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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649109/-aging-and-homeostasis-prevention-and-treatment-of-locomotive-syndrome
#1
Naohisa Miyakoshi
Locomotive syndrome is defined as a condition of reduced mobility due to impairment of the locomotive organs. With the increased aging of society, the demand for the prevention and treatment of locomotive syndrome to improve healthy life expectancy is increasing. Studies have shown that exercise programs including balance training and resistance training are effective in preventing falls. Resistance training also improves walking ability(gait speed)in older adults. In Japan, 'locomotion training' consisting of one-leg standing and squatting exercise is recommended to prevent locomotive syndrome...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648554/the-isokinetic-rotator-cuff-strength-ratios-in-overhead-athletes-assessment-and-exercise-effect
#2
REVIEW
Kelly Berckmans, Annelies G Maenhout, Lien Matthijs, Louise Pieters, Birgit Castelein, Ann M Cools
OBJECTIVE: Muscle strength imbalance in the shoulder region can be considered as a predisposing factor in the development of movement dysfunctions, possibly leading to overuse injuries. Repetitive overhead throwing, performed in sports, may result in muscle imbalance between the external (ER) and internal (IR) rotators. Muscle strength measured with an isokinetic device, is reported as a concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) force. The balance between an agonist and an antagonist is mentioned as a ratio (CON/CON or ECC/CON)...
March 11, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644877/patient-experienced-burden-of-treatment-in-patients-with-multimorbidity-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-data
#3
Michael Rosbach, John Sahl Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize existing qualitative literature on patient-experienced burden of treatment in multimorbid patients. METHODS: A literature search identified available qualitative studies on the topic of burden of treatment in multimorbidity and meta-ethnography was applied as method. The authors' original findings were preserved, but also synthesized to new interpretations to investigate the concept of the burden of treatment using the Cumulative Complexity Model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644716/the-effects-of-acute-carbohydrate-and-caffeine-feeding-strategies-on-cycling-efficiency
#4
Matthew Cole, James G Hopker, Jonathan D Wiles, Damian A Coleman
To assess the effect of carbohydrate and caffeine on gross efficiency (GE), 14 cyclists (V̇O2max 57.6 ± 6.3 ml.kg(-1.)min(-1)) completed 4 × 2-hour tests at a submaximal exercise intensity (60% Maximal Minute Power). Using a randomized, counter-balanced crossover design, participants consumed a standardised diet in the 3-days preceding each test and subsequently ingested either caffeine (CAF), carbohydrate (CHO), caffeine+carbohydrate (CAF+CHO) or water (W) during exercise whilst GE and plasma glucose were assessed at regular intervals (~30 mins)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#5
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638191/tai-chi-for-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#6
Wei Zheng, Qiang Li, Jingxia Lin, Yingqiang Xiang, Tong Guo, Qiong Chen, Dongbin Cai, Yutao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi as a form of moderate aerobic exercise originating in China, could promote balance and healing of the mind-body. Furthermore, Tai Chi has been used as an adjunctive treatment for patients with schizophrenia. However, no meta-analysis or systematic review on adjunctive Tai Chi for patients with schizophrenia has yet been reported. AIM: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the efficacy of Tai Chi as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia using randomized controlled trial (RCT) data...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#7
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632046/targeting-associated-mechanisms-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-female-community-level-athletes
#8
Jonathan M D Staynor, Joanna C Nicholas, Gillian Weir, Jacqueline A Alderson, Cyril J Donnelly
This study aims to determine if biomechanically informed injury prevention training can reduce associated factors of anterior cruciate ligament injury risk among a general female athletic population. Female community-level team sport athletes, split into intervention (n = 8) and comparison groups (n = 10), completed a sidestepping movement assessment prior to and following a 9-week training period, in which kinetic, kinematic and neuromuscular data were collected. The intervention group completed a biomechanically informed training protocol, consisting of plyometric, resistance and balance exercises, adjunct to normal training, for 15-20 min twice a week...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630568/the-effects-of-a-self-efficacy-intervention-on-exercise-behavior-of-fitness-club-members-in-52-weeks-and-long-term-relationships-of-transtheoretical-model-constructs
#9
Jan Middelkamp, Maaike van Rooijen, Peter Wolfhagen, Bert Steenbergen
The transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM) is often used to understand changes in health-related behavior, like exercise. Exercise behavior in fitness clubs is an understudied topic, but preliminary studies showed low frequencies and large numbers of drop-out. An initial 12-week self-efficacy intervention reported significant effects on exercise behavior. The objective of this follow up study is testing effects on exercise behavior over 52 weeks and the long-term relationships of all TTM constructs...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629836/opposite-effects-of-catalase-and-mnsod-ectopic-expression-on-stress-induced-defects-and-mortality-in-the-desmin-deficient-cardiomyopathy-model
#10
Kleopatra Rapti, Antigoni Diokmetzidou, Ismini Kloukina, Derek J Milner, Aimilia Varela, Constantinos H Davos, Yassemi Capetanaki
Oxidative stress has been linked strongly to cell death and cardiac remodeling processes, all hallmarks of heart failure. Mice deficient for desmin (des-/-), the major muscle specific intermediate filament protein, develop dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure characterized by mitochondrial defects and cardiomyocyte death. The cellular and biochemical alterations in the hearts of these mice strongly suggest that oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of the phenotype. Recently, we showed that indeed the desmin deficient cardiomyocytes are under increased oxidative stress...
