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Mical Paul, George L Daikos, Emanuele Durante-Mangoni, Dafna Yahav, Yehuda Carmeli, Yael Dishon Benattar, Anna Skiada, Roberto Andini, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Amir Nutman, Oren Zusman, Anastasia Antoniadou, Pia Clara Pafundi, Amos Adler, Yaakov Dickstein, Ioannis Pavleas, Rosa Zampino, Vered Daitch, Roni Bitterman, Hiba Zayyad, Fidi Koppel, Inbar Levi, Tanya Babich, Lena E Friberg, Johan W Mouton, Ursula Theuretzbacher, Leonard Leibovici
BACKGROUND: Colistin-carbapenem combinations are synergistic in vitro against carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. We aimed to test whether combination therapy improves clinical outcomes for adults with infections caused by carbapenem-resistant or carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria. METHODS: A randomised controlled superiority trial was done in six hospitals in Israel, Greece, and Italy. We included adults with bacteraemia, ventilator-associated pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia, or urosepsis caused by carbapenem-non-susceptible Gram-negative bacteria...
February 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Alexander C Day, Phillip R Smith, Hongying Lilian Tang, Francesco Aiello, Badrul Hussain, Vincenzo Maurino, John Marshall, George M Saleh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in surgical time, the distance the surgical instrument travelled and number of movements required to complete manual phacoemulsification cataract surgery versus femtosecond laser cataract surgery. DESIGN: Non-randomised comparative case series. SETTING: Single surgery site, Moorfields Eye Hospital, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 40 cataract surgeries of 40 patients. INTERVENTIONS: Laser-assisted and manual phacoemulsification cataract surgery...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Hongliang Zhang, Jia Xing, Sri H Kota, Lei Huang, Amos P K Tai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Environmental Research
Yabin Wen, Mohammad Talebi, Ruth I J Amos, Roman Szucs, John W Dolan, Christopher A Pohl, Paul R Haddad
Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationships (QSRR) methodology combined with the Hydrophobic Subtraction Model (HSM) have been utilized to accurately predict retention times for a selection of analytes on several different reversed phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) columns. This approach is designed to facilitate early prediction of co-elution of analytes, for example in pharmaceutical drug discovery applications where it is advantageous to predict whether impurities might be co-eluted with the active drug component...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Kaitlin Elyse McNally, Fabrizio Menardo, Linda Lüthi, Coraline Rosalie Praz, Marion Claudia Müller, Lukas Kunz, Roi Ben-David, Kottakota Chandrasekhar, Amos Dinoor, Christina Cowger, Emily Meyers, Mingfeng Xue, Fangsong Zeng, Shuangjun Gong, Dazhao Yu, Salim Bourras, Beat Keller
Recognition of the AVRPM3 A2/F2 avirulence protein from powdery mildew by the wheat PM3A/F immune receptor induces a hypersensitive response after co-expression in Nicotiana benthamiana. The molecular determinants of this interaction and how they shape natural AvrPm3 a2/f2 allelic diversity are unknown. We sequenced the AvrPm3 a2/f2 gene in a worldwide collection of 272 mildew isolates. Using the natural polymorphisms of AvrPm3 a2/f2 as well as sequence information from related gene family members, we tested 85 single-residue-altered AVRPM3 A2/F2 variants with PM3A, PM3F and PM3F L 456P/Y458H (modified for improved signaling) in Nicotiana benthamiana for effects on recognition...
February 17, 2018: New Phytologist
Ali Akbar Sabziparvar, Fatemeh Khoshhal Jahromi
The daily minimum air temperature data from 18 stations located in the northwest of Iran during the period 1986-2015 was used to analyse the inter-annual variations and trends of thermal growing season indices (tGSI) and their relations with different atmospheric teleconnection patterns (ATPs). To analyze the changes in tGSI, tGSS (thermal growing season start), tGSE (thermal growing season end), and tGSL, the time period between tGSS and tGSE were considered. Using non-parametric Mann-Kendall and Spearman tests, the existence of a significant trend for time series of the tGSI and the correlation between ATPs and tGSI was evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Amos Baruch, Sofia Mosesova, John D Davis, Nageshwar Budha, Alexandr Vilimovskij, Robert Kahn, Kun Peng, Kyra J Cowan, Laura Pascasio Harris, Thomas Gelzleichter, Josh Lehrer, John C Davis, Whittemore G Tingley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Avishag Laish-Farkash, Sharon Bruoha, Vladimir Khalameizer, Chaim Yosefy, Yoav Michowitz, Mahmoud Suleiman, Amos Katz
PURPOSE: Multisite cardiac resynchronization therapy (MSCRT) with dual-vein left ventricular (LV) pacing has theoretical advantages over conventional CRT in faster and more physiological LV activation. We aimed to define indications, feasibility, safety, acute, and long-term results of MSCRT. METHODS: All patients implanted with MSCRT during 2008-2014 in a single center were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients (90% CRT-defibrillators, 64 ± 9 years, 85% male, 74% ischemic etiology) were included...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Alberto Amo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Science
Amos Pines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Fabiana M Kreines, Alex Farr, Frank A Chervenak, Amos Grünebaum
OBJECTIVE: The number of patients who seek health information on the internet is increasing. Rates are particularly high among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, due to health care barriers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and inclusivity of web-based information pertaining to LGBTQ family building. METHODS: The first 100 US-based websites pertaining to LGBTQ family building were identified through a terminology-based internet search...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Olayinka O Ogunleye, Olufemi O Desalu, Alessandra Ferrario, Okezie O Enwere, Adekunle Adeoti, Taofiki A Sunmonu, Amos Massele, Amanj Baker, Brian Godman
OBJECTIVE: Pharmaceutical companies spend significant amount of resources on promotion influencing the prescribing behavior of physicians. Drug promotion can negatively impact on rational prescribing, which may adversely affect the quality of patient care. However, little is known about these activities in Nigeria as the most populous country in Africa. We therefore aimed to explore the nature of encounters between Nigerian physicians and pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs), and how these encounters influence prescribing habits...
