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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909354/the-comprehension-of-sentences-with-unaccusative-verbs-in-aphasia-a-test-of-the-intervener-hypothesis
#1
Natalie Sullivan, Matthew Walenski, Tracy Love, Lewis P Shapiro
BACKGROUND: It is well accepted that individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia have difficulty comprehending some sentences with filler-gap dependencies. While investigations of these difficulties have been conducted with several different sentence types (e.g., object relatives, Wh-questions), we explore sentences containing unaccusative verbs, which arguably have a single noun phrase (NP) that is base-generated in object position but then is displaced to surface subject position. Unaccusative verbs provide an ideal test case for a particular hypothesis about the comprehension disorder-the Intervener Hypothesis-that posits that the difficulty individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia have comprehending sentences containing filler-gap dependencies results from similarity-based interference caused by the presence of an intervening NP between the two elements of a syntactic chain...
2017: Aphasiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906442/the-role-of-fillers-in-aesthetic-medicine-medico-legal-aspects
#2
E Marinelli, G Montanari Vergallo, G Reale, A di Luca, I Catarinozzi, S Napoletano, S Zaami
In recent years there has been an exponential increase of fillers use in aesthetic medicine. The popularity of this anti-wrinkle product is based on their capacity to offer significant improvement in the aesthetic field, particularly to skin rejuvenating processes with non-invasive and less expensive techniques, if compared to the surgical methods (i.e. surgical lifting). The great number of fillers on the market is composed of a large heterogenic number of biomaterials. The aim of this review was to provide an overview and a classification of the filling materials that are most commonly used...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892592/mechanical-properties-and-current-carrying-capacity-of-al-reinforced-with-graphene-bn-nanoribbons-a-computational-study
#3
D G Kvashnin, M Ghorbani-Asl, D V Shtansky, D Golberg, A V Krasheninnikov, P B Sorokin
Record high values of Young's modulus and tensile strength of graphene and BN nanoribbons as well as their chemically active edges make them promising candidates for serving as fillers in metal-based composite materials. Herein, using ab initio and analytical potential calculations we carry out a systematic study of the mechanical properties of nanocomposites constructed by reinforcing an Al matrix with BN and graphene nanoribbons. We consider a simple case of uniform distribution of nanoribbons in an Al matrix under the assumption that such configuration will lead to the maximum enhancement of mechanical characteristics...
November 28, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849182/innate-immune-memory-contributes-to-host-defense-against-recurrent-skin-and-skin-structure-infections-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#4
Liana C Chan, Siyang Chaili, Scott G Filler, Lloyd S Miller, Norma V Solis, Huiyuan Wang, Colin W Johnson, Hong K Lee, Luis F Diaz, Michael R Yeaman
Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of skin and skin structure infections (SSSI). The high frequency of recurring SSSI due to S. aureus, including methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains, despite high titers of specific antibody and circulating T cells, implies that traditional adaptive immunity imparts incomplete protection. We hypothesized that innate immune memory contributes to protective host defense against recurring MRSA infection. To test this hypothesis, SSSI was induced in wild-type and rag1(-/-) mice in BALB/c and C57BL/6 backgrounds...
November 14, 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827288/-a-woman-with-subcutaneous-nodules-after-buttock-augmentation
#5
Y Sandberg, M L Dijkshoorn, I G Schoots
Volume augmentation of the buttocks with injectable soft-tissue fillers is a cosmetic procedure; delayed adverse effects include the formation of granulomatous inflammatory nodules. We describe a 35-year-old woman with early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma with multiple nodular subcutaneous densities on CT scans in both gluteal regions. These were the result of frequent injections with human collagen.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826499/fabrication-and-characterization-of-branched-carbon-nanostructures
#6
Sharali Malik, Yoshihiro Nemoto, Hongxuan Guo, Katsuhiko Ariga, Jonathan P Hill
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have atomically smooth surfaces and tend not to form covalent bonds with composite matrix materials. Thus, it is the magnitude of the CNT/fiber interfacial strength that limits the amount of nanomechanical interlocking when using conventional CNTs to improve the structural behavior of composite materials through reinforcement. This arises from two well-known, long standing problems in this research field: (a) inhomogeneous dispersion of the filler, which can lead to aggregation and (b) insufficient reinforcement arising from bonding interactions between the filler and the matrix...
