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"Training recovery"

Peter Düking, Franz Konstantin Fuss, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
Although it is becoming increasingly popular to monitor parameters related to training, recovery, and health with wearable sensor technology (wearables), scientific evaluation of the reliability, sensitivity, and validity of such data is limited and, where available, has involved a wide variety of approaches. To improve the trustworthiness of data collected by wearables and facilitate comparisons, we have outlined recommendations for standardized evaluation. We discuss the wearable devices themselves, as well as experimental and statistical considerations...
April 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Eric S Rawson, Mary P Miles, D Enette Larson-Meyer
Some dietary supplements are recommended to athletes based on data that supports improved exercise performance. Other dietary supplements are not ergogenic per se, but may improve health, adaptation to exercise, or recovery from injury, and so could help athletes to train and/or compete more effectively. In this review, we describe several dietary supplements that may improve health, exercise adaptation, or recovery. Creatine monohydrate may improve recovery from and adaptation to intense training, recovery from periods of injury with extreme inactivity, cognitive processing, and reduce severity of or enhance recovery from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Justin Roberts, Anastasia Zinchenko, Craig Suckling, Lee Smith, James Johnstone, Menno Henselmans
Background: Dietary protein intakes up to 2.9 .d-1 and protein consumption before and after resistance training may enhance recovery, resulting in hypertrophy and strength gains. However, it remains unclear whether protein quantity or nutrient timing is central to positive adaptations. This study investigated the effect of total dietary protein content, whilst controlling for protein timing, on recovery in resistance trainees. Methods: Fourteen resistance-trained individuals underwent two 10-day isocaloric dietary regimes with a protein content of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Gianfranco Zuaboni, Sabine Hahn, Peter Wolfensberger, Thomas Schwarze, Dirk Richter
In mental health nursing, recovery-orientation is regarded as a best practice approach for patient care. To assess the effect of an intervention utilising a recovery-oriented approach in acute practice, a controlled pilot trial was conducted. On intervention wards, mental health nurses received special training. Recovery Self-Assessment Scale was used to assess the effects of the training. No statistically significant effects were found, between the experimental conditions. Reasons for this result may be methodological, practical or due an intervention that was not powerful enough...
November 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Thomas M Doering, David G Jenkins, Peter R Reaburn, Nattai R Borges, Erik Hohmann, Stuart M Phillips
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to compare the integrated muscle protein synthesis (MPS) rates of masters and younger triathletes over three consecutive days of intense endurance training. Recovery of cycling performance, after muscle-damaging running, was also compared between groups. METHODS: Five masters (age, 53 ± 2 yr; V˙O2max, 55.7 ± 6.9 mL·kg·min) and six younger (age, 27 ± 2 yr; V˙O2max, 62.3 ± 1.5 mL·kg·min) trained triathletes volunteered for the study...
August 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco, David Hideyoshi Fukuda, Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Jonatas Ferreira da Silva Santos, João Victor Del Conti Esteves, Emerson Franchini
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of using hyperbaric oxygen therapy during post-training recovery in jiu-jitsu athletes. METHODS: Eleven experienced Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes were investigated during and following two training sessions of 1h30min. Using a cross-over design, the athletes were randomly assigned to passive recovery for 2 hours or to hyperbaric oxygen therapy (OHB) for the same duration. After a 7-day period, the interventions were reversed...
2016: PloS One
Rodrigo L Aquino, Luiz G Gonçalves, Luiz H Vieira, Lucas P Oliveira, Guilherme F Alves, Paulo R Santiago, Enrico F Puggina
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to describe and compare the displacement patterns and the tactical performance of the players in the first to the second game time and verify possible associations between indirect markers of muscle damage with displacement patterns in a simulated game played by young soccer players. METHODS: Eighteen young soccer players were submitted to a simulated game and two blood collections, one before and another 30 minutes post-game to analyze the behavior of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase enzymes...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Alexandre Dellal, David Casamichana, Julen Castellano, Monoem Haddad, Wassim Moalla, Karim Chamari
BACKGROUND: The cardiac parasympathetic reactivation is currently used in soccer with a daily or weekly monitoring. However, previous studies have not investigated how this cardiac parasympathetic reactivation is in elite soccer players along different types of traditional high-intensity training exercise and specific tests. In this context, the present study aim to analyse it and to determine the interests and limits of this type of physiological information. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to examine how different traditional training exercise modes affect the cardiac parasympathetic reactivation function in elite soccer players...
