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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030915/political-transition-and-emergent-forest-conservation-issues-in-myanmar
#1
REVIEW
Graham W Prescott, William J Sutherland, Daniel Aguirre, Matthew Baird, Vicky Bowman, Jake Brunner, Grant M Connette, Martin Cosier, David Dapice, Jose Don T De Alban, Alex Diment, Julia Fogerite, Jefferson Fox, Win Hlaing, Saw Htun, Jack Hurd, Katherine LaJeunesse Connette, Felicia Lasmana, Cheng Ling Lim, Antony Lynam, Aye Chan Maung, Benjamin McCarron, John F McCarthy, William J McShea, Frank Momberg, Myat Su Mon, Than Myint, Robert Oberndorf, Thaung Naing Oo, Jacob Phelps, Madhu Rao, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Hugh Speechly, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Robert Steinmetz, Kirk Talbott, Maung Maung Than, Tint Lwin Thaung, Salai Cung Lian Thawng, Kyaw Min Thein, Shwe Thein, Robert Tizard, Tony Whitten, Guy Williams, Trevor Wilson, Kevin Woods, Alan D Ziegler, Michal Zrust, Edward L Webb
Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war...
October 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027780/postoperative-confusion
#2
Jacob Steinmetz, Lars S Rasmussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027175/multiplexed-chip-seq-using-direct-nucleosome-barcoding-a-tool-for-high-throughput-chromatin-analysis
#3
Christophe D Chabbert, Sophie H Adjalley, Lars M Steinmetz, Vicent Pelechano
Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-Seq) or microarray hybridization (ChIP-on-chip) are standard methods for the study of transcription factor binding sites and histone chemical modifications. However, these approaches only allow profiling of a single factor or protein modification at a time.In this chapter, we present Bar-ChIP, a higher throughput version of ChIP-Seq that relies on the direct ligation of molecular barcodes to chromatin fragments. Bar-ChIP enables the concurrent profiling of multiple DNA-protein interactions and is therefore amenable to experimental scale-up, without the need for any robotic instrumentation...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023707/guidelines-for-the-use-of-flow-cytometry-and-cell-sorting-in-immunological-studies
#4
Andrea Cossarizza, Hyun-Dong Chang, Andreas Radbruch, Immanuel Andrä, Francesco Annunziato, Petra Bacher, Vincenzo Barnaba, Luca Battistini, Wolfgang M Bauer, Sabine Baumgart, Burkhard Becher, Wolfgang Beisker, Claudia Berek, Alfonso Blanco, Giovanna Borsellino, Philip E Boulais, Ryan R Brinkman, Martin Büscher, Dirk H Busch, Timothy P Bushnell, Xuetao Cao, Andrea Cavani, Pratip K Chattopadhyay, Qingyu Cheng, Sue Chow, Mario Clerici, Anne Cooke, Antonio Cosma, Lorenzo Cosmi, Ana Cumano, Van Duc Dang, Derek Davies, Sara De Biasi, Genny Del Zotto, Silvia Della Bella, Paolo Dellabona, Günnur Deniz, Mark Dessing, Andreas Diefenbach, James Di Santo, Francesco Dieli, Andreas Dolf, Vera S Donnenberg, Thomas Dörner, Götz R A Ehrhardt, Elmar Endl, Pablo Engel, Britta Engelhardt, Charlotte Esser, Bart Everts, Christine S Falk, Todd A Fehniger, Andrew Filby, Simon Fillatreau, Marie Follo, Irmgard Förster, John Foster, Gemma A Foulds, Paul S Frenette, David Galbraith, Natalio Garbi, Maria Dolores García-Godoy, Kamran Ghoreschi, Lara Gibellini, Christoph Goettlinger, Carl S Goodyear, Andrea Gori, Jane Grogan, Mor Gross, Andreas Grützkau, Daryl Grummitt, Jonas Hahn, Quirin Hammer, Anja E Hauser, David L Haviland, David Hedley, Guadalupe Herrera, Martin