keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Confidence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245061/risk-and-prognosis-of-cancer-after-upper-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Kasper Adelborg, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Jens Sundbøll, Paolo Prandoni, Anne Ording, Henrik Toft Sørensen
INTRODUCTION: The association between lower-extremity venous thrombosis and cancer is well-established. However, the extent to which upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis (U-DVT) is a marker of cancer and a prognostic factor for all-cause mortality remains poorly understood. We examined the risk of cancer after a diagnosis of U-DVT compared with cancer risk in the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Danish nationwide population-based medical registries, we identified all patients with first-time U-DVT during 1980-1993 and 2000-2013...
November 22, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244901/trauma-exposure-and-undetected-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-adults-with-a-mental-disorder
#2
Catrin Lewis, Lawrence Raisanen, Jonathan I Bisson, Ian Jones, Stan Zammit
BACKGROUND: Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with a mental disorder, but symptoms often go undetected and untreated. METHODS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PTSD among a large sample of adults with psychiatric diagnoses and to establish factors associated with symptoms going undetected. Participants were 1,946 adults recruited by the National Centre for Mental Health. Structured interviews and validated self-report questionnaires were used to ascertain clinical and demographic information for analysis...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244853/limited-detection-of-small-%C3%A2-10-mm-colorectal-liver-metastasis-at-preoperative-ct-in-patients-undergoing-liver-resection
#3
Yousun Ko, Jihang Kim, Joseph Kyu-Hyung Park, Haeryoung Kim, Jai Young Cho, Sung-Bum Kang, Soyeon Ahn, Kyong Joon Lee, Kyoung Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively determine the sensitivity of preoperative CT in the detection of small (≤ 10 mm) colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) nodules in patients undergoing liver resection. METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study and waived informed consent. We included 461 pathologically confirmed CRLM nodules in 211 patients (including 71 women; mean age, 66.4 years) who underwent 229 liver resections following abdominal CT. Prior to 163 resections, gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MR imaging was also performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244802/elevations-of-inflammatory-proteins-in-neonatal-blood-are-associated-with-obesity-and-overweight-among-2-year-old-children-born-extremely-premature
#4
Eliana M Perrin, T Michael O'Shea, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Carl Bose, Elizabeth N Allred, Raina N Fichorova, Jelske W van der Burg, Alan Leviton
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with elevated blood concentrations of inflammation markers. It is not known to what extent inflammation precedes the development of obesity. METHODS: In a cohort of 882 infants born before 28 weeks of gestation, we examined relationships between concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood obtained during the first two postnatal weeks and body mass index at 2 years of age. RESULTS: Among children delivered for spontaneous indications (n=734), obesity was associated with elevated concentrations of four proteins (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-R1, and MCP-1) on the first postnatal day; one protein (IL-6) on postnatal day 7; and two proteins (ICAM-3 and VEGF-R1) on postnatal day 14...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244784/factors-associated-to-inpatient-mortality-rates-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study-in-three-peruvian-hospitals
#5
Noé Atamari-Anahui, Franklin W Martinez-Ninanqui, Liz Paucar-Tito, Luz Morales-Concha, Alejandra Miranda-Chirau, Marco Antonio Gamarra-Contreras, Carlos Antonio Zea-Nuñez, Christian R Mejia
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mortality has increased in recent years. In Peru, there are few studies on in-hospital mortality due to type 2 diabetes in the provinces. OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated to hospital mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in three hospitals from Cusco-Peru. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed. All patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 hospitalized in the city of Cusco during the 2016 were included...
December 5, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244616/application-of-passive-sorbent-tube-and-canister-samplers-for-volatile-organic-compounds-at-refinery-fenceline-locations-in-whiting-indiana
#6
Shaibal Mukerjee, Luther A Smith, Motria P Caudill, Karen D Oliver, Wayne Whipple, Donald A Whitaker, Tamira A Cousett
Select volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ambient air were measured at four fenceline sites at a petroleum refinery in Whiting, Indiana, USA using modified EPA Method 325 A/B with passive tubes and EPA Compendium Method TO-15 with canister samplers. One-week, time-integrated samplers were deployed for eight weeks with tubes and canister samplers deployed in duplicate. Good precision was obtained from the duplicate tubes (< 7%) and duplicate canisters (≤ 10%) for BTEX, perchloroethylene, and styrene. The tubes yielded statistically significantly higher concentrations than canisters for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and m,p-xylene...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244607/a-survey-of-risk-factors-for-digit-injuries-among-dogs-training-and-competing-in-agility-events
#7
Debra C Sellon, Katherine Martucci, John R Wenz, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Michelle Powers, Kimberley L Cullen
OBJECTIVE To identify potential risk factors for digit injuries in dogs training and competing in agility events. DESIGN Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. ANIMALS 1,081 dogs training or competing in agility events. PROCEDURES Data were collected for eligible animals via retrospective surveys distributed electronically to handlers of dogs participating in agility-related activities. Variables evaluated included demographic (handlers) and signalment (dogs) information, physical characteristics of dogs, and injury characteristics...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244251/effect-of-combination-folic-acid-vitamin-b6-and-vitamin-b12-supplementation-on-fracture-risk-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Katie L Stone, Li-Yung Lui, William G Christen, Aron M Troen, Douglas C Bauer, Deborah Kado, Christopher Schambach, Steven R Cummings, JoAnn E Manson
Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an association of elevated plasma homocysteine levels with greater bone resorption and fracture risk. Vitamins B12 , B6 , and folic acid are cofactors in homocysteine metabolism, and supplementation with B vitamins is effective in lowering homocysteine levels in humans. However, randomized trials of supplemental B vitamins for reduction of fracture risk have been limited. Therefore, we performed an ancillary study to the Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study (WAFACS), a large randomized trial of women with preexisting cardiovascular disease or three or more coronary risk factors, to test whether a daily B vitamin intervention including folic acid (2...
