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Nitrofurantoin adverse effects

Angela Huttner, Anna Kowalczyk, Adi Turjeman, Tanya Babich, Caroline Brossier, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Katarzyna Kosiek, Begoña Martinez de Tejada, Xavier Roux, Shachaf Shiber, Ursula Theuretzbacher, Elodie von Dach, Dafna Yahav, Leonard Leibovici, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Johan W Mouton, Stephan Harbarth
Importance: The use of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin has increased since guidelines began recommending them as first-line therapy for lower urinary tract infection (UTI). Objective: To compare the clinical and microbiologic efficacy of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin in women with uncomplicated cystitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multinational, open-label, analyst-blinded, randomized clinical trial including 513 nonpregnant women aged 18 years and older with symptoms of lower UTI (dysuria, urgency, frequency, or suprapubic tenderness), a positive urine dipstick result (with detection of nitrites or leukocyte esterase), and no known colonization or previous infection with uropathogens resistant to the study antibiotics...
May 1, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Z Zhu, G W Cao, J J Bao, Z H Hu, Z Shen, H Tao, B Cao, F Xu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of application of vancomycin in the early stage of patients with extremely severe burn, in order to provide reference to drug for anti-infection treatment in the early stage of patients with extremely severe burn. Methods: Data of 15 patients of Kunshan explosion on August 2nd, 2014, admitted to the Department of Intensive Care in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical efficacy of continuously intravenous dripping of vancomycin (combined with imipenem) in the early stage of burns (before and on post burn day 14) was analyzed...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Karin Claussen, Edward Stocks, Deepa Bhat, Jason Fish, Craig D Rubin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of serious pulmonary and hepatic adverse events (AEs) in persons aged 65 and older prescribed nitrofurantoin. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic health record (EHR) audit of nitrofurantoin prescriptions and associated AEs. SETTING: Urban academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: All inpatients and outpatients aged 65 and older prescribed nitrofurantoin from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014...
June 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Astrid M van Strien, Patrick C Souverein, Carolina Karen J P W Keijsers, Eibert R Heerdink, Hieronymus Jeroen J Derijks, Rob J van Marum
OBJECTIVES: Antipsychotic drugs are frequently prescribed to elderly patients, but they are associated with serious adverse effects. The objective of the current study was to investigate the association between use of antipsychotics by elderly women and the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). COHORT STUDY SETTING: Dispensing data were obtained from the PHARMO Database Network for the period 1998-2008. PARTICIPANTS: Ambulatory Dutch women (≥65 years) with current and past use of antipsychotics...
April 2017: Maturitas
Neil A Pollock, Roslyn G Machon, Henry Rosenberg
Dantrolene-a nitrofurantoin derivative-was developed by Snyder et al. in 1967. After initial discovery of its muscle relaxation potential, investigations in a number of species demonstrated dose-dependent reductions in skeletal muscle tone that were long lasting, relatively nontoxic, and free of adverse effects such as respiratory impairment. Ellis et al. then published a number of papers investigating the means by which dantrolene produced these effects. Using a series of classic physiologic models, Ellis investigated potential sites of action for the new drug, eventually narrowing this down to the intracellular calcium-release mechanism...
May 2017: Anesthesiology
F Caron, V Wehrle, M Etienne
Already used in various countries, trimethoprim (TMP) was withdrawn from the French market in 1990, but should be soon available again. This article reviews the experience of TMP use around the world and its current use in Europe. Label use and guidelines only recommend the use of TMP for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI). Compared with co-trimoxazole (Co-T), a combination of TMP and sulfamethoxazole (SMX), TMP has (a) a similar resistance rate among Escherichia coli strains (estimated between 10 and 20% in uncomplicated cystitis), (b) a similar clinical efficacy for cystitis prevention and treatment, (c) a lower toxicity (as severe toxicity adverse effects of Co-T come from its sulfonamide component), (d) limited data for the treatment of pyelonephritis and male UTIs, and (e) an important impact on the microbiota...
