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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548542/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-educational-programs-on-factors-that-affect-nurses-post-operative-pain-management-for-children
#1
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
May 26, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542661/-benign-acute-childhood-myositis-clinical-series-and-literature-review
#2
Felipe Cavagnaro S M, Alejandra Aird G, Ingrid Harwardt R, Carmen Gloria Marambio Q
Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is a rare clinical condition that mainly affects pre-school and school age-children. It is usually preceded by a viral illness, particularly influenza virus infection. OBJECTIVE: To describe a cluster of BACM cases that were seen in a paediatric unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective series of cases that presented with a clinical picture suggestive of BACM between August and November 2012 in the paediatric emergency department of a private clinic...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540807/technical-aspects-of-osteoid-osteoma-ablation-in-children-using-mr-guided-high-intensity-focussed-ultrasound
#3
Pavel S Yarmolenko, Avinash Eranki, Ari Partanen, Haydar Celik, AeRang Kim, Matthew Oetgen, Viktoriya Beskin, Domiciano Santos, Janish Patel, Peter C W Kim, Karun Sharma
BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a painful bone tumour occurring in children and young adults. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided high intensity focussed ultrasound (MR-HIFU) allows non-invasive treatment without ionising radiation exposure, in contrast to the current standard of care treatment with radiofrequency ablation (RFA). This report describes technical aspects of MR-HIFU ablation in the first 8 paediatric OO patients treated in a safety and feasibility clinical trial (total enrolment of up to 12 patients)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533552/physical-activity-for-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-standing-up-against-old-paradigms
#4
REVIEW
Bruno Gualano, Eloisa Bonfa, Rosa M R Pereira, Clovis A Silva
Over the past 50 years it has become clear that physical inactivity is associated with chronic disease risk. For several rheumatic diseases, bed rest was traditionally advocated as the best treatment, but several levels of evidence support the imminent paradigm shift from the prescription of bed rest to physical activity in individuals with paediatric rheumatic diseases, in particular juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile fibromyalgia, and juvenile dermatomyositis. Increasing levels of physical activity can alleviate several symptoms experienced by patients with paediatric rheumatic diseases, such as low aerobic fitness, pain, fatigue, muscle weakness and poor health-related quality of life...
May 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#5
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497475/quality-of-life-of-primary-caregivers-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-comparison-between-mother-and-grandmother-caregivers-in-anhui-province-of-china
#6
J Wu, J Zhang, Y Hong
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study are to evaluate the quality of life of mother and grandmother primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to compare the difference between these two groups of caregivers. METHODS: We recruited 125 mother and 52 grandmother primary caregivers of children with CP. All the primary caregivers were interviewed with the short-form 36 (SF-36) health survey version 2.0 and with researcher-designed questionnaires for family background...
May 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491300/schoolbags-and-back-pain-in-children-between-8-and-13-years-a-national-study
#7
Karl Spiteri, Maria-Louisa Busuttil, Samuel Aquilina, Dorothy Gauci, Erin Camilleri, Victor Grech
Schoolbag weight in schoolchildren is a recurrent and contentious issue within the educational and health sphere. Excessive schoolbag weight can lead to back pain in children, which increases the risk of chronic back pain in adulthood. There is limited research regarding this among the Maltese paediatric population. A cross-sectional study was undertaken across all schools in Malta among students aged 8-13 years (inclusive). Data were collected using a questionnaire detailing schoolbag characteristics, self-reported pain and demographic variables, such as age and gender...
May 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487434/fifteen-minute-consultation-practical-pain-management-in-paediatric-palliative-care
#8
Emily Jane Harrop, Karen Brombley, Katherine Boyce
Pain and distress in the paediatric palliative care population can be very difficult to manage. Clinical scenarios range from the acute management of cancer-related pain at the end of life to the ongoing long-term support of children with complex multimodal pain related to progressive neurological conditions. Understanding the child's underlying condition, possible causes of pain and their preferred mode of communication are important to the delivery of holistic care. Modification of environmental factors, basic care consideration and non-pharmacological measures have a large role to play, alongside conventional analgesics...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462830/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-nurse-initiated-medications-in-the-emergency-department
#9
REVIEW
C J Cabilan, Mary Boyde
BACKGROUND: Nurse-initiated medications are one of the most important strategies used to facilitate timely care for people who present to Emergency Departments (EDs). The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the evidence of nurse-initiated medications to guide future practice and research. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to locate published studies and Grey literature. All studies were assessed independently by two independent reviewers for relevance using titles and abstracts, eligibility dictated by the inclusion criteria, and methodological quality...