December 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244221/routes-of-transmission-of-influenza-a-h1n1-sars-cov-and-norovirus-in-air-cabin-comparative-analyses
#9
Hao Lei, Yuguo Li, Shenglan Xiao, Chao-Hsin Lin, Sharon L Norris, Daniel Wei, Zhongmin Hu, Shengcheng Ji
Identifying the exact transmission route(s) of infectious diseases in indoor environments is a crucial step in developing effective intervention strategies. In this study, we proposed a comparative analysis approach and built a model to simulate outbreaks of three different inflight infections in a similar cabin environment, i.e., influenza A H1N1, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV), and norovirus. The simulation results seemed to suggest that the close contact route was probably the most significant route (contributes 70%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 67%-72%) in the inflight transmission of influenza A H1N1 transmission; as a result, passengers within two rows of the index case had a significantly higher infection risk than others in the outbreak (relative risk (RR): 13...
December 15, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244199/secondary-prevention-of-recurrent-venous-thromboembolism-after-initial-oral-anticoagulation-therapy-in-patients-with-unprovoked-venous-thromboembolism
#10
REVIEW
Lindsay Robertson, Su Ern Yeoh, Ahmad Ramli
BACKGROUND: Currently, little evidence is available on the length and type of anticoagulation used for extended treatment for prevention of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with unprovoked VTE who have completed initial oral anticoagulation therapy. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of available oral therapeutic options (aspirin, warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs)) for extended thromboprophylaxis in adults with a first unprovoked VTE, to prevent VTE recurrence after completion of an acceptable initial oral anticoagulant treatment period, as defined in individual studies...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244173/magnitude-of-clinical-benefit-of-cancer-drugs-approved-by-the-us-food-and-drug-administration
#11
Ariadna Tibau, Consolación Molto, Alberto Ocana, Arnoud J Templeton, Luis P Del Carpio, Joseph C Del Paggio, Agustí Barnadas, Christopher M Booth, Eitan Amir
Background: It is uncertain whether drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have clinically meaningful benefit as determined by validated scales such as the European Society for Medical Oncology Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS). Methods: We searched the Drugs@FDA website for applications of anticancer drugs from January 2006 to December 2016. Study characteristics, outcomes, and regulatory pathways were collected from drug labels and reports of registration trials...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244111/serum-albumin-as-a-prognostic-marker-for-serious-non-aids-endpoints-in-the-strategic-timing-of-antiretroviral-treatment-start-study
#12
Andreas Ronit, Shweta Sharma, Jason V Baker, Rosie Mngqibisa, Tristan Delory, Luis Caldeira, Nicaise Ndembi, Jens D Lundgren, Andrew N Phillips
Background: Serum albumin may be used to stratify human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons with high CD4 count according to their risk of serious non-AIDS endpoints. Methods: Cox proportional hazards models were used to analyze the risk of serious non-AIDS events in the Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment (START) study (NCT00867048) with serum albumin as a fixed and time-updated predictor. Models with exclusion of events during initial follow-up years were built to assess the ability of serum albumin to predict beyond shorter periods of time...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244081/atrial-fibrillation-type-matters-greater-infarct-volume-and-worse-neurological-defects-seen-in-acute-cardiogenic-cerebral-embolism-due-to-persistent-or-permanent-rather-than-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Osamu Inaba, Yasuteru Yamauchi, Masahiro Sekigawa, Naoyuki Miwa, Junji Yamaguchi, Yasutoshi Nagata, Toru Obayashi, Takamichi Miyamoto, Tomoyuki Kamata, Mitsuaki Isobe, Masahiko Goya, Kenzo Hirao
Aims: Some studies have shown that the type of atrial fibrillation (AF), whether paroxysmal AF (PAF) or persistent or permanent AF (PeAF), affects the incidence of ischaemic stroke. This study sought to determine the relationship between the AF pattern and the severity and brain volume of infarction in an AF population including transient ischaemic attack (TIA) patients. Methods and results: This was a retrospective observational study. We studied 161 consecutive patients who were admitted to our stroke care unit with cardiogenic embolism or TIA related to non-valvular AF (age 79 ± 9...