June 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
A E Muller, E M Verhaegh, S Harbarth, J W Mouton, A Huttner
OBJECTIVES: Nitrofurantoin has been used for the prevention of urinary tract infection (UTI) for over 60 years. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess its efficacy and safety in the prophylaxis of UTI. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all controlled trials in humans assessing nitrofurantoin for UTI prophylaxis published from 1946 to 2015. We further reviewed population-level cohort studies evaluating nitrofurantoin's toxicity. Meta-analyses assessing efficacy and adverse events were conducted on controlled trials...
June 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Jameca Renee Price, Larissa A Guran, W Thomas Gregory, Marian S McDonagh
BACKGROUND: The clinical and financial burden from bladder infections is significant. Daily antibiotic use is the recommended strategy for recurrent urinary tract infection prevention. Increasing antibiotic resistance rates, however, require immediate identification of innovative alternative prophylactic therapies. This systematic review aims to provide guidance on gaps in evidence to guide future research. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to provide current pooled estimates of randomized control trials comparing the effects of nitrofurantoin vs other agents in reducing recurrent urinary tract infections in adult, nonpregnant women and assess relative adverse side effects...
November 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hui Li, Dongju Lin, Ying Peng, Jiang Zheng
1. Nitrofurantoin (NFT), a 5-nitrofuran derivative, has been widely used for the treatment of specific urinary tract infections. It has been reported that exposure to NFT was associated with various adverse effects, particularly hepatotoxicity and pneumotoxicity. The objective of the study was to identify reactive metabolites of NFT and explore the mechanisms of the toxicities. 2. An epoxide intermediate generated in microsomal incubations was trapped by glutathione (GSH) and 4-bromobenzyl mercaptan (BBM), and the resulting GSH and BBM conjugates were characterized by LC-MS/MS...
February 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Haamid Syed, Ghassan Bachuwa, Sunil Upadhaya, Firas Abed
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a rare adverse effect of nitrofurantoin and can range from benign infiltrates to a fatal condition. Nitrofurantoin acts via inhibiting the protein synthesis in bacteria by helping reactive intermediates and is known to produce primary lung parenchymal injury through an oxidant mechanism. Stopping the drug leads to complete recovery of symptoms. In this report, we present a case of nitrofurantoin-induced ILD with the recovery of symptoms and disease process after stopping the drug...
February 24, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Anne C C Lee, Mohammad A Quaiyum, Luke C Mullany, Dipak K Mitra, Alain Labrique, Parvez Ahmed, Jamal Uddin, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Sushil DasGupta, Arif Mahmud, Emilia H Koumans, Parul Christian, Samir Saha, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of preterm births are attributable to maternal infections, which are commonly undetected and untreated in low-income settings. Our primary aim is to determine the impact of early pregnancy screening and treatment of maternal genitourinary tract infections on the incidence of preterm live birth in Sylhet, Bangladesh. We will also assess the effect on other adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth (stillbirth and live birth), late miscarriage, maternal morbidity, and early onset neonatal sepsis...
December 7, 2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Michelle L Ingalsbe, Amy L Wojciechowski, Kelly A Smith, Kari A Mergenhagen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess both the safety and the effectiveness of nitrofurantoin in male veterans treated for urinary tract infections (UTIs) with varying degrees of renal impairment in the outpatient setting. Nitrofurantoin is an important oral option for treating UTIs given increasing resistance to commonly used agents. Nitrofurantoin is currently contraindicated in patients with a creatinine clearance (CrCl) of < 60 ml/min, but the reason for this threshold has not been well documented...
August 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
B Sorin, M Pineton de Chambrun, J Haroche, Y Freund, M Miyara, F Charlotte, B Lebrun-Vignes, Z Amoura, F Cohen Aubart
INTRODUCTION: Nitrofurantoin is a commonly used drug which can have liver and pulmonary adverse effects. Among hepatic nitrofurantoin-induced adverse effects, autoimmune hepatitis is a rare complication which must not be mistaken as a toxic hepatitis. CASE REPORT: We report an 86-year-old woman who presented with acute hepatitis after a 3-month course of nitrofurantoin administration for urinary tract infections. She reported a previous hepatitis after treatment by nitrofurantoin twenty years before...
