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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041021/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-carpal-tunnel-release-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-patients-diagnosed-with-and-without-electrophysiological-studies
#1
Piotr Puchalski, Andrzej Zyluk, Zbigniew Szlosser
Records were analysed from the institutional database, including 943 patients (1089 hands) with CTS who were operated on in the authors' department over a period of four years (2012 to 2015). The diagnosis of CTS was made solely on the basis of clinical findings in 551 patients (58 %); 392 patients (42 %) also had electrodiagnostic tests performed, for various reasons. Patients were followed-up at 1 and 6 months with assessments that included the Levine scores, filament tests, grip and pinch strength. No significant differences in Levine scores were found at the 1 and 6 month assessments...
October 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040963/new-adhesive-system-based-in-metals-cross-linking-methacrylate
#2
Alexandra Rubin Cocco, Wellington Luiz de Oliveira da Rosa, Sônia Luque Peralta, Tamires Timm Maske, Adriana Fernandes da Silva, Carla Andrade Hartwig, Marcia Foster Mesko, Evandro Piva, Rafael Guerra Lund
This study evaluated the anti-antibiofilm potential of silver methacrylate (Ag) or di-n-butyldimethacrylatetin (Sn) in experimental adhesive systems. Ag and Sn methacrylates were incorporated at 0.5mol%, 1mol% and 2mol% in an adhesive resin. The anti-antibiofilm potential, degree of conversion (DC), microtensile bond strength (μTBS), water sorption/solubility (WSR/SL), bonded interfaces pattern (SEM), cytotoxicity and leaching of Ag and Sn ions were evaluated. Data were statistically analyzed considering α = 0...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040961/effect-of-double-layer-application-on-bond-quality-of-adhesive-systems
#3
Satoshi Fujiwara, Toshiki Takamizawa, Wayne W Barkmeier, Akimasa Tsujimoto, Arisa Imai, Hidehiko Watanabe, Robert L Erickson, Mark A Latta, Toshiyuki Nakatsuka, Masashi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of double-layer application of universal adhesives on the bond quality and compare to other adhesive systems. METHODS: Two universal adhesives used were in this study: Scotchbond Universal (SU), [3M ESPE] and Prime & Bond elect (PE), [Dentsply Caulk]. The conventional single-step self-etch adhesives G-ӕnial Bond (GB), [GC Corporation.] and BeautiBond (BB), [Shofu Inc.], and a two-step self-etch adhesive, Optibond XTR (OX), [Kerr Corporation], were used as comparison adhesives...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040888/physical-capability-predicts-mortality-in-late-mid-life-as-well-as-in-old-age-findings-from-a-large-british-cohort-study
#4
Victoria L Keevil, Robert Luben, Shabina Hayat, Avan A Sayer, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw
INTRODUCTION: Low physical capability predicts mortality, perhaps by association with co-morbidity. However, few studies include participants <70years old with lower co-morbidity burdens compared to older adults. We examined relationships between usual walking speed (UWS), timed chair stands speed, grip strength, standing balance and all-cause mortality in 8477 participants aged 48-92years enrolled in the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer-Norfolk study. METHODS: Participants (55...
October 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040330/the-association-between-toe-grip-strength-and-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-in-japanese-women-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#5
Daisuke Uritani, Takahiko Fukumoto, Tomoki Myodo, Kazuhito Fujikawa, Miyuki Usui, Daisuke Tatara
We evaluated the relationship between altered foot function and knee osteoarthritis through a specific comparison of toe grip strength in older women with and without knee osteoarthritis. Participants were 120 women with knee osteoarthritis (OA group) and 108 healthy community-dwelling women with no history of knee pain and lower limb surgery (control group). The following factors and outcome variables were included in our analysis: measured toe grip strength, isometric knee extension strength, the timed Up-and-Go, and the WOMAC scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040222/neurovascular-response-during-exercise-and-mental-stress-in-anabolic-steroid-users
#6
Rafael Armani Porello, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Francis Ribeiro de Souza, Guilherme Wesley Peixoto da Fonseca, Ana Luiza Carrari Sayegh, Tiago Franco de Oliveira, César Abreu Akiho, Maurício Yonamine, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Carlos Eduardo Negrão, Maria-Janieire de Nazaré Nunes Alves
PURPOSE: Increased resting muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and lower forearm blood flow (FBF) were observed in young men who use anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). However, the response of MSNA and FBF in AAS users triggered by muscle mechanoreflex and central command has never been tested. Additionally, we evaluated the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses during these maneuvers. METHODS: Nineteen AAS users (AASU) aged 31±6 yr and 18 AAS nonusers (AASNU) aged 29±4 yr were recruited...
