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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776453/dye-residue-analysis-in-raw-and-processed-aquaculture-products-matrix-extension-of-aoac-international-official-method-%C3%A2-2012-25
#1
Wendy C Andersen, Christine R Casey, Tara J Nickel, Susan L Young, Sherri B Turnipseed
Background : Triphenylmethane dyes and metabolites are known or suspected mutagens and areprohibited in animals intended for human consumption. Despite toxicity, triphenylmethane dyes are used illegally as inexpensive treatments for fungal and parasite infections in aquatic animals. Objective: AOAC INTERNTIONAL Official Method ℠ 2012.25 for the LC-MS/MS determination of malachite green, crystal violet, brilliant green, and metabolites leucomalachite green and leucocrystal violet in seafood products was previously validated for finfish (trout, salmon, catfish, and tilapia) and shrimp, but had not been fully validated for other types of aquacultured products such as eel, molluscan shellfish, or frog or for processed seafoods...
May 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773013/critical-review-on-curcumin-as-a-therapeutic-agent-from-traditional-herbal-medicine-to-an-ideal-therapeutic-agent
#2
Muhammad Usman Akbar, Kanwal Rehman, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Muhammad Imran Qadir, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash, Muhammad Ibrahim
Traditionally, many natural medicinal plants have been used to treat a variety of diseases since ancient times and are considered a potential source of phytochemicals for the development of new drugs. One of these is curcumin, which is an easily accessible, inexpensive, and nontoxic bioactive compound. Curcumin is a very important, naturally occurring, and highly lipophilic and phenolic substance derived from the rhizomes of plant Curcuma longa, a member of the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, which is mostly used as a curry spice, flavoring agent, insect repellent, coloring agent in food, traditional drug, and ingredient in cosmetics...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769067/antioxidant-capacity-of-cinnamon-extract-for-palm-oil-stability
#3
Muhammad Zia Shahid, Hafiza Saima, Adeela Yasmin, Muhammad Tahir Nadeem, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Afzaal
BACKGROUND: Spices and their bioactive components are more promising attractions for their inclusion in diet-based regimes to improve human health. These are sources of natural antioxidants and play an important role in the chemoprevention of diseases and aging. The aim of the current study was to explore the antioxidant potential of cinnamon; a widely used spice throughout the world. METHODS: The current research was aimed to investigate the antioxidant potential of cinnamon extract...
May 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764209/next-gen-therapeutics-for-skin-cancer-nutraceuticals
#4
Annapoorna Sreedhar, Jun Li, Yunfeng Zhao
Growing modernization and lifestyle changes with limited physical activity have impacted diet and health, leading to an increased cancer mortality rate worldwide. As a result, there is a greater need than before to develop safe and novel anticancer drugs. Current treatment options such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery, induce unintended side effects, compromising patient's quality of life, and physical well-being. Therefore, there has been an increased global interest in the use of dietary supplements and traditional herbal medicines for treatment of cancer...
May 15, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750258/novel-diagnostic-tool-for-prediction-of-variant-spliceogenicity-derived-from-a-set-of-395-combined-in-silico-in-vitro-studies-an-international-collaborative-effort
#5
Raphaël Leman, Pascaline Gaildrat, Gérald L Gac, Chandran Ka, Yann Fichou, Marie-Pierre Audrezet, Virginie Caux-Moncoutier, Sandrine M Caputo, Nadia Boutry-Kryza, Mélanie Léone, Sylvie Mazoyer, Françoise Bonnet-Dorion, Nicolas Sevenet, Marine Guillaud-Bataille, Etienne Rouleau, Brigitte Bressac-de Paillerets, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Maria Rossing, Danielle Muller, Violaine Bourdon, Françoise Revillon, Michael T Parsons, Antoine Rousselin, Grégoire Davy, Gaia Castelain, Laurent Castéra, Joanna Sokolowska, Florence Coulet, Capucine Delnatte, Claude Férec, Amanda B Spurdle, Alexandra Martins, Sophie Krieger, Claude Houdayer
Variant interpretation is the key issue in molecular diagnosis. Spliceogenic variants exemplify this issue as each nucleotide variant can be deleterious via disruption or creation of splice site consensus sequences. Consequently, reliable in silico prediction of variant spliceogenicity would be a major improvement. Thanks to an international effort, a set of 395 variants studied at the mRNA level and occurring in 5' and 3' consensus regions (defined as the 11 and 14 bases surrounding the exon/intron junction, respectively) was collected for 11 different genes, including BRCA1, BRCA2, CFTR and RHD, and used to train and validate a new prediction protocol named Splicing Prediction in Consensus Elements (SPiCE)...