February 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Richard D Turner, Chris M Barber
Nitrofurantoin has well-described associations with a range of adverse pulmonary effects. We report the case of a 72-year old woman with relapsing pneumonitis secondary to the intermittent use of nitrofurantoin, a pattern of disease not well-represented in the literature. The case is also noteworthy as the diagnosis was initially overlooked due to the circumstances of the patient's medication use. Lung biopsy was avoided by detailed history taking.
2012: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Abhishek Agarwal, Abhinav Agrawal, Karim Nathan, Satyajeet Roy
Nitrofurantoin is commonly prescribed to treat urinary tract infections (UTI). Reported adverse effects include gastrointestinal, pulmonary, hepatic and neurological disorders. We report a case of a 67-year-old woman treated for UTI with nitrofurantoin who presented with antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated renal and skin vasculitis 3 days after starting treatment. The symptoms resolved following withdrawal of the drug and treatment with steroids. This is the first reported case of nitrofurantoin causing ANCA-associated vasculitis...
May 2, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Ori Goldberg, Myla Moretti, Amalia Levy, Gideon Koren
OBJECTIVE: Because of an increased resistance of urinary pathogens to penicillin derivatives, nitrofurantoin is commonly used as an alternative in treating urinary tract infection because a wide range of both Gram negative and positive organisms are sensitive to it. The safety of the fetus after exposure to nitrofurantoin remains controversial. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the fetal safety of nitrofurantoin. We searched Medline, EMBASE, references from published reports, and meeting abstracts for relevant studies...
February 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Arun Mattappalil, Kari A Mergenhagen
PURPOSE: Mild adverse drug reactions typically associated with antimicrobials are familiar to most clinicians. However, rare phenomena, such as neurotoxicity, are often unpredictable and potentially unexpected. The toxic effects of antimicrobials on the central nervous system are often underreported and the mechanism(s) may be mixed or obscure. Geriatric patients are at increased risk for adverse drug reactions given physiologic alterations affecting pharmacokinetic processes. A dearth of information exists regarding neurotoxic presentations precipitated by antimicrobial use in the geriatric population...
November 1, 2014: Clinical Therapeutics
Philippe Bonniaud, Marjolaine Georges, Nicolas Favrolt, Philippe Camus
Drug-induced infiltrative lung disease may manifest as variable clinical radiological patterns, including subacute or chronic interstitial pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis, eosinophilic pneumonia, organising pneumonia, pulmonary edema, or sarcoidosis. A large amount of drugs have been incriminated, including those used in cardiovascular diseases (amiodarone, statins and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors), antibiotics (minocycline, nitrofurantoin), most of anticancer drugs (and especially chemotherapy and chest radiation), treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, as well as more recent drugs...
September 2014: La Revue du Praticien
Matej Štuhec
OBJECTIVE: In this case report, we present an 83-year-old Caucasian immune-competent woman with Alzheimer's disease and organic personality disorder who developed auditory hallucinations when treated with two nitrofurantoin (NF) tablets (100 mg) every 12 h because of acute cystitis due to extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-positive Escherichia coli. An 83-year-old Caucasian woman with Alzheimer's disease developed auditory hallucinations 2 days after intake of two NF tablets (100 mg) daily...
September 2014: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Ingo Stock
The nitrofuran derivative nitrofurantoin has been used for more than 60 years for the antibacterial therapy of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI). Despite its long application, this antibiotic retained good activity against Escherichia coli and some other pathogens of uncomplicated urinary tract infections such as Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Enterococcus species. Nitrofurantoin therapy has been shown to be accompanied by numerous adverse drug effects. Among these, there are also serious side effects such as pulmonary reactions and polyneuropathy, which mainly occur in long-term use...
July 2014: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
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