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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238946/papp-a2-a-new-key-regulator-of-growth
#1
Magdalena Banaszak-Ziemska, Marek Niedziela
Short stature is the main problem that paediatric endocrinologists have to grapple with. Endocrine disorders account for only 5% of patients with short stature, but this is still one of the most common causes of reports to the endocrine clinic and hospitalisation in the endocrine department. A properly functioning growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor (GH/IGF) axis is one of the most important factors in proper growth. A lot of genetic defects in this axis lead to syndromes marked by impaired growth, like Laron syndrome, muta-tions in the STAT5B, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) and mutations in the acid labile subunit (ALS)...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217479/distinct-lipidomic-profiles-in-models-of-physiological-and-pathological-cardiac-remodeling-and-potential-therapeutic-strategies
#2
Yow Keat Tham, Kevin Huynh, Natalie A Mellett, Darren C Henstridge, Helen Kiriazis, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Aya Matsumoto, Natalie L Patterson, Junichi Sadoshima, Peter J Meikle, Julie R McMullen
Cardiac myocyte membranes contain lipids which remodel dramatically in response to heart growth and remodeling. Lipid species have both structural and functional roles. Physiological and pathological cardiac remodeling have very distinct phenotypes, and the identification of molecular differences represent avenues for therapeutic interventions. Whether the abundance of specific lipid classes is different in physiological and pathological models was largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether distinct lipids are regulated in settings of physiological and pathological remodeling, and if so, whether modulation of differentially-regulated lipids could modulate heart size and function...
December 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212519/gper-mediates-the-angiocrine-actions-induced-by-igf1-through-the-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-pathway-in-the-breast-tumor-microenvironment
#3
Ernestina M De Francesco, Andrew H Sims, Marcello Maggiolini, Federica Sotgia, Michael P Lisanti, Robert B Clarke
BACKGROUND: The G protein estrogen receptor GPER/GPR30 mediates estrogen action in breast cancer cells as well as in breast cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), which are key components of microenvironment driving tumor progression. GPER is a transcriptional target of hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) and activates VEGF expression and angiogenesis in hypoxic breast tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, IGF1/IGF1R signaling, which has angiogenic effects, has been shown to activate GPER in breast cancer cells...
December 6, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204986/polymorphisms-of-the-igf1-gene-and-their-association-with-growth-traits-serum-concentration-and-expression-rate-of-igf1-and-igf1r-in-buffalo
#4
Mohammed A El-Magd, Ayman A Saleh, Abeer A Nafeaa, Shymaa M El-Komy, Mohamed A Afifi
The insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) gene is a member of the group of somatotropin axis genes that play a significant role in cell proliferation and growth of muscles. Here, we searched for polymorphisms in buffalo IGF1 and found two novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), G64A and G280A, in the noncoding sequences of exon 1 and exon 4, respectively. Statistical analysis of different genotypes showed that the individuals with GG genotypes had significantly (P<0.05) higher body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) than those with other genotypes at ages of 3-6 months in G64A SNP and 6-9 months in G280A SNP...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195026/effects-of-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-system-on-testicular-differentiation-and-function-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
R Cannarella, R A Condorelli, S La Vignera, A E Calogero
We recently described the occurrence of cryptorchidism, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, and genital abnormalities in patients with distal 15q chromosome structural abnormalities. This observation brought us to hypothesize that insulin-like growth factor (IGF) receptor (IGF1R), mapping on the 15q 26.3 chromosomal band, may be involved in testicular function. To further evaluate this topic, we reviewed in vitro and in vivo studies exploring the role of the IGF system [IGF1, IGF2, IGF1R, insulin receptor substrates (IRS)] at the testicular level both in animals and in humans...