May 10, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741924/efficient-modeling-and-simulation-of-space-dependent-biological-systems
#6
Elise Rosati, Morgan Madec, Jean-Baptiste Kammerer, Luc Hébrard, Christophe Lallement, Jacques Haiech
We recently demonstrated the possibility to model and to simulate biological functions using hardware description languages (HDLs) and associated simulators traditionally used for microelectronics. Nevertheless, those languages are not suitable to model and simulate space-dependent systems described by partial differential equations. However, in more and more applications space- and time-dependent models are unavoidable. For this purpose, we investigated a new modeling approach to simulate molecular diffusion on a mesoscopic scale still based on HDL...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739511/effects-of-ultrasonic-assisted-cooking-on-the-chemical-profiles-of-taste-and-flavor-of-spiced-beef
#7
Yunhe Zou, Dacheng Kang, Rui Liu, Jun Qi, Guanghong Zhou, Wangang Zhang
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of ultrasonic assisted cooking on the chemical profiles of spiced beef taste and flavor. Ultrasound power with 0 W, 400 W, 600 W, 800 W and 1000 W (frequency of 20 kHz) were used for cooking 120 min. The sodium chloride, sugar, free amino acids (FAAs), 5'-ribonucleotides, lipid oxidation, volatile flavor substance contents and electronic nose of spiced beef were determined. Results showed that ultrasonic treatment could significantly increase the content of sodium chloride in beef sample (P < 0...
September 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738500/protective-effect-of-glucosinolates-hydrolytic-products-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-ndds
#8
REVIEW
Mohammed Sani Jaafaru, Nurul Ashikin Abd Karim, Mohamad Eliaser Enas, Patrick Rollin, Emanuela Mazzon, Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis
Crucifer vegetables, Brassicaceae and other species of the order Brassicales, e.g., Moringaceae that are commonly consumed as spice and food, have been reported to have potential benefits for the treatment and prevention of several health disorders. Though epidemiologically inconclusive, investigations have shown that consumption of those vegetables may result in reducing and preventing the risks associated with neurodegenerative disease development and may also exert other biological protections in humans...
May 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732971/upregulation-of-suppressor-of-cytokine-signaling-3-in-microglia-by-cinnamic-acid
#9
Sudipta Chakrabarti, Malabendu Jana, Avik Roy, Kalipada Pahan
Neuroinflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is an anti-inflammatory molecule that suppresses cytokine signaling and inflammatory gene expression in different cells including microglia. However, pathways through which SOCS3 could be upregulated are poorly described. Cinnamic acid is a metabolite of cinnamon, a natural compound that is being widely used all over the world as a spice or flavoring agent...
May 6, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725912/stability-of-fumonisin-b-1-deoxynivalenol-zearalenone-and-t-2-toxin-during-processing-of-traditional-nigerian-beer-and-spices
#10
Cynthia Adaku Chilaka, Marthe De Boevre, Olusegun Oladimeji Atanda, Sarah De Saeger
The stability of the Fusarium mycotoxins fumonisin B1 , deoxynivalenol, T-2 toxin, and zearalenone during processing of Nigerian traditional spices (dawadawa, okpehe, and ogiri) and beer (burukutu) using artificially contaminated raw materials was investigated. Results revealed the reduction of these toxins in all the final products. Boiling played a significant role (p < 0.05) in Fusarium mycotoxin reduction in the traditional spices. The highest percentage reduction of deoxynivalenol (76%) and zearalenone (74%) was observed during okpehe processing (boiled for 12 h)...
