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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944974/granulomatous-enteritis-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-associated-with-soya-bean-meal-regardless-of-water-dissolved-oxygen-level
#1
P Mosberian-Tanha, T Landsverk, C M Press, L T Mydland, J W Schrama, M Øverland
This study investigated morphological changes associated with soya bean meal-induced enteritis (SBMIE) in distal intestine (DI) of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed a soya bean meal (SBM)-based diet and exposed to normoxia or hypoxia created by optimal and low water flow rates, respectively. A 28-day adaption period was followed by a 42-day challenge period where 600 fish were subjected to dietary challenge and/or hypoxia. Twelve tanks each containing 50 juvenile trout were assigned randomly in triplicate to each treatment...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944780/demographic-history-selection-and-functional-diversity-of-the-canine-genome
#2
REVIEW
Elaine A Ostrander, Robert K Wayne, Adam H Freedman, Brian W Davis
The domestic dog represents one of the most dramatic long-term evolutionary experiments undertaken by humans. From a large wolf-like progenitor, unparalleled diversity in phenotype and behaviour has developed in dogs, providing a model for understanding the developmental and genomic mechanisms of diversification. We discuss pattern and process in domestication, beginning with general findings about early domestication and problems in documenting selection at the genomic level. Furthermore, we summarize genotype-phenotype studies based first on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping and then with whole-genome data and show how an understanding of evolution informs topics as different as human history, adaptive and deleterious variation, morphological development, ageing, cancer and behaviour...
September 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944751/fitness-costs-of-plasmids-a-limit-to-plasmid-transmission
#3
Alvaro San Millan, R Craig MacLean
Plasmids mediate the horizontal transmission of genetic information between bacteria, facilitating their adaptation to multiple environmental conditions. An especially important example of the ability of plasmids to catalyze bacterial adaptation and evolution is their instrumental role in the global spread of antibiotic resistance, which constitutes a major threat to public health. Plasmids provide bacteria with new adaptive tools, but they also entail a metabolic burden that, in the absence of selection for plasmid-encoded traits, reduces the competitiveness of the plasmid-carrying clone...
September 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944749/keeping-communications-flowing-during-large-scale-disasters-leveraging-amateur-radio-innovations-for-disaster-medicine
#4
Victor H Cid, Andrew R Mitz, Stacey J Arnesen
Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time. A prototype communications system created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) provides basic communication services that ensure essential connectivity in the face of widespread infrastructure loss...
September 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944729/using-performance-based-risk-sharing-arrangements-to-address-uncertainty-in-indication-based-pricing
#5
Kai Yeung, Meng Li, Josh J Carlson
BACKGROUND: The rise in pharmaceutical expenditures in recent years has increased health care payer interest in ensuring good value for the money. Indication-based pricing (IBP) sets separate, indication-specific prices paid to the manufacturer according to the expected efficacy of a drug in each of its indications. IBP allows payers to consistently pay for value across indications. While promising, a limitation of IBP as originally conceived is that efficacy estimates are typically based on clinical trial data, which may differ from real-world effectiveness...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944722/is-strength-training-frequency-a-key-factor-to-develop-performance-adaptations-in-young-elite-soccer-players
#6
Carlos Otero-Esquina, Moisés de Hoyo Lora, Óliver Gonzalo-Skok, Sergio Domínguez-Cobo, Hugo Sánchez
The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of a combined strength-training programme (full-back squat, YoYo(TM) leg curl, plyometrics and sled towing exercises) on performance in elite young soccer players and to examine the effects when this training programme was performed one or two days per week. Thirty-six male soccer players (U-17 to U-19) were recruited and assigned to experimental groups (EXP1: 1 s w(-1); EXP2: 2 s w(-1)) or a control group (CON). Performance was assessed through a countermovement jump (CMJ) test (relative peak power [CMJPP] and CMJ height [CMJH]), a 20-m linear sprint test with split-times at 10-m, and a change of direction test (V-cut test) 1 week before starting the training programme and also 1 week after performing such training programme...