December 1, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190911/acquisition-of-egfr-tki-resistance-and-emt-phenotype-is-linked-with-activation-of-igf1r-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-egfr-mutant-nsclc
#6
Ling Li, Xiajing Gu, Jinnan Yue, Qingnan Zhao, Dacheng Lv, Hongzhuan Chen, Lu Xu
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is clinically associated with acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). However, the mechanisms promoting EMT in EGFR TKI-resistant NSCLC have not been fully elucidated. Previous studies have suggested that IGF1R signaling is involved in both acquired EGFR TKI resistance in NSCLC and induction of EMT in some types of tumor. In this study, we further explored the role of the IGF1R signaling in the acquisition of EMT phenotype associated with EGFR TKI resistance in mutant-EGFR NSCLC...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181280/associations-of-igf2-and-drd2-polymorphisms-with-laying-traits-in-muscovy-duck
#7
Qiao Ye, Jiguo Xu, Xinfeng Gao, Hongjia Ouyang, Wei Luo, Qinghua Nie
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2) play important roles in ovarian follicular development. In this study, we analyzed tissue-specific expression of the Muscovy duck IGF2 and DRD2 genes and cloned those genes transcripts. Polymorphisms in these genes were tightly linked with egg production traits and both genes were highly expressed in the ovary. Moreover, we identified five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for IGF1 and 28 for DRD2. Mutations A-1864G and C-1704G of IGF2 were positively correlated with increased egg laying at 59 weeks (E59W) (P < 0...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179454/plasma-microrna-alterations-between-egfr-activating-mutational-nsclc-patients-with-and-without-primary-resistance-to-tki
#8
Yihan Ma, Xiaoyan Pan, Peiqi Xu, Yanjun Mi, Wenyi Wang, Xiaoting Wu, Qi He, Xinli Liu, Weiwei Tang, Han-Xiang An
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have obtained excellent therapeutic effects against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring activating EGFR mutations. However, some patients have exhibited primary resistance which becomes a major obstacle in effective treatment of NSCLC. The mechanisms of EGFR-TKIs resistance involved are still poorly understood. Many studies suggest that miRNAs play an important role in regulating drug sensitivity of EGFR-TKIs. The aim of the present study was to examine differentially expressed miRNAs in plasma between EGFR-TKIs sensitive and EGFR-TKIs primary resistance patients...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174801/dual-targeting-c-met-and-vegfr2-in-osteoblasts-suppresses-growth-and-osteolysis-of-prostate-cancer-bone-metastasis
#9
Changki Lee, Young Mi Whang, Preston Campbell, Patrick L Mulcrone, Florent Elefteriou, Sun Wook Cho, Serk In Park
Prostate cancer characteristically induces osteoblastic bone metastasis, for which no therapies are available. A dual kinase inhibitor of c-Met and VEGFR-2 (cabozantinib) was shown to reduce prostate cancer growth in bone, with evidence for suppressing osteoblastic activity. However, c-Met and VEGFR2 signaling in osteoblasts in the context of bone metastasis remain unclear. Here we show using cultured osteoblasts that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and VEGF-A increased receptor activator of NFκB ligand (RANKL) and M-CSF, two essential factors for osteoclastogenesis...
November 21, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172484/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-analogs-clicked-in-the-c-domain-chemical-synthesis-and-biological-activities
#10
Katerina Machackova, Michaela Collinsová, Martina Chrudinová, Irena Selicharová, Jan Picha, Miloš Buděšínský, Vaclav Vanek, Lenka Zakova, Andrzej Marek Brzozowski, Jiri Jiracek
Human insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a 70-amino acid protein hormone, with key impact on growth, development and lifespan. The physiological and clinical importance of IGF-1 prompted challenging chemical and biological trials towards the development of its analogs as molecular tools for the IGF-1 receptor (IGF1-R) studies, and as new therapeutics. Here, we report a new method for the total chemical synthesis of IGF-1 analogs, which entails the solid-phase synthesis of two IGF-1 precursor chains that is followed by the CuI-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition ligation, and by biomimetic formation of a native pattern of disulfides...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162437/mouse-model-of-alagille-syndrome-and-mechanisms-of-jagged1-missense-mutations
#11
Emma R Andersson, Indira V Chivukula, Simona Hankeova, Marika Sjöqvist, Yat Long Tsoi, Daniel Ramsköld, Jan Masek, Aiman Elmansuri, Anita Hoogendoorn, Elenae Vazquez, Helena Storvall, Julie Netušilová, Meritxell Huch, Björn Fischler, Ewa Ellis, Adriana Contreras, Antal Nemeth, Kenneth C Chien, Hans Clevers, Rickard Sandberg, Vitezslav Bryja, Urban Lendahl
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alagille syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by cholestasis, ocular abnormalities, characteristic facial features, heart defects, and vertebral malformations. Most cases are associated with mutations in JAGGED1 (JAG1), which encodes a Notch ligand, although it is not clear how these contribute to disease development. We aimed to develop a mouse model of Alagille syndrome to elucidate these mechanisms. METHODS: Mice with a missense mutation (H268Q) in Jag1 (Jag1(+)/(Ndr) mice) were outbred to a C3H/C57bl6 background to generate a mouse model for Alagille syndrome (Jag1(Ndr/Ndr) mice)...
