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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184015/dual-pi3k-mtor-inhibition-in-colorectal-cancers-with-apc-and-pik3ca-mutations
#1
Tyler M Foley, Susan N Payne, Cheri A Pasch, Alex E Yueh, Dana R Van De Hey, Demetra P Korkos, Linda Clipson, Molly E Maher, Kristina A Matkowskyj, Michael A Newton, Dustin A Deming
Therapeutic targeting of the PI3K pathway is an active area of research in multiple cancer types, including breast and endometrial cancers. This pathway is commonly altered in cancer and plays an integral role in numerous vital cellular functions. Mutations in the PIK3CA gene, resulting in a constitutively active form of PI3K, often occur in colorectal cancer, though the population of patients who would benefit from targeting this pathway has yet to be identified. In human colorectal cancers, PIK3CA mutations most commonly occur concomitantly with loss of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)...
9, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178988/nested-houses-domestication-dynamics-of-human-wasp-relations-in-contemporary-rural-japan
#2
Charlotte L R Payne, Joshua D Evans
BACKGROUND: Domestication is an important and contested concept. Insects are used as food worldwide, and while some have been described as domesticated and even 'semi-domesticated', the assumptions and implications of this designation are not clear. The purpose of this paper is to explore these aspects of insect domestication, and broader debates in domestication studies, through the case of edible wasps in central rural Japan. METHODS: Both authors conducted ethnographic fieldwork with communities in central rural Japan...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169294/factors-predictive-of-survival-and-estimated-years-of-life-lost-in-the-decade-following-nontraumatic-and-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#3
B B Hatch, C M Wood-Wentz, T M Therneau, M G Walker, J M Payne, R K Reeves
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors predictive of survival after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Tertiary care institution. METHODS: Multiple-variable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis for 759 patients with SCI (535 nontraumatic and 221 traumatic) included age, sex, completeness of injury, level of injury, functional independence measure (FIM) scores, rehabilitation length of stay and SCI cause...
February 7, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157371/search-for-b-%C3%A2-k-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-at-the-babar-experiment
#4
J P Lees, V Poireau, V Tisserand, E Grauges, A Palano, G Eigen, D N Brown, Yu G Kolomensky, H Koch, T Schroeder, C Hearty, T S Mattison, J A McKenna, R Y So, V E Blinov, A R Buzykaev, V P Druzhinin, V B Golubev, E A Kravchenko, A P Onuchin, S I Serednyakov, Yu I Skovpen, E P Solodov, K Yu Todyshev, A J Lankford, J W Gary, O Long, A M Eisner, W S Lockman, W Panduro Vazquez, D S Chao, C H Cheng, B Echenard, K T Flood, D G Hitlin, J Kim, T S Miyashita, P Ongmongkolkul, F C Porter, M Röhrken, Z Huard, B T Meadows, B G Pushpawela, M D Sokoloff, L Sun, J G Smith, S R Wagner, D Bernard, M Verderi, D Bettoni, C Bozzi, R Calabrese, G Cibinetto, E Fioravanti, I Garzia, E Luppi, V Santoro, A Calcaterra, R de Sangro, G Finocchiaro, S Martellotti, P Patteri, I M Peruzzi, M Piccolo, A Zallo, S Passaggio, C Patrignani, B Bhuyan, U Mallik, C Chen, J Cochran, S Prell, H Ahmed, A V Gritsan, N Arnaud, M Davier, F Le Diberder, A M Lutz, G Wormser, D J Lange, D M Wright, J P Coleman, E Gabathuler, D E Hutchcroft, D J Payne, C Touramanis, A J Bevan, F Di Lodovico, R Sacco, G Cowan, Sw Banerjee, D N Brown, C L Davis, A G Denig, M Fritsch, W