Herrmann, Falk Hiepe, Tristan Holland, Pleun Hombrink, Jessica P Houston, Bimba F Hoyer, Bo Huang, Christopher A Hunter, Anna Iannone, Hans-Martin Jäck, Beatriz Jávega, Stipan Jonjic, Kerstin Juelke, Steffen Jung, Toralf Kaiser, Tomas Kalina, Baerbel Keller, Srijit Khan, Deborah Kienhöfer, Thomas Kroneis, Désirée Kunkel, Christian Kurts, Pia Kvistborg, Joanne Lannigan, Olivier Lantz, Anis Larbi, Salome LeibundGut-Landmann, Michael D Leipold, Megan K Levings, Virginia Litwin, Yanling Liu, Michael Lohoff, Giovanna Lombardi, Lilly Lopez, Amy Lovett-Racke, Erik Lubberts, Burkhard Ludewig, Enrico Lugli, Holden T Maecker, Glòria Martrus, Giuseppe Matarese, Christian Maueröder, Mairi McGrath, Iain McInnes, Henrik E Mei, Fritz Melchers, Susanne Melzer, Dirk Mielenz, Kingston Mills, Jenny Mjösberg, Jonni Moore, Barry Moran, Alessandro Moretta, Lorenzo Moretta, Tim R Mosmann, Susann Müller, Werner Müller, Christian Münz, Gabriele Multhoff, Luis Enrique Munoz, Kenneth M Murphy, Toshinori Nakayama, Milena Nasi, Christine Neudörfl, John Nolan, Sussan Nourshargh, José-Enrique O'Connor, Wenjun Ouyang, Annette Oxenius, Raghav Palankar, Isabel Panse, Pärt Peterson, Christian Peth, Jordi Petriz, Daisy Philips, Winfried Pickl, Silvia Piconese, Marcello Pinti, A Graham Pockley, Malgorzata Justyna Podolska, Carlo Pucillo, Sally A Quataert, Timothy R D J Radstake, Bartek Rajwa, Jonathan A Rebhahn, Diether Recktenwald, Ester B M Remmerswaal, Katy Rezvani, Laura G Rico, J Paul Robinson, Chiara Romagnani, Anna Rubartelli, Jürgen Ruland, Shimon Sakaguchi, Francisco Sala-de-Oyanguren, Yvonne Samstag, Sharon Sanderson, Birgit Sawitzki, Alexander Scheffold, Matthias Schiemann, Frank Schildberg, Esther Schimisky, Stephan A Schmid, Steffen Schmitt, Kilian Schober, Thomas Schüler, Axel Ronald Schulz, Ton Schumacher, Cristiano Scotta, T Vincent Shankey, Anat Shemer, Anna-Katharina Simon, Josef Spidlen, Alan M Stall, Regina Stark, Christina Stehle, Merle Stein, Tobit Steinmetz, Hannes Stockinger, Yousuke Takahama, Attila Tarnok, ZhiGang Tian, Gergely Toldi, Julia Tornack, Elisabetta Traggiai, Joe Trotter, Henning Ulrich, Marlous van der Braber, René A W van Lier, Marcello Veldhoen, Salvador Vento-Asturias, Paulo Vieira, David Voehringer, Hans-Dieter Volk, Konrad von Volkmann, Ari Waisman, Rachael Walker, Michael D Ward, Klaus Warnatz, Sarah Warth, James V Watson, Carsten Watzl, Leonie Wegener, Annika Wiedemann, Jürgen Wienands, Gerald Willimsky, James Wing, Peter Wurst, Liping Yu, Alice Yue, Qianjun Zhang, Yi Zhao, Susanne Ziegler, Jakob Zimmermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991265/a-structural-model-for-microtubule-minus-end-recognition-and-protection-by-camsap-proteins
#5
Joseph Atherton, Kai Jiang, Marcel M Stangier, Yanzhang Luo, Shasha Hua, Klaartje Houben, Jolien J E van Hooff, Agnel-Praveen Joseph, Guido Scarabelli, Barry J Grant, Anthony J Roberts, Maya Topf, Michel O Steinmetz, Marc Baldus, Carolyn A Moores, Anna Akhmanova
CAMSAP and Patronin family members regulate microtubule minus-end stability and localization and thus organize noncentrosomal microtubule networks, which are essential for cell division, polarization and differentiation. Here, we found that the CAMSAP C-terminal CKK domain is widely present among eukaryotes and autonomously recognizes microtubule minus ends. Through a combination of structural approaches, we uncovered how mammalian CKK binds between two tubulin dimers at the interprotofilament interface on the outer microtubule surface...