December 2015: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Laurent Schmitt, Jacques Regnard, Grégoire P Millet
Among the tools proposed to assess the athlete's "fatigue," the analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) provides an indirect evaluation of the settings of autonomic control of heart activity. HRV analysis is performed through assessment of time-domain indices, the square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent normal R-R intervals (RMSSD) measured during short (5 min) recordings in supine position upon awakening in the morning and particularly the logarithm of RMSSD (LnRMSSD) has been proposed as the most useful resting HRV indicator...
2015: Frontiers in Physiology
JohnEric W Smith, Megan E Holmes, Matthew J McAllister
Nutrition is an integral component to any athletes training and performance program. In adults the balance between energy intake and energy demands is crucial in training, recovery, and performance. In young athletes the demands for training and performance remain but should be a secondary focus behind the demands associated with maintaining the proper growth and maturation. Research interventions imposing significant physiological loads and diet manipulation are limited in youth due to the ethical considerations related to potential negative impacts on the growth and maturation processes associated with younger individuals...
2015: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
Thomas M Doering, Peter R Reaburn, Stuart M Phillips, David G Jenkins
Participation rates of masters athletes in endurance events such as long-distance triathlon and running continue to increase. Given the physical and metabolic demands of endurance training, recovery practices influence the quality of successive training sessions and, consequently, adaptations to training. Research has suggested that, after muscle-damaging endurance exercise, masters athletes experience slower recovery rates in comparison with younger, similarly trained athletes. Given that these discrepancies in recovery rates are not observed after non-muscle-damaging exercise, it is suggested that masters athletes have impairments of the protein remodeling mechanisms within skeletal muscle...
April 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Wei-Hsiang Chang, Ying-Lan Tsai, Chih-Yang Huang, City C Hsieh, Rungchai Chaunchaiyakul, Yu Fang, Shin-Da Lee, Chia-Hua Kuo
BACKGROUND: Ginsenoside Rb1, a principle active ingredients of Panax ginseng, has been shown to lower blood glucose in animals and increase insulin secretion in cultured insulinoma cells. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of daily ginsenoside Rb1 supplementation on circulating glucose and insulin levels in men during a 5-day recovery period after an acute bout of resistance exercise. METHODS: Twelve gymnasts (20.5 ± 0.3 years of age) participated in this double blind placebo-controlled crossover trial...
2015: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Evette J Ludman, Gregory E Simon, Louis C Grothaus, Julie Elissa Richards, Ursula Whiteside, Christine Stewart
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether a self-management support service was more effective than treatment as usual in reducing depressive symptoms and major depressive episodes and increasing personal recovery among individuals with chronic or recurrent depressive symptoms. METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial of a self-management support service consisting of depression self-management training, recovery coaching, and care coordination...
January 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Kevin Enright, James Morton, John Iga, Barry Drust
PURPOSE: This study compared the adaptive responses to two concurrent training programmes frequently used in professional soccer. METHODS: Fifteen youth soccer players (17.3 ± 1.6 years, 1.82 ± 0.06 m, 77.0 ± 7.3 kg; VO2 peak, 62.0 ± 4.7 ml(-1) kg(-1) min(-1)) who compete in the English Premier League volunteered for this study. In addition to completing their habitual training practices, the participants were asked to alter the organisation concurrent training by performing strength (S) training either prior to (S + E, n = 8) or after (E + S, n = 7) soccer-specific endurance training (E) 2d wk(-1) for 5 wk(-1)...
