keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clock genes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736261/genetic-disruption-of-the-cardiomyocyte-circadian-clock-differentially-influences-insulin-mediated-processes-in-the-heart
#1
Graham R McGinnis, Yawen Tang, Rachel A Brewer, Manoja K Brahma, Haley L Stanley, Gobinath Shanmugam, Namakkal Soorappan Rajasekaran, Glenn C Rowe, Stuart J Frank, Adam R Wende, E Dale Abel, Heinrich Taegtmeyer, Silvio Litovsky, Victor Darley-Usmar, Jianhua Zhang, John C Chatham, Martin E Young
Cardiovascular physiology exhibits time-of-day-dependent oscillations, which are mediated by both extrinsic (e.g., environment/behavior) and intrinsic (e.g., circadian clock) factors. Disruption of circadian rhythms negatively affects multiple cardiometabolic parameters. Recent studies suggest that the cardiomyocyte circadian clock directly modulates responsiveness of the heart to metabolic stimuli (e.g., fatty acids) and stresses (e.g., ischemia/reperfusion). The aim of this study was to determine whether genetic disruption of the cardiomyocyte circadian clock impacts insulin-regulated pathways in the heart...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733238/circadian-regulation-of-caterpillar-feeding-and-growth
#2
Agnieszka Suszczynska, Magdalena Maria Kaniewska, Piotr Bebas, Jadwiga Maria Giebultowicz, Joanna Kotwica-Rolinska
Circadian clocks orchestrate many physiological processes in adult organisms. For example, rhythmic feeding behavior is regulated by the central clock in the nervous system in coordination with metabolic rhythms, which in turn depend mostly on peripheral clocks localized in many tissues. Disruption of the circadian clock leads to metabolic dysregulation both in mammals and in the model insect Drosophila melanogaster. Circadian coordination of feeding and metabolism has been studied mainly in adult insects and not in larval stages, which are dramatically different from adults in species with complete full metamorphosis...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732467/minimal-tool-set-for-a-prokaryotic-circadian-clock
#3
Nicolas M Schmelling, Robert Lehmann, Paushali Chaudhury, Christian Beck, Sonja-Verena Albers, Ilka M Axmann, Anika Wiegard
BACKGROUND: Circadian clocks are found in organisms of almost all domains including photosynthetic Cyanobacteria, whereby large diversity exists within the protein components involved. In the model cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 circadian rhythms are driven by a unique KaiABC protein clock, which is embedded in a network of input and output factors. Homologous proteins to the KaiABC clock have been observed in Bacteria and Archaea, where evidence for circadian behavior in these domains is accumulating...
July 21, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731140/integrated-analysis-of-genome%C3%A2-wide-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-microarray-of-diffuse-large-b%C3%A2-cell-lymphoma-with-tet-mutations
#4
Pengfei Liu, Wenhua Jiang, Jinkun Zhao, Huilai Zhang
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most frequently occurring type of lymphoid malignancy, has been demonstrated to be associated with mutations of Ten‑Eleven Translocation (TET). In order to explore the association between DLBCL and TET mutations, the present study analyzed the gene expression and methylation profiles in human DLBCL biopsy tissues with wildtype and mutated TET2. The microarray dataset GSE37365, containing two subseries: the genome‑wide gene expression dataset GSE37362 and the DNA methylation microarray dataset GSE37363, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730830/preventive-effect-of-l-carnitine-on-the-disorder-of-lipid-metabolism-and-circadian-cclock-of-mice-subjected-to-chronic-jet-lag
#5
X Xie, A Guo, T Wu, Q Hu, L Huang, C Yao, B Zhao, W Zhang, B Chi, P Lu, Z Zhao, Z Fu
Circadian clock plays an essential role in orchestrating daily physiology, and its disruption can evoke metabolic diseases such as obesity. L-Carnitine can reduce blood lipid levels, and ameliorate fatty liver through regulating lipid metabolism. However, whether L-Carnitine administration may affect the disturbance of lipid metabolism and circadian rhythm of mice induced by prolonged circadian disruption is still unknown. Herein, we investigated the effects of L-Carnitine on conditions of circadian clock and lipid metabolism through a chronic jet-lag mice model which was developed by reversing12 h light/12 h dark cycle every 4 days for a continuous 12 weeks...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729616/identification-of-a-t-cell-gene-expression-clock-obtained-by-exploiting-a-mz-twin-design