October 9, 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989681/light-responsive-paper-strips-as-co-releasing-material-with-a-colourimetric-response
#6
Upendar Reddy G, Jingjing Liu, Patrick Hoffmann, Johannes Steinmetzer, Helmar Görls, Stephan Kupfer, Sven H C Askes, Ute Neugebauer, Stefanie Gräfe, Alexander Schiller
Carbon monoxide (CO) is known for its multifaceted role in human physiology, and molecules that release CO in a controlled way have been proposed as therapeutic drugs. In this work, a light-responsive CO-releasing molecule (CORM-Dabsyl) showed a strong colourimetric response upon photochemical CO-release, owing to the tight conjugation of a Mn(i) tricarbonyl centre to a dabsyl chromophoric ligand (L). Whereas the complex was very stable in the dark in nitrogen-purged aqueous media, CO-release was effectively triggered using 405 nm irradiation...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986695/absence-of-dna-double-strand-breaks-in-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-after-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessed-by-%C3%AE-h2ax-flow-cytometry
#7
Martin Fasshauer, Thomas Krüwel, Antonia Zapf, Vera C Stahnke, Margret Rave-Fränk, Wieland Staab, Jan M Sohns, Michael Steinmetz, Christina Unterberg-Buchwald, Andreas Schuster, Christian Ritter, Joachim Lotz
OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is regarded as a non-harming and non-invasive imaging modality with high tissue contrast and almost no side effects. Compared to other cross-sectional imaging modalities, MRI does not use ionising radiation. Recently, however, strong magnetic fields as applied in clinical MRI scanners have been suspected to induce DNA double-strand breaks in human lymphocytes. METHODS: In this study we investigated the impact of 3-T cardiac MRI examinations on the induction of DNA double-strand breaks in peripheral mononuclear cells by γH2AX staining and flow cytometry analysis...
October 6, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985505/combined-crispri-a-based-chemical-genetic-screens-reveal-that-rigosertib-is-a-microtubule-destabilizing-agent
#8
Marco Jost, Yuwen Chen, Luke A Gilbert, Max A Horlbeck, Lenno Krenning, Grégory Menchon, Ankit Rai, Min Y Cho, Jacob J Stern, Andrea E Prota, Martin Kampmann, Anna Akhmanova, Michel O Steinmetz, Marvin E Tanenbaum, Jonathan S Weissman
Chemical libraries paired with phenotypic screens can now readily identify compounds with therapeutic potential. A central limitation to exploiting these compounds, however, has been in identifying their relevant cellular targets. Here, we present a two-tiered CRISPR-mediated chemical-genetic strategy for target identification: combined genome-wide knockdown and overexpression screening as well as focused, comparative chemical-genetic profiling. Application of these strategies to rigosertib, a drug in phase 3 clinical trials for high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome whose molecular target had remained controversial, pointed singularly to microtubules as rigosertib's target...
October 5, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984515/surgical-timing-for-cervical-and-upper-thoracic-injuries-in-patients-with-polytrauma
#9
Daniel Lubelski, Suzanne Tharin, John J Como, Michael P Steinmetz, Heather Vallier, Timothy Moore
OBJECTIVE Few studies have investigated the advantages of early spinal stabilization in the patient with polytrauma in terms of reduction of morbidity and mortality. Previous analyses have shown that early stabilization may reduce ICU stay, with no effect on complication rates. METHODS The authors prospectively observed 340 polytrauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of greater than 16 at a single Level 1 trauma center who were treated in accordance with a protocol termed "early appropriate care," which emphasizes operative treatment of various fractures within 36 hours of injury...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975883/prehospital-interventions-before-and-after-implementation-of-a-physician-staffed-helicopter
#10
Asger Sonne, Sandra Wulffeld, Jacob Steinmetz, Lars S Rasmussen, Rasmus Hesselfeldt
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) in eastern Denmark was associated with increased survival for severely injured patients. This study aimed to assess the potential impact of advanced prehospital interventions by comparing the proportion of patients who received those interventions before and after the HEMS implementation. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of a prospective before-after study. We included trauma patients with Injury Severity Scores above three who had been admitted to seven emergency departments or one level 1 trauma centre in the course of a five-month period before and a 12-month period after the HEMS implementation...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973386/the-utility-of-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-determining-the-flexibility-of-sagittal-imbalance
#11
Akshay Sharma, Sina Pourtaheri, Jason Savage, Iain Kalfas, Thomas E Mroz, Edward C Benzel, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis X-rays are the gold standard for assessing preoperative lumbar lordosis; however, particularly for flexible lumbar deformities, it is difficult to predict from these images the extent of correction required, as standing radiographs cannot predict the thoracolumbar alignment after intraoperative positioning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of preoperative MRI in surgical planning for patients with flexible sagittal imbalance. METHODS: We identified 138 patients with sagittal imbalance...