May 3, 2018: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724848/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-first-documented-clinical-siccibacter-turicensis-isolate-in-austria
#11
Sarah Lepuschitz, Shiva Pekard-Amenitsch, Renée Haunold, Simone Schill, Agnes Schriebl, Robert Mach, Franz Allerberger, Werner Ruppitsch, Stephen J Forsythe
The nonpathogenic species Siccibacter turicensis is closely related to members of the food-associated pathogenic genus Cronobacter and has been detected in fruit powders, formula, spices, and herbs. Here, we report on the first clinical isolate of S. turicensis , recovered from the labial angle of a patient with angular cheilitis.
May 3, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719159/cuscuta-arvensis-beyr-dodder-in-vivo-hepatoprotective-effects-against-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#12
Ufuk Koca-Caliskan, Ismet Yilmaz, Asli Taslidere, Funda N Yalcin, Ceylan Aka, Nazim Sekeroglu
Cuscuta arvensis Beyr. is a parasitic plant, and commonly known as "dodder" in Europe, in the United States, and "tu si zi shu" in China. It is one of the preferred spices used in sweet and savory dishes. Also, it is used as a folk medicine for the treatment particularly of liver problems, knee pains, and physiological hepatitis, which occur notably in newborns and their mothers in the southeastern part of Turkey. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotective effects and antioxidant activities of aqueous and methanolic extracts of C...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717067/developing-interprofessional-education-at-one-u-s-dental-school-establishing-a-baseline-and-moving-forward
#13
Janice Townsend, Joseph A Zorek, Sandra C Andrieu, Raquel Baroni de Carvalho, Donald E Mercante, Julie H Schiavo, Tina P Gunaldo
Dental schools across the U.S. are in the process of incorporating interprofessional education (IPE) into their curricula. At Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans (LSUHSC), the process of educating competent students fully prepared to maximize patient outcomes through interprofessional care is under way. The aim of this study was to establish baseline data on three years of LSU dental students' perceptions of IPE prior to and as a new two-year IPE curriculum was being introduced. A survey was conducted of dental students in all four years from 2015 to 2017 using the Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education-Revised instrument, version 2 (SPICE-R2)...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714150/cinnamon-polyphenol-extract-exerts-neuroprotective-activity-in-traumatic-brain-injury-through-modulation-of-nfr2-and-cytokine-expression
#14
Burak Yulug, Ertugrul Kilic, Serdar Altunay, Cenk Ersavas, Cemal Orhan, Arman Dalay, Nurhan Sahin, Mehmet Tuzcu, Vijaya Juturu, Kazim Sahin
INTRODUCTION: Cinnamon cinnamon polyphenol extract is a traditional spice commonly used in different areas of the world for treatment of different disease conditions which are associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. Despite many preclinical studies showing the anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory effects of CN, the underlying mechanisms in signaling pathways via which cinnamon protects the brain after brain trauma remained largely unknown. However, there is still no preclinical study delineating the possible molecular mechanism of neuroprotective effects cinnamon polyphenol extractin TBI...
