparticles in a fabricated chip was visualized to verify the related phenomena via measurements and computations...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677796/preparation-and-characterization-of-novel-dental-material-with-high-shear-bond-strength
#8
Duck Hyun Kim, Min Jae Lee, A-Young Sung
HPMA (hydroxypropyl methacrylate) and Bis-GMA (bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate), the main ingredients, and styrene, TEGDMA (triethylene glycol dimethacrylate), BPO (benzoyl peroxide) and camphoroquinone, the photo-initiators, and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene), the photocatalyst were mixed by different ratios and stirred to investigate the compatibility of dental materials with photoinitiators. The degree of polymerization was checked and determination of the most ideal ratio for photopolymerization was followed by establishing the basic combination of styrene, HPMA, Bis-GMA, BHT, TEGDMA and HEMA...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677783/investigation-of-surface-properties-of-fluorocarbon-films-produced-using-plasma-techniques
#9
Se-Bi Jung, Youn-Jeong Cho, Jihye Lee, Kang-Bong Lee, Yeonhee Lee
Different fluorocarbon thin films were deposited on Si substrates using two different plasma polymerization methods. Fluorine-containing hydrophobic thin films were obtained using inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and capacitively coupled plasma (CCP) with a mixture of fluorocarbon precursors (C2F6, C3F8, or c-C4F8) and an unsaturated hydrocarbon (C2H2). Different process parameters for plasma polymerization (e.g., processing time) were used to generate various fluorocarbon thin films. The hydrophobic properties and mechanical properties of the new products were measured using a profilometer, water contact angle measurements, pencil hardness, and a 90° peel test...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677767/effect-of-substrate-roughness-on-adhesion-and-structural-properties-of-ti-ni-shape-memory-alloy-thin-film
#10
Donghwan Kim, Hyunsuk Lee, Joohyeon Bae, Hyomin Jeong, Byeongkeun Choi, Taehyun Nam, Jungpil Noh
Ti-Ni shape memory alloy (SMA) thin films are very attractive material for industrial and medical applications such as micro-actuator, micro-sensors, and stents for blood vessels. An important property besides shape memory effect in the application of SMA thin films is the adhesion between the film and the substrate. When using thin films as micro-actuators or micro-sensors in MEMS, the film must be strongly adhered to the substrate. On the other hand, when using SMA thin films in medical devices such as stents, the deposited alloy thin film must be easily separable from the substrate for efficient processing...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677761/mechanical-property-of-sac305-ball-grid-array-and-epoxy-sn-58bi-solder-joints-with-85-%C3%A2-c-85-relative-humidity-environmental-conditions
#11
Kyung-Yeol Kim, Woo-Ram Myung, Haksan Jeong, Yong-Gue Sung, Seung-Boo Jung
The ball-grid array (BGA) is widely used to reduce component size and it had advantages such as high I/O pins and fine pitch. Typical Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) solder alloys are used for formation of BGA because SAC solder has excellent characteristics among lead-free solders. However, the electronic components assembled by SAC solder were easily damaged by heat during manufacture process because SAC solder had high melting point of 220 °C. To prevent these thermal damages, SAC305 BGA component assembled by Sn-58Bi solder paste has been studied because Sn-58Bi solder had low melting point of 139 °C...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677759/mechanical-and-thermal-properties-of-epoxy-composites-containing-zirconia-impregnated-halloysite-nanotubes-with-different-loadings
#12
Suhyun Kim, Moon Il Kim, Minyoung Shon, Bongkuk Seo, Choongsun Lim
Epoxy resins are widely used in various industrial fields due to their low cost, good workability, heat resistance, and good mechanical strength. However, they suffer from brittleness, an issue that must be addressed for further applications. To solve this problem, additional fillers are needed to improve the mechanical and thermal properties of the resins; zirconia is one such filler. However, it has been reported that aggregation may occur in the epoxy composites as the amount of zirconia increases, preventing enhancement of the mechanical strength of the epoxy composites...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677603/the-comparative-evidence-basis-for-the-efficacy-of-second-generation-antidepressants-in-the-treatment-of-depression-in-the-us-a-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-food-and-drug-administration-reviews
#13
Rei Monden, Annelieke M Roest, Don van Ravenzwaaij, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Richard Morey, Klaas J Wardenaar, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown similar efficacy of different antidepressants in the treatment of depression. METHOD: Data of phase-2 and -3 clinical-trials for 16 antidepressants (levomilnacipran, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, paroxetine, escitalopram, vortioxetine, mirtazapine, venlafaxine XR, sertraline, fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine CR, nefazodone, bupropion, vilazodone), approved by the FDA for the treatment of depression between 1987 and 2016, were extracted from the FDA reviews that were used to evaluate efficacy prior to marketing approval, which are less liable to reporting biases...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677332/size-contrast-illusion-induced-by-unconscious-context