#6
Daniel Remondini, Nathan Intrator, Claudia Sala, Michela Pierini, Paolo Garagnani, Isabella Zironi, Claudio Franceschi, Stefano Salvioli, Gastone Castellani
Many studies investigated age-related changes in gene expression of different tissues, with scarce agreement due to the high number of affecting factors. Similarly, no consensus has been reached on which genes change expression as a function of age and not because of environment. In this study we analysed gene expression of T lymphocytes from 27 healthy monozygotic twin couples, with ages ranging over whole adult lifespan (22 to 98 years). This unique experimental design allowed us to identify genes involved in normative aging, which expression changes independently from environmental factors...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729421/the-small-g-protein-ras2-is-involved-in-the-metabolic-compensation-of-the-circadian-clock-in-the-circadian-model-neurospora-crassa
#7
Norbert Gyöngyösi, Anita Szöke, Krisztina Ella, Krisztina Káldi
Accumulating evidence from both experimental and clinical investigations indicate a tight interaction between metabolism and circadian timekeeping; however, knowledge of the underlying mechanism is still incomplete. Metabolic compensation allows circadian oscillators to run with a constant speed at different substrate levels and therefore is a substantial criterion of a robust rhythm in a changing environment. Because previous data have suggested a central role of RAS2-mediated signaling in the adaptation of yeast to different nutritional environments, we examined the involvement of RAS2 in the metabolic regulation of the clock in the circadian model organism Neurospora crassa...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729066/the-effect-of-high-fat-diet-on-daily-rhythm-of-the-core-clock-genes-and-muscle-functional-genes-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-chinese-soft-shelled-turtle-trionyx-sinensis
#8
Liu Li, Jiang Guomin, Peng Zhitao, Li Yulong, Li Jinlong, Zou Li, He Zhigang, Wang Xiaoqing, Chu Wuying
In the present study, we sought to investigate the influence of high fat diet on the core clock genes and the muscle functional genes daily expression in the skeletal muscle of Chinese soft-shelled turtle. The turtles were fed by two diets including a control fat diet (the CON treatment, 7.98% lipid) and a high fat diet (the HFD treatment, 13.86% lipid) for six weeks and administrated by the photophase regimen of 24 h light/dark (12L:12D) cycle. After the feeding trial experiment, we measured the daily expression levels of 17 core clock genes (Clock, Bmal1/2, NPAS2, Tim, Cry1/2, Per1/2, DBP, AANAT, NIFL3, BHLHE40, NR1D2, RORA, RORB, RORC) and 12 muscle functional genes (FBXO32, MBNL1, MSTN, Myf5, Myf6, MyoD, MyoG, MyoM1, PPARa, PDK4, Trim63, UCP3) in the skeletal muscle of the two treatments...
July 17, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726633/bmal1-function-in-skeletal-muscle-regulates-sleep
#9
J Christopher Ehlen, Allison J Brager, Julie Baggs, Lennisha Pinckney, Cloe L Gray, Jason P DeBruyne, Karyn A Esser, Joseph S Takahashi, Ketema N Paul
Sleep loss can severely impair the ability to perform, yet the ability to recover from sleep loss is not well understood. Sleep regulatory processes are assumed to lie exclusively within the brain mainly due to the strong behavioral manifestations of sleep. Whole-body knockout of the circadian clock gene Bmal1 in mice affects several aspects of sleep, however, the cells/tissues responsible are unknown. We found that restoring Bmal1 expression in the brains of Bmal1-knockout mice did not rescue Bmal1-dependent sleep phenotypes...
July 20, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721811/moving-to-the-rhythm-with-clock-circadian-genes-autophagy-mtor-and-sirt1-in-degenerative-disease-and-cancer
#10
Kenneth Maiese
BACKGROUND: The mammalian circadian clock and its associated clock genes are increasingly be recognized as critical components for a number of physiological and disease processes that extend beyond hormone release, thermal regulation, and sleep-wake cycles. New evidence suggests that clinical behavior disruptions that involve prolonged shift work and even space travel may negatively impact circadian rhythm and lead to multi-system disease. METHODS: In light of the significant role circadian rhythm can hold over the body's normal physiology as well as disease processes, we examined and discussed the impact circadian rhythm and clock genes hold over lifespan, neurodegenerative disorders, and tumorigenesis...
