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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438015/genome-characteristics-of-lactobacillus-fermentum-strain-jdfm216-for-application-as-probiotic-bacteria
#1
Sung Yong Jang, Jaeyoung Heo, Mi Ri Park, Min-Ho Song, Jong Nam Kim, Sung Ho Jo, Do-Youn Jeong, Hak Kyo Lee, Younghoon Kim, Sangnam Oh
Lactobacillus fermentum strain JDFM216, isolated from a Korean infant feces, possesses an enhancement of longevity and immune response on Caenorhabditis elegans host. To explore the molecular characteristics of strain JDFM216, we performed a whole-genome sequencing using PacBio system. The single circular DNA chromosome of 2,076,427 bp was completely assembled and 2,623 encoding sequences were predicted. Phylogenetically featured five genes possibly related to longevity and immune response of host were identified in L...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437837/family-planning-counseling-for-women-with-rheumatic-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Mehret Birru Talabi, Megan E B Clowse, Eleanor B Schwarz, Lisa S Callegari, Larry Moreland, Sonya Borrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437818/-towards-a-rehabilitation-and-participation-oriented-psychotherapy
#3
Beate Muschalla, Jürgen Bengel, Matthias Morfeld, Ulrike Worringen
Mental disorders (such as recurrent mood disorders, personality disorders, or psychotic disorders) come along with enduring impairment in daily life activities. Therefore psychotherapeutic actions in inpatient or outpatient settings require a life-span and participation-oriented treatment perspective. Participation-oriented treatment aims at social and vocational integration in general life despite enduringly recurring or resting symptoms. According to the model of health problems offered by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, ICF (WHO, 2001), disability can be defined as context-dependent activity impairment due to illness...
April 24, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437788/high-prevalence-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-is-there-a-difference-depending-on-the-nih-and-rotterdam-criteria
#4
Kanetee Busiah, Ana Colmenares, Maud Bidet, Nadia Tubiana-Rufi, Claire Levy-Marchal, Christine Delcroix, Paul Jacquin, Delphine Martin, Lila Benadjaoud, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain, Kathleen Laborde, Jean-Jacques Robert, Dinane Samara-Boustani, Michel Polak
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is more frequently observed in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) adult women than in nondiabetic women. No such prevalence has yet been studied in adolescent girls with T1DM. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PCOS in adolescent girls with T1DM and to determine the clinical and hormonal features associated with the disorder. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 53 adolescent girls (gynecological age >2 years) referred for routine evaluation for T1DM was conducted...
April 24, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437731/children-and-adolescents-facing-a-continuous-security-threat-aggressive-behavior-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#5
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz
There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437652/review-of-take-home-pesticide-exposure-pathway-in-children-living-in-agricultural-areas
#6
REVIEW
Carly Hyland, Ouahiba Laribi
BACKGROUND: Children of farmworkers may be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to analyze scientific literature evaluating the role of the take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children of agricultural workers. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and inclusion criteria were applied to identify original articles of interest. Of the 30 articles included in this review, some belonged to the same studies, resulting in a total of 23 studies...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437635/three-cysteine-residues-of-slc52a1-a-receptor-for-the-porcine-endogenous-retrovirus-a-perv-a-play-a-critical-role-in-cell-surface-expression-and-infectivity
#7
Winston Colon-Moran, Takele Argaw, Carolyn A Wilson
Porcine endogenous retrovirus-A (PERV-A), a gammaretrovirus, infects human cells in vitro, thus raising the potential risk of cross-species transmission in xenotransplantation. Two members of the solute carrier family 52 (SLC52A1 and SLC52A2) are PERV-A receptors. Site-directed mutagenesis of the cDNA encoding SLC52A1 identified that only one of two putative glycosylation signals is occupied by glycans. In addition, we showed that glycosylation of SLC52A1 is not necessary for PERV-A receptor function. We also identified that at a minimum, three cysteine residues are sufficient for SLC52A1 cell surface expression...