November 18, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141508/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-may-stall-ovarian-cortex-function-through-modulation-of-hormone-receptors-other-than-the-amh-receptor
#12
Laura Detti, Nicole M Fletcher, Ghassan M Saed, Irene Peregrin-Alvarez, Rebecca A Uhlmann
OBJECTIVE: To test whether recombinant anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) can inhibit ovarian cortex function by modulating the expression of other hormone receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pilot experimental study with ovarian cortex obtained from 5 patients. Immediately after explant, the ovarian cortex specimens were divided into 5 equal fragments. One fragment was flash-frozen (uncultured) and 4 were incubated for 48 hours at 37°C in a pH-adjusted gamete buffer medium with increasing AMH concentrations of 0, 5, 25, and 50 ng/mL...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130665/-effects-and-its-mechanism-of-igf-1r-on-the-synthesis-of-hyaluronic-acid-in-orbital-fibroblasts-of-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#13
Xiao-Ling Chen, Wei-Min He, Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of insulin-like growth factor1 (IGF1) receptor (IGF1R) on the synthesis of hyaluronic acid (HA) in orbital fibroblasts of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) and its signal pathway. METHODS: Orbital fibroblasts were harvested from TAO ( n=19) and normal control ( n=5),then were primary cultured and treated with recombinant human IGF1 in different concentrations. Before the treatment of IGF1,the cells were pretreated respectively with 1H7,LY294002 or AKT inhibitor Ⅳ for 24 h...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108230/apigenin-enhances-skeletal-muscle-hypertrophy-and-myoblast-differentiation-by-regulating-prmt7
#14
Young Jin Jang, Hyo Jeong Son, Yong Min Choi, Jiyun Ahn, Chang Hwa Jung, Tae Youl Ha
Apigenin, a natural flavone abundant in various plant-derived foods including parsley and celery, has been shown to prevent inflammation and inflammatory diseases. However, the effect of apigenin on skeletal muscle hypertrophy and myogenic differentiation has not previously been elucidated. Here, we investigated the effects of apigenin on quadricep muscle weight and running distance using C57BL/6 mice on an accelerating treadmill. Apigenin stimulated mRNA expression of MHC (myosin heavy chain) 1, MHC2A, and MHC2B in the quadricep muscles of these animals...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068127/the-preventive-effects-of-edible-folic-acid-on-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-survival-in-early-onset-triple-transgenic-alzheimer-s-disease-model-mice
#15
Kuan-Ho Lin, Chih-Hao Chiu, Wei-Wen Kuo, Da-Tong Ju, Chia-Yao Shen, Ray-Jade Chen, Chien-Chung Lin, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Jian-Sheng Liu, Rwei-Fen S Huang, Chih-Yang Huang
In recent years, neuropathological and epidemiological studies have indicated an association between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and several cardiovascular risk factors. In this study, the cardio-protective effects of folic acid (FA) in early stage AD was elucidated using a triple-transgenic (3xTg) Alzheimer's mouse model. Eleven-month-old C57BL/6 mice and 3xTg mice were assigned to five groups. During the four-month treatment period, the low-FA treatment group received FA through their diet, and the high-FA treatment groups received 3 mg/dl folate in drinking water and were also gastric-fed 1...