April 24, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453757/incidence-and-phenotype-at-diagnosis-of-very-early-onset-compared-with-later-onset-paediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-population-based-study-1988-2011
#10
E Bequet, H Sarter, M Fumery, F Vasseur, L Armengol-Debeir, B Pariente, D Ley, C Spyckerelle, H Coevoet, J E Laberenne, L Peyrin-Biroulet, G Savoye, D Turck, C Gower-Rousseau
Background and Aims: Very-early-onset inflammatory bowel disease [VEO-IBD] is a form of IBD that is distinct from that of children with an older onset. We compared changes over time in the incidence and phenotype at diagnosis between two groups according to age at IBD diagnosis: VEO-IBD diagnosed before the age of 6 years, and early-onset IBD [EO-IBD] diagnosed between 6 and 16 years of age. Methods: Data were obtained from a cohort enrolled in a prospective French population-based registry from 1988 to 2011...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447124/history-of-clubfoot-treatment-part-i-from-manipulation-in-antiquity-to-splint-and-plaster-in-renaissance-before-tenotomy
#11
Philippe Hernigou, Maxime Huys, Jacques Pariat, Sibylle Jammal
Idiopathic clubfoot is one of the most common problems in paediatric orthopaedics. The treatment is controversial and continues to be one of the challenges in paediatric orthopaedics. The aim of this review is to assess the different methods of clubfoot treatment used over the years in light of the documentation present in the literature and art paintings from the antiquity to the end of the 19th century. The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years that were proposed to provide patients a functional, pain-free, normal-looking foot, with good mobility, without calluses, and requiring no special shoes...
April 26, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445919/making-a-difference-pragmatic-paediatric-pain-management
#12
Ben Lawton, Henry Goldstein, Tessa Davis, Andrew Tagg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412176/human-parvovirus-b19-nosocomial-outbreak-in-healthcare-personnel-in-a-paediatric-ward-at-a-national-tertiary-referral-centre-in-thailand
#13
S Sungkate, W Phongsamart, S Rungmaitree, K Lapphra, O Wittawatmongkol, V Pumsuwan, N Wiruchkul, S Assanasen, Y Rongrungruang, N Onlamoon, N Horthongkham, W Lermankul, N Kongstan, K Chokephaibulkit
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial outbreaks of parvovirus B19 (pB19) have been reported, but they rarely occur among healthcare personnel (HCP). Susceptibility among pregnant HCP was the major concern. METHODS: An outbreak of pB19 among HCP is described in a paediatric ward with a cross-sectional serologic study in all HCP and patients exposed to the outbreak. Acute infection was diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction or positive anti-parvovirus B19 IgM. FINDINGS: Among 48 HCP (three pregnant) and 22 patients included in the outbreak serologic study, 11 (23%) HCP and two (9%) patients had acute infection...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409290/comparison-of-clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-during-two-major-paediatric-meningitis-outbreaks-of-echovirus-30-and-other-non-polio-enteroviruses-in-germany-in-2008-and-2013
#14
H Rudolph, R Prieto Dernbach, M Walka, P Rey-Hinterkopf, V Melichar, E Muschiol, S Schweitzer-Krantz, J W Richter, C Weiss, S Böttcher, S Diedrich, H Schroten, T Tenenbaum
Viral meningitis is mainly caused by non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV). Large-scale data on the clinical characteristics between different outbreaks within the same region are lacking. This study aimed to analyse a possible influence of the circulating NPEV genotype on the disease outcome of affected children. A retrospective cohort study analysing two major outbreaks of NPEV meningitis in Germany in 2008 and 2013 was conducted in cooperation with the National Reference Centre for Poliomyelitis and Enteroviruses (NRC PE) and five German children's hospitals...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404554/oesophageal-eosinophilia-in-children-with-coeliac-disease
#15
Anne Ari, Sara Morgenstern, Gabriel Chodick, Manar Matar, Ari Silbermintz, Amit Assa, Yael Mozer-Glassberg, Firas Rinawi, Vered Nachmias-Friedler, Raanan Shamir, Noam Zevit