Gradl, K Griessinger, A Hafner, K R Schubert, R J Barlow, G D Lafferty, R Cenci, A Jawahery, D A Roberts, R Cowan, R Cheaib, S H Robertson, B Dey, N Neri, F Palombo, L Cremaldi, R Godang, D J Summers, P Taras, G De Nardo, C Sciacca, G Raven, C P Jessop, J M LoSecco, K Honscheid, R Kass, A Gaz, M Margoni, M Posocco, M Rotondo, G Simi, F Simonetto, R Stroili, S Akar, E Ben-Haim, M Bomben, G R Bonneaud, G Calderini, J Chauveau, G Marchiori, J Ocariz, M Biasini, E Manoni, A Rossi, G Batignani, S Bettarini, M Carpinelli, G Casarosa, M Chrzaszcz, F Forti, M A Giorgi, A Lusiani, B Oberhof, E Paoloni, M Rama, G Rizzo, J J Walsh, A J S Smith, F Anulli, R Faccini, F Ferrarotto, F Ferroni, A Pilloni, G Piredda, C Bünger, S Dittrich, O Grünberg, M Heß, T Leddig, C Voß, R Waldi, T Adye, F F Wilson, S Emery, G Vasseur, D Aston, C Cartaro, M R Convery, J Dorfan, W Dunwoodie, M Ebert, R C Field, B G Fulsom, M T Graham, C Hast, W R Innes, P Kim, D W G S Leith, S Luitz, V Luth, D B MacFarlane, D R Muller, H Neal, B N Ratcliff, A Roodman, M K Sullivan, J Va'vra, W J Wisniewski, M V Purohit, J R Wilson, A Randle-Conde, S J Sekula, M Bellis, P R Burchat, E M T Puccio, M S Alam, J A Ernst, R Gorodeisky, N Guttman, D R Peimer, A Soffer, S M Spanier, J L Ritchie, R F Schwitters, J M Izen, X C Lou, F Bianchi, F De Mori, A Filippi, D Gamba, L Lanceri, L Vitale, F Martinez-Vidal, A Oyanguren, J Albert, A Beaulieu, F U Bernlochner, G J King, R Kowalewski, T Lueck, I M Nugent, J M Roney, N Tasneem, T J Gershon, P F Harrison, T E Latham, R Prepost, S L Wu
We search for the rare flavor-changing neutral current process B^{+}→K^{+}τ^{+}τ^{-} using data from the BABAR experiment. The data sample, collected at the center-of-mass energy of the ϒ(4S) resonance, corresponds to a total integrated luminosity of 424  fb^{-1} and to 471×10^{6}  BB[over ¯] pairs. We reconstruct one B meson, produced in the ϒ(4S)→B^{+}B^{-} decay, in one of many hadronic decay modes and search for activity compatible with a B^{+}→K^{+}τ^{+}τ^{-} decay in the rest of the event...
January 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146008/effect-of-surface-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-labial-and-lingual-muscles-in-healthy-volunteers
#5
Mohammed F Safi, Wilhelmina Wright-Harp, Jay R Lucker, Joan C Payne
: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may have potential as a treatment for muscle weakness as it may improve strength when applied to the orofacial muscles. However, before incorporating this procedure into clinical practice, research is needed to investigate its effects on lingual and facial muscles of speech and mastication. The aim of this study was to determine what effect(s) submental and labial NMES would have on lingual and labial muscle strength in healthy participants...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138526/a-conducting-polymer-with-enhanced-electronic-stability-applied-in-cardiac-models
#6
Damia Mawad, Catherine Mansfield, Antonio Lauto, Filippo Perbellini, Geoffrey W Nelson, Joanne Tonkin, Sean O Bello, Damon J Carrad, Adam P Micolich, Mohd M Mahat, Jennifer Furman, David Payne, Alexander R Lyon, J Justin Gooding, Sian E Harding, Cesare M Terracciano, Molly M Stevens
Electrically active constructs can have a beneficial effect on electroresponsive tissues, such as the brain, heart, and nervous system. Conducting polymers (CPs) are being considered as components of these constructs because of their intrinsic electroactive and flexible nature. However, their clinical application has been largely hampered by their short operational time due to a decrease in their electronic properties. We show that, by immobilizing the dopant in the conductive scaffold, we can prevent its electric deterioration...