October 25, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065543/the-regulatory-mechanism-of-mlt-mt1-signaling-on-the-growth-of-antler-mesenchymal-cells
#16
Feifei Yang, Changjiu He, Xuyang Sun, Jing Wang, Can Luo, Guoshi Liu, Liguo Yang, Jiajun Xiong, Lijun Huo
Melatonin (MLT) plays an important role in regulating the physiological cycle of seasonal breeding animals. Melatonin receptor I (MT1) is effectively expressed in the cambium layer of deer antler. However, the function and metabolic mechanism of MLT/MT1 signaling in the mesenchymal cells of sika deer remain to be further elucidated. In this work, we detected the effects of MLT/MT1 signaling on mesenchymal cells proliferation and the interaction between MLT/MT1 and IGF1/IGF1-R signaling. The results show that (1) deer antler mesenchymal cells actually express MT1; (2) exogenous melatonin significantly promotes mesenchymal cells proliferation, while MT1 knock-down significantly impairs the positive effects of melatonin; and (3) melatonin significantly enhanced IGF1/IGF1-R signaling, as both the expression of IGF1 and IGF-1R increased, while MT1 knock-down significantly decreased IGF1-R expression and IGF1 synthesis...
October 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029116/upregulation-of-irs1-enhances-igf1-response-in-y537s-and-d538g-esr1-mutant-breast-cancer-cells
#17
Zheqi Li, Kevin M Levine, Amir Bahreini, Peilu Wang, David Chu, Ben Ho Park, Steffi Oesterreich, Adrian V Lee
Increased evidence suggests that somatic mutations in the ligand binding domain of estrogen receptor (ERα/ESR1) are critical mediators of endocrine-resistant breast cancer progression. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) is an essential regulator of breast development and tumorigenesis, and also has a role in endocrine resistance. A recent study showed enhanced crosstalk between IGF1 and ERα in ESR1 mutant cells, but detailed mechanisms are incompletely understood. Using genome-edited MCF-7 and T47D cell lines harboring Y537S and D538G ESR1 mutations, we characterized altered IGF1 signaling...
September 27, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981462/gh-igf-1-signaling-and-current-knowledge-of-epigenetics-a-review-and-considerations-on-possible-therapeutic-options
#18
REVIEW
Francisco Álvarez-Nava, Roberto Lanes
Epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in the regulation of the Growth Hormone- Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis and in processes for controlling long bone growth, and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Improvement of methodologies that allow for the assessment of epigenetic regulation have contributed enormously to the understanding of GH action, but many questions still remain to be clarified. The reversible nature of epigenetic factors and, particularly, their role as mediators between the genome and the environment, make them viable therapeutic target candidates...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967452/current-status-of-the-role-of-endothelins-in-regulating-ovarian-follicular-function-a-review
#19
REVIEW
J M Ervin, L F Schütz, L J Spicer
Endothelins (EDN) are a group of vasoactive 21 amino acid peptides reported to play roles in steroidogenesis, folliculogenesis, and ovulation. EDN1, EDN2 and EDN3 have all been shown to affect granulosa cell (GC) function in a variety of mammalians species. Herewithin, the role of EDN in regulating steroidogenesis and ovarian follicular development is reviewed, focusing on the localization and function of EDN and their receptors in ovarian follicular function emphasizing species differences. For example, in single ovulating species such as humans and cattle, in the presence of trophic hormones such as FSH and IGF1, EDN1 and EDN2 significantly inhibited GC estradiol production in 2 of 4 studies, while no effect was observed for GC progesterone production in 2 of 4 studies...
November 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952285/hepatic-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-is-upregulated-by-activation-of-the-gsk3b-foxo3-pathway-after-partial-hepatectomy
#20
C Y E, Y Cai, B Z Sun, L Y Guan, T Jiang
Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) is a complex and well-elaborated biological process whereby synchronized cell proliferation is induced in response to the loss of liver mass. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) signaling, which plays a crucial role in normal growth and development, is involved in the process of liver regeneration. To assess the changes in the levels of serum IGF1 and hepatic IGF1 receptor (IGF1R), we established a mouse model for PH. This also allowed us to further explore the mechanisms that participate in the regulation of liver regeneration...
July 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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