November 2015: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Daniela Eklund, Moritz Schumann, William J Kraemer, Mikel Izquierdo, Ritva S Taipale, Keijo Häkkinen
This study examined acute hormone and force responses and strength and endurance performance and muscle hypertrophy before and after 24 weeks of same-session combined strength and endurance training in previously untrained women. Subjects were assigned 1 of 2 training orders: endurance preceding strength (E + S, n = 15) or vice versa (S + E, n = 14). Acute force and hormone responses to a combined loading (continuous cycling and a leg press protocol in the assigned order) were measured. Additionally, leg press 1 repetition maximum (1RM), maximal workload during cycling (Wmax), and muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) were assessed...
January 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Filippo Tocco, Irene Sanna, Gabriele Mulliri, Sara Magnani, Francesco Todde, Roberto Mura, Giovanna Ghiani, Alberto Concu, Franco Melis, Antonio Crisafulli
Heart rate (HR) was tested as a reliable index for recovery management during interval training (IT), considering its relationship with the several factors involved in respiratory, metabolic and cardiovascular homeostasis. Thirteen runners underwent two different IT sessions: at 80% and 120% of the second ventilatory threshold (VT2). Throughout both sessions HR, oxygen uptake (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2) and pulmonary ventilation (VE), were measured by means of a portable gas analyzer. Carbon dioxide production excess (CO2excess), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), oxygen pulse (OP) and oxygen debt (O2debt) were also estimated...
June 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Ana Sousa, Ferran A Rodríguez, Leandro Machado, J Paulo Vilas-Boas, Ricardo J Fernandes
What is the central question of this study? Do the mechanical differences between swimming, rowing, running and cycling have a potential effect on the oxygen uptake (V̇O2) off-kinetics after an exercise sustained until exhaustion at 100% of maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) intensity? What is the main finding and its importance? The mechanical differences between exercise modes had a potential effect and contributed to distinct amplitude of the fast component (higher in running compared with cycling) and time constant (higher in swimming compared with rowing and cycling) in the V̇O2 off-kinetic patterns at 100% of V̇O2max intensity...
June 2015: Experimental Physiology
Reza Maram, Luis Romero Cortés, José Azaña
Temporal self-imaging effects (TSIs) are observed when a periodic pulse train propagates through a first-order dispersive medium. Under specific dispersion conditions, either an exact, rate multiplied or rate divided image of the input signal is reproduced at the output. TSI possesses an interesting self-restoration capability even when acting over an aperiodic train of pulses. In this work, we investigate and demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, the capability of TSI to produce periodic sub-harmonic (rate-divided) pulse trains from aperiodic sequences...
February 9, 2015: Optics Express
Laurie-Anne Marquet, Christophe Hausswirth, Arnaud Hays, Fabrice Vettoretti, Jeanick Brisswalter
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of between-training-sessions recovery strategies (passive [PAS], active [ACT], cold-water immersion [CWI], and ingestion of a recovery drink [NUTR]) on maximal cycling performance, perceptions of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and fatigue in world-class BMX riders. METHODS: Eleven elite BMX athletes, members of the French national team (top country in the 2011 international ranking, 4 medals at the 2012 World Championships, top European country), participated in the study, which involved standardized training periods...
March 2015: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Daniel R Moore, Donny M Camera, Jose L Areta, John A Hawley
Recovery from the demands of daily training is an essential element of a scientifically based periodized program whose twin goals are to maximize training adaptation and enhance performance. Prolonged endurance training sessions induce substantial metabolic perturbations in skeletal muscle, including the depletion of endogenous fuels and damage/disruption to muscle and body proteins. Therefore, increasing nutrient availability (i.e., carbohydrate and protein) in the post-training recovery period is important to replenish substrate stores and facilitate repair and remodelling of skeletal muscle...
September 2014: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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