April 20, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437568/insights-into-deep-sea-adaptations-and-host-symbiont-interactions-a-comparative-transcriptome-study-on-bathymodiolus-mussels-and-their-coastal-relatives
#9
Ping Zheng, Minxiao Wang, Chaolun Li, Xiaoqing Sun, Xiaocheng Wang, Yan Sun, Song Sun
Mussels (Bivalve: Mytilidae) have adapted to various habitats, from freshwater to the deep sea. To understand their adaptive characteristics in different habitats, particularly in the bathymodiolin mussels in deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems, we conducted a comparative transcriptomic analysis between deep-sea bathymodiolin mussels and their shallow-water relatives. A number of gene families related to stress responses were shared across all mussels, without specific or significantly expanded families in deep-sea species, indicating that all mussels are capable of adapting to diverse harsh environments, but that different members of the same gene family may be preferentially utilized by different species...
April 24, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437559/chromosomal-evolution-in-large-pelagic-oceanic-apex-predators-the-barracudas-sphyraenidae-percomorpha
#10
R X Soares, M B Cioffi, L A C Bertollo, A T Borges, G W W F Costa, W F Molina
Sphyraena (barracudas) represents the only genus of the Sphyraenidae family and includes 27 species distributed into the tropical and subtropical oceanic regions. These pelagic predators can reach large sizes and, thus, attracting significant interest from commercial and sport fishing. Evolutionary data for this fish group, as well its chromosomal patterns, are very incipient. In the present study, the species Sphyraena guachancho, S. barracuda, and S. picudilla were analyzed under conventional (Giemsa staining, C-banding, and Ag-NOR) and molecular (CMA3 banding, and in situ hybridization with 18S rDNA, 5S rDNA, and telomeric probes) cytogenetic methods...
April 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437558/genetic-diversity-of-bromeliaceae-species-from-the-atlantic-forest
#11
Y Sheu, A S Cunha-Machado, A B P L Gontijo, F C Favoreto, T B C Soares, F D Miranda
The Bromeliaceae family includes a range of species used for many purposes, including ornamental use and use as food, medicine, feed, and fiber. The state of Espírito Santo, Brazil is a center of diversity for this family in the Atlantic Forest. We evaluated the genetic diversity of five populations of the Bromeliaceae family, including specimens of the genera Aechmea, Billbergia (subfamily Bromelioideae), and Pitcairnia (subfamily Pitcairnioidea), all found in the Atlantic Forest and distributed in the state of Espírito Santo...
April 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437490/the-diagnosis-and-initial-treatment-of-patellofemoral-disorders
#12
Alan C Merchant, John P Fulkerson, Wayne Leadbetter
Our purpose is to provide simple guidelines for the diagnosis and early care of patellofemoral disorders. Any clinician who treats knee problems, including family practitioners, rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons, or physical therapists, must know how to make the correct diagnosis, or at least a presumptive diagnosis, at the initial visit. This can avoid unneeded and costly tests, ineffective treatment, and even damaging exercises and unnecessary surgery. The diagnosis of patellofemoral disorders is confusing because they can have many causes...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437447/carbonic-anhydrase-iii-car3-is-not-required-for-fatty-acid-synthesis-and-does-not-protect-against-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#13
Sarah W Renner, Lauren M Walker, Lawrence J Forsberg, Jonathan Z Sexton, Jay E Brenman
Carbonic anhydrases are a family of enzymes that catalyze the reversible condensation of water and carbon dioxide to carbonic acid, which spontaneously dissociates to bicarbonate. Carbonic anhydrase III (Car3) is nutritionally regulated at both the mRNA and protein level. It is highly enriched in tissues that synthesize and/or store fat: liver, white adipose tissue, brown adipose tissue, and skeletal muscle. Previous characterization of Car3 knockout mice focused on mice fed standard diets, not high-fat diets that significantly alter the tissues that highly express Car3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437432/genome-wide-identification-and-expression-analysis-of-calcium%C3%A2-dependent-protein-kinase-and-its-related-kinase-gene-families-in-melon-cucumis-melo-l
#14
Haifei Zhang, Chunhua Wei, Xiaozhen Yang, Hejie Chen, Yongchao Yang, Yanling Mo, Hao Li, Yong Zhang, Jianxiang Ma, Jianqiang Yang, Xian Zhang
The calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) is a ser/thr protein kinase that plays vital roles in plant growth, development, and responses to multiple stresses. Despite an important member of the stress responsive gene family, little is known about the evolutionary history and expression patterns of CDPK genes in melon. Herein, a total of 18 CDPK genes and 7 CDPK-related protein kinases (CRK) genes were identified in the melon genome via bioinformatic analysis, which were unevenly distributed across eleven chromosomes with an apparent exception for chromosome 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437370/ethics-guide-recommendations-for-organ-donation-focused-physicians-endorsed-by-the-canadian-medical-association
#15
Sam D Shemie, Christy Simpson, Jeff Blackmer, Shavaun MacDonald, Sonny Dhanani, Sylvia Torrance, Paul Byrne
Donation physicians are specialists with expertise in organ and tissue donation and have been recognized internationally as a key contributor to improving organ and tissue donation services. Subsequent to a 2011 Canadian Critical Care Society-Canadian Blood Services consultation, the donation physician role has been gradually implemented in Canada. These professionals are generally intensive care unit physicians with an enhanced focus and expertise in organ/tissue donation. They must manage the dual obligation of caring for dying patients and their families while providing and/or improving organ donation services...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437369/ethical-challenges-and-the-donation-physician-specialist-a-scoping-review
#16
Shavaun I MacDonald, Sam D Shemie
Deceased donation medicine involves unique ethical challenges. Physicians who are focused on deceased donation medicine as part of their practice can expect to encounter these challenges. The goal of this review is to identify and describe these challenges, highlight existing guidelines and policy regarding the management of these challenges and to describe how the donation physician role might promote ethical practice in deceased donation medicine. Themes of discussion include: communication with families, interprofessional conflict, donation physician personal characteristics, donation clinical processes, health resource allocation, research and education, and remuneration...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437368/end-of-life-conversations-with-families-of-potential-donors-leading-practices-in-offering-the-opportunity-for-organ-donation
#17
Sam D Shemie, Adrian Robertson, Janice Beitel, Jennifer Chandler, Ed Ferre, Janet Evans, Mathias Haun, Sylvia Torrance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437367/-effective-requesting-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-on-asking-families-to-consent-to-organ-and-tissue-donation
#18
Jennifer A Chandler, Matthew Connors, Giles Holland, Sam D Shemie
BACKGROUND: Families are often asked to consent to the donation of their deceased relative's organs or tissues. These end-of-life conversations are important because they affect consent rates as well as the psychological impact of the decision for families. This scoping review of the literature on requesting family consent was prepared to support of the development of leading practice recommendations for end-of-life conversations with families of potential donors. A scoping review maps research activity in a field across a range of commentary and empirical study designs but does not attempt meta-synthesis of empirical data or quality assessment...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437219/factors-affecting-sexual-function-in-midlife-women-results-from-the-midlife-women-s-health-study
#19
Rebecca L Smith, Lisa Gallicchio, Jodi A Flaws
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the importance of risk factors affecting sexual function in sexually active midlife women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 780 women undergoing the menopausal transition was surveyed each year for up to 7 years. Data were collected from sexually active women on sexual function, including frequencies of enjoyment, arousal, orgasm, passion for partner, satisfaction with partner, pain, lack of lubrication, fantasizing, and sexual activity...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437218/patient-physician-and-practice-characteristics-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-preventive-care-for-women
#20
Caress A Dean, Lauren D Arnold, Paul J Hauptman, Jing Wang, Keith Elder
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for American women. Although CVD preventive care has the potential to reduce a significant number of these deaths, the degree to which healthcare providers deliver such care is unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify patient, physician, and practice characteristics that significantly influence the provision of CVD preventive care during ambulatory care visits for female patients. METHODS: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey datasets from 2005 to 2010 were utilized...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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