April 30, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710494/novel-angiotensin-receptor-blocker-azilsartan-induces-oxidative-stress-and-nfkb-mediated-apoptosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-line-hepg2
#15
Elham Ahmadian, Ahmad Yari Khosroushahi, Aziz Eftekhari, Safar Farajnia, Hossein Babaei, Mohammad Ali Eghbal
Overexpression of renin angiotensin system (RAS) components and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) has a key role in various cancers. Blockade of RAS and NF-kB pathway has been suggested to reduce cancer cell proliferation. This study aimed to investigate the role of angiotensin II and NF-kB pathway in liver hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) proliferation by using azilsartan (as a novel Ag II antagonist) and Bay 11-7082 (as NF-kB inhibitor). HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations of azilsartan and Bay 11-7082...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703389/association-of-antioxidant-nutraceuticals-and-acetaminophen-paracetamol-friend-or-foe
#16
REVIEW
Mohamed Abdel-Daim, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Raffaella Reggi, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Maura Palmery, Ilaria Peluso
Acetaminophen (paracetamol or APAP) is an analgesic and antipyretic drug that can induce oxidative stress-mediated hepatotoxicity at high doses. Several studies reported that antioxidant nutraceuticals, in particular phenolic phytochemicals from dietary food, spices, herbs and algae have hepatoprotective effects. Others, however, suggested that they may negatively impact the metabolism, efficacy and toxicity of APAP. The aim of this review is to discuss the pros and cons of the association of antioxidant nutraceuticals and APAP by reviewing the in vivo evidence, with particular reference to APAP pharmacokinetics and hepatotoxicity...
April 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703272/a-validated-quantification-of-sudan-red-dyes-in-spicery-using-tlc-and-a-16-bit-flatbed-scanner
#17
Barbara Milz, Philip Schnurr, Jannis Grafmüller, Kevin Oehler, Bernd Spangenberg
We present a video-densitometric quantification method for Sudan red dyes in spices and spice mixtures, separated by TLC. Application was done band-wise in small dots using a 5 μL glass pipette. For separation, the RP-18 plates (20 × 20 cm with fluorescent dye; Merck, Germany, 1.05559) were developed in a vertical developing chamber without vapor saturation from the starting point to a distance of 70 mm by using acetonitrile, methanol, and aqueous ammonia solution (25%; 8 + 1.8 + 0.2, v/v) as mobile phase...
April 27, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698355/genital-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#18
Katerina Yale, Olabola Awosika, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich
Genital allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an uncommon disorder, yet it severely impairs the quality of life for both men and women. Because of cultural taboos, many patients self-treat and delay proper diagnosis before presenting to a provider. Diagnosis is further confounded by irritant contact dermatitis and other genital dermatoses, which can predispose to skin barrier dysfunction and allergen penetration. Genital ACD can present acutely with erythematous erosions and pruritus or chronically with lichenification...
May 2018: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691526/black-pepper-based-beverage-induced-appetite-suppressing-effects-without-altering-postprandial-glycaemia-gut-and-thyroid-hormones-or-gastrointestinal-well-being-a-randomized-crossover-study-in-healthy-subjects
#19
Yoghatama Cindya Zanzer, Merichel Plaza, Anestis Dougkas, Charlotta Turner, Elin Östman
Pleiotropic effects of spices on health, particularly on glucose metabolism and energy regulation, deserve further clinical investigation into their efficacy. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether consumption of a black pepper-based beverage (BPB) preload containing 20 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) would exert any effect on postprandial glycaemia, appetite sensations, gut hormones, thyroid function, and gastrointestinal well-being after a white wheat bread (WWB) challenge meal containing 50 g available carbohydrates (CHO) compared to a control beverage...
April 25, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683271/piperine-promotes-glucose-uptake-through-ros-dependent-activation-of-the-camkk-ampk-signaling-pathway-in-skeletal-muscle
#20
Ayumi Maeda, Takeshi Shirao, Daishi Shirasaya, Yasukiyo Yoshioka, Yoko Yamashita, Mitsugu Akagawa, Hitoshi Ashida
SCOPE: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing yearly worldwide. Glycemic control is the basis for the treatment of T2DM, as it can prevent the progress of associated complications. Spices possess various health beneficial effects on humans. The aim of this study was to search for spices that can promote glucose uptake and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism(s). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 24 spice extracts, the extracts from black and white pepper significantly increased glucose uptake in L6 myotubes...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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