2016: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788329/novel-organic-inorganic-hybrid-electrolyte-to-enable-lifepo4-quasi-solid-state-li-ion-batteries-performed-highly-around-room-temperature
#7
Rui Tan, Rongtan Gao, Yan Zhao, Ming-Jian Zhang, Junyi Xu, Jinlong Yang, Feng Pan
A novel type of organic-inorganic hybrid polymer electrolytes with high electrochemical performances around room temperature is formed by hybrid of nano-fillers, Y-type oligomer, polyoxyethylene and Li-salt (PBA-Li), of which the Tg and Tm are significantly lowered by blended heterogeneous polyethers and embeded nano-fillers with benefit of the dipole modification to achieve the high Li-ion migration due to more free-volume space. The quasi-solid-state Li-ion batteries based on the LiFePO4/15PBA-Li/Li-metal cells present remarkable reversible capacities (133 and 165 mAh g-1 @0...
October 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726385/reactive-diazonium-modified-silica-fillers-for-high-performance-polymers
#8
Mariusz Piotr Sandomierski, Beata Strzemiecka, Mohamed Mehdi Chehimi, Adam Voelkel
We describe a simple way of modification of three silica-based fillers with in situ generated 4-hydroxymethylbenzenediazonium salt (+N2-C6H4-CH2OH). The rationale for using a hydroxyl-functionalized diazonium salt is that it provides surface-functionalized fillers that can react with phenolic resins. The modification of silica by diazonium salts was assessed by FTIR and XPS. FTIR permitted to track benzene ring breathing and C-C. The absence of the characteristic N≡N stretching vibration at 2200-2300 cm-1 range indicates the loss of the diazonium group...
October 11, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720423/filler-characteristics-of-modern-dental-resin-composites-and-their-influence-on-physico-mechanical-properties
#9
Luc D Randolph, William M Palin, Gaëtane Leloup, Julian G Leprince
OBJECTIVE: The mechanical properties of dental resin-based composites (RBCs) are highly dependent on filler characteristics (size, content, geometry, composition). Most current commercial materials are marketed as "nanohybrids" (i.e. filler size <1μm). In the present study, filler characteristics of a selection of RBCs were described, aiming at identifying correlations with physico-mechanical properties and testing the relevance of the current classification. METHODS: Micron/sub-micron particles (> or <500nm) were isolated from 17 commercial RBCs and analyzed by laser diffractrometry and/or electron microscopy...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699284/beyond-waste-new-sustainable-fillers-from-fly-ashes-stabilization-obtained-by-low-cost-raw-materials
#10
N Rodella, M Pasquali, A Zacco, F Bilo, L Borgese, N Bontempi, G Tomasoni, L E Depero, E Bontempi
A sustainable economy can be achieved only by assessing processes finalized to optimize the use of resources. Waste can be a relevant source of energy thanks to energy-from-waste processes. Concerns regarding the toxic fly ashes can be solved by transforming them into resource as recycled materials. The commitment to recycle is driven by the need to conserve natural resources, reduce imports of raw materials, save landfill space and reduce pollution. A new method to stabilize fly ash from Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (MSWI) at room temperature has been developed thanks to COSMOS-RICE LIFE+ project (www...
