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balance and exercise

Anne Tiedemann, Sandra O'Rourke, Catherine Sherrington
Objectives and importance of study: Yoga improves balance and mobility, and therefore has potential as a fall prevention strategy, yet its validity for preventing falls has not been established. The Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) and tai chi are proven to prevent falls. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions and preferences of older people towards a yoga-based program with potential to decrease falls, to compare these perceptions to the views expressed about the OEP and tai chi, and to identify participant characteristics associated with a preference for the yoga program...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
Paulo H Marchetti, Mauro A Guiselini, Josinaldo J da Silva, Raymond Tucker, David G Behm, Lee E Brown
In-line and traditional lunge exercises present differences in technique as lower limb positioning (anterioposterior), and medio-lateral (ML) balance may differentially affect primary and stabilizer muscles. The purposes of this study were to examine ML balance and muscle activation in anterior and posterior leg positions between in-line and traditional lunge exercises. Fifteen young, healthy, resistance-trained men (25 ± 5 years) performed 2 different lunge exercises (in-line and traditional) at their 10 repetition maximum in a randomized, counterbalanced fashion...
June 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
Cathryn R Baldwin, Amy J Harry, Lynda J Power, Katherine L Pope, Katherine E Harding
BACKGROUND/AIM: The National Stroke Foundation recommends that Occupational Therapists use Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) with stroke survivors that experience an upper limb deficit. CIMT involves constraining the unaffected upper limb coupled with intensive therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a modified, low intensity version of CIMT (mCIMT) provided within usual resources of an Australian community rehabilitation setting. METHODS: A pilot randomised control trial (n = 19) was conducted with stroke survivors referred for community rehabilitation...
June 19, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Giovanni D'Addio, Luigi Iuppariello, Paolo Bifulco, Bernardo Lanzillo, Nicola Pappone, Mario Cesarelli
OBJECTIVES: Smart fabrics and interactive textiles are a relatively new area of research, with many potential applications in the field of biomedical engineering. The ability of smart textiles to interact with the body provides a novel means to sense the wearer's physiology and respond to the needs of the wearer. Physiological signals, such as heart rate, breathing rates, and activity levels, are useful indicators of health status. These signals can be measured by means of textile-based sensors integrated into smart clothing which has the ability to keep a digital record of the patient's physiological responses since his or her last clinical visit, allowing doctors to make a more accurate diagnosis...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Alli Gokeler, Romain Seil, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen
Efficacy studies have demonstrated decreased anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates for athletes participating in injury prevention programs. Typically, ACL injury prevention programs entail a combination of plyometrics, strength training, agility and balance exercises. Unfortunately, improvements of movement patterns are not sustained over time. The reason may be related to the type of instructions given during training. Encouraging athletes to consciously control knee movements during exercises may not be optimal for the acquisition of complex motor skills as needed in complex sports environments...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Roberta Castilhos Detanico Bohrer, Gleber Pereira, Joice Katiane Mendes Beck, Angélica Lodovico, André Rodacki
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of multicomponent training program, designed to improve the torque around the ankle joint performing high-speed movement execution, on healthy older adults. Participants were balanced by torque around the ankle joint and randomly allocated to either exercise (n=12, 69.7±4.8 years, 74.6±16.8 kg, 1.63±0.10 m) or control group (n=14, 70.86±6.48 years; 73.5±13.4 kg, 1.56±0.05 m). The exercise group performed a multicomponent training of resistance, agility and coordination exercises, focusing on the plantar flexor muscles during 12 weeks (3 days per week)...
June 18, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Derek A Crawford, Nicholas B Drake, Michael J Carper, Justin DeBlauw, Katie M Heinrich
High-Intensity Functional Training (HIFT) is a novel exercise intervention that may test body systems in a balanced and integrated fashion by challenging individuals' abilities to complete mechanical work. However, research has not previously determined if physical work capacity is unique to traditional physiologic measures of fitness. Twenty-five healthy men and women completed a six-week HIFT intervention with physical work capacity and various physiologic measures of fitness assessed pre- and post-intervention...
March 27, 2018: Sports
Jennifer R DuBose, Zorana Matić, Maria Fernanda Wong Sala, Joel M Mumma, Colleen S Kraft, Lisa M Casanova, Kimberly Erukunuakpor, Francis T Durso, Victoria L Walsh, Puja Shah, Craig M Zimring, Jesse T Jacob
OBJECTIVE: To identify ways that the built environment may support or disrupt safe doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE) in biocontainment units (BCU). DESIGN: We observed interactions between healthcare workers (HCWs) and the built environment during 41 simulated PPE donning and doffing exercises. SETTING: The BCUs of 4 Ebola treatment facilities and 1 high-fidelity BCU mockup.ParticipantsA total of 64 HCWs (41 doffing HCWs and 15 trained observers) participated in this study...
