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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098989/discovery-of-40-classes-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-historical-aqueous-film-forming-foams-afffs-and-afff-impacted-groundwater
#1
Krista A Barzen-Hanson, Simon C Roberts, Sarah J Choyke, Karl Oetjen, Alan McAlees, Nicole Riddell, Robert McCrindle, Patrick Lee Ferguson, Christopher P Higgins, Jennifer A Field
Aqueous film-forming foams (AFFFs), containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), are released into the environment during response to fire-related emergencies. Repeated historical applications of AFFF at military sites were a result of fire-fighter training exercises and equipment testing. Recent data on AFFF-impacted groundwater indicates that ~25% of the PFASs remain unidentified. In an attempt to close the mass balance, a systematic evaluation of 3M and fluorotelomer-based AFFFs, commercial products, and AFFF-impacted groundwaters from 15 U...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097926/a-pilot-study-of-a-minimally-supervised-home-exercise-and-walking-program-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-jordan
#2
Hanan Khalil, Monica Busse, Lori Quinn, Mohammad Nazzal, Waleed Batyha, Shatha Alkhazaleh, Mahmoud A Alomari
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and cultural considerations of a minimally supervised, home-based exercise program in Jordan. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either an 8-week intervention group (n = 16), or a standard care group (n = 14). The intervention incorporated the home use of an exercise DVD, walking program and initial instructional sessions and weekly phone calls provided by a physiotherapist...
January 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095093/the-effect-of-foot-plantar-massage-on-balance-and-functional-reach-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#3
Eylem Tütün Yümin, Tülay Tarsuslu Şimşek, Meral Sertel, Handan Ankaralı, Murat Yumin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of manual foot plantar massage (classic and friction massage) on functional mobility level, balance, and functional reach in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). METHODS: A total of 38 subjects diagnosed with T2 DM were included in the study. A healthy control group could not be formed in this study. After the subjects' socio-demographic data were obtained, Timed Up & Go (TUG) Test, functional reach test (FRT), one-leg standing test with eyes open-closed, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to measure foot pain intensity were performed...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090397/insights-about-fall-prevention-of-older-adults-in-the-state-of-hawai-i
#4
Yuka Yamazaki, Cullen T Hayashida, Valerie Yontz
The senior population in Hawai'i is growing at a dramatic pace. In the older population, falls and fall-related injuries are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Moreover, the health care costs for falls are very high. The State of Hawai'i has taken measures to prevent falls through the promotion of medication reviews, vision checks, home assessments, and exercise. However, current published examinations of fall preventive measures have been insufficient, and more research is needed to confirm risk factors, effectiveness of preventive measures, and to explore future objectives...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090182/supervised-versus-home-exercise-training-programs-on-functional-balance-in-older-subjects
#5
Enas Fawzy Youssef, Alsayed Abd Elhameed Shanb
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with a progressive decline in physical capabilities and a disturbance of both postural control and daily living activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supervised versus home exercise programs on muscle strength, balance and functional activities in older participants. METHODS: Forty older participants were equally assigned to a supervised exercise program (group-I) or a home exercise program (group-II). Each participant performed the exercise program for 35-45 minutes, two times per week for four months...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089490/dynamic-plant-plant-herbivore-interactions-govern-plant-growth-defence-integration
#6
REVIEW
Jorad de Vries, Jochem B Evers, Erik H Poelman
Plants downregulate their defences against insect herbivores upon impending competition for light. This has long been considered a resource trade-off, but recent advances in plant physiology and ecology suggest this mechanism is more complex. Here we propose that to understand why plants regulate and balance growth and defence, the complex dynamics in plant-plant competition and plant-herbivore interactions needs to be considered. Induced growth-defence responses affect plant competition and herbivore colonisation in space and time, which has consequences for the adaptive value of these responses...