September 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688026/estimating-herbal-product-authentication-and-adulteration-in-india-using-a-vouchered-dna-based-biological-reference-material-library
#11
Dhivya Shanmughanandhan, Subramanyam Ragupathy, Steven G Newmaster, Saravanan Mohanasundaram, Ramalingam Sathishkumar
INTRODUCTION: India is considered the 'medicinal garden' of the world, with 8000 medicinal plants of which 960 are commercial species that are traded nationally and globally. Although scientific studies estimate herbal product adulteration as 42-66 % in North America, India does not have any published marketplace studies and subsequent estimates of adulteration in an industry facing considerable supply demands. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this project is to provide an initial assessment of herbal product authentication and adulteration in the marketplace in India by (1) developing a biological reference material (BRM) herbal DNA library for Indian herbal species using DNA barcode regions (ITS2 and rbcL) in order to facilitate accurate species resolution when testing the herbal products; and (2) assessing herbal product identification using our BRM library; and (3) comparing the use of our BRM library to identify herbal products with that of GenBank...
September 29, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680523/augmenting-the-prejowl-deciding-between-fat-fillers-and-implants
#12
Fred G Fedok, Harry Mittelman
The prejowl sulcus is a complex anatomic structure that results from several age-related changes in the lower face. These changes include the localized atrophy of a segment of the mandible inferior to the mental foreman, fat atrophy, and dehiscence and laxity of the ligamentous and muscular components of the region. The correction of the prejowl sulcus is rarely accomplished through rhytidectomy alone. Instead, the volume deficit of the sulcus usually requires the replacement of volume. Solid implants, fillers, and fat transfer may be used to improve the contour of the lower face...
October 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672354/two-and-three-year-olds-track-a-single-meaning-during-word-learning-evidence-for-propose-but-verify
#13
Kristina Woodard, Lila R Gleitman, John C Trueswell
A child word-learning experiment is reported that examines 2- and 3-year-olds' ability to learn the meanings of novel words across multiple, referentially ambiguous, word occurrences. Children were told they were going on an animal safari in which they would learn the names of unfamiliar animals. Critical trial sequences began with hearing a novel word (e.g., "I see a dax! Point to the dax!") while seeing photos of two unfamiliar animals. After responding and performing on two filler trials with known animals, participants encountered the novel word again ("I see another dax! Point to the dax!") in one of two experimental conditions...
2016: Language Learning and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669377/effect-of-compositional-heterogeneity-on-dissolution-of-non-ideal-lnapl-mixtures
#14
M Vasudevan, C D Johnston, T P Bastow, G Lekmine, J L Rayner, I M Nambi, G Suresh Kumar, R Ravi Krishna, G B Davis
The extent of dissolution of petroleum hydrocarbon fuels into groundwater depends greatly on fuel composition. Petroleum fuels can consist of thousands of compounds creating different interactions within the non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL), thereby affecting the relative dissolution of the components and hence a groundwater plume's composition over long periods. Laboratory experiments were conducted to study the variability in the effective solubilities and activity coefficients for common constituents of gasoline fuels (benzene, toluene, p-xylene and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene) (BTX) in matrices with an extreme range of molar volumes and chemical affinities...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668925/consensus-recommendations-for-combined-aesthetic-interventions-using-botulinum-toxin-fillers-and-microfocused-ultrasound-in-the-neck-d%C3%A3-colletage-hands-and-other-areas-of-the-body
#15
Sabrina G Fabi, Cheryl Burgess, Alastair Carruthers, Jean Carruthers, Doris Day, Kate Goldie, Martina Kerscher, Andreas Nikolis, Tatjana Pavicic, Nark-Kyoung Rho, Berthold Rzany, Sonja Sattler, Kyle Seo, William Philip Werschler, Gerhard Sattler
BACKGROUND: The popularity of aesthetic procedures in the face has led to greater disparity between treated areas and those that still show evidence of true age. Although many areas of the body often require multiple treatment procedures for optimal rejuvenation, combination therapy for specific areas is not yet well defined. OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for the optimal combination and ideal sequence of botulinum toxin (BoNT), hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA), and microfocused ultrasound with visualization in nonfacial areas across all skin phototypes...