September 24, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944671/prioritizing-popular-proteins-in-liver-cancer-remodelling-one-carbon-metabolism
#7
María Isabel Mora, Manuela Molina, Leticia Odriozola, Felix Elortza, Jose M Mato, Barbara Sitek, Pumin Zhang, Fuchu He, Maria Uxue Latasa, Matías Avila, Fernando Corrales
Primary liver cancer (HCC) is recognized as the fifth most common neoplasm and the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Most risk factors are known and the molecular pathogenesis has been widely studied in the last decade; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be unveiled, as they will facilitate definition of novel biomarkers and clinical targets for more effective patient management. In this study, we utilize the B/D-HPP popular protein strategy. We report a list of popular proteins that have been highly co-cited with the expression "liver cancer"...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944641/-unknown-title
#8
(no author information available yet)
Background : the establishment of a colostomy is a difficult time for the patient since it undergoes physical, psychological and social changes resulting in the modification of the body self-image. Purpose and Framework : this study aims to identify adaptation strategies for colostomates who have a disturbance of self-image after a month of surgery depending on the Roy Adaptation Model. Methods : a descriptive quantitative study was realized with a sample of 70 patients with colostomy in the department of surgery Farhat Hached and Sahloul Hospital in Sousse...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944634/-unknown-title
#9
(no author information available yet)
Self-esteem is an inner attitude at the base of the construction of personality and psychic balance in addition to be responsible of adaptive processes over the course of life. The concept of self-esteem is commonly used in several disciplines however, it seems that the consensus on its conceptualization and its operationalization is not yet reached. In this context, the concept analysis allows to address a phenomenon and to understand its use and its evolution from a unique disciplinary perspective. The aim of this article is therefore to analyze the concept of self esteem from a nursing perspective to identify : definitions of the term and related terms, attributes, model and limit cases proposed here within the community of mental health nurses, antecedents and consequents as well as the empirical references using the Walker and Avant method...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944633/-process-for-implementing-a-pain-assessment-scale-for-patients-with-brain-injuries-160-description-of-a-project-methodology-based-on-the-integrated-model-of-consultation
#10
Veronique de Goumoens, Francois Decaillet, Amelia Didier, Chantal Montreuil, Karin Diserens, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet
Background : in a neurosurgery unit, nurses selected the Critical Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) based on evidence to assess pain in brain-injured patients. However, months after implementation, nursing managers have observed an underutilization.Objectives : support a care team to overcome the pitfalls encountered during the implementation of the CPOT scale for brain-injured patients in neurosurgery unit.Methods : the Lescarbeau, Payette and St-Arnaud's Integrated Model of Consultation was selected. In addition to a scientific literature review, self-administered questionnaire and three interview guides were developed to gather the views of caregivers...
April 19, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944627/-difficulties-related-to-self-care-among-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-160-a-narrative-literature-review-based-on-audulv-asplund-and-norbergh-8217-s-model
#11
Sarah Lafontaine, Edith Ellefsen
Introduction : self-care activities require a lot of adaptation from people living with type 2 diabetes.Context : existing interventions to support self-care are often determined by a conventional vision focused on managing the disease.Objective : this article aims to present the difficulties of people living with type 2 diabetes in relation with the Audulv, Asplund and Norbergh self-care integration model.Method : a narrative review of the literature on self-care in adults with type 2 diabetes was conducted on the CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PASCAL and FRANÇIS databases...
April 19, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944617/genetic-diversity-anti-microbial-resistance-plasmid-profile-and-frequency-of-the-vi-antigen-in-salmonella-dublin-strains-isolated-in-brazil
#12
F P Vilela, M R Frazão, D P Rodrigues, R G Costa, M R T Casas, S A Fernandes, J P Falcão, F Campioni
Salmonella Dublin is strongly adapted to cattle causing enteritis and/or systemic disease with high rates of mortality. However, it can be sporadically isolated from humans, usually causing serious disease, especially in patients with underlying chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to molecularly type S. Dublin strains isolated from humans and animals in Brazil to verify the diversity of these strains as well as to ascertain possible differences between strains isolated from humans and animals. Moreover, the presence of the capsular antigen Vi and the plasmid profile was characterized in addition to the anti-microbial resistance against 15 drugs...
September 24, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944610/last-century-forest-productivity-in-a-managed-dry-edge-scots-pine-population-the-two-sides-of-climate-warming
#13
Laura Marqués, Jaime Madrigal-González, Miguel A Zavala, J Julio Camarero, Florian Hartig
Climate change in the Mediterranean, associated with warmer temperatures and more frequent droughts, is expected to impact forest productivity and the functioning of forests ecosystems as carbon reservoirs in the region. Climate warming can positively affect forest growth by extending the growing season, whereas increasing summer drought generally reduces forest productivity and may cause growth decline, trigger dieback, hamper regeneration and increase mortality. Forest management could potentially counteract such negative effects by reducing stand density and thereby competition for water...
