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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682311/acl-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft-and-accelerated-brace-free-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes
#1
Rob P A Janssen, Nicky van Melick, Jan B A van Mourik, Max Reijman, Lodewijk W van Rhijn
Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes after hamstring tendon autograft ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation. Design: Systematic review according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Data sources: Embase, MEDLINE Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL and Google scholar from 1 January 1974 to 31 January 2017. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Study designs reporting outcomes in adults after arthroscopic, primary ACLR with hamstring autograft and accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682216/physical-training-interventions-for-children-and-teenagers-affected-by-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-related-treatment-impairments
#2
REVIEW
Carolina Simioni, Giorgio Zauli, Alberto M Martelli, Marco Vitale, Simona Ultimo, Daniela Milani, Luca M Neri
A decreased physical fitness has been reported in patients and survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This is influenced by the negative effects of the disease and by the treatments of childhood cancer. In the past, children were advised to recover in bed, and to take as much relax as possible. Nowadays, it is considered that too much immobility may result in a further decrease of physical fitness and functioning. Exercise training for ALL children has frequently been reported to improve physical fitness and the well-being of the children, since it prevents the negative effects of a sedentary life-style, such as obesity and a poor skeletal health...
March 30, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681197/effect-of-carbohydrate-electrolyte-consumption-on-insulin-cortisol-hormones-and-blood-glucose-after-high-intensity-exercise
#3
Ahmet Mor, Yildirim Kayacan, Gokhan Ipekoglu, Erkal Arslanoglu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effect of CHO-E consumption after high-intensity exercise on insulin, cortisol hormones and blood glucose responses, which is important for performance and recovery in athletes. METHODS: Sixteen volunteers, male athletes, participated into this study. Athletes were divided into two groups as experiment (CHO-E) and placebo (PLA). Blood was taken from the athletes three times as basal, post-exercise (PE) and 2 h after ingestion of supplement (PS)...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679690/reduced-body-weight-or-increased-muscle-quality-which-is-more-important-for-improving-physical-function-following-exercise-and-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-older-women
#4
Chad R Straight, Alison C Berg, Rachelle A Reed, Mary Ann Johnson, Ellen M Evans
The purpose of this study was to examine the relative contributions of changes in muscle quality and body composition to changes in lower-extremity physical function (LEPF) following a 6-month exercise and weight loss intervention in overweight and obese older women. Thirty-eight overweight and obese (BMI = 30.0 ± 4.4 kg/m2 ) older (age = 69.3 ± 4.1 y) women completed 6 months of multicomponent exercise (cardiorespiratory, resistance, balance and flexibility training) and weight loss (hypocaloric diet that reduced energy intake by ~500 kcal/d)...
April 18, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675114/a-comparative-study-of-conventional-physiotherapy-versus-robot-assisted-gait-training-associated-to-physiotherapy-in-individuals-with-ataxia-after-stroke
#5
Marcia Belas Dos Santos, Clarissa Barros de Oliveira, Arly Dos Santos, Cristhiane Garabello Pires, Viviana Dylewski, Ricardo Mario Arida
Objectives: To assess the influence of RAGT on balance, coordination, and functional independence in activities of daily living of chronic stroke survivors with ataxia at least one year of injury. Methods: It was a randomized controlled trial. The patients were allocated to either therapist-assisted gait training (TAGT) or robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT). Both groups received 3 weekly sessions of physiotherapy with an estimated duration of 60 minutes each and prescribed home exercises...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670654/toxicities-associated-with-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-in-long-term-testicular-cancer-survivors
#7
REVIEW
Chunkit Fung, Paul Dinh, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Kerry Schaffer, Sophie D Fossa, Lois B Travis
Testicular cancer has become the paradigm of adult-onset cancer survivorship, due to the young age at diagnosis and 10-year relative survival of 95%. This clinical review presents the current status of various treatment-related complications experienced by long-term testicular cancer survivors (TCS) free of disease for 5 or more years after primary treatment. Cardiovascular disease and second malignant neoplasms represent the most common potentially life-threatening late effects. Other long-term adverse outcomes include neuro- and ototoxicity, pulmonary complications, nephrotoxicity, hypogonadism, infertility, and avascular necrosis...
2018: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670495/impact-of-pilates-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Whitney R D Duff, Justin W Andrushko, Doug W Renshaw, Philip D Chilibeck, Jonathan P Farthing, Jana Danielson, Charity D Evans
Background: Pilates is a series of exercises based on whole-body movement and may improve mobility in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates on walking performance in people with MS. Methods: 30 individuals with MS who were not restricted to a wheelchair or scooter (Patient-Determined Disease Steps scale score <7) were randomized to receive Pilates (twice weekly) and massage therapy (once weekly) or once-weekly massage therapy only (control group)...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670481/exercise-associated-muscle-cramp-doubts-about-the-cause
#9
Dzenan Jahic, Edin Begic
Introduction: Exercise-associated muscle cramp (EAMC) is one of the most common conditions that occur during or immediately after the exercise, with questionable etiology. Aim: Aim of article was to present doubts about the cause of EAMC, whether it is primarily a neurological condition or it is water and salt imbalance. Results: Strongest evidence supports the neuromuscular aetiology with the focus on the muscle fatigue. Muscle overload and fatigue affects the balance between the excitatory drive from muscle spindles and the inhibitory drive from the Golgi tendon organs (GTO)...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670476/the-effect-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-the-risk-and-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Hamed Mortazavi, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr, Ali Golestani, Mohammad Reza Armat, Mohammad Reza Yousefi
Background: Falling and fear of falling are among the most common problems of the elderly, which can cause illness, isolation, dependency and reduced quality of life in elderly. Exercise is recommended to prevent falling injuries in the elderly. Aim: This study aimed to examine the effect of Tai Chi exercise on the risk and fear of falling in older adults. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a total of 60 male and female elderly were randomly divided into two groups: Tai Chi exercise and control (daily activities) groups...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670343/effect-of-6-month-community-based-exercise-interventions-on-gait-and-functional-fitness-of-an-older-population-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Fátima Ramalho, Rita Santos-Rocha, Marco Branco, Vera Moniz-Pereira, Helô-Isa André, António P Veloso, Filomena Carnide
Background: Gait ability in older adults has been associated with independent living, increased survival rates, fall prevention, and quality of life. There are inconsistent findings regarding the effects of exercise interventions in the maintenance of gait parameters. Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of a community-based periodized exercise intervention on the improvement of gait parameters and functional fitness in an older adult group compared with a non-periodized program...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665297/esmolol-acutely-alters-oxygen-supply-demand-balance-in-exercising-muscles-of-healthy-humans
#12
David N Proctor, J Carter Luck, Stephan R Maman, Urs A Leuenberger, Matthew D Muller
Beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists (β blockers) reduce systemic O2 delivery and blood pressure (BP) during exercise, but the subsequent effects on O2 extraction within the active limb muscles are unknown. In this study, we examined the effects of the fast-acting, β1 selective blocker esmolol on systemic hemodynamics and leg muscle O2 saturation (near infrared spectroscopy, NIRS) during submaximal leg ergometry. Our main hypothesis was that esmolol would augment exercise-induced reductions in leg muscle O2 saturation...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664816/evaluating-the-accuracy-and-quality-of-the-information-in-kyphosis-videos-shared-on-youtube
#13
Mehmet Nuri Erdem, Sinan Karaca
STUDY DESIGN: A quality-control YouTube-based study using the recognized quality scoring systems. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our aim was to confirm the accuracy and quality of the information in kyphosis videos shared on YouTube. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Internet is a widely and increasingly used source for obtaining medical information both by patients and clinicians. YouTube, in particular, manifests itself as a leading source with its ease of access to information and visual advantage for Internet users...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661156/synergic-trial-synchronizing-exercises-remedies-in-gait-and-cognition-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-to-improve-gait-and-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J Almeida, Amer M Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev, G Y Zou, Nicolas Berryman, Maxime Lussier, Leanne Vanderhaeghe, Louis Bherer
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Aerobic and progressive resistance exercises have benefits to cognitive performance, though evidence is somewhat inconsistent. We postulate that combined aerobic exercise (AE) and progressive resistance training (RT) (combined exercise) will have a better effect on cognition than a balance and toning control (BAT) intervention in older adults with MCI...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661032/results-from-a-pilot-study-of-handheld-vibration-exercise-intervention-reduces-upper-limb-dysfunction-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-vibbra-study
#15
Sarah Kneis, Anja Wehrle, Anne Ilaender, Natalja Volegova-Neher, Albert Gollhofer, Hartmut Bertz
PURPOSE: Although there is evidence that breast cancer patients benefit from exercising during treatment, exercising during radiotherapy and especially the effects on upper-limb dysfunctions have been infrequently assessed. Therefore, we primarily aimed to confirm our interventions' feasibility and secondarily aimed to affect upper-limb dysfunctions and fatigue. METHODS: Twenty-two breast cancer patients scheduled for radiotherapy were allocated to an intervention (IG) or a passive control group (CG) as they preferred...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657436/upper-extremity-weightlifting-injuries-diagnosis-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Kayvon Golshani, Mark E Cinque, Peter O'Halloran, Kenneth Softness, Laura Keeling, J Ryan Macdonell
Common upper extremity injuries in resistance training athletes include muscle strains, ligament sprains, pectoralis major tendon ruptures, distal biceps tendon ruptures, and chronic shoulder pain and capsulolabral injuries. While each injury is unique in its specific anatomic location and mechanism, each is preventable with proper exercise technique, safety and maintenance of muscle balance. Conservative treatment is the therapeutic modality of choice and these injuries generally resolve with workout modification, appropriate recovery, anti-inflammatory medication, and physical therapy...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655928/effects-of-3-months-sitting-callisthenic-balance-and-resistance-exercise-on-aerobic-capacity-aortic-stiffness-and-body-composition-in-healthy-older-participants-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sławomir Kujawski, Agnieszka Kujawska, Małgorzata Gajos, Jacek J Klawe, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Katarzyna Mądra-Gackowska, Błażej Stankiewicz, Julia L Newton, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Paweł Zalewski
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) is a reduction in the ability of large arteries to readily accommodate the increase in blood ejected from the heart during systole related with aging. Physical exercise is associated with AS reduction. However, it remains controversial as to which modality and intensity (resistance vs aerobic, high vs low) would be the most effective. The aim of these studies is to examine the effects of 3-months sitting callisthenic balance (SCB) and resistance exercise (RET) on aerobic capacity, aortic stiffness and body composition in older participants...
April 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650058/roles-of-instrumented-farm-scale-trials-in-trade-off-assessments-of-pasture-based-ruminant-production-systems
#18
T Takahashi, P Harris, M S A Blackwell, L M Cardenas, A L Collins, J A J Dungait, J M B Hawkins, T H Misselbrook, G A McAuliffe, J N McFadzean, P J Murray, R J Orr, M J Rivero, L Wu, M R F Lee
For livestock production systems to play a positive role in global food security, the balance between their benefits and disbenefits to society must be appropriately managed. Based on the evidence provided by field-scale randomised controlled trials around the world, this debate has traditionally centred on the concept of economic-environmental trade-offs, of which existence is theoretically assured when resource allocation is perfect on the farm. Recent research conducted on commercial farms indicates, however, that the economic-environmental nexus is not nearly as straightforward in the real world, with environmental performances of enterprises often positively correlated with their economic profitability...
April 13, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650057/blood-money-harvey-s-de-motu-cordis-1628-as-an-exercise-in-accounting
#19
Michael J Neuss
William Harvey's famous quantitative argument from De motu cordis (1628) about the circulation of blood explained how a small amount of blood could recirculate and nourish the entire body, upending the Galenic conception of the blood's motion. This paper argues that the quantitative argument drew on the calculative and rhetorical skills of merchants, including Harvey's own brothers. Modern translations of De motu cordis obscure the language of accountancy that Harvey himself used. Like a merchant accounting for credits and debits, intake and output, goods and moneys, Harvey treated venous and arterial blood as essentially commensurate, quantifiable and fungible...
April 13, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#20
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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