July 17, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721450/smad3-and-bmal1-regulate-p21-and-s100a4-expression-in-myocardial-stromal-fibroblasts-via-tnf-%C3%AE
#11
Fuyuki Sato, Akira Kohsaka, Kana Takahashi, Saki Otao, Yusuke Kitada, Yoshiyuki Iwasaki, Yasuteru Muragaki
Bmal1, a clock gene, is associated with depression, hypertrophy, metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Smad3, which is involved in the TGF-β signaling pathway, plays an important role in the regulation of tumor progression, fibrosis, obesity and diabetes. Our previous report showed that Smad3 has circadian expression in mouse livers. In the current study, we focused on the heart, especially on the myocardial stromal fibroblasts because the roles of Bmal1 and Smad3 in this tissue are poorly understood. Bmal1 and Smad3 have circadian expression in mouse hearts, and their circadian expression patterns were similar...
July 18, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720596/elongator-regulates-hypocotyl-growth-in-darkness-and-during-photomorphogenesis
#12
Magdalena Woloszynska, Olimpia Gagliardi, Filip Vandenbussche, Steven De Groeve, Luis Alonso Baez, Pia Neyt, Sabine Le Gall, Jorge Fung, Paloma Mas, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Mieke Van Lijsebettens
Elongator promotes RNA polymerase II-mediated transcript elongation through epigenetic activities such as histone acetylation. Elongator regulates growth, development, immune response, sensitivity to drought and abscisic acid. We demonstrate that elo mutants exhibit defective hypocotyl elongation but have a normal apical hook in darkness and are hyposensitive to light during photomorphogenesis. These elo phenotypes are supported by transcriptome changes, i.e. downregulation of circadian clock components, positive regulators of skoto- or photomorphogenesis, hormonal pathways and cell wall biogenesis-related factors...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715496/transition-of-phase-response-properties-and-singularity-in-the-circadian-limit-cycle-of-cultured-cells
#13
Satoshi Koinuma, Hiroshi Kori, Isao T Tokuda, Kazuhiro Yagita, Yasufumi Shigeyoshi
The circadian system has been regarded as a limit cycle oscillator constructed by the integrated interaction of clock genes and proteins. Here, we investigated a mammalian circadian oscillation geometrically before and after a perturbation. We detected the singular point and transition from a type 1 to type 0 phase response curve (PRC) and determined the embedding dimension to show how many variables are needed to describe the limit cycle oscillation and relaxation process after a perturbation. As a perturbation, forskolin (FK) was administered to Rat-1 cells expressing the Per2::luc gene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712565/circadian-clock-involvement-in-zooplankton-diel-vertical-migration
#14
N Sören Häfker, Bettina Meyer, Kim S Last, David W Pond, Lukas Hüppe, Mathias Teschke
Biological clocks are a ubiquitous ancient and adaptive mechanism enabling organisms to anticipate environmental cycles and to regulate behavioral and physiological processes accordingly [1]. Although terrestrial circadian clocks are well understood, knowledge of clocks in marine organisms is still very limited [2-5]. This is particularly true for abundant species displaying large-scale rhythms like diel vertical migration (DVM) that contribute significantly to shaping their respective ecosystems [6]. Here we describe exogenous cycles and endogenous rhythms associated with DVM of the ecologically important and highly abundant planktic copepod Calanus finmarchicus...
July 4, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710810/putative-binding-sites-for-mir-125-family-mirnas-in-the-mouse-lfng-3-utr-affect-transcript-expression-in-the-segmentation-clock-but-mir-125a-5p-is-dispensable-for-normal-somitogenesis
#15
Kanu Wahi, Sophia Friesen, Vincenzo Coppola, Susan E Cole
BACKGROUND: In vertebrate embryos, a "segmentation clock" times somitogenesis. Clock-linked genes, including Lunatic fringe (Lfng), exhibit cyclic expression in the presomitic mesoderm (PSM), with a period matching the rate of somite formation. The clock period varies widely across species, but the mechanisms that underlie this variability are not clear. The half-lives of clock components are proposed to influence the rate of clock oscillations, and are tightly regulated in the PSM. Interactions between Lfng and mir-125a-5p in the embryonic chicken PSM promote Lfng transcript instability, but the conservation of this mechanism in other vertebrates has not been tested...