June 16, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629268/comparing-the-effect-of-cawthorne-cooksey-and-frenkel-exercises-on-balance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Fatemeh Karami, Shahla Najafi Doulatabad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Cawthorne-Cooksey and Frenkel exercises on balance in patients with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: It was a three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: Patients with multiple sclerosis. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects in the intervention groups completed a 12-week program consisted of Cawthorne-Cooksey or Frenkel exercises...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628539/effects-of-an-off-axis-pivoting-elliptical-training-program-on-gait-function-in-persons-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-preliminary-study
#12
Liang-Ching Tsai, Yupeng Ren, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Gadi A Revivo, Li-Qun Zhang
This preliminary study examined the effects of off-axis elliptical training on reducing transverse-plane gait deviations and improving gait function in 8 individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) (15.5 ± 4.1 years) who completed an training program using a custom-made elliptical trainer that allows transverse-plane pivoting of the footplates during exercise. Lower-extremity off-axis control during elliptical exercise was evaluated by quantifying the root-mean-square and maximal angular displacement of the footplate pivoting angle...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627861/effectiveness-of-aquatic-therapy-for-the-control-of-pain-and-increased-functionality-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Sagrario Pérez de la Cruz
BACKGROUND: Gait, balance disorders and pain associated with Parkinson's disease represent important therapeutic challenges, as they are related with an increased risk of falls, together with disability and physical decline. AIM: To compare the effects of an aquatic Ai Chi training program on the perception of pain, the maintenance of balance and the functional independence of patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627254/randomized-trial-of-a-lifestyle-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-on-transtheoretical-model-variables
#14
Stacie Scruggs, Scherezade K Mama, Cindy L Carmack, Tommy Douglas, Pamela Diamond, Karen Basen-Engquist
This study examined whether a physical activity intervention affects transtheoretical model (TTM) variables that facilitate exercise adoption in breast cancer survivors. Sixty sedentary breast cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month lifestyle physical activity intervention or standard care. TTM variables that have been shown to facilitate exercise adoption and progress through the stages of change, including self-efficacy, decisional balance, and processes of change, were measured at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626317/the-effect-of-the-push-up-plus-on-shoulder-muscle-activation-while-using-a-sling-with-a-pulley
#15
Kim Tae Ho, Kong Kwan Woo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the push-up plus while using a balance ball, a sling, and a sling with a pulley in a creeping position on an unstable floor. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into three groups of 15 members each who performed the different three type methods of push-up plus (with scapulae protruding) in a random order while in a creeping posture. The muscle activity of each group in the push-up plus posture was measured using electromyography, and the measurement values were compared among the groups using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#16
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621015/perturbation-based-balance-training-for-falls-reduction-among-older-adults-current-evidence-and-implications-for-clinical-practice
#17
REVIEW
Marissa H G Gerards, Christopher McCrum, Avril Mansfield, Kenneth Meijer
Falls are a leading cause of injury, hospitalization and even death among older adults. Although various strength and balance exercise interventions have shown moderate reductions in falls incidence among healthy older adults, no significant falls incidence improvements have been consistently seen in frail older adults or in patient groups with an increased falls risk (e.g. people with Parkinson's disease and stroke). This might be due to a lack of task specificity of previous exercise interventions to the recovery actions required to prevent a fall...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620053/exercise-training-improve-cardiac-autonomic-control-cardiac-function-and-arrhythmogenesis-in-rats-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-heart-failure
#18
David C Andrade, Alexis Arce-Alvarez, Camilo Toledo, Hugo S Diaz, Claudia Lucero, Harold D Schultz, Noah J Marcus, Rodrigo Del Rio
Chronic heart failure is characterized by autonomic imbalance, cardiac dysfunction and arrhythmogenesis. It has been shown that exercise training (ExT) improves central nervous system oxidative stress, autonomic control and cardiac function in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), however to date no comprehensive studies have addressed the effects of ExT, if any, on oxidative stress in brainstem cardiovascular areas, cardiac autonomic balance, arrhythmogenesis and cardiac function in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619304/the-prevalence-rate-of-deviations-in-body-constitutions-and-related-factors-in-follow-up-stage-breast-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-study
#19
Shu-Chuan Amy Lin, Pei-Yi Chu, Li-Li Chen, Yi-Chang Su, Shin-Mae Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to apply a rigorous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) body constitution questionnaire (BCQ) to survey the prevalence rate of deviations in body constitution and to explore the health-related lifestyle behavior factors of deviations in body constitution. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was administered through postal mail. Subjects were recruited from a national organization for breast cancer patients (Taiwan Breast Cancer Alliance)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616916/-relationship-between-lep-g2548a-polymorphism-and-cholesterol-gallstone
#20
Jing Chen, Jie He, Jiang-Hui Chen, Zhen-Bin Lai, Qi-Jun Cheng, Xiao-Shan Yu, Hui-Fen Liu, Yan-Hua Su, Ben-Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in leptin (LEP) genes and environmental factors with cholesterol gallstone in southeast Han populations. METHODS: A 1:2 matched case-control study was conducted involving 200 patients with cholesterol gallstone. Genotyping of the SNP was examined on the LightCycler480 PCR platform using in-house high resolution melting (HRM) approaches. Detection correctness was validated through direct sequencing...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
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