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665147/bioactive-composites-containing-tegdma-functionalized-calcium-phosphate-particles-degree-of-conversion-fracture-strength-and-ion-release-evaluation
#16
Yvette Alania, Marina D S Chiari, Marcela C Rodrigues, Victor E Arana-Chavez, Ana Helena A Bressiani, Flavio M Vichi, Roberto R Braga
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the strength and ion release of experimental composites containing TEGDMA-functionalized calcium phosphate particles. METHODS: Seven composites containing equal parts (in mols) of BisGMA and TEGDMA and 60vol% of fillers were manipulated. Filler phase was constituted by silanized barium glass and 0% (control), 10% or 20% (volume) of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DPCD) particles, either non-functionalized or functionalized with two different TEDGMA contents...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662522/dermal-fillers-pathophysiology-prevention-and-treatment-of-complications
#17
REVIEW
Y Z Chiang, G Pierone, F Al-Niaimi
Dermal fillers are increasingly used for soft tissue augmentation of the face and hands. The widespread use of dermal fillers for rejuvenation has led to a rise in reports of associated complications. Although the majority of complications are mild and transient, serious and long-lasting complications have been observed. This article discusses the key complications including pigmentary changes, hypersensitivity reactions, infections, nodule formation, granulomatous reactions, vascular occlusion and migration of filler material...
September 23, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660479/hyaluronic-acid-fillers-with-cohesive-polydensified-matrix-for-soft-tissue-augmentation-and-rejuvenation-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Adri D Prasetyo, Welf Prager, Mark G Rubin, Ernesto A Moretti, Andreas Nikolis
BACKGROUND: Cohesive monophasic polydensified fillers show unique viscoelastic properties and variable density of hyaluronic acid, allowing for a homogeneous tissue integration and distribution of the material. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review the clinical data regarding the performance, tolerability, and safety of the Belotero(®) fillers for soft-tissue augmentation and rejuvenation. METHODS: A literature search was performed up until May 31, 2015 to identify all relevant articles on Belotero(®) fillers (Basic/Balance, Hydro, Soft, Intense, Volume) and equivalent products (Esthélis(®), Mesolis(®), Fortélis(®), Modélis(®))...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652112/improvement-of-vibrodamping-properties-of-polyvinyl-acetate-graphite-composites-by-electron-beam-processing-of-the-filler
#19
Sergey V Mjakin, Maxim M Sychov, Nadezhda B Sheiko, Larisa L Ezhenkova, Alexander G Rodionov, Inna V Vasiljeva
The effect of electron beam processing (energy 900 keV, absorbed dose in the range from 25 to 600 kGy) of graphite upon the efficiency of its use as a filler in polyvinyl acetate (PVA) based vibrodamping composites is studied. Graphite treatment at optimal doses above 200 kGy is found to provide a significant increase of damping loss factor for these composites at ambient and especially at elevated temperatures. The observed improvement of vibrodamping properties correlates with the increase in the content of Broensted centers (hydroxyl groups) on modified graphite surface probably due to the additional bonding of the filler particles with each other and PVA binder...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613613/influence-of-increment-thickness-on-dentin-bond-strength-and-light-transmission-of-composite-base-materials
#20
Tarek A Omran, Sufyan Garoushi, Aous A Abdulmajeed, Lippo V Lassila, Pekka K Vallittu
OBJECTIVES: Bulk-fill resin composites (BFCs) are gaining popularity in restorative dentistry due to the reduced chair time and ease of application. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of increment thickness on dentin bond strength and light transmission of different BFCs and a new discontinuous fiber-reinforced composite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty extracted sound human molars were prepared for a shear bond strength (SBS) test. The teeth were divided into four groups (n = 45) according to the resin composite used: regular particulate filler resin composite: (1) G-ænial Anterior [GA] (control); bulk-fill resin composites: (2) Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill [TEBF] and (3) SDR; and discontinuous fiber-reinforced composite: (4) everX Posterior [EXP]...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
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