July 14, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709906/effects-of-feeding-time-on-daily-rhythms-of-neuropeptide-and-clock-gene-expression-in-the-rat-hypothalamus
#16
Dawei Wang, Anne-Loes Opperhuizen, Jane Reznick, Nigel Turner, Yan Su, Gregory J Cooney, Andries Kalsbeek
Shiftworkers are exposed to several adverse health conditions, one being eating at night. Food consumption at an unnatural time-of-day is thought to be one of the main factors responsible for the increased risk of developing metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus. The underlying mechanism is considered to include disruption of the circadian organization of physiology, leading to disruption of metabolism. When food is consumed at night, the hypothalamus, a brain region central to homeostasis, receives contradicting input from the central clock and the systemic circulation...
July 11, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708501/bmal1-interference-impairs-hormone-synthesis-and-promotes-apoptosis-in-porcine-granulosa-cells
#17
Wusu Wang, Lin Yin, Long Bai, Guangjun Ma, Cunzhen Zhao, Aoqi Xiang, Weijun Pang, Gongshe Yang, Guiyan Chu
In mammals, granulosa cell proliferation, differentiation, luteinization, apoptosis, and hormone synthesis are tightly related to oocyte maturation, follicular development and ovarian function. In current study, we investigated the role of the key circadian clock gene, brain and muscle arnt-like protein-1 (Bmal1), on porcine granulosa cell hormone secretion and apoptosis. The transcription levels of circadian clock genes, including Bmal1 and period circadian clock 2 (Per2), were detected by RT-qPCR. We found that the circadian clock genes exhibited rhythmic change and were further enhanced by dexamethasone synchronization in granulosa cells...
May 23, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708429/effects-of-altered-photoperiod-on-circadian-clock-and-lipid-metabolism-in-rats
#18
Xiaoxian Xie, Binggong Zhao, Liangfeng Huang, Qichen Shen, Lingyan Ma, Yangyang Chen, Tao Wu, Zhengwei Fu
Disruption of circadian clock timekeeping due to changes in the photoperiod enhances the risk of lipid metabolism disorders and metabolic syndrome. However, the effects of altered photoperiods on the circadian clock and lipid metabolism are not well understood. To explore the effects of altered photoperiods, we developed a rat model where rats were exposed to either short-day or long-day conditions. Our findings demonstrated that altered photoperiods mediated circadian clocks by partly disrupting rhythmicity and shifting phase values of clock genes...
July 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708003/arntl-clock-and-per3-polymorphisms-links-with-chronotype-and-affective-dimensions
#19
Konrad S Jankowski, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz
Recently, seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ARNTL, TIM and PER3 genes were found associated with affective temperaments in bipolar disorder patients. This study aimed to test whether a) the same associations appear in a non-clinical sample; b) the SNPs are related to other affective dimensions; c) the SNPs underpin the associations between chronotype and affective temperaments/dimensions. Three hundred thirty-eight university students completed the Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire, the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, the General Health Questionnaire, the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire and the Composite Scale of Morningness...
July 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707700/deleting-the-arntl-clock-gene-in-the-granular-layer-of-the-mouse-cerebellum-impact-on-the-molecular-circadian-clockwork
#20
Tenna Bering, Mikkel Bloss Carstensen, Martin Fredensborg Rath
The suprachiasmatic nucleus houses the central circadian clock and is characterized by the timely regulated expression of clock genes. However, neurons of the cerebellar cortex also contain a circadian oscillator with circadian expression of clock genes being controlled by the suprachiasmatic nucleus. It has been suggested that the cerebellar circadian oscillator is involved in food anticipation, but direct molecular evidence of the role of the circadian oscillator of the cerebellar cortex is currently unavailable...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
keyword
keyword
94885
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"