September 25, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944589/evolution-of-gene-expression-after-whole-genome-duplication-new-insights-from-the-spotted-gar-genome
#14
Jeremy Pasquier, Ingo Braasch, Peter Batzel, Cedric Cabau, Jérome Montfort, Thaovi Nguyen, Elodie Jouanno, Camille Berthelot, Christophe Klopp, Laurent Journot, John H Postlethwait, Yann Guiguen, Julien Bobe
Whole-genome duplications (WGDs) are important evolutionary events. Our understanding of underlying mechanisms, including the evolution of duplicated genes after WGD, however, remains incomplete. Teleost fish experienced a common WGD (teleost-specific genome duplication, or TGD) followed by a dramatic adaptive radiation leading to more than half of all vertebrate species. The analysis of gene expression patterns following TGD at the genome level has been limited by the lack of suitable genomic resources. The recent concomitant release of the genome sequence of spotted gar (a representative of holosteans, the closest-related lineage of teleosts that lacks the TGD) and the tissue-specific gene expression repertoires of over 20 holostean and teleostean fish species, including spotted gar, zebrafish, and medaka (the PhyloFish project), offers a unique opportunity to study the evolution of gene expression following TGD in teleosts...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944563/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-levodopa-in-patients-with-angelman-syndrome
#15
Wen-Hann Tan, Lynne M Bird, Anjali Sadhwani, Rene L Barbieri-Welge, Steven A Skinner, Lucia T Horowitz, Carlos A Bacino, Lisa M Noll, Cary Fu, Rachel J Hundley, Logan K Wink, Craig A Erickson, Gregory N Barnes, Anne Slavotinek, Rita Jeremy, Alexander Rotenberg, Sanjeev V Kothare, Heather E Olson, Annapurna Poduri, Mark P Nespeca, Hillary C Chu, Jennifer M Willen, Kevin F Haas, Edwin J Weeber, Paul A Rufo
Treatment for Angelman syndrome (AS) is currently limited to symptomatic interventions. A mouse model of AS has reduced calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II activity due to excessive phosphorylation of specific threonine residues, leading to diminished long-term potentiation. In a rat model of Parkinson disease, levodopa reduced phosphorylation of various proteins, including calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II. Further studies demonstrated that AS mice treated with levodopa performed better on rotarod testing than untreated AS mice...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944530/effect-of-changing-forage-on-the-dynamic-variation-in-rumen-fermentation-in-sheep
#16
Xiao Xie, Jia-Kun Wang, Leluo Guan, Jian-Xin Liu
To better understand rumen adaptation during dietary transitions between high- and low-quality forages, 10 rumen-cannulated Hu sheep were randomly allocated to two dietary treatments (five sheep each) with the same concentrate-to-forage ratio and concentration mixture, but different forage sequences: (i) alfalfa hay (AH) to corn stover (CS) and back to AH; and (ii) CS to AH and back to CS. A significant decrease in the rumen microbial protein concentration was observed on day 6 after dietary transition whether the transition was from AH to CS or from CS to AH, and this was accompanied by an increase in the ammonia nitrogen concentration as well as a decrease in the total volatile fatty acids concentration and pH...
September 25, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944489/using-systematic-review-in-occupational-safety-and-health
#17
John Howard, John Piacentino, Kathleen MacMahon, Paul Schulte
Evaluation of scientific evidence is critical in developing recommendations to reduce risk. Healthcare was the first scientific field to employ a systematic review approach for synthesizing research findings to support evidence-based decision-making and it is still the largest producer and consumer of systematic reviews. Systematic reviews in the field of occupational safety and health are being conducted, but more widespread use and adoption would strengthen assessments. In 2016, NIOSH asked RAND to develop a framework for applying the traditional systematic review elements to the field of occupational safety and health...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944449/cannabis-use-among-patients-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center-in-a-state-with-legalized-medicinal-and-recreational-use
#18
Steven A Pergam, Maresa C Woodfield, Christine M Lee, Guang-Shing Cheng, Kelsey K Baker, Sara R Marquis, Jesse R Fann
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is purported to alleviate symptoms related to cancer treatment, although the patterns of use among cancer patients are not well known. This study was designed to determine the prevalence and methods of use among cancer patients, the perceived benefits, and the sources of information in a state with legalized cannabis. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey of adult cancer patients was performed at a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center in Washington State...
September 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944442/protein-folding-and-trna-biology
#19
REVIEW
Mónica Marín, Tamara Fernández-Calero, Ricardo Ehrlich
Polypeptides can fold into tertiary structures while they are synthesized by the ribosome. In addition to the amino acid sequence, protein folding is determined by several factors within the cell. Among others, the folding pathway of a nascent polypeptide can be affected by transient interactions with other proteins, ligands, or the ribosome, as well as by the translocation through membrane pores. Particularly, the translation machinery and the population of tRNA under different physiological or adaptive responses can dramatically affect protein folding...
September 24, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944441/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-with-preliminary-validation-of-gcos-24-for-use-in-spain
#20
Patricia Muñoz-Cabello, Sixto García-Miñaúr, Manuel Eliecer Espinel-Vallejo, Lorenzo Fernández-Franco, Alexandra Stephens, Fernando Santos-Simarro, Pablo Lapunzina-Badía, Marion McAllister
The aim in this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Genetic Counseling Outcome Scale (GCOS-24) for use in Spain and to carry out a preliminary psychometric validation in a sample of Spanish patients. With oversight by an expert panel, forward and backward translations were conducted to create the draft Spanish GCOS-24. Fourteen patients were recruited from a clinical genetics service in Madrid, Spain, to participate in cognitive interviews designed to explore readability and interpretability of the draft...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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