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Sports injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805553/top-10-research-questions-related-to-preventing-sudden-death-in-sport-and-physical-activity
#1
Rachel K Katch, Samantha E Scarneo, William M Adams, Lawrence E Armstrong, Luke N Belval, Julie M Stamm, Douglas J Casa
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more effectively. With the continual progress of research and technology, current standards of care are evolving to enhance patient outcomes. In this article, we provided 10 key questions related to the leading causes and treatment of sudden death in sport and physical activity, where future research will support safer participation for athletes and recreational enthusiasts...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801837/blunt-injuries-related-to-equestrian-sports-results-from-an-international-prospective-trauma-database-analysis
#2
Christian D Weber, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Martijn Hofman, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the nature, management, and outcome of major injuries related to equestrian sports and to define the at-risk groups for serious and life-threatening injuries. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, pre-hospital, clinical, and outcome data from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®). Patients with major injuries (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥9 points) related to equestrian sports activities were included (January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2012)...
August 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795009/evaluation-and-management-of-shoulder-pain-in-skeletally-immature-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Stephen Breisach
Shoulder pain in young athletes generally is a result of poor sports technique and overuse. A number intrinsic causes of shoulder pain have been identified. Pain may also be referred to shoulder area from cervical spine, neck and chest pathology. Overuse stress injury of the proximal humeral physis is important to recognize early in order to prevent later complications. Shoulder impingement syndrome is a general term used to describe multiple underlying lesions and relatively uncommon in young athletes. In adolescent athletes, glenohumeral instability is an important underlying pathomechanical basis for shoulder pain...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793043/unintentional-pediatric-injuries-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-how-often-is-it-severe
#4
Simone de Campos Vieira Abib, Alessandra Mara Françóia, Renata Waksman, Maria Inês Dolci, Hélio Penna Guimarães, Frederico Moreira, Marcus Vinícius BoarettoCezillo, Adenauer Marinho Góes
Purpose: To evaluate severity and built a pilot of a national databank about pediatric trauma and to determine its severity. Methods: Prospective study of unintentional pediatric trauma in five hospitals in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Results: 916 patients in 4 months. 61.5% of traumatized children were male, average 6.5 years. 48. 4% were falls. Most families had an average monthly income less than three minimum wages. 42% of accidents occurred at home...
July 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782303/incidence-and-body-location-of-reported-acute-sports-injuries-in-seven-sports-using-a-national-insurance-database
#5
Malin Åman, Magnus Forssblad, Karin Larsén
Sports with high numbers of athletes and acute injuries are an important target for preventive actions at a national level. Both for the health of the athlete and to reduce costs associated with injury. The aim of the present study was to identify injuries where injury prevention should focus, in order to have major impact on decreasing acute injury rates at a national level. All athletes in the seven investigated sport federations (automobile sports, basketball, floorball, football (soccer), handball, ice hockey, and motor sports) were insured by the same insurance company...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763417/sport-and-sex-specific-reporting-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-concussions-sustained-by-high-school-athletes
#6
Michael S Schallmo, Joseph A Weiner, Wellington K Hsu
BACKGROUND: Approximately 300,000 U.S. adolescents sustain concussions annually while participating in organized athletics. This study aimed to track sex and sport-specific trends among high school sports-related concussions over time, to identify whether a particular sport predisposes athletes to a higher risk, and to assess whether traumatic brain injury law enactments have been successful in improving recognition. METHODS: Injury data for academic years 2005 to 2014 were collected from annual reports generated by High School RIO (Reporting Information Online)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761707/concussion-guideline-implementation-perceptions-and-experiences-among-parents-of-community-level-australian-football-junior-players
#7