October 16, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036952/-a-clinical-analysis-of-20-patients-with-neurobrucellosis
#7
Y Ge, H Z Guan, S Y Fan, R Zhu, X J Ma, T S Li
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of 20 patients with neurobrucellosis (NB) . Methods: The epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and treatment data of patients diagnosed with NB from 2010 to 2016 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Twelve (60%) patients reported the history of contact with infected animals and intake of raw milk product. The common manifestations included headache (85%, 17/20), fatigue (85%, 17/20), fever (80%, 16/20), weight loss (70%, 15/20), the signs included pathological reflection (70%, 15/20), decreased muscle strength(45%, 9/20)...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036862/naval-special-warfare-nsw-crewmen-demonstrate-diminished-cervical-strength-and-range-of-motion-compared-to-nsw-students
#8
Shawn R Eagle, Takashi Nagai, Paul Morgan, Renee Hendershot, Timothy C Sell
BACKGROUND: Cumulative effects of high-impact vertical forces, like those experienced on an open-ocean mission, could be an injury concern for the cervical spine. OBJECTIVE: Compare cervical range of motion (ROM) and strength measures between students and NSW Crewmen and secondarily to compare these measures between students and Crewmen separated into three groups based on years of service. METHODS: A volunteer sample of 186 students (age: 22...
October 9, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036209/understanding-differences-in-conception-and-abortion-rates-among-under-20-year-olds-in-britain-and-france-examining-the-contribution-of-social-disadvantage
#9
Rachel H Scott, Nathalie Bajos, Emma Slaymaker, Kaye Wellings, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status has been shown to be associated with sexual activity, contraceptive-use, pregnancy and abortion among young people. Less is known about whether the strength of the association differs for each outcome, between men and women, or cross-nationally. We investigate this using contemporaneous national probability survey data from Britain and France. METHODS: Data were analysed for 17-29 year-olds in Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3, n = 5959) undertaken 2010-2012, and the 2010 French Fertility, Contraception and Sexual Dysfunction survey (FECOND, n = 3027)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#10
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035694/novel-zirconia-materials-in-dentistry
#11
Y Zhang, B R Lawn
Zirconias, the strongest of the dental ceramics, are increasingly being fabricated in monolithic form for a range of clinical applications. Y-TZP (yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal) is the most widely used variant. However, current Y-TZP ceramics on the market lack the aesthetics of competitive glass-ceramics and are therefore somewhat restricted in the anterior region. This article reviews the progressive development of currently available and next-generation zirconias, representing a concerted drive toward greater translucency while preserving adequate strength and toughness...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035674/the-startup-performance-and-microbial-distribution-of-an-anaerobic-baffled-reactor-abr-treating-medium-strength-synthetic-industrial-wastewater
#12
Hao Jiang, Hong Nie, Jiangtao Ding, Walter Stinner, Kaixuan Sun, Hongjun Zhou
In this study, an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) with seven chambers was applied to treat medium-strength synthetic industrial wastewater (MSIW). The performance of startup and shock test on treating MSIW was investigated. During the acclimation process, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of MSIW gradually increased from 0 to 2,000 mg L(-1), and the COD removal finally reached 90%. At shock test, the feeding COD concentration increased by one-fifth and the reactor adapted very well with a COD removal of 82%...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035647/the-bigger-the-hand-the-bigger-the-difference-implications-for-testing-strength-with-two-popular-handgrip-dynamometers
#13
Takashi Abe, Jeremy P Loenneke, Robert S Thiebaud, Mark Loftin
CONTEXT: Studies developed the frail elderly handgrip strength (HGS) diagnostic criteria using multiple types of handgrip dynamometers. If different handgrip dynamometer report different values, then this would have the potential to misclassify people into the wrong diagnostic category. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of HGS measured by two standard handgrip dynamometers, and to investigate the influence of hand size on HGS. SETTING: University research laboratory...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035592/returners-exhibit-greater-jumping-performance-improvements-during-a-peaking-phase-compared-to-new-players-on-a-volleyball-team
#14
Caleb D Bazyler, Satoshi Mizuguchi, Ashley A Kavanaugh, John J McMahon, Paul Comfort, Michael H Stone
PURPOSE: To determine if jumping performance changes during a peaking phase differed between returners and new players in a female collegiate volleyball team and to determine which variables best explained the variation in performance changes. METHODS: Fourteen volleyball players were divided into two groups: returners (n=7) and new players (n=7) who completed a 5-week peaking phase prior to conference championships. Players were tested at baseline prior to the pre-season on measures of vastus lateralis cross-sectional area using ultrasonography, estimated back squat one repetition maximum (1-RM), and countermovement jump height (JH) and relative peak power (PPa) on a force platform...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035463/effect-of-balanced-crystalloid-gelatin-and-hydroxyethyl-starch-on-coagulation-detected-by-rotational-thromboelastometry-in-vitro