February 9, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Ihuoma N Anyanwu, Moses N Alo, Amos M Onyekwere, John D Crosse, Okoro Nworie, Emmanuel B Chamba
Biochar amendment to soil is predicted globally as a means to enhance soil health. Alongside the beneficial result on soil nutrient availability and retention, biochar is presumed to increase soil macro / microbiota composition and improve plant growth. However, evidence for such an effect remains elusive in many tropical agricultural soils. The influence of biochar aged in soil was assessed on soil microbiota, macrobiota (Eudrilus eugeniae), seedling emergence and early plant growth of Oryza sativa and Solanum lycopersicum in tropical agricultural soil, over a 90 d biochar-soil contact time...
February 6, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xuelin Wang, Feng Cheng, Dekai Rohlsen, Changwei Bi, Chunyan Wang, Yiqing Xu, Suyun Wei, Qiaolin Ye, Tongming Yin, Ning Ye
Although organellar genomes (including chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes) are smaller than nuclear genomes in size and gene number, organellar genomes are very important for the investigation of plant evolution and molecular ecology mechanisms. Few studies have focused on the organellar genomes of horticultural plants. Approximately 1193 chloroplast genomes and 199 mitochondrial genomes of land plants are available in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), of which only 39 are from horticultural plants...
2018: Horticulture Research
Rhayun Song, Hyunkyoung Oh, Sukhee Ahn, Sue Moorhead
AIM: The purpose of this study was to validate the Cardiac Health Behavior Scale for Korean adults (CHB-K) to determine its validity and reliability. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the most important chronic diseases due to their high prevalence and mortality rates. Patients with cardiovascular risks or diseases need to perform appropriate cardiac health behaviors that help to prevent the progression of the disease and improve their health status...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Eva M Del Amo, Arto Urtti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Ping Wang, Zhengnan Lu, Jihong Sun
Background: New energy has become a key trend for global energy industry development. Talent plays a very critical role in the enhancement of new energy enterprise competitiveness. As a key component of talent, managers have been attracting more and more attention. The increase in job performance relies on, to a certain extent, incentive mechanism. Based on the Two-factor Theory, differences in influences and effects of different incentives on management performance have been checked in this paper from an empirical perspective...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Irene Saavedra, Luisa Amo
Chemical cues play a fundamental role in mate attraction and mate choice. Lepidopteran females, such as the winter moth (Operophtera brumata), emit pheromones to attract males in the reproductive period. However, these chemical cues could also be eavesdropped by predators. To our knowledge, no studies have examined whether birds can detect pheromones of their prey. O. brumata adults are part of the winter diet of some insectivorous tit species, such as the great tit (Parus major) and blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus)...
2018: PloS One
Daniel R S Middleton, Liacine Bouaoun, Rachel Hanisch, Freddie Bray, Charles Dzamalala, Steady Chasimpha, Diana Menya, Charles Gombé Mbalawa, Guy N'Da, Mathewos A Woldegeorgis, Ramou Njie, Moussa Koulibaly, Nathan Buziba, Josefo Ferro, Hassan Nouhou, Femi Ogunbiyi, Henry R Wabinga, Eric Chokunonga, Margaret Z Borok, Anne R Korir, Amos O Mwasamwaja, Blandina T Mmbaga, Joachim Schüz, Valerie A McCormack
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains the predominant histological subtype of esophageal cancer (EC) in many transitioning countries, with an enigmatic and geographically distinct etiology, and consistently elevated incidence rates in many Eastern and Southern African countries. To gain epidemiological insights into ESCC patterns across the continent, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of male-to-female (M:F) sex ratios of EC age-standardised (world) incidence rates in Africa according to geography, time and age at diagnosis...
February 5, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Gonzalez Torres Maria Jose, Henniger Jürgen
In order to expand the Monte Carlo transport program AMOS to particle therapy applications, the ion module is being developed in the radiation physics group (ASP) at the TU Dresden. This module simulates the three main interactions of ions in matter for the therapy energy range: elastic scattering, inelastic collisions and nuclear reactions. The simulation of the elastic scattering is based on the Binary Collision Approximation and the inelastic collisions on the Bethe-Bloch theory. The nuclear reactions, which are the focus of the module, are implemented according to a probabilistic-based model developed in the group...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
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