January 12, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079705/prescribed-drinking-leads-to-better-cycling-performance-than-ad-libitum-drinking
#8
Costas N Bardis, Stavros A Kavouras, J D Adams, Nickos D Geladas, Demosthenis B Panagiotakos, Labros S Sidossis
: Drinking ad libitum during exercise often leads to dehydration ranging from -1 to -3% of body weight. PURPOSE: To study the effect of a prescribed hydration protocol matching fluid losses on a simulated 30-km criterium-like cycling performance in the heat (31.6±0.5 °C). METHOD: Ten elite, heat-acclimatized, male endurance cyclists (30±5 y, 76.5±7.2 kg, 1.81±0.07 m, VO2peak: 61.3±5.2 ml[BULLET OPERATOR]min[BULLET OPERATOR]kg, body fat: 10...
January 10, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079616/evaluation-of-an-outpatient-rehabilitative-program-to-address-mobility-limitations-among-older-adults
#9
Lorna G Brown, Meng Ni, Catherine T Schmidt, Jonathan F Bean
Live Long Walk Strong is a clinical demonstration program for community-dwelling older patients. It was designed to be consistent with current fall prevention guidelines and reimbursed under the Medicare model. Patients were screened within primary care and referred to a physiatrist followed by systematic assessment and treatment within an outpatient rehabilitative care setting. The treatment included behavioral modification, fall prevention education, community/home exercise integration, and exercise targeting strength, power, flexibility, balance, and endurance...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078435/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercises-on-pain-muscle-strength-functional-capacity-balance-and-hemodynamic-parameters-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-supervised-versus-home-exercises
#10
Tuğba Kuru Çolak, Bahar Kavlak, Onur Aydoğdu, Emir Şahin, Gönül Acar, İlkşan Demirbüken, Zübeyir Sarı, İlker Çolak, Güven Bulut, M Gülden Polat
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of low-intensity exercise programs for lower extremities, either supervised or at home, on pain, muscle strength, balance and the hemodynamic parameters of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. This randomized study included 78 patients with knee OA in 2 groups of supervised and home-based exercise program. Exercises were applied to the first group in the clinic as a group exercise program and were demonstrated to the second group to be performed at home. Before and after the 6-week exercise program, assessment was made of pain, quadriceps and hamstring muscle strengths, 6-min walk test (6MWT), and non-invasive hemodynamic parameters...
January 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078090/the-effect-of-ongoing-feedback-on-physical-activity-levels-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T Smith, Greig Watson, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075704/changes-in-cardiorespiratory-responses-and-kinematics-with-hippotherapy-in-youth-with-and-without-cerebral-palsy
#12
Brandon Rhett Rigby, Adam Robert Gloeckner, Suzanne Sessums, Beth Anne Lanning, Peter Walter Grandjean
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize pelvic displacement and cardiorespiratory responses to simulated horseback riding and walking in youth with cerebral palsy and to compare responses to youth without cerebral palsy before and after 8 weeks of hippotherapy. METHOD: Eight youth with cerebral palsy (Mage = 10 ± 4 years; Mheight = 137 ± 24 cm; Mweight = 32 ± 16 kg) and 8 youth without cerebral palsy (Mage = 11 ± 2 years; Mheight = 149 ± 14 cm; Mweight = 48 ± 15 kg) underwent a hippotherapy intervention...
January 11, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074678/prevention-of-alzheimer-s-disease-cerebrovascular-disease-and-dementia-in-women-the-case-for-menopause-hormone-therapy
#13
Dennis A Davey
Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular disease and aging-related cognitive impairment and dementia (ARCID) increase in prevalence in women with advancing age. The development of Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular disease and ARCID may be postponed or prevented by protective measures including the active treatment of vascular risk factors and continuing exercise and healthy lifestyle from early- and mid-life onward. Bilateral oophorectomy before the natural menopause is associated with an increased incidence of ARCID and the increased risk is significantly reduced by estrogen therapy...