#15
Silvie Sevcikova, Tomas Vymazal, Miroslav Durila
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation with crystalloid and colloid solutions is a common treatment in perioperative medicine. However, a variety of unbalanced or balanced solutions are used in clinical practice and there is still vivid debate going on regarding selection of optimal fluid with minimal negative effect on coagulation to minimize bleeding and blood transfusion requirements. The aim of the study was to investigate adverse effects of balanced crystalloids and colloids on coagulation measured by thromboelastometry in vitro...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034946/spin-labelling-for-integrative-structure-modelling-a-case-study-of-the-polypyrimidine-tract-binding-protein-1-domains-in-complexes-with-short-rnas
#16
Christoph Gmeiner, Georg Dorn, Frédéric H T Allain, Gunnar Jeschke, Maxim Yulikov
A combined method, employing NMR and EPR spectroscopies, has demonstrated its strength in solving structures of protein/RNA and other types of biomolecular complexes. This method works particularly well when the large biomolecular complex consists of a limited number of rigid building blocks, such as RNA-binding protein domains (RBDs). A variety of spin labels is available for such studies, allowing for conventional as well as spectroscopically orthogonal double electron-electron resonance (DEER) measurements in EPR...
October 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034774/mechanical-enhancement-and-in-vitro-biocompatibility-of-nanofibrous-collagen-chitosan-scaffolds-for-tissue-engineering
#17
Fengjuan Zou, Runrun Li, Jianjun Jiang, Xiumei Mo, Guofeng Gu, Zhongwu Guo, Zonggang Chen
The collagen-chitosan complex with a three-dimensional nanofiber structure was fabricated to mimic native ECM for tissue repair and biomedical applications. Though the three-dimensional hierarchical fibrous structures of collagen-chitosan composites could provide more adequate stimulus to facilitate cell adhesion, migrate and proliferation, and thus have the potential as tissue engineering scaffolding, there are still limitations in their applications due to the insufficient mechanical properties of natural materials...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034224/trends-in-motor-performance-of-first-graders-a-comparison-of-cohorts-from-2006-to-2015
#18
Sarah Spengler, Matthias Rabel, Arvid Marius Kuritz, Filip Mess
BACKGROUND: Motor performance is an important factor for health. Already in childhood, motor performance is associated with, e.g., obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. It is widely believed that the motor performance of children has declined over recent years. However, this belief is lacking clear evidence. The objective of this study was to examine trends in motor performance of first grade students during a period of 10 years (2006-2015). We examined trends in (a) aerobic fitness, (b) strength, (c) speed, and (d) balance for boys and girls separately and considered body mass index (BMI) as a potential confounder...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033554/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-patient-reported-experience-measures-for-intermediate-care-services
#19
Sergio Cinocca, Paola Rucci, Concetta Randazzo, Elizabeth Teale, Davide Pianori, Emanuele Ciotti, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Intermediate care (IC) services are a key component of integrated care for elderly people, providing a link between hospital and home through provision of rehabilitation and health and social care. The Patient Reported Experience Measures (PREMs) are designed to measure user experience of care in IC settings. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and the scaling properties of the Italian version of PREMs questionnaires for use in IC services. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on consecutive users of 1 home-based and 4 bed-based IC services in Emilia-Romagna (Italy)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033282/character-strengths-of-individuals-with-first-episode-psychosis-in-individual-resiliency-training
#20
Julia Browne, Sue E Estroff, Kelsey Ludwig, Carrington Merritt, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Jennifer D Gottlieb, David L Penn
Positive psychology interventions that integrate a person's strengths into treatment result in improvements in life satisfaction and well-being. Character strengths classified within six core virtues (wisdom/knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence) have been the subject of substantial research. Though a number of studies have been conducted in the general population, little is known about the character strengths of individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP). Moreover, positive psychology principles, in particular a focus on personal strengths, have been increasingly integrated into FEP treatment and was a core component of Individual Resiliency Training (IRT), the individual therapy component of NAVIGATE tested in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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