August 3, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961832/gemcitabine-combined-with-the-monoclonal-antibody-nimotuzumab-is-an-active-first-line-regimen-in-kras-wildtype-patients-with-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-a-multicenter-randomized-phase-iib-study
#12
B Schultheis, D Reuter, M P Ebert, J Siveke, A Kerkhoff, W E Berdel, R Hofheinz, D M Behringer, W E Schmidt, E Goker, S De Dosso, M Kneba, S Yalcin, F Overkamp, F Schlegel, M Dommach, R Rohrberg, T Steinmetz, M Bulitta, D Strumberg
Background: This randomized study was designed to investigate the superiority of gemcitabine (gem) plus nimotuzumab (nimo), an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody, compared with gem plus placebo as first-line therapy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Patients and methods: Patients with previously untreated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer were randomly assigned to receive gem: 1000 mg/m2, 30-min i...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952533/polyhydroxyalkanoate-production-on-waste-water-treatment-plants-process-scheme-operating-conditions-and-potential-analysis-for-german-and-european-municipal-waste-water-treatment-plants
#13
Timo Pittmann, Heidrun Steinmetz
This work describes the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) as a side stream process on a municipal waste water treatment plant (WWTP) and a subsequent analysis of the production potential in Germany and the European Union (EU). Therefore, tests with different types of sludge from a WWTP were investigated regarding their volatile fatty acids (VFA) production-potential. Afterwards, primary sludge was used as substrate to test a series of operating conditions (temperature, pH, retention time (RT) and withdrawal (WD)) in order to find suitable settings for a high and stable VFA production...
June 6, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932809/aberrant-cortical-activity-in-multiple-gcamp6-expressing-transgenic-mouse-lines
#14
Nicholas A Steinmetz, Christina Buetfering, Jerome Lecoq, Christian R Lee, Andrew J Peters, Elina A K Jacobs, Philip Coen, Douglas R Ollerenshaw, Matthew T Valley, Saskia E J de Vries, Marina Garrett, Jun Zhuang, Peter A Groblewski, Sahar Manavi, Jesse Miles, Casey White, Eric Lee, Fiona Griffin, Joshua D Larkin, Kate Roll, Sissy Cross, Thuyanh V Nguyen, Rachael Larsen, Julie Pendergraft, Tanya Daigle, Bosiljka Tasic, Carol L Thompson, Jack Waters, Shawn Olsen, David J Margolis, Hongkui Zeng, Michael Hausser, Matteo Carandini, Kenneth D Harris
Transgenic mouse lines are invaluable tools for neuroscience but, as with any technique, care must be taken to ensure that the tool itself does not unduly affect the system under study. Here we report aberrant electrical activity, similar to interictal spikes, and accompanying fluorescence events in some genotypes of transgenic mice expressing GCaMP6 genetically encoded calcium sensors. These epileptiform events have been observed particularly, but not exclusively, in mice with Emx1-Cre and Ai93 transgenes, of either sex, across multiple laboratories...