November 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138151/corrigendum-integrative-genomic-analysis-implicates-limited-peripheral-adipose-storage-capacity-in-the-pathogenesis-of-human-insulin-resistance
#7
Luca A Lotta, Pawan Gulati, Felix R Day, Felicity Payne, Halit Ongen, Martijn van de Bunt, Kyle J Gaulton, John D Eicher, Stephen J Sharp, Jian'an Luan, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Isobel D Stewart, Eleanor Wheeler, Sara M Willems, Claire Adams, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Nita G Forouhi, Kay-Tee Khaw, Andrew D Johnson, Robert K Semple, Timothy Frayling, John R B Perry, Emmanouil Dermitzakis, Mark I McCarthy, Inês Barroso, Nicholas J Wareham, David B Savage, Claudia Langenberg, Stephen O'Rahilly, Robert A Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129064/pace-yourself-intraindividual-variability-in-context-use-revealed-by-self-paced-event-related-brain-potentials
#8
Brennan R Payne, Kara D Federmeier
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have revealed multiple mechanisms by which contextual constraints impact language processing. At the same time, little work has examined the trial-to-trial dynamics of context use in the brain. In the current study, we probed intraindividual variability in behavioral and neural indices of context processing during reading. In a concurrent self-paced reading and ERP paradigm, participants read sentences that were either strongly or weakly constraining completed with an expected or unexpected target word...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110514/the-relationship-of-sport-participation-to-provision-of-sports-facilities-and-socioeconomic-status-a-geographical-analysis
#9
Rochelle M Eime, Jack Harvey, Melanie J Charity, Meghan Casey, Hans Westerbeek, Warren R Payne
OBJECTIVE: Ecological models have been applied to investigate multiple domains influencing physical activity behaviour, including individual, social, organisational, community, environmental and policy factors. With regard to the built environment, research to date has been limited to small geographical areas and/or small samples of participants. This study examined the geographical association between provision of sport facilities and participation in sport across an entire Australian state, using objective total enumerations of both, for a group of sports, with adjustment for the effect of socioeconomic status (SES)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108278/comparison-of-the-redox-chemistry-of-sulfur-and-selenium-containing-analogs-of-uracil
#10
N Connor Payne, Andrew Geissler, Aileen Button, Alexandru R Sasuclark, Alayne L Schroll, Erik L Ruggles, Vadim N Gladyshev, Robert J Hondal
Selenium is present in proteins in the form of selenocysteine, where this amino acid serves catalytic oxidoreductase functions. The use of selenocysteine in nature is strongly associated with redox catalysis. However, selenium is also found in a 2-selenouridine moiety at the wobble position of tRNA(Glu), tRNA(Gln) and tRNA(Lys). It is thought that the modifications of the wobble position of the tRNA improves the selectivity of the codon-anticodon pair as a result of the physico-chemical changes that result from substitution of sulfur and selenium for oxygen...
January 17, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#11
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101830/getting-ahead-of-yourself-parafoveal-word-expectancy-modulates-the-n400-during-sentence-reading
#12
Mallory C Stites, Brennan R Payne, Kara D Federmeier
An important question in the reading literature regards the nature of the semantic information readers can extract from the parafovea (i.e., the next word in a sentence). Recent eye-tracking findings have found a semantic parafoveal preview benefit under many circumstances, and findings from event-related brain potentials (ERPs) also suggest that readers can at least detect semantic anomalies parafoveally (Barber, Van der Meij, & Kutas, Psychophysiology, 50(1), 48-59, 2013). We use ERPs to ask whether fine-grained aspects of semantic expectancy can affect the N400 elicited by a word appearing in the parafovea...
January 18, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099864/satb1-expression-governs-epigenetic-repression-of-pd-1-in-tumor-reactive-t-cells
#13
Tom L Stephen, Kyle K Payne, Ricardo A Chaurio, Michael J Allegrezza, Hengrui Zhu, Jairo Perez-Sanz, Alfredo Perales-Puchalt, Jenny M Nguyen, Ana E Vara-Ailor, Evgeniy B Eruslanov, Mark E Borowsky, Rugang Zhang, Terri M Laufer, Jose R Conejo-Garcia
Despite the importance of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) in inhibiting T cell effector activity, the mechanisms regulating its expression remain poorly defined. We found that the chromatin organizer special AT-rich sequence-binding protein-1 (Satb1) restrains PD-1 expression induced upon T cell activation by recruiting a nucleosome remodeling deacetylase (NuRD) complex to Pdcd1 regulatory regions. Satb1 deficienct T cells exhibited a 40-fold increase in PD-1 expression. Tumor-derived transforming growth factor β (Tgf-β) decreased Satb1 expression through binding of Smad proteins to the Satb1 promoter...
January 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052253/proteomic-analysis-of-pemphigus-autoantibodies-indicates-a-larger-more-diverse-and-more-dynamic-repertoire-than-determined-by-b-cell-genetics
#14
Jing Chen, Qi Zheng, Christoph M Hammers, Christoph T Ellebrecht, Eric M Mukherjee, Hsin-Yao Tang, Chenyan Lin, Huijie Yuan, Meng Pan, Jana Langenhan, Lars Komorowski, Don L Siegel, Aimee S Payne, John R Stanley
In autoantibody-mediated diseases such as pemphigus, serum antibodies lead to disease. Genetic analysis of B cells has allowed characterization of antibody repertoires in such diseases but would be complemented by proteomic analysis of serum autoantibodies. Here, we show using proteomic analysis that the serum autoantibody repertoire in pemphigus is much more polyclonal than that found by genetic studies of B cells. In addition, many B cells encode pemphigus autoantibodies that are not secreted into the serum...