December 12, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244073/incidence-of-infective-endocarditis-among-patients-considered-at-high-risk
#14
Lauge Østergaard, Nana Valeur, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Henning Bundgaard, Gunnar Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Niels Eske Bruun, Lars Søndergaard, Lars Køber, Emil Loldrup Fosbøl
Aims: Patients with prior infective endocarditis (IE), a prosthetic heart valve, or a cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) are considered to be at high risk of IE by guidelines. However, knowledge is sparse on the relative risk of IE between these three groups and compared controls. Methods and results: Using Danish nationwide registries (1996-2015), we identified all patients with prior IE, a prosthetic heart valve, or a complex CHD (defined as tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, and transposition of great arteries) as well as matched control populations...
December 12, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244072/impact-of-prediagnostic-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-on-colorectal-cancer-prognosis-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-cohorts-within-the-chances-consortium
#15
J M Ordóñez-Me, V Walter, B Schöttker, M Jenab, M G O'Doherty, F Kee, B Bueno-de-Mesquita, P H M Peeters, B H Stricker, R Ruiter, A Hofman, S Söderberg, P Jousilahti, K Kuulasmaa, N D Freedman, T Wilsgaard, A Wolk, L M Nilsson, A Tjønneland, J R Quirós, F J B van Duijnhoven, P D Siersema, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou, H Brenner
Background: Smoking has been associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality in previous studies and might also be associated with prognosis after CRC diagnosis. However, current evidence on smoking in association with CRC prognosis is limited. Patients and methods: For this individual patient data meta-analysis, sociodemographic and smoking behavior information of 12,414 incident CRC patients (median age at diagnosis: 64.3 years), recruited within 14 prospective cohort studies among previously cancer-free adults, was collected at baseline and harmonized across studies...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244014/camsa-a-tool-for-comparative-analysis-and-merging-of-scaffold-assemblies
#16
Sergey S Aganezov, Max A Alekseyev
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent progress in genome sequencing and assembly, many of the currently available assembled genomes come in a draft form. Such draft genomes consist of a large number of genomic fragments (scaffolds), whose positions and orientations along the genome are unknown. While there exists a number of methods for reconstruction of the genome from its scaffolds, utilizing various computational and wet-lab techniques, they often can produce only partial error-prone scaffold assemblies...
December 6, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243858/atrial-fibrillation-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#17
Mislav Vrsalović, Ana Vrsalović Presečki
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with adverse outcomes in terms of survival and morbidity. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and AF share several common risk factors and often coexist. Whether AF has a prognostic role in patients with PAD has not been extensively studied. HYPOTHESIS: AF is associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and mortality in symptomatic PAD patients. METHODS: Using MEDLINE and Scopus, we searched for studies published before December 2016 that evaluated cardiovascular outcomes based on the presence/absence of AF in a prospective manner with a follow-up period of ≥12 months...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243850/serum-pepsinogen-1-and-anti-helicobacter-pylori-igg-antibodies-as-predictors-of-gastric-cancer-risk-in-finnish-males
#18
M Song, M C Camargo, S J Weinstein, G Murphy, N D Freedman, J Koshiol, R Z Stolzenberg-Solomon, C C Abnet, S Männistö, D Albanes, C S Rabkin
BACKGROUND: Serum pepsinogen 1 (SPG1) and anti-Helicobacter pylori serology have been used for gastric risk stratification in Asia. AIM: To assess utility of these markers in a Western population. METHODS: SPG1 measurements were available for 21 895 Finnish male smokers in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study. We used Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for potential confounders to estimate gastric cancer hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for low SPG1 (<25 μg/L)...
December 15, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243827/one-incision-versus-two-incision-techniques-for-arthroscopically-assisted-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
Fernando C Rezende, Vinícius Y Moraes, Carlos Es Franciozi, Pedro Debieux, Marcus V Luzo, João Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are serious knee injuries that are frequently treated surgically in the form of arthroscopically assisted reconstruction with grafts from the patella or hamstrings tendons. We reviewed the evidence for the choice of arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction technique in terms of whether it should involve one incision (femoral tunnel drilled from inside the knee joint under arthroscopic visualisation) or two incisions (femoral tunnel drilled from outside to inside the knee joint)...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243813/antiepileptic-drug-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-a-network-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#20
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Maria Sudell, Jennifer Weston, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition with a worldwide prevalence of around 1%. Approximately 60% to 70% of people with epilepsy will achieve a longer-term remission from seizures, and most achieve that remission shortly after starting antiepileptic drug treatment. Most people with epilepsy are treated with a single antiepileptic drug (monotherapy) and current guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom for adults and children recommend carbamazepine or lamotrigine as first-line treatment for partial onset seizures and sodium valproate for generalised onset seizures; however a range of other antiepileptic drug (AED) treatments are available, and evidence is needed regarding their comparative effectiveness in order to inform treatment choices...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
9489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"