Peta E White, Johna Register-Mihalik, Alex Donaldson, S John Sullivan, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND/AIM: Concussion guidelines exist for multiple community sports. Parents are key stakeholders in guideline implementation and in appropriate responses following concussive injury. The purpose of this qualitative investigation was to understand how parents of community-level Australian Football (AF) players experience and perceive concussion guidelines in order to inform the design and implementation of concussion guidelines in community sport. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative approach was adopted to allow for an open and detailed exploration of the views of parents of junior community AF players (ie, those aged <16 years) regarding concussion guidelines of the AF League (AFL)-the national governing body for AF...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761701/high-prevalence-of-self-reported-injuries-and-illnesses-in-talented-female-athletes
#8
A Richardson, B Clarsen, E A L M Verhagen, J H Stubbe
BACKGROUND: A thorough knowledge of the epidemiology and severity of injuries and illness in youth female elite sports is lacking due to the methodological challenges involved in recording them. In this study, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and illness are assessed among youth female elite athletes. Instead of solely focusing on time-loss injuries, our study included all substantial and non-substantial health problems (ie, injuries, mental problems and illnesses). METHODS: Sixty young elite Dutch female athletes (age: 16...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761698/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-first-year-physical-education-teacher-education-students
#9
Anne-Marie van Beijsterveldt, Angelo Richardson, Benjamin Clarsen, Janine Stubbe
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to investigate the magnitude and characteristics of injuries and illnesses in Dutch physical education teacher education (PETE) students. METHODS: During the first 21 weeks of the academic year, 245 first-year students registered their health problems online using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Questionnaire on Health Problems. RESULTS: A total of 276 injuries, 140 illnesses and 69 unclassified health problems were reported...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759729/the-effects-of-injury-prevention-programs-on-the-biomechanics-of-landing-tasks-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Gregory D Myer, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is a common injury in sports and often occurs during landing from a jump. PURPOSE: To synthesize the evidence on the effects of injury prevention programs (IPPs) on landing biomechanics as they relate to the ligament, quadriceps, trunk, and leg dominance theories associated with ACL injury risk. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched for studies that investigated the effect of IPPs on landing task biomechanics...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754063/interjoint-coordination-of-the-lower-extremities-in-short-track-speed-skating
#11
Batbayar Khuyagbaatar, Tserenchimed Purevsuren, Won Man Park, Kyungsoo Kim, Yoon Hyuk Kim
In short-track speed skating, the three-dimensional kinematics of the lower extremities during the whole skating cycle have not been studied. Kinematic parameters of the lower extremities during skating are presented as joint angles versus time. However, the angle-time presentation is not sufficient to describe the relationship between multi-joint movement patterns. Thus, angle-angle presentations were developed and used to describe interjoint coordination in sport activities. In this study, 15 professional male skaters' full body motion data were recorded using a wearable motion capture system during short-track speed skating...
July 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753688/the-role-of-neck-muscle-activities-on-the-risk-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-american-football
#12
Xin Jin, Zhaoying Feng, Valerie H Mika, Haiyan Li, David Viano, King H Yang
Concussion, or mild TBI (mTBI), is frequently associated with sports activities. It has generally been accepted that neck strengthening exercises are effective as a preventive strategy for reducing sports-related concussion risks. However, the interpretation of the link between neck strength and concussion risks remains unclear. In this study, a typical helmeted head-to-head impact in American football was simulated using the head and neck complex finite element model. The impact scenario selected was previously reported in lab-controlled incident reconstructions from high-speed NFL video footages using two head-neck complexes taken from Hybrid III dummies...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746232/the-effect-of-topical-thiocolchicoside-in-preventing-and-reducing-the-increase-of-muscle-tone-stiffness-and-soreness-a-real-life-study-on-top-level-road-cyclists-during-stage-competition
#13
Marco Gervasi, Davide Sisti, Piero Benelli, Eneko Fernández-Peña, Cinzia Calcabrini, Marco B L Rocchi, Luigi Lanata, Michela Bagnasco, Andrea Tonti, Stocchi Vilberto, Piero Sestili