OBJECTIVES: An association between coeliac disease (CD) and eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE)/oesophageal eosinophilia (EE) has been suggested. We sought to characterise children with CD+EE in-depth and assess the contribution of each condition to the clinical presentation and treatment response. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of children with both CD+EE, or isolated EoE diagnosed between 2000 and 2014, were retrospectively reviewed and compared with patients with isolated CD or epigastric pain...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404068/association-between-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#16
Julie Le Gal, Jean-Francois Michel, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Daniele Spiri, Raffaella Moretti, Donatella Bettati, Silvia Romanello, Paola Berlese, Rosa Lualdi, Priscilla Boizeau, Jerome Viala, Marc Bellaiche, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Giovanni Crichiutti, Corinne Alberti, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders and migraine are both common causes of medical attention. We have previously shown an association between migraine and infant colic. In this case-control study, we aimed to establish whether there is an association between migraine and other functional gastrointestinal disorders in children and adolescents. METHODS: We included children and adolescents aged 6-17 years presenting to the emergency department of four tertiary hospitals in France and Italy...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403569/assessment-of-a-short-hypnosis-in-a-paediatric-operating-room-in-reducing-post-operative-pain-and-anxiety-a-randomized-study
#17
Nathalie Duparc-Alegria, Karine Tiberghien, Hendy Abdoul, Souhayl Dahmani, Corinne Alberti, Anne-Francoise Thiollier
BACKGROUND: Despite specific information given before a scheduled paediatric surgery, perioperative anxiety can become important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a short hypnotic session on postoperative anxiety and pain in major orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: The study is an open single-centre randomized clinical study comparing a "control" group versus a "hypnosis" group receiving a short hypnosis pre-induction session as additional experimental analgesic procedure...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386399/development-of-research-priorities-in-paediatric-pain-and-palliative-care
#18
Christina Liossi, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Richard F Howard
Priority setting for healthcare research is as important as conducting the research itself because rigorous and systematic processes of priority setting can make an important contribution to the quality of research. This project aimed to prioritise clinical therapeutic uncertainties in paediatric pain and palliative care in order to encourage and inform the future research agenda and raise the profile of paediatric pain and palliative care in the United Kingdom. Clinical therapeutic uncertainties were identified and transformed into patient, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) format and prioritised using a modified Nominal Group Technique...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384932/proliferative-fasciitis-in-childhood-a-review-of-clinical-data-apropos-of-a-case
#19
Dimitrios Sfoungaris, Vassilios Mouravas, Chrysostomos Kepertis, Vassilios Lambropoulos, Ioannis Spyridakis
Proliferative Fasciitis (PF) is a benign lesion with histologic and clinical features overlapping with those of malignant soft tissue tumours. Its occurrence in children is considered very rare. We present a case of PF appearing as a painful, red, gradually increasing in size lesion, during a period of a few weeks, on the finger of a five-year-old boy compromising the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. We were able to locate literature on 20 paediatric PF cases, which we review. Only five of these focus on the clinical data, the rest describing mainly histological findings...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370851/validation-of-the-german-fear-of-pain-questionnaire-in-a-sample-of-children-with-mixed-chronic-pain-conditions
#20
F Flack, A L Gerlach, L E Simons, B Zernikow, T Hechler
BACKGROUND: To date, no German instrument exists to measure pain-related fear in paediatric pain populations. The objective of the current study was to determine the construct validity of the translated German fear of pain questionnaire for children (GFOPQ-C) in a sample of children with mixed chronic pain disorders by testing the underlying factor structure, and its psychometric properties. METHOD: N = 241 children with mixed chronic pain disorders (aged 8-19 years) presenting to a specialized pain clinic completed the GFOPQ-C and several other pain, fear and disability measures...
April 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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