September 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926265/tobacco-mosaic-virus-delivered-cisplatin-restores-efficacy-in-platinum-resistant-ovarian-cancer-cells
#15
Christina E Franke, Anna E Czapar, Ravi B Patel, Nicole F Steinmetz
Platinum resistance in ovarian cancer is the major determinant of disease prognosis. Resistance can first appear at the onset of disease or develop in response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Due to poor response to alternate chemotherapies and lack of targeted therapies, there is an urgent clinical need for a new avenue toward treatment of platinum-resistant (PR) ovarian cancer. Nanoscale delivery systems hold potential to overcome resistance mechanisms. In this work, we present tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) as a nanocarrier for cisplatin for treatment of PR ovarian cancer cells...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916648/genome-dynamics-of-hybrid-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-during-vegetative-and-meiotic-divisions
#16
Abhishek Dutta, Gen Lin, Ajith V Pankajam, Parijat Chakraborty, Nahush Bhat, Lars M Steinmetz, Koodali T Nishant
Mutation and recombination are the major sources of genetic diversity in all organisms. In the baker's yeast, all mutation rate estimates are in homozygous background. We determined the extent of genetic change through mutation and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in a heterozygous Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome during successive vegetative and meiotic divisions. We measured genome wide LOH and base mutation rates during vegetative and meiotic divisions in a hybrid (S288c/YJM789) S. cerevisiae strain. The S288c/YJM789 hybrid showed nearly complete reduction in heterozygosity within 31 generations of meioses and improved spore viability...
September 15, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914552/myelodysplastic-syndromes-mds-in-regular-care-in-germany-the-oldest-patients-come-to-the-fore
#17
Hans Tilman Steinmetz, Ulrich Germing, Annette Sauer, Bernd Lathan, Rüdiger Liersch, Hans Tesch, Jörg Heßling, Enno Moorahrend, Jens Uhlig, Marcel Reiser, Roja Wahdat, Norbert Gattermann, Uwe Totzke, Stephan Schmitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912485/serial-millisecond-crystallography-for-routine-room-temperature-structure-determination-at-synchrotrons
#18
Tobias Weinert, Natacha Olieric, Robert Cheng, Steffen Brünle, Daniel James, Dmitry Ozerov, Dardan Gashi, Laura Vera, May Marsh, Kathrin Jaeger, Florian Dworkowski, Ezequiel Panepucci, Shibom Basu, Petr Skopintsev, Andrew S Doré, Tian Geng, Robert M Cooke, Mengning Liang, Andrea E Prota, Valerie Panneels, Przemyslaw Nogly, Ulrich Ermler, Gebhard Schertler, Michael Hennig, Michel O Steinmetz, Meitian Wang, Jörg Standfuss
Historically, room-temperature structure determination was succeeded by cryo-crystallography to mitigate radiation damage. Here, we demonstrate that serial millisecond crystallography at a synchrotron beamline equipped with high-viscosity injector and high frame-rate detector allows typical crystallographic experiments to be performed at room-temperature. Using a crystal scanning approach, we determine the high-resolution structure of the radiation sensitive molybdenum storage protein, demonstrate soaking of the drug colchicine into tubulin and native sulfur phasing of the human G protein-coupled adenosine receptor...
September 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910807/cerebral-infarct-topography-and-early-outcome-after-surgery-for-symptomatic-carotid-stenosis-a-multicentre-study
#19
Caroline Kazandjian, Nicla Settembre, Fabien Lareyre, Benjamin Kretz, Agnès Soudry-Faure, Yannick Béjot, Sergueï Malikov, Reda Hassen-Khodja, Elixene Jean-Baptiste, Eric Steinmetz
INTRODUCTION: Although carotid stenosis can cause both territorial and border-zone (BZ) cerebral infarcts (CI), the influence of CI topography on postoperative complications after surgery remains unclear. We compared early outcomes after endarterectomy on the basis of CI location: territorial (T group) or BZ group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the period between 2009 and 2013, ischaemic stroke patients who had undergone surgery for symptomatic carotid stenosis were identified from prospective databases from 3 French centres...
September 15, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902491/biodegradable-viral-nanoparticle-polymer-implants-prepared-via-melt-processing
#20
Parker W Lee, Sourabh Shukla, Jaqueline D Wallat, Chaitanya Danda, Nicole F Steinmetz, Joao Maia, Jonathan K Pokorski
Viral nanoparticles have been utilized as a platform for vaccine development and are a versatile system for the display of antigenic epitopes for a variety of disease states. However, the induction of a clinically relevant immune response often requires multiple injections over an extended period of time, limiting patient compliance. Polymeric systems to deliver proteinaceous materials have been extensively researched to provide sustained release, which would limit administration to a single dose. Melt-processing is an emerging manufacturing method that has been utilized to create polymeric materials laden with proteins as an alternative to typical solvent-based production methods...
September 26, 2017: ACS Nano
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