In professional road cyclists, the majority of overuse injuries affect the lower limbs and are mostly represented by contractures or muscle shortening, characterized by an increase of tone and stiffness and a variation of elasticity. Treatment and prevention of these specific conditions may include physical, supplementary, and pharmacologic support. The aim of this real-life study was to determine: first, the alterations of tone, stiffness, elasticity, and soreness of rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF) in top class cyclists engaged in 3 multistage races, and second, whether any variable in the management of the athletes may affect the prevention and/or reduction of such alterations...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745561/epidemiology-of-hip-flexor-and-hip-adductor-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-2014-2015
#14
Timothy G Eckard, Darin A Padua, Thomas P Dompier, Sara L Dalton, Kristian Thorborg, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the rates and patterns of hip flexor or hip adductor strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of hip flexor and adductor strains in NCAA athletes during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Rates and patterns of hip flexor and adductor strains in collegiate sports were examined in a convenience sample of NCAA varsity teams from 25 sports...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#15
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278 000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742607/pitch-counts-in-youth-baseball-and-softball-a-historical-review
#16
Brian T Feeley, Jessica Schisel, Julie Agel
OBJECTIVE: Pitching injuries are getting increased attention in the mass media. Many references are made to pitch counts and the role they play in injury prevention. The original purpose of regulating the pitch count in youth baseball was to reduce injury and fatigue to pitchers. This article reviews the history and development of the pitch count limit in baseball, the effect it has had on injury, and the evidence regarding injury rates on softball windmill pitching. DATA SOURCE: Literature search through PubMed, mass media, and organizational Web sites through June 2015...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739314/concussion-rates-in-u-s-middle-school-athletes-2015-2016-school-year
#17
Zachary Y Kerr, Nelson Cortes, Amanda M Caswell, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Kaitlin Romm Hallsmith, A Frederick Milbert, Shane V Caswell
INTRODUCTION: Concussion incidence estimates in middle school sports settings are limited. This study examines concussion incidence in nine U.S. middle schools during the 2015-2016 school year. METHODS: Concussion data originated from nine public middle schools in Prince William County, Virginia, during the 2015-2016 school year. Certified athletic trainers collected concussion and athlete exposure (AE) data in school-sanctioned games and practices in boys' baseball, basketball, football, soccer, track, and wrestling; and girls' basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball, track, and volleyball...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724697/facts-and-values-on-the-acceptability-of-risks-in-children-s-sport-using-the-example-of-rugby-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Kenneth Lincoln Quarrie, John H M Brooks, Nicholas Burger, Patria A Hume, Steve Jackson
A clash of values has been identified between those who assert that:1. all childhood injuries, regardless of origin, are inherently undesirable and should be prevented and;2. those who believe that some measure of injury to children is an acceptable compromise for the physical benefits associated with physical activity and the development of abilities to appraise and deal with risks.A debate regarding whether the tackles and collisions permitted in schools' rugby represent acceptable risks, and what steps should be taken if they do not, exemplifies the issue...
August 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723822/biomechanical-differences-in-female-basketball-and-soccer-players-during-multi-directional-jump-landings
#19
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs are less successful in basketball than soccer and may be due to distinct movement strategies that these athletes develop from sport-specific training. The purpose of this study was to identify biomechanical differences between female basketball and soccer players during multi-directional jump landings. Lower extremity biomechanics of eighty-nine female athletes who played competitive basketball (n=40) or soccer (n=49) at the middle- or high-school level were analyzed with three-dimensional motion analysis during a drop vertical jump (DVJ), double- (SAG-DL) and single-leg forward jump (SAG-SL), and double- (FRONT-DL) and single-leg (FRONT-SL) lateral jump...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720693/catastrophic-cervical-spinal-injury-in-an-amateur-college-wrestler
#20
Jayakrishnan Kelamangalathu Narayana Kurup, Ravitheja Jampani, Simanchal P Mohanty
A young amateur wrestler presented with a burst fracture of the seventh cervical vertebra with complete paraplegia. He was treated with surgery for spine stabilisation and was actively rehabilitated. Adolescents and teenagers are indulging in high-contact sports like wrestling, without proper training and technical know-how, which can lead to severe injuries and possibly, permanent handicap or death. Trainers, assistants and institutions should be well equipped to diagnose and provide initial care of people with a spinal injury to prevent a partial injury from progressing to complete injury...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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