June 18, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Gethin H Evans, Lewis Mattin, Isabelle Ireland, William Harrison, Adora M W Yau, Victoria McIver, Tristan Pocock, Elizabeth Sheader, Lewis J James
Whey protein is a commonly ingested nutritional supplement amongst athletes and regular exercisers; however, its role in post-exercise rehydration remains unclear. Eight healthy male and female participants completed two experimental trials involving the ingestion of 35 g of whey protein (WP) or maltodextrin (MD) at the onset of a rehydration period, followed by ingestion of water to a volume equivalent to 150% of the amount of body mass lost during exercise in the heat. The gastric emptying rates of the solutions were measured using 13 C breath tests...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
Laura Mori, Valeria Prada, Alessio Signori, Davide Pareyson, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Luca Padua, Costanza Pazzaglia, Gian M Fabrizi, Alessandro Picelli, Angelo Schenone
BACKGROUND: The outcome measures (OMs) in clinical trials for Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) still represent an issue. A recent study highlighted that three additional clinical OMs, the 10 meters walk test (10MWT), 9 hole-peg test, and foot dorsal flexion dynamometry, further improve discrimination between severely and mildly affected patients. Another study recently assess the validity and reliability of the 6 Minutes Walking test (6MWT). AIM: To identify the most useful scales in the clinical evaluation of CMT1A patients...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Susan J Curry, Alex H Krist, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Martha Kubik, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng, John B Wong
Importance: Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which encompasses atherosclerotic conditions such as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral arterial disease, is the most common cause of death among adults in the United States. Treatment to prevent CVD events by modifying risk factors is currently informed by CVD risk assessment with tools such as the Framingham Risk Score or the Pooled Cohort Equations, which stratify individual risk to inform treatment decisions. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for coronary heart disease with electrocardiography (ECG)...
June 12, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Joao Paulo Cavalcanti-de-Albuquerque, Grasielle Clotildes Kincheski, Ruy Andrade Louzada, Antônio Galina, Anna Paola Trindade Rocha Pierucci, Denise P Carvalho
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Physical exercise has emerged as a non-pharmacological treatment for obesity by promoting changes in energy balance. Despite the accumulated knowledge about exercise effects on energy expenditure, the central question of this study is to understand how an acute session of exercise might affect food intake of male Wistar rats. What is the main finding? The main finding of this work is that food intake in male Wistar rats is decreased in the first hour after physical exercise independent of the intensity...
June 12, 2018: Experimental Physiology
The Lancet Oncology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Lancet Oncology
Melissa J Black, Adam A Lucero, Philip W Fink, Lee Stoner, Sarah P Shultz, Sally D Lark, David S Rowlands
The increased risk of falls associated with advancing age has increased demand for methods to improve balance and mobility. The primary purpose of the study was to determine whether wearing Aqua Titan-treated stockings could improve balance and walking performance in an older population; secondary was to elucidate the mechanisms. In a randomized, double-blind crossover, 16 healthy older adults (age, 67.9 ± 4.2 years; BMI, 24.8 ± 3.1 kg/m²) performed two 4-day trials composed of baseline measures and fatiguing exercise on Day 1, with recovery measures at 14, 38 and 62 h post-exercise, wearing Aqua Titan and control stockings...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Jennifer W Bea, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Luis Valdez, Brian Kinslow, Etta Yazzie, Mark C Lee, Pearl Nez, Shelby Dalgai, Anna Schwartz
Physical activity (PA) may improve quality of life and survival among cancer survivors; however, little is known about Navajo cancer survivor PA. We evaluated Navajo cancer survivor PA habits, barriers, and preferences through focus groups and interviews (n = 32). Transcripts were coded in NVivo and major themes summarized by consensus. Survivor exercise guidelines were largely unknown, but movement, resilience and life balance were valued. Most participants reported at ≥1 mode of current PA (n = 24; 71% walking, 46% work/homesteading)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
Favil Singh, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Nigel A Spry, Michael K Baker, Dennis R Taaffe
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation treatment (CRT) in rectal cancer patients is associated with a reduction in physical capacity, lean mass and increased fatigue. As a countermeasure to these treatment-related adverse effects, we examined the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a 10-week exercise program during CRT. METHODS: Ten rectal cancer patients (7 men, aged 27-70 years, body mass index = 26.4 ± 3.8 kg/m2 ) receiving CRT undertook supervised resistance and aerobic exercise twice weekly...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Wonjae Choi, Seungwon Lee
BACKGROUND Kayaking is an interesting and posturally challenging activity; however, kayaking may be limited by safety issues in older adults. The aim of this study was to determine whether ground kayak paddling (GKP) exercise can improve postural balance, muscle performance, and cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty participants were randomly allocated to a GKP group (n=30; mean age, 74 years) or a control group (n=30; mean age, 74 years). GKP exercise consisted 5 types of exercise protocols, including paddling and multi-directional reaching with repetitive trunk and upper-extremities movements, which was performed for 60 min twice a week for 6 weeks...
June 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
József Tollár, Ferenc Nagy, Norbert Kovács, Tibor Hortobágyi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a high-intensity exercise therapy using sensorimotor and visual stimuli on non-demented Parkinson's disease (PD) patients' clinical symptoms, mobility, and standing balance DESIGN: Randomized clinical intervention, using a before-after trial design. SETTING: University hospital setting. PARTICIPANTS: 72 PD patients with Hoehn-Yahr stage of 2 to 3, of whom 64 were randomized, and 55 completed the study...
June 7, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
M E Clegg, A Godfrey
Ageing often causes a reduction in appetite and energy intake in older adults which can result in malnutrition. Current guidelines for older adults suggest increasing physical activity to enhance appetite. However, it is unclear if there is evidence to support this advice. This aim of this review is to assess if appetite and energy intake is changed in older adults that undertake acute or regular physical activity (measured from cross sectional and intervention studies). Databases SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, MEDLINE were searched for studies between 1970 and 2017 using search terms related to ageing, physical activity (including exercise), energy and appetite...
June 6, 2018: Appetite
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