#14
Yusuke Nakashima, Yoichi Sugita
The present study examined whether the Ebbinghaus illusion can be induced by surrounding contexts that are suppressed from conscious perception. We employed continuous flash suppression to render the contextual stimuli invisible. The surrounding contexts were presented to one eye and the masking stimulus was presented to the other eye, followed by the presentation of the two center test stimuli to both eyes. The illusory size effect was observed even when the inducers were rendered invisible, although the effect was weak-approximately one third the strength of that induced by visible contexts...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677066/agreement-analysis-what-he-said-she-said-versus-you-said
#15
Thomas R Vetter, Patrick Schober
Correlation and agreement are 2 concepts that are widely applied in the medical literature and clinical practice to assess for the presence and strength of an association. However, because correlation and agreement are conceptually distinct, they require the use of different statistics. Agreement is a concept that is closely related to but fundamentally different from and often confused with correlation. The idea of agreement refers to the notion of reproducibility of clinical evaluations or biomedical measurements...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676982/bond-stability-of-a-universal-adhesive-system-to-eroded-abraded-dentin-after-deproteinization
#16
M G Augusto, Crg Torres, C R Pucci, N Schlueter, A B Borges
OBJECTIVE: Erosive/abrasive challenges can potentially compromise bonding to dentin. Aiming to improve the quality and stability of bonding to this substrate, this study investigated the combined effect of erosion and toothbrush abrasion on the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) stability to dentin using a universal adhesive system in total and self-etching modes, associated or not associated with deproteinization. METHODS: Bovine dentin specimens were divided into five groups according to the organic matrix condition (n=20): control (C); erosion (E); erosion + abrasion (EA); erosion + sodium hypochlorite (EH); erosion + abrasion + sodium hypochlorite (EAH)...
May 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676981/mechanical-and-surface-properties-of-monolithic-zirconia
#17
L M Candido, L N Miotto, Lmg Fais, P F Cesar, Lap Pinelli
PURPOSE: This study compared monolithic zirconia with conventional ones based on mean roughness (Ra), Vickers hardness (VHN), topography, transmittance, grain size, flexural strength (FS), Weibull modulus, and fractographic behavior. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One monolithic (Prettau Zircon [PR group]) and two conventional (ICE Zirkon Transluzent [IZ group] and BloomZir [BL group]) zirconias were used. Specimens were tested using a profilometer, a microhardness tester, a scanning electron microscope, a spectrophotometer, and a Universal Testing Machine (EMIC DL 2000)...
May 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676972/effect-of-resin-luting-systems-and-alumina-particle-air-abrasion-on-bond-strength-to-zirconia
#18
R Grasel, M J Santos, Hm Chagas Rêgo, M P Rippe, L F Valandro
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different primer/resin luting agent combinations and alumina air abrasion on the adhesion to zirconia. Eighty blocks (4×4×3 mm) of Lava Frame Zirconia (3M ESPE) were produced and randomly assigned into eight groups (n=10) according to two zirconia surface treatments (untreated or air abrasion with 50-μm alumina particles) and four luting systems (SU: Scotchbond Universal/RelyX Unicem 2; ZP: Z-Prime Plus/Duo-link Universal; MB: Monobond Plus/Variolink II; and AP: Alloy Primer/ED Primer II/Panavia F 2...
May 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676860/diagnostic-performance-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-differentiating-benign-and-malignant-gallbladder-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Myung-Won You, Seong Jong Yun
BACKGROUND: Although diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been characterized as an alternative imaging modality for gallbladder (GB) lesions, it has not been routinely used in clinical practice because of relatively low signal-to-noise ratio. PURPOSE: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic performance of DWI for differentiating benign and malignant GB lesions. STUDY TYPE: Meta-analysis. POPULATION: Patients with GB lesions...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675830/dna-oxidation-photoinduced-by-norharmane-rhenium-i-polypyridyl-complexes-effect-of-the-bidentate-n-n-ligands-on-the-damage-profile
#20
Ivan Maisuls, Franco Cabrerizo, Pedro David Gara, Bernd Epe, Gustavo Teodosio Ruiz
Re(I)-polypyridyl complexes show quite interesting and distinctive photochemical and photosensitizing properties. This work describes the capability to induce (or photoinduce) DNA damage of three Re(I)-complexes with a naturally occurring alkaloid called norharmane (nHo) as ligand: [Re(CO)3(nHo)(L)]CF3SO3 where L = 2,2´-bipyridine (ReBpy), phenanthroline (RePhen) or dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (ReDppz). The interaction of the complexes with DNA was investigated by steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopy...
April 19, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
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