January 11, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067740/update-on-management-of-type-1-diabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-in-athletes
#14
Jane E Yardley, Sheri R Colberg
Optimal blood glucose management still remains the biggest challenge in active individuals with diabetes, particularly in insulin users, but some newer strategies have been introduced to maintain blood glucose control. Recent studies emphasize the importance of exercise intensity on glycemic balance. In individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, both resistance and high-intensity intermittent exercise have been shown to confer beneficial physiological adaptations in training studies, while also showing acute glycemic benefits from single sessions...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067123/the-effect-of-a-supervised-community-based-exercise-program-on-balance-balance-confidence-and-gait-in-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputation
#15
Carol A Miller, Jennifer E Williams, Katey L Durham, Selena C Hom, Julie L Smith
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with lower limb loss report concern with walking ability after completing structured traditional rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of a supervised community-based exercise program on balance, balance confidence, and gait in individuals with lower limb amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. METHODS: The supervised exercise program was offered biweekly for 6 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065878/coordination-between-antioxidant-defences-might-be-partially-modulated-by-magnesium-status
#16
Cristina Paula Monteiro, Catarina Nunes Matias, Manuel Bicho, Helena Santa-Clara, Maria José Laires
The aim of this study was to compare the redox balance in competitive adult swimmers against recreational practitioners, controlling for Mg intake. Fifteen, competitive swimmers and 16 recreational practitioners, all male and aged 18-25years, were recruited into the study. Oxidative and muscle damage markers, and antioxidant enzymes and non-enzymatic antioxidants were evaluated by photometry (except for thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS), which was assessed by fluorimetry). Controlling for the level of exercise, inverse correlations were observed for uric acid and glutathione reductase (GR) or susceptibility of red blood cells to peroxidation (RBCPx); plasma adrenaline oxidase activity (AdOx) and carotenoids; TBARS and GR or Vit E; and direct correlations were observed between AdOx and creatine kinase (CK) or TBARS; CK and superoxide dismutase activity; GR and RBCPx...
January 6, 2017: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065709/-the-exercise-training-restores-the-heart-rate-variability-in-heart-failure-patients-a-systematic-review
#17
Victoria Segovia, Carlos Manterola, Marcelo González, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez
: Cardiovascular diseases are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the general population. In this sense the autonomic imbalance is the cornerstone of the physiopathology underlying the development of these diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of exercise training on heart rate variability (HRV) in adult patients with chronic heart failure. METHODOLOGY: A systematic literature review was conducted on electronic databases. The considered studies were randomized clinical trials, quasi-experimental studies with non-randomized control group, quasi-experimental studies with analysis of pre and post intervention and crossover studies with randomly assigned training and detraining periods...
January 5, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064172/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-prevent-frailty-in-pre-frail-community-dwelling-older-people-consulting-in-primary-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
M Serra-Prat, X Sist, R Domenich, L Jurado, A Saiz, A Roces, E Palomera, M Tarradelles, M Papiol
BACKGROUND: evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent frailty is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to assess the effect of an intervention in preventing frailty progression in pre-frail older people. STUDY DESIGN: a randomised, open label, controlled trial with two parallel arms. POPULATION: community-dwelling pre-frail older people (≥70 years) consulting in primary care. INTERVENTION: nutritional assessment (and derivation to a Nutritional Unit for usual care in the event of nutritional risk) and a physical activity programme including aerobic exercise and a set of mixed strengthening, balance and coordination exercises CONTROL GROUP: patients receiving the usual care...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059464/adults-with-initial-metabolic-syndrome-have-altered-muscle-deoxygenation-during-incremental-exercise
#19
Alessandro da Costa Machado, Thales Coelho Barbosa, Allan Robson Kluser Sales, Marcio Nogueira de Souza, Antonio Claudio Lucas da Nóbrega, Bruno Moreira Silva
OBJECTIVE: Reduced aerobic power is independently associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) incidence and prevalence in adults. This study investigated whether muscle deoxygenation (proxy of microvascular O2 extraction) during incremental exercise is altered in MetS and associated with reduced oxygen consumption ( V˙O2peak ). METHODS: Twelve men with initial MetS (no overt diseases and medication-naive; mean ± SD, age 38 ± 7 years) and 12 healthy controls (HCs) (34 ± 7 years) completed an incremental cycling test to exhaustion, in which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange (metabolic analyzer), as well as vastus lateralis deoxygenation (near infrared spectroscopy), were measured...
January 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#20
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
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