January 3, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031412/dual-pi3k-mtor-inhibition-in-colorectal-cancers-with-apc-and-pik3ca-mutations
#15
Tyler M Foley, Susan N Payne, Cheri A Pasch, Alex E Yueh, Dana R Van De Hey, Demetra P Korkos, Linda Clipson, Molly E Maher, Kristina A Matkowskyj, Michael A Newton, Dustin A Deming
: Therapeutic targeting of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is an active area of research in multiple cancer types, including breast and endometrial cancers. This pathway is commonly altered in cancer and plays an integral role in numerous vital cellular functions. Mutations in the PIK3CA gene, resulting in a constitutively active form of PI3K, often occur in colorectal cancer (CRC), though the population of patients who would benefit from targeting this pathway has yet to be identified...
December 28, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029184/effects-of-stressful-life-events-on-cerebral-white-matter-hyperintensity-progression
#16
Anne D Johnson, Douglas R McQuoid, David C Steffens, Martha E Payne, John L Beyer, Warren D Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to stressful events is associated with both occurrence of depression and also vascular disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether higher levels of stress exposure was related to measures of pathological brain aging, specifically white matter hyperintensity volumes, in older adults with and without depression. METHODS: The sample included 130 depressed and 110 never-depressed older adults aged 60 years or older enrolled in a longitudinal study at an academic medical center...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024676/ageing-and-healthy-sexuality-among-women-living-with-hiv
#17
Manjulaa Narasimhan, Caitlin Payne, Stephanie Caldas, John R Beard, Caitlin E Kennedy
Populations around the world are rapidly ageing and effective treatment for HIV means women living with HIV (WLHIV) can live longer, healthier lives. HIV testing and screening programmes and safer sex initiatives often exclude older sexually active WLHIV. Systematically reviewing the literature to inform World Health Organization guidelines on the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of WLHIV, identified four studies examining healthy sexuality among older WLHIV. In Uganda, WLHIV reported lower rates of sexual activity and rated sex as less important than men...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004387/the-reliability-of-the-cutaneous-dermatomyositis-disease-area-and-severity-index-cdasi-among-dermatologists-rheumatologists-and-neurologists
#18
J Tiao, R Feng, S Bird, J K Choi, J Dunham, M George, T C Gonzalez-Rivera, J L Kaufman, N Khan, J J Luo, R Micheletti, A S Payne, R Price, C Quinn, A I Rubin, A G Sreih, P Thomas, J Okawa, V P Werth
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that skin disease in dermatomyositis (DM) is best assessed using the Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Disease Area and Severity Index (CDASI). Although the CDASI has been validated for use by dermatologists, it has not been validated for use by other physicians such as rheumatologists and neurologists, who also manage patients with DM and assess skin activity in clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the CDASI among dermatologists, rheumatologists and neurologists...
October 19, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919910/ph-like-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-high-risk-subtype-in-adults
#19
Nitin Jain, Kathryn G Roberts, Elias Jabbour, Keyur Patel, Agda Karina Eterovic, Ken Chen, Patrick Zweidler-McKay, Xinyan Lu, Gloria Fawcett, Sa A Wang, Sergej Konoplev, Richard C Harvey, I-Ming Chen, Debbie Payne-Turner, Marcus Valentine, Deborah Thomas, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Farhad Ravandi, Jorge Cortes, Steven Kornblau, Susan O'Brien, Sherry Pierce, Jeffrey Jorgensen, Kenna R Mills Shaw, Cheryl L Willman, Charles G Mullighan, Hagop Kantarjian, Marina Konopleva
Ph-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a high-risk subtype of ALL in children. There are limited and conflicted data on the incidence and prognosis of Ph-like ALL in adults. Patients with newly-diagnosed B-ALL who received frontline chemotherapy at MD Anderson Cancer Center underwent gene expression profiling of leukemic cells to identify Ph-like ALL. Patients received hyper-CVAD (80%) or augmented-BFM (20%) regimen. Of 148 patients, 33.1% had Ph-like, 31.1% had Ph+, and 35.8% had other B-ALL subtypes (B-other)...
December 5, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914724/medical-students-understanding-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-irish-perspective
#20
P G C Kielty, B R O'Connor, C J Cotter, A M C Goodson, K F B Payne, A Tahim
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) remains an enigmatic specialty in Irish medicine and many students are unaware of its scope and the unique career pathway involved. We performed a multicentre cross-sectional study to identify their ability to identify the requirements for entry to specialty training year 3 (ST3) in OMFS, to assess their awareness of OMFS surgeons, and their general awareness of, and exposure to, the specialty. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire. Participants were asked to select the most suitable surgical specialty to treat a number of common conditions in the head and neck, and to choose